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Excise Act, 2001 (S.C. 2002, c. 22)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2022-06-20 and last amended on 2022-06-09. Previous Versions

PART 5General Provisions Concerning Duty and Other Amounts Payable (continued)

Appeal

Marginal note:Extension of time by Tax Court

  •  (1) A person who has made an application under section 196 may apply to the Tax Court to have the application granted after either

    • (a) the Minister has refused the application; or

    • (b) 90 days have elapsed after the application was made and the Minister has not notified the person of the Minister’s decision.

  • Marginal note:When application may not be made

    (2) No application may be made after the expiry of 30 days after the decision referred to in subsection 196(5) was mailed to the person.

  • Marginal note:How application made

    (3) An application must be made by filing in the Registry of the Tax Court, in accordance with the Tax Court of Canada Act, three copies of the documents delivered or mailed under subsection 196(3).

  • Marginal note:Copy to the Commissioner

    (4) The Tax Court must send a copy of the application to the Commissioner.

  • Marginal note:Powers of Court

    (5) The Tax Court may dispose of an application by dismissing or granting it and, in granting it, the Court may impose any terms that it considers just or order that the notice of objection be deemed to be a valid objection as of the date of the order.

  • Marginal note:When application to be granted

    (6) No application shall be granted under this section unless

    • (a) the application under subsection 196(1) was made within one year after the expiry of the time limited under this Act for objecting; and

    • (b) the person demonstrates that

      • (i) within the time limited under this Act for objecting, the person

        • (A) was unable to act or to give a mandate to act in their name, or

        • (B) had a bona fide intention to object to the assessment,

      • (ii) given the reasons set out in the application under this section and the circumstances of the case, it would be just and equitable to grant the application, and

      • (iii) the application under subsection 196(1) was made as soon as circumstances permitted it to be made.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 197
  • 2007, c. 18, s. 114

Marginal note:Appeal to Tax Court

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a person who has filed a notice of objection to an assessment may appeal to the Tax Court to have the assessment vacated or a reassessment made after

    • (a) the Minister has confirmed the assessment or has reassessed; or

    • (b) 180 days have elapsed after the filing of the notice of objection and the Minister has not notified the person that the Minister has vacated or confirmed the assessment or has reassessed.

  • Marginal note:No appeal

    (2) No appeal under subsection (1) may be instituted after the expiry of 90 days after notice that the Minister has reassessed or confirmed the assessment is sent to the person under subsection 195(10).

  • Marginal note:Amendment of appeal

    (3) The Tax Court may, on any terms that it sees fit, authorize a person who has instituted an appeal in respect of a matter to amend the appeal to include any further assessment in respect of the matter that the person is entitled under this section to appeal.

Marginal note:Extension of time to appeal

  •  (1) If no appeal to the Tax Court under section 198 has been instituted within the time limited by that section for doing so, a person may make an application to the Tax Court for an order extending the time within which an appeal may be instituted, and the Court may make an order extending the time for appealing and may impose any terms that it considers just.

  • Marginal note:Contents of application

    (2) An application must set out the reasons why the appeal was not instituted within the time limited under section 198 for doing so.

  • Marginal note:How application made

    (3) An application must be made by filing in the Registry of the Tax Court, in accordance with the Tax Court of Canada Act, three copies of the application together with three copies of the notice of appeal.

  • Marginal note:Copy to Deputy Attorney General of Canada

    (4) The Tax Court must send a copy of the application to the office of the Deputy Attorney General of Canada.

  • Marginal note:When order to be made

    (5) No order shall be made under this section unless

    • (a) the application is made within one year after the expiry of the time limited under section 198 for appealing; and

    • (b) the person demonstrates that

      • (i) within the time limited under section 198 for appealing, the person

        • (A) was unable to act or to give a mandate to act in their name, or

        • (B) had a bona fide intention to appeal,

      • (ii) given the reasons set out in the application and the circumstances of the case, it would be just and equitable to grant the application,

      • (iii) the application was made as soon as circumstances permitted it to be made, and

      • (iv) there are reasonable grounds for appealing from the assessment.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 199
  • 2007, c. 18, s. 115

Marginal note:Limitation on appeals to the Tax Court

  •  (1) Despite section 198, if a person has filed a notice of objection to an assessment, the person may appeal to the Tax Court to have the assessment vacated, or a reassessment made, only with respect to

    • (a) an issue in respect of which the person has complied with subsection 195(2) in the notice and only with respect to the relief sought in respect of the issue as specified by the person in the notice; or

    • (b) an issue described in subsection 195(5) if the person was not required to file a notice of objection to the assessment that gave rise to the issue.

  • Marginal note:No appeal if waiver

    (2) Despite section 198, a person may not appeal to the Tax Court to have an assessment vacated or varied in respect of an issue for which the right of objection or appeal has been waived in writing by the person.

Marginal note:Institution of appeals

 An appeal to the Tax Court under this Act shall be instituted in accordance with the Tax Court of Canada Act.

Marginal note:Notice to the Commissioner

 If an appeal is made to the Tax Court under section 18.3001 of the Tax Court of Canada Act, the Court shall immediately send a copy of the notice of appeal to the office of the Commissioner.

Marginal note:Disposition of appeal

 The Tax Court may dispose of an appeal from an assessment by

  • (a) dismissing it; or

  • (b) allowing it and

    • (i) vacating the assessment, or

    • (ii) referring the assessment back to the Minister for reconsideration and reassessment.

Marginal note:References to Tax Court

  •  (1) If the Minister and another person agree in writing that a question arising under this Act, in respect of any assessment or proposed assessment, should be determined by the Tax Court, that question shall be determined by that Court.

  • Marginal note:Time during consideration not to count

    (2) For the purpose of making an assessment of a person who agreed in writing to the determination of a question, filing a notice of objection to an assessment or instituting an appeal from an assessment, the time between the day on which proceedings are instituted in the Tax Court to have a question determined and the day on which the question is finally determined shall not be counted in the computation of

    • (a) the four-year periods referred to in section 191;

    • (b) the period within which a notice of objection to an assessment may be filed under section 195; or

    • (c) the period within which an appeal may be instituted under section 198.

Marginal note:Reference of common questions to Tax Court

  •  (1) If the Minister is of the opinion that a question arising out of one and the same transaction or occurrence or series of transactions or occurrences is common to assessments or proposed assessments in respect of two or more persons, the Minister may apply to the Tax Court for a determination of the question.

  • Marginal note:Contents of application

    (2) An application shall set out

    • (a) the question in respect of which the Minister requests a determination;

    • (b) the names of the persons that the Minister seeks to have bound by the determination of the question; and

    • (c) the facts and reasons on which the Minister relies and on which the Minister based or intends to base assessments of each person named in the application.

  • Marginal note:Service

    (3) A copy of the application shall be served by the Minister on each of the persons named in it and on any other person who, in the opinion of the Tax Court, is likely to be affected by the determination of the question.

  • Marginal note:Determination by Tax Court of question

    (4) If the Tax Court is satisfied that a determination of a question set out in an application will affect assessments or proposed assessments in respect of two or more persons who have been served with a copy of the application and who are named in an order of the Tax Court under this subsection, it may

    • (a) if none of the persons so named has appealed from such an assessment, proceed to determine the question in any manner that it considers appropriate; or

    • (b) if one or more of the persons so named has or have appealed, make any order joining a party or parties to that or those appeals that it considers appropriate and proceed to determine the question.

  • Marginal note:Determination final and conclusive

    (5) Subject to subsection (6), if a question set out in an application is determined by the Tax Court, the determination is final and conclusive for the purposes of any assessments of persons named by the Court under subsection (4).

  • Marginal note:Appeal

    (6) If a question set out in an application is determined by the Tax Court, the Minister or any of the persons who have been served with a copy of the application and who are named in an order of the Court under subsection (4) may, in accordance with the provisions of this Act, the Tax Court of Canada Act or the Federal Courts Act, as they relate to appeals from or applications for judicial review of decisions of the Tax Court, appeal from the determination.

  • Marginal note:Parties to appeal

    (7) The parties who are bound by a determination are parties to any appeal from the determination.

  • Marginal note:Time during consideration not counted

    (8) For the purpose of making an assessment of the person, filing a notice of objection to an assessment or instituting an appeal from an assessment, the periods described in subsection (9) shall not be counted in the computation of

    • (a) the four-year periods referred to in section 191;

    • (b) the period within which a notice of objection to an assessment may be filed under section 195; or

    • (c) the period within which an appeal may be instituted under section 198.

  • Marginal note:Excluded periods

    (9) The period that is not to be counted in the computation of the periods described in paragraphs (8)(a) to (c) is the time between the day on which an application that is made under this section is served on a person under subsection (3) and

    • (a) in the case of a person named in an order of the Tax Court under subsection (4), the day on which the determination becomes final and conclusive and not subject to any appeal; or

    • (b) in the case of any other person, the day on which the person is served with notice that the person has not been named in an order of the Tax Court under subsection (4).

  • 2002, c. 22, ss. 205, 410

Records and Information

Marginal note:Keeping records — general

  •  (1) The following persons shall keep all records that are necessary to determine whether they have complied with this Act:

    • (a) every licensee or registrant;

    • (b) every person who is required under this Act to file a return;

    • (c) every person who makes an application for a refund that may be obtained under this Act; and

    • (d) every person that transports a tobacco product or cannabis product that is not stamped or non-duty-paid packaged alcohol.

  • Marginal note:Keeping records — tobacco growers and provincial tobacco marketing boards

    (2) Every tobacco grower and every body established under provincial law for the marketing of raw leaf tobacco grown in the province shall keep records that will enable the determination of the amount of raw leaf tobacco grown, received or disposed of by them.

  • Marginal note:Keeping records — cannabis licensee

    (2.01) Every cannabis licensee shall keep records that will enable the determination of the amount of cannabis product produced, received, used, packaged, re-worked, sold or disposed of by the licensee.

  • Marginal note:Keeping records — tobacco manufacturing equipment

    (2.1) Every person who possesses tobacco manufacturing equipment (other than equipment that is designed for use by an individual manufacturing manufactured tobacco or cigars for their personal use as permitted under subsection 25(3) and that is not designed for commercial manufacturing) shall keep records that will enable the determination of the source, the type and the disposition of that equipment.

  • Marginal note:Keeping records — excise stamps

    (2.2) Every person who has been issued an excise stamp shall keep all records that are necessary to determine the receipt, retention, location, use or disposition of the stamp.

  • Marginal note:Minister may specify information

    (3) The Minister may specify in writing the form a record is to take and any information that the record must contain.

  • Marginal note:Language and location of record

    (4) Unless otherwise authorized by the Minister, a record shall be kept in Canada in English or French.

  • Marginal note:Electronic records

    (5) Every person required under this Act to keep a record who does so electronically shall ensure that all equipment and software necessary to make the record intelligible are available during the retention period required for the record.

  • Marginal note:Inadequate records

    (6) If a person fails to keep adequate records for the purposes of this Act, the Minister may, in writing, require the person to keep any records that the Minister may specify and the person shall keep the records specified by the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Period for retention

    (7) Every person who is required to keep records shall retain them until the expiry of six years after the end of the year to which they relate or for any other period that may be prescribed.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 206
  • 2008, c. 28, s. 59
  • 2010, c. 12, s. 41
  • 2018, c. 12, s. 77
 
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