Marine Machinery Regulations (SOR/90-264)

Regulations are current to 2019-07-01 and last amended on 2017-02-03. Previous Versions

Marine Machinery Regulations

SOR/90-264

CANADA SHIPPING ACT, 2001

Registration 1990-05-01

Regulations Respecting the Construction, Installation and Inspection of Marine Machinery

P.C. 1990-744  1990-04-26

His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Transport, pursuant to section 338Footnote * of the Canada Shipping Act, is pleased hereby to revoke the Liquified Petroleum Gas Regulations, C.R.C., c. 1437, the Steamship Machinery Construction Order, C.R.C., c. 1490, the Steamship Machinery Construction Regulations, C.R.C., c. 1491 and the Steamship Machinery Inspection Regulations, C.R.C., c. 1492, and to make the annexed Regulations respecting the construction, installation and inspection of marine machinery, in substitution therefor.

Short Title

 These Regulations may be cited as the Marine Machinery Regulations.

Interpretation

  •  (1) In these Regulations,

    Act

    Act means the Canada Shipping Act; (Loi)

    approved classification society

    approved classification society means the American Bureau of Shipping, Bureau Veritas (Canada), Det norske Veritas, Lloyd’s Register of Shipping or Germanischer Lloyd; (société de classification agréée)

    assigned working pressure

    assigned working pressure means the maximum fluid pressure to which the component with the lowest design working pressure in a system may be subjected and above which the system is protected from overpressure; (pression de service effective)

    auxiliary steering gear

    auxiliary steering gear means the arrangements provided for effecting movement of the rudder of a ship in the event of failure of the main steering gear, but does not include the rudder stock, tiller or quadrant, or the component serving the same purpose as the tiller or quadrant, or, where fitted, the automatic-pilot system; (appareil à gouverner auxiliaire)

    boiler

    boiler means a plant that generates steam or hot water under pressure by means of a flame, combustion gases or electrical heating elements, and includes the superheaters, economizers, valves and components necessary for the safety and operation of the plant; (chaudière)

    classification society

    classification society means a society or association for the classification of ships; (société de classification)

    component

    component means a unit or part of a unit that is identified in rules or codes and is to be installed as part of machinery; (élément)

    component inspection certificate

    component inspection certificate means a certificate referred to in section 16; (certificat d’inspection d’élément)

    design working pressure

    design working pressure means the maximum fluid pressure to which a component may be subjected during operating conditions; (pression de service nominale)

    fluid

    fluid means a gas, vapour or liquid; (fluide)

    fuel oil unit

    fuel oil unit means the facility, including pressure pumps, filters and heaters, dealing with oil at a pressure in excess of 180 kPa and used in the preparation of fuel oil for delivery to an oil-fired boiler or, where the oil is heated prior to delivery, to an internal combustion engine; (appareil à mazout)

    harmful substance

    harmful substance means waste as defined in the Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act or pollutant as defined in section 673 of the Act; (substance nocive)

    inspection certificate

    inspection certificate means an inspection certificate referred to in Part V of the Act; (certificat d’inspection)

    inspector

    inspector means a person appointed as a steamship inspector pursuant to section 301 of the Act; (inspecteur)

    launch

    launch means a ship that has an open cockpit or a cockpit covered by a light trunk cabin in which passengers may be carried; (chaloupe)

    length

    length means

    • (a) in the case of a Safety Convention passenger ship, the horizontal distance measured between perpendiculars erected at the extreme ends of the deepest subdivision load line,

    • (b) in the case of a ship, other than a Safety Convention passenger ship, that is required to be registered pursuant to the Act,

      • (i) the distance measured from the fore-part of the uppermost end of the stem to the aft side of the head of the stern post, except that where a stern post is not fitted to the ship, it is the distance from the fore-part of the uppermost end of the stem to the foreside of the head of the rudder stock,

      • (ii) where the ship has no rudder stock or has a rudder stock situated outside the hull at the stern, the distance measured from the foreside of the foremost permanent structure to the aft side of the aftermost permanent structure of the ship, but not including guards or rubbing strakes, or

      • (iii) where the ship is a double-ended ship, the distance measured from the aft side of the forward rudder stock to the foreside of the aft rudder stock, and

    • (c) in the case of a ship that is not required to be registered pursuant to the Act, the horizontal distance measured between perpendiculars erected at the extreme outside ends of the hull; (longueur)

    liquefied petroleum gas

    liquefied petroleum gas means a liquefied inflammable gas that is composed predominantly of hydrocarbons or mixtures of hydrocarbons such as propane, propylene, butane, butylene or butadene, and that has a Reid vapour pressure exceeding 276 kPa absolute at 38° C; (gaz de pétrole liquéfié)

    local steering gear control system

    local steering gear control system means a system by which required rudder movements are transmitted to the steering gear power unit controls from a position within the steering gear compartment; (système local de commande de 1‘appareil à gouverner)

    machinery spaces

    machinery spaces means machinery spaces of category A and all other spaces containing propelling machinery, steering gears, boilers, steam and internal combustion engines, generators and major electrical machinery, oil filling stations, refrigerating, stabilizing, ventilation and air-conditioning machinery, and similar spaces, and trunks to the spaces; (tranche des machines)

    machinery spaces of category A

    machinery spaces of category A means

    • (a) spaces that contain

      • (i) internal combustion-type machinery used for main propulsion or, where the aggregate of total power output is not less than 373 kW, for purposes other than main propulsion,

      • (ii) an oil-fired boiler, or

      • (iii) a fuel oil unit, and

    • (b) trunks to spaces referred to in paragraph (a); (tranche des machines de catégorie A)

    main steering gear

    main steering gear means the main steering gear power unit and actuator by which torque is applied to the rudder stock for the purposes of effecting movement of the rudder to steer a ship; (appareil à gouverner principal)

    major repairs

    major repairs means repairs or alterations to machinery that substantially alter the capacity, size or type of the machinery; (réparations majeures)

    material test certificate

    material test certificate means a certificate referred to in section 10; (certificat d’essai de matériau)

    periodic general inspection

    periodic general inspection means a periodic general inspection described in subsection 19(2); (inspection périodique générale)

    periodic special inspection

    periodic special inspection means a periodic special inspection described in subsection 20(1); (inspection périodique spéciale)

    pressure vessel

    pressure vessel means a boiler or an unfired pressure vessel; (récipient sous pression)

    remote steering gear control system

    remote steering gear control system means the system by which required rudder movements are transmitted to the steering gear power unit controls from the bridge or another location in a ship, excluding the steering gear compartment; (système de commande à distance de l’appareil à gouverner)

    rudder actuator

    rudder actuator means a unit transmitting torque to a rudder stock

    • (a) through an externally connected tiller, quadrant or similar component, or

    • (b) directly through an integrally housed vane or similar component; (actionneur de gouvernail)

    rules or codes

    rules or codes means rules, regulations or codes relating to the construction, installation and inspection of marine machinery, issued by an approved classification society; (règles ou codes)

    shipside door-operating mechanism

    shipside door-operating mechanism means machinery employed in the opening and closing of a hull door, visor or roll on/roll off ramp of a ship, but does not include the door, visor or ramp or any locking device; (mécanisme de manoeuvre des portes de muraille)

    steering gear power unit

    steering gear power unit means

    • (a) in the case of an electric steering gear, an electric motor and its associated electrical arrangements,

    • (b) in the case of an electro-hydraulic steering gear, an electric motor, and its associated electrical arrangements and the connected hydraulic pump, and

    • (c) in the case of a hydraulic steering gear, the driving engine and connected hydraulic pump; (groupe moteur d’appareil à gouverner)

    test pressure

    test pressure means the maximum pressure to which the fluid in a component or system may be subjected during inspection; (pression d’essai)

    unfired pressure vessel

    unfired pressure vessel means a container subjected to internal or external pressure, where the pressure is produced without the application of heat from an external source or by the application of heat from an indirect source or by any combination thereof, and includes condensers, evaporators, air receivers, hydro-pneumatic tanks, hydraulic accumulators, heat exchangers and similar components, but does not include cooling or heating spaces of engines, pumps, compressors, piping and similar components; (récipient sous pression non chauffé)

    windlass

    windlass means the machinery and arrangements principally employed in the lowering and raising of the anchors of a ship, but does not include the anchors and cables. (guindeau)

  • (2) The units of measurement used in these Regulations are as defined in the Metric Practice Guide published by the Canadian Standards Association.

  • (3) Unless specifically stated otherwise, all prescribed pressures are gauge pressures.

  • SOR/2002-428, s. 1

Application

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), these Regulations apply in respect of every ship as defined in Part XV of the Act.

  • (2) These Regulations do not apply in respect of a pleasure yacht or a non-passenger, non-self-propelled ship, except in respect of

    • (a) propulsion system boilers on board a pleasure yacht, where the yacht is in excess of five tons gross tonnage; and

    • (b) boilers and compressed air receivers on board a non-passenger, non-self-propelled ship carrying a crew where the ship

      • (i) may operate or ply on voyages more than 15 miles from land, or

      • (ii) does not operate or ply on voyages more than 15 miles from land and the boilers or compressed air receivers have an assigned working pressure in excess of 103 kPa.

Construction and Installation Standards

  •  (1) Any machinery referred to in Schedules I to XV that is constructed after the coming into force of these Regulations shall be constructed and installed in a ship in accordance with the following standards or specifications in force at the time the construction is commenced:

    • (a) the standards or specifications in the rules or codes under which the machinery is being constructed; and

    • (b) the design specifications set out in each item of Part I of the applicable schedule of Schedules I to XV and the general design specifications set out in Schedule XVI.

  • (2) In the event of any inconsistency between the standards or specifications referred to in paragraph (1)(a) and the specifications referred to in paragraph (1)(b), the specifications referred to in paragraph (1)(b) shall prevail.

  • (3) Any machinery referred to in subsection (1) that has been constructed in accordance with the standards or specifications in rules or codes of an approved classification society may be installed in a ship in accordance with the rules or codes of another approved classification society.

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), major repairs to machinery referred to in Schedules I to XV that was constructed before or after the coming into force of these Regulations, including the reinstallation of components associated with the machinery following the major repairs, shall be made in accordance with the standards or specifications referred to in subsection 4(1) in force at the time the major repairs are commenced.

  • (2) Where making major repairs in accordance with subsection (1) would be impracticable or inappropriate, the major repairs may be made in accordance with the standards or specifications relating to construction set out in the regulations in force at the time construction of the machinery commenced.

Plans

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (5), plans of machinery referred to in Schedules I to XV required by these Regulations to be inspected shall be submitted to the Board prior to the commencement of any inspection.

  • (2) Where machinery is constructed or installed after the coming into force of these Regulations, the plans shall be submitted to the Board prior to the commencement of construction or installation of the machinery, as the case may be.

  • (3) The plans shall

    • (a) be in quadruplicate unless the Board specifies that fewer than four plans are required, in English or French and in fully dimensioned form;

    • (b) include the information set out in each item of Part II of the applicable schedule of Schedules I to XV;

    • (c) indicate the approved classification society in accordance with the rules or codes of which the machinery will be or was constructed or installed; and

    • (d) reflect the standards and specifications referred to in subsection 4(1).

  • (4) The Board may require that additional information referred to in Part II of the applicable schedule of Schedules I to XV be included in the plans.

  • (5) The plans need not be submitted to the Board if plans that conform to these Regulations for identical machinery have previously been submitted to the Board.

  • (6) The submitted plans shall be inspected by an inspector and where the plans meet the requirements set out in paragraphs (3)(a) to (d) and subsection (4) shall be stamped to indicate that the plans comply with those requirements.

  • SOR/2015-161, s. 3(F)

Material Testing and Marking

 Specimen pieces of any material to be used in the construction of or repairs to machinery referred to in subsection 4(1) and required by the rules or codes under which the machinery is to be constructed to be tested prior to use shall be identified and shall, in the presence of an inspector, undergo, prior to the commencement of construction or repairs, the tests set out in those rules or codes.

  • SOR/2015-161, s. 4
  •  (1) An inspector referred to in section 7 shall, prior to the commencement of a test, be provided with evidence that shows that all the material testing equipment to be used is in correct operational condition and adjustment.

  • (2) The evidence referred to in subsection (1) may consist of current reports or certificates issued by an equipment testing organization that is accredited by the Standards Council of Canada.

 On completion of the tests in the presence of an inspector, referred to in section 7, the material shall be permanently marked in the presence of that inspector with

  • (a) the information on the material test certificate set out in Schedule XVII under the heading “MARKING — MARQUES”; and

  • (b) the Federal Identity Symbol as printed on a stamp provided by the inspector.

 An inspector shall issue a material test certificate in respect of a material in the form set out in Schedule XVII where

  • (a) the specimen pieces of the material meet the test requirements set out in the rules or codes referred to in section 7; and

  • (b) the material has been marked in accordance with section 9.

  •  (1) Notwithstanding sections 7 and 9, an exclusive surveyor to an approved classification society or a metallurgist certified by a provincial government or by any other authority having similar certification standards may witness the tests and marking referred to in those sections.

  • (2) Where an exclusive surveyor or metallurgist referred to in subsection (1) witnesses the tests and marking of a material,

    • (a) the material test certificate shall include all testing information, bear the identification symbol of the employer of the exclusive surveyor or metallurgist and be signed by the exclusive surveyor or metallurgist; and

    • (b) the permanent marking on the material shall include the identification symbol of the employer of the exclusive surveyor or metallurgist.

Construction and Installation Inspections

  •  (1) Subject to section 15, all machinery referred to in subsections 4(1) and 5(1) shall be inspected by an inspector during construction, installation and major repair.

  • (2) An inspection referred to in subsection (1) shall consist of the completion of each item set out in Part III of the applicable schedule of Schedules I to XV.

 No inspection of machinery shall be carried out unless the tests and marking referred to in sections 7 to 9 have been completed and the material test certificates referred to in section 10 or 11 have been provided to the inspector.

 No pressure vessel referred to in Schedules I to III shall be inspected unless the following conditions have been met:

  • (a) the manufacturer’s construction and testing facilities have, prior to the commencement of construction of the pressure vessel in accordance with these Regulations, been inspected by an inspector and the inspector has submitted a report thereon to the Board; and

  • (b) the Board has determined on the basis of the report that the facilities are, in accordance with the state of the art, suitable for the construction or testing of boilers or unfired pressure vessels of Class 1, 2 or 3, as the case may be.

  •  (1) No inspection of standardized and mass-produced machinery is required where

    • (a) the manufacturer has established and continuously applied, throughout the construction and testing of the machinery, quality control procedures that meet the requirements of paragraphs (2)(b) and (c); and

    • (b) the manufacturer provides to the Board in respect of the machinery the following documentary information:

      • (i) the model and serial number of the machinery,

      • (ii) confirmation that materials testing was carried out and that the materials meet the requirements of the rules or codes under which the machinery was constructed,

      • (iii) confirmation that the machinery was constructed in accordance with these Regulations,

      • (iv) confirmation that the machinery was tested in accordance with these Regulations on completion of the construction, and

      • (v) the permanent identification marking of the manufacturer and the location of the marking on the machinery.

  • (2) The Board may approve the quality control procedures of a manufacturer where

    • (a) the manufacturer has submitted to the Board full documentation covering the quality control procedures being applied, including periodic auditing arrangements;

    • (b) the quality control procedures and the construction and testing facilities have been inspected

      • (i) by an inspector and the inspector has submitted a report thereon to the Board, or

      • (ii) by an exclusive surveyor to an approved classification society and the surveyor has submitted a report thereon to the approved classification society, the society has accepted the report and issued an acceptance certificate in respect of the inspection and a copy of the certificate has been submitted to the Board; and

    • (c) the Board has determined on the basis of the documentation submitted that the manufacturer’s facilities and quality control procedures are, in accordance with the state of the art, suitable for the construction and testing of the machinery.

Component Inspection Certificate and Marking

 Subject to section 17, where an inspector has carried out a construction inspection of machinery in accordance with subsection 12(2), the inspector shall issue a component inspection certificate in the form set out in Schedule XVIII for each component of that machinery that is constructed in accordance with these Regulations.

 Before issuing a component inspection certificate, an inspector shall ensure that the component is marked with the information on the certificate referred to in section 16 under the heading “MARKING — MARQUES”, including the Federal Identity Symbol.

  •  (1) The marking referred to in section 17 shall be conspicuous and not readily effaced, covered or removed, and shall be located

    • (a) in the case of a hot-water boiler or a steam boiler, adjacent to an access or visual inspection opening;

    • (b) in the case of an unfired pressure vessel, on an end plate;

    • (c) in the case of a shaft, on the flange rim;

    • (d) in the case of a propeller, on the hub; and

    • (e) in the case of any other component, adjacent to the manufacturer’s permanent identification marking.

  • (2) Where a component cannot be marked on a location referred to in subsection (1) because marking on the location would be physically impossible or unsafe or the marking would not be readily visible, the inspector may accept another suitable location for the marking.

Periodic General Inspections and Periodic Special Inspections

  •  (1) No inspection, other than an inspection referred to in sections 24 and 25, shall be carried out pursuant to section 316 of the Act unless a component inspection certificate has been issued for each component.

  • (2) Where machinery referred to in Schedules I to XV is subject to an inspection referred to in subsection (1) at one year or four year intervals, an inspector shall carry out a periodic general inspection that consists of an external inspection of the machinery comprising an inspection or the completion of each item set out in Division I of Part IV of the applicable schedule of Schedules I to XV.

  •  (1) Machinery referred to in Schedules I to XV is subject to a periodic special inspection by an inspector in accordance with subsection (2) and shall consist of an external and an internal inspection of the machinery comprising an inspection of each item set out in Subdivision I of Division II of Part IV of the applicable schedule of Schedules I to XV.

  • (2) Periodic special inspections shall be carried out

    • (a) at the intervals set out in Subdivision II of Division II of Part IV of the applicable schedule of Schedules I to XV; and

    • (b) at the time of the periodic general inspection, where during the periodic general inspection the inspector has reasonable grounds to believe that there are internal defects in the machinery.

 Where a periodic special inspection is required in accordance with paragraph 20(2)(a), a periodic general inspection shall be carried out, as soon as practicable, subsequent to the reassembly of the machinery that was inspected.

 Where machinery is to be inspected in accordance with these Regulations, the ship owner shall ensure that the machinery is opened up and cleaned and the removable components are removed, as required by the inspector.

Continuous Periodic Special Inspections

  •  (1) On a written request to the Board by a ship owner, the Board may approve a system of continuous periodic special inspections where the inspection requirements referred to in paragraph 20(2)(a) are complied with according to a cycle in which approximately the same number of components is inspected in each 12-month period.

  • (2) An up-to-date record indicating the status of the continuous periodic special inspection of the various components on board a ship shall be maintained by the Board and a copy of the record shall be forwarded to the ship or owner of the ship, on request.

  • (3) Where, in the course of a continuous periodic special inspection, a defect is found in a component and the nature of the defect and the operational conditions indicate that there may be a similar defect in a related or similar component on board the ship, the inspector may require that the related or similar component also be inspected during the inspection.

Foreign Machinery

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), machinery referred to in Schedules I to XV that is installed in a foreign ship which ship has never been registered in Canada and is registered in Canada for the first time after the coming into force of these Regulations shall, prior to the ship’s service as a Canadian ship, be subject to a first periodic general inspection and a first periodic special inspection.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), machinery referred to in Schedules I to XV that is constructed in a foreign country and is brought into Canada for installation in a Canadian ship shall be subject to a first periodic general inspection and a first periodic special inspection prior to its use.

  • (3) A first periodic special inspection of any machinery referred to in subsections (1) and (2) is not required where

    • (a) a certificate is submitted to the Board showing

      • (i) that the construction and, as applicable, the installation of the machinery were inspected by an exclusive surveyor to an approved classification society,

      • (ii) that the machinery conforms to the rules or codes under which the machinery was constructed that were in force at the time the machinery was constructed, and

      • (iii) the form and location of identification symbols of the approved classification society on the machinery;

    • (b) in the case of machinery that has been installed in a ship, valid certificates of periodic class survey by an exclusive surveyor to an approved classification society are submitted to the Board;

    • (c) the inspector determines, on the basis of the first periodic general inspection,

      • (i) in the case of machinery referred to in subsection (1), that the machinery conforms to standards and specifications set out in regulations in force at the time the machinery was constructed, and

      • (ii) in the case of machinery referred to in subsection (2), that the machinery conforms to design specifications set out in regulations in force at the time the machinery was constructed; and

    • (d) in the case of a pressure vessel, certificates of an approved classification society under the rules and codes of which the pressure, vessel was constructed, showing that the manufacturer’s construction and testing facilities were in compliance with those rules or codes, are submitted to the Board.

  • (4) Where a first periodic special inspection is not required pursuant to subsection (3), a periodic special inspection shall be carried out on the due date of the next periodic special survey of the approved classification society under which the ship is classed.

  • (5) Notwithstanding subsection 6(1), a first periodic general inspection of machinery referred to in subsection (1) may take place prior to submission of the plans of the machinery where the applicable certificates referred to in subsection (3) have been submitted to the Board.

  • (6) Plans of machinery referred to in subsection (1) shall be submitted to the Board on a day that is not later than three months prior to the first periodic special inspection of the machinery.

  • (7) Where, in accordance with paragraph (3)(a), a certificate has been submitted to the Board and the machinery bears the identification symbol of the approved classification society, the component inspection certificate set out in Schedule XVIII is not required to be issued.

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), machinery referred to in Schedules I to XV that is installed in a foreign ship that was previously registered in Canada before the coming into force of these Regulations and is re-registered in Canada after the coming into force of these Regulations shall be subject to a periodic general inspection and a periodic special inspection.

  • (2) The periodic special inspection referred to in subsection (1) is not required where

    • (a) the inspector determines on the basis of the periodic general inspection that the machinery conforms to standards and specifications set out in regulations in force at the time the machinery was constructed; and

    • (b) valid certificates of periodic class survey by an exclusive surveyor to an approved classification society are submitted to the Board.

  • (3) Where a periodic special inspection is not required pursuant to subsection (2), a periodic special inspection shall be carried out on the due date of the next periodic special survey of the approved classification society under which the ship is classed.

SCHEDULE ISteam Boilers Having a Design Working Pressure Exceeding 350 kPa

PART I(Section 4)Design Specifications

ItemRequirements
1None.

PART II(Section 6)Plans

ItemRequired Information
1General arrangement of the installation of the steam boiler in the ship showing means of support.
2Design working pressure, temperature and evaporation rate.
3Heating surface area of the steam boiler, and where fitted, of the superheater and economizer.
4Materials, sizes and arrangement of parts under pressure, including superheaters, economizers and valves.
5Details of welded seams, openings, connections, attachments and supports, including details of welding materials, methods and procedures.
6Details of the heat treatment process and testing procedures.
7Pressure setting, relieving capacity and venting arrangements of safety valves.
8Arrangements and details of steam boiler feed-water controls, monitors and alarms, including emergency controls.
9Materials, components, sizes and arrangements of fuel combustion systems, including fuel supply, combustion air supply, air preheaters, exhaust uptakes and combustion controls, monitors and alarms, including emergency controls.

PART III(Subsection 12(2))Construction and Installation Inspections

DIVISION IConstruction Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Identification from material test certificates, before construction is commenced, of materials to be used, including welding metal, and of physical properties and mechanical test results obtained from material testing carried out in accordance with these Regulations.
2Verification that welding was carried out by welders certified by a Provincial Government of Canada, or another authority having similar standards where the welding was carried out outside Canada, for the class of work to be done.
3Inspection of welds including non-destructive test examination and verification of the heat treatment process in accordance with rules or codes.
4Verification of plate preparation and alignment prior to assembly and, on completion of all construction operations, confirmation of circularity of shells.
5Identification from the component inspection certificates of components related to the safety of the boiler.
6Inspection of components and their installation, including tubes and tube plates.
7Inspection of the constructed steam boiler.
8Witnessing of hydrostatic pressure tests in accordance with rules or codes.

DIVISION IIInstallation Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Verification of correct alignment of securing arrangements.
2Verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of the connection of the steam boiler to steam, feed-water, blowdown and surface blow systems.
3Verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of fuel, combustion air supply and exhaust gas systems, including burners, air fans and air preheaters.
4Verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of safety, control and monitoring devices.
5Inspection of safety valve relieving capacity in respect of the maximum evaporation capacity of the steam boiler.
6Witnessing of hydrostatic pressure tests at the assigned working pressure.
7Verification of reliability and sufficiency under trials up to full power under normal working conditions for a suitable endurance period of not less than 2 hours, taking into consideration the size and complexity of the steam boiler.

PART IVPeriodic General Inspections and Periodic Special Inspections

DIVISION I(Section 19)Periodic General Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Correct adjustment and operational condition of safety valves.
2Correct adjustment and operational condition of water gauges and steam boiler valves.
3Locations where fluid leakage, metal overheating or metal wastage may occur.
4Correct adjustment and operational condition of emergency fuel shut-off valves.
5Correct adjustment of controls and monitoring systems of feed-water and fuel and its combustion.
6Operational condition of alarm systems, particularly where the boiler is designed for non-continuous local supervision.

DIVISION IIPeriodic Special Inspection

SUBDIVISION I(Subsection 20(1))Parts to be Inspected
ItemRequirements
1Internal steam and liquid spaces, as far as practicable, of the boiler, superheater and economizer, with all spaces cleaned and removable components removed and where, due to construction features, an adequate internal inspection cannot be carried out, a hydrostatic pressure test of 1.25 times the assigned working pressure of the boiler.
2Access and inspection openings.
3Boiler mountings, including safety valves and water-level gauges, following opening up and cleaning.
4Float chambers and float mechanisms on feed-water regulators, following opening up and cleaning.
5Pipes, actuators and other components, incorporated in self regulating and monitoring systems, as far as practicable, without dismantling if the general condition of the component shows that it is suitable for further service.
6Emergency fuel shut-off devices.
7Combustion spaces following cleaning, excluding uptakes and air preheaters unless there is apparent damage, improper operation or deteriorated condition of the uptakes or air preheaters.
8Seams, mountings, seatings, rolling stays, collision chocks and welded attachments, following the removal of insulation and sheathing to the extent considered necessary by the inspector on the basis of the general condition of the boiler.
9Plate thickness testing or hydrostatic pressure testing or other non-destructive testing, if there is apparent damage, improper operation or deteriorated condition of the boiler.
SUBDIVISION II(Subsection 20(2))Intervals
ItemRequirements
1Combustion air fans and driving components, at intervals not exceeding 5 years and all other components, at intervals not exceeding 24 months.

