Canada Oil and Gas Installations Regulations (SOR/96-118)

Regulations are current to 2019-08-28 and last amended on 2009-12-31. Previous Versions

PART IGeneral Requirements (continued)

Fire-extinguishing Systems in Machinery and Flammable Liquid Storage Spaces

  •  (1) On every offshore installation, a fixed fire- extinguishing system utilizing carbon dioxide, pressure water spray or, where a fire will not involve any gases, liquefied gases with a boiling point below ambient temperature or cryogenic liquids, high expansion foam shall be installed in every space containing

    • (a) internal combustion machinery having an aggregate power of at least 750 kW;

    • (b) an oil- or gas-fired boiler or any other fired process vessel having a thermal rating of at least 75 kW;

    • (c) paint or other flammable liquids as defined by National Fire Protection Association 321, Standard on Basic Classification of Flammable and Combustible Liquids; or

    • (d) mud pits or equipment used for removing drill solids where oil-based mud is used.

  • (2) On every offshore installation, a fixed fire-extinguishing system utilizing carbon dioxide or pressure water spray shall be provided in every compartment containing a pump for the transfer of oil.

  • (3) A fire-extinguishing system utilizing carbon dioxide referred to in subsection (1) or (2) shall meet the requirements of National Fire Protection Association 12, Standard on Carbon Dioxide Extinguishing Systems.

  • (4) A fire-extinguishing system utilizing pressure water spray referred to in subsection (1) or (2) shall meet the requirements of National Fire Protection Association 15, Standard for Water Spray Fixed Systems for Fire Protection.

  • (5) A fire-extinguishing system utilizing high expansion foam referred to in subsection (1) shall meet the requirements of National Fire Protection Association 16, Standard on Deluge Foam-Water Sprinkler and Foam-Water Spray Systems.

  • (6) When a fire-extinguishing system utilizing carbon dioxide is provided pursuant to subsection (1) or (2), means shall be provided to

    • (a) stop all ventilation fans serving the space protected by that system automatically before the system is activated; and

    • (b) close all dampers in the ventilation system serving the space protected by that system manually from a position that is outside that space and that will not be made inaccessible by a fire within that space.

  • (7) Every fire-extinguishing system referred to in subsection (1) or (2) shall be capable of being activated manually

    • (a) from a location close to but outside each space served by it; and

    • (b) at the location where the extinguishing medium is stored.

  • (8) At each access to every space served by a fire-extinguishing system referred to in subsection (1) or (2) there shall be a notice indicating that the space contains such a system and stating which fire-extinguishing medium is used.

  • (9) Visual indication of the operational status of the fire-extinguishing system referred to in subsection (1) or (2) shall be provided at each access to every space served by that system and at the control station.

  • (10) Every offshore installation provided with a fire-extinguishing system referred to in subsection (1) or (2) shall be provided with an automatic system that will give

    • (a) an audible warning, in every space served by that system to which personnel have access, before the fire-extinguishing medium is released from the fire-extinguishing system; and

    • (b) an audible and visual signal, outside the access to every space served by that system and at the fire and gas indicator panel in the control station, when the fire-extinguishing system is in operation.

  • (11) Every offshore installation provided with a fire-extinguishing system referred to in subsection (1) or (2) shall be provided with means to close all openings that may admit air to or allow gas to escape from a space served by that system.

Fire Extinguishers

  •  (1) On every offshore installation a portable fire extinguisher shall be provided

    • (a) within 10 m of any position accessible by personnel in every machinery, drilling and production and process space;

    • (b) within 15 m of any position accessible by personnel in every space other than a space described in paragraph (a); and

    • (c) near the entrance to each space referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b).

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), the extinguishing medium employed by an extinguisher provided pursuant to subsection (1) shall be suitable for extinguishing fires in spaces in which it is intended to be used.

  • (3) Each extinguisher provided pursuant to subsection (1) for use in machinery spaces where oil is used as fuel shall be of a type discharging foam, carbon dioxide gas or dry powder.

  • (4) The capacity of each portable extinguisher provided pursuant to this section shall be at least

    • (a) 9 L, for an extinguisher that discharges foam;

    • (b) 4.5 kg, for an extinguisher that discharges dry powder;

    • (c) 6 kg, for an extinguisher that discharges carbon dioxide gas; and

    • (d) 9 L, for an extinguisher that discharges water.

  • (5) A spare charge shall be provided for each portable extinguisher provided pursuant to this section for which a duplicate extinguisher has not been provided.

  • (6) On an offshore installation, every space containing internal combustion machinery that has an aggregate power of at least 750 kW shall be provided with one portable foam applicator unit and the following fire extinguishers:

    • (a) one foam type fire extinguisher of not less than 45 L capacity in every engine space;

    • (b) two portable foam extinguishers, where the aggregate power of the machinery is at least 750 kW but not more than 1500 kW;

    • (c) three portable foam extinguishers, where the aggregate power of the machinery is more than 1500 kW but not more than 2250 kW;

    • (d) four portable foam extinguishers, where the aggregate power of the machinery is more than 2250 kW but not more than 3000 kW;

    • (e) five portable foam extinguishers, where the aggregate power of the machinery is more than 3000 kW but not more than 3750 kW; and

    • (f) six portable foam extinguishers, where the aggregate power of the machinery is more than 3750 kW.

  • (7) On an offshore installation, every space containing an oil- or gas-fired boiler or any other fired process vessel that has a thermal rating of at least 75 kW shall be provided with

    • (a) two portable foam fire extinguishers plus an additional portable foam fire extinguisher for each burner up to a total capacity of 45 L;

    • (b) one portable dry powder fire extinguisher; and

    • (c) one portable foam applicator unit.

  • (8) Every portable foam applicator unit provided pursuant to this section shall be provided with

    • (a) an air-foam nozzle of an inductor type capable of being connected to the water main described in subsection 24(2) and of producing foam effective for extinguishing an oil fire at the rate of at least 1.5 m3/minute; and

    • (b) at least two tanks, each containing at least 20 L of foam-making liquid.

  • (9) Every portable fire extinguisher on an offshore installation shall be inspected, maintained and recharged in accordance with National Fire Protection Association 10, Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers.

Firefighting Equipment

  •  (1) Every manned offshore installation shall be provided with at least ten sets of firefighter equipment and every unmanned offshore installation shall be provided with at least two sets of firefighter equipment, each of which shall consist of

    • (a) protective clothing, including boots and gloves, that

      • (i) meets the requirements of National Fire Protection Association 1971, Standard on Protective Clothing for Structural Fire Fighting,

      • (ii) will protect the skin from being burned by heat radiating from a fire and by steam,

      • (iii) has a water-resistant outer surface,

      • (iv) in the case of boots, is made of rubber or other electrically non-conducting material, and

      • (v) in the case of gloves, meets the requirements of National Fire Protection Association 1973, Standard on Gloves for Structural Fire Fighting; and

    • (b) a firefighter’s helmet with visor that meets the requirements of Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-Z94.1-92, Industrial Protective Headwear.

  • (2) In addition to any firefighting equipment required by the Oil and Gas Occupational Safety and Health Regulations, every manned offshore installation shall be provided with at least four sets, and every unmanned offshore installation shall be provided with at least two sets, of the following equipment:

    • (a) a self-contained breathing apparatus that

      • (i) is capable of functioning for at least 30 minutes,

      • (ii) meets the requirements of Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-Z94.4-93, Selection, Use, and Care of Respirators, and CAN3-Z 180.1-M85, Compressed Breathing Air and Systems, and

      • (iii) is equipped with two spare bottles;

    • (b) a portable electric safety lamp that

      • (i) will operate in the conditions anticipated for a Class I, Division 1, hazardous area,

      • (ii) is operated from a rechargeable battery capable of operating for at least 3 hours, and

      • (iii) can be easily attached to the clothing of a firefighter, at or above the waist level;

    • (c) an axe with an insulated handle and a carrying belt; and

    • (d) a fire-resistant life and signalling line and a safety belt and harness that meet the requirements of National Fire Protection Association 1983, Standard on Fire Service Life Safety Rope, Harness and Hardware.

  • (3) Each set of equipment required by subsections (1) and (2) shall be kept ready for use and stored so as to be readily accessible.

  • (4) One of each of the sets of equipment required by subsections (1) and (2) shall be located within easy access of the helicopter deck.

 
Date modified: