Grade Crossings Regulations (SOR/2014-275)

Regulations are current to 2018-10-03

Existing Grade Crossing (continued)

Private Grade Crossing (continued)

Warning System

Marginal note:Light distribution and intensity

  •  (1) The distribution and intensity of the light from a warning system must meet the standards set out in article 13 of the Grade Crossings Standards.

  • Marginal note:Alignment of light units

    (2) The alignment of each set of light units must meet the standards set out in articles 14.2 to 14.6 of the Grade Crossings Standards.

Marginal note:Warning time

 Before railway equipment reaches a crossing surface, the warning system must operate in accordance with articles 16.1.1(a) to (c) and 16.2.2 of the Grade Crossings Standards.

Marginal note:Cut-out circuits

 If railway equipment is operated, left standing or stopped in a manner that regularly causes, or will regularly cause, the activation of the warning system at a grade crossing other than for the purpose of crossing that grade crossing, the warning system must contain circuits that meet the standards set out in article 16.3.1 of the Grade Crossings Standards.

Marginal note:Directional stick circuit

 The directional stick circuit of a warning system must meet the standards set out in article 16.4 of the Grade Crossings Standards.

Changes to Grade Crossing

Marginal note:Signs

 If a Railway Crossing sign or a Number of Tracks sign is replaced at an existing grade crossing, the sign must meet the standards set out in article 8.1 of the Grade Crossings Standards.

Marginal note:New warning system

  •  (1) If a warning system is installed at a grade crossing, it must meet the applicable standards set out in articles 12 to 16 of the Grade Crossings Standards.

  • Marginal note:Modification or installation of component

    (2) When a component of a warning system is modified or is installed, the component must, except in the case of a replacement in kind for maintenance purposes, meet the applicable standards set out in articles 12 to 16 of the Grade Crossings Standards.

  • Marginal note:Increase in railway design speed

    (3) If the installation of a warning system — or the modification or installation of a component of a warning system — results from an increase in the railway design speed, the warning system or component must meet the applicable standards set out in articles 12 to 16 of the Grade Crossings Standards before the increase in the railway design speed takes effect.

Marginal note:Change to road geometry

  •  (1) If the location, gradient or crossing angle of a grade crossing changes, articles 6 and 11 of the Grade Crossings Standards must be applied in a manner that improves the overall safety of the grade crossing.

  • Marginal note:Prohibition — gradient

    (2) It is prohibited to increase the absolute gradient of a road approach to an existing grade crossing if the gradient does not meet the standards set out in article 6.3 of the Grade Crossings Standards.

Marginal note:Change to road approach

 If the number or width of traffic lanes of a road approach is increased, or if a shoulder is added or a shoulder’s width is increased, the grade crossing must meet the standards set out in articles 5.1 and 6.4 of the Grade Crossings Standards.

Marginal note:Interconnected traffic signals

 If a traffic signal is installed at a grade crossing that corresponds to the specifications set out in article 19.1 of the Grade Crossings Standards, the warning system must be interconnected with the traffic signal, and the interconnection must meet the standards set out in articles 19.2 to 19.4 of those Standards.

Marginal note:Change in design vehicle

 If the design vehicle changes, the period of time that the warning system must operate before railway equipment reaches the crossing surface must meet the standards set out in article 16.1 of Grade Crossings Standards.

General Requirements

Instrument Housing

Marginal note:Locked housing

 A railway company must ensure that the instrument housing for a warning system is locked when it is unattended.

Inspection, Testing and Maintenance

Marginal note:Design plan — railway company

  •  (1) The design plan for a warning system at a grade crossing must be kept at the location of the grade crossing and must clearly indicate the following information:

    • (a) the configuration of the components of the warning system;

    • (b) the layout of the circuitry and signal equipment;

    • (c) the parameters for the operation of the components of the warning system;

    • (d) the type of light, including the lens deflection angles, if applicable, and the alignment coordinates of the light units; and

    • (e) the details of any interconnection with a traffic control device.

  • Marginal note:Maintenance of warning system

    (2) The warning system must conform to the design plan and must be maintained in accordance with article 17.1 of the Grade Crossings Standards.

  • Marginal note:Design plan — modification or installation

    (3) When a component of the warning system is modified or installed, a design plan reflecting the modification or installation must be prepared and must be kept at the location of the grade crossing until it is replaced by a revised design plan.

Marginal note:Initial installation

  •  (1) Immediately after the initial installation of a warning system, but before it is placed in service, all of the components of the warning system must be inspected and tested in accordance with article 17.1 of the Grade Crossings Standards.

  • Marginal note:Modification or installation of a component

    (2) Immediately after the modification or installation of a component of the warning system, but before the warning system is placed in service, the component and all other components that are directly affected by that modification or installation must be inspected and tested in accordance with article 17.1 of the Grade Crossings Standards.

  • Marginal note:Environmental conditions

    (3) In the event of severe weather or other environmental conditions that may affect the operation of the warning system or its components, the warning system or the components must be inspected within a reasonable period of time to ensure that they are working properly.

Marginal note:Periodic inspection and testing

 The inspection and testing of the elements set out in column 2 of Table 17-2 of the Grade Crossings Standards must be conducted at the frequency — as defined in Table 17-1 of those Standards — set out in column 3, 4 or 5 of Table 17-2.

Marginal note:Interconnection with a warning system

  •  (1) Before a traffic control device that is interconnected with a warning system is placed in service, a road authority must inspect and test the traffic control device to ensure that the standards set out in articles 18 and 19 of the Grade Crossings Standards are met.

  • Marginal note:Frequency

    (2) The inspection and testing of the elements set out in column 2 of Table 20-1 of the Grade Crossings Standards must be conducted at the frequency — as defined in Table 17-1 of those Standards — set out in column 3 of Table 20-1.

  • Marginal note:Information

    (3) When the road authority inspects, tests or maintains the traffic control device, the road authority must have, at the site, information respecting the parameters for the operation of the device.

Obstruction of Grade Crossing

Prohibitions

Marginal note:Unnecessary activation of warning system

  •  (1) It is prohibited for railway equipment to be left standing in a manner that causes the activation of the warning system at a public grade crossing other than for the purpose of crossing that grade crossing.

  • Marginal note:Obstruction of public grade crossing

    (2) It is prohibited for railway equipment to be left standing on a crossing surface, or for switching operations to be conducted, in a manner that obstructs a public grade crossing — including by the activation of the gate of a warning system — for more than five minutes when vehicular or pedestrian traffic is waiting to cross it.

Safety Concern

Marginal note:Collaboration

  •  (1) If railway equipment is operated in a manner that regularly causes the obstruction of a public grade crossing, including by the activation of a warning system, and the municipality where the grade crossing is located declares in a resolution that obstruction of the grade crossing creates a safety concern, the railway company and the road authority must collaborate to resolve the safety concern.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (2) The road authority must notify the Minister and the railway company in writing that the resolution has been passed and must provide them with the information used in support of the resolution, including

    • (a) a detailed description of the safety concern;

    • (b) the details of specific occurrences involving the obstruction of the grade crossing, including the date and time of the obstruction; and

    • (c) the details of the traffic congestion that resulted from each specific occurrence referred to in paragraph (b).

  • Marginal note:Timeline and mediation

    (3) The railway company and the road authority must attempt to resolve the safety concern — including through the use of mediation — within 90 days after the day on which the road authority notifies the railway company under subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Notice to Minister

    (4) The road authority must notify the Minister if the railway company and the road authority are not able to resolve the safety concern within the 90-day period.

 
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