Food and Drug Regulations (C.R.C., c. 870)

Regulations are current to 2016-10-11 and last amended on 2016-08-26. Previous Versions

SCHEDULE M(Sections B.01.001, B.01.002A and D.01.001)

Reference Amounts

ItemColumn 1Column 2
FoodReference amountFootnote for Reference Amounts1
Bakery Products
1Bread, excluding sweet quick-type rolls50 g
2Bagels, tea biscuits, scones, rolls, buns, croissants, tortillas, soft bread sticks, soft pretzels and corn bread55 g
3Brownies40 g
4Heavy weight cake: 10 g or more per 2.5 cm cube, such as cheese cake, pineapple upside-down cake, cake with at least 35% of the finished weight as fruit, nuts or vegetables, or any of these combined125 g
5Medium weight cake: 4 g or more per 2.5 cm cube but less than 10 g per 2.5 cm cube, such as cake with or without icing or filling, cake with less than 35% of the finished weight as fruit, nuts or vegetables or any of these combined, light weight cake with icing, Boston cream pie, cupcakes, eclairs or cream puffs80 g
6Light weight cake: less than 4 g per 2.5 cm cube, such as angel food, chiffon or sponge cake, without icing or filling55 g
7Coffee cakes, doughnuts, danishes, sweet rolls, sweet quick-type breads and muffins55 g
8Cookies, with or without coating or filling, and graham wafers30 g
9Crackers, hard bread sticks and melba toast20 g
10Dry breads, matzo and rusks30 g
11Flaky type pastries, with or without filling or icing55 g
12Toaster pastries55 g
13Ice cream cones5 g
14Croutons7 g
15French toast, pancakes and waffles75 g
16Grain-based bars, with filling or partial or full coating40 g
17Grain-based bars, without filling or coating30 g
18Rice cakes and corn cakes15 g
19Pies, tarts, cobblers, turnovers and other pastries110 g
20Pie crust1/6 of 20 cm crust or 1/8 of 23 cm crust
21Pizza crust55 g
22Taco shell, hard30 g
23Carbonated and non-carbonated beverages and wine coolers355 mL
24Sports drinks and water500 mL
25Coffee: regular, instant and specialty, including espresso, café au lait, flavoured and sweetened175 mL
26Tea and herbal tea
(a) regular and instant (hot)175 mL
(b) Flavoured and sweetened, prepared from mixes, such as iced tea250 mL
(c) Flavoured and sweetened, ready-to-drink, such as iced tea355 mL
27Cocoa and chocolate beverages (hot)175 mL
Cereals and Other Grain Products
28Hot breakfast cereals, such as oatmeal or cream of wheat40 g dry
250 mL prepared
29Ready-to-eat breakfast cereals, puffed and uncoated (less than 20 g per 250 mL)15 g
30Ready-to-eat breakfast cereals, puffed and coated, flaked, extruded, without fruit or nuts (20 g to 42 g per 250 mL), very high fibre cereals (with 28 g or more fibre per 100 g)30 g
31Ready-to-eat breakfast cereals, fruit and nut type, granola (43 g or more per 250 mL) and biscuit type cereals55 g
32Bran and wheat germ15 g
33Flours, including cornmeal30 g
34Grains, such as rice or barley45 g dry
140 g cooked
35Pastas without sauce85 g dry
215 g cooked
36Pastas, dry and ready-to-eat, such as fried canned chow mein noodles25 g
37Starch, such as cornstarch, potato starch, tapioca starch or wheat starch10 g
38Stuffing100 g
Dairy Products and Substitutes
39Cheese, including cream cheese and cheese spread, except those listed as a separate item30 g
40Cottage cheese125 g
41Cheese used as an ingredient, such as dry cottage cheese or ricotta cheese55 g
42Hard cheese, grated, such as parmesan or romano15 g
43Quark, fresh cheese and fresh dairy desserts100 g
44Cream and cream substitute, except those listed as a separate item15 mL
45Cream and cream substitute, powder2 g
46Cream and cream substitute, aerosol or whipped15 g
47Eggnog125 mL
48Milk, evaporated or condensed15 mL
49Plant-based beverages, milk, buttermilk and milk-based drinks, such as chocolate milk250 mL
50Shakes and shake substitutes, such as dairy shake mix250 mL
51Sour cream30 mL
52Yogurt175 g
53Ice cream, ice milk, frozen yogurt and sherbet125 mL
54Dairy desserts, frozen, such as cakes, bars, sandwiches or cones125 mL
55Non-dairy desserts, frozen, such as flavoured and sweetened ice or pops, or frozen fruit juices in bars or cups75 mL
56Sundaes250 mL
57Custard, gelatin and pudding125 mL
Dessert Toppings and Fillings
58Dessert toppings, such as maple butter and marshmallow cream30 g
59Cake frostings and icings35 g
60Pie fillings75 mL
Eggs and Egg Substitutes
