Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Search

Marine Mammal Regulations (SOR/93-56)

Regulations are current to 2019-11-19 and last amended on 2018-11-02. Previous Versions

PART IIIWalrus

 No person shall fish for walrus with a firearm unless the person uses

  • (a) a rifle and bullets that are not full metal-jacketed that produce a muzzle energy of not less than 1,500 foot pounds; or

  • (b) a shotgun and rifled slugs that produce a muzzle energy of not less than 1,500 foot pounds.

 No person who ordinarily resides in a settlement set out in column I of an item of the table to this section shall fish for walrus after notice has been given by a fishery officer that the annual fishing quota set out in column II of that item has been reached.

TABLE

ItemColonne IColonne II
SettlementAnnual Fishing Quota
1Coral Harbour60
2Sanikiluaq10
3Arctic Bay10
4Clyde River20

PART IVSeals

Licences

  •  (1) Every person who fishes for seals shall hold at least one of the following licences:

    • (a) a fishing licence for seal — personal use;

    • (b) a fishing licence for seal — commercial use; or

    • (c) a fishing licence for nuisance seal.

  • (2) The operator of a collector vessel shall hold a collector vessel licence.

  • SOR/2003-103, s. 5

 The Minister may establish — on the basis of the size of vessels used by licence holders for fishing seals, licence holders’ home ports and any other factor relevant to seal fishing — classes of fishing licences for seal referred to in subsection 26.1(1).

  • SOR/2008-43, s. 2

Prohibitions

 No person other than a beneficiary shall sell, trade or barter a whitecoat or blueback.

  •  (1) No person shall fish for seals, for personal or commercial use, in any of Sealing Areas 4 to 33 except with

    • (a) a round club made of hardwood that measures not less than 60 cm and not more than 1 m in length and that, for at least half of its length, beginning at one end, measures not less than 5 cm and not more than 7.6 cm in diameter;

    • (b) an instrument known as a hakapik, consisting of a metal ferrule that weighs at least 340 g with a slightly bent spike not more than 14 cm in length on one side of the ferrule and a blunt projection not more than 1.3 cm in length on the opposite side of the ferrule and that is attached to a wooden handle that measures not less than 105 cm and not more than 153 cm in length and not less than 3 cm and not more than 5.1 cm in diameter;

    • (c) a rifle and bullets that are not full metal-jacketed that produce a muzzle velocity of not less than 1,800 feet per second and a muzzle energy of not less than 1,100 foot pounds; or

    • (d) a shotgun of not less than 20 gauge and rifled slugs.

  • (1.1) No person shall use a club or hakapik to strike a seal older than one year unless the seal has been shot with a firearm.

  • (2) Every person who strikes a seal with a club or hakapik shall strike the seal on the top of the cranium until it has been crushed and shall immediately palpate the cranium to confirm that it has been crushed.

  • (3) If a firearm is used to fish for a seal, the person who shoots the seal or retrieves it shall palpate the cranium as soon as possible after it is shot to confirm that the cranium has been crushed.

  • (4) Every person who palpates the cranium of a seal and determines that the cranium is not crushed shall immediately strike the seal with a club or hakapik on the top of its cranium until the cranium has been crushed.

  • SOR/2003-103, s. 6
  • SOR/2009-66, s. 2

 No person shall skin a seal until the cranium has been crushed and at least one minute has elapsed after the two axillary arteries of the seal located beneath its front flippers have been severed to bleed the seal.

  • SOR/2003-103, s. 7
  • SOR/2009-66, s. 3

 No person shall fish for adult harp or hooded seals in whelping or breeding patches.

 [Revoked, SOR/94-54, s. 1]

Observation of Seal Fisheries

  •  (1) A seal fishery observation licence may be issued only if the Minister determines that the issuance of the licence will not cause disruption to a seal fishery.

  • (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the Minister, in determining whether the issuance of a seal fishery observation licence will cause disruption to a seal fishery in a specific geographical area, shall consider

    • (a) the period and geographical area for which the licence is being sought;

    • (b) the number of seal fishery observation licences previously issued for that period in that area;

    • (c) the number of seal hunters operating in that area;

    • (d) whether the applicant has a stated aim of disrupting the seal fishery or has been convicted, in the five years preceding the application for the licence, of tagging, marking or moving a live seal, of contravening subsection 33(1) or of violating a condition of a seal fishery observation licence; and

    • (e) any other relevant information.

  • SOR/2008-38, s. 1
  • 2015, c. 28, s. 1
  • SOR/2015-188, s. 1
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), no person shall, except under the authority of a seal fishery observation licence issued by the Minister, approach within one nautical mile of a person who is fishing for seals.

  • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply

    • (a) to a person who is authorized to fish for seals under these Regulations;

    • (b) in respect of commercial flights that are operating on scheduled flight plans;

    • (c) in respect of commercial vessels that are in transit;

    • (d) to employees of the Department who are performing their duties or functions or persons who are assisting them or who are otherwise present at the request of the Department; or

    • (e) to a person who resides on land within one nautical mile of a person who is fishing for seals.

  • SOR/2008-38, s. 2
  • 2015, c. 28, s. 1
  • SOR/2015-188, s. 2
  • SOR/2018-126, s. 8

Landings

 Every person who fishes for seals for personal or commercial use shall land the pelt or the carcass of the seal.

  • SOR/2003-103, s. 8

Close Times

  •  (1) No person shall fish for a species of seal set out in column I of Schedule IV in a Sealing Area or Subarea set out in column II with a class of fishing licence for seal set out in column III during the close time set out in column IV.

  • (2) For the purpose of subsection (1), a close time set out in column IV of Schedule IV is deemed to be fixed in respect of each class of fishing licence for seal set out in column III.

  • (3) For the purpose of subsection (1), a close time set out in column IV of Schedule IV is deemed to be fixed in respect of each Sealing Area or Subarea set out in column II.

  • SOR/2008-43, s. 3
  •  (1) No person who may fish for seals under the authority of section 6 shall fish for seals of a species set out in column I of Schedule V in a Sealing Area or Subarea set out in column II during the close time set out in column III.

  • (2) For the purpose of subsection (1), a close time set out in column III of Schedule V is deemed to be fixed in respect of each Sealing Area or Subarea set out in column II.

  • (3) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of Inuit domestic fishing, being the exercise by a person of the right to harvest any species or stock of fish for food, social and ceremonial purposes in accordance with the Agreement defined in section 2 of the Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement Act.

  • SOR/2008-43, s. 3
  • SOR/2018-110, s. 11
 
Date modified: