On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations (SOR/2003-2)

Regulations are current to 2017-11-06 and last amended on 2015-07-16. Previous Versions

Fleet Average Cold NMHC Standards

 For the 2017 and later model years, the average cold NMHC value for a company’s fleet that is composed of all of its light-duty vehicles and light light-duty trucks of a specific model year that are operated by an Otto-cycle engine shall not exceed the applicable fleet average cold NMHC standard set out in Table 5 of section 1811 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart S, of the CFR.

  • SOR/2015-186, s. 27.

 For the 2017 and later model years, the average cold NMHC value for a company’s fleet that is composed of all of its heavy light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles of a specific model year that are operated by an Otto-cycle engine shall not exceed the fleet average cold NMHC standard set out for heavy light-duty trucks in Table 5 of section 1811 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart S, of the CFR.

  • SOR/2015-186, s. 27.

Calculation of Fleet Average Cold NMHC Values

  •  (1) Subject to section 25.2, for each of a company’s fleets referred to in sections 24.6 and 24.7, the company shall calculate the average cold NMHC value in accordance with the following formula:

    [Σ (A × B)]/C

    where

    A
    is the family emission limit for cold NMHC for each test group;
    B
    is the number of vehicles in the fleet that conform to the family emission limit for the test group in question; and
    C
    is the total number of vehicles in the fleet.
  • (2) The average cold NMHC value for the fleet shall be rounded to one decimal place.

  • SOR/2015-186, s. 27.

Fleet Average Evaporative Emission Standards

 For the purposes of sections 24.10, 24.11, 25.3, 26.3, 27 and 28, for vehicles of a specific model year, the following groupings are considered to constitute separate fleets for the purpose of evaporative emission averaging:

  • (a) all of a company’s light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks 1;

  • (b) all of a company’s light-duty trucks 2;

  • (c) all of a company’s heavy light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles; and

  • (d) all of a company’s Class 2B vehicles and Class 3 vehicles.

  • SOR/2015-186, s. 27.
  •  (1) The average evaporative emission value for the following fleets of a specific model year shall not exceed the applicable fleet average evaporative emission standards set out in Table 1 of section 1813 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart S, of the CFR for the percentage of vehicles of the model year in question referred to in subsection (5) or (6):

    • (a) for the 2017 and later model years, a company’s fleet of light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks 1 and a company’s fleet of light-duty trucks 2; and

    • (b) for the 2018 and later model years, a company’s fleet of heavy light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles and a company’s fleet of Class 2B vehicles and Class 3 vehicles.

  • (2) For the 2017 to 2022 model years, a company shall calculate the percentage of its vehicles of the model year in question in a given fleet that conform to the applicable standards referred to in subsection (1) unless each vehicle in the fleet

    • (a) is covered by an EPA certificate, conforms to the evaporative emission standards referred to in the EPA certificate and is of a model that is sold in greater numbers in the United States than in Canada; or

    • (b) conforms to the applicable evaporative emission standards set out in Table 1 of section 1813 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart S, of the CFR, whether or not it is covered by an EPA certificate.

  • (3) For the 2017 to 2022 model years, a company may, in calculating the percentage of its vehicles of the model year in question in a given fleet that conform to the applicable standards referred to in subsection (1), take into account the allowances set out in section 1813(g)(1) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart S, of the CFR.

  • (4) In determining the number of vehicles in a given fleet that are to meet the evaporative emission standards referred to in subsection (1), in accordance with the applicable percentage, a company may exclude from the fleet all of its vehicles that are covered by an EPA certificate and that are of a model that is sold in greater numbers in the United States than in Canada.

  • (5) Subject to subsection (6), the percentage of vehicles of a specific model year in a given fleet that meet the evaporative emission standards referred to in subsection (1) shall be greater than or equal to the percentage set out in Table 3 of section 1813 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart S, of the CFR for the model year in question and, for the 2023 and later model years, 100 percent of the vehicles of the model year in question in a fleet shall meet the applicable evaporative emission standards.

  • (6) A company may elect not to comply with subsection (5) for the 2017 to 2021, 2018 to 2021, 2019 to 2021 or 2020 to 2021 model years if

    • (a) the total percentage of vehicles in the fleet for all of the applicable consecutive model years set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection that conform to the evaporative emission standards is greater than or equal to the percentage set out in column 2 for those consecutive model years; and

    • (b) the company notifies the Minister of its election before January 1 of the calendar year that corresponds to the first of the applicable consecutive model years set out in column 1 of the table to this subsection.

    TABLE

    PHASE-IN PERCENTAGES — ALTERNATE APPROACH

    Column 1Column 2
    ItemConsecutive Model YearsPercentage
    12017 to 202165
    22018 to 202170
    32019 to 202174
    42020 to 202180
  • (7) For greater certainty, all companies shall comply with subsection (5) for the 2022 and later model years.

  • SOR/2015-186, s. 27.

Calculation of Fleet Average Evaporative Emission Values

  •  (1) Subject to section 25.3, for each of a company’s fleets referred to in section 24.10, the company shall calculate the average evaporative emission value in accordance with the following formula:

    [Σ (A × B)]/C

    where

    A
    is the family emission limit for each evaporative emission family;
    B
    is the number of vehicles in the fleet that conform to the family emission limit for the evaporative emission family in question; and
    C
    is the total number of vehicles in the fleet.
  • (2) The average evaporative emission value for the fleet shall be rounded to one decimal place.

  • SOR/2015-186, s. 27.

Election Not to Calculate Fleet Average

  •  (1) A company may elect not to calculate an average NOx value for a fleet of a specific model year if every vehicle in that fleet conforms to a full useful life emission bin that has a NOx standard equal to or less than the applicable fleet average NOx standard for that model year that is set out in section 21, 22 or 23.

  • (2) For the purposes of section 26, subparagraph 32(2)(a)(ii) and paragraph 37(1)(c), the average NOX value in respect of a fleet of a model year for which a company makes an election under subsection (1) shall be the fleet average NOX standard applicable to the fleet for which the election was made.

  • SOR/2015-186, s. 29.
  •  (1) A company may elect not to calculate an average NMOG + NOX value for a fleet of a specific model year if every vehicle in that fleet conforms to a full useful life emission bin that has a NMOG + NOX standard equal to or less than the applicable fleet average NMOG + NOX standard for the model year in question that is referred to in section 24.1 or 24.2.

  • (2) For the purposes of section 26.1, subparagraph 32(2)(b)(ii) and paragraph 37(1)(c), the average NMOG + NOX value in respect of a fleet of a model year for which a company makes an election under subsection (1) shall be the fleet average NMOG + NOX standard applicable to the fleet for which the election was made.

  • SOR/2015-186, s. 30.
  •  (1) A company may elect not to calculate an average cold NMHC value for a fleet of a specific model year if every vehicle in that fleet conforms to a cold NMHC family emission limit that is equal to or less than the applicable fleet average cold NMHC standard for the model year in question that is referred to in section 24.6 or 24.7.

  • (2) For the purposes of section 26.2, subparagraph 32(2)(c)(ii) and paragraph 37(1)(c), the average cold NMHC value in respect of a fleet of a model year for which a company makes an election under subsection (1) shall be the fleet average cold NMHC standard applicable to the fleet for which the election was made.

  • SOR/2015-186, s. 30.
 
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