61Egg mixtures, such as egg foo young, scrambled eggs or omelets110 g
62Eggs50 g
63Egg substitutes50 g
Fats and Oils
64Butter, margarine, shortening and lard10 g
65Vegetable oil10 mL
66Butter replacement, powder2 g
67Dressings for salad30 mL
68Mayonnaise, sandwich spread and mayonnaise-type dressing15 mL
69Oil, spray type0.5 g
Marine and Fresh Water Animals
70Canned anchovies, anchovy paste and caviar15 gFootnote for Reference Amounts2
71Marine and fresh water animals with sauce, such as fish with cream sauce or shrimp with lobster sauce140 g cooked
72Marine and fresh water animals without sauce, such as plain or fried fish or shellfish, or fish or shellfish cakes, with or without breading or batter125 g raw
100 g cooked
73Marine and fresh water animals, canned55 gFootnote for Reference Amounts2
74Marine and fresh water animals, smoked or pickled, or spreads55 gFootnote for Reference Amounts2
Fruit and Fruit Juices
75Fruit, fresh, canned or frozen, except those listed as a separate item140 g
150 mL cannedFootnote for Reference Amounts2
76Candied or pickled fruit30 gFootnote for Reference Amounts2
77Dried fruit, such as raisins, dates or figs40 g
78Fruit for garnish or flavour, such as maraschino cherries4 gFootnote for Reference Amounts2
79Fruit relishes60 mL
80Avocado, used as an ingredient30 g
81Cranberries, lemons and limes, used as ingredients55 g
82Watermelon, cantaloupe, honeydew and other melons150 g
83Juices, nectars and fruit drinks represented for use as substitutes for fruit juices250 mL
84Juices, used as ingredients, such as lemon juice or lime juice5 mL
85Bean curd (tofu) and tempeh85 gFootnote for Reference Amounts2
86Beans, peas and lentils, such as white beans, kidney beans, romano beans, soybeans or chick peas100 g dry
250 mL cooked or cannedFootnote for Reference Amounts2
Meat, Poultry, Their Products and Substitutes
87Pork rinds and bacon54 g uncooked
15 g cooked
88Beef, pork and poultry breakfast strips30 g uncooked
15 g cooked
89Dried meat and poultry, such as jerky, dried beef or parma ham, as well as sausage products with a water activity of 0.90 or less, such as salami, dried thuringer or cervelat30 g
90Luncheon meats, such as bologna, blood pudding, minced luncheon roll, liver sausage, mortadella, ham and cheese loaf or headcheese; pâté; sandwich spread; potted meat food product; taco fillings; meat pie fillings and cretons75 g uncooked
55 g cooked
91Sausage products, such as linked sausage, Vienna sausage, wieners, breakfast sausage, frankfurters, pork sausage, bratwurst, kielbasa, Polish sausage, summer sausage, smoked sausage, smoked country sausage, pepperoni, knackwurst, thuringer or cervelat75 g uncooked
55 g cooked
92Cuts of meat and poultry without sauce, and ready-to-cook cuts, with or without breading or batter, including marinated, tenderized and injected cuts125 g raw
100 g cooked
93Patties, cutlettes, chopettes, steakettes, meatballs, sausage meat and ground meat, with or without breading or batter100 g raw
60 g cooked
94Cured meat products, such as cured ham, dry cured ham, back bacon, cured pork back, dry cured cappicolo, corned beef, pastrami, country ham, cured pork shoulder picnic, cured poultry ham products, smoked meat or pickled meat85 g raw
55 g cooked
95Canned meat and poultry55 gFootnote for Reference Amounts2
96Meat and poultry with sauce, such as meat in barbecue sauce or turkey with gravy, but excluding combination dishes140 g
97Baking powder, baking soda and pectin0.6 g
98Baking decorations, such as coloured sugars or sprinkles for cookies4 g
99Bread crumbs and batter mixes30 g
100Cooking wine30 mL
101Cocoa powder5 g
102Non-alcoholic drink mixers, such as pina colada or daiquiri250 mL
103Chewing gum3 g
104Salad and potato toppers, such as salad crunchies, salad crispins or substitutes for bacon bits7 g
105Salt and salt substitutes, as well as seasoned salt, such as garlic salt1 g
106Spices and herbs0.5 g
Combination Dishes
107Measurable with a cup, such as casserole, hash, macaroni and cheese with or without meat, pot pie, spaghetti with sauce, stir fry, meat or poultry casserole, baked or refried beans, wieners and beans, meat chili, chili with beans, creamed chipped beef, beef or poultry ravioli in sauce, beef stroganoff, poultry à la king, Brunswick stew, goulash, stew, ragout or poutine250 mL
