Consumer Chemicals and Containers Regulations, 2001 (SOR/2001-269)

Regulations are current to 2017-11-20 and last amended on 2016-06-22. Previous Versions

Determination of Toxicity

Marginal note:Data sources
  •  (1) The responsible person for a toxic product must determine, from one or more of the following data sources in the following order of precedence, its toxicity or, in the case of a mixture that separates, the toxicity of each layer of the mixture:

    • (a) the LD50 or LC50 or both, as the case may be, of the product or of the layer as determined by the peer-reviewed results of acute toxicity tests using the product on animals, which tests were conducted in accordance with the OECD Test Guidelines for acute toxicity testing;

    • (b) if tests on animals using the product have not been conducted in accordance with the OECD Test Guidelines for acute toxicity testing, the LD50 or LC50 or both, as the case may be, of the product or of the layer as determined by

      • (i) peer-reviewed results of acute toxicity tests of the product or the layer, which tests were conducted on animals in accordance with

        • (A) a National Standard or an international standard recognized by the Standards Council of Canada, or

        • (B) a generally accepted procedure that conformed with good scientific practices at the time the tests were conducted,

      • (ii) if the product is a mixture that does not separate, section 36,

      • (iii) peer-reviewed results of tests of a chemical product or a substance that has similar properties to those of the product or of the layer under examination, which tests were conducted on animals in accordance with

        • (A) OECD Test Guidelines for acute toxicity testing,

        • (B) a National Standard or an international standard recognized by the Standards Council of Canada, or

        • (C) a generally accepted procedure that conformed with good scientific practices at the time the tests were conducted, or

      • (iv) other current, peer-reviewed information about the product or the layer; or

    • (c) the LD50 or LC50 or both, as the case may be, of the product or of the layer as determined by the results of tests conducted with the toxic product by the responsible person in accordance with a test methodology that conforms with good scientific practices.

  • Marginal note:Differing data sources

    (2) In the case of differing data sources,

    • (a) an original literature source must be used in preference to a literature source that refers to the original study; and

    • (b) a source that reports test results that conform with good scientific practices and that disclose the greatest hazard must be used.

  • Marginal note:Mixture that separates

    (3) In the case of a mixture that separates, the toxic product must be assigned the LD50 or LC50 or both, as the case may be, of the most toxic layer.

  • Definition of mixture that separates

    (4) In this section, mixture that separates means a chemical product in a liquid or semi-liquid state that separates into two or more distinct layers if left standing undisturbed for a period of 30 days at 20oC.

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 10;
  • SOR/2016-170, s. 8(E).
Marginal note:Additivity formulas — LD50 or LC50 of mixtures
  •  (1) The LD50 or LC50 of a mixture may be determined from the LD50 or LC50 of its ingredients that are present in a concentration of 1% or more, using one of the following additivity formulas, as the case may be:

    • (a) for a solid or a liquid

      LD50 = 1/[(Pa/LD50a)+(Pb/LD50b)+...+(Pn/LD50n)]

      where

      LD50
      represents the LD50 of the mixture,
      LD50a to LD50n
      represent the LD50 of each ingredient that is present in a concentration of 1% or more, and
      Pa to Pn
      represent the proportion by weight of each ingredient that is present in a concentration of 1% or more; or
    • (b) for a gas, vapour, dust, mist or fume

      LC50 = 1/[(Pa/LC50a)+(Pb/LC50b)+...+(Pn/LC50n)]

      where

      LC50
      represents the LC50 of the mixture,
      LC50a to LC50n
      represent the LC50 of each ingredient that is present in a concentration of 1% or more, and
      Pa to Pn
      represent the proportion by weight of each ingredient that is present in a concentration of 1% or more.
  • Marginal note:Complex mixture

    (2) For the purposes of the additivity formulas set out in subsection (1), “ingredient” includes a complex mixture.

  • Marginal note:When LD50 or LC50 of ingredient is not known but can be estimated

    (3) When the LD50 or LC50 of one or more ingredients present in a chemical product in a concentration of 1% or more is not known, the responsible person may, in the additivity formulas set out in subsection (1), use an estimated LD50 or LC50 determined in accordance with good scientific practices.