SCHEDULE IILow-Pressure Steam Boilers Having a Design Working Pressure Not Exceeding 350 kPa and Hot-Water Boilers Having a Design Working Pressure Not Exceeding 1 100 kPa or a Design Temperature Not Exceeding 120°C

PART I(Section 4)Design Specifications

ItemRequirements
1None.

PART II(Section 6)Plans

ItemRequired Information
1General arrangement of the installation of the boiler in the ship, showing means of support.
2Design working pressure, temperature and evaporation rate for steam or flow rate for water.
3Heating surface area of the boiler.
4Materials, sizes and arrangements of parts under pressure, including valves.
5Details of welded seams, openings, connections, attachments and supports, including details of welding materials, methods and procedures.
6Pressure setting, relieving capacity and venting arrangement of safety valves.
7Arrangements and details of boiler feed-water controls, monitors and alarms, including emergency controls.
8Diagrammatic arrangements of fuel supply, combustion air supply, combustion controls, monitors and alarms, including emergency controls and a written description of the combustion controls.
9Where a manufacturer of a boiler certifies that the boiler was constructed in accordance with rules or codes, information set out in items 2 to 7 is not required to be submitted
  • (a) where the boiler is a steam boiler if the design working pressure of the boiler does not exceed 103 kPa; and

  • (b) where the boiler is a hot-water boiler if the design working pressure of the boiler does not exceed 210 kPa and the temperature of the hot water in the boiler will not exceed 98°C.

PART III(Subsection 12(2))Construction and Installation Inspections

DIVISION IConstruction Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Identification from material test certificates, before construction is commenced, of materials to be used, including welding metal, and of physical properties and mechanical test results obtained from material testing carried out in accordance with these Regulations.
2Verification that welding was carried out by welders certified by a Provincial Government of Canada, or another authority having similar standards where the welding was carried out outside Canada, for the class of work to be done.
3Inspection of welds, including non-destructive test examination and verification of the heat treatment process in accordance with rules or codes.
4Verification of plate preparation and alignment prior to assembly and, on completion of all construction operations, confirmation of circularity of shells of the low-pressure steam boiler or of the hot-water boiler.
5Identification from the component inspection certificates of components related to the safety of the low-pressure boiler.
6Inspection of components and their installation, including tubes and tube plates.
7Inspection of the constructed low-pressure boiler.
8Witnessing of an hydrostatic pressure test in accordance with rules or codes.

DIVISION IIInstallation Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Verification of correct alignment of securing arrangements.
2Verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of the connection of the boiler to associated systems.
3Verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of safety, control and monitoring devices.
4Witnessing of hydrostatic pressure tests at the assigned working pressure.
5Verification of reliability and sufficiency under trials up to full power under normal working conditions for a suitable endurance period of not less than 2 hours, taking into consideration the size and complexity of the boiler.

PART IVPeriodic General Inspections and Periodic Special Inspections

DIVISION I(Section 19)Periodic General Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Correct adjustment and operational condition of safety valves.
2Operational condition of water gauges and boiler valves.
3Locations where fluid leakage, metal overheating or metal wastage may occur.
4Correct adjustment and operational condition of emergency fuel shut-off valves.
5Correct adjustment of controls and monitoring systems of feed-water and fuel and its combustion.
6Operational condition of alarm systems, particularly where the boiler is designed for non-continuous local supervision.

DIVISION IIPeriodic Special Inspection

SUBDIVISION I(Subsection 20(1))Parts to be Inspected
ItemRequirements
1Internal steam and liquid spaces, as far as practicable, with all spaces cleaned and removable components removed and where, due to construction features, an adequate internal inspection cannot be carried out, a hydrostatic pressure test of 1.25 times the assigned working pressure of the boiler.
2Access and inspection openings.
3Boiler mountings, including safety valves and water-level gauges, following opening up and cleaning.
4Float chambers and float mechanisms on feed-water regulators, following opening up and cleaning.
5Pipes, actuators and other components, incorporated in self-regulating and monitoring systems, as far as practicable, without dismantling, where the general condition of the pipes, actuators and other components is adequate for further use.
6Emergency fuel shut-off devices.
7Combustion spaces following cleaning, excluding uptakes unless there is apparent damage, improper operation or deteriorated condition of the uptakes.
8Seams, mountings, seatings and welded attachments, following the removal of insulation and sheathing to the extent considered necessary by the inspector on the basis of the general condition of the boiler.
9Plate thickness testing or hydrostatic pressure testing or other non-destructive testing, if there is apparent damage, improper operation or deteriorated condition of the boiler.
10Except where, on the basis of the periodic general inspection, there is apparent damage, improper operation or deteriorated condition of components, items 1 to 9 do not apply to
  • (a) a steam boiler, the design working pressure of which does not exceed 103 kPa; and

  • (b) a hot-water boiler, the design working pressure of which does not exceed 210 kPa pressure and temperature of the hot water does not exceed 98°C.

SUBDIVISION II(Subsection 20(2))Intervals
ItemRequirements
1At intervals not exceeding 24 months.

SCHEDULE IIIUnfired Pressure Vessels

PART I(Section 4)Design Specifications

ItemRequirements
1None.

PART II(Section 6)Plans

ItemRequired Information
1General arrangement of the installation of the unfired pressure vessel in the ship, showing means of support.
2Design working pressure, temperature, volume and nature of fluid under pressure.
3Materials, sizes and arrangement of parts under pressure, including valves.
4Details of welded seams, openings, connections, attachments and supports, including details of welding materials, methods and procedures.
5Details of the heat treatment process and testing procedures.
6Diagrammatic arrangement and a written description of the pressure source and heat exchange, as applicable, including cut-offs and alarms.
7Pressure setting, relieving capacity and venting arrangements of safety or liquid relief valves.
8Details of fusible plugs or similar devices required to protect vessels from over-pressure caused by fire or other heat hazards.
9Where a manufacturer of an unfired pressure vessel or a hydro-pneumatic tank certifies that the unfired pressure vessel or hydro-pneumatic tank was constructed in accordance with rules or codes, information set out in items 2 to 8 is not required to be submitted for
  • (a) the unfired pressure vessel if it contains only non-flammable liquid with a design working pressure not exceeding 700 kPa and a temperature not exceeding 98°C;

  • (b) the hydro-pneumatic tank if the tank has a design working pressure not exceeding 700 kPa and a temperature not exceeding 98°C, except sprinkler and foam tanks for use in fire-fighting;

  • (c) the unfired pressure vessel has a design working pressure not exceeding 103 kPa;

  • (d) the unfired pressure vessel has a volume under pressure not exceeding 150 L and a design working pressure not exceeding 700 kPa;

  • (e) the unfired pressure vessel has an internal volume not exceeding 45 L that has no limit on pressure;

  • (f) the unfired pressure vessel has an internal diameter not exceeding 150 mm that has no limit on pressure; or

  • (g) the unfired pressure vessel is a component in a refrigerating gas system in which the compressor does not absorb power in excess of 10 kW.

PART III(Subsection 12(2))Construction and Installation Inspections

DIVISION IConstruction Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Identification from material test certificates, before construction is commenced, of materials to be used, including welding metal, and of physical properties and mechanical test results obtained from material testing carried out in accordance with these Regulations.
2Verification that welding was carried out by welders certified by a Provincial Government of Canada, or another authority having similar standards where the welding was carried out outside Canada, for the class of work to be done.
3Inspection of welds including non-destructive test examination and verification of the heat treatment process in accordance with rules or codes.
4Verification of plate preparation and alignment prior to assembly and, on completion of all construction operations, confirmation of circularity of shells.
5Identification from component inspection certificates of components related to the safety of the unfired pressure vessel.
6Inspection of components and their installation, including tubes and tube plates.
7Inspection of the constructed unfired pressure vessel.
8Witnessing of hydrostatic pressure tests in accordance with rules or codes.

DIVISION IIInstallation Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Verification of correct alignment of securing arrangements.
2Verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of the connection of the unfired pressure vessel to associated systems.
3Verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of safety, control and monitoring devices.
4Verification of reliability and sufficiency under trials up to the assigned working pressure under normal working conditions for a suitable endurance period, taking into consideration the size and complexity of the unfired pressure vessel and its pressure source.

PART IVPeriodic General Inspections and Periodic Special Inspections

DIVISION I(Section 19)Periodic General Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Correct adjustment and operational condition of safety devices.
2Operational condition of liquid gauges and attached valves.
3Locations where fluid leakage, metal wastage or metal deformation may occur.
4Correct adjustment of controls and monitoring systems.
5Operational condition of alarm systems, particularly where the unfired pressure vessel is designed for non-continuous local supervision.

DIVISION IIPeriodic Special Inspection

SUBDIVISION I(Subsection 20(1))Parts to be Inspected
ItemRequirements
1Internal fluid spaces as far as practicable with all spaces clean and removable components removed and where, due to construction features, an adequate internal inspection cannot be carried out, a hydrostatic pressure test of 1.25 times the assigned working pressure of the spaces.
2Access and inspection openings and fusible plugs where fitted.
3Pressure-vessel mountings, including safety valves and liquid-level gauges, without opening up and cleaning unless there is apparent damage, improper operation or deteriorated condition of those components.
4Float chambers and float mechanisms on liquid-level regulators, following opening up and cleaning.
5Pipes, actuators and other components, incorporated in self-regulating and monitoring systems, as far as is practicable, without dismantling where their general condition shows that they are suitable for further service.
6Seams, mountings, seatings and welded attachments, following the removal of insulation and sheathing, to the extent considered necessary by the inspector, on the basis of the general condition of the unfired pressure vessel.
7Except where, on the basis of the periodic general inspection, there is apparent damage, improper operation or deteriorated condition of components, items 1 to 6 do not apply where
  • (a) the assigned working pressure does not exceed 103 kPa;

  • (b) the internal diameter does not exceed 150 mm;

  • (c) the volume or part thereof above the normal working level of a liquid does not exceed

    • (i) 45 L, or

    • (ii) 150 L when the assigned working pressure does not exceed 700 kPa; or

  • (d) the unfired pressure vessel is a component in a refrigerating gas system in which the gas compressor does not absorb power in excess of 10 kW.

SUBDIVISION II(Subsection 20(2))Intervals
ItemRequirements
1Steam-heated steam generators, at intervals not exceeding 2 years.
2Water evaporators and steam condensers, at intervals not exceeding 5 years.
3Unfired pressure vessels containing air or air and water under pressure, at intervals not exceeding 5 years.
4Unfired pressure vessels containing non-corrosive liquid or non-corrosive liquid and gas under pressure, at intervals not exceeding 20 years.
5Liquid tubular heat exchangers with one fluid side opened up, at intervals not exceeding 5 years, and without further dismantling unless dismantling is considered necessary by the inspector on the basis of the general condition of the heat exchangers.

SCHEDULE IVReciprocating Engines

PART I(Section 4)Design Specifications

DIVISION IInternal Combustion Oil Engines

ItemRequirements
1None.

DIVISION IISteam Reciprocating Engines

ItemRequirements
1None.

PART II(Section 6)Plans

DIVISION IInternal Combustion Oil Engines

ItemRequired Information
1General arrangement of the installation of the engine in the ship, showing all connected systems.
2General arrangement and sectional elevation of the engine, including crankcase doors and means of engine support.
3Specifications indicating maximum continuous brake power and corresponding revolutions per minute, number of strokes per cycle, number and firing order of cylinders, bore and stroke dimensions, maximum and mean indicated pressures, full details of balance weights, full details of flywheel and physical properties of the principal parts.
4Details of pressure charging, scavenging and exhaust arrangements including mechanisms, piping and pipe connections, type and amount of insulation and method of securing to allow for thermal expansion and vibration.
5Details of all cylinders, cylinder covers, pistons, piston rods, connecting rods and bearings and of the crankshaft and bedplate.
6Details of the fuel injection system.
7Details of lubricating-oil, cooling-water and other attached pumping systems.
8Details of starting arrangements.
9Details of controls including reversing arrangements.
10Details of speed-regulating governors and other safety devices.
11Details of temperature-monitoring devices.
12Details of crankcase venting, crankcase explosion relief valves and other protection devices.
13Details of engine turning gear.
14Torsional vibration analysis of shafting system.
15Information set out in items 2 to 14 is not required to be submitted for the following internal combustion oil engines, namely, an engine
  • (a) with a continuous brake power not in excess of 112 kW;

  • (b) with a continuous brake power in excess of 112 kW but not in excess of 375 kW, where the manufacturer submits the following documented information, namely,

    • (i) model and serial number and type of engine,

    • (ii) number of cylinders, bore and stroke dimensions,

    • (iii) maximum continuous brake power and the corresponding revolutions per minute,

    • (iv) volume of the engine crankcase and full details of crankcase explosion relief valves, where the cylinder bore is in excess of 200 mm,

    • (v) name of the manufacturer and model of the speed-regulating governor,

    • (vi) relieving pressure and capacity of cylinder-head relief valves, and

    • (vii) test data up to full power taken from a representative engine of the same model;

  • (c) that is a portable equipment prime mover, unless of unusual design; or

  • (d) that is a lifeboat engine that meets the requirements of the Lifesaving Equipment Regulations.

DIVISION IISteam Reciprocating Engines

ItemRequired Information
1General arrangement of the installation of the engine in the ship, showing all connected systems.
2General arrangement and sectional elevation of the engine and means of support.
3Specifications showing the indicated power and corresponding revolutions per minute, number of cylinders, bore and stroke dimensions, maximum pressure per cylinder, full details of flywheel and physical properties of principal parts.
4Details of all cylinders, cylinder covers, pistons, piston rods, connecting rods and bearings and of the crankshaft and bedplate.
5Details of lubricating oil systems and other attached pumping systems.
6Details of controls, including reversing arrangements.
7Details of speed-regulating governors and other safety devices.
8Details of crankcase venting.
9Details of engine turning gear.
10Where a manufacturer of a steam reciprocating engine certifies that the engine was constructed in accordance with rules or codes, information set out in items 2 to 9 is not required to be submitted for the steam reciprocating engine if it is not in excess of 375 kW continuous brake power.

PART III(Subsection 12(2))Construction and Installation Inspections

DIVISION IConstruction Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Identification from material test certificates, before construction is commenced, of materials to be used, including welding metal, for the following parts:
  • (a) crankshafts, bearings and bolts;

  • (b) pistons, piston rods, connecting rods, guides, crossheads, bearings and bolts;

  • (c) cylinders, cylinder liners, cylinder covers, valves, valve mechanisms, pillars and bolts;

  • (d) bedplates and frames; and

  • (e) pressure charging and scavenging mechanisms for internal combustion oil engines.

2Verification that welding was carried out by welders certified by a Provincial Government of Canada, or another authority having similar standards where the welding was carried out outside Canada, for the class of work to be done.
3Inspection of welds including non-destructive test examination and verification of any heat treatment required in accordance with rules or codes.
4Identification of components from component inspection certificates and inspection of components and their installation, including engine-driven pumps.
5Witnessing of hydrostatic pressure tests of components in accordance with rules or codes.
6Inspection of the constructed engine and witnessing of the engine under test.

DIVISION IIInstallation Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Verification of correct alignment of securing arrangements.
2Verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of the connection of the engine to associated systems.
3Verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of safety, control and monitoring devices.
4Verification of reliability and sufficiency under trials up to full power under normal working conditions for a suitable endurance period of not less than 2 hours, taking into consideration the size and the complexity of the steam reciprocating engine or the internal combustion oil engine.

PART IVPeriodic General Inspections and Periodic Special Inspections

DIVISION I(Section 19)Periodic General Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Operational condition of the engine.
2Correct adjustment and operational condition of safety devices.
3Locations where fluid leakage, metal wastage, overheating, heavy vibration or excessive bearing clearances may occur.
4Correct adjustment of controls and monitoring systems.
5Operational condition of alarm systems.

DIVISION IIPeriodic Special Inspection

SUBDIVISION I(Subsection 20(1))Parts to be Inspected
ItemRequirements
1Crankcase, crankshaft, bearings and bolts.
2Pistons, piston rods, connecting rods, guides, cross-heads, bearings and bolts except that removal of thrust bearing components that are an integral part of an engine is not required if tolerances meet the manufacturer’s specifications and there is no apparent damage or deterioration.
3Cylinders, covers, valves, and valve mechanisms.
4Crankcase doors, explosion relief devices and other safety devices.
5Crankcase venting arrangement.
6Pressure charging, scavenging and exhaust systems for internal combustion oil engines.
7Attached pumps.
8Starting mechanisms and clutch gears for internal combustion oil engines.
9Reversing and speed-regulating mechanisms.
10Bedplate, engine structure and fastenings, without dismantling if a general examination indicates that the condition of the components is adequate for further service.
11No periodic special inspection is required for speed-regulating governors and other complex mechanisms, where written information is provided to the inspector by firms specializing in the reconditioning of these parts indicating that the parts are in good order and adjustment.
12For an internal combustion engine not in excess of 450 kW continuous brake power, the removal of pistons and dismantling of bearings is not required if examination of the cylinder cover and crankcase indicates that the condition of the engine is adequate for further service.
SUBDIVISION II(Subsection 20(2))Intervals
ItemRequirements
1For steam reciprocating engines, at intervals not exceeding 5 years.
2Subject to item 3, for internal combustion oil engines, at intervals of not more than 5 years.
3

For internal combustion oil engines on the following ships, namely,

  • (a) passenger ships on voyages not beyond Home Trade Class IV and Minor Waters Class I;

  • (b) multi-engined passenger ships, on voyages not beyond Home Trade Class III or Inland Waters Class I;

  • (c) non-passenger ships, excluding tankers, chemical carriers and liquefied gas carriers, on voyages not beyond Home Trade Class II;

  • (d) tankers, chemical carriers and liquefied gas carriers on voyages not beyond Home Trade Class IV and Minor Waters Class I; and

  • (e) multi-engined tankers, chemical carriers and liquefied gas carriers, on voyages not beyond Home Trade Class III or Inland Waters Class I,

after completion of the manufacturer’s recommended running hours but at intervals of not less than 5 years, on the basis of documentary evidence presented to the inspector, or at intervals of 8 years, whichever comes first, if, where the periodic general inspection is carried out annually, at the fifth and subsequent periodic general inspections the engine is in good order based on

  • (f) engine operation;

  • (g) engine operation records indicating total engine running hours, lubricating oil analysis and maintenance work carried out; and

  • (h) a crankcase inspection where considered necessary by the inspector.

  • SOR/2015-161, ss. 5, 6(F)

SCHEDULE VTurbine Engines

PART I(Section 4)Design Specifications

DIVISION ISteam Turbine Engines

ItemRequirements
1None.

DIVISION IIGas Turbine Engines

ItemRequirements
1None.

PART II(Section 6)Plans

DIVISION ISteam Turbine Engines

ItemRequired Information
1General arrangement of the installation of the engine in the ship, showing all connected systems.
2General arrangement and sectional elevation of the engine and means of support.
3Specifications for ahead and astern turbines indicating maximum continuous brake power and corresponding revolutions per minute, steam pressures and temperatures at turbine inlet and exhaust, full details of cylinders, rotors, nozzles, blades, couplings and clutches, full details of physical properties of principal parts, details of forgings, castings and weldments, details of the heat treatment process and testing procedures.
4Details of bearings and lubricating oil systems.
5Details of controls including reversing arrangements.
6Details of speed-regulating governors, lubricating oil failure-protection arrangements and other safety devices.
7Details of engine turning gear.
8Details of critical speeds of rotating assemblies including vibration analyses.

DIVISION IIGas Turbine Engines

ItemRequired Information
1General arrangement of the installation of the engine in the ship, showing all connected systems.
2General arrangement and sectional elevation of the engine and means of support.
3Specifications of the turbine and compressor indicating maximum continuous brake power and corresponding revolutions per minute, gas pressures and temperatures, full details of casings, combustion chambers, rotors, nozzles, blades, heat exchangers, couplings and clutches, full details of physical properties of principal parts, details of forgings, castings and weldments, details of the heat treatment process and testing procedures.
4Details of fuel system including fuel oil viscosities required for starting and running.
5Details of air inlet and exhaust arrangements.
6Details of controls including means of starting and of fuel ignition.
7Details of bearings and of lubricating oil systems.
8Details of speed-regulating governors, lubricating oil failure protection arrangements and other safety devices.
9Details of engine turning gear.
10Details of critical speeds of rotating assemblies including vibration analyses.
11Information set out in items 1 to 10 is not required to be submitted for
  • (a) gas turbine engines not in excess of 375 kW continuous brake power;

  • (b) portable gas turbine engines; or

  • (c) gas turbine engines driven by exhaust gases from a reciprocating-type internal combustion oil engine, except that information respecting a gas turbine for a reciprocating-type internal combustion oil engine shall be submitted in accordance with Schedule IV.

PART III(Subsection 12(2))Construction and Installation Inspections

DIVISION IConstruction Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Identification from material test certificates, before construction is commenced, of materials to be used, including welding metal, for the following parts:
  • (a) turbine cylinder assembly, including covers, discs, nozzles, blades and bolts;

  • (b) turbine rotor assembly including discs, blades and bolts;

  • (c) valves, pipes, couplings, clutches, bearings and bolts;

  • (d) compressor cylinder and rotor assembly for a gas turbine; and

  • (e) combustion chamber and heat exchanger for a gas turbine.

2Verification that welding was carried out by welders certified by a Provincial Government of Canada, or another authority having similar standards where the welding was carried out outside Canada, for the class of work to be done.
3Inspection of welds, including non-destructive test examination and verification of any required heat treatment process in accordance with rules or codes.
4Verification of rotor balance and thermal stability testing in accordance with rules or codes.
5Identification of components from component inspection certificates and inspection of components and their installation.
6Witnessing of hydrostatic pressure tests of components in accordance with rules or codes.
7Inspection of the constructed engine and witnessing of the engine operation under test.

DIVISION IIInstallation Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Verification of correct alignment of securing arrangements.
2Verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of the connection of the engine to associated systems.
3Verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of safety, control and monitoring devices.
4Verification of reliability and sufficiency under trials up to full power under normal working conditions for a suitable endurance period of not less than 2 hours, taking into consideration the size and the complexity of the gas turbine engine or steam turbine engine.

PART IVPeriodic General and Special Inspections

DIVISION I(Section 19)Periodic General Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Operational condition of the engine.
2Correct adjustment and operational condition of safety devices.
3Locations where fluid leakage, metal wastage, overheating, heavy vibration or excessive bearing clearance may occur.
4Correct adjustment of controls and monitoring systems.
5Operational condition of alarm systems, particularly where the engine is designed for non-continuous local supervision.

DIVISION IIPeriodic Special Inspection

SUBDIVISION I(Subsection 20(1))Parts to be Inspected
ItemRequirements
1Casings, glands, nozzles, blades, valves and valve mechanisms.
2Rotors, blades, couplings, thrusts, bearings and bolts.
3Speed-regulating governors and other safety devices.
4Attached pumps.
5Compressors, combustion chambers, heat exchangers, air inlet, fuel and exhaust, and starting system for a gas turbine engine.
6Engine structure and fastenings without dismantling if a general examination shows that the condition of the components is adequate for further service.
7No inspection is required for speed-regulating governors and other complex mechanisms where written information is provided to the inspector by firms specializing in the reconditioning of those mechanisms, indicating that the parts are in good order and adjustment.
SUBDIVISION II(Subsection 20(2))Intervals
ItemRequirements
1For gas turbine engines and steam turbine engines, at intervals not exceeding 5 years.
2Notwithstanding item 1, the first lifting of the casing and rotor of a steam turbine engine that has more than one propulsion ahead turbine with an emergency crossover arrangement is deferred until the engine is 10 years old if the inspector is satisfied that the turbine is in good operating condition based on the records of the vibration indicator, the rotor position indicator and the turbine operation.
  • SOR/2015-161, s. 7(F)

SCHEDULE VIReversing and Reduction Gearing, Shafting Systems and Propellers

PART I(Section 4)Design Specifications

DIVISION IReversing and Reduction Gearing

ItemRequirements
1None.

DIVISION IIShafting Systems

ItemRequirements
1Screw shafts shall be made of
  • (a) carbon steel protected from exposure to water in the stern bearing by a corrosion-resistant continuous liner, or non-continuous liners between each of which is a welded joint or a suitable bonded coating;

  • (b) carbon steel protected from exposure to water by means of an oil lubricated stern bearing with internal and external glands;

  • (c) corrosion resistant metal in accordance with rules or codes; or

  • (d) carbon steel not fitted with the methods of water exposure protection referred to in subitem (a) or (b).

2The screw shaft shall have the propeller attached by means of
  • (a) a suitable shaft taper with a keyway that is

    • (i) in sled runner form, or

    • (ii) in a form where the top end is well rounded and smoothed off, with an adequate root radius;

  • (b) a suitable shaft taper with no keyway; or

  • (c) a coupling flange.

DIVISION IIIPropellers

ItemRequirements
1None.

PART II(Section 6)Plans

DIVISION IReversing and Reduction Gearing

ItemRequired Information
1General arrangement of the installation of the gearing in the ship, showing all connected systems.
2General arrangement and sectional elevation of the gearing unit, including means of gearcase support.
3Specifications indicating maximum input torque and corresponding revolutions per minute for each pinion, details of pinions and wheels, number of teeth, pitch, form and helix angles, details of wheel-rim attachment, gear-cutting and post-cutting processes, physical properties of principal parts, details of forgings, castings and weldments, details of the heat treatment process and testing procedures.
4Details of gearcase, including access openings and venting arrangements.
5Details of shafting systems, including couplings, clutches, reversing gear where fitted, and balancing and vibration analyses.
6Details of bearings, lubricating oil systems and temperature monitoring devices.
7Information set out in items 2 to 6 is not required to be submitted for a gearing system
  • (a) not in excess of 225 kW continuous brake power; or

  • (b) over 225 kW and not in excess of 375 kW continuous brake power, where the manufacturer submits the following documented information:

    • (i) model and serial number and type of gearing,

    • (ii) maximum continuous input torque and corresponding revolutions per minute,

    • (iii) gearing reduction, and

    • (iv) test data up to full power taken from a representative gearing system of the same model.

DIVISION IIShafting Systems for Propulsion, Electrical Generators and Motors

ItemRequired Information
1General arrangement of the propulsion shafting, the electrical generator shafting and motor shafting in the ship, showing all connected systems.
2General arrangement and sectional elevation of the shafting systems, detailing attachments to driving and driven members and means of support.
3Specifications indicating maximum input power and corresponding revolutions per minute, alignment of shafting system and bearing type and loading, physical properties of materials and testing procedures.
4For ship propulsion shafting systems, details of
  • (a) intermediate, thrust and screw shafts including liners, in particular protective coating for carbon steel screw shafts with non-continuous liners;

  • (b) intermediate, thrust, stern and “A” bracket bearings;

  • (c) stern bushes and stern glands including their attachments to the ship;

  • (d) shaft lubrication arrangements; and

  • (e) critical speed of rotating assembly including vibration analysis.