108Not measurable with a cup, such as burritos, egg rolls, enchiladas, pizza, pizza rolls, sausage rolls, pastry rolls, cabbage rolls, quiche, sandwiches, crackers and meat or poultry lunch-type packages, gyros, burger on a bun, frank on a bun, calzones, tacos, pockets stuffed with meat, lasagna, chicken cordon bleu, stuffed vegetables with meat or poultry, shish kabobs, empanadas, fajitas, souvlaki, meat pie or tourtière140 g without gravy or sauce
195 g with gravy or sauce
109Hors d’oeuvres50 g
Nuts and Seeds
110Nuts and seeds, not for use as snacks: whole, chopped, sliced, slivered or ground30 g shelled
111Butters, pastes and creams, other than peanut butter30 g
112Peanut butter15 g
113Flours, such as coconut flour15 g
Potatoes, Sweet Potatoes and Yams
114French fries, hash browns, skins and pancakes85 g frozen French fries
70 g prepared
115Mashed, candied, stuffed or with sauce140 g
116Plain, fresh, canned or frozen110 g fresh or frozen
125 g vacuum packed
160 g cannedFootnote for Reference Amounts2
117Salads, such as egg, fish, shellfish, bean, fruit, vegetable, meat, ham or poultry salad, except those listed as a separate item100 g
118Gelatin salad120 g
119Pasta or potato salad140 g
Sauces, Dips, Gravies and Condiments
120Sauces for dipping, such as barbecue, hollandaise, tartar, mustard or sweet and sour sauce30 mL
121Dips, such as legume or dairy-based30 g
122Major main entree sauce, such as spaghetti sauce125 mL
123Minor main entree sauce, such as pizza sauce, pesto sauce or other sauces used as toppings, such as white sauce, cheese sauce, salsa, cocktail sauce or gravy60 mL
124Major condiments, such as ketchup, steak sauce, soy sauce, vinegar, teriyaki sauce or marinades15 mL
125Minor condiments, such as horseradish, hot sauce, mustard or worcestershire sauce5 mL
126Chips, pretzels, popcorn, extruded snacks, grain-based snack mixes and fruit-based snacks, such as fruit chips50 g
127Nuts or seeds for use as snacks50 g shelled
128Meat or poultry snack food sticks20 g
129All varieties250 mL
Sugars and Sweets
130Candies, including chocolate bars and other chocolate products, except those listed as a separate item40 g
131Hard candies, except those listed as a separate item15 g
132Baking candies, such as chocolate chips15 g
133Breath mints2 g
134Roll-type hard candies and mini size hard candies in dispenser packages5 g
135Confectioner’s or icing sugar30 g
136Bread spreads, except those listed as a separate item, honey and molasses20 g
137Jams, jellies, marmalades, fruit butters and spreads15 mL
138Marshmallows30 g
139Sugars, except those listed as a separate item4 g
140Sugar substituteamount equivalent in sweetness to 4 g of sugar
141Syrups, including chocolate, maple and corn syrup30 mL as ingredient
60 mL other uses
142Vegetables without sauce, including cream style corn and stewed tomatoes, but not including vegetables without sauce listed as a separate item85 g fresh or frozen
125 mL cannedFootnote for Reference Amounts2
143Vegetables with sauce110 g fresh or frozen
125 mL canned
144Vegetables primarily used for garnish or flavouring, fresh, canned or frozen, but not dried, such as parsley or garlic4 g
145Chili pepper and green onion30 g
146Seaweed15 g
147Lettuce and sprouts65 g
148Vegetable juice and vegetable drink250 mL
149Olives15 gFootnote for Reference Amounts2
150Pickles30 gFootnote for Reference Amounts2
151Relish15 mL
152Vegetable pastes, such as tomato paste30 mL
153Vegetable sauce or purée, such as tomato sauce or tomato purée60 mL
  • Return to footnote 1Unless otherwise noted, the reference amounts are for the ready-to-serve or almost ready-to-serve form of the food. If not listed separately, the reference amount for the unprepared form, such as dry mixes, concentrates, dough, batter, and fresh or frozen pasta, is the amount required to make one reference amount of the prepared form.

  • Return to footnote 2Excludes any liquid in which the solid food may be packed or canned, unless the liquid is customarily consumed with the solid food.

  • Return to footnote 3Meat and poultry substitutes include extended and simulated meat and poultry products.

  • SOR/2003-11, s. 37;
  • SOR/2010-94, s. 7(F);
  • SOR/2012-43, ss. 47, 48.
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