Marginal note:Assessment of refund
189 (1) On receipt of an application made by a person for a refund under this Act, the Minister shall, without delay, consider the application and assess the amount of the refund, if any, payable to the person.
(2) The Minister may reassess or make an additional assessment of the amount of a refund despite any previous assessment of the amount of the refund.
(3) If on assessment under this section the Minister determines that a refund is payable to a person, the Minister shall pay the refund to the person.
(4) A refund shall not be paid until the person has filed with the Minister or the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness all returns and other records of which the Minister has knowledge and that are required to be filed under this Act, the Air Travellers Security Charge Act, the Customs Act, the Excise Act, the Excise Tax Act and the Income Tax Act.
(5) If a refund is paid to a person, the Minister shall pay interest at the prescribed rate to the person on the refund for the period beginning on the day that is 30 days after the day on which the application for the refund is filed with the Minister and ending on the day on which the refund is paid.
- 2002, c. 22, s. 189;
- 2005, c. 38, ss. 96, 145;
- 2006, c. 4, s. 118;
- 2007, c. 18, s. 112.
Marginal note:No assessment for penalty
190 No assessment shall be made for any penalty imposed under section 254.
Marginal note:Limitation period for assessments
(a) in the case of an assessment of the duty payable for a reporting period, more than four years after the later of the day on which the return for the period was required to be filed and the day on which the return was filed;
(b) in the case of an assessment for any other amount payable under this Act, more than four years after the amount became payable; or
(c) in the case of an assessment for an amount for which a trustee in bankruptcy became liable under section 212, after the earlier of
(i) the day that is 90 days after the return on which the assessment is based is filed with, or other evidence of the facts on which the assessment is based comes to the attention of, the Minister, and
(ii) the expiry of the period referred to in paragraph (a) or (b), whichever applies in the circumstances.
Marginal note:Limitation re refund assessment
(2) Subject to subsections (3) to (7), an assessment of the amount of a refund or any other payment that may be obtained under this Act may be made at any time but a reassessment or additional assessment of an amount paid or applied as a refund under this Act or of an amount paid as interest in respect of an amount paid or applied as a refund under this Act shall not be made more than four years after the application for the amount was filed in accordance with this Act.
(3) Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to a reassessment of a person made
Marginal note:No limitation on assessment if fraud, etc.
(4) An assessment in respect of any matter may be made at any time if the person to be assessed has, in respect of that matter,
(a) made a misrepresentation that is attributable to their neglect, carelessness or wilful default;
(b) committed fraud
(c) filed a waiver under subsection (8) that is in effect at that time.
Marginal note:No limitation if payment for another reporting period
(5) If, in making an assessment, the Minister determines that a person has paid in respect of any matter an amount as or on account of duty payable for a reporting period of the person that was payable for another reporting period of the person, the Minister may at any time make an assessment for that other period in respect of that matter.
Marginal note:Reduction of duty — reporting period
(6) If the result of a reassessment on an objection to, or a decision on an appeal from, an assessment is to reduce the amount of duty payable by a person and, by reason of the reduction, any refund or other payment claimed by the person for a reporting period, or in an application for a refund or other payment, should be decreased, the Minister may at any time assess or reassess that reporting period or that application only for the purpose of taking the reduction of duty into account in respect of the refund or other payment.
Marginal note:Alternative basis or argument
(7) The Minister may advance an alternative basis or argument in support of an assessment of a person, or in support of all or any portion of the total amount determined on assessment to be payable or remittable by a person under this Act, at any time after the period otherwise limited by subsection (1) or (2) for making the assessment unless on an appeal under this Act
(7.1) If a reassessment of a person is made that gives effect to an alternative basis or argument advanced by the Minister under subsection (7) in support of a particular assessment of the person, the Minister shall not reassess for an amount that is greater than the total amount of the particular assessment.
(7.2) Subsection (7.1) does not apply to any portion of an amount determined on reassessment that the Minister would be entitled to reassess under this Act at any time after the period otherwise limited by subsection (1) or (2) for making the reassessment if this Act were read without reference to subsection (7).
(8) Any person may, within the time otherwise limited by subsection (1) or (2) for an assessment, waive the application of subsection (1) or (2) by filing with the Minister a waiver in the prescribed form and manner specifying the matter in respect of which the person waives the application of that subsection.
Marginal note:Revoking waiver
(9) Any person who files a waiver under subsection (8) may revoke it on six months notice to the Minister by filing with the Minister a notice of revocation of the waiver in the prescribed form and manner.
- 2002, c. 22, s. 191;
- 2010, c. 25, s. 117;
- 2016, c. 12, s. 100.
Marginal note:Minister not bound
192 (1) The Minister is not bound by any return, application or information provided by or on behalf of a person and may make an assessment despite any return, application or information provided or not provided.
Marginal note:Liability not affected
(2) Liability to pay any duty, interest or other amount is not affected by an incorrect or incomplete assessment or by the fact that no assessment has been made.
Marginal note:Binding effect — unincorporated body
(3) If a person (referred to in this subsection as the “body”) that is not an individual or a corporation is assessed in respect of any matter,
(a) the assessment is not invalid only because one or more other persons (each of which is referred to in this subsection as a “representative”) who are liable for obligations of the body did not receive a notice of the assessment;
(b) the assessment is binding on each representative of the body, subject to a reassessment of the body and the rights of the body to object to or appeal from the assessment under this Act; and
(c) an assessment of a representative in respect of the same matter is binding on the representative, subject only to a reassessment of the representative and the rights of the representative to object to or appeal from the assessment of the representative under this Act on the grounds that the representative is not a person who is liable to pay an amount to which the assessment of the body relates, the body has been reassessed in respect of that matter or the assessment of the body in respect of that matter has been vacated.
Marginal note:Assessment deemed valid
(4) Subject to being reassessed or vacated as a result of an objection or appeal under this Act, an assessment is deemed to be valid and binding despite any error, defect or omission in the assessment or in any proceeding under this Act relating to it.
(5) An appeal from an assessment shall not be allowed by reason only of an irregularity, informality, omission or error on the part of any person in the observation of a directory provision of this Act.
- Date modified: