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Employment Insurance Regulations (SOR/96-332)

Regulations are current to 2022-06-20 and last amended on 2021-09-26. Previous Versions

Search for Suitable Employment

Reasonable and Customary Efforts

 For the purposes of subsection 50(8) of the Act, the criteria for determining whether the efforts that the claimant is making to obtain suitable employment constitute reasonable and customary efforts are the following:

  • (a) the claimant’s efforts are sustained;

  • (b) the claimant’s efforts consist of

    • (i) assessing employment opportunities,

    • (ii) preparing a resumé or cover letter,

    • (iii) registering for job search tools or with electronic job banks or employment agencies,

    • (iv) attending job search workshops or job fairs,

    • (v) networking,

    • (vi) contacting prospective employers,

    • (vii) submitting job applications,

    • (viii) attending interviews, and

    • (ix) undergoing evaluations of competencies; and

  • (c) the claimant’s efforts are directed toward obtaining suitable employment.

  • SOR/2012-261, s. 1

Suitable Employment

  •  (1) For the purposes of paragraphs 18(1)(a) and 27(1)(a) to (c) and subsection 50(8) of the Act, the criteria for determining what constitutes suitable employment are the following:

    • (a) the claimant’s health and physical capabilities allow them to commute to the place of work and to perform the work;

    • (b) the hours of work are not incompatible with the claimant’s family obligations or religious beliefs; and

    • (c) the nature of the work is not contrary to the claimant’s moral convictions or religious beliefs.

    • (d) to (f) [Repealed, SOR/2016-162, s. 1]

  • (2) and (3) [Repealed, SOR/2017-27, s. 1]

  • SOR/2012-261, s. 1
  • SOR/2013-102, s. 2
  • SOR/2016-162, s. 1
  • SOR/2017-27, s. 1

 [Repealed, SOR/2016-162, s. 2]

 [Repealed, SOR/2016-162, s. 2]

Agreement — Self-Employed Person

Termination of Agreement — Notice

 The notice referred to in subsection 152.02(4) of the Act that the individual gives to the Commission to terminate the agreement shall be given in writing.

  • SOR/2010-10, s. 2

Withdrawal of Notice

 The withdrawal of the notice referred to in paragraph 152.02(6)(b) of the Act shall be given to the Commission in writing.

  • SOR/2010-10, s. 2

PART IBenefits

[
  • SOR/2010-10, s. 3
]

Hours of Insurable Employment — Methods of Determination

 Where a person's earnings are paid on an hourly basis, the person is considered to have worked in insurable employment for the number of hours that the person actually worked and for which the person was remunerated.

  • SOR/97-31, s. 3

 Subject to section 10, where a person's earnings or a portion of a person's earnings for a period of insurable employment remains unpaid for the reasons described in subsection 2(2) of the Insurable Earnings and Collection of Premiums Regulations, the person is deemed to have worked in insurable employment for the number of hours that the person actually worked in the period, whether or not the person was remunerated.

  • SOR/97-310, s. 2
  •  (1) Where a person's earnings are not paid on an hourly basis but the employer provides evidence of the number of hours that the person actually worked in the period of employment and for which the person was remunerated, the person is deemed to have worked that number of hours in insurable employment.

  • (2) Except where subsection (1) and section 9.1 apply, if the employer cannot establish with certainty the actual number of hours of work performed by a worker or by a group of workers and for which they were remunerated, the employer and the worker or group of workers may, subject to subsection (3) and as is reasonable in the circumstances, agree on the number of hours of work that would normally be required to gain the earnings referred to in subsection (1), and, where they do so, each worker is deemed to have worked that number of hours in insurable employment.

  • (3) Where the number of hours agreed to by the employer and the worker or group of workers under subsection (2) is not reasonable or no agreement can be reached, each worker is deemed to have worked the number of hours in insurable employment established by the Minister of National Revenue, based on an examination of the terms and conditions of the employment and a comparison with the number of hours normally worked by workers performing similar tasks or functions in similar occupations and industries.

  • (4) Except where subsection (1) and section 9.1 apply, where a person's actual hours of insurable employment in the period of employment are not known or ascertainable by the employer, the person, subject to subsection (5), is deemed to have worked, during the period of employment, the number of hours in insurable employment obtained by dividing the total earnings for the period of employment by the minimum wage applicable, on January 1 of the year in which the earnings were payable, in the province where the work was performed.

  • (5) In the absence of evidence indicating that overtime or excess hours were worked, the maximum number of hours of insurable employment which a person is deemed to have worked where the number of hours is calculated in accordance with subsection (4) is seven hours per day up to an overall maximum of 35 hours per week.

  • (6) Subsections (1) to (5) are subject to section 10.1.

  • (7) [Repealed, SOR/97-31, s. 4]

  • SOR/97-31, s. 4
  • SOR/2002-377, s. 1
  •  (1) If a person is required under their contract of employment to be available for a certain period awaiting a request from their employer to work, the hours during that period are deemed to be hours of insurable employment if the person is paid for those hours at a rate equivalent or superior to the remuneration that would be paid if the person had actually worked during that period.

  • (2) Despite subsection (1), if a person is required by their employer under their contract of employment to be present at the employer's premises for a certain period in case their services are required, the hours during that period are deemed to be hours of insurable employment if the person is paid for those hours.

  • SOR/2002-377, s. 2
  •  (1) Where an insured person is remunerated by the employer for a period of paid leave, the person is deemed to have worked in insurable employment for the number of hours that the person would normally have worked and for which the person would normally have been remunerated during that period.

  • (2) Where an insured person is remunerated by the employer for a period of leave in the form of a lump sum payment calculated without regard to the length of the period of leave, the person is deemed to have worked in insurable employment for the lesser of

    • (a) the number of hours that the person would normally have worked and for which the person would normally have been remunerated during the period, and

    • (b) the number of hours obtained by dividing the lump sum amount by the normal hourly rate of pay.

  • (3) Where an insured person is remunerated by the employer for a non-working day and

    • (a) works on that day, the person is deemed to have worked in insurable employment for the greater of the number of hours that the person actually worked and the number of hours that the person would normally have worked on that day; and

    • (b) does not work on that day, the person is deemed to have worked in insurable employment for the number of hours that the person would normally have worked on that day.

  • SOR/97-31, s. 5

 For the purpose of section 10.1, the amounts that are excluded from an insured person’s earnings from insurable employment by subsection 2(3) of the Insurable Earnings and Collection of Premiums Regulations shall not be taken into account in determining the person’s hours of insurable employment.

  • SOR/2005-274, s. 1

 For the purposes of sections 9.1, 10, 10.01, 10.1 and 22,

  • (a) an hour of work performed in insurable employment is considered to be a single hour of insurable employment, even if the hour is remunerated at an overtime rate of pay; and

  • (b) if the addition of hours of insurable employment falling between the first day and the last day worked in a given period of employment results in a total number of hours that contains a fraction of an hour, the fraction shall be counted as a whole hour.

  • SOR/97-31, s. 5
  • SOR/2002-377, s. 3
  •  (1) Where an insured person is employed on a full-time basis for and remunerated for less than 35 hours per week in an occupation in which the maximum number of hours of full-time work per week is limited by federal or provincial statutes or regulations made under those statutes to less than 35 hours, the insured person is deemed to be employed in insurable employment for 35 hours per week.

  • (2) Subject to section 10,

    • (a) an insured person who is a member of the Canadian Forces on full-time service or of a police force and is required to be available on standby outside of their regularly scheduled hours of work is deemed to be employed in insurable employment for 35 hours per week; and

    • (b) an insured person who is a member of the reserve force and is paid the rate of pay for

      • (i) each period of duty or training of less than 6 hours is deemed to be employed in insurable employment for 3 1/2 hours per period, or

      • (ii) each period of duty or training of not less than 6 hours and not more than 24 hours is deemed to be employed in insurable employment for 7 hours per period

      to a maximum of 35 hours of insurable employment per week.

  • SOR/97-310, s. 3

Adjustment of Amount of Self-employed Earnings

  •  (1) The amount of self-employed earnings referred to in subparagraph 152.07(1)(d)(i) of the Act shall be adjusted annually on a compound basis, beginning on January 1, 2012, by the ratio referred to in paragraph 4(2)(b) of the Act.

  • (2) If the ratio referred to in subsection (1) is less than 1.0 and would result in an adjusted amount of less than $6,000, the ratio is deemed to be 1.0.

  • (3) If the adjusted amount calculated in accordance with subsections (1) and (2) is not a multiple of one dollar, that amount shall be rounded down to the nearest dollar.