5Information set out in items 2 to 4 is not required to be submitted for shafting systems
  • (a) not in excess of 225 kW continuous brake power on ship propulsion systems; or

  • (b) not in excess of 375 kW continuous brake power in ship service electrical generators and motors.

DIVISION IIIFixed Pitch, Controllable Pitch and Directional Propellers

ItemRequired Information
1General arrangement of the propeller, including details of fastening arrangement to the shafting systems.
2Specifications indicating maximum input power and corresponding revolutions per minute, physical properties of materials, stress calculations and testing procedures.
3Details of hub, hub mechanisms, seals, blade connections, control devices and locations.
4Details of blade form and degree of controllability of pitch.
5Information set out in items 2 to 4 is not required to be submitted for propellers not in excess of 225 kW continuous brake power.

PART III(Subsection 12(2))Construction and Installation Inspections

DIVISION IConstruction Inspection

ItemRequirements
Reversing and Reduction Gearing
1Identification from material test certificates, before construction is commenced, of materials to be used, including welding metal, for the following parts:
  • (a) shafting, pinions, wheels, couplings, clutches, and bolts; and

  • (b) gearcase, bearings, piping, valves, and bolts.

2Verification that welding was carried out by welders certified by a Provincial Government of Canada, or another authority having similar standards where the welding was carried out outside Canada, for the class of work to be done.
3Inspection of welds, including non-destructive test examination and verification of any required heat treatment process in accordance with rules or codes.
4Verification of correct wheel-rim cutting, gear-cutting and post-cutting processes.
5Verification of correct balance of rotating components.
6Identification of components from component inspection certificates and inspection of components and their installation.
7Inspection of the completed gearcase and witnessing of the gearing operation under test conditions.
Shafting Systems for Propulsion, Electrical Generators and Motors
8Identification from material test or component inspection certificates, before construction is commenced, of materials to be used for the following parts:
  • (a) electrical generator and motor shafts, ship propulsion intermediate, thrust and screw shafts, including liners and bolts; and

  • (b) intermediate, thrust, stern and “A” bracket bearings and stern bushes.

9Inspection of the constructed components and confirmation of correct liner installation.
Fixed Pitch, Controllable Pitch and Directional Propellers
10Identification from material test or component inspection certificates, before construction is commenced, of materials to be used for propellers, nuts, glands, keys, cones and, as applicable, hubs, blades, nuts, pitch and directional control mechanisms.
11Inspection of assembled components, including non-destructive test examination as required by the inspector.

DIVISION IIInstallation Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Verification of correct alignment of securing arrangements.
2Verification of correct adjustment and operational condition the gearing, shafting systems, propellers and their connections to associated systems.
3Verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of safety, control and monitoring devices.
4Verification of reliability and sufficiency under trials up to full power capacity under normal working conditions for a suitable endurance period of not less than 2 hours, taking into consideration the size and complexity of the reversing and reduction gearing, shafting systems and propellers.

PART IVPeriodic General Inspections and Periodic Special Inspections

DIVISION I(Section 19)Periodic General Inspection

ItemRequirements
Reversing and Reduction Gearing
1Operational condition of the gearing system.
2Operational condition of the reversing system in reversing and reduction gearing.
3Operational condition of the lubricating oil system.
4Correct adjustment and operational condition of safety devices.
5Locations where fluid leakage, overheating, heavy vibration or excessive gland or bearing clearances may occur.
6Correct adjustment of controls and monitoring systems.
7Operational condition of alarm systems, particularly where the reversing and reduction gearing is designed for non-continuous local supervision.
Shafting Systems for Propulsion, Electrical Generators and Motors
8Operational condition of the lubricating fluid system.
9Locations where overheating, vibration, fractures, excessive gland or bearing clearances may occur.
10Screw shaft inspection, as far as practicable, without withdrawal, at the time of each dry-docking with the stern bearing wear-down being determined and recorded.
Fixed Pitch, Controllable Pitch and Directional Propellers
11Operational condition of the propellers.
12Correct adjustment of all controls and monitoring systems of controllable pitch and directional propellers.
13Controllable pitch and directional propellers for any evidence of control fluid leakage.
14Operational condition of all alarm systems for controllable pitch and directional propellers.

DIVISION IIPeriodic Special Inspection

SUBDIVISION I(Subsection 20(1))Parts to be Inspected
ItemRequirements
Reversing and Reduction Gearing
1Subject to item 2, casing, pinions, wheels, shafts, couplings, clutches, glands, thrust bearing and selected other bearings, following removal of casing main cover.
2Removal of casing main cover is not required if vibration or oil analysis, inspection through inspection doors and condition monitoring shows that the condition of the components is adequate for further service.
3Gear-case ventilating system and safety devices.
4Oil-flow indicating, filtering and temperature monitoring devices.
Shafting Systems for Propulsion, Electrical Generators and Motors
5For intermediate shafts, thrust shafts, electrical generators and motor shafts
  • (a) bearings, thrust pads and shaft surfaces following lifting of the upper half of the bearing and removal of thrust pads, and the lower half of the bearing shall be exposed if alignment and wear are unacceptable in accordance with rules or codes and the manufacturer’s recommendations;

  • (b) bearing securing arrangements; and

  • (c) lubricating oil system and temperature monitoring devices.

6For screw shafts,
  • (a) shaft surfaces, liners, glands, key and keyway, nuts, locking devices and, as far as practicable, the stern bearing and tube, following shaft withdrawal; and

  • (b) uncoated surfaces of water lubricated carbon steel shafts adjacent to the ends of the non-continuous liners and at the forward end of the sharp edged keyway by means of a magnetic-particle, dye-penetrant or other crack detection method.

Fixed Pitch, Controllable Pitch and Directional Propellers
7For fixed pitch propellers,
  • (a) the propeller, the nut, locking devices and cone, following removal from the shaft; and

  • (b) installation of the propeller to the shaft in respect of correct propeller reassembly on the shaft.

8For controllable pitch or directional propellers,
  • (a) operating-fluid systems and blade-position control devices;

  • (b) blades, hub and internal gearing;

  • (c) installation in respect of correct reassembly and operation; and

  • (d) all items, where applicable, set out in Division I, following completion of special periodic inspection.

SUBDIVISION II(Subsection 20(2))Intervals
ItemRequirements
Reversing and Reduction Gearing
1At intervals not exceeding 5 years.
Shafting Systems for Propulsion, Electrical Generators and Motors
2Intermediate shafts, thrust shafts, electrical generators and motor shafts, at intervals not exceeding 5 years.
3Subject to items 4 to 7, screw shafts at intervals not exceeding 5 years.
4Screw shafts in ships referred to in subsection 407(1) of the Act, at intervals not exceeding 4 years.
5Screw shafts that meet the requirements of subitem 1(d) of Division II of Part I, at intervals not exceeding 2 years except for screw shafts in ships operating on voyages in fresh water only or between inland waters of Canada and not beyond Home Trade Class II limits where the ship operates in fresh water at least 3 months of the year, at intervals not exceeding 5 years.
6For an oil-lubricated screw shaft having a keyless taper or flange for propeller attachment, a partial inspection without shaft withdrawal, at alternate periodic special inspections, if
  • (a) the lubricating oil analysis shows that the oil is suitable for further service;

  • (b) the stern bearing wear-down is within safe limits; and

  • (c) the external oil gland is disassembled and the area at the top of the taper or flange fillet is subjected to a magnetic-particle, dye-penetrant or other crack detection method.

7For a water-lubricated, corrosion-resistant metal screw shaft having a keyless taper or flange for propeller attachment, a partial inspection with limited shaft withdrawal, at alternate periodic special inspections, if
  • (a) the stern bearing wear-down is within safe limits; and

  • (b) the shaft is withdrawn to a sufficient distance to expose the stern bearing contact area and the area at the top of the taper or flange fillet is subjected to a magnetic-particle, dye-penetrant or other crack detection method.

Fixed Pitch, Controllable Pitch and Directional Propellers
8Fixed pitch propellers, at the time of periodic special inspection of screw shafts.
9Controllable pitch propellers
  • (a) with hubs removed from screw shafts, at intervals not exceeding 10 years except that hubs are not required to be removed from the shafts if the securing studs or cap screws can be extracted and inspected, especially the threaded portions of hubs and securing studs or cap screws; and

  • (b) blade systems, at the time of screw shaft periodic special inspection or partial inspection with only one blade system different from the blade system examined at a previous inspection dismantled so that in the course of successive inspections all the blade systems are inspected, if mechanisms, bearing tolerances, bolting, sealing arrangements and operating fluid analyses show that the blade systems are suitable for further service.

10Directional propellers, at intervals not exceeding 8 years if at the time of each dry docking the operation of the blades, bearing tolerances, bolting, sealing arrangements and operating or lubricating fluid analyses indicate that the directional propellers are suitable for further service.
  • SOR/2015-161, ss. 8(E), 9(F)

SCHEDULE VIISteering Systems, Shipside Components and Windlasses

PART I(Section 4)Design Specifications

DIVISION ISteering Systems

ItemRequirements
1A steering gear compartment shall
  • (a) be readily accessible;

  • (b) as far as practicable, be separated from propulsion machinery and auxiliary machinery spaces; and

  • (c) be equipped with a means of communication with the bridge.

2All components and, in particular, non-duplicated essential components, shall be of sound and reliable construction, of adequate strength and protected against shock loading.
3For essential components, bearings that are permanently lubricated or provided with lubrication fittings shall be utilized where required for the safe operation of the ship.
4The pressure of the fluid for calculations to determine the scantlings of piping and steering gear components subjected to internal hydraulic pressure shall be at least 1.25 times the design working pressure under the operating conditions set out in item 9, taking into account any pressure that may exist in the low-pressure side of the system.
5Where, due to dynamic loads on piping and steering gear components, pulsating pressures occur, the system design shall be such that fatigue does not cause material failure.
6Relief valves shall be fitted to any part of the hydraulic system that can be isolated and in which pressure can be generated from the power source or from external forces.
7Relief valve settings shall not exceed the design working pressure of the fluid set out in item 4 and the valves shall be of adequate size and arranged to avoid an undue rise in pressure above the design working pressure of the fluid.
Steering Gears
8Subject to items 19 and 20, the installation shall consist of totally independent main and auxiliary steering gears.
9The main steering gear shall be designed, where the ship is at its deepest sea-going draft and
  • (a) running ahead at maximum service speed, to put the rudder over

    • (i) from 35 degrees on one side to 35 degrees on the other side, and

    • (ii) from 35 degrees on either side to 30 degrees on the other side in not more than 28 seconds; and

  • (b) running astern at maximum speed, for maximum rudder angle operation.

10A main steering gear shall be power-operated
  • (a) where necessary to meet the requirements of item 9; and

  • (b) where a rudder stock of over 120 mm in diameter, excluding strengthening for navigation in ice, is required at the position of tiller attachment.

11The auxiliary steering gear shall be designed, where the ship is at its deepest sea-going draft and running ahead one-half its maximum service speed or 7 knots, whichever is the greater, to put the rudder over from 15 degrees on one side to 15 degrees on the other side in not more than 60 seconds.
12The auxiliary steering gear shall have the capacity to be brought safely and rapidly into action in an emergency.
13An auxiliary steering gear shall be power-operated
  • (a) where necessary to meet the requirements of item 11; and

  • (b) where a rudder stock of over 230 mm in diameter, excluding strengthening for navigation in ice, is required at the position of tiller attachment.

14A power-operated auxiliary steering gear unit and its associated control system and rudder angle indicator shall, where the rudder stock is required to be over 230 mm in diameter, excluding strengthening for navigation in ice, be provided automatically with an alternative power source within 45 seconds of the failure of the main power source, from
  • (a) the emergency electric power source; or

  • (b) an independent power source located in the steering gear compartment that is used solely for that purpose.

15The alternative power source referred to in item 14 shall
  • (a) in any ship of 10,000 tons gross tonnage or more be capable of at least 30 minutes continuous operation; and

  • (b) in any other ship, be capable of at least 10 minutes continuous operation.

16Main and auxiliary steering gear power units shall be
  • (a) capable of being brought into operation from a location on the bridge;

  • (b) arranged to start automatically where power is restored after a power failure; and

  • (c) equipped with an audible and visual alarm located on the bridge to indicate a power failure to any one power unit.

17Hydraulic power-operated main and auxiliary steering gears shall be equipped with the following:
  • (a) arrangements to maintain the cleanliness of the hydraulic fluid, taking into consideration the type and design of the hydraulic system;

  • (b) an audible and visual low-fluid-level alarm for each hydraulic fluid reservoir to give the bridge and the propulsion machinery space the earliest possible indication of hydraulic fluid leakage;

  • (c) a fixed storage tank that has a contents gauge and sufficient capacity to refill the contents of at least one power-actuating system, including the reservoir, where the main steering gear is required to be power-operated; and

  • (d) means by which the hydraulic systems can be readily and rapidly refilled from within the steering gear compartment through permanently connected piping leading from the storage tank.

18Electric and electrohydraulic power-operated main and auxiliary steering gears shall meet the following requirements:
  • (a) means for indicating whether the motors of the electric or electrohydraulic steering gears are running shall be installed on the bridge and at a suitable propulsion machinery control location;

  • (b) each electric or electrohydraulic steering gear comprising one or more power units shall be served by at least two exclusive circuits fed directly from the main switchboard, where one of the circuits may be supplied through the emergency switchboard;

  • (c) an electric or electrohydraulic auxiliary steering gear associated with an electric or electrohydraulic main steering gear may be connected to one of the circuits supplying the main steering gear if the circuits have adequate rating for supplying all motors that can be simultaneously connected to them and that may be required to operate simultaneously;

  • (d) short-circuit protection and an overload alarm shall be provided for the circuits and motors, and where protection against excess current including starting current is provided for a circuit or motor, the protection shall be not less than twice the full load current of the circuit or motor, as the case may be and shall be arranged to permit the passage of the appropriate starting currents;

  • (e) where a three-phase power supply is used, an alarm shall be provided to indicate failure of any one of the supply phases and the alarm shall be audible, visual and situated

    • (i) in a conspicuous location in the main machinery space or control room from which the main machinery is normally controlled, and

    • (ii) as may be required by Schedule VIII;

  • (f) where an auxiliary steering gear that is in a ship of less than 1,600 tons gross tonnage and that is required to be power-operated is not electrically powered or is powered by an electric motor primarily intended for other services, the main steering gear may be fed by one circuit from the main switchboard; and

  • (g) where an electric motor primarily intended for other services is arranged to power an auxiliary steering gear in a ship of less than 1,600 tons gross tonnage, protection arrangements for electric and electrohydraulic power-operated steering gears are not required to meet the requirements set out in paragraphs (d) and (e) if suitable alternative arrangements are made.

19An auxiliary steering gear is not required where main steering gear power units and connections are fitted in duplicate if
  • (a) for ships carrying more than 12 passengers, each steering gear power unit enables the steering gear to meet the requirements of item 9;

  • (b) for ships carrying not more than 12 passengers, both steering gear power units operating together enable the steering gear to meet the requirements of item 9; and

  • (c) for hydraulic-type steering gears, the main steering gear is arranged so that, after a single failure in its piping or in one of the steering gear power units, the defect can be isolated and steering capability can be maintained or rapidly regained, and for other types of steering gear, a similar standard can be achieved.

20An auxiliary steering gear is not required for double-ended ships with two independent steering systems, one fore and one aft, if in the case of failure of one of the steering systems the corresponding rudder can be safely and rapidly brought back to the centre line and kept steady in that position.
21For every tanker, chemical tanker or gas carrier of 10,000 tons gross tonnage or more and every other ship of 70,000 tons gross tonnage or more, the main steering gear shall comprise two or more identical power units that meet the requirements of item 19.
22Subject to item 23, every tanker, chemical tanker or gas carrier of 10,000 tons gross tonnage or more shall meet the following requirements:
  • (a) the main steering gear shall be so arranged that in the event of loss of steering capability due to a single failure in any part of one of the power-actuating systems of the main steering gear, excluding the tiller, quadrant or components serving the same purpose or a seizure of the rudder actuators, steering capability shall be regained in less than 45 seconds after the loss of one power actuating system;

  • (b) the main steering gear shall comprise

    • (i) two independent and separate power-actuating systems, each capable of meeting the requirements of item 9, or

    • (ii) at least two identical power-actuating systems that, acting simultaneously in normal operation, shall be capable of meeting the requirements of item 9 if

      • (A) interconnection of hydraulic power-actuating systems, where necessary, is provided, and

      • (B) loss of hydraulic fluid from one of the systems is capable of being detected and that system is automatically isolated so that the other system or systems remain fully operational; and

  • (c) steering gears, other than of the hydraulic type, shall achieve a standard equivalent to the standard referred to in subitem (b).

23For tankers, chemical tankers or gas carriers of 10,000 tons gross tonnage or more, but of less than 100,000 tonnes deadweight, in the event of a single failure referred to in item 22 of a rudder actuator, the requirements set out in that item are not required to be met if
  • (a) a safety standard equivalent to the standard set out in item 22 is achieved;

  • (b) components meet the requirements of item 1 of Division II;

  • (c) following loss of steering capability due to a single failure of any part of the piping system or in one of the power units, steering capability is regained within 45 seconds; and

  • (d) where the steering gear includes only a single rudder actuator, the following factors are taken into special consideration in the actuator design and construction:

    • (i) stress analyses including, as appropriate, fatigue analysis and fracture mechanics analysis,

    • (ii) materials used, and

    • (iii) hydraulic fluid sealing arrangements.

DIVISION IINon-Duplicated Rudder Actuators for Tankers, Chemical Tankers and Gas Carriers of 10,000 Tons Gross Tonnage or more but less than 100,000 Tonnes Deadweight

ItemRequirements
1Components that are subject to internal hydraulic pressure or that transmit mechanical forces to the rudder stock shall be made
  • (a) of tested ductile materials in accordance with rules or codes; and

  • (b) with pressure-retaining components that have a tensile strength of not more than 650 MPa and a percentage elongation of not less than 12 per cent.

2The design working pressure shall be at least equal to the greater of
  • (a) 1.25 times the maximum pressure expected under the operating conditions set out in subitem 9(a) of Division I; and

  • (b) the relief valve pressure setting.

3In determining the scantlings of components of rudder actuators subject to internal hydraulic pressure, the following stresses are permitted:

Sm shall not exceed blank linef

S1 shall not exceed blank line1.5f

Sb shall not exceed blank line1.5f

S1 + Sb shall not exceed blank line1.5f

Sm + Sb shall not exceed blank line1.5f

where

Sm
is the equivalent primary general membrane stress
S1
is the equivalent primary local membrane stress
Sb
is the equivalent primary bending stress
f
is the lesser of SB/A or SY/B
SB
is the specified minimum tensile strength of material at ambient temperature
Sy
is the specified minimum yield stress or 0.2 per cent proof stress of material at ambient temperature

A and B are as follows:

4Pressure-retaining components not requiring fatigue analysis and fracture mechanics analysis in accordance with subitem 7(d) of Division I of Part II are acceptable on the basis of a certified burst test and in that case, the detailed stress analysis required by subitem 7(c) of Division I of Part II is not required.
5The minimum bursting pressure shall be calculated as follows:

Pb = P. A sBa/SB

where

Pb
is the minimum bursting pressure
P
is the design working pressure as set out in item 2
A
is the applicable value set out in the table to item 3
SBa
is the actual tensile strength
SB
is the tensile strength determined in accordance with item 3
6The construction shall minimize local concentrations of stress and all welded joints within the pressure boundary of a rudder actuator or connecting parts transmitting mechanical loads shall be of the full penetration type or of an equivalent strength.
7Oil seals between non-moving components, forming part of the external pressure boundary, shall be of the metal-on-metal type or of an equivalent type.
8Oil seals between moving components, forming part of the external pressure boundary, shall be duplicated, so that the failure of one seal does not render the actuator inoperative, or shall have sealing arrangements providing equivalent protection against leakage.
9Isolating valves shall be fitted at the connection of pipes to the actuator and shall be directly mounted on the actuator.
10Relief valves for protecting the rudder actuator against over-pressure as required by items 6 and 7 of Division I shall meet the following requirements:
  • (a) the setting pressure shall not be less than 1.25 times the maximum pressure expected under the operating conditions set out in subitem 9(a) of Division I;

  • (b) the minimum discharge capacity of the relief valves shall not be less than the total capacity of all pumps that provide power for the actuator, increased by 10 per cent;

  • (c) under operating conditions the rise in pressure shall not exceed 10 per cent of the setting pressure; and

  • (d) in respect of subitems (b) and (c), account shall be given to extreme foreseen ambient conditions in respect of oil viscosity.

11The rudder actuator shall be subjected to non-destructive testing in accordance with rules or codes to detect both surface flaws and volumetric flaws, and fracture mechanics analysis may be used for determining maximum allowable flaw size.

DIVISION IIISteering Controls

ItemRequirements
1Steering-wheels or lever pointers shall
  • (a) move to starboard to turn the bow of the ship to starboard; or

  • (b) move to port to turn the bow of the ship to port.

2A rudder direction and angle indicator, independent of the remote steering gear control system, shall be fitted on the bridge where the main steering system is power-operated or the length of the ship exceeds 20 m.
3Main steering gears shall be controllable from the bridge and from an alternative location in the steering gear compartment or other suitable location taking into account operational and risk factors.
4A rudder angle indicator shall be fitted at the alternative location referred to in item 3.
5Subject to item 6, two independent remote control systems, not including the steering-wheel or lever, shall be fitted where a duplicate main steering gear system is fitted.
6Except in a tanker, chemical tanker or gas carrier of 10,000 tons gross tonnage or more a second independent control system is not required to be fitted where the control system is a hydraulic telemotor.
7The auxiliary steering gear shall be controllable from the steering gear compartment and, if power-operated, shall be operable from the bridge and independent of the main steering gear control system.
8Any main and auxiliary steering gear control system operable from the bridge shall meet the following requirements:
  • (a) if electric, it shall be served by its own separate circuit supplied from a steering gear power circuit from a point within the steering gear compartment or directly from switchboard busbars supplying that steering gear power circuit at a point on the switchboard adjacent to the supply to the steering gear power circuit;

  • (b) means shall be provided in the steering gear compartment for disconnecting any control system that is operable from the bridge to the steering gear it serves;

  • (c) the system shall be capable of being brought into operation from a location on the bridge;

  • (d) in the event of a failure of the electrical power supply to the control system, an audible and visual alarm shall be given on the bridge; and

  • (e) short circuit protection only shall be provided for steering gear control supply circuits.

9Duplicate steering gear control systems, including pipes, electric power circuits and their components shall be separated, as far as practicable, throughout their length.

DIVISION IVShipside Components

ItemRequirements
1For ships required to operate in ice-covered waters where ice may choke sea-water inlets, maintenance of essential sea-water supply shall be maintained by
  • (a) diversion arrangements for warmed cooling water from overboard discharges into sea- water inlet boxes;

  • (b) means to clear sea-water inlet boxes, preferably by steam that has a pressure not in excess of the design working pressure of the sea-water inlet boxes and that is vented to the upper deck by means of a valved pipe; and

  • (c) ensuring sea-water inlet strainers have

    • (i) perforations approximately 20 mm in diameter to prevent ingestion of large ice particles, and

    • (ii) a strainer perforated area approximately 5 times the total cross-sectional area of the inlet pipes being served to ensure full fluid flow in slush ice conditions.

DIVISION VWindlasses

ItemRequirements
1None.

PART II(Section 6)Plans

DIVISION ISteering Systems

ItemRequired Information
1General arrangement of the main, and duplicate or auxiliary, steering systems in the ship.
2General arrangement and sectional elevation of the steering gears, including holding-down arrangements.
3Specifications indicating maximum designed torque at rudder stock, timing and angle of rudder movements for main and auxiliary steering gears, materials and physical properties of the principal components.
4Details of pumps, piping and valves subjected to pressure, and securing arrangements.
5Details of safety and shock-prevention devices.
6Details of control and monitoring mechanisms including connections to all steering locations.
7For non-duplicated rudder actuators in tankers, chemical tankers and gas carriers of 10,000 tons gross tonnage or more but less than 100,000 tonnes deadweight,
  • (a) welding details and processes;

  • (b) detailed design calculations;

  • (c) stress analysis of the pressure-retaining components;

  • (d) depending on design complexity, unusual manufacturing processes and foreseen dynamic load, the Board may require

    • (i) a fatigue analysis, and

    • (ii) a fracture mechanics analysis; and

  • (e) the Board may require experimental stress analysis in support of, or in lieu of, the theoretical analyses referred to in subitem (d).

8Information for valves and similar minor components referred to in item 4 is not required to be submitted where a manufacturer or an approved classification society certifies that the types of valves or similar minor components have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes.
9Information for pumps referred to in item 4 is not required to be submitted where an approved classification society certifies that the pumps have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes, except that the driving motor or engines of the pumps shall meet the requirements of Part II of the applicable schedule of Schedules I to XV.

DIVISION IIShipside Components

ItemRequired Information
Shafting and Valves
1Details of shipside penetrating shafting and glands, including fin stabilizing components, their locking mechanisms and other connections.
2Details of sea inlet and discharge valves and strainers and their connections, including those for side thrusters and deck wash systems.
3For ships required to operate in ice-covered waters, details of arrangements to prevent slush ice choking sea-water inlets.
4Specifications indicating the maximum stresses of the shafting, valve pressures and flow rates, materials and physical properties of the principal components.
Door-operating Mechanisms
5General arrangement of door-operating mechanisms showing all connected machinery and their locations in the ship.
6Details of all components, including pumps, piping and valves subjected to pressure and securing arrangements.
7Specifications indicating maximum stresses, materials and physical properties of principal components, particularly those that may be subjected to low ambient temperatures.
8Information for valves and similar minor components referred to in items 2 and 6 is not required to be submitted where a manufacturer or an approved classification society certifies that the types of valves or similar minor components have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes.
9Information for pumps referred to in item 6 is not required to be submitted where an approved classification society certifies that the pumps have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes, except that the driving motor or engines of the pumps shall meet the requirements of Part II of the applicable schedule of Schedules I to XV.

