Canadian Human Rights Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. H-6)

Act current to 2014-03-16 and last amended on 2013-12-12. Previous Versions

Canadian Human Rights Act

R.S.C., 1985, c. H-6

An Act to extend the laws in Canada that proscribe discrimination

SHORT TITLE

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Canadian Human Rights Act.

  • 1976-77, c. 33, s. 1.

PURPOSE OF ACT

Marginal note:Purpose

 The purpose of this Act is to extend the laws in Canada to give effect, within the purview of matters coming within the legislative authority of Parliament, to the principle that all individuals should have an opportunity equal with other individuals to make for themselves the lives that they are able and wish to have and to have their needs accommodated, consistent with their duties and obligations as members of society, without being hindered in or prevented from doing so by discriminatory practices based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, family status, disability or conviction for an offence for which a pardon has been granted or in respect of which a record suspension has been ordered.

  • R.S., 1985, c. H-6, s. 2;
  • 1996, c. 14, s. 1;
  • 1998, c. 9, s. 9;
  • 2012, c. 1, s. 137(E).

PART IPROSCRIBED DISCRIMINATION

General

Marginal note:Prohibited grounds of discrimination
  •  (1) For all purposes of this Act, the prohibited grounds of discrimination are race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, family status, disability and conviction for an offence for which a pardon has been granted or in respect of which a record suspension has been ordered.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) Where the ground of discrimination is pregnancy or child-birth, the discrimination shall be deemed to be on the ground of sex.

  • R.S., 1985, c. H-6, s. 3;
  • 1996, c. 14, s. 2;
  • 2012, c. 1, s. 138(E).
Marginal note:Multiple grounds of discrimination

 For greater certainty, a discriminatory practice includes a practice based on one or more prohibited grounds of discrimination or on the effect of a combination of prohibited grounds.

  • 1998, c. 9, s. 11.
Marginal note:Orders regarding discriminatory practices

 A discriminatory practice, as described in sections 5 to 14.1, may be the subject of a complaint under Part III and anyone found to be engaging or to have engaged in a discriminatory practice may be made subject to an order as provided in sections 53 and 54.

  • R.S., 1985, c. H-6, s. 4;
  • 1998, c. 9, s. 11.

Discriminatory Practices

Marginal note:Denial of good, service, facility or accommodation

 It is a discriminatory practice in the provision of goods, services, facilities or accommodation customarily available to the general public

  • (a) to deny, or to deny access to, any such good, service, facility or accommodation to any individual, or

  • (b) to differentiate adversely in relation to any individual,

on a prohibited ground of discrimination.

  • 1976-77, c. 33, s. 5.