Food and Drug Regulations (C.R.C., c. 870)

Regulations are current to 2016-09-18 and last amended on 2016-08-26. Previous Versions

  •  (1) No person shall, on the label of or in any advertisement for a food, other than a formulated liquid diet, a human milk substitute or a food represented as containing a human milk substitute, make a statement or claim concerning the vitamin content of the food unless

    • (a) the vitamin is set out in column I of Table I to this Division;

    • (b) the percentage of the recommended daily intake of the vitamin, per serving of stated size, is 5% or more; and

    • (c) the vitamin content is declared on the label or in the advertisement as a percentage of the daily value, per serving of stated size.

  • (2) If a statement or claim described in subsection (1) is made in an advertisement for a food that is not a prepackaged product or in an advertisement for a prepackaged product that is not made or placed by or on the direction of the manufacturer of the product, the percentage of the daily value, per serving of stated size, shall,

    • (a) in the case of an advertisement, other than a radio or television advertisement, be

      • (i) adjacent to, without any intervening printed, written or graphic material, the statement or claim, if the statement or claim is made only once, or the most prominent statement or claim, if the statement or claim is made more than once, and

      • (ii) shown in letters of at least the same size and prominence as those of the statement or claim, if the statement or claim is made only once, or the most prominent statement or claim, if the statement or claim is made more than once;

    • (b) in the case of a radio advertisement or the audio portion of a television advertisement, immediately precede or follow the statement or claim; or

    • (c) in the case of a television advertisement, be communicated

      • (i) in the audio mode, if the statement or claim is made only in the audio portion of the advertisement or in both the audio and visual portions, or

      • (ii) in the audio or visual mode, if the statement or claim is made only in the visual portion of the advertisement.

  • (3) The percentage of the daily value, per serving of stated size, that is communicated in the visual mode of a television advertisement in accordance with subparagraph (2)(c)(ii) shall

    • (a) appear concurrently with and for at least the same amount of time as the statement or claim;

    • (b) be adjacent to, without any intervening printed, written or graphic material, the statement or claim, if the statement or claim is made only once, or the most prominent statement or claim, if the statement or claim is made more than once; and

    • (c) be shown in letters of at least the same size and prominence as those of the statement or claim, if the statement or claim is made only once, or the most prominent statement or claim, if the statement or claim is made more than once.

  • (4) Paragraph (1)(b) does not apply in respect of a declaration of the vitamin content in a nutrition facts table.

  • (5) Paragraph (1)(c) does not apply in respect of a declaration of the biotin content as required by subparagraph B.24.202(a)(v).

  • SOR/84-300, s. 57(E);
  • SOR/88-559, s. 32;
  • SOR/90-830, s. 8;
  • SOR/96-259, s. 9;
  • SOR/2003-11, s. 29.

 [Repealed, SOR/2003-11, s. 29]

 No person shall, on the label of or in any advertisement for a food, make any claim concerning the action or effects of a vitamin contained in the food, except to the effect that the vitamin

  • (a) is a factor in the maintenance of good health; and

  • (b) is generally recognized as an aid in maintaining the functions of the body necessary to the maintenance of good health and normal growth and development.

  • SOR/88-559, s. 32.
  •  (1) If a component of an ingredient of a prepackaged product set out in the table to subsection B.01.009(1) is a vitamin, no person shall, on the label of or in any advertisement for the prepackaged product, make a statement or claim concerning the vitamin as a component of that ingredient unless

    • (a) despite subsection B.01.008(6), the vitamin is declared by its common name, and that common name is shown immediately after the ingredient in such a manner as to indicate that the vitamin is a component of that ingredient, except that if a source of a food allergen or gluten is required by paragraph B.01.010.1(8)(a) to be shown immediately after that ingredient, the common name of the vitamin is instead shown immediately after that source; and

    • (b) all components of the ingredient are declared.

  • (2) Paragraph (1)(b) does not apply to flour used as an ingredient in the manufacture of a prepackaged product referred to in subsection (1).

  • SOR/84-300, s. 59(E);
  • SOR/88-559, s. 32;
  • SOR/2003-11, s. 30;
  • SOR/2011-28, s. 7.

 [Repealed, SOR/88-559, s. 32]

 Subject to section D.01.010, no person shall sell a food to which any of the following vitamins have been added unless a reasonable daily intake of that food by a person would result in the daily intake by such person of not less than,

  • (a) in the case of vitamin A, 1,600 International Units;

  • (b) in the case of thiamine, 0.6 milligram;

  • (c) in the case of riboflavin, 1.0 milligram;

  • (d) in the case of niacin or niacinamide, six milligrams;

  • (e) in the case of ascorbic acid, 20 milligrams; and

  • (f) in the case of vitamin D, 300 International Units.

 Where a food to which a vitamin has been added is represented as being solely for use in the feeding of children under two years of age, no person shall sell such food unless a reasonable daily intake of that food by a child under two years of age would result in the daily intake by the child of not less than,

  • (a) in the case of vitamin A, 1,000 International Units;

  • (b) in the case of thiamine, 0.4 milligram;

  • (c) in the case of riboflavin, 0.6 milligram;

  • (d) in the case of niacin or niacinamide, four milligrams;

  • (e) in the case of pyridoxine, 0.6 milligram;

  • (f) in the case of ascorbic acid, 20 milligrams;

  • (g) in the case of vitamin D, 300 International Units; and

  • (h) in the case of vitamin E, five International Units.

 No person shall sell a food to which any of the following vitamins have been added if a reasonable daily intake of that food by a person would result in the daily intake by such person of more than,

  • (a) in the case of vitamin A, 2,500 International Units;

  • (b) in the case of thiamine, two milligrams;

  • (c) in the case of riboflavin, three milligrams;

  • (d) in the case of niacin or niacinamide, 20 milligrams;

  • (e) in the case of pyridoxine, 1.5 milligrams;

  • (f) in the case of ascorbic acid, 60 milligrams;

  • (g) in the case of vitamin D, 400 International Units; and

  • (h) in the case of vitamin E, 15 International Units.

 No person shall, in advertising a food that is represented as containing a vitamin or on a label of such food,

  • (a) give any assurance or guarantee of any kind with respect to the result that may be, has been or will be obtained by the addition of the vitamin to a person’s diet; or

  • (b) refer to, reproduce or quote any testimonial.

 [Repealed, SOR/2003-11, s. 31]

TABLE I

Recommended Daily Intake

ItemColumn IColumn IIColumn III
VitaminUnitsFootnote for TABLE I Recommended Daily Intake*Intake of persons 2 years of age or olderIntake of infants or children less than 2 years of age
1Vitamin A(RE)1000400
2Vitamin D(µg)510
3Vitamin E(mg)103
4Vitamin C(mg)6020
5Thiamin, thiamine or vitamin B1(mg)1.30.45
6Riboflavin or vitamin B2(mg)1.60.55
7Niacin(NE)238
8Vitamin B6(mg)1.80.7
9Folacin or folate(µg)22065
10Vitamin B12(µg)20.3
11Pantothenic acid or pantothenate(mg)72
12Vitamin K(µg)8030
13Biotin(µg)308
  • Return to footnote *RE = retinol equivalents
    mg = milligrams
    µg = micrograms
    NE = niacin equivalents

  • SOR/88-559, s. 33;
  • SOR/96-259, s. 4;
  • SOR/2003-11, ss. 32, 33.

TABLE II

Weighted Recommended Nutrient Intake

ItemColumn IColumn IIColumn III
VitaminUnitsAmount
1Biotinmicrograms90
2Folacinmicrograms195
3Niacinniacin equivalents16
4Pantothenic Acidmilligrams5.0
5Riboflavinmilligrams1.2
6Thiaminemilligrams1.0
7Vitamin Aretinol equivalents870
8Vitamin B6milligrams1.0
9Vitamin B12micrograms1.0
10Vitamin Cmilligrams34
11Vitamin Dmicrograms3.0
12Vitamin Emilligrams7.0
  • SOR/96-259, s. 5.
 
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