  • SOR/2010-10, s. 4

 [Repealed, SOR/2016-206, s. 1]

Average Number of Weeks for the Purposes of Paragraphs 7.1(6)(b) and 152.07(3)(b) of the Act

[
  • SOR/2010-10, s. 5
]
  •  (1) For the purpose of paragraph 7.1(6)(b) of the Act, the average number of weeks of regular benefits of a claimant is the maximum number of weeks for which benefits may be paid to the claimant under section 8 of the Employment Insurance (Fishing) Regulations or subsection 12(2) of the Act, less the number of weeks of benefits paid to the claimant, including the weeks of benefits used to establish the overpayment under paragraph 7.1(6)(a) of the Act, with the result divided by two.

  • (2) For the purposes of paragraph 152.07(3)(b) of the Act, a self-employed person’s average number of weeks of benefits is the maximum number of weeks for which benefits may be paid to them under subsection 152.14(1) of the Act, less the number of weeks of benefits paid to them, including the weeks of benefits used to establish the overpayment referred to in paragraph 152.07(3)(a) of the Act, with the result divided by two.

  • SOR/97-31, s. 7
  • SOR/2010-10, s. 6

Interruption of Earnings

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) to (7), an interruption of earnings occurs where, following a period of employment with an employer, an insured person is laid off or separated from that employment and has a period of seven or more consecutive days during which no work is performed for that employer and in respect of which no earnings that arise from that employment, other than earnings described in subsection 36(13), are payable or allocated.

  • (2) An interruption of earnings from an employment occurs in respect of an insured person at the beginning of a week in which a reduction in earnings that is more than 40% of the insured person’s normal weekly earnings occurs because the insured person ceases to work in that employment by reason of illness, injury or quarantine, pregnancy, the need to care for a child or children referred to in subsection 23(1) of the Act or the need to provide care or support to a family member referred to in subsection 23.1(2) of the Act, to a critically ill child or to a critically ill adult.

  • (3) A period of leave referred to in subsection 11(4) of the Act does not constitute an interruption of earnings, regardless of whether the person is remunerated for that period of leave.

  • (4) Where an insured person is employed under a contract of employment under which the usual remuneration is payable in respect of a period greater than a week, no interruption of earnings occurs during that period, regardless of the amount of work performed in the period and regardless of the time at which or the manner in which the remuneration is paid.

  • (5) An interruption of earnings in respect of an insured person occurs

    • (a) in the case of an insured person who is employed in the sale or purchase of real estate on a commission basis and holds a licence to sell real estate issued by a provincial authority, when

      • (i) the licence of the insured person is surrendered, suspended or revoked, or

      • (ii) the insured person ceases to work in that employment by reason of a circumstance referred to in subsection (2); and

    • (b) in the case of an insured person who is employed under a contract of employment and whose earnings from that employment consist mainly of commissions, when

      • (i) the insured person's contract of employment is terminated, or

      • (ii) the insured person ceases to work in that employment by reason of a circumstance referred to in subsection (2).

  • (6) A period of leave referred to in subsection 11(3) of the Act does not constitute an interruption of earnings, regardless of the time at which or the manner in which remuneration is paid.

  • (7) Where an insured person accepts less remunerative work with their employer and as a consequence receives a wage supplement under a provincial law intended to provide indemnity payments where the continuation of a person's work represents a physical danger to them, to their unborn child or to the child they are breast-feeding, an interruption of earnings occurs on the insured person's last day of work before the beginning of the less remunerative work.

  • SOR/2003-393, s. 1
  • SOR/2013-102, s. 4
  • SOR/2017-226, s. 2

 An interruption of earnings of a self-employed person referred to in paragraph 152.07(1)(c) of the Act occurs at the beginning of the week in which the person declares having reduced the time devoted to their business activities by more than 40% of the normal level because the person ceases to work by reason of illness, injury or quarantine, pregnancy, the need to care for a child or children referred to in subsection 152.05(1) of the Act or the need to provide care or support to a family member referred to in subsection 152.06(1) of the Act, to a critically ill child or to a critically ill adult.

  • SOR/2010-10, s. 7
  • SOR/2013-102, s. 5
  • SOR/2017-226, s. 3

Undeclared Earnings Referred to in Subsection 19(3) of the Act

 For the purpose of allocating any earnings that a claimant has failed to declare to a period referred to in paragraph 15(4)(a), (b) or (c), as that paragraph read immediately before August 12, 2001, where the period began before that date and was to have ended, in accordance with that paragraph, on or after that date, the period ends on August 12, 2001.

  • SOR/2001-291, s. 1

 [Repealed, SOR/2001-291, s. 2]

 
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