DIVISION IIIWindlasses

ItemRequired Information
1General arrangement, including type of power and loads, of the windlass systems showing all connected machinery and their location in the ship.
2Details of all windlass components, including pumps, piping, valves and brakes, and securing arrangements.
3Specifications indicating maximum stresses, materials and physical properties of principal components, particularly those which may be subjected to low ambient temperatures.
4Information for windlasses referred to in items 2 and 3 is not required to be submitted where an approved classification society certifies that the windlasses have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes except that the driving motor or engines of the pumps shall meet the requirements of Part II of the applicable schedule of Schedules I to XV.

PART III(Subsection 12(2))Construction and Installation Inspections

DIVISION IConstruction Inspection

ItemRequirements
Steering Systems
1Identification from material test certificates, before construction is commenced, of materials to be used, including welding metal, for the following parts:
  • (a) rams, frames, pintles and other components under stress when transmitting torque to the rudder stock; and

  • (b) cylinders and other components retaining pressure.

2Verification that welding was carried out by welders certified by a Provincial Government of Canada, or another authority having similar standards where the welding was carried out outside Canada, for the class of work to be done.
3Inspection of welds, including non-destructive test examination and verification of the heat treatment process, in accordance with rules or codes.
4Identification of components from component inspection certificates and inspection of components and their installation.
5Witnessing of hydrostatic pressure testing of components in accordance with rules or codes, except that for non-duplicated rudder actuator pressure components in tankers, chemical tankers and gas carriers of 10,000 tons gross tonnage or more but less than 100,000 tonnes deadweight, the hydrostatic pressure test is to be at 1.5 times the design working pressure.
6Inspection of the constructed steering gear and the witnessing of the gearing operation under test.
Shipside Components and Windlasses
7None.

DIVISION IIInstallation Inspection

ItemRequirements
Steering Systems
1Identification from component inspection certificates, before installation is commenced, of steering systems.
2Verification of correct adjustment and operational condition at all steering locations of securing arrangements, connection of steering systems to associated systems, safety, control and monitoring devices and, for hydraulic power operated systems, a hydrostatic pressure test at the design working pressure.
3Inspection of change-over from main to duplicate or auxiliary steering systems in accordance with the design specifications set out in Part I.
4Verification of reliability and sufficiency of both main, and duplicate or auxiliary steering systems under trials for a sufficient endurance period up to the ship’s maximum propulsion power for main and duplicate systems and up to navigable speed for the auxiliary system in accordance with design specifications set out in Division I of Part I, except that the steering gear need not necessarily be demonstrated at maximum rudder angle operation while running astern at maximum speed.
Shipside Components and Windlasses
5Identification from component inspection certificates, before installation is commenced, of shipside components, including door-operating mechanisms, and windlasses.
6Verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of securing arrangements, connection of the components and windlasses to associated systems, safety, control and monitoring devices.
7Inspection of shafts, glands, strainers and valves.
8Inspection to ensure that no overboard discharges are in the way of lifeboat or liferaft lowering locations.
9Witnessing of operational tests of the components and windlasses in accordance with rules or codes.

PART IVPeriodic General Inspections and Periodic Special Inspections

DIVISION I(Section 19)Periodic General Inspection

ItemRequirements
Steering Systems
1Operational condition and controllability of steering systems from all steering locations.
2Capability of duplicate or auxiliary steering systems to be brought rapidly into operation.
3Correct adjustment and operational condition of alarm and monitoring devices.
4Correct adjustment and operational condition of safety devices.
5Locations where fluid leakage, overheating, excessive vibration, fractures or excessive gland or bearing clearances may occur, particularly where the steering gear includes only a single rudder actuator.
Shipside Components and Windlasses
6Operational conditional and controllability of components including door-operating mechanisms and windlass braking systems.
7Locations where excessive fluid leakage, metal wastage, vibration or fractures may occur.
8Overboard discharges to confirm that no overboard discharges above the ship waterline are in the way of lifeboat or liferaft lowering positions.

DIVISION IIPeriodic Special Inspection

SUBDIVISION I(Subsection 20(1))Parts to be Inspected
ItemRequirements
Steering Systems
1Subject to item 4, driving engines or pumps, actuators, piping, pintles and bearings.
2Subject to item 4, control and monitoring mechanisms leading to the bridge and other steering locations.
3Steering gear structure and fastenings without dismantling, if their condition is adequate on the basis of general examination.
4Periodic special inspection is not required for hydraulic systems if the general periodic inspection referred to in Division I and operational observation, vibration analysis or written information provided to the inspector by firms specializing in the reconditioning of these parts shows that the condition of the parts is satisfactory for further service.
5No periodic special inspection is required for complex mechanisms where written information is provided to the inspector by firms specializing in the reconditioning of these parts, indicating that the parts are in good order and adjustment.
Shipside Components and Windlasses
6Internal and external parts of shipside valves, keel cooler valves, strainers and glands.
7Periodic special inspection is not required for hydraulic pumps, cylinders, rams, piping and windlasses if the periodic general inspection referred to in Division I and operational observation, vibration analysis or written information provided to the inspector by firms specializing in the reconditioning of these parts shows that the condition of the parts is satisfactory for further service.
8No periodic special inspection is required for complex mechanisms where written information is provided to the inspector by firms specializing in the reconditioning of these parts, indicating that the parts are in good order and adjustment.
SUBDIVISION II(Subsection 20(2))Intervals
ItemRequirements
Steering Systems
1At intervals not exceeding 5 years.
Shipside Components
2Shipside valves, keel cooler valves, strainers, shafts and glands, at intervals not exceeding 4 years except where the ship is dry docked at intervals of 5 years in accordance with the Hull Inspection Regulations, at that time.
3All other components including door-operating mechanisms, at intervals not exceeding 5 years.
  • SOR/2015-161, ss. 10(E), 11, 12(E), 13(E), 14(F), 15(E), 16(E)

SCHEDULE VIIIRemote Control and Monitoring Systems in Periodically Unattended Machinery Spaces

PART I(Section 4)Design Specifications

DIVISION IApplication

ItemDescription of Ships
1In this schedule,

Group 1 ship means a ship in which machinery is controlled and monitored from the bridge and engineers do not maintain surveillance watch duties in the machinery spaces and that is certificated for the following voyages:

  • (a) Foreign voyage, Home Trade Class I or II or Inland Waters Class I; or

  • (b) Home Trade Class III or IV, Inland Waters Class II or Minor Waters where the propulsion total brake power of the ship exceeds 2000 kW;

Group 2 ship means a ship in which machinery may be controlled from the bridge and at least one engineer is on watch in a remote central control room location only and that is certificated for the following voyages:

  • (a) Foreign voyage, Home Trade Class I or II or Inland Waters Class I; or

  • (b) Home Trade Class III or IV, Inland Waters Class II or Minor Waters where the propulsion total brake power of the ship exceeds 2000 kW;

Group 3 ship means a ship

  • (a) that has main propulsion and ship service reciprocating type-internal combustion engines;

  • (b) in which machinery is controlled and monitored from the bridge or a central control room;

  • (c) that is certificated for Home Trade voyages Class III or IV, Inland Waters Class II or Minor Waters voyages where the propulsion total brake power of the ship does not exceed 2000 kW; and

  • (d) in which engineering personnel do not maintain surveillance watch duties within the machinery space.

2This Schedule does not apply to Group 1, 2 or 3 ships that are
  • (a) passenger ships;

  • (b) non-passenger ships fitted with a remote machinery control location, which may be the bridge, where

    • (i) the machinery space is continuously manned by an engineer maintaining surveillance watch duties who is capable of locally controlling the machinery, and

    • (ii) bridge-to-machinery-space telegraphic and telephonic communication systems are fitted; and

  • (c) non-passenger ships fitted with a machinery control location in a room within, or immediately adjacent to, the machinery space where

    • (i) engineering personnel maintain regular surveillance watch duties within the machinery space, and

    • (ii) an audible and visual alarm system provides a means to alert engineering personnel to return to the control location room.

DIVISION IIGroup 1, 2 and 3 Ships

ItemRequirements
1Remote and automatic control and monitoring of machinery located in periodically unattended spaces shall offer the same level of safety from remote control locations as would be obtained if the machinery were arranged for continuous local manual control and monitoring by watchkeeping engineers.
2Control, monitoring and safety devices and their location shall meet the requirements set out in rules or codes in respect of ship motion, structural vibration and atmospheric environment.
3Every enclosed central control location shall have two means of access located remote from each other, except where such enclosures are so small that two means of access are impracticable.
4Two sources of power to ensure continuous operation shall be provided for control, monitoring and alarm systems, and
  • (a) where electrical power is used,

    • (i) the systems shall be served by at least two exclusive circuits fed directly from the main switchboard, and one of the circuits shall be supplied through the emergency switchboard, where fitted, and these circuits shall not supply power for any other machinery, and

    • (ii) a main-line disconnect or circuit-breaker for all console power shall be provided in a readily accessible location;

  • (b) where pneumatic power is used, each source shall consist of an air compressor, separately supplied with power, and an air receiver, both of adequate capacity and arranged to allow cross connection or isolation; and

  • (c) where hydraulic power is used, these sources shall be separate from any other hydraulic service requirements and each hydraulic pump shall be separately supplied with power.

5Failure of control, monitoring and alarm systems or their power supply shall activate an audible and visual alarm at the central control location.
6An audible and visual alarm system shall be provided to indicate any fault requiring attention and shall
  • (a) be capable of sounding an audible alarm in the main machinery control room or at the propulsion machinery remote control location and of indicating each separate alarm function visually at a suitable location;

  • (b) be connected to the engineers’ public rooms and to each of the engineers’ cabins through a selector switch that connects to at least one of the cabins at all times;

  • (c) activate an audible and visual alarm on the bridge for any situation that requires action by or the attention of the officer on watch;

  • (d) as far as practicable, be designed to have fail safe characteristics; and

  • (e) activate the alarm in the engineers’ public rooms and cabins if an alarm has not received attention locally within a set time.

7The alarm system shall be equipped to indicate at the same time more than one fault and the acceptance of an alarm shall not inhibit another alarm.
8Acceptance at either of the locations referred to in subitem 6(a) of an alarm shall be indicated at the location where the alarm was activated.
9An audible alarm shall sound until it is accepted and the visual indication of the alarm shall remain until the fault has been corrected, after which the alarm system shall automatically reset to the normal operating condition.
10Machinery controls shall be designed to remain accurate throughout the operating range and to have fail safe characteristics.
11Machinery controls shall be robust and easy to operate, not cause undue stress in systems being controlled and operate in a logical direction and sequence with a detent at the stop or neutral position.
12A safety system shall be provided to ensure that a serious malfunction in boiler and other machinery operations that presents an immediate danger initiates the automatic shut-down of the boiler or other machinery and activates an alarm, except that shut-down of the propulsion system shall only be automatically activated in cases that could lead to serious damage, complete breakdown or explosion.
13Where arrangements for overriding the shut-down of the main propelling machinery are fitted, the arrangements shall be such as to preclude inadvertent operation, and visual means shall be provided to indicate when the override has been activated.
14Remote-controlled machinery systems and periodically unattended machinery spaces shall be equipped as follows:
  • (a) a fire detection and alarm system shall be fitted that is capable of providing coverage

    • (i) throughout the machinery spaces, and

    • (ii) in boiler air supply and exhaust casings and internal combustion engine scavenge air belts on ships of 500 tons gross tonnage or more, where the casings and air belts are prone to fire;

  • (b) fire detection and alarm systems shall be used and the location of scanners and types of detectors shall be based on the heat and smoke hazards involved and the required sensitivity of operation;

  • (c) a fire control system with associated equipment shall be fitted in all machinery spaces to provide firefighting capability in accordance with

  • (d) the remote fire control system shall be operable from an accessible location outside the machinery spaces;

  • (e) the fire control location shall have instructions posted and all arrangements necessary for the operation of the system including, where applicable, stopping of machinery and fans, closing of valves, starting of remote fire pumps and release of smothering gas;

  • (f) guards shall be provided to prevent leakage of oil from fuel oil systems from dripping or spraying onto hot surfaces; and

  • (g) a fuel leakage collector system leading to a collector tank and fitted with an alarm to indicate leakage shall be fitted except where surveillance is required in accordance with item 67 of Subdivision II of Division IV for ships exempted from carrying watchkeeping engineers.

15A reliable means of voice communication shall be provided between the main machinery control location or propulsion machinery control location and the bridge, the engineers’ cabins and the engineers’ public rooms.
16Propulsion machinery orders from the bridge shall be indicated in the main machinery control room or at the propulsion machinery control station.
17Manuals for the proper operation and maintenance of remote control and monitoring systems, containing all necessary information for normal and emergency operation and maintenance shall be provided aboard ship.
18Testing procedure manuals for remote control and monitoring systems shall be provided aboard ship and the testing procedures shall
  • (a) contain step-by-step or check-off stages and not impair the operation of the installed alarms and safety devices after testing under simulated fault conditions has been completed;

  • (b) specify the frequency of testing, indicate the tools required to complete the testing and the location of the tools in the systems; and

  • (c) be concise but sufficiently explicit to allow engineering personnel to carry out the testing and interpret the results.

DIVISION IIIGroup 1 and 2 Ships

ItemRequirements
Machinery
1Internal combustion engines of 2250 kW or more or having cylinders of more than 300 mm bore shall be provided with crankcase oil mist detectors, engine-bearing temperature monitors or equivalent devices.
2Where internal combustion engines are used for main propulsion, means shall be provided to keep the starting air pressure at the level required to start the engine.
3The number of consecutive automatic attempts that fail to start an engine shall be limited in order to safeguard sufficient starting air pressure and an audible alarm set at a level that permits starting of the propulsion machinery shall be provided to indicate low starting air pressure.
4The main source of electrical power shall meet the following requirements:
  • (a) where the electrical power can under normal conditions be supplied by one generator, suitable load-shedding arrangements shall be provided to safeguard the supplies of power needed by propulsion, steering and safety systems; and

  • (b) except where impracticable for ships of less than 1,600 tons gross tonnage, in the case of failure of the operating generator, adequate provision shall be made for automatic starting and connecting to the main switchboard of a stand-by generator of sufficient capacity to permit, in sequential operation where necessary, automatic restarting of the essential propulsion, steering and safety systems.

5Where electrical power is supplied simultaneously by more than one generator in parallel operation, provision shall be made in case of failure of one of the operating generator sets to keep the remaining generator sets in operation without overload to permit propulsion and steering, and to ensure the safety of the ship.
6Where stand-by machines are necessary for the operation of other auxiliary machinery essential to propulsion, automatic change-over devices shall be fitted.
Controls and Alarms
7Under all operating conditions the speed, direction of thrust and, where applicable, the pitch of the propeller shall be fully controllable by remote control from the bridge.
8The remote control shall be operated by a single control device for each independent propeller with automatic performance of all associated services without causing overload of the propulsion machinery.
9The main propulsion machinery shall be equipped with an emergency stopping device on the bridge that is independent of the bridge control system.
10The control system shall be such that the services needed for the operation of the main propulsion machinery and its auxiliaries are performed automatically.
11An audible and visual alarm shall be activated when the automatic change-over of the control power source is activated.
12An alarm system that meets the requirements of items 7 to 9 of Division II shall be provided for all pressures, temperatures, fluid levels and other data essential to the safe operation of the ship.
13A centralized control location shall be arranged with the necessary alarm panels and instrumentation to indicate that an alarm has been activated.
14Remote control of the propulsion machinery shall be possible only from one location at a time and inter-connected control positions are permitted at each location.
15At each location there shall be an indicator showing which location is in control of the propulsion machinery and the transfer of control between the bridge and machinery spaces shall be possible only in the main machinery space or in the machinery control room.
16The control system shall include means to prevent, when the system transfers control from one location to another, the propelling thrust from altering to the extent that control of the ship is endangered.
17All machinery essential for the safe operation of the ship shall be capable of being controlled locally.
18The design of the remote automatic control system shall be such that an alarm is given on failure of the system and, unless impracticable, the preset speed and direction of thrust of the propeller is maintained until local control is in operation.
19Indicators shall be fitted on the bridge for
  • (a) propeller speed and direction of rotation in the case of fixed-pitch propellers; or

  • (b) propeller speed and pitch position in the case of controllable-pitch propellers.

20Bilge wells in periodically unattended machinery spaces shall be located and monitored in such a way that the accumulation of liquids is detected at normal angles of trim and heel, and shall be large enough to easily accommodate normal drainage during an unattended period.
21Where the bilge pumps are capable of being started automatically, visual and audible alarms shall be provided to indicate when the influx of liquid is greater than the pump capacity or when the pump is operating more frequently than would be expected under normal conditions.
22Where automatic bilge pumps are fitted,
  • (a) an audible and visual alarm and shut-down arrangement shall be fitted in the system to operate in the event of oil being detected and the shut-down arrangement shall have an emergency manual override capability; and

  • (b) valves that are open on dry bilges shall be automatically closed so that there is no loss of suction in bilge suction systems.

23The position of the controls of any valve serving a sea inlet, a discharge below the water-line or a bilge injection system shall be located to allow adequate time for operation of the controls in case of an influx of water to the space, having regard to the time likely to be required to reach and operate the controls.
24Arrangements shall be made to operate the controls from a position above the level to which the unattended space might become flooded when the ship is fully loaded.

DIVISION IVGroup 3 Ships

SUBDIVISION I
ItemApplication
1In this Division, the bridge control station includes the wheelhouse, its top and wings.
SUBDIVISION II
ItemRequirements
Main and Auxiliary Machinery Controls
1Control locations shall have a visual indicator to show when they are in command and the central control location shall have monitors and alarms in accordance with items 65 and 66.
2The machinery control arrangement shall be such that only one location can be in control at any one time, and with the exception of the override capability referred to in item 8, transfer of control from the central control location to local control shall not be possible until the receiving location has indicated its readiness to accept the intended transfer.
3All essential machinery shall be capable of being fully operated locally when remote or automatic control systems are not operating.
4Transfer to local control of machinery shall be easily and rapidly accomplished and any material or tools required to effect the transfer shall be permanently located at a convenient location adjacent to the machinery.
5Where an engine is arranged to start automatically or by remote control, interlocks shall be provided to prevent starting of the engine under conditions that could be hazardous to the machinery, which conditions shall include turning gear engaged, low lubricating-oil pressure and, where applicable, shaft brake engaged.
6Where an internal combustion engine is arranged to start automatically, the number of consecutive automatic attempts to start the engine without success shall be limited in order to safeguard sufficient starting air pressure or in the case of electric starting, sufficient battery power, for local attempts to start the engine.
Main Propulsion Systems
7Means shall be provided at the central control location and locally at the engines themselves to stop the main propulsion engines in an emergency and the emergency stopping devices shall be independent of the normal control system and adequately protected against accidental damage or operation.
8Local control of the main propulsion engines shall have capability of overriding the remote control systems and there shall be an audible and visual alarm to alert the locations affected by an override in accordance with subitem 65(a)(i).
9For ships of not more than 150 tons gross tonnage remote propulsion engine controls are not required to be power-operated and are not required to be in duplicate.
10Prolonged running of a main propulsion engine in a restricted speed range shall be prevented automatically or an indication of restricted speed ranges shall be posted at each control location.
Steering Systems
11In the event of failure of the main steering system there shall be an auxiliary system capable of being brought into operation from the central control location within 45 seconds.
Electrical Power Systems
12In the event of failure of the electrical generator supplying ship service power where generated electrical energy is required for essential service, there shall be a stand-by generator capable of assuming all essential electrical load and, for ships in excess of 150 tons gross tonnage, the stand-by generator shall be arranged to assume the load automatically within 45 seconds.
Boilers and Hot-Air Heating Units
13Steam and hot-water boilers, hot-air heating units and associated systems shall be capable of automatic operation and of meeting requirements within design limitations under all working conditions.
14Automatic operation shall include, as applicable, controls and monitors for fuel flow and temperature, combustion air flow, burner flame, feed-water flow, feed-water contamination by salt or oil, boiler pressure and hot-air heating unit circulating air flow.
15The control and monitoring equipment shall be designed to prevent unsafe operation of the boiler or hot-air heating unit.
16Any failure of control and monitoring equipment shall prevent continued operation of the boiler or hot-air heating unit and cause the fuel supply to be cut off and an audible and visual alarm to be activated in accordance with subitem 65(e).
17A master fuel oil shut-off valve shall be fitted in the fuel supply line and shall close automatically in the event of
  • (a) loss of flame;

  • (b) inadequate air to support combustion;

  • (c) abnormally high steam or water pressure in boilers;

  • (d) loss of circulating fluid in hot-water boilers and hot-air heating units; or

  • (e) water at a low level in steam boilers.

18A fuel oil shut-off valve shall be fitted to each burner in the fuel supply line and the valve shall close automatically in the case of flame failure or whenever the automatic program requires that the master fuel oil shut-off valve be closed.
19Automatic combustion controls shall be fitted to provide an adequate fuel-to-air ratio throughout the operational range.
20Where the system is designed to light the initial burner automatically or from a remote location, purging of the combustion chamber and convection spaces shall automatically take place for a period that is sufficient to ensure at least four changes of air, which period shall last at least 15 seconds.
21Adequate air flow and the correct position of the air registers and dampers shall be indicated before the purging period starts.
22Fuel oil may be ignited by an electrical spark generated by a transformer having an output of not less than 10,000 volts, a glow plug or a light-oil pilot flame that has been electrically ignited.
23A means of ignition system described in item 22 shall be provided for burners that are automatically or remote controlled.
24The electrical ignition system shall be energized before or simultaneously with the introduction of fuel or light oil and shall remain energized during the trial-for-ignition period referred to in item 25.
25Where fuel or light oil is electrically ignited, the flame safeguard control system shall provide a trial-for-ignition period of not more than 15 seconds, during which fuel or light oil may be introduced to the ignition source and, if a flame is not established within 15 seconds, the oil supply valve shall close automatically.
26Where fuel oil is ignited by a light-oil pilot flame, the flame safeguard control shall provide a trial-for-ignition period of not more than 15 seconds, during which fuel oil may be introduced to the pilot flame and if a fuel oil flame is not established within 15 seconds the fuel oil supply valve to the pilot flame shall close automatically.
27Fuel oil shall not be supplied to a burner before the light-oil pilot flame has been confirmed.
28Flame safeguard controls of the thermostatic type operated by means of an open bi-metallic helix shall not be used.
29A flame safeguard control shall be provided to each burner so that the fuel oil supply valve can be closed in not more than four seconds in the event of flame failure and the master fuel oil shut-off valve can be closed in the event of flame failure at all burners.
30The failure of a component in the flame safeguard control shall cause a shut-down of the burner and the design of the control shall prevent automatic restarting.
31The flame safeguard control shall be fitted with an audible and visual alarm in the event of flame failure and the control shall require resetting for restart purposes.
32A low-fire interlock shall be fitted to a multi-burner boiler so that the lowest burner is ignited first, and the other burners shall not be ignited until the scanner indicates that there is a flame in the lowest burner.
Steam Boilers
33Automatically operated steam boilers shall be fitted with water-level controls and low water-level limit controls.
34Water-level controls and low water-level limit controls may be of the float, electrode probe, thermostatic expansion tube or thermo-hydraulic type.
35Water-level controls and low water-level limit controls shall be located to minimize the effect of the roll and pitch of the ship.
36The low water-level limit control shall close the master fuel oil shut-off valve when the water level falls to a minimum safe level visible in the gauge glass and the system may include a five-second time delay to avoid shut-down due to the rolling and pitching of the ship.
37After operation of the low water-level limit control, manual resetting of the control shall be required before the boiler burners can be re-lit.
38Float-operated water-level and low water-level limit controls shall be so constructed that they will not be damaged by water levels above or below the operating range.
39The low water-level limit control shall have independent connections to the boiler.
40Water-level controls shall be so constructed that the water inlet valve cannot feed water into the boiler through the float chamber.
41No outlet connection shall be placed on
  • (a) the water-level control float chamber;

  • (b) the low water-level limit control float chamber; or

  • (c) pipes connecting the float chambers to the boiler.

42For controls that are external to the boiler drum, the connections shall be fitted with shut-off valves locked and sealed in the open position and attached directly to the boiler drum.
Auxiliary Systems
43Subject to item 44, pumps and other components essential for main propulsion engine operation shall have stand-by pumps and components, and for ships of more than 150 tons gross tonnage, the stand-by pumps and components shall be arranged to start up automatically on failure of the operating pumps or other components.
44In multi-engined ships where engines have integral pumps, a spare pump readily available for installation may be used in lieu of an automatic-starting stand-by pump.
45Air compressors, refrigeration systems and other ship service systems that are essentially independent and self-controlled need not be controlled from a remote control location.
46Bilge water high-level audible and visual alarms shall be fitted at the central control location in accordance with subitem 65(f)(vi) and shall monitor the following bilges:
  • (a) aft port and starboard sides of each machinery space of category A; and

  • (b) any bilge aft of the collision bulkhead on ships certificated for towing operations.

47The bilge pumping systems shall be arranged to function for a reasonable period after the sounding of the bilge high-level alarm taking into account the size of the space bilges.
48Where automatic bilge pumps are fitted
  • (a) an audible and visual alarm and shut-down arrangements shall be fitted in the system to operate in the event of oil being detected and the shut-down arrangement shall have an emergency manual override capability; and

  • (b) valves that are open on dry bilges shall be automatically closed so that there is no loss of suction in bilge systems.

49Subject to item 50, the fire control system shall incorporate at least one fire pump capable of being controlled from the fire control location set out in subitem 14(e) of Division II.
50For ships of 150 tons gross tonnage or less a manual fire pump and its controls, including means of opening the sea valve, may be installed in a suitable location on the deck in lieu of a remote-controlled pump.
51Where valves in essential systems are normally closed to prevent frost damage to exposed piping, the controls for the valves shall be in readily accessible locations.
52Where remote controls for valves are fitted, valve status indicators shall be fitted at the locations for the valve controls and valves located in locations liable to be flooded shall be capable of operating when submerged.
53Where machinery space watertight doors are fitted, controls shall be fitted in accordance with the Hull Construction Regulations.
54Fuel oil service tanks shall be capable of holding sufficient fuel for the total period of the normal ship operational route or for 24 hours normal operation, whichever is the lesser, at full power, except that where provision is made for automatic filling, the period may be reduced to eight hours.
55If fuel tanks are required to be heated, fuel oil temperature shall be monitored and thermostatically controlled or the fuel tanks shall be fitted with a high-temperature audible and visual alarm in accordance with subitem 65(f)(iii).
Remote Monitors
56The central control location shall include monitoring indicators as set out in items 65 and 66.
57Where continuously reading indicators are impracticable, demand display types may be fitted.
58Direct reading indicators shall be fitted at the location of the machinery.
59Where the control system automatically shuts down machinery for any reason, regaining of control following correction of the fault shall not be possible without reset action and without bringing the control to the stop position.
60Alarms associated with machinery control and safety shall be clearly distinguishable from fire-alarms and, where possible, the arrangements of the alarms shall be such that the alarm is activated before failure and shut-down occurs.
61Where alarms are displayed as group alarms, provision shall be made to identify each alarm at the central control location.
62For the detection of transient faults that are subsequently self-correcting, alarms shall lock in until they are accepted.
63The alarm system shall be capable of being tested during normal machinery operation.
64Disconnection or manual overriding of any part of the alarm system shall be clearly indicated.
Remote Monitoring Indicators
65Where applicable and subject to item 66, the following monitors and audible and visual alarms shall be fitted at the central control location:
SERVICEMONITORALARM
  • (a) Main Propulsion System

  • (i) In Command

Local Override
  • (ii) Propeller Speed

Wrong Direction
Failure/Overspeed
  • (v) Exhaust Gas Temperature

High
  • (vi) Lubricating Oil Pressure

Low
  • (vii) Lubricating Oil Temperature

High
Low
  • (ix) Coolant Temperature

High
  • (x) Piston Coolant Temperature (if separate system)

High
  • (xi) Thrust Block Temperature

High
  • (b) Steering System

  • (i) Steering Gear Power Unit, Operating

Failure/Overload
  • (c) Electrical System

High/Low
Low
Load Shedding
  • (d) Ship Service Generator Engines

  • (i) Engine, Operating

Failure/Overspeed
  • (iii) Exhaust Gas Temperature

High
  • (iv) Lubricating Oil Pressure

Low
  • (v) Lubricating Oil Temperature

High
  • (vi) Coolant Pressure

Low
  • (vii) Coolant Temperature

High
  • (e) Boilers and Hot-Air Heating Units

  • (i) Boiler or Hot-Air Heating Unit, Operating

Shut-down
  • (ii) Boiler Fluid Pressure

High/Low
  • (iii) Steam Boiler Water Level

High/Low
  • (iv) Feed-Water Pressure

High/Low
  • (v) Feed-Water Salinity

High
  • (vi) Feed-Water Oil Contamination

Detection
  • (vii) Combustion Air Pressure

Low
Low
  • (ix) Fuel Oil Temperature

High/Low
  • (x) Each Furnace Burner Flame

Failure
  • (f) Auxiliary Systems

  • (i) Engine Starting Air Pressure

High/Low
  • (ii) Fuel Service Tank Oil Level

High/Low
  • (iii) Fuel Service Tank Oil Temperature, where required

High
  • (iv) Coolant Expansion Tank Liquid Level

Low
  • (v) All Tanks Automatically Filled

High/Low
  • (vi) Space Bilge Water Level

High
  • (vii) Bilge Water, where automatically pumped

Oil Detection
  • (ix) Watertight Doors, open or closed

  • (x) Machinery Spaces Fire

Detection
  • (xi) Machinery Spaces High Temperature

Detection
  • (xii) Fire Main Water Pressure, when activated

Low
66For ships of 150 tons gross tonnage and less, only the following monitors and alarms shall be fitted at the bridge control location:
SERVICEMONITORALARM
(a)Main Propulsion System
  • (i) In Command

Local Override
  • (ii) Propeller Speed

Wrong Direction
  • (iv) Exhaust Gas Temperature

High
  • (v) Lubricating Oil Pressure

Low
  • (vi) Lubricating Oil Temperature, monitor only

  • (vii) Coolant Pressure, monitor only

High
  • (ix) Thrust Block Temperature, if independently lubricated

High
(b)Steering System
  • (i) Steering Gear Power Unit, Operating

Failure/Overload
(c)Boilers
  • (i) Boiler, Operating

Shut-down
(d)Auxiliary Systems
  • (i) Engine, Starting Air Pressure

High/Low
  • (ii) Space Bilge Water Level

High
  • (iii) Machinery Spaces Fire

Detection
Ships Exempted From Carrying Watchkeeping Engineers
67Ships exempted from carrying watchkeeping engineers under the Safe Manning Regulations where at least one engineer is required to be aboard shall be
  • (a) powered by reciprocating-type internal combustion engines;

  • (b) equipped with remote control and monitoring systems that meet the applicable requirements set out in this Schedule;

  • (c) equipped with central control and monitoring systems suitable for operation by the person assigned steering duties; and

  • (d) subject to periodic checks of machinery spaces by a crew member other than the person assigned steering duties.

PART II(Section 6)Plans

ItemRequired Information
1General arrangement of remote control and monitoring systems showing all connected machinery.
2General arrangement of control and monitoring systems, including scanning points and control locations for periodically unattended machinery spaces.
3General arrangement of remote control console identifying control and monitoring instruments, gauges and alarms.
4Details of electric, pneumatic or hydraulic operational control and monitoring systems, and details of emergency operation arrangements for all machinery required for, or which may affect, the operational safety of the ship and safety of personnel on board.
5Details of remotely controlled fire detection, alarm and extinguishing systems.
6List of monitor and audio and visual alarm locations and identification of the equipment used and the manufacturer of the equipment.
7General arrangement of intercommunication systems linking the bridge, accommodation spaces, service spaces, the central control room and machinery spaces, including the emergency situation alarm for engineers.
8List of symbols and abbreviations used in plans in accordance with a recognized and identified code or fully explained in the data supplied.
9Operational, maintenance and testing procedure manuals for control, monitoring, alarm and safety devices including duplicate and emergency arrangements.
10Data indicating proposed duration of times in a 24-hour period when machinery spaces of Category A will normally be unoccupied and when other machinery spaces, such as steering gear compartments, will not normally be visited.
11Data indicating surveillance arrangements on Groups 1 and 2 ships when operating in confined waters.
12Data indicating security arrangements to prevent unauthorized actions in periodically unattended machinery spaces.

PART III(Subsection 12(2))Construction and Installation Inspections

DIVISION IConstruction Inspection

ItemRequirements
1None.

DIVISION iiInstallation Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Identification from component inspection certificates before installation is commenced of materials and components.
2Witnessing of pressure testing of components as required in accordance with rules or codes.
3Verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of securing arrangements and connection of the remote control and monitoring systems to associated systems.
4Witnessing of operational tests of the systems including emergency and simulated fault test arrangements in accordance with rules and codes.

PART IVPeriodic General Inspections and Periodic Special Inspections

DIVISION I(Section 19)Periodic General Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Inspection of all securing arrangements and points where leakages and excessive vibration may occur at all control locations and at the machinery itself.
2Inspection of connecting systems between control locations and the machinery without complete removal of all protective panels if
  • (a) the condition of exposed systems parts is adequate taking into account normal wear; and

  • (b) there is no apparent damage to, or deterioration of unexposed parts of the systems.

3Witnessing of tests including emergency and simulated fault tests to confirm that all control, monitoring, alarm and safety devices are in operational condition and correct adjustment.
4Witnessing of tests to confirm that systems are operable from all control locations and that the machinery is operable locally.
5Witnessing of tests to confirm that duplicate and emergency systems can be rapidly brought into operation on failure of the main system.

DIVISION II(Section 20)Periodic Special Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Subject to paragraph 20(2)(b) of these Regulations, no periodic special inspection is required.
  • SOR/2015-161, ss. 17, 18(F), 19(F), 20(E)
  • SOR/2017-14, s. 411

SCHEDULE IXNon-Structural Tanks, Short Flexible Hoses and Rigid Plastic and Fibre-Reinforced Plastic Piping and Components

PART I(Section 4)Design Specifications

DIVISION IApplication

ItemApplication
1This Schedule applies to non-structural tanks having a capacity of 4 500 L or less.
2Non-structural tanks having a capacity of more than 4 500 L shall be designed, constructed and installed in accordance with the Hull Construction Regulations.

DIVISION iiSpecifications

ItemRequirements
Non-Structural Tanks of 4 500 L or Less Capacity
1Non-structural tanks shall
  • (a) be made of steel or other material suitable for the liquid contents, the intended use and location of the tanks in the ship;

  • (b) where carbon steel shell plate is used, be of the following minimum plate thickness:

    • (i) 2 mm for capacity not exceeding 100 L,

    • (ii) 3 mm for capacity not exceeding 1 300 L, and

    • (iii) 5 mm for capacity not exceeding 4 500 L;

  • (c) be fitted with stiffeners so that any unsupported flat surface area does not exceed

    • (i) 0.28 m2 where plate thickness does not exceed 3 mm, and

    • (ii) 0.56 m2 where plate thickness does not exceed 5 mm;

  • (d) be fitted with a suitable clean-out door, where capacity exceeds 1 300 L; and

  • (e) have welded or brazed seams, except that where the capacity is not more than 100 L, a solder having a melting point of not less than 425°C may be used.

2Unsupported flat surface areas for different thickness plates of non-structural tanks shall be determined by interpolation or extrapolation.
3Depending on the size and configuration of a non-structural tank, the tank may be required to be fitted with baffles.
Short Flexible Hoses
4Short flexible hoses shall be used where expansion and vibration may be encountered.
5Short flexible hoses shall not be used in the correction of misalignment, except for connection of boiler fuel burners and other removable components.
6Guards shall be fitted on large diameter pipes to reduce the flow of fluid leakage to within the capacity of the space bilge pumps.
7Guards shall be fitted to prevent contact of leaking fluid with surfaces where a hazard may result.
8Short flexible hoses shall be adequate for intended use.
Rigid Plastic and Fibre Reinforced Plastic Piping and Components
9Except in accommodation spaces, service spaces and control locations, piping and components of rigid plastic or fibre reinforced plastic may be used in
  • (a) domestic and sanitary

    • (i) salt water piping systems,

    • (ii) fresh water piping systems, and

    • (iii) waste water piping systems;

  • (b) scupper systems draining inboard but not led within the boundaries of refrigerated chambers;

  • (c) ballast water and fresh water piping systems situated inside tanks used exclusively for ballast water or fresh water;

  • (d) sounding and vent pipes to tanks used exclusively for ballast water or fresh water in non-passenger ships except for sections above the weather deck;

  • (e) sounding pipes to cargo holds in non-passenger ships; and

  • (f) bilge suction pipes in ships not over 24 m in length.

10Piping and components of rigid plastic or reinforced plastic shall not be used
  • (a) in fire extinguishing piping systems;

  • (b) in flammable fluid piping systems;

  • (c) in boiler feed and condensate piping systems;

  • (d) in bilge and ballast piping systems in machinery spaces except as provided for in subitem 9 (f);

  • (e) outboard of sea inlet or overboard discharge valves; and

  • (f) in other piping systems where the use could compromise the safety of the ship or personnel.

10.1Despite items 9 and 10, plastic piping referred to in sections 114 and 226 of the Vessel Fire Safety Regulations may be used.
11Piping and components of rigid plastic or reinforced plastic shall be protected from
  • (a) vibration;

  • (b) chafing where secured in hangers; and

  • (c) crushing due to overtightening of hanger clamps where they shall be protected by fitting nut-locking or other suitable devices.

12Allowance shall be made for expansion in piping systems.
13Sea inlet and overboard discharge valves shall be of suitable metal construction where connected to rigid plastic or fibre reinforced plastic piping and the piping shall not be installed outboard of the valves.
14When passing through a steel water-tight or fire control bulkhead, a steel spool-piece shall be attached to the bulkhead or deck and, at a water-tight bulkhead or deck a metallic shut-off valve shall be installed immediately adjacent to the spool-piece except that no valve is required on ballast or fresh water piping located within ballast or fresh water tanks.
15Remote controls operable from above the bulkhead deck shall be fitted to the shut-off valve except where
  • (a) the piping on one side of the bulkhead or deck is completely metallic and the valve is fitted to the metallic piping and easily accessible; or

  • (b) two readily accessible valves are installed, one on either side of the bulkhead or deck.

16When passing through a bulkhead or deck material other than steel, the installation shall be such that the fire, watertight and structural integrity of the bulkhead or deck is not diminished due to penetration.

PART II(Section 6)Plans

ItemRequired Information
Non-Structural Tanks of 4 500 L or Less Capacity
1General arrangement of the tank installation and the system to which it is connected.
2Details of
  • (a) nature of the fluid to be contained in the tank;

  • (b) tank volume and level of tank fluid;

  • (c) tank materials, sizes, plate seams and supports; and

  • (d) tank openings, vents and other connections.

3Detailed strength calculations where
  • (a) level of tank fluid exceeds 5 m; or

  • (b) tank material is other than steel.

Short Flexible Hoses
4Material specifications including details of construction and end connection arrangements.
5Details of the various tests applied to the hoses and identification of the standards association whose testing standards were applied.
6Details of the design working pressures, temperatures, fluid flow velocities and nature of the fluids to be carried.
Rigid Plastic and Fibre-Reinforced Plastic Piping and Components
7Material specifications, physical properties, details of the various tests carried out and identification of the standards association whose testing standards were applied.
8Characteristics of flammability, decomposition resistance to environmental conditions and abrasion resistance to sand, ice particles or other fluid entrained substances.
9Details of connections, scantlings, design working pressures, temperatures and fluid flow velocities.
10Details of piping systems, locations, supports and thermal expansion allowances taking into account differences in the thermal expansion properties of plastic materials and metal.

PART III(Subsection 12(2))Construction and Installation Inspections

ItemRequirements
1Construction and installation inspections shall consist of completion of each item set out in Part III of Schedules X to XV for the relevant fluid system.

PART IVPeriodic General Inspections and Periodic Special Inspections

DIVISION I(Section 19)Periodic General Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Completion of each item set out in Division I of Part IV of Schedules X to XV for the relevant fluid system.

DIVISION IIPeriodic Special Inspection

SUBDIVISION I(Subsection 20(1))Parts to be Inspected
ItemRequirements
1No periodic special inspection is required if a general examination shows that the condition of the tanks is suitable for further service.
SUBDIVISION II(Subsection 20(2))Intervals
ItemRequirements
1None.
  • SOR/2015-161, ss. 21(F), 22 to 24(E)
  • SOR/2017-14, s. 415

SCHEDULE XSteam, Boiler Water and Cooling Water Systems

PART I(Section 4)Design Specifications

ItemRequirements
1Steam pipes and connected components through which steam passes shall be designed, constructed and installed to withstand the maximum working stresses to which they may be subjected.
2Means shall be provided for draining every steam pipe in which dangerous water-hammer action may occur.
3Where a steam pipe or component may receive steam from any source at a higher pressure than that for which it is designed, it shall be fitted with a suitable reducing valve, relief valve and pressure gauge.
4Each steam generating system that provides services essential for the safety of the ship, or that could be rendered dangerous by the failure of its feed-water supply shall be fitted with at least two separate feed- water systems, including feed pumps, but a single penetration of the steam drum is acceptable.
5Unless over-pressure is prevented by the pump characteristics, means shall be provided to prevent over-pressure in any part of the system.

PART II(Section 6)Plans

ItemRequired Information
Steam and Exhaust Systems
1General arrangement of the steam systems having an assigned working pressure in excess of 103 kPa including steam power, steam heating, steam cleaning and steam fire-extinguishing systems showing all connected pressure vessels, pumps, shut-off valves, piping, steam traps, reducing valves, safety valves, pressure gauges and drainage arrangements, particularly where the systems are susceptible to frost or water-hammer damage.
2General arrangement of exhaust steam piping from machinery or other components powered or heated by steam systems referred to in item 1 showing arrangements for further use, condensing or atmospheric discharge.
3Installation details of items 1 and 2 stating assigned working pressures, temperatures and flow rates.
4Materials, sizes, capacities, design working pressures, temperatures, testing arrangements and procedures of pumps, piping, valves and other components.
5Details of
  • (a) pipe connections to flanges and other joining arrangements;

  • (b) securing arrangements for pumps and piping, allowances for vibration and thermal expansion and stress calculations where required;

  • (c) protection against piping damage particularly where led through working spaces;

  • (d) materials, means of attachment and thickness of thermal insulation; and

  • (e) protection against overpressure to or from steam systems when used for heating purposes in integral jackets of machinery.

6Information for valves and similar minor fittings referred to in item 4 is not required to be submitted where a manufacturer or an approved classification society certifies that the types of valves or similar minor fittings have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes.
7Information for pumps referred to in item 4 is not required to be submitted where an approved classification society certifies that the pumps have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes except that the driving motor or engine of the pumps shall meet the requirements of Part II of the applicable schedule of Schedules I to XV.
Condensate and Boiler Feed Water Systems
8General arrangement of condensate and reserve boiler feed water systems including reserve feed tank and observation tank connections, pumps, piping, valves, and all connected components and means for
  • (a) carrying out water purity tests;

  • (b) dealing with contaminated water; and

  • (c) draining systems that are susceptible to frost damage.

9General arrangement of boiler feed, blow down and surface blow piping indicating all connected pumps, valves, components and shipside connections.
10Structural details of tanks that do not form part of the hull structure.
11Installation details of items 8 and 9 stating assigned working pressures, temperatures and flow rates.
12Materials, sizes, design working pressures, testing arrangements and procedures of pumps, piping, valves and other components.
13Details of
  • (a) pipe connections to flanges or other joining arrangements;

  • (b) securing arrangements for pumps, non-structural tanks, and piping and damage protection where necessary; and

  • (c) materials, means of attachment and thickness of thermal insulation.

14Information for valves and similar minor components referred to in item 12 is not required to be submitted where a manufacturer or an approved classification society certifies that the types of valves or similar minor components have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes.
15Information for pumps referred to in item 12 is not required to be submitted where an approved classification society certifies that the pumps have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes except that the driving motor or engine of the pumps shall meet the requirements of Part II of the applicable schedule of Schedules I to XV.
Cooling Water Systems
16General arrangement of fresh and seawater cooling systems pumps, piping, valves and components including, as applicable, sea suction strainers, air vent piping, sea boxes, internal sea bays, keel coolers, ship structure tank coolers, make-up water tanks and means for draining systems that are susceptible to frost damage.
17Details of sea inlet and discharge arrangements including arrangements to ensure that no above waterline discharges are in the way of lifeboat and liferaft lowering locations and, where applicable, piping arrangements for internal sea bays, keel coolers and ship structure tank coolers.
18Structural details of tanks not forming part of the hull structure.
19Installation details of all water systems referred to in item 16 stating assigned working pressures, temperatures and flow rates.
20Materials, sizes, design working pressures, testing arrangements and procedures of pumps, piping, valves and other components.
21Details of
  • (a) pipe connections to flanges or other joining arrangements;

  • (b) securing arrangements for pumps, non-structural tanks and piping; and

  • (c) protection against overpressure to or from water systems when used for cooling purposes in integral jackets of machinery.

22Information for valves and similar minor components referred to in item 20 is not required to be submitted where a manufacturer or an approved classification society certifies that the types of valves or similar minor components have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes.
23Information for pumps referred to in item 20 is not required to be submitted where an approved classification society certifies that the pumps have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes except that the driving motor or engine of the pumps shall meet the requirements of Part II of the applicable schedule of Schedules I to XV.

PART III(Subsection 12(2))Construction and Installation Inspections

DIVISION IConstruction Inspection

ItemRequirements
1None.

DIVISION IIInstallation Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Identification from component inspection certificates, before installation is commenced, of pumps, piping, flexible hoses, components and materials to be used, including welding metal.
2Verification that welding was carried out by welders certified by a Provincial Government of Canada, or another authority having similar standards where the welding was carried out outside Canada, for the class of work to be done.
3Inspection of welds and verification of the heat treatment process in accordance with rules or codes.
4Witnessing of hydrostatic pressure tests in accordance with rules or codes.
5Inspection of securing arrangements, connections with associated systems and verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of safety, control and monitoring devices.
6Witnessing of operational tests of the system in accordance with rules or codes.

PART IVPeriodic General Inspections and Periodic Special Inspections

DIVISION I(Section 19)Periodic General Inspection

ItemRequirements
1For steam and exhaust systems, where applicable and, in the opinion of the inspector, practicable,
  • (a) inspection of securing arrangements and of locations where fluid leakage and excessive vibration may occur; and

  • (b) verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of reducing valves, safety valves and associated pressure gauges.

2For boiler water and cooling water systems, where applicable and, in the opinion of the inspector, practicable,
  • (a) inspection of securing arrangements, of locations where fluid leakage may occur and of sea inlet and discharge connections; and

  • (b) verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of valves and components within the systems.

3For pumps, where applicable and, in the opinion of the inspector, practicable,
  • (a) verification that the pumps are operational and in correct adjustment; and

  • (b) verification that all control, monitoring, alarm and safety devices are operational and in correct adjustment.

DIVISION IIPeriodic General Inspection

SUBDIVISION I(Subsection 20(1))Parts to be Inspected
ItemRequirements
1Except as prescribed in Schedules I to III, safety valves, pressure gauges and other components in steam, boiler water and cooling water systems and reducing valves in steam systems are to be inspected without opening up unless considered necessary by the inspector on the basis of the general condition of the steam, boiler water and cooling water systems.
2Subject to items 3 to 6, steam piping systems that have an external diameter in excess of 75 mm shall have selected pipes removed for
  • (a) external inspection of flange connections;

  • (b) internal inspection as far as practicable; and

  • (c) hydrostatic pressure testing to 1.5 times the assigned working pressure.

3Pipes selected for inspection shall be different from the pipes selected during the previous inspection so that in the course of successive inspections all pipes of the system are inspected and tested.
4Steam piping that has an external diameter in excess of 75 mm and that has welded joints between lengths of pipe or between pipes and valves shall have
  • (a) the insulation that is in the way of welds removed;

  • (b) the piping hydrostatically pressure tested to 1.5 times the assigned working pressure; and

  • (c) the joints inspected and where necessary examined by means of a magnetic-particle, dye-penetrant or other crack detection method.

5All copper steam pipes that have an external diameter in excess of 75 mm, shall be subjected to a hydrostatic pressure test of twice the assigned working pressure of the system and all seams, including longitudinal seams where fitted, exposed for inspection.
6Copper steam pipes that have an external diameter in excess of 75 mm and that are subject to flexing action through expansion or vibration and copper steam piping immediately adjacent to machinery shall be removed for annealing prior to being hydrostatically pressure tested in accordance with subitem 2(c).
7For pumps and driving components, where applicable,
  • (a) all internal and external parts including valves, bearings and safety devices; and

  • (b) all securing arrangements without dismantling if a general examination shows that the condition of the components is suitable for further service.

8For shipside sea inlet valves, strainers, overboard discharge valves and valves connected to internal sea bays, keel coolers, reserve feed water tanks and observation tanks,
  • (a) internal and external parts; and

  • (b) all securing arrangements without dismantling if a general examination indicates that the condition of the components is suitable for further service.

9No inspection is required for speed regulating governors and other complex mechanisms where written information is provided to the inspector from firms specializing in the reconditioning of these parts indicating that the parts are in good order and adjustment.
SUBDIVISION II(Subsection 20(2))Intervals
ItemRequirements
1Components listed in item 1 of Subdivision I, at intervals not exceeding five years.
2Subject to item 3, superheated steam pipes, at intervals not exceeding four years.
3Saturated steam pipes and superheated steam pipes that have an external diameter of less than 75 mm and not subject to temperatures exceeding 450°C, eight years after installation and thereafter at intervals not exceeding four years.
4Pumps and driving components, at intervals not exceeding five years.
  • SOR/2015-161, ss. 25(E), 26(F)

SCHEDULE XICompressed Air and Refrigerating Gas Systems

PART I(Section 4)Design Specifications

ItemRequirements
1Means shall be provided to prevent over-pressure in any part of compressed air and refrigerating gas systems and in water jackets or casings of compressors and coolers that may be subjected to over-pressure due to pressurized air or gas leakage.
2Where necessary, engine starting compressed air arrangements shall be adequately protected against the effects of backfiring and internal explosion in the starting air pipes.
3All discharge pipes from starting air compressors shall lead directly to the starting air receivers, and all starting pipes from the air receivers to main or auxiliary engines shall be entirely separate from the compressor discharge piping system.
4Means shall be provided to reduce to a minimum the entry of oil into the air pressure systems and to drain those systems.
5Where soldering is to be used for piping connections, the metal shall be silver solder.

PART II(Section 6)Plans

ItemRequired Information
Compressed Air Systems
1General arrangement of unfired pressure vessels, compressors, air-driven machinery, valves, piping, moisture traps, reducing valves, safety valves, pressure gauges and drainage arrangements, particularly where susceptible to frost damage.
2Installation details indicating assigned working pressures, temperatures and flow rates.
3Materials, sizes, capacities, design working pressures, temperatures, testing arrangements and procedures of compressors, air driven machinery, piping, valves and other components.
4Details of
  • (a) pipe connections to flanges or other joining arrangements;

  • (b) securing arrangements of compressors, air driven machinery, piping and allowances for vibration; and

  • (c) protection against piping damage and over-pressure to or from cooling fluid in integral jackets.

5Information set out in items 1 to 4 is not required to be submitted for
  • (a) ships not in excess of 18 m and certificated to carry not more than 12 passengers; or

  • (b) systems with an assigned working pressure not in excess of 103 kPa.

6Information for valves and similar minor components referred to in item 3 is not required to be submitted where a manufacturer or an approved classification society certifies that the types of valves or similar minor components have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes.
7Information for compressors or air driven machinery referred to in item 3 is not required to be submitted where an approved classification society certifies that the compressors or air driven machinery have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes except that the driving or driven components shall meet the requirements of Part II of the applicable schedule of Schedules I to XV.
Refrigerating Gas Systems
8General arrangement and location of compressors, valves, driers, strainers, oil separators, safety devices, sight glasses, piping, temperature and pressure gauges, alarms, condensers, liquid receivers, evaporation arrangements, refrigerated and air conditioned spaces.
9Installation details indicating assigned working pressures, temperatures and capacities.
10Materials, sizes, capacities, design working pressures, temperatures, testing arrangements and procedures of compressors, piping, valves and other components.
11Details of
  • (a) pipe connections to flanges or other joining arrangements;

  • (b) securing arrangements of compressors and piping, allowances for vibration, thermal expansion and contraction and insulation;

  • (c) protection against piping damage and against over-pressure to crankcases and to or from cooling fluid in integral jackets of machinery; and

  • (d) ventilating refrigeration machinery spaces and, for ammonia systems, the gas containing and clearing methods.

12Information set out in items 8 to 11 is not required to be submitted for
  • (a) ships not in excess of 18 m certificated to carry not more than 12 passengers; or

  • (b) systems where the power absorbed by the gas compressor is not in excess of 10 kW except where the gas is ammonia.

