Food and Drug Regulations (C.R.C., c. 870)

Regulations are current to 2017-04-12 and last amended on 2017-03-14. Previous Versions

 [S]. Ale, Stout, Porter or Malt Liquor

  • (a) shall be the product of the alcoholic fermentation by yeast of an infusion of barley or wheat malt and hops or hop extract in potable water and shall be brewed in such a manner as to possess the aroma, taste and character commonly attributed to ale, stout, porter, or malt liquor, respectively; and

  • (b) may have added to it during the course of manufacture any of the ingredients referred to in paragraph B.02.130(b).

  • SOR/88-418, s. 2.

 Where a beer, ale, stout, porter or malt liquor contains the percentage of alcohol by volume set out in Column I of an item of the table, the qualified common name or common name set out in Column II of that item shall be used in any advertisement of and on the label of the beer, ale, stout, porter or malt liquor.


Column IColumn II
ItemPercentage alcohol by volumeQualified common name or Common name
11.1 to 2.5Extra Light Beer, Extra Light Ale, Extra Light Stout, Extra Light Porter
22.6 to 4.0Light Beer, Light Ale, Light Stout, Light Porter
34.1 to 5.5Beer, Ale, Stout, Porter
45.6 to 8.5Strong Beer, Strong Ale, Strong Stout, Strong Porter, Malt Liquor
58.6 or moreExtra Strong Beer, Extra Strong Ale, Extra Strong Stout, Extra Strong Porter, Strong Malt Liquor
  • SOR/88-418, s. 2.

 [S]. In this Division, hop extract means an extract derived from hops by a process employing the solvent

  • (a) hexane, methanol, or methylene chloride in such a manner that the hop extract does not contain more than 2.2 per cent of the solvent used; or

  • (b) carbon dioxide or ethyl alcohol in an amount consistent with good manufacturing practice.

  • SOR/86-89, s. 1;
  • SOR/88-418, s. 3.
  •  [S]. (1) In this Division, pre-isomerized hop extract means an extract derived from hops by

    • (a) the use of one of the following solvents:

    • (b) the subsequent isolation of the alpha acids and their conversion to isomerized alpha acids by means of diluted alkali and heat.

  • (2) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(b), the residues of hexane shall not exceed 1.5 parts per million per per cent iso-alpha acid content of the pre-isomerized hop extract.

  • SOR/88-418, s. 4.

 [S]. In this Division, reduced isomerized hop extract means

  • (a) tetrahydroisohumulones derived from hops

    • (i) by isomerization and reduction of humulones (alpha-acids) by means of hydrogen and a catalyst, or

    • (ii) by reduction of lupulones (beta-acids) by means of hydrogen and a catalyst, followed by oxidation and isomerization;

  • (b) hexahydroisohumulones derived from hops by reduction of tetrahydroisohumulones by means of sodium borohydride; and

  • (c) dihydroisohumulones derived from hops by reduction of isoalpha acids by means of sodium borohydride.

  • SOR/96-483, s. 2;
  • SOR/2000-352, s. 1.

DIVISION 3Baking Powder

 In this Division, acid-reacting material means one or any combination of

  • (a) lactic acid or its salts;

  • (b) tartaric acid or its salts;

  • (c) acid salts of phosphoric acid; and

  • (d) acid compounds of aluminum.

 [S]. Baking Powder shall be a combination of sodium or potassium bicarbonate, an acid-reacting material, starch or other neutral material, may contain an anticaking agent and shall yield not less than 10 per cent of its weight of carbon dioxide, as determined by official method FO-3, Determination of Carbon Dioxide in Baking Powder, October 15, 1981.

  • SOR/82-768, s. 4;
  • SOR/92-626, s. 12.

DIVISION 4Cocoa and Chocolate Products

 The definitions in this section apply in this Division.

chocolate product

chocolate product means a product derived from one or more cocoa products and includes chocolate, bittersweet chocolate, semi-sweet chocolate, dark chocolate, sweet chocolate, milk chocolate and white chocolate. (produit de chocolat)

cocoa product

cocoa product means a product derived from cocoa beans and includes cocoa nibs, cocoa liquor, cocoa mass, unsweetened chocolate, bitter chocolate, chocolate liquor, cocoa, low fat cocoa, cocoa powder and low fat cocoa powder. (produit du cacao)

milk ingredient

milk ingredient means one or any combination of

  • (a) the following products for which a standard is prescribed in this Part, namely,

    • (i) milk or whole milk,

    • (ii) skim milk,

    • (iii) partly skimmed milk or partially skimmed milk,

    • (iv) sterilized milk,

    • (v) condensed milk or sweetened condensed milk,

    • (vi) evaporated milk,

    • (vii) evaporated skim milk or concentrated skim milk,

    • (viii) evaporated partly skimmed milk or concentrated partly skimmed milk,

    • (ix) milk powder or whole milk powder or dry whole milk or powdered whole milk,

    • (x) skim milk powder or dry skim milk,

    • (xi) skim milk with added milk solids,

    • (xii) partly skimmed milk with added milk solids or partially skimmed milk with added milk solids,

    • (xiii) malted milk or malted milk powder,

    • (xiv) butter, and

    • (xv) cream; and

  • (b) the following products for which a standard is not prescribed by this Part, namely

    • (i) reconstituted milk or whole milk,

    • (ii) reconstituted skim milk,

    • (iii) reconstitued partly skimmed milk,

    • (iv) partly skimmed milk powder,

    • (v) buttermilk,

    • (vi) butter oil, and

    • (vii) reconstituted cream. (ingrédient laitier)

sweetening ingredient

sweetening ingredient means any one or any combination of sweetening agents, except for icing sugar. (ingrédient édulcorant)

  • SOR/97-263, s. 2.
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