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Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2021-04-20 and last amended on 2021-01-01. Previous Versions

Part VII — Commercial Air Services (continued)

Division III — Flight Crew Member Fatigue Management (continued)

[
  • SOR/2006-199, s. 15
  • SOR/2018-269, s. 18
]

Maximum Number of Hours of Work

  •  (1) An air operator shall not assign a flight duty period to a flight crew member, and a flight crew member shall not accept such an assignment, if, as a result, the member’s number of hours of work will exceed

    • (a) 2,200 hours in any 365 consecutive days;

    • (b) 192 hours in any 28 consecutive days;

    • (c) 60 hours in any 7 consecutive days if the air operator has provided the member with the following time free from duty:

      • (i) 1 single day free from duty in any 168 consecutive hours, and

      • (ii) 4 single days free from duty in any 672 consecutive hours; or

    • (d) 70 hours in any 7 consecutive days if the air operator has provided 120 consecutive hours free from duty, including 5 consecutive local nights’ rest, in any 504 consecutive hours and if

      • (i) the member is not assigned early duty, late duty or night duty,

      • (ii) the member is not assigned a flight duty period greater than 12 hours, and

      • (iii) the member’s maximum number of hours of work is 24 hours in any consecutive 48 hours.

  • (2) An air operator who has assigned to a flight crew member a flight duty period that will result in the member’s number of hours of work exceeding those referred to in paragraph (1)(d) shall ensure that the member has 120 consecutive hours free from duty, including 5 consecutive local nights’ rest, before assigning a flight duty period that will result in the member’s number of hours of work exceeding those referred to in paragraph (1)(c).

  • (3) A flight crew member’s hours of work are to include

    • (a) in the case of a flight crew member on reserve, 33% of the time that they are in a reserve availability period; and

    • (b) in the case of a flight crew member on standby, 100% of the time that they are on standby.

  • SOR/2018-269, s. 13

[700.30 to 700.35 reserved]

Home Base

 An air operator shall assign a home base for each of its flight crew members.

  • SOR/2018-269, s. 13

Nutrition Break

 An air operator shall provide a flight crew member with not less than 15 minutes every 6 hours within a flight duty period to eat and drink.

  • SOR/2018-269, s. 13

[700.38 and 700.39 reserved]

Rest Periods — General

  •  (1) An air operator shall provide a flight crew member with the following rest periods at the end of a flight duty period:

    • (a) if the flight duty period ends at home base,

      • (i) either 12 hours, or 11 hours plus the travel time to and from the place where the rest period is taken, or

      • (ii) if the air operator provides suitable accommodation, 10 hours in that suitable accommodation; and

    • (b) if the flight duty period ends away from home base, 10 hours in suitable accommodation.

  • (2) If an air operator assigns a duty to a flight crew member for a period — excluding the time required for positioning — that exceeds by one hour or more the maximum flight duty period referred to in section 700.28, the rest period shall be the longer of

    • (a) the maximum flight duty period plus the amount of time worked beyond the maximum flight duty period, and

    • (b) the rest period referred to in subsection (1).

  • (3) An air operator shall have a means to determine the travel time referred to in subparagraph (1)(a)(i).

  • (4) An air operator shall provide a flight crew member with advance notice of the member’s rest period and its duration.

  • SOR/2018-269, s. 13

Disruptive Schedules

  •  (1) In addition to the rest periods required under section 700.40, an air operator shall provide a flight crew member with one local night’s rest between

    • (a) the time at which late duty or night duty ends and the time at which the following early duty begins; or

    • (b) the time at which early duty ends and the time at which the following late duty or night duty begins.

  • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply when a flight crew member is at a location where local time differs by more than four hours from the local time at the last location where the member was acclimatized.

  • SOR/2018-269, s. 13

Rest Periods — Time Zone Differences

  •  (1) Despite section 700.40, an air operator shall provide a flight crew member with the following rest periods when their flight duty period ends away from home base:

    • (a) 11 consecutive hours in suitable accommodation, if the local time at the location where the flight duty period began differs by four hours from the local time at the location where the flight duty period ends; and

    • (b) 14 consecutive hours in suitable accommodation, if the local time at the location where the flight duty period began differs by more than four hours from the local time at the location where the flight duty period ends.

  • (2) Despite section 700.40, an air operator shall provide a flight crew member with the following rest periods when their flight duty period begins at a location that is in a time zone other than the time zone in which home base is located and ends at home base:

    • (a) 13 consecutive hours, if the local time at the location where the flight duty period began differs by four hours from the local time at home base and the member has been away from home base for more than 36 consecutive hours;

    • (b) if the local time at the location where the flight duty period began differs by more than 4 but not more than 10 hours from the local time at home base, and

      • (i) the member has been away from home base for 60 consecutive hours or less and no part of the flight duty period occurs during any part of the member’s window of circadian low, one local night’s rest before the beginning of the next flight duty period, or

      • (ii) the member has been away from home base for more than 60 consecutive hours, or any part of the flight duty period occurs within any part of the member’s window of circadian low, two local nights’ rest before the beginning of the next flight duty period; or

    • (c) if the local time at the location where the flight duty period began differs by more than 10 hours from the local time at home base and

      • (i) the member has been away from home base for 60 consecutive hours or less, two local nights’ rest before the beginning of the next flight duty period, or

      • (ii) the member has been away from home base for more than 60 consecutive hours, three local nights’ rest before the beginning of the next flight duty period.

  • SOR/2018-269, s. 13

Rest Period — Positioning

  •  (1) If a flight crew member is required by the air operator to travel for the purpose of positioning immediately after the completion of a flight duty period and the flight duty period plus the travel time required for positioning exceed the maximum flight duty period set out in section 700.28, the air operator shall provide the member with a rest period before the beginning of the next flight duty period that is equal to the duration of

    • (a) the number of hours of work, if the maximum flight duty period is exceeded by three hours or less; or

    • (b) the number of hours of work plus the amount of time by which the maximum flight duty period is exceeded, if the maximum flight duty period is exceeded by more than three hours.

  • (2) Despite subsection (1), the rest period provided to the member by the air operator before the beginning of the next flight duty period shall not be shorter than the rest period required under subsection 700.40(1).

  • (3) An air operator shall not require the positioning of a flight crew member if it would result in the member’s maximum flight duty period being exceeded by more than three hours unless

    • (a) the member agrees to the positioning; and

    • (b) the member’s flight duty period is not exceeded by more than seven hours.

  • (4) An air operator shall consider the time required for the positioning of a flight crew member, that is not immediately followed by the assignment of a flight duty period, as a flight duty period for the purpose of determining the duration of the rest periods in accordance with section 700.40.

  • SOR/2018-269, s. 13
 
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