13Information for valves and similar minor components referred to in item 10 is not required to be submitted where a manufacturer or an approved classification society certifies that the types of valves or similar minor components have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes.
14Information for compressors referred to in item 10 is not required to be submitted where an approved classification society certifies that the compressors have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes except that the driving motors or engines of the compressors shall meet the requirements of Part II of the applicable schedule of Schedules I to XV.

PART III(Subsection 12(2))Construction and Installation Inspections

DIVISION IConstruction Inspection

ItemRequirements
1None.

DIVISION IIInstallation Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Identification from component inspection certificates, before installation is commenced, of compressors, piping, flexible hoses, components and materials to be used, including welding or brazing metal.
2Verification that welding was carried out by welders certified by a Provincial Government of Canada, or another authority having similar standards where the welding was carried out outside Canada, for the class of work to be done.
3Inspection of welds.
4Witnessing of hydrostatic pressure tests and for a refrigerating gas system, verification that gas leak testing has been satisfactorily carried out in accordance with rules or codes.
5Inspection of securing arrangements of compressors and heat exchangers, connection of piping to associated systems and verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of safety, control and monitoring devices.
6Witnessing of operational tests of the system in accordance with rules or codes.
7Items 1 to 6 do not apply to
  • (a) non-essential ship systems containing compressed air and having an assigned working pressure not exceeding 103 kPa; and

  • (b) refrigerating gas systems where the power absorbed by the gas compressor is not in excess of 10 kW, except where the gas is ammonia.

PART IVPeriodic General Inspections and Periodic Special Inspections

DIVISION I(Section 19)Periodic General Inspection

ItemRequirements
1For air and refrigerating gas compressors and air-driven machinery, where applicable and, in the opinion of the inspector, practicable, verification that the compressors, air-driven machinery, cooling systems, control, monitoring alarm and safety devices are in correct adjustment and operational condition.
2For compressed air and refrigerating gas piping systems, where applicable and, in the opinion of the inspector, practicable,
  • (a) inspection of securing and insulating arrangements of piping systems and of locations where fluid leakage and excessive vibration may occur; and

  • (b) verification that valves and fittings within the system are in correct adjustment and operational condition.

3Items 1 and 2 do not apply to
  • (a) non-essential ship systems containing compressed air and having an assigned working pressure not in excess of 103 kPa; and

  • (b) refrigerating gas systems where the power absorbed by the gas compressor is not in excess of 10 kW, except where the gas is ammonia.

DIVISION IIPeriodic Special Inspection

SUBDIVISION I(Subsection 20(1))Parts to be Inspected
ItemRequirements
1For compressed air systems
  • (a) all compressor and air driven machinery external parts and internal parts of crankcases or rotary machinery casings without further dismantling if the general condition of the machinery shows that it is suitable for further service;

  • (b) compressor machinery shut-off valves, safety devices and other components without dismantling if the general condition of the machinery shows that it is suitable for further service; and

  • (c) all securing arrangements without dismantling if a general examination shows that the condition of the components is suitable for further service.

2Item 1 does not apply to non-essential ship systems containing compressed air and having an assigned working pressure of not less than 103 kPa.
3No periodic special inspection is required for complex mechanisms where written information is provided to the inspector from firms specializing in the reconditioning of these parts indicating that the parts are in good order and adjustment.
SUBDIVISION II(Subsection 20(2))Intervals
ItemRequirements
1At intervals not exceeding five years.

SCHEDULE XIIFuel Oil Systems

PART I(Section 4)Design Specifications

ItemRequirements
1Subject to items 2 and 3, fuel oil for all fixed installations shall have a flash-point of not less than 60°C (closed cup test).
2Fuel oil for fixed installations may have a flash-point of not less than 43°C (closed cup test) where
  • (a) the ship is on geographically restricted voyages and measures are taken so that the ambient temperature of the spaces in which the fuel is stored or used does not rise to within 10°C below the flash-point of the fuel;

  • (b) the fuel oil in the storage tank is not heated to more than 38°C; and

  • (c) thermostats or thermometers are fitted to the main suction lines of transfer and service pumps.

3Fuel oil for emergency generator service may have a flash-point of not less than 43°C (closed cup test).
4Fixed fuel oil systems for helicopters and for non-fixed equipment shall have additional safety features taking into account the quantity of fuel carried and the hazardous properties of the fuel.
5Small approved portable containers holding fuel oil with a flash-point of lower than 43°C shall
  • (a) meet the Canadian Standards Association standard Portable Containers For Gasoline and Other Petroleum Fuels, as amended from time to time; and

  • (b) be stored outside machinery spaces.

6For ships operating in extremely cold conditions with exposed fuel oil piping to the emergency generator from an external deck-mounted fuel tank, means shall be taken so that the fuel oil viscosity will not adversely affect oil flow and where warming systems are used, the system shall incorporate a heat-limiting device to ensure that the oil is not heated to a temperature exceeding 20°C.
7The ventilation of spaces in which fuel oil is used shall be sufficient to prevent accumulation of oil vapour.
Tanks
8Fuel oil shall not be stored in the forepeak and the tanks shall, as far as practicable, form part of the ship structure.
9Where fuel oil tanks, except double bottom tanks, are located adjacent to machinery spaces of category A out of necessity, they shall have a common boundary, where practicable, with the double bottom tanks, and the area of the tank boundary common with the machinery spaces of category A shall be kept to a minimum.
10Where practicable, the use of non-structural fuel oil tanks shall be avoided, but where used such tanks shall
  • (a) be fitted with a drip tray with drains that lead to a sludge tank; and

  • (b) be located in spaces other than machinery spaces of category A on ships

    • (i) certificated to carry more than 12 passengers, or

    • (ii) in excess of 500 tons gross tonnage.

11No fuel oil tank shall be located where spillage or leakage from the tank creates a hazard by falling on heated surfaces.
12Fuel oil tanks for cooking and cabin hot-air heating appliances shall not be installed in the same spaces as the appliances and the supply of oil to appliance burners shall be capable of being shut off from positions outside the spaces in which the appliances are fitted.
13Quantities of fuel oil in tanks may be determined by
  • (a) sounding pipes with suitable means of closure at their upper ends and terminating on the open deck if practicable; or

  • (b) other safe and efficient means that on failure or over-filling of the tanks will not permit the release of fuel oil, where a supplementary means of manual sounding is provided.

14Where fuel oil quantities in a tank are determined by means other than sounding pipes, the installation of the system shall be in accordance with the following requirements:
  • (a) for ships certificated to carry more than 12 passengers, the system shall not require penetration of the tank below the top; and

  • (b) for ships certificated to carry 12 passengers or less, the system may include the use of oil-level gauges with flat glasses and self-closing valves between the gauges and the oil tank, but may not include the use of cylindrical gauge glasses.

15Provision shall be made to prevent over-pressure in any fuel tank or system by means of
  • (a) flame-screened vent pipes terminating on the open deck if practicable; and

  • (b) relief valve discharges leading back to the suction sides of pumps or to suitable tanks.

16Subject to item 17, every fuel oil pipe that if damaged would allow fuel oil to escape either by gravity or siphon action from a storage, settling or daily service tank located in a space above the double bottom shall be fitted with a cock or valve on the tank that is capable of being closed from a safe location outside the space.
17In the case of deep tanks situated in any shaft or pipe tunnel or similar compact space, valves shall be fitted on the tanks and remote control may be operated by means of an additional valve outside the compact space.
18Where an additional valve is fitted in the machinery space it shall be operable from outside that space.
Piping and Components
19As far as practicable, all parts of a fuel oil system containing heated oil under pressure exceeding 180 kPa shall be located so that defects and leakage can be readily observed.
20Machinery space fuel oil piping and components shall be adequately illuminated.
21Means shall be provided to prevent oil that may escape under pressure from a component from coming into contact with heated surfaces.
22Drip trays with drains leading to a sludge oil tank shall be fitted under all components where leakage may occur.
23Fuel oil pipes shall be of steel or similar fire and pressure-resistant material, except that short flexible hoses may be used in accordance with Schedule IX.
24Flexible hoses and end attachments shall be of fire-resistant materials of adequate strength and shall be constructed in accordance with Schedule IX.
Incinerators, Cooking Ranges and Cabin Hot-Air Heating Appliances
25Printed manufacturer’s instructions for the proper installation, maintenance and operation of each fuel oil burning appliance shall be permanently mounted in a visible location adjacent to the appliance.
26

In addition to the instructions referred to in item 25, the following safety instructions shall be prominently posted in spaces, other than machinery spaces, where fuel oil burning appliances are located:

“WARNING

ENSURE THAT FRESH AIR VENTILATION SYSTEM IS IN OPERATION WHEN USING FUEL-BURNING APPLIANCE

If leakage of fuel oil is suspected or detected, the following actions must be taken immediately:

  • (a) shut off supply of fuel;

  • (b) extinguish all naked flames and sources of ignition including heaters, cookers and cigarettes; and

  • (c) ventilate by creating a through draught of fresh air.”

PART II(Section 60)Plans

ItemRequired Information
1General arrangement and location of permanently installed fuel oil systems including connections to boilers, engines, heat exchangers, incinerators, cooking ranges, cabin hot-air heaters, pumps, purifiers, filters, valves, pressure gauges, piping, filling stations, tanks, tank sounding devices, flame-screened venting and overflow arrangements, drip trays and sludge facilities and oil pollution prevention components.
2Structural details of fuel oil tanks not forming part of the hull structure and of not more than 4 500 L capacity.
3Installation details indicating assigned working pressures, temperatures, flow rates and the oil flash-point (closed cup test).
4Materials, sizes, capacities, design working pressures, temperatures, testing arrangements and procedures of incinerators, pumps, purifiers, filters, valves, tank sounding and venting devices, piping and other components.
5Details of
  • (a) pipe connections to flanges or other joining arrangements;

  • (b) securing arrangements for pumps, non-structural tanks, appliances, piping, flexible hose installations and other components;

  • (c) piping insulation and hazard protection particularly against heated oil;

  • (d) cross connection with other systems; and

  • (e) remote control of valves in systems.

6Information set out in items 3 to 5 need not be submitted for ships not in excess of 18 m in length.
7Information for valves and similar minor components referred to in item 4 is not required to be submitted where a manufacturer or an approved classification society certifies that the types of valves or similar minor components have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes.
8Information for pumps or purifiers referred to in item 4 is not required to be submitted where an approved classification society certifies that the pumps or purifiers have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes except that the driving motor or engine of pumps shall meet the requirements of Part II of the applicable schedule of Schedules I to XV.

PART III(Subsection 12(2))Construction and Installation Inspections

DIVISION IConstruction Inspection

ItemRequirements
1None.

DIVISION IIInstallation Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Identification from component inspection certificates, before installation is commenced, of pumps, appliances, piping, tank sounding and venting devices, flexible hoses, materials, including weld metal, oil pollution prevention equipment and other components to be used.
2Verification that welding was carried out by welders certified by a Provincial Government of Canada, or another authority having similar standards where the welding was carried out outside Canada, for the class of work to be done.
3Inspection of welds.
4Witnessing of hydrostatic pressure tests in accordance with rules or codes and verification of system flushing.
5Inspection of securing arrangements of pumps, heat exchangers and appliances, connection of piping to associated systems and verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of safety, control and monitoring devices.
6Witnessing of operational tests of the system in accordance with rules or codes.

PART IVPeriodic General Inspections and Periodic Special Inspections

DIVISION I(Section 19)Periodic General Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Where applicable and, in the opinion of the inspector, practicable,
  • (a) inspection of securing arrangements and of locations where fluid leakage or excessive vibration may occur, particularly from any heated oil piping and flexible hoses;

  • (b) verification that pumps, heat exchangers, appliances, control, monitoring and alarm systems, tank sounding and venting devices and all oil pollution control devices are in correct adjustment and operational condition;

  • (c) verification that documentation is held aboard the ship indicating the closed cup test flash point of the ship’s fuel oil; and

  • (d) verification that a 0.25 L minimum sample of the fuel oil that is carried and used on board the ship is held aboard ships of 500 tons gross tonnage and over until the fuel oil is completely used.

DIVISION IIPeriodic Special Inspection

SUBDIVISION I(Subsection 20(1))Parts to be Inspected
ItemRequirements
1External and internal parts of pumps and driving components including valves, bearings, control and safety devices, except gear or rotary pumps where dismantling is not required if a general examination shows that the condition of components is suitable for further service.
2Systems shut-off valves, safety devices and other components without dismantling if a general examination shows that the condition of the components is suitable for further service.
3Securing arrangements of components without dismantling if a general examination shows that the condition of the securing arrangements is suitable for further service.
4No special periodic inspection is required for complex mechanisms where written information is provided to the inspector from firms specializing in the reconditioning of these parts that the parts are in good order and adjustment.
SUBDIVISION II(Subsection 20(2))Intervals
ItemRequirements
1At intervals not exceeding five years.
  • SOR/95-372, s. 7(F)
  • SOR/2015-161, ss. 27(F), 28(E)

SCHEDULE XIIILiquefied Petroleum Gas Fuel Systems

PART I(Section 4)Design Specifications

DIVISION IApplication

ItemDescription of Appliances
1This Schedule applies to the following galley and cabin-heating appliances aboard non-passenger ships:
  • (a) domestic gas fuel burning ranges;

  • (b) domestic gas fuel refrigerators;

  • (c) gas fuel space-heaters; and

  • (d) gas fuel water-heaters.

DIVISION IISpecifications

ItemRequirements
1Gas fuel shall have a distinctive odour to indicate the presence of gas down to a concentration of 20 per cent of the lower explosive limit of the gas in the air.
2No liquefied petroleum gas fuel system of a type other than the vapour withdrawal type shall be installed or used in a ship.
3Gas fuel cylinders and regulating and safety devices shall be securely fastened and so located that escaping vapour cannot reach bilges, machinery spaces, accommodation or other enclosed spaces.
4Location of gas fuel cylinders, regulation arrangements and relief valve outlets shall be located only on open decks, on cabin tops, outside cockpits or inside housings that are gas-tight to the hull interior.
5Appliances shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and shall be securely fastened.
6Appliances shall be connected in a manner that prevents undue strain on the piping.
7Only liquefied petroleum gas fuel cylinders that meet the requirements of the Transport of Dangerous Goods Directorate of the Department of Transport or the Interstate Commerce Commission of the United States shall be used.
8Liquefied petroleum gas fuel system components and piping shall have a design working pressure of not less than 1 725 kPa.
Piping Systems
9Gas fuel piping shall
  • (a) be adequately flexible and protected from damage;

  • (b) have a minimum of piping in enclosed spaces;

  • (c) be exposed to sight as far as practicable;

  • (d) be supported by hangers that will not cause damage or corrosion and that are spaced at intervals not exceeding 120 times the outside diameter of the pipe; and

  • (e) have non-abrasive covering for protection where they pass through decks or bulkheads.

10Gas fuel piping shall not be used as part of any electrical circuit or grounding system.
11Gas fuel piping shall not be used as support or restraint for any item or fitting that is not part of the gas system.
12Any valves, regulators or other fittings exceeding 0.5 kg mass per 6 mm of pipe outside diameter shall have their mass supported by means other than the gas piping.
13Gas fuel piping shall be of a sufficient diameter to provide a sufficient supply of gas fuel to meet demand pressures at the point of use and the pressure drop between the regulator and the appliance shall not exceed 10 per cent.
14High-pressure liquefied petroleum gas fuel piping between the gas storage cylinders and the regulators shall have a minimum wall thickness of 1.24 mm and the low-pressure gas fuel piping between the regulators and the gas-burning appliances shall have a minimum wall thickness of 0.81 mm.
15Liquefied petroleum gas fuel piping shall
  • (a) be of seamless steel or copper;

  • (b) have welded, brazed, threaded or flared connections;

  • (c) where brazed connections are used, have brazing metal with a melting point in excess of 540°C; and

  • (d) where carbon steel is used, be painted on its exterior surfaces to prevent corrosion.

16Short reinforced flexible hoses and couplings used to connect the gas fuel piping system to a cylinder or gimballed appliance shall be of a type referred to in item 24.
17Short reinforced flexible hoses shall be of the minimum practicable length but not longer than 1 m and shall not extend from one cabin to another or pass through any bulkheads, partitions, deck heads or decks.
Gas Storage Cylinders
18No gas fuel storage cylinder that permits gas in liquid form to enter any other part of the gas system shall be used.
19Each liquefied petroleum gas fuel storage cylinder shall have a manually operated screw-down shut-off valve mounted directly on the cylinder outlet.
20The manually operated screw-down shut-off valve shall be fitted with a spring-loaded safety device and with a fusible plug designed to yield when the cylinder has been emptied of liquefied petroleum gas by the relief valve under exposure to excessive heat.
21The shut-off valve, the spring-loaded safety device and the fusible plug referred to in item 20 shall each have direct communication with the vapour space of a gas fuel storage cylinder.
22A multiple-cylinder gas fuel system shall be fitted with a manually operated two-way positive shut-off manifold valve so arranged that the replacement of empty cylinders may be made without shutting down the flow of gas in the gas fuel system.
23No electrical connections shall be made within a gas fuel storage cylinder enclosure.
Gas Fuel Components and Appliances
24Except for the gas fuel storage cylinders, only gas fuel components and appliances that meet the requirements of the Canadian Gas Association, the Compressed Gas Association, the Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada or the Underwriters’ Laboratories Incorporated shall be used.
25All valves and regulators embodied in the gas fuel system for the purpose of pressure relief, regulation or control of gas pressure and flow rates shall be securely mounted in a position readily accessible for operation, inspection, maintenance and testing, and shall be protected against physical damage.
26The gas fuel system shall be fitted with a regulating device adjusted to release gas to the consuming appliance at a pressure not in excess of 4.5 kPa.
27The low-pressure side of all regulators in the gas fuel system shall be protected against excessive pressure by means of a suitable relief valve that is fitted to the regulator and set to discharge at a pressure of not less than twice, and not more than three times, the delivery pressure.
28All regulators in the gas fuel system shall be fitted with a pressure gauge located on the high-pressure side of the regulator.
29A master packless shut-off valve controlling all burners simultaneously shall be installed on the console of each gas-burning appliance.
30All appliances incorporating pilot-lights or other continuous-burning flame devices shall incorporate a flame failure device arranged to shut off the main and pilot gas in the event of flame failure.
31Installation clearances between appliances and adjacent combustible material shall not be less than the clearances specified in the manufacturer’s instructions.
32The piping and components in the gas fuel system shall be located so that gas leakage tests may be carried out at prescribed intervals as follows:
  • (a) note the pressure on the gauge when the appliance burner valves are shut and the packless shut-off valve and one cylinder valve are open;

  • (b) note if the pressure on the gauge remains constant for at least 10 minutes when the cylinder valve is closed;

  • (c) if the pressure on the gauge drops before the expiration of 10 minutes, locate the leakage by applying liquid detergent or soap water solution to all connections of the gas fuel system but do not use flame to test for leaks; and

  • (d) repeat subitems (a), (b) and (c) for each cylinder in a multi-cylinder gas fuel system.

Systems Installation for Ships Exceeding 24 m in Length
33Gas fuel storage cylinders and pressure-regulating and relief arrangements shall be
  • (a) installed in a sturdily constructed metal enclosure with ventilation openings at both the top and the bottom of the enclosure;

  • (b) protected from damage, direct rays of the sun and heat; and

  • (c) located on or above the weather deck level and outside the superstructure, with access only from the open deck.

34Spare and empty gas fuel cylinders shall have valve outlets that are capped and may be stored within the metal enclosure or may be secured on the open deck in a location that is protected from damage, direct rays of the sun and heat by a suitable cover, and the enclosure or cover shall be ventilated to prevent the accumulation of gas.
35The metal enclosure shall be designed to be closed at all times except when access is required to change cylinders in the gas system or to maintain equipment, and only the following items shall be stored in the enclosure:
  • (a) liquefied petroleum gas fuel storage cylinders and permanently secured system components; and

  • (b) secured valve-protecting caps for cylinders that are in use.

36Gas fuel storage cylinder pressure-relief valves shall be vented away from the cylinders and, as far as practicable, upwards to prevent impingement of escaping gas onto the cylinders.
37Gas fuel safety device vent outlets shall end at least 1.5 m from enclosed space openings and ventilation intakes.
38Compartments containing liquefied petroleum gas-burning appliances that are located above the weather deck shall be ventilated by
  • (a) at least two natural air ventilator ducts each of which is at least 75 mm in diameter, one leading to and the other leading from the open deck and the extraction duct shall extend from within 15 cm of the deck of the compartment and the inlet duct shall extend to within 15 cm of the deckhead of the compartment; or

  • (b) mechanical ventilation arranged in a manner similar to that described in subitem (a) except that the duct size shall be determined on the basis of at least 10 air changes per hour within the compartment and the fan and its motor, if not spark-proof, shall not be located in the compartment or the extraction duct.

39Compartments that contain liquefied petroleum gas-burning appliances or in which gas may accumulate and that are located entirely below the weather deck shall be ventilated by mechanical ventilation of the positive extraction type with a spark-proof fan and motor having sufficient capacity to effect at least 10 air changes per hour through ventilators leading to and from the open deck and the extraction duct of the ventilator shall extend from the deck level and the inlet duct of the ventilator shall extend to the deckhead of the compartment.
Systems Installation for Ships not Exceeding 24 m in Length
40Gas fuel storage cylinders and pressure-regulating and relief arrangements shall be
  • (a) protected from damage, direct rays of the sun and heat; and

  • (b) located on or above the weather deck level, outside the superstructure, with access only from the open deck.

41Gas fuel storage cylinder pressure-relief valves shall be vented away from the cylinders, and, as far as practicable, upwards to prevent impingement of escaping gas onto the cylinders.
42Gas fuel safety device vent outlets from safety devices shall end as far as practicable from enclosed space openings and ventilation intakes.
43Spare and empty gas fuel cylinders shall have capped valve outlets, and shall be secured on the open deck and protected from damage, direct rays of the sun and heat.
44Compartments that contain gas-burning appliances or in which gas may accumulate shall be efficiently ventilated so that inside air is exhausted through a vent opening located at the lowest part of the compartments.
Safety Notices for All Ships
45Printed manufacturer’s instructions for the proper installation, maintenance and operation of each gas-burning appliance shall be permanently mounted in a readily visible location adjacent to the appliance.
46The gas fuel cylinder storage location shall prominently display the following warning and operating instructions:

“WARNING

LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS FUEL

NO OPEN FLAME

NO SMOKING

BEFORE TURNING ON GAS FUEL READ OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS BELOW

KEEP CYLINDER VALVES CLOSED WHEN CYLINDER EMPTY OR SHIP IS UNATTENDED

BE SURE ALL APPLIANCE VALVES ARE CLOSED BEFORE OPENING THE CYLINDER VALVES

CLOSE APPLIANCE VALVES WHEN APPLIANCE IS NOT IN USE

TEST SYSTEM FOR LEAKAGE AT LEAST TWICE A MONTH

CONSUMER OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

  • 1 Read and observe the appliance manufacturer’s instructions.

  • 2 Never use a gas fuel appliance without ventilation.

  • 3 Do not use the cooking appliance for space-heating.

  • 4 To remove an empty cylinder:

    • (a) close cylinder valve and burn out the gas fuel in the line by lighting all appliance burners;

    • (b) when the gas stops burning, close the appliance valves; and

    • (c) disconnect the empty cylinder, leaving the cylinder valve closed.

  • 5 To install a full cylinder:

    • (a) check that all appliance valves are in the closed position;

    • (b) secure the cylinder to mounting and the outlet of the cylinder valve to the gas fuel system;

    • (c) open the cylinder valve and test cylinder and regulator connections for leaks with a soap and water solution or another leak detection device, but never use a naked flame for testing; and

    • (d) one at a time, open the appliance valves and light the burners and allow for a sufficient length of time to ensure that there is no air in the lines to interrupt gas fuel flow.”

47The following warning and safety instructions shall be prominently posted in spaces where gas fuel appliances are located:

“WARNING

ENSURE THAT FRESH AIR VENTILATION SYSTEM IS IN OPERATION WHEN USING FUEL-BURNING APPLIANCE

  • 1 If leakage of gas fuel is suspected or detected, the following actions must be taken immediately:

    • (a) shut off the supply of gas by closing the main cylinder valve or valves;

    • (b) extinguish all naked flames and other sources of ignition, including heaters, cookers, pilot lights and cigarettes;

    • (c) do not operate electric switches or cause electric sparks;

    • (d) advise the Master or engineer;

    • (e) ventilate by creating a through draught to disperse the gas as liquefied petroleum gas is heavier than air and will tend to settle;

    • (f) if possible evacuate the area because a leak with no fire may form an explosive mixture; and

    • (g) remove all cylinders from the vessel if leakage cannot be stopped.

  • 2 If any soot accumulates on pans or parts of the appliance or any unusual odours occur, the appliance should not be used until it is repaired as the appliance may be producing a deadly gas.”

PART II(Section 6)Plans

ItemRequired Information
1General arrangement and location of the complete system including gas fuel cylinders, components, piping, appliances, venting and safety arrangements.
2Installation details stating assigned working pressures, materials and sizes of cylinders, components, piping and appliances.
3Details of
  • (a) cylinder, component, piping and appliance connections;

  • (b) securing arrangements for cylinders, components, pipes and appliances; and

  • (c) hazard protection for cylinders, components, pipes and appliances.

4Data indicating the authority referred to in items 7 and 24 of Division II of Part I for cylinders, components and appliances.
5Information set out in items 1 to 4 is not required to be submitted for ships not exceeding 24 m in length.

PART III(Subsection 12(2))Construction and Installation Inspections

DIVISION IConstruction Inspection

ItemRequirements
1None.

DIVISION IIInstallation Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Identification from component inspection certificates, before installation is commenced, of gas fuel storage cylinders, components, piping, flexible hoses, appliances and vent fans.
2Inspection of securing arrangements, protective housings, component and piping connections, venting arrangements, all safety devices and arrangements.
3Witnessing of gas fuel pressure and leakage tests as follows:
  • (a) note the pressure on the gauge when the appliance burner valves are shut and the packless shut-off valve and one cylinder valve are open;

  • (b) note if the pressure on the gauge remains constant for at least 10 minutes when the cylinder valve is closed;

  • (c) if the pressure on the gauge drops before the expiration of 10 minutes, locate the leakage by applying liquid detergent or soap water solution to all connections of the gas system but do not use flame to test for leaks; and

  • (d) repeat subitems (a), (b) and (c) for each cylinder in a multi-cylinder gas fuel system.

4Witnessing of operational tests of the system and verification that safety and operating instructions are posted in accordance with items 44 and 45 of Division II of Part I.

PART IVPeriodic General Inspections and Periodic Special Inspections

DIVISION I(Section 19)Periodic General Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Inspection of securing arrangements and for evidence of gas fuel leakage.
2Verification that all components and venting systems are in correct adjustment and operational condition.
3Verification that safety and operating instructions are correctly posted.

DIVISION IIPeriodic Special Inspection

SUBDIVISION I(Subsection 20(1))Parts to be Inspected
ItemRequirements
1Entire gas fuel systems
  • (a) for evidence of deterioration or leakage without dismantling if a general examination shows that the condition of the liquefied petroleum gas fuel systems is suitable for further service; and

  • (b) by witnessing of a gas leakage test in accordance with item 3 of Division II of Part III.

2Securing arrangements of gas fuel systems without dismantling if a general examination shows that the condition of components is suitable for further service.
3Gas cylinders to verify that they have been tested in accordance with the requirements of the Transport of Dangerous Goods Directorate of the Department of Transport.
4A gas fuel storage cylinder shall be rejected for further service regardless of the date of its previous test if it
  • (a) leaks;

  • (b) is weakened appreciably by corrosion, denting or bulging or shows other evidence of rough usage;

  • (c) has lost five per cent of its tare weight; or

  • (d) has been in a fire.

5Fans and ducting of venting systems to verify that they are suitable for the required use.
SUBDIVISION II(Subsection 20(2))Intervals
ItemRequirements
1At intervals not exceeding five years.
  • SOR/2015-161, ss. 29(E), 30(E), 31(F)

SCHEDULE XIVLubricating Oil and Hydraulic Power Oil Systems

PART I(Section 4)Design Specifications

ItemRequirements
1Where the ship is to operate in low ambient temperatures, measures shall be taken to maintain essential deck machinery lubricating oil and hydraulic power oil at a viscosity suitable for reliable operation of the machinery.
Tanks
2No lubricating oil or hydraulic power oil tank shall be located where spillage or leakage from the tanks creates a hazard by falling on heated surfaces.
3No lubricating oil or hydraulic power oil shall be carried in the fore-peak.
4Means shall be provided to prevent over-pressure in
  • (a) any lubricating oil or hydraulic power oil tank by way of flame screened vent pipes terminating in a safe location; and

  • (b) any lubricating oil or hydraulic power oil system by relief valve discharges leading back to suction sides of pumps or to suitable tanks.

5Quantities of lubricating oil or hydraulic power oil in tanks shall be determined by
  • (a) sounding pipes with suitable means of closure at their upper ends that terminate in a safe location;

  • (b) heat resistant gauge glasses protected from mechanical damage and fitted with self-closing valves at the lower end and at the top of the glasses if the valves are connected to the tank below the maximum liquid level; or

  • (c) other safe and efficient means where a supplementary means of manual sounding is fitted.

6Subject to item 7, for ships certificated to carry more than 12 passengers and other ships in excess of 500 tons gross tonnage, every pressurized lubricating oil system pipe which when damaged allows oil to escape from a storage or service tank situated above the double bottom, shall be fitted with a cock or valve on the tank capable of being closed from a safe position outside the space.
7In the case of tanks situated in any shaft or pipe tunnel or similar compact space, cocks or valves shall be fitted on the tanks and remote control may be operated by means of an additional valve outside the compact space.
8Where the additional valve is fitted in the machinery space it shall be operable from outside this space.
Piping and Components
9As far as practicable, all parts of a lubricating oil or hydraulic power oil system containing heated oil under pressure exceeding 180 kPa shall be located so that defects and leakage can readily be observed.
10Machinery space lubricating oil and hydraulic power oil piping and components shall be adequately illuminated.
11Means shall be taken to prevent oil that may escape under pressure from any component from coming into contact with heated surfaces.
12Drip trays with drains leading to a sludge oil tank shall be fitted under all components where leakage may occur.
13Lubricating oil and hydraulic power oil pipes shall be of steel or similar fire and pressure resistant material, except that flexible hoses are permissible in accordance with Schedule IX.
14Sight flow glasses in piping systems shall be of fire resistant types.

PART II(Section 6)Plans

ItemRequired Information
1General arrangement and location of permanently installed oil systems, including connections to all applicable machinery, heat exchangers, pumps, purifiers, filters, valves, piping, filling stations, tanks, tank sounding devices, flame screened venting and overflow arrangements, drip-trays and sludge facilities and oil pollution prevention components.
2Structural details of tanks not forming part of the hull structure.
3Installation details indicating assigned working pressures, temperatures, flow rates, oil flash-point (closed cup test) and oil viscosity at highest and lowest operating temperatures.
4Materials, sizes, capacities, design working pressures, temperatures, testing arrangements and procedures of pumps, purifiers, piping, valves and other components.
5Details of
  • (a) pipe connections to flanges or other joining arrangements;

  • (b) securing arrangements for pumps, non-structural tanks, piping, flexible hose installations and other components;

  • (c) piping hazard protection, particularly against heated oil; and

  • (d) remote control of valves in systems.

6Information set out in items 1 and 3 to 5 is not required to be submitted for
  • (a) ships not in excess of 18 m in length and certificated to carry not more than 12 passengers;

  • (b) a lubricating oil system in which the oil storage tank capacity is not in excess of 250 L; and

  • (c) a hydraulic power oil system for

    • (i) non-essential services, or

    • (ii) units where the total output power is not in excess of 2 kW.

7Information for valves and similar minor fittings referred to in item 4 is not required to be submitted where a manufacturer or an approved classification society certifies that the types of valves or similar minor components have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes.
8Information for pumps and purifiers referred to in item 4 is not required to be submitted where an approved classification society certifies that the pumps or purifiers have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes except that the driving motor or engine of pumps shall meet the requirements of Part II of the applicable schedule of Schedules I to XV.

PART III(Subsection 12(2))Construction and Installation Inspections

DIVISION IConstruction Inspection

ItemRequirements
1None.

DIVISION IIInstallation Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Identification from component inspection certificates, before installation is commenced, of pumps, applicable essential machinery, piping, flexible hoses, materials, including welding metal, and other components to be used.
2Verification that welding was carried out by welders certified by a Provincial Government of Canada, or another authority having similar standards where the welding was carried out outside Canada, for the class of work to be done.
3Inspection of welds.
4Witnessing of hydrostatic pressure tests in accordance with rules or codes and verification of system flushing.
5Inspection of securing arrangements of the lubricating oil and hydraulic power oil system and verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of safety, control and monitoring devices.
6Witnessing of operational tests of the system in accordance with rules or codes.

PART IVPeriodic General Inspections and Periodic Special Inspections

DIVISION I(Section 19)Periodic General Inspection

ItemRequirements
1For essential lubricating oil and hydraulic power oil systems and, in locations where oil leakage is hazardous, non-essential systems,
  • (a) inspection of securing arrangements and of locations where fluid leakage or excessive vibration may occur, particularly any heated piping or flexible hoses;

  • (b) verification that the lubricating oil and hydraulic power oil system, control, monitoring and alarm systems are in correct adjustment and operational condition.

DIVISION IIPeriodic Special Inspection

SUBDIVISION I(Subsection 20(1))Parts to be Inspected
ItemRequirements
1For essential lubricating oil and hydraulic power oil systems,
  • (a) external and internal parts of pumps and driving components including valves, bearings, controls, and safety devices, except gear or rotary pumps where dismantling is not required if a general examination shows that the condition of the components is suitable for further service;

  • (b) systems shut-off valves, safety devices and other components without dismantling if a general examination shows that the condition of the components is suitable for further service; and

  • (c) securing arrangements without dismantling if a general examination shows that the condition of the components is suitable for further service.

2No periodic special inspection is required for complex mechanisms where written information is provided to the inspector from firms specializing in the reconditioning of these parts that the parts are in good order and adjustment.
SUBDIVISION II(Subsection 20(2))Intervals
ItemRequirements
1At intervals not exceeding five years.
  • SOR/2015-161, ss. 32, 33(F)

SCHEDULE XVBilge and Ballast Pumping Systems, Heeling, Trimming and Passive Roll Stabilizing Tank Filling and Emptying Systems

PART I(Section 4)Design Specifications

DIVISION IApplication

ItemDescription of Ships
1

In this Schedule,

Group 1 ship

Group 1 ship means a ship certificated to carry more than 12 passengers that is on a voyage as follows:

  • (a) Foreign voyage, or

  • (b) Home Trade Class I or II;

Group 2 ship

Group 2 ship means a ship certificated to carry more than 12 passengers that is on a voyage as follows:

  • (a) Home Trade Class III to ports outside Canada,

  • (b) where the ship is over 150 tons gross tonnage, Inland Water Class I or II to ports outside Canada, and

  • (c) where the ship is over 61 m length,

    • (i) Home Trade Class III to Canadian ports only,

    • (ii) Inland Water Class I or II to Canadian ports only, or

    • (iii) Minor Waters Class I;

Group 3 ship

Group 3 ship means any passenger and non-passenger ship over 18 m in length that is not a Group 1 or a Group 2 ship;

Group 4 ship

Group 4 ship means a ship that is over 5 tons gross tonnage, does not exceed 18 m in length and is not a launch;

Group 5 ship

Group 5 ship means a ship that is

  • (a) not over five tons gross tonnage and certificated to carry passengers; or

  • (b) is a launch.

DIVISION iiGroups 1, 2 and 3 Ships

ItemRequirements
Pumping Systems
1Water shall be prevented from inadvertently passing from
  • (a) water-containing spaces or the sea into cargo or machinery spaces; or

  • (b) from one compartment to another.

2Piping systems shall be arranged as follows:
  • (a) the bilge pipe connection to a pump that has suction from the sea shall include either a screw-down non-return valve or a cock that cannot be open to the bilges and to the water-containing spaces or the sea at the same time; and

  • (b) an arrangement of lock-up valves or blank flanges shall be provided to prevent any deep tank from being inadvertently filled from the sea when containing cargo or pumped out through a bilge pipe when containing ballast water and explanatory notices shall be conspicuously displayed near the components involved.

3Screw-down non-return valves shall be fitted in the following components:
  • (a) bilge valve distribution manifolds;

  • (b) bilge suction hose connections, where fitted directly to the pump or to the main bilge suction pipe; and

  • (c) direct bilge suction pipes and bilge pump connections to the main bilge suction pipe.

4All cocks and valves that are connected to bilge and ballast pipes shall be fitted with legible name-plates and shall be in readily accessible positions.
5For ships, other than tankers and similar ships, branch bilge suction pipes shall be connected to the main bilge suction pipes and shall be arranged to draw water from any cargo hold, tunnel, machinery space or similar compartment, except that in chain lockers and other small spaces independent pumps that are power or manually driven may be used.
6Subject to items 7 and 118 to 121, bilge suction pipes that are required for drawing water from cargo or machinery spaces shall be entirely separate from sea inlet pipes or from pipes that may be used for filling or emptying spaces where water or oil is carried.
7The following connections may be used in bilge suction systems:
  • (a) a connecting pipe to a bilge water ejector, where the bilge water ejector provides a service equivalent to a pump;

  • (b) a connecting pipe from a pump to its suction valve manifold; or

  • (c) a deep tank suction pipe suitably connected through a change-over device to the bilge, ballast or oil-pumping system.

8Ballast water shall not be carried in tanks intended for fuel oil unless required for the stability of the ship or other safety reasons.
9Where tanks, including passive roll-stabilizing tanks, are arranged for alternative carriage of oil, water or dry cargo, there shall be blank flanging or other suitable arrangements to prevent interconnection of pumping, overflow or liquid heating systems.
10Bilge suction pipes shall not be carried through double bottom tanks unless alternative routing is impracticable.
11Bilge suction pipes that pass through double bottom tanks shall be of extra-heavy thickness.
12Bilge suction pipes that pass through deep tanks shall be led through pipe tunnels, but where such leading is not practicable, the pipes shall be of extra-heavy thickness and fitted in one length if practicable, with welded or heavily flanged joints.
13Provision for expansion of pipes shall be made and within tanks expansion bends only shall be fitted.
14The open ends of the bilge suction pipes in the holds shall be fitted with non-return valves suitable for use in cargo holds.
15The distance between the lower end of all bilge suction tailpipes and the bottom of the bilge or well shall be adequate to allow a full flow of water and to facilitate cleaning.
16Bilge and ballast suction and discharge pipes shall be made in readily removable lengths with flanged joints, except as prescribed in item 12, and shall be efficiently secured in position to prevent chafing or movement.
17Long or heavy lengths of pipes shall be supported by bearers so that no undue load will be carried by the flanged connections of the pumps or fittings to which the flanged connections are attached.
18Subject to subitem 9(c) of Division II of Part I of Schedule IX, pipes for bilge, ballast and similar systems shall be made of steel or other metallic material.
19Piping, valves, mud boxes, strainers and extended spindles, where fitted, shall be protected against damage, particularly in cargo holds where spindles shall be encased.
20Shipside connections shall be designed, constructed and installed in accordance with rules or codes and Schedule VII.
Machinery Space Normal Bilge Pumping
21The machinery space bilge-water means of drainage for normal bilge pumping shall be such that any water that enters the space can be pumped out through at least two bilge suction pipes when the ship is on an even keel and is either upright or is listing by not more than 5°.
22One of the suction pipes shall be a branch bilge suction pipe leading from the main bilge suction pipe and the other shall be a direct bilge suction pipe leading directly from an independent power pump that may be used independently of the main bilge suction piping system.
23Where the double bottom extends the full length of the machinery space and forms bilges at the sides of the machinery space, one branch bilge suction pipe and one direct bilge suction pipe shall lead to each side bilge.
24Where the double bottom extends the full length and breadth of the machinery space and is fitted with bilge wells, one branch bilge suction pipe and one direct bilge suction pipe shall lead to each of the two bilge wells having a capacity of not less than 150 L and situated one at each side of the machinery space.
25Where there is no double bottom, one branch bilge suction pipe and one direct bilge suction pipe shall lead to accessible locations as near to the centre line of the ship as practicable and, if the rise of the floor is less than 5°, a branch bilge suction pipe shall lead to each side of the machinery space.
26In ships certificated to carry more than 12 passengers, the machinery spaces bilge water drainage shall be such that the spaces, where practicable, can be pumped out after a casualty, whether the ship is upright or listed.
27For ships referred to in item 26 there shall be a direct bilge suction pipe from each independent bilge pump situated in the machinery spaces except that not more than two direct suction pipes, one on the port side and one on the starboard side, are required to be fitted in each machinery space.
28Bilge suction pipes shall lead to the forward sides of the machinery spaces where the bilge-water normally drains forward.
29Where a considerable quantity of cooling water is discharged to the machinery space bilges, means shall be provided to deal with that water in addition to the normal bilge-pumping arrangements where the normal bilge-pumping capacity is inadequate to deal with the additional water.
30Where there are depressions in the tank tops due to inverse camber, double bottom discontinuity or accommodation for machinery, means shall be provided to remove bilge-water accumulation in the depressions.
31Where the main propulsion system is electrical, means shall be provided to prevent accumulation of bilge-water under the main propulsion generators and motors.
32Where a machinery space is divided by watertight bulkheads so as to separate the boiler rooms or auxiliary engine rooms from the main engine room, the number and position of the branch bilge suction pipes in the boiler rooms or auxiliary engine rooms shall be the same as for cargo holds referred to in item 49 except that an additional independent power pump direct bilge suction pipe shall be fitted in each watertight compartment and shall, if practicable, lead to the end of the compartment opposite the branch suction pipe location.
33Provisions similar to those set out in item 32 shall be made in each separate motor room of electrically propelled ships.
34The shaft tunnel aft well suction pipe shall be directly connected to the main bilge suction pipe.
35Where the tank top in the shaft tunnel slopes down from aft to forward, a bilge well shall be provided at the forward end of the tunnel in addition to the aft well referred to in item 34 and one suction pipe may serve both wells if the wells are fitted with separate valves.
36Suction pipes for normal bilge pumping in machinery spaces and shaft tunnels shall lead from easily accessible mud boxes fitted with
  • (a) straight tailpipes to bilges; and

  • (b) covers that are secured in such a manner that they can be expeditiously opened and closed.

37Subject to item 38, strainers shall not be fitted to the lower ends of tailpipes.
38In the case of ships with open floors, strainers with an open area at least three times the area of the suction pipe may be fitted at the lower ends of tail pipes in lieu of mud boxes if the strainers can be fitted in readily accessible locations.
39Bilge cocks, valves and mud boxes shall be fitted at or above the machinery space and shaft tunnel platforms.
40Where it is not practicable to avoid locating bilge cocks, valves and mud boxes at the engine control platform or in passageways, the bilge cocks, valves and mud boxes may be situated just below the platform if readily removable traps or covers are fitted with name-plates indicating the presence of components.
Emergency Bilge Pumping of Machinery Spaces
41In addition to the bilge suction pipes required for normal bilge pumping referred to in items 21 to 40, every machinery space shall be fitted with an emergency bilge suction pipe which pipe shall be
  • (a) led to the main cooling-water pump from a suitable drainage level in the machinery space; and

  • (b) fitted with a screw-down non-return valve that has a spindle extended so that the hand wheel is not less than 460 mm above the bottom platform.

42Where two or more cooling-water pumps are provided, each capable of supplying cooling water for normal propulsion power, only one pump is required to be fitted with an emergency bilge suction pipe.
43In ships with steam-propelled machinery, the emergency bilge suction pipe shall have a diameter of at least two-thirds that of the cooling-water suction pipe connection to the pump, and in other ships, the emergency bilge suction pipe shall have the same diameter as the cooling-water suction pipe connection to the pump.
44Where the main cooling-water pump referred to in subitem 41(a) is less suitable than other available pumps for bilge pumping duties, an emergency bilge suction pipe separate from, and additional to, any other required bilge suction pipe shall be fitted to draw water from the drainage level of a machinery space, and shall
  • (a) lead to the largest available independent power pump; and

  • (b) have the same diameter as the largest suction pipe connection to the pump referred to in subitem (a).

45Except in ships certificated to carry more than 12 passengers, a direct bilge suction pipe on the same side of the ship as the emergency suction pipe may be omitted where the emergency bilge suction pipe is connected to a self-priming type of pump.
46Emergency bilge suction valve name-plates shall be permanently marked “For emergency use only”.
47A flexible suction hose that has a strainer attached to its lower end and that is of sufficient length and diameter that it is capable of being connected to the suction side of an independent power pump shall be located in the boiler room of every coal-burning ship.
Bilge Pumping of Cargo Holds, Tanks and Other Non-machinery Spaces
48An efficient pumping system shall be fitted with bilge suction pipes at suitable drainage levels and located so that all water within any compartment, other than spaces permanently appropriated for the carriage of oil, fresh water or other liquids, can be pumped out through at least one suction pipe when the ship is on an even keel and is either upright or is listing by not more than 5°.
49For the purposes of item 48, suction pipes on each side of the ship are necessary, except in short narrow compartments where one suction pipe can provide effective drainage under the conditions set out in that item.
50In ships certificated to carry more than 12 passengers, the drainage flow arrangements to bilge suction pipes shall be such that all watertight compartments, where practicable, can be pumped out after a casualty, whether the ship is upright or listing.
51The open ends of bilge suction pipes in holds and other compartments outside machinery spaces and shaft tunnels shall be enclosed in strainers that
  • (a) have perforations not more than 10 mm in diameter;

  • (b) have a total perforated area of not less than twice that of the suction pipe; and

  • (c) can be cleared without breaking any joint of the suction pipe.

52Where, due to size or location of a particular compartment, the installation of a bilge suction pipe would be impracticable, and where flooding calculations indicate that the safety of the ship will not be impaired, the installation of a bilge suction pipe is not required to be installed in that compartment.
53Subject to item 118, in ships that have only one cargo hold, where the cargo hold is over 30 m in length bilge suction pipes shall lead to suitable positions in the aft half length and in the forward half length of the cargo hold.
54Where close-fitting ceilings or continuous plates are fitted over side bilges, arrangements shall be made so that water in a hold compartment can find its way to the bilge suction pipes.
55Where the inner bottom plating extends to the side of the ship, the bilge suction pipes shall lead to wells placed at the side, and if the tank top plating has inverse camber, a suction pipe shall also lead to a well fitted at the centre line of the ship.
56Bilge wells shall have a capacity of not less than 150 L, except that in small compartments bilge wells are not required to be fitted if the bilge suction pipes have steel strainers fitted at their lower end.
57Where access openings to bilge wells are necessary, they shall be fitted as near to the suction strainers as practicable.
58Access to the bilge suction strainer of a bilge well shall not be by means of an opening in machinery space or shaft tunnel watertight divisions, except that where such an arrangement is necessary due to the design features and location of the bilge well, the watertight access opening cover shall be of the hinged type, and a permanent metal plate that bears a notice that the cover must be kept closed, except when access is necessary, shall be affixed in a well-lighted position.
59In ships certificated to carry more than 12 passengers, an access opening shall not pass through the machinery space or shaft tunnel watertight divisions.
60Subject to item 61, the integrity of machinery space or shaft tunnel watertight divisions shall not be impaired by fitting scupper pipe discharges into machinery spaces or shaft tunnels from adjacent compartments situated below the bulkhead deck.
61Scupper pipes with valves and that lead from adjacent compartments may be fitted and lead into a strongly constructed scupper drain tank situated in a machinery space or tunnel.
62The scupper drain tank shall be entirely closed and shall be
  • (a) drained by means of a suction pipe leading from the main bilge pipe through a screw-down non-return valve; and

  • (b) vented from a position above the bulkhead deck.

63Means shall be provided for determining the level of water in the scupper drain tank.
64Where one drain tank is used for the drainage of several watertight compartments, the scupper pipes shall be fitted with screw-down non-return valves.
65Means shall be provided for the efficient drainage of the inside of all refrigerated spaces in accordance with rules or codes.
66Means shall be provided for the drainage of the chain locker and watertight compartments above the forepeak tank by manual or power pumps.
67Steering gear compartments or other small enclosed spaces situated above the afterpeak tank shall be provided with suitable means of drainage by manual or power pumps.
68Where the compartments referred to in item 67 are adequately isolated from the adjacent ‘tween-decks, they may be drained by scupper pipes of not less than 35 mm internal diameter discharging to the shaft tunnel, or to machinery spaces in the case of ships with machinery aft, if the pipes are fitted with self-closing cocks situated in well-lighted and visible locations.
69In ships certificated to carry more than 12 passengers, the scupper pipe arrangement referred to in item 68 shall not be fitted unless flooding calculations indicate that the safety of the ship will not be impaired.
Forepeak and Afterpeak Pumping
70Where the forepeak and afterpeak are used as tanks, a separate power pump suction pipe shall lead to each tank, except that in the case of small tanks used for the carriage of domestic fresh water, manual pumps may be used.
71Where the forepeak and afterpeak are not used as tanks and power bilge pumping system suction pipes are not fitted, pumping of both peaks may be effected by manual pumps if the suction lift is within the capacity of the pumps and does not exceed 7.5 m in height.
72The collision bulkhead may be pierced by pipes for tank filling and emptying purposes but no open-ended drain valve or cock shall be fitted.
73The pipes referred to in item 72 shall be provided with screw-down valves that are secured to the bulkhead inside the forepeak and that are
  • (a) capable of being operated from an accessible location above the bulkhead deck; and

  • (b) clearly identified with an indication of their operational status.

74In ships certificated to carry 12 passengers or less, valves referred to in item 73 may be fitted on the aft side of the collision bulkhead and the valves are not required to be capable of remote control if
  • (a) they are readily accessible at all times; and

  • (b) the space in which they are located is not a cargo space.

Watertight Division Components
75No open-ended drain valve or cock shall be fitted to any watertight division where alternative means of drainage are practicable.
76Where fitted, open-ended drain valves and cocks shall be
  • (a) readily accessible at all times;

  • (b) capable of being shut-off from locations above the bulkhead deck; and

  • (c) clearly identified with an indication of their operational status.

77Valves, cocks, pipes or other components attached directly to the plating of tanks and to watertight divisions shall be secured by
  • (a) screwing studs through the plating;

  • (b) using screwed bolts and not by bolts passing through clearance holes; or

  • (c) welding the studs or the bulkhead piece to the plating.

Tank Venting Pipes
78Vent pipes shall be provided for tanks intended to contain liquid.
79Vent pipes shall be arranged to be self-draining when the ship is on an even keel.
80Vent pipes shall be arranged, and the upper part of tanks designed, so that air or gas can freely evacuate.
81Vent pipes shall be fitted at the highest parts of the tanks and, where possible, opposite the filling pipes, when the ship is to be on an even keel.
82When the tank top is of irregular form, the number and location of vent pipes shall be such as to permit the efficient ventilation of the tank.
83Where only one vent pipe is provided, it shall not be used as a filling pipe.
84Vent pipes from double-bottom tanks, deep tanks and other tanks that can be filled from the sea shall lead to above the freeboard deck.
85Vent pipes from compartments such as cofferdams and from all tanks that can be pumped shall not lead to enclosed areas of the ship.
86Means shall be provided to prevent over-pressure or a vacuum in the tanks when closing appliances are in place, by a hole approximately 10 mm in diameter, or other suitable means, in the closing appliance or vent pipe bend.
87In each tank that is capable of being pumped up and in which no over-flow pipe is fitted, the total cross-section of vent pipes shall not be less than 1.25 times the cross-sectional area of the corresponding filling pipes and the internal diameter shall not be less than 50 mm.
88Vent pipes from heeling or trimming pumping system tanks shall be of sufficient size to prevent the tanks from being subjected to a vacuum or over-pressure beyond the designed structural strength of the tanks when the systems are in operation.
89Permanent name-plates shall be attached to the upper part of vent pipes.
Overflow Pipes
90Where necessary, overflow pipes shall be fitted to prevent tanks from being subjected during filling operations to pressures greater than test pressures.
91Overflow pipes shall be fitted where the cross-section of the vent pipes is less than that set out for vent pipes in item 87.
92Overflow pipes shall have name-plates attached to the upper part and shall be led
  • (a) to areas other than enclosed areas of the ship; or

  • (b) to spaces provided with means for evacuating the liquid likely to escape accidentally from the overflow.

