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Excise Act, 2001 (S.C. 2002, c. 22)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2022-06-20 and last amended on 2022-06-09. Previous Versions

PART 5General Provisions Concerning Duty and Other Amounts Payable (continued)

Returns and Payment of Duty and Other Amounts

Marginal note:Filing by licensee

 Every person who is licensed under this Act shall, not later than the last day of the first month after each reporting period of the person,

  • (a) file a return with the Minister, in the prescribed form and manner, for that reporting period;

  • (b) calculate, in the return, the total amount of the duty payable, if any, by the person for that reporting period; and

  • (c) pay that amount to the Receiver General.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 160
  • 2007, c. 18, s. 107
  • 2010, c. 25, s. 112

Marginal note:Filing by other persons

 Every person who is not licensed under this Act and who is required to pay duty under this Act shall, not later than the last day of the first month after the fiscal month of the person in which the duty became payable,

  • (a) file a return with the Minister, in the prescribed form and manner, for that fiscal month;

  • (b) calculate, in the return, the total amount of the duty payable by the person for that fiscal month; and

  • (c) pay that amount to the Receiver General.

Marginal note:Set-off of refunds

 If, at any time, a person files a return in which the person reports an amount that is required to be paid under this Act by them and the person claims a refund payable to them at that time, in the return or in another return, or in a separate application filed under this Act with the return, the person is deemed to have paid at that time, and the Minister is deemed to have refunded at that time, an amount equal to the lesser of the amount required to be paid and the amount of the refund.

Marginal note:Large payments

 Every person who is required under this Act to pay any duty, interest or other amount to the Receiver General shall, if the amount is $50,000 or more, make the payment to the account of the Receiver General at

  • (a) a bank;

  • (b) an authorized foreign bank, as defined in section 2 of the Bank Act, that is not subject to the restrictions and requirements referred to in subsection 524(2) of that Act;

  • (c) a credit union;

  • (d) a corporation authorized under the laws of Canada or a province to carry on the business of offering its services as a trustee to the public; or

  • (e) a corporation authorized under the laws of Canada or a province to accept deposits from the public and that carries on the business of lending money on the security of real property or immovables or investing in mortgages on real property or hypothecs on immovables.

Marginal note:Authority for separate returns

  •  (1) A licensee who engages in one or more activities in separate branches or divisions may file an application, in the prescribed form and manner, with the Minister for authority to file separate returns and applications for refunds under this Act in respect of a branch or division specified in the application.

  • Marginal note:Authorization by Minister

    (2) On receipt of the application, the Minister may, in writing, authorize the licensee to file separate returns and applications for refunds in relation to the specified branch or division, subject to any conditions that the Minister may at any time impose, if the Minister is satisfied that

    • (a) the branch or division can be separately identified by reference to the location of the branch or division or the nature of the activities engaged in by it; and

    • (b) separate records, books of account and accounting systems are maintained in respect of the branch or division.

  • Marginal note:Revocation of authorization

    (3) The Minister may revoke an authorization if

    • (a) the licensee, in writing, requests the Minister to revoke the authorization;

    • (b) the licensee fails to comply with any condition imposed in respect of the authorization or any provision of this Act;

    • (c) the Minister is no longer satisfied that the requirements of subsection (2) in respect of the licensee are met; or

    • (d) the Minister considers that the authorization is no longer required.

  • Marginal note:Notice of revocation

    (4) If the Minister revokes an authorization, the Minister shall send a notice in writing of the revocation to the licensee and shall specify in the notice the effective date of the revocation.

Marginal note:Amounts owing of $2 or less in total

  •  (1) If the Minister determines, at any time, that the total of all amounts owing by a person to Her Majesty under this Act does not exceed two dollars, those amounts are deemed to be nil.

  • Marginal note:Amounts payable of $2 or less in total

    (2) If, at any time, the total of all amounts payable by the Minister to a person under this Act does not exceed two dollars, the Minister may apply those amounts against any amount owing, at that time, by the person to Her Majesty. However, if the person, at that time, does not owe any amount to Her Majesty, those amounts are deemed to be nil.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 165
  • 2003, c. 15, s. 91
  • 2006, c. 4, s. 113

Meaning of electronic filing

  •  (1) For the purposes of this section, electronic filing means using electronic media in a manner specified in writing by the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Filing of return by electronic filing

    (2) A person who is required to file with the Minister a return under this Act, and who meets the criteria specified in writing by the Minister for the purposes of this section, may file the return by way of electronic filing.

  • Marginal note:Deemed filing

    (3) For the purposes of this Act, if a person files a return by way of electronic filing, it is deemed to be a return in the prescribed form filed with the Minister on the day the Minister acknowledges acceptance of it.

Marginal note:Execution of returns, etc.

 A return, other than a return filed by way of electronic filing under section 166, a certificate or other document made by a person, other than an individual, under this Act shall be signed on behalf of the person by an individual duly authorized to do so by the person or the governing body of the person. If the person is a corporation or an association or organization that has duly elected or appointed officers, the president, vice-president, secretary and treasurer, or other equivalent officers, of the corporation, association or organization, are deemed to be so duly authorized.

Marginal note:Extension of time

  •  (1) At any time, the Minister may, in writing, extend the time limited under this Act for a person to file a return or provide information.

  • Marginal note:Effect of extension

    (2) If the Minister extends the time under subsection (1),

    • (a) the return shall be filed, or the information shall be provided, within the time so extended;

    • (b) any duty payable that the person is required to report in the return shall be paid within the time so extended;

    • (c) any interest payable under section 170 on any amount payable in respect of the return shall be calculated as though the amount were required to be paid on the day on which the extended time expires; and

    • (d) any penalty payable under section 251.1 in respect of the return shall be calculated as though the return were required to be filed on the day on which the extended time expires.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 168
  • 2006, c. 4, s. 114

Marginal note:Demand for return

 The Minister may, on demand sent by the Minister, require any person to file, within any reasonable time stipulated in the demand, a return under this Act for any period designated in the demand.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 169
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 46

Interest

Marginal note:Compound interest on amounts not paid when required

  •  (1) If a person fails to pay an amount to the Receiver General as and when required under this Act, the person shall pay to the Receiver General interest on the amount. The interest shall be compounded daily at the prescribed rate and computed for the period beginning on the first day after the day on which the amount was required to be paid and ending on the day the amount is paid.

  • Marginal note:Payment of interest that is compounded

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), interest that is compounded on a particular day on an unpaid amount of a person is deemed to be required to be paid by the person to the Receiver General at the end of the particular day, and, if the person has not paid the interest so computed by the end of the day after the particular day, the interest shall be added to the unpaid amount at the end of the particular day.

  • Marginal note:Period where interest not payable

    (3) Despite any other provision of this Act, if the Minister notifies a person that the person is required to pay a specified amount under this Act and the person pays the specified amount in full before the end of the period that the Minister specifies with the notice, interest is not payable on the specified amount for the period.

  • Marginal note:Minimum interest and penalty

    (4) If, at any time, a person pays an amount not less than the total of all amounts, other than interest and penalty payable under section 251.1, owing at that time to Her Majesty under this Act for a reporting period of the person and the total amount of interest and the penalty payable by the person under this Act for that period is not more than $25.00, the Minister may waive the total amount.

  • (5) [Repealed, 2003, c. 15, s. 92]

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 170
  • 2003, c. 15, s. 92
  • 2006, c. 4, s. 115
  • 2010, c. 25, s. 113

Marginal note:Compound interest on amounts payable by Minister

 Interest shall be compounded daily at the prescribed rate on any amount payable by the Minister to a person. The interest shall be computed for the period beginning on the first day after the day on which the amount is required to be paid and ending on the day on which the amount is paid or is applied against an amount owed by the person to Her Majesty, unless this Act provides otherwise.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 171
  • 2003, c. 15, s. 93

Marginal note:Application of interest provisions

 For greater certainty, if an amendment to this Act, or an amendment or enactment that relates to this Act, comes into force on, or applies as of, a particular day that is before the day on which the amendment or enactment is assented to or promulgated, the provisions of this Act and of the Customs Act, as the case may be, that relate to the calculation and payment of interest apply in respect of the amendment or enactment as though it had been assented to or promulgated on the particular day.

Marginal note:Waiving or reducing interest

 The Minister may, on or before the particular day that is 10 calendar years after the day an amount was required to be paid by a person under this Act, or on application by the person on or before the particular day, waive or reduce any interest on the amount payable by the person under section 170.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 173
  • 2006, c. 4, s. 116
  • 2007, c. 18, s. 108

Refunds

Marginal note:Statutory recovery rights

 Except as specifically provided under this Act, the Customs Act, the Customs Tariff or the Financial Administration Act, no person has a right to recover any money paid to Her Majesty as or on account of, or that has been taken into account by Her Majesty as, duty, interest or other amount payable under this Act.

Marginal note:Applications for refunds

  •  (1) An application for a refund under this Act shall be filed with the Minister in the prescribed form and manner.

  • Marginal note:Single application

    (2) Only one application may be made under this Act for a refund with respect to any matter.

Marginal note:Payment if error

  •  (1) If a person has paid an amount as or on account of, or that was taken into account as, duty, interest or other amount payable under this Act in circumstances in which the amount was not payable by the person, whether the amount was paid by mistake or otherwise, the Minister shall pay a refund of that amount to the person.

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (2) A refund in respect of an amount shall not be paid to a person to the extent that

    • (a) the amount was taken into account as duty for a reporting period of the person and the Minister has assessed the person for the period under section 188; or

    • (b) the amount paid was duty, interest or other amount assessed under that section.

  • Marginal note:Application for refund

    (3) A refund of an amount shall not be paid to a person unless the person files an application for the refund within two years after the person paid the amount.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 176
  • 2010, c. 25, s. 114

Marginal note:Restriction on refunds, etc.

 A refund or a payment of an amount under this Act shall not be paid to a person to the extent that it can reasonably be regarded that

  • (a) the amount has previously been refunded, remitted or paid to that person, or applied against an amount owed by the person to Her Majesty, under this or any other Act of Parliament; or

  • (b) the person has applied for a refund, payment or remission of the amount under any other Act of Parliament.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 177
  • 2007, c. 18, s. 109

Marginal note:Restriction re trustees

 If a trustee is appointed under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act to act in the administration of the estate of a bankrupt, a refund or any other payment under this Act that the bankrupt was entitled to claim before the appointment shall not be paid after the appointment unless all returns required under this Act to be filed for reporting periods of the bankrupt ending before the appointment have been filed and all amounts required under this Act to be paid by the bankrupt in respect of those reporting periods have been paid.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 178
  • 2010, c. 25, s. 115

Marginal note:Overpayment of refunds, etc.

  •  (1) If an amount is paid to, or applied to a liability of, a person as a refund or other payment under this Act and the person is not entitled to the amount or the amount paid or applied exceeds the refund or other payment to which the person is entitled, the person shall pay to the Receiver General an amount equal to the refund, payment or excess on the day the amount is paid to, or applied to a liability of, the person.

  • Marginal note:Effect of reduction of refund, etc.

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), if a refund or other payment has been paid to a person in excess of the amount to which the person was entitled and the amount of the excess has, by reason of section 177, reduced the amount of any other refund or other payment to which the person would, but for the payment of the excess, be entitled, the person is deemed to have paid the amount of the reduction to the Receiver General.

 
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