  • Marginal note:When LD50 or LC50 of ingredient is not known and cannot be estimated

    (4) When the LD50 or LC50 of one or more ingredients present in a chemical product is not known and cannot be estimated from information referred to in paragraph 35(1)(b) or (c), the responsible person, in the additivity formulas set out in subsection (1), must substitute for the LD50 or LC50 of the ingredient, the LD50 or LC50 of the most toxic known ingredient that is present in the product at a concentration of 1% or more.

  • SOR/2016-170, s. 8(E).
Marginal note:Conversion to a 4-hour LC50

 An LC50 obtained during a duration of exposure of other than four hours must be converted to an LC50 equivalent to a duration of exposure of four hours by using one of the following formulas, as the case may be:

  • (a) for a gas or vapour

    LC50 of 4 hours = (LC50y)(y½/2)

    where

    LC50 of 4 hours
    represents the LC50 of the mixture for a duration of exposure of four hours,
    LC50y
    represents the LC50 of the mixture for a duration of exposure of y hours, and
    y
    represents the actual duration of exposure expressed in hours and must be no greater than 10 hours; or
  • (b) for a dust, mist or fume

    LC50 of 4 hours = (LC50y)(y/4)

    where

    LC50 of 4 hours
    represents the LC50 of the mixture for a duration of exposure of four hours,
    LC50y
    represents the LC50 of the mixture for a duration of exposure of y hours, and
    y
    represents the actual duration of exposure expressed in hours and must be no greater than 10 hours.

Very Toxic Products

Marginal note:Prohibition

 The manufacturing, importation, advertising or sale of a chemical product that is classified in the sub-category “very toxic” under section 33 is prohibited.

  • SOR/2011-24, s. 4;
  • SOR/2016-170, s. 5.

Required Information

Marginal note:Required information — sub-category “toxic”
  •  (1) The container of a chemical product that is classified in the sub-category “toxic” under section 33 must display, for each type of information set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection, and for each applicable route of exposure set out in column 2, the information set out in columns 3 and 4, other than the instructions set out in italics.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 39(1)

    REQUIRED INFORMATION — SUB-CATEGORY “TOXIC”

    Column 1Column 2Column 3Column 4
    ItemType of informationApplicable route of exposureEnglish informationFrench information
    1Hazard symbolAll
    A symbol for a poisonous substance, described by an octagonal border encompassing a skull and crossbones.
    Un symbole pour un poison, décrit par un contour octogonal contenant un crâne et des os.
    2Signal wordAllDANGERDANGER
    3Primary hazard statementAllPOISONPOISON
    4Specific hazard statement
    • (a) Oral or aspiration

    CONTENTS HARMFULCONTENU NOCIF
    CONTENTS HARMFULCONTENU NOCIF
    • (c) Inhalation

    CONTENTS HARMFUL

    or, if only the vapour or fume poses a hazard:

    FUMES HARMFUL

    CONTENU NOCIF

    or, if only the vapour or fume poses a hazard:

    ÉMANATIONS NOCIVES

    5Negative instructions
    • (a) Oral or aspiration

    Do not swallow.Ne pas avaler.
    • (b) Oral and contains 1% or more methyl alcohol and a total quantity of 5 mL or more

    May cause blindness if swallowed.L’ingestion peut causer la cécité.
    Do not get in eyes or on skin or clothing.Éviter tout contact avec les yeux, la peau et les vêtements.
    • (d) Inhalation

    Do not breathe fumes.Ne pas respirer les émanations.
    6Positive instructionsKeep out of reach of children.Tenir hors de la portée des enfants.
    • (b) Oral or aspiration

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., a mask.].Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., un masque.].
    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., rubber gloves, safety glasses.].Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., des gants de caoutchouc, des lunettes de sécurité.].
    • (d) Inhalation

    Use only in a well-ventilated area.

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., a mask, a respirator.].

    N’utiliser que dans un endroit bien aéré.

    Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., un masque, un respirateur.].

    7First aid statement

    FIRST AID TREATMENT

    Contains [name of hazardous ingredients in descending order of proportion].

    If swallowed, call a Poison Control Centre or doctor immediately.

    PREMIERS SOINS

    Contient [name of hazardous ingredients in descending order of proportion].

    En cas d’ingestion, appeler immédiatement un centre antipoison ou un médecin.

    • (b) Oral or aspiration

    When appropriate, [Insert instructions for administering first aid, e.g., Do not induce vomiting.].When appropriate, [Insert instructions for administering first aid, e.g., Ne pas provoquer le vomissement.].

    If in eyes or on skin, rinse well with water.

    If on clothes, remove clothes.

    En cas de contact avec les yeux ou la peau, bien rincer avec de l’eau.

    En cas de contact avec les vêtements, enlever ceux-ci.

    • (d) Inhalation

    If breathed in, move person into fresh air.En cas d’inhalation, transporter à l’air frais la personne exposée.
  • Marginal note:Required information — sub-category “harmful”

    (2) The container of a chemical product that is classified in the sub-category “harmful” under section 33 must display, for each type of information set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection, and for each applicable route of exposure set out in column 2, the information set out in columns 3 and 4, other than the instructions set out in italics.

    TABLE TO SUBSECTION 39(2)

    REQUIRED INFORMATION — SUB-CATEGORY “HARMFUL”

    Column 1Column 2Column 3Column 4
    ItemType of informationApplicable route of exposureEnglish informationFrench information
    1Hazard symbolAll
    A symbol for a poisonous substance, described by an octagonal border encompassing a skull and crossbones.
    Un symbole pour un poison, décrit par un contour octogonal contenant un crâne et des os.
    2Signal wordAllCAUTIONATTENTION
    3Primary hazard statementAllPOISONPOISON
    4Specific hazard statement(a) Oral or aspirationCONTENTS MAY BE HARMFULLE CONTENU PEUT ÊTRE NOCIF
    CONTENTS MAY BE HARMFULLE CONTENU PEUT ÊTRE NOCIF
    • (c) Inhalation

    CONTENTS MAY BE HARMFUL

    or, if only the vapour or fume poses a hazard:

    FUMES MAY BE HARMFUL

    LE CONTENU PEUT ÊTRE NOCIF

    or, if only the vapour or fume poses a hazard:

    LES ÉMANATIONS PEUVENT ÊTRE NOCIVES

    5Negative instructions
    • (a) Oral or aspiration

    Do not swallow.Ne pas avaler.
    Do not get in eyes or on skin or clothing.Éviter tout contact avec les yeux, la peau et les vêtements.
    • (c) Inhalation

    Do not breathe fumes.Ne pas respirer les émanations.
    6Positive instructionsKeep out of reach of children.Tenir hors de la portée des enfants.
    • (b) Oral or aspiration

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., a mask.].Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., un masque.].
    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., rubber gloves, safety glasses.].Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., des gants de caoutchouc, des lunettes de sécurité.].
    • (d) Inhalation

    Use only in a well-ventilated area.

    Wear [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., a mask, a respirator.].

    N’utiliser que dans un endroit bien aéré.

    Porter [Insert description of the specific safety equipment relevant to the hazard, e.g., un masque, un respirateur.].

    7First aid statement

    FIRST AID TREATMENT

    Contains [name of hazardous ingredients in descending order of proportion].

    If swallowed, call a Poison Control Centre or doctor immediately.

    PREMIERS SOINS

    Contient [name of hazardous ingredients in descending order of proportion].

    En cas d’ingestion, appeler immédiatement un centre antipoison ou un médecin.

    • (b) Oral or aspiration

    When appropriate, [Insert instructions for administering first aid, e.g., Do not induce vomiting.].When appropriate, [Insert instructions for administering first aid, e.g., Ne pas provoquer le vomissement.].

    If in eyes or on skin, rinse well with water.

    If on clothes, remove clothes.

    En cas de contact avec les yeux ou la peau, bien rincer avec de l’eau.

    En cas de contact avec les vêtements, enlever ceux-ci.

    • (d) Inhalation

    If breathed in, move person into fresh air.En cas d’inhalation, transporter à l’air frais la personne exposée.
  • (3) [Repealed, SOR/2009-165, s. 12]

  • SOR/2009-165, s. 12.
 
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