93Where overflow pipes from tanks containing the same liquid or from tanks each of which contains a different liquid are connected to a common piping system, provision shall be made to prevent any risk of intercommunication between the tanks while the tanks are being emptied or filled.
94Arrangements shall be made so that a tank cannot be flooded from the sea through the overflow pipe where another tank connected to the same overflow pipe system is bilged.
95Overflow piping systems shall be so arranged as to be self-draining when the ship is on an even keel.
96The internal diameter of overflow pipes shall not be less than 50 mm.
Sounding Arrangements
97Means shall be provided for sounding all tanks and the bilges of those compartments which are not readily accessible and the soundings shall be taken as near to the suction pipes as practicable.
98Bilges of compartments that are not readily accessible shall be fitted with sounding pipes.
99Sounding pipes shall have an identifying name-plate attached to the upper end, be as straight as practicable, and if curved to suit the structure of the ship, the curvature shall be sufficiently easy to permit the ready passage of the sounding rod or chain.
100Suitable sounding devices may be used in lieu of sounding pipes for tank liquid level gauging if a supplementary means of manual sounding is provided.
101Subject to items 102 and 104, sounding pipes shall lead to locations above the bulkhead deck that are accessible at all times.
102In machinery spaces and shaft tunnels where it is not practicable to extend the sounding pipes from double-bottom tanks to above the bulkhead deck, short sounding pipes extending to readily accessible locations at the lowest working-level platform may be fitted.
103Short sounding pipes to water tanks shall be fitted with shut-off cocks or with screw caps attached to the pipes by chains.
104In ships certificated to carry more than 12 passengers, short sounding pipes may be fitted to cofferdams and double-bottom water tanks situated in the machinery spaces only and shall in all cases to be fitted with self-closing cocks.
105Sounding pipes with elbows shall not be fitted to deep tanks unless the pipes and elbows are situated within closed cofferdams or within tanks containing liquids similar to the liquids in the pipes and elbows, but sounding pipes with elbows may be fitted to tanks other than deep tanks and may be used for sounding compartment bilges if it is not practicable to lead sounding pipes directly to the tanks or compartments.
106The elbows of sounding pipes shall be of heavy construction and adequately supported.
107In ships certificated to carry more than 12 passengers, sounding pipes with elbows shall not be fitted.
108Striking plates of adequate thickness and size shall be fitted under open-ended sounding pipes.
109Where slotted sounding pipes having closed ends are used, the closing plugs shall be of heavy construction.
110The internal diameter of sounding pipes shall be not less than 30 mm.
111All sounding pipes for compartments or tanks that pass through refrigerated spaces, or the insulation thereof, and in which the temperature is 0°C or below, shall be suitably insulated and the internal diameter of the pipes shall not be less than 65 mm.
Bilge Piping
112Subject to items 113 to 118 and to items 7 and 8 of Division VI, the internal diameter of main and branch bilge suction pipes shall be in accordance with rules or codes.
113For all ships certificated to carry more than 12 passengers that have a subdivision load line, the diameter of the main bilge pipe shall not be less than that derived in accordance with the following formula, taken to the nearest 5 mm:
Lowercase d equals 25 millimeters plus 1.68 times the square root of the product of L times the sum of B and uppercase D

where

d
is the internal diameter of the bilge pipe, in millimetres
L
is the distance measured between perpendiculars of the ship taken at the extremities of the deepest subdivision load line, in metres
B
is the breadth of the ship measured at the extreme width from outside of frame to outside of frame at or below the deepest subdivision load line, in metres
D
is the moulded depth of the ship to the bulkhead deck, in metres
114The internal diameter of the main bilge suction pipe shall not be less than that of any branch bilge suction pipe and for Group 1 and 2 ships the internal diameter of the main bilge suction pipe shall not be less than 60 mm.
115The internal diameter of the branch bilge suction pipe shall not be less than 50 mm and is not required to be more than 100 mm except in the case of pumping from small spaces, where piping with a diameter of 35 mm or more may be used.
116The internal diameter of the bilge suction pipe to the shaft tunnel well shall not be less than 60 mm except in ships not exceeding 61 m in length, where the internal diameter may not be less than 50 mm.
117Notwithstanding item 114, for ships not exceeding 31 m in length certificated to operate on Minor Waters, Inland Waters Class II or Home Trade Class IV voyages, the diameter of the main and branch bilge suction pipes may be reduced by 20 per cent below the diameter determined in accordance with item 112, but the internal diameter shall not be less than 35 mm.
118For a Group 3 ship that has only one cargo hold, where the hold is over 30 m in length one branch suction pipe only may lead to each side of the after end of the cargo hold if the ship
  • (a) is certificated to operate solely on Inland Waters Class voyages;

  • (b) has double-bottom tanks under the full length and breadth of the cargo hold;

  • (c) has watertight longitudinal bulkheads on both sides of the hold that extend the full length of the hold and extend from the bottom of the ship to the freeboard deck; and

  • (d) is designed so that any water in the hold will drain to at least one of the suction pipes.

119The diameter of the branch suction pipe referred to in item 118 shall not be less than that derived in accordance with the following formula, taken to the nearest 5 mm:
Lowercase d equals 25 millimeters plus 2.16 times the square root of the product of C times the sum of B and uppercase D

where:

d
is the internal diameter of the branch suction pipe, in millimetres
C
is the length of the cargo hold, in metres
B
is the greatest moulded breadth of the ship in metres
D
is the moulded depth of the ship to freeboard deck, in metres
120Where the branch suction pipe referred to in item 118 is used only for the purpose of pumping from the cargo hold, it may be connected to the main bilge pipe or the main ballast pipe, but in such a case
  • (a) the internal diameter of the main pipe shall not be less than the diameter of the branch suction pipe;

  • (b) the appropriate power pump shall have the pumping capacity for the diameter of the main pipe as set out in the Table of Capacities to this Part; and

  • (c) the branch suction pipe shall be fitted with a screw-down non-return valve.

121Where the branch suction pipe referred to in item 118 is used for the purpose of pumping from and filling the cargo hold, it shall be connected to the main ballast pipe, and in such case
  • (a) the internal diameter of the main ballast pipe shall not be less than the diameter of the branch suction pipe;

  • (b) the ballast pump shall have the pumping capacity for the diameter of the main ballast pipe as set out in the Table of Capacities to this Part; and

  • (c) the branch suction pipe shall be fitted with a screw lift valve and means to prevent the cargo hold from being inadvertently filled from the sea.

122The cross-sectional area of each pipe connecting the main bilge pipe to a bilge distribution manifold shall not be less than the sum of the cross-sectional areas of the two largest branch bilge suction pipes connected to the manifold, but need not be greater than the cross-sectional area of the main bilge pipe.
123Subject to item 124, the diameter of direct bilge suction pipes in machinery spaces, other than emergency suction pipes, shall have a diameter not less than the diameter of the main bilge pipe.
124For Group 3 ships, where direct bilge suction pipes lead to both sides of the ship for normal bilge pumping, one suction pipe shall be of a size not less than that of the main bilge pipe and the other suction pipe may be of the size of the machinery space branch bilge suction pipe, but the smaller suction pipe shall be fitted on the same side as the emergency bilge suction pipe.
Bilge Pumps and Connections
125All power pumps essential for bilge pumping shall be of the self-priming type unless a central priming system is provided for those pumps.
126Each power bilge pump shall be capable of giving a flow rate of water through the required main bilge pipe of not less than 2 m/s as set out in the Table of Capacities to this Part.
127Bilge pumps may be used as fire pumps if the simultaneous operation of bilge-pumping systems and fire-pumping systems is not compromised.
128Sanitary, ballast and general service pumps may be used as independent power bilge pumps if they are fitted with the necessary connections for bilge pumping.
129No emergency bilge pump shall be installed forward of the collision bulkhead.
130Pumps required for essential services shall not be connected to a common suction manifold, a common suction pipe, a common discharge manifold or a common discharge pipe unless the arrangements are such that the working of any pump so connected will not be affected by any other pumps operating at the same time.
131Bilge pumps shall have isolating valves so that any one pump may continue to operate when another pump is dismantled.
132Where relief valves are fitted to bilge pumps that have sea connections, those valves and their outlets shall be fitted in readily visible locations above the lowest working-level platform.
133In ships certificated to carry more than 12 passengers, power bilge pumps located in spaces other than machinery spaces are required to have separate direct suction pipes unless the size of the other spaces does not warrant such pipes.

DIVISION IIIGroup 1 Ships

ItemRequirements
Bilge Pumps and Connections
1The main bilge pipe shall be connected to
  • (a) at least three power pumps, where the Criterion of Service Numeral for the ship, as determined pursuant to the Hull Construction Regulations, is less than 30; or

  • (b) at least four power pumps, where the Criterion of Service Numeral for the ship, as determined pursuant to the Hull Construction Regulations, is 30 or more.

2One of the power pumps referred to in item 1 may be directly driven by a main propulsion engine.

DIVISION IVGroup 2 Ships

ItemRequirements
Bilge Pumps and Connections
1The main bilge pipe shall be connected to
  • (a) at least three power pumps, where the Criterion of Service Numeral for the ship, as determined pursuant to the Hull Construction Regulations, is less than 30; or

  • (b) at least four power pumps, where the Criterion of Service Numeral for the ship, as determined pursuant to the Hull Construction Regulations, is 30 or more.

2One of the power pumps referred to in item 1 may be directly driven by a main propulsion engine.
3In ships of less than 91.5 m in length certificated to operate on Minor Waters Class I voyages, the number of pumps set out in item 1 may be reduced by one.
4In ships of less than 61 m in length certificated to operate on voyages other than Minor Waters Class I voyages, the number of pumps set out in item 1 may be reduced by one if one manual pump having inlet and outlet sizes equal to or greater than those of the pump it is replacing is provided.

DIVISION VGroups 1 and 2 Ships

ItemRequirements
1In ships of 91.5 m or more in length, or that have a Criterion of Service Numeral for the ship, as determined pursuant to the Hull Construction Regulations, of 30 or more, the bilge pumping system shall have at least one power pump available for use in all flooding conditions the ship is designed to withstand.
2The requirement of item 1 is met where
  • (a) one of the power pumps is an emergency pump of a submersible type having a source of power and controls located above the bulkhead deck; or

  • (b) the pumps and their sources of power are so disposed throughout the length of the ship that under any flooding conditions that the ship is designed to withstand at least one power pump in an undamaged compartment is operable.

3Controls referred to in subitem 2(a) shall be clearly identified and an indication of their operational status at the remote control location given, and where extended spindles are used for valves, the spindles shall lead as directly as possible to the remote control location.
4Where the ship is not a Safety Convention ship, one power pump, other than the emergency pump, with a pumping capacity of not less than 70 per cent of the capacity set out in the Table of Capacities to this Part may be used where the deficiency in pumping capacity is made up by the excess capacity in the other power pumps.
5The required power pump capacity in m3 per hour for a given internal diameter in millimetres of main bilge pipes is set out in the Table of Capacities to this Part.
6Where practicable, the power bilge pumps shall be placed in separate watertight compartments so arranged or situated that those compartments will not readily be flooded by the same casualty.
7Where the engines and boilers are in two or more watertight compartments, the pumps available for bilge service shall be distributed throughout the compartments to the extent possible.
8Manual bilge pumps, where fitted, shall be operable from above the bulkhead deck and shall be so arranged that the components can be withdrawn for examination and overhaul during flooding.
9Where two manual pumps are fitted, a shut-off valve or cock operated from above the bulkhead deck, or non-return valves, shall be fitted to enable one of the pumps to be dismantled without the efficiency of the other being affected.
10In coal-burning ships where there is no watertight bulkhead between the engine room and the boiler room, a direct discharge overboard shall be fitted from at least one condenser circulating water pump, or a condenser by-pass shall be fitted to the circulating water pipeline.
11The main bilge pipe shall be arranged so that no part is situated nearer the side of the ship than the B/5 line where B is the breadth of the ship measured at right angles to the centre line at the level of the deepest subdivision load line or deep load line where a subdivision load line is not assigned.
12Where any bilge pump or its connecting pipe to the main bilge pipe is situated outboard of the B/5 line,
  • (a) a non-return valve shall be fitted in the connecting pipe at the junction with the main bilge pipe; and

  • (b) the emergency bilge pump and its connections to the main bilge pipe shall be arranged so that they are situated inboard of the B/5 line.

13Means shall be provided to prevent the compartment served by any bilge suction pipe from being flooded in the event of the pipe being severed or otherwise damaged in any other compartment by collision or grounding.
14For the purpose of item 13, where any part of a bilge suction pipe is situated outboard of the B/5 line or in a duct keel, a non-return valve shall be fitted to the pipe in the compartment containing an open end.
15All distribution boxes, cocks and valves in bilge pumping systems shall be
  • (a) in locations that are accessible at all times under normal circumstances; and

  • (b) so arranged that one of the bilge pumps is capable of pumping out any compartment during flooding conditions.

16Where there is only one system of pipes common to all the bilge pumps, the necessary cocks or valves for controlling the bilge suction shall be operable from above the bulkhead deck.
17Where, in addition to the main bilge pumping system, an emergency bilge pumping system is fitted,
  • (a) the emergency system shall be

    • (i) independent of the main system, and

    • (ii) so arranged that a pump is capable of pumping out any compartment during flooding; and

  • (b) only the cocks and valves necessary for the operation of the emergency system are required to be capable of being operated from above the bulkhead deck.

18Remote controls for cocks and valves referred to in subitem 17(b) shall lead as directly as possible to the remote control location and shall be clearly identified at the upper end and an indication of their operational status given.
19Where divided deep tanks or side tanks are provided with cross-flooding arrangements to limit the angle of heel after side damage, the arrangements shall be self-acting where practicable.
20In the case where cross-flooding controls are necessary, such controls shall be clearly identified and shall be operable from above the bulkhead deck.
21The size of vent pipes for tanks fitted with cross-flooding connections shall be determined by the size of the cross-flooding connections.
22There shall be no closing appliance on vent pipes of tanks fitted with cross-flooding connections.

DIVISION VIGroup 3 Ships

ItemRequirements
1The main bilge pipe shall be connected to at least two power pumps.
2Two power pumps operating together may be used in lieu of one power pump if the pumps have at least a combined capacity equivalent to the one power pump.
3For ships not exceeding 91.5 m in length, one of the power pumps required by item 1 may be driven directly by the main propulsion engine.
4For ships not exceeding 150 tons gross tonnage certificated to operate on Minor Waters, Inland Waters Class II or Home Trade Class IV voyages, a manual pump may be used in lieu of a power pump if it has inlet and outlet sizes equal to or greater than those of the power pump.
5One power pump with a pumping capacity of not less than 70 per cent of the capacity set out in the Table of Capacities to this Part may be used where the deficiency in pumping capacity is made up by the excess capacity in the other power pumps.
6The power pump capacity in m3 per hour for a given internal diameter in millimeters of main bilge pipes is set out in the Table of Capacities to this Part.
Oil Tankers and Similar Ships
7For oil tankers and similar ships where the main machinery space bilge pumps are not connected to bilge pumping systems outside the machinery space, a main bilge suction pipe that has a cross-sectional area of not less than twice that of the branch bilge suction pipe may be used.
8Design of bilge-water pumping systems outside the main machinery space and of ballast water systems in oil tankers and similar ships referred to in item 7 shall be in accordance with rules or codes.

DIVISION VIIGroup 4 Ships

ItemRequirements
Piping Systems
1An effective pumping system shall be fitted with bilge suction pipes leading to drainage levels that permit all water within any compartment or any watertight section of any compartment to be pumped out through at least one suction pipe when the ship is on an even keel and is either upright or is listing by not more than 5°.
2In ships certificated to carry more than 12 passengers, bilge water drainage in machinery spaces and watertight compartments shall be such that the spaces and compartments, where practicable, can be pumped out after a casualty when the ship is upright or listing.
3The arrangement of the pumping system shall be such as to prevent the possibility of water passing from the sea to any compartment or from one watertight compartment to another and for that purpose bilge suction valves shall be of the screw-down non-return type.
4A machinery space bilge suction pipe shall lead from an easily accessible mud box that is fitted with a straight tailpipe to the bilge, except that a mud box is not required if the tailpipe leads to an easily accessible strainer that has a total open area of at least three times the cross-sectional area of the suction pipe.
5The open ends of bilge suction pipes in compartments outside machinery spaces shall be enclosed in strainers that
  • (a) have perforations of not more than 10 mm in diameter;

  • (b) have a total perforated area of not less than twice that of the suction pipe; and

  • (c) can be cleared without breaking any joint of the suction pipe.

6Bilge suction pipes shall have an internal diameter of not less than 35 mm, except that ships not in excess of 11 m in length may have suction pipes with an internal diameter of not less than 25 mm.
7Subject to item 2, where a ship is not in excess of 11 m in length, one machinery space bilge suction pipe only is required to be fitted.
8Bilge suction pipes for pumping cargo or machinery spaces shall be entirely separate from sea inlet pipes that may be used for filling or emptying spaces where liquid is carried.
9Sea suction, overboard discharge and bilge valves shall be in easily accessible locations and readily visible.
10Pipes shall be made in readily removable lengths with flanged joints, or other connections of a type offering security equivalent to that of flanged joints.
Pumps
11The bilge suction pipe shall be connected to at least two pumps of the self-priming type unless a central priming system is provided for the pumps.
12At least one bilge pump shall be an independent power pump and the other bilge pump may be a main propulsion engine-driven pump or manual pump, if the pumping capacity of each power pump meets the requirements of the Table of Capacities to this Part and the manual pump has inlet and outlet sizes equal to or greater than those of the independent power bilge pump.
13For ships certificated to operate on Minor Waters, Inland Waters Class II and Home Trade Class IV voyages, each power pump capacity may be reduced by 20 per cent of the capacity set out in the Table of Capacities to this Part, but there shall be no reduction in the piping diameter.
14For ships in excess of 11 m in length, the independent power pump shall have, in addition to the main bilge suction pipe connection, a direct machinery space bilge suction pipe of equal diameter.
15Bilge pumps may be used as fire pumps if the simultaneous operation of bilge-pumping systems and fire-pumping systems is not compromised.
16A general service power pump that is not connected to oil systems may be used as an independent bilge pump if it is fitted with the necessary connections for bilge pumping.
17Pumps shall have isolating valves so that any one pump may continue to operate when another pump is dismantled.

DIVISION VIIIGroup 5 Ships

ItemRequirements
Piping Systems
1An effective pumping system shall be fitted with bilge suction pipes leading to drainage levels so that all water within any compartment can be pumped out through at least one suction pipe when the ship is on an even keel and is either upright or is listing by not more than 5°.
2The arrangement of the pumping system shall be such as to prevent the possibility of water passing from the sea to any compartment or from one watertight compartment to another.
3Bilge suction pipes with effective strainers shall have an internal diameter of not less than 25 mm.
Pumps
4The bilge pumping system shall have at least two effective bilge pumps.
5Subject to items 6 to 8, at least one bilge pump shall be a power pump and the other bilge pump may be a manual pump if the pumping capacity of the power pump meets the requirements of the Table of Capacities to this Part and the manual pump has inlet and outlet sizes equal to or greater than those of the power pump.
6For a passenger launch in excess of 18 m in length, both pumps shall be power pumps, one of which may be main propulsion engine-driven.
7For a ship or launch not in excess of 11 m in length certificated to operate on Home Trade Class IV or Minor Waters Class II voyages,
  • (a) the power pump capacity may be reduced by 20 per cent of the capacity set out in the Table of Capacities to this Part but there shall be no reduction in the piping diameter; and

  • (b) an effective bailer may be accepted in lieu of a manual pump.

8The main propulsion engine cooling-water system may be adapted for bilge pumping and used in lieu of the manual pump referred to in item 5 if
  • (a) suction strainers are fitted;

  • (b) the suction valve arrangement is such that seawater cannot pass in the bilges; and

  • (c) there is assurance of continuous water flow by

    • (i) a visible overboard discharge, or

    • (ii) a water-flow indicator.

9Bilge pumps may be used as fire pumps if the simultaneous operation of bilge-pumping systems and fire-pumping systems is not compromised.
10A general service power pump that is not connected to oil systems may be used as an independent bilge pump if it is fitted with the necessary connections for bilge pumping.
11Pumps shall have isolating valves so that any one pump may continue to operate when another pump is dismantled.
12For ships for which plans are not required to be submitted, the arrangement and capacity of the bilge pumping system shall be suitable for the type, service and voyages of the ship.

Table of Capacities

Pumping Capacities for a Flow Rate of 2 M/S

Internal diameter of bilge pipe in mmCapacity of each power pump in m3 per hour
253.5 (58 L/min)
325.8 (96 L/min)
388.2 (136 L/min)
5114.7 (245 L/min)
5718.4
6423.2
7027.7
7632.7
8339.0
9045.8
9551.0
10258.8
10866.0
11473.5
12182.8
12791.2
133100.0
140110.8
146120.5
152130.6
159143.0
165154.0
171165.3
178179.2
184191.4
191206.3
197219.5
203233.0
210249.4

PART II(Section 6)Plans

ItemInformation Required
1General arrangement and location of bilge, ballast, heeling, trimming and passive roll stabilizing systems, including venting, overflow and sounding arrangements, showing all connected piping, valves, pumps and equipment, emergency systems and cross-connections to other fluid systems.
2Installation details stating assigned working pressures and flow rates of fluid and, where applicable, the Criterion of Service Numeral of the ship, as determined pursuant to the Hull Construction Regulations.
3Materials, sizes, capacities, design working pressures, testing arrangements and procedures of pumps, valves, piping, any tank sounding and venting devices.
4Details of
  • (a) pipe connections to flanges or other joining arrangements;

  • (b) securing arrangements for pumps, piping and other components and allowances for vibration;

  • (c) cross connection with other systems;

  • (d) remote control of valves in systems; and

  • (e) components preventing the discharge overboard of harmful substances.

5Information set out in items 2 to 4 is not required to be submitted for ships not in excess of 18 m in length.
6Information for valves and similar minor components referred to in item 3 is not required to be submitted where a manufacturer or an approved classification society certifies that the types of valves or similar minor components have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes.
7Information for pumps referred to in item 3 is not required to be submitted where an approved classification society certifies that the pumps have been designed and constructed in accordance with rules or codes except that the driving motor or engine of pumps shall meet the requirements of Part II of the applicable schedule of Schedules I to XV.

PART III(Subsection 12(2))Construction and Installation Inspections

DIVISION IConstruction inspection

ItemRequirements
1None.

DIVISION IIInstallation inspection

ItemRequirements
1Identification from component inspection certificates, before installation is commenced, of pumps, any tank sounding and venting devices, flexible hoses, materials, welding metal, other components and harmful substances discharge prevention equipment to be used.
2Verification that welding was carried out by welders certified by a Provincial Government of Canada, or another authority having similar standards where the welding was carried out outside Canada, for the class of work to be done.
3Inspection of welds.
4Witnessing of hydrostatic pressure tests in accordance with rules or codes, including hydrostatic pressure test of bilge suction pipes through double bottom tanks to the same pressure as the tanks through which they pass.
5Inspection of securing arrangements, connection of bilge and ballast pumping systems and heeling, trimming and passive role tank filling and emptying systems to associated systems and verification of correct adjustment and operational condition of safety, control and monitoring devices.
6Witnessing of operational tests of the system in accordance with rules or codes.

PART IVPeriodic General Inspections and Periodic Special Inspections

DIVISION I(Section 19)Periodic General Inspection

ItemRequirements
1Where applicable and, in the opinion of the inspector, practicable,
  • (a) inspection of securing arrangements and of locations where fluid leakage and excessive vibration may occur;

  • (b) verification that all components are in correct adjustment and operational condition; and

  • (c) verification that all control, monitoring and alarm systems, including any tank sounding and venting devices, are in correct adjustment and operational condition.

DIVISION IIPeriodic Special Inspection

SUBDIVISION I(Subsection 20(1))Parts to be Inspected
ItemRequirements
1External and internal parts of pump and driving components including valves, controls and safety devices.
2External and internal parts of bilge valves including emergency bilge suction valves, mud boxes and strainers.
3Securing arrangements, without dismantling if a general examination shows that the condition of the components is suitable for further service.
4No inspection is required for complex mechanisms where written information is provided to the inspector from firms specializing in the reconditioning of these parts indicating that the parts are in good order and adjustment.
SUBDIVISION II(Subsection 20(2))Intervals
ItemRequirements
1At intervals not exceeding five years.
  • SOR/2015-161, ss. 34(E), 35 to 38(F), 39(E), 40(E), 41(F), 42(E), 43(E), 44 to 50(F), 51, 52 to 54(F)

SCHEDULE XVI(Section 4)

General Design Specifications

ItemRequirements
1For ships operating in extremely cold conditions, the design of all essential liquid or steam systems prone to frost damage or operational impairment shall take into account those operational conditions and the low-temperature characteristics of CO2 and any other gases to be used in a ship system.
2Water piping systems intended for use in areas exposed to freezing conditions shall, as far as practicable, be separate from water systems intended for use in internal spaces of ships, with drainage facilities being fitted in suitable and easily accessible locations.
3Materials subjected to stress at high or low temperatures shall be resistant to failure due to such temperatures.
4Means shall be provided to bring into operation propulsion and ship service machinery from a dead ship condition without external aid.
5Machinery shall be protected against overspeeding and excessive vibration.
6Ship propulsion systems shall have sufficient power, and arrangements shall be provided to enable the ship to be manoeuvered both ahead and astern and controlled at sea, having regard to the voyages the ship is to make.
7Normal operation of the propulsion machinery shall be sustainable or restorable where one of the essential auxiliaries becomes inoperative, but a partial reduction in propulsion capability from normal operation is acceptable.
8For single essential propulsion components, means shall be provided to assure reliability, especially in the case of unconventional arrangements.
9All machinery shall be designed to operate when the ship is upright and when listing at any angle up to and including 15° either way under static conditions and 22.5° either way under rolling conditions and simultaneously inclined 7.5° by the bow or stern under pitching conditions.
10Effective guards shall be provided for protection against machinery that moves, is hot or is otherwise hazardous.
11Slip-resisting gratings, handrails and ladders shall be fitted to allow access to machinery for operational and maintenance purposes with particular attention being given to spaces where fluids may leak, such as steering gear compartments.
12Sufficient means shall be provided, including lighting, to inspect, maintain and clean machinery parts.
13Machinery spaces of category A shall be adequately ventilated so that when boilers or other machinery are operating at full power in all weather conditions, an adequate supply of air to the spaces is maintained for the safety and comfort of personnel and the operation of the machinery.
14Other machinery spaces shall be adequately ventilated.
15Where applicable, at least two independent means of communication shall be provided for communicating orders from the bridge to the location in the machinery space, or in the control room, from which the engines are normally controlled, and one of the means of communication shall be an engine-room telegraph that provides visual indication of the orders and responses both in the machinery space and on the bridge.
16Appropriate means of communication shall be provided to any locations other than those referred to in item 15 from which the engines may be controlled.

SCHEDULE XVII(Sections 9 and 10)

Material Test Certificate form

SCHEDULE XVIII(Sections 16 and 24)

Component Inspection Certificate form
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