Canada Oil and Gas Installations Regulations (SOR/96-118)

Regulations are current to 2019-08-15 and last amended on 2009-12-31. Previous Versions

PART IGeneral Requirements (continued)

Automatic Fire Detection Systems

  •  (1) Every manned offshore installation shall be equipped with a fire detection system that is capable of detecting the presence of fire in every space where fire may occur, including

    • (a) every corridor, stairway and escape route in the accommodation areas;

    • (b) the control station;

    • (c) every work area; and

    • (d) every space containing equipment in which petroleum or any other flammable substance is stored, conveyed, processed or consumed.

  • (2) Every unmanned offshore installation shall be equipped with a fire detection system that is capable of detecting the presence of fire in every space where fire may occur, including

    • (a) every work area; and

    • (b) every space containing equipment in which petroleum or any other flammable substance is stored, conveyed, processed or consumed.

  • (3) Every fire detection system required by subsections (1) and (2) shall be selected, designed, installed and maintained in accordance with National Fire Prevention Association 72E, Standard on Automatic Fire Detectors.

  • (4) The fire detection systems required by subsections (1) and (2) shall, on detection of fire, activate automatically

    • (a) an audible and visual signal on the fire and gas indicator panel in the control station of a manned installation; and

    • (b) an audible alarm that has a tone different from any other alarm in any part of the installation.

  • (5) Every onshore installation shall be equipped with a fire alarm system.

  • (6) The fire alarm system for a drilling rig at an onshore site shall be connected with the fire alarm system for the accommodation areas at that site where the drilling rig is within 50 m of the accommodation areas.

  • (7) Every room in an onshore installation that is used as sleeping accommodation for a drill crew shall be equipped with a smoke detector and alarm.

Gas Detection Systems

  •  (1) Every offshore installation shall be equipped with a gas detection system that is capable of detecting, in every part of the installation in which hydrogen sulphide or any type of hydrocarbon gas may accumulate, the presence of those gases.

  • (2) The gas detection system required by subsection (1) shall, on detection of gas, activate automatically

    • (a) an audible and visual signal on the fire and gas indicator panel in the control station of a manned installation; and

    • (b) an audible alarm that has a tone different from any other alarm in any part of the installation.

  • (3) Every offshore installation shall be equipped with

    • (a) at least two portable gas detectors capable of

      • (i) measuring the concentration of oxygen in any space, and

      • (ii) detecting hydrogen sulphide and any type of hydrocarbon gas in any space; and

    • (b) a means of testing the portable gas detectors described in paragraph (a).

  • (4) A gas detector shall be provided

    • (a) at every ventilation inlet duct leading to a non-hazardous area on every installation;

    • (b) in every Class I, Division 1, hazardous area on every onshore installation; and

    • (c) in every enclosed hazardous area on every offshore installation.

  • (5) Every gas detector provided in accordance with subsection (3) shall be appropriate for the area and installed and operated in accordance with

    • (a) Appendix C of American Petroleum Institute RP 14C, Recommended Practice for Analysis, Design, Installation and Testing of Basic Surface Safety Systems for Offshore Production Platforms; and

    • (b) section 9.2 of American Petroleum Institute RP 14F, Recommended Practice for Design and Installation of Electrical Systems for Offshore Production Platforms.

Alarm Panels and Signals

  •  (1) Every manned offshore installation shall be equipped with a fire or gas detection system that includes

    • (a) one or more fire and gas detector indicator panels located at the control station, that

      • (i) indicate the source of fire and gas by means of a visual signal,

      • (ii) are capable of being functionally tested, and

      • (iii) are fitted with equipment for resetting the fire and gas detection systems; and

    • (b) an audible fire and gas alarm that has a characteristic tone that distinguishes it from the alarms associated with machinery, safety and control system faults or any other alarm system and that is audible on all parts of the installation.

  • (2) A fire or gas detection system referred to in subsection (1) shall

    • (a) be capable of being manually activated from each of the following locations, namely,

      • (i) the space adjacent to each entrance to each machinery and process space,

      • (ii) each accommodation area,

      • (iii) the office of the manager of the installation,

      • (iv) every control point in each machinery and process space, and

      • (v) the control station;

    • (b) be designed so that, on activation of a detection device in one space, any signals received at the same time from a detection device in another space will register at the fire and gas indicator panel at that same time;

    • (c) be installed and maintained in accordance with National Fire Prevention Association 72, Standard for the Installation, Maintenance, and Use of Protective Signaling Systems; and

    • (d) be arranged so that there will be an automatic changeover to an emergency source of electrical power in accordance with subsection 12(9) in the event of a failure of the primary source of electrical power and so that failure of the primary source of electrical power will be indicated both visually and audibly as a separate fault alarm.

General Alarm System

  •  (1) Every installation shall be equipped with a general alarm system that is capable of alerting personnel to any hazardous conditions other than fire or gas that might

    • (a) endanger the personnel;

    • (b) endanger the installation; or

    • (c) be harmful to the environment.

  • (2) Every general alarm system referred to in subsection (1) shall be

    • (a) operational and in operation at all times other than when the system is being inspected, maintained or repaired;

    • (b) where applicable, flagged as being subject to inspection, maintenance or repair; and

    • (c) designed in such a manner as to prevent tampering.

  • (3) Where a general alarm system for an installation is being inspected, maintained or repaired, the operator of the installation shall ensure that the functions that the system performs are performed manually.

Piping Systems

  •  (1) The piping system and associated equipment of every installation shall be designed and installed in accordance with American Petroleum Institute RP 14E, Recommended Practice for Design and Installation of Offshore Production Platform Piping Systems.

  • (2) Every pressure vessel or fired vessel on a production installation shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the following standards:

    • (a) American Petroleum Institute Spec 12J, Specification for Oil and Gas Separators;

    • (b) sections I, II, IV, V, VII, VIII and IX of American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code; and

    • (c) Canadian Standards Association B51-M1991, Boiler, Pressure Vessel, and Pressure Piping Code.

  • (3) Every compressor in hydrocarbon service at a production installation shall be designed in accordance with the following standards:

    • (a) Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-Z184-M92, Gas Pipeline Systems;

    • (b) American Petroleum Institute STD 617, Centrifugal Compressors for General Refinery Service;

    • (c) American Petroleum Institute STD 618, Reciprocating Compressors for General Refinery Services; and

    • (d) American Petroleum Institute STD 619, Rotary-Type Positive Displacement Compressors for General Refinery Services.

  • (4) All materials and procedures used in a production installation used to produce and process sour gas shall conform to National Association of Corrosion Engineers (U.S.) MR-01-75, Sulfide Stress Cracking Resistant Metallic Materials for Oil Field Equipment.

  • (5) Where an operator handles, treats or processes oil, gas or water that contains hydrogen sulphide, the operator shall do so in accordance with good industry practice to minimize the discharge of hydrogen sulphide into the environment and to ensure that the operation is carried out in a safe and efficient manner.

 
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