Food and Drug Regulations (C.R.C., c. 870)

Regulations are current to 2017-04-12 and last amended on 2017-03-14. Previous Versions

 The label of a formulated liquid diet shall carry the following information:

  • (a) a statement that the food is intended to be consumed orally or by tube feeding;

  • (b) a statement of the energy value of the food, expressed in Calories

    • (i) per 100 grams or per 100 millilitres of the food as offered for sale, and

    • (ii) per unit of ready-to-serve food;

  • (c) a statement of the content in the food of protein or protein equivalent, fat, linoleic acid, available carbohydrate and, where present, crude fibre, expressed in grams

    • (i) per 100 grams or per 100 millilitres of the food as offered for sale, and

    • (ii) per unit of ready-to-serve food;

  • (d) a statement of the content of vitamins and mineral nutrients that are listed in the table to section B.24.102, expressed in International Units or milligrams

    • (i) per 100 grams or per 100 millilitres of the food as offered for sale, and

    • (ii) per unit of ready-to-serve food;

  • (e) a statement of the content of any vitamin or mineral nutrient that is not listed in the table to section B.24.102, expressed in milligrams

    • (i) per 100 grams or per 100 millilitres of the food as offered for sale, and

    • (ii) per unit of ready-to-serve food;

  • (f) complete directions for the preparation and use of the food and for its storage after the container has been opened; and

  • (g) the expiration date of the formulated liquid diet.

  • SOR/78-64, s. 7;
  • SOR/88-559, s. 27.

Meal Replacements, Nutritional Supplements, Prepackaged Meals and Foods Sold by Weight Reduction Clinics

  •  (1) No person shall sell or advertise a meal replacement unless, when in a ready-to-serve form or when prepared according to directions for use, with water, milk, partially skim milk or skim milk, or a combination thereof, it meets the following requirements:

    • (a) the meal replacement provides a minimum of 225 kcal or 945 kJ per serving;

    • (b) not less than 15 per cent and not more than 40 per cent of the energy available from the meal replacement is derived from its protein content, except that a meal replacement for use in a weight reduction diet shall derive not less than 20 per cent of its available energy from its protein content;

    • (c) subject to subsection (2), not more than 35 per cent of the energy available from the meal replacement is derived from its fat content;

    • (d) not less than 3.0 per cent of the energy available from the meal replacement is derived from linoleic acid in the form of a glyceride and not less than 0.5 per cent of the energy available from the meal replacement is derived from n-3 linolenic acid in the form of a glyceride, and the ratio of linoleic acid to n-3 linolenic acid is not less than 4 to 1 and not more than 10 to 1;

    • (e) the proteins present in the meal replacement are

      • (i) of a nutritional quality equivalent to that of casein, or

      • (ii) of a nutritional quality and in an amount sufficient to yield a result of not less than 15 per cent, or not less than 20 per cent in the case of a meal replacement for use in a weight reduction diet, when the nutritional quality of those proteins is divided by the nutritional quality of casein and multiplied by the percentage of energy available from the proteins present in the meal replacement; and

    • (f) each serving of the meal replacement contains each vitamin and mineral nutrient listed in column I of the table to this section

      • (i) subject to subsection (3), in an amount not less than the minimum amount shown for that vitamin or mineral nutrient in column II of the table, and

      • (ii) subject to subsections (4) and (5), in an amount that, including overage, is not more than the maximum amount shown for that vitamin or mineral nutrient in column III of the table.

  • (2) No person shall sell or advertise a meal replacement that is represented as a replacement for all daily meals unless, when in a ready-to-serve form or when prepared according to directions for use, with water, milk, partially skim milk or skim milk, or a combination thereof, it meets the following requirements:

    • (a) not more than 30 per cent of the energy available from the meal replacement is derived from its fat content; and

    • (b) not more than 10 per cent of the energy available from the meal replacement is derived from its saturated fatty acid content.

  • (3) The minimum amount required under subparagraph (1)(f)(i) for selenium, chromium or molybdenum does not apply in respect of a meal replacement that is not represented as a replacement for all daily meals and that does not contain added selenium, chromium or molybdenum, as the case may be.

  • (4) A vitamin or mineral nutrient that is not an added ingredient in the meal replacement shall not be taken into account for the purposes of subparagraph (1)(f)(ii).

  • (5) The maximum amount shown for vitamin C in column III of the table to this section does not include overage.

    TABLE

    Column IColumn IIColumn III
    NutrientsMinimum Amount per ServingMaximum Amount per Serving
    VITAMINS
    Vitamin A250 RE630 RE
    Vitamin D1.25 µg2.50 µg
    Vitamin E2.5 mg5.0 mg
    Vitamin C10 mg20 mg
    Thiamine300 µg750 µg
    Riboflavin400 µg800 µg
    Niacin6 NE12 NE
    Vitamin B6400 µg750 µg
    Vitamin B120.25 µg0.75 µg
    Folacin60 µg120 µg
    Pantothenic acid1.25 mg2.50 mg
    Biotin25 µg75 µg
    MINERAL NUTRIENTS
    Calcium200 mg400 mg
    Phosphorus250 mg500 mg
    Iron2.5 mg5.0 mg
    Iodide40 µg120 µg
    Magnesium60 mg120 mg
    Copper0.5 mg1.0 mg
    Zinc3 mg6 mg
    Potassium375 mg
    Sodium250 mg
    Manganese1 mg2 mg
    Selenium10 µg20 µg
    Chromium10 µg20 µg
    Molybdenum20 µg40 µg
  • SOR/78-698, s. 9;
  • SOR/80-13, s. 14;
  • SOR/95-474, s. 5.
  •  (1) No person shall sell or advertise a nutritional supplement that contains less than 225 kcal or 945 kJ per serving, unless it meets the following requirements:

    • (a) the nutritional supplement contains at least 150 kcal or 630 kJ per serving;

    • (b) not less than 15 per cent and no more than 40 per cent of the energy available from the nutritional supplement is derived from its protein content;

    • (c) the proteins present in the nutritional supplement are

      • (i) of a nutritional quality equivalent to that of casein, or

      • (ii) of a nutritional quality and in an amount sufficient to yield a result of not less than 15 per cent when the nutritional quality of those proteins is divided by the nutritional quality of casein and multiplied by the percentage of energy available from the proteins present in the nutritional supplement; and

    • (d) the nutritional supplement contains, per 100 kcal or 420 kJ, each vitamin and mineral nutrient listed in column I of the table to this section

      • (i) subject to subsection (3), in an amount not less than the minimum amount shown for that vitamin or mineral nutrient in column II of the table, and

      • (ii) subject to subsections (4) and (5), in an amount that, including overage, is not more than the maximum amount shown for that vitamin or mineral nutrient in column III of the table.

  • (2) No person shall sell or advertise a nutritional supplement that provides 225 kcal or 945 kJ, or more, per serving unless, when in a ready-to-serve form or when prepared according to directions for use, with water, milk, partially skim milk, skim milk, or a combination thereof, it meets the following requirements:

    • (a) the nutritional supplement provides at least 225 kcal or 945 kJ per serving;

    • (b) not more than 35 per cent of the energy available from the nutritional supplement is derived from its fat content;

    • (c) not less than 3.0 per cent of the energy available from the nutritional supplement is derived from linoleic acid in the form of a glyceride and not less than 0.5 per cent of the energy available from the nutritional supplement is derived from n-3 linolenic acid in the form of a glyceride, and the ratio of linoleic acid to n-3 linolenic acid is not less than 4 to 1 and not more than 10 to 1;

    • (d) not less than 15 per cent and not more than 40 per cent of the energy available from the nutritional supplement is derived from its protein content;

    • (e) the proteins present in the nutritional supplement are

      • (i) of a nutritional quality equivalent to that of casein, or

      • (ii) of a nutritional quality and in an amount sufficient to yield a result of not less than 15 per cent when the nutritional quality of those proteins is divided by the nutritional quality of casein and multiplied by the percentage of energy available from the proteins present in the nutritional supplement; and

    • (f) the nutritional supplement contains, per 100 kcal or 420 kJ, each vitamin and mineral nutrient listed in column I of the table to this section

      • (i) subject to subsection (3), in an amount not less than the minimum amount shown for that vitamin or mineral nutrient in column II of the table, and

      • (ii) subject to subsections (4) and (5), in an amount that, including overage, is not more than the maximum amount shown for that vitamin or mineral nutrient in column III of the table.

  • (3) The minimum amount required under subparagraph (1)(d)(i) or (2)(f)(i) for selenium, chromium or molybdenum does not apply in respect of a nutritional supplement that does not contain added selenium, chromium or molybdenum, as the case may be.

  • (4) A vitamin or mineral nutrient that is not an added ingredient in the nutritional supplement shall not be taken into account for the purposes of subparagraphs (1)(d)(ii) and (2)(f)(ii).

  • (5) The maximum amount shown for vitamin C in column III of the table to this section does not include overage.

    TABLE

    Column IColumn IIColumn III
    NutrientsMinimum Amount per Available 100 Kcal or 420 KJMaximum Amount per Available 100 Kcal or 420 KJ
    VITAMINS
    Vitamin A100 RE250 RE
    Vitamin D0.25 µg1 µg
    Vitamin E1.0 mg2.0 mg
    Vitamin C5 mg10 mg
    Thiamine140 µg350 µg
    Riboflavin180 µg360 µg
    Niacin3 NE6 NE
    Vitamin B6180 µg350 µg
    Vitamin B120.1 µg0.3 µg
    Folacin30 µg60 µg
    Pantothenic acid0.6 mg1.2 mg
    Biotin12 µg35 µg
    MINERAL NUTRIENTS
    Calcium100 mg175 mg
    Phosphorus100 mg175 mg
    Iron1.0 mg2.0 mg
    Iodide15 µg45 µg
    Magnesium20 mg40 mg
    Copper0.15 mg0.30 mg
    Zinc1.4 mg2.0 mg
    Potassium175 mg
    Manganese0.45 mg0.90 mg
    Selenium4 µg8 µg
    Chromium4 µg8 µg
    Molybdenum8 µg15 µg
  • SOR/78-698, s. 9;
  • SOR/95-474, s. 5.
 
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