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Excise Act, 2001 (S.C. 2002, c. 22)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2022-06-20 and last amended on 2022-06-09. Previous Versions

PART 5General Provisions Concerning Duty and Other Amounts Payable (continued)

Bankruptcies and Corporate Reorganizations

Marginal note:Definitions

  •  (1) The definitions in this subsection apply in this section.

    bankrupt

    bankrupt has the same meaning as in subsection 2(1) of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act. (failli)

    business

    business includes a part of a business. (entreprise)

    receiver

    receiver means a person who

    • (a) under the authority of a debenture, bond or other debt security, of a court order or of an Act of Parliament or of the legislature of a province, is empowered to operate or manage a business or a property of another person;

    • (b) is appointed by a trustee under a trust deed in respect of a debt security to exercise the authority of the trustee to manage or operate a business or a property of the debtor under the debt security;

    • (c) is appointed by a bank or an authorized foreign bank, within the meaning of section 2 of the Bank Act, to act as an agent of the bank in the exercise of the authority of the bank under subsection 426(3) of that Act in respect of property of another person;

    • (d) is appointed as a liquidator to liquidate the assets of a corporation or to wind up the affairs of a corporation; or

    • (e) is appointed as a committee, guardian or curator with the authority to manage and care for the affairs and assets of an individual who is incapable of managing those affairs and assets.

    It includes a person who is appointed to exercise the authority of a creditor under a debenture, bond or other debt security to operate or manage a business or a property of another person, but, if a person is appointed to exercise the authority of a creditor under a debenture, bond or other debt security to operate or manage a business or a property of another person, it does not include that creditor. (séquestre)

    relevant assets

    relevant assets of a receiver means

    • (a) if the receiver’s authority relates to all the properties, businesses, affairs and assets of a person, all those properties, businesses, affairs and assets; and

    • (b) if the receiver’s authority relates to only part of the properties, businesses, affairs or assets of a person, that part of the properties, businesses, affairs or assets. (actif pertinent)

    representative

    representative means a person, other than a trustee in bankruptcy or a receiver, who is administering, winding up, controlling or otherwise dealing with any property, business or estate. (représentant)

  • Marginal note:Trustee’s obligations

    (2) For the purposes of this Act, if on a particular day a person becomes a bankrupt,

    • (a) the trustee in bankruptcy, and not the person, is liable for the payment of any duty, interest or other amount (other than an amount that relates solely to activities in which the person begins to engage on or after the particular day and to which the bankruptcy does not relate) that becomes payable by the person under this Act during the period beginning on the day immediately after the day on which the trustee became the trustee in bankruptcy of the person and ending on the day on which the discharge of the trustee is granted under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act, except that

      • (i) the trustee is liable for the payment of any duty, interest or other amount that became payable by the person after the particular day in respect of reporting periods that ended on or before the particular day, or of any duty, interest or other amount that became payable by the person after the particular day, only to the extent of the property of the person in possession of the trustee available to satisfy the liability,

      • (ii) the trustee is not liable for the payment of any duty, interest or other amount for which a receiver is liable under subsection (3), and

      • (iii) the payment by the person of an amount in respect of the liability shall discharge the liability of the trustee to the extent of that amount;

    • (b) if, on the particular day the person is licensed or registered under this Act, the licence or registration continues in relation to the activities of the person to which the bankruptcy relates as though the trustee in bankruptcy were the licensee or registrant in respect of those activities and ceases to apply to the activities of the person in which the person begins to engage on or after the particular day and to which the bankruptcy does not relate;

    • (c) the reporting period of the person begins and ends on the day on which it would have begun and ended if the bankruptcy had not occurred, except that

      • (i) the reporting period of the person during which the person becomes a bankrupt shall end on the particular day and a new reporting period of the person in relation to the activities of the person to which the bankruptcy relates shall begin on the day immediately after the particular day, and

      • (ii) the reporting period of the person, in relation to the activities of the person to which the bankruptcy relates, during which the trustee in bankruptcy is discharged under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act shall end on the day on which the discharge is granted;

    • (d) subject to paragraph (f), the trustee in bankruptcy shall file with the Minister in the prescribed form and manner all returns in respect of the activities of the person to which the bankruptcy relates for the reporting periods of the person ending in the period beginning on the day immediately after the particular day and ending on the day on which the discharge of the trustee is granted under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act and that are required under this Act to be filed by the person, as if those activities were the only activities of the person;

    • (e) subject to paragraph (f), if the person has not on or before the particular day filed a return required under this Act to be filed by the person for a reporting period of the person ending on or before the particular day, the trustee in bankruptcy shall, unless the Minister waives in writing the requirement for the trustee to file the return, file with the Minister in the prescribed form and manner a return for that reporting period of the person; and

    • (f) if there is a receiver with authority in respect of any business, property, affairs or assets of the person, the trustee in bankruptcy is not required to include in any return any information that the receiver is required under subsection (3) to include in a return.

  • Marginal note:Receiver’s obligations

    (3) For the purposes of this Act, if on a particular day a receiver is vested with authority to manage, operate, liquidate or wind up any business or property, or to manage and care for the affairs and assets, of a person,

    • (a) if the relevant assets of the receiver are a part and not all of the person’s businesses, properties, affairs or assets, the relevant assets of the receiver shall be deemed to be, throughout the period during which the receiver is acting as receiver of the person, separate from the remainder of the businesses, properties, affairs or assets of the person as though the relevant assets were businesses, properties, affairs or assets, as the case may be, of a separate person;

    • (b) the person and the receiver are jointly and severally or solidarily liable for the payment of any duty, interest or other amount that becomes payable by the person under this Act before or during the period during which the receiver is acting as receiver of the person to the extent that the duty, interest or other amount can reasonably be considered to relate to the relevant assets of the receiver or to the businesses, properties, affairs or assets of the person that would have been the relevant assets of the receiver if the receiver had been acting as receiver of the person at the time the duty, interest or other amount became payable except that

      • (i) the receiver is liable for the payment of any duty, interest or other amount that became payable before that period only to the extent of the property of the person in possession or under the control and management of the receiver after

        • (A) satisfying the claims of creditors whose claims ranked, on the particular day, in priority to the claim of the Crown in respect of the duty, interest or other amount, and

        • (B) paying any amounts that the receiver is required to pay to a trustee in bankruptcy of the person,

      • (ii) the person is not liable for the payment of any duty, interest or other amount payable by the receiver, and

      • (iii) the payment by the person or the receiver of an amount in respect of the duty, interest or other amount shall discharge the joint and several or solidary liability to the extent of that amount;

    • (c) the reporting period of the person begins and ends on the day on which it would have begun and ended if the vesting had not occurred, except that

      • (i) the reporting period of the person, in relation to the relevant assets of the receiver, during which the receiver begins to act as receiver of the person, shall end on the particular day and a new reporting period of the person in relation to the relevant assets shall begin on the day immediately after the particular day, and

      • (ii) the reporting period of the person, in relation to the relevant assets, during which the receiver ceases to act as receiver of the person, shall end on the day on which the receiver ceases to act as receiver of the person;

    • (d) the receiver shall file with the Minister in the prescribed form and manner all returns in respect of the relevant assets of the receiver for reporting periods ending in the period during which the receiver is acting as receiver and that are required under this Act to be made by the person, as if the relevant assets were the only businesses, properties, affairs and assets of the person; and

    • (e) if the person has not on or before the particular day filed a return required under this Act to be filed by the person for a reporting period of the person ending on or before the particular day, the receiver shall, unless the Minister waives in writing the requirement for the receiver to file the return, file with the Minister in the prescribed form and manner a return for that reporting period that relates to the businesses, properties, affairs or assets of the person that would have been the relevant assets of the receiver if the receiver had been acting as receiver of the person during that reporting period.

  • Marginal note:Certificates for receivers and representatives

    (4) Every receiver and representative who controls property of another person who is required to pay any duty, interest or other amount under this Act shall, before distributing the property to any person, obtain a certificate from the Minister certifying that the following amounts have been paid or that security for the payment of them has, in accordance with this Act, been accepted by the Minister:

    • (a) all duty, interest and other amounts that are payable by the other person under this Act in respect of the reporting period during which the distribution is made, or any previous reporting period; and

    • (b) all duty, interest and other amounts that are, or can reasonably be expected to become, payable under this Act by the representative or receiver in that capacity in respect of the reporting period during which the distribution is made, or any previous reporting period.

  • Marginal note:Liability for failure to obtain certificate

    (5) Any receiver or representative who distributes property without obtaining a certificate in respect of the duty, interest or other amounts referred to in subsection (4) is personally liable for the payment of those amounts to the extent of the value of the property so distributed.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 212
  • 2010, c. 25, s. 119

Marginal note:Amalgamations

 If two or more corporations (each of which is referred to in this section as a “predecessor”) are merged or amalgamated to form one corporation (in this section referred to as the “new corporation”), the new corporation is deemed to be a separate person from each of the predecessors for the purposes of this Act except that, for prescribed purposes, the new corporation is deemed to be the same corporation as, and a continuation of, each predecessor.

PART 6Enforcement

Offences and Punishment

Marginal note:Unlawful production, sale, etc.

 Every person that contravenes any of sections 25, 25.2 to 25.4, 27 and 29, subsection 32.1(1) and sections 60, 62, 158.02, 158.04 to 158.06, 158.08 and 158.1 is guilty of an offence and liable

  • (a) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not less than $50,000 and not more than $1,000,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years, or to both; or

  • (b) on summary conviction, to a fine of not less than $10,000 and not more than $500,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than 18 months, or to both.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 214
  • 2008, c. 28, s. 60
  • 2010, c. 12, s. 42
  • 2018, c. 12, s. 79

Marginal note:Punishment — section 30

  •  (1) Every person who contravenes section 30 is guilty of an offence and liable

    • (a) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not less than the amount determined under subsection (2) and not more than the amount determined under subsection (3) or to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years, or to both; or

    • (b) on summary conviction, to a fine of not less than the amount determined under subsection (2) and not more than the lesser of $100,000 and the amount determined under subsection (3) or to imprisonment for a term of not more than 18 months, or to both.

  • Marginal note:Minimum amount

    (2) The amount determined under this subsection for an offence under subsection (1) is the greater of

    • (a) $3.144 multiplied by the number of kilograms of raw leaf tobacco to which the offence relates, and

    • (b) $1,000 in the case of an indictable offence and $500 in the case of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • Marginal note:Maximum amount

    (3) The amount determined under this subsection for an offence under subsection (1) is the greater of

    • (a) $4.716 multiplied by the number of kilograms of raw leaf tobacco to which the offence relates, and

    • (b) $2,000 in the case of an indictable offence and $1,000 in the case of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

Marginal note:Punishment — section 32

  •  (1) Every person who contravenes section 32 is guilty of an offence and liable

    • (a) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not less than the amount determined under subsection (2) and not more than the amount determined under subsection (3) or to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years, or to both; or

    • (b) on summary conviction, to a fine of not less than the amount determined under subsection (2) and not more than the lesser of $500,000 and the amount determined under subsection (3) or to imprisonment for a term of not more than 18 months, or to both.

  • Marginal note:Minimum amount

    (2) The amount determined under this subsection for an offence under subsection (1) is the greater of

    • (a) the total of

      • (i) in the case of cigarettes, the number of cigarettes to which the offence relates multiplied by the amount, rounded to the nearest one-hundredth, or, if the amount is equidistant from two consecutive one-hundredths, rounded to the higher one-hundredth, determined by the formula

        (A/5) × 2

        where

        A
        is the rate of duty applicable under section 1 of Schedule 1 for each five cigarettes at the time the offence was committed,
      • (ii) in the case of tobacco sticks, the number of tobacco sticks to which the offence relates multiplied by the amount, rounded to the nearest one-hundredth, or, if the amount is equidistant from two consecutive one-hundredths, rounded to the higher one-hundredth, determined by the formula

        B × 2

        where

        B
        is the rate of duty applicable under section 2 of Schedule 1 per tobacco stick at the time the offence was committed,
      • (iii) in the case of manufactured tobacco other than cigarettes or tobacco sticks, the number of grams of manufactured tobacco to which the offence relates multiplied by the amount, rounded to the nearest one-hundredth, or, if the amount is equidistant from two consecutive one-hundredths, rounded to the higher one-hundredth, determined by the formula

        (C/50) × 2

        where

        C
        is the rate of duty applicable under section 3 of Schedule 1 per 50 grams at the time the offence was committed, and
      • (iv) in the case of cigars, the number of cigars to which the offence relates multiplied by the amount, rounded to the nearest one-hundredth, or, if the amount is equidistant from two consecutive one-hundredths, rounded to the higher one-hundredth, determined by the formula

        D × 5

        where

        D
        is the rate of duty applicable under paragraph (a) of Schedule 2 per cigar at the time the offence was committed, and
    • (b) $1,000 in the case of an indictable offence and $500 in the case of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • Marginal note:Maximum amount

    (3) The amount determined under this subsection for an offence under subsection (1) is the greater of

    • (a) the total of

      • (i) in the case of cigarettes, the number of cigarettes to which the offence relates multiplied by the amount, rounded to the nearest one-hundredth, or, if the amount is equidistant from two consecutive one-hundredths, rounded to the higher one-hundredth, determined by the formula

        (A/5) × 3

        where

        A
        is the rate of duty applicable under section 1 of Schedule 1 for each five cigarettes at the time the offence was committed,
      • (ii) in the case of tobacco sticks, the number of tobacco sticks to which the offence relates multiplied by the amount, rounded to the nearest one-hundredth, or, if the amount is equidistant from two consecutive one-hundredths, rounded to the higher one-hundredth, determined by the formula

        B × 3

        where

        B
        is the rate of duty applicable under section 2 of Schedule 1 per tobacco stick at the time the offence was committed,
      • (iii) in the case of manufactured tobacco other than cigarettes or tobacco sticks, the number of grams of manufactured tobacco to which the offence relates multiplied by the amount, rounded to the nearest one-hundredth, or, if the amount is equidistant from two consecutive one-hundredths, rounded to the higher one-hundredth, determined by the formula

        (C/50) × 3

        where

        C
        is the rate of duty applicable under section 3 of Schedule 1 per 50 grams at the time the offence was committed, and
      • (iv) in the case of cigars, the number of cigars to which the offence relates multiplied by the amount, rounded to the nearest one-hundredth, or, if the amount is equidistant from two consecutive one-hundredths, rounded to the higher one-hundredth, determined by the formula

        D × 10

        where

        D
        is the rate of duty applicable under paragraph (a) of Schedule 2 per cigar that applied at the time the offence was committed, and
    • (b) $2,000 in the case of an indictable offence and $1,000 in the case of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 216
  • 2006, c. 4, s. 35
  • 2007, c. 35, s. 202
  • 2008, c. 28, s. 61
  • 2013, c. 33, s. 54
  • 2014, c. 20, s. 76
  • 2017, c. 20, s. 51
  • 2018, c. 12, s. 52
 
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