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Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act (S.C. 2018, c. 12, s. 186)

Act current to 2022-11-16 and last amended on 2022-10-11. Previous Versions

PART 1Fuel Charge (continued)

DIVISION 6Administration and Enforcement (continued)

SUBDIVISION LCollection (continued)

Marginal note:Person leaving Canada or defaulting

  •  (1) If the Minister suspects that a person has left or is about to leave Canada, the Minister may, before the day otherwise fixed for payment, by notice to the person served personally or sent by confirmed delivery service addressed to their latest known address, demand payment of any amount for which the person is liable under this Part or would be so liable if the time for payment had arrived, and the amount must be paid without delay despite any other provision of this Part.

  • Marginal note:Seizure

    (2) If a person fails to pay an amount required under subsection (1), the Minister may direct that things of the person be seized, and subsections 157(2) to (4) apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require.

Marginal note:Definitions

  •  (1) The following definitions apply in this section.

    assessed period

    assessed period of a person, in respect of an authorization under subsection (2) relating to a particular reporting period of the person, means

    • (a) if the hearing date is before the last day of the particular reporting period, the period beginning on the first day of the particular reporting period and ending on the assessment date; and

    • (b) in any other case, the particular reporting period. (période visée)

    assessment date

    assessment date in respect of an authorization under subsection (2) means the day immediately before the hearing date. (date de cotisation)

    hearing date

    hearing date in respect of an authorization under subsection (2) means the day on which a judge hears the application for the authorization. (date d’audience)

  • Marginal note:Authorization to assess and take collection action

    (2) Despite section 150, if, on ex parte application by the Minister relating to a particular reporting period of a person, a judge is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds to believe that the net charge for the period, determined without reference to this section, would be a positive amount and that the collection of all or any part of that net charge would be jeopardized by a delay in its collection, the judge must, on any terms that the judge considers reasonable in the circumstances, authorize the Minister to, without delay,

    • (a) assess the net charge for the assessed period, determined in accordance with subsection (3); and

    • (b) take any of the actions described in sections 152 to 157 in respect of that amount.

  • Marginal note:Effect of authorization

    (3) For the purposes of this Part, if an authorization is granted under subsection (2) in respect of an application relating to a particular reporting period of a person,

    • (a) if the hearing date is before the last day of the particular reporting period, the following periods are each deemed to be a separate reporting period of the person:

      • (i) the assessed period, and

      • (ii) the period beginning on the hearing date and ending on the last day of the particular reporting period;

    • (b) the day on or before which the person is required to file a return under section 69 for the assessed period is deemed to be the hearing date;

    • (c) the net charge for the assessed period is deemed to be equal to the amount that would be the net charge for the period if, on the assessment date, the person were to claim in a return filed under section 69 for the period all amounts, each of which is an amount that the person would be entitled on that day to claim as a rebate for the period or as a negative amount that is required to be added in determining the net charge for the period;

    • (d) the net charge for the assessed period is deemed to have become due to the Receiver General on the hearing date;

    • (e) if, in assessing the net charge for the assessed period, the Minister takes into account an amount that the person would be entitled to claim as a rebate or a negative amount that is required to be added in determining the net charge, the person is deemed to have claimed the amount in a return filed under section 69 for the assessed period; and

    • (f) subsection 73(2) and sections 97, 123, 129 and 130 apply as if the net charge for the assessed period were not required to be paid, and the return for that period were not required to be filed, until the last day of the period described in subsection (9).

  • Marginal note:Affidavits

    (4) Statements contained in an affidavit filed in the context of an application under this section may be based on belief in which case it must include the grounds for that belief.

  • Marginal note:Service of authorization and notice of assessment

    (5) An authorization granted under subsection (2) in respect of a person must be served by the Minister on the person within 72 hours after it is granted, except if the judge orders the authorization to be served at some other time specified in the authorization, and a notice of assessment for the assessed period must be served on the person together with the authorization.

  • Marginal note:How service effected

    (6) For the purpose of subsection (5), service on a person must be effected by personal service on the person or service in accordance with the directions of a judge.

  • Marginal note:Application to judge for direction

    (7) If service cannot reasonably be effected as and when required under this section, the Minister may, as soon as practicable, apply to a judge for further direction.

  • Marginal note:Review of authorization

    (8) If a judge of a court has granted an authorization under subsection (2) in respect of a person, the person may, on six clear days notice to the Deputy Attorney General of Canada, apply to a judge of the court to review the authorization.

  • Marginal note:Limitation period for review application

    (9) An application by a person under subsection (8) to review an authorization must be made

    • (a) within 30 days after the day on which the authorization was served on the person in accordance with this section; or

    • (b) within any further time that a judge may allow, on being satisfied that the application was made as soon as practicable.

  • Marginal note:Hearing in camera

    (10) An application by a person under subsection (8) may, on the application of the person, be heard in private, if the person establishes to the satisfaction of the judge that the circumstances of the case justify proceedings heard in private.

  • Marginal note:Disposition of application

    (11) On an application under subsection (8), the judge must determine the question summarily and may confirm, vary or set aside the authorization and make any other order that the judge considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Effect of setting aside authorization

    (12) If an authorization is set aside under subsection (11), subsection (3) does not apply in respect of the authorization and any assessment made as a result of the authorization is deemed to be void.

  • Marginal note:Directions

    (13) If any question arises as to the course to be followed in connection with anything done or being done under this section and there is no relevant direction in this section, a judge may give any direction with regard to the course to be followed that, in the opinion of the judge, is appropriate.

  • Marginal note:No appeal from review order

    (14) No appeal lies from an order of a judge made under subsection (11).

Marginal note:Compliance by unincorporated bodies

  •  (1) If any amount is required to be paid or any other thing is required to be done by or under this Part by a person (in this section referred to as the “body”) that is not an individual, partnership, corporation, trust, joint venture, or estate or succession of a deceased individual, it is the joint and several, or solidary, liability and responsibility of

    • (a) every member of the body holding office as president, chairperson, treasurer, secretary or similar officer of the body,

    • (b) if there are no officers of the body referred to in paragraph (a), every member of any committee having management of the affairs of the body, and

    • (c) if there are no officers of the body referred to in paragraph (a) and no committee referred to in paragraph (b), every member of the body,

    to pay that amount or to comply with the requirement, and if the amount is paid or the requirement is fulfilled by an officer of the body referred to in paragraph (a), a member of a committee referred to in paragraph (b) or a member of the body, it is considered as compliance with the requirement.

  • Marginal note:Assessment

    (2) The Minister may assess any person for any amount for which the person is liable under this section and, if the Minister sends a notice of assessment, sections 87 and 108 to 122 are applicable, with any modifications that the circumstances require.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (3) An assessment of a person under subsection (2) must not

    • (a) include any amount that the body was liable to pay before the day the person became jointly and severally, or solidarily, liable;

    • (b) include any amount that the body became liable to pay after the day the person ceased to be jointly and severally, or solidarily, liable; or

    • (c) be made more than two years after the day on which the person ceased to be jointly and severally, or solidarily, liable unless the person was grossly negligent in the carrying out of any obligation imposed on the body by or under this Part or made, or participated in, assented to or acquiesced in the making of, a false statement or omission in a return, application, form, certificate, statement, invoice or answer made by the body.

Marginal note:Charge liability — transfers not at arm’s length

  •  (1) If at any time a person transfers property, either directly or indirectly, by means of a trust or by any other means, to

    • (a) the transferor’s spouse or common-law partner or an individual that has since become the transferor’s spouse or common-law partner,

    • (b) an individual that was under 18 years of age, or

    • (c) another person with whom the transferor was not dealing at arm’s length,

    the transferee and transferor are jointly and severally, or solidarily, liable to pay under this Part an amount equal to the lesser of

    • (d) the amount determined by the formula

      A – B

      where

      A
      is the amount, if any, by which the fair market value of the property at that time exceeds the fair market value at that time of the consideration given by the transferee for the transfer of the property, and
      B
      is the amount, if any, by which the amount assessed the transferee under subsection 325(2) of the Excise Tax Act, paragraph 97.44(1)(b) of the Customs Act, subsection 160(2) of the Income Tax Act, subsection 297(3) of the Excise Act, 2001, subsection 80(3) of the Underused Housing Tax Act or subsection 150(4) of the Select Luxury Items Tax Act in respect of the property exceeds the amount paid by the transferor in respect of the amount so assessed, and
    • (e) the total of all amounts each of which is

      • (i) an amount that the transferor is liable to pay under this Part for the reporting period of the transferor that includes that time or any preceding reporting period of the transferor, or

      • (ii) interest or penalty for which the transferor is liable as of that time,

    but nothing in this subsection limits the liability of the transferor under this Part.

  • Marginal note:Fair market value of undivided interest

    (2) For the purpose of this section, the fair market value at any time of an undivided interest in a property, expressed as a proportionate interest in that property, is, subject to subsection (5), deemed to be equal to the same proportion of the fair market value of that property at that time.

  • Marginal note:Assessment

    (3) The Minister may at any time assess a transferee in respect of any amount payable by reason of this section, and the provisions of sections 87 and 108 to 122 apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require.

  • Marginal note:Rules applicable

    (4) If a transferor and transferee have, by reason of subsection (1), become jointly and severally, or solidarily, liable in respect of part or all of the liability of the transferor under this Part, the following rules apply:

    • (a) a payment by the transferee on account of the transferee’s liability must, to the extent of the payment, discharge their liability; and

    • (b) a payment by the transferor on account of the transferor’s liability only discharges the transferee’s liability to the extent that the payment operates to reduce the transferor’s liability to an amount less than the amount in respect of which the transferee was, by subsection (1), made jointly and severally, or solidarily, liable.

  • Marginal note:Transfers to spouse or common-law partner

    (5) Despite subsection (1), if at any time an individual transfers property to the individual’s spouse or common-law partner under a decree, order or judgment of a competent tribunal or under a written separation agreement and, at that time, the individual and the individual’s spouse or common-law partner were separated and living apart as a result of the breakdown of their marriage or common-law partnership as defined in subsection 248(1) of the Income Tax Act, for the purposes of paragraph (1)(d), the fair market value at that time of the property so transferred is deemed to be nil, but nothing in this subsection limits the liability of the individual under this Part.

SUBDIVISION MEvidence and Procedure

Marginal note:Service

  •  (1) If the Minister is authorized or required to serve, issue or send a notice or other document on or to a person that

    • (a) is a partnership, the notice or document may be addressed to the name of the partnership;

    • (b) is a joint venture, the notice or document may be addressed to the name of the joint venture;

    • (c) is a union, the notice or document may be addressed to the name of the union;

    • (d) is a society, club, association, organization or other body, the notice or document may be addressed to the name of the body; and

    • (e) carries on business under a name or style other than the name of the person, the notice or document may be addressed to the name or style under which the person carries on business.

  • Marginal note:Personal service

    (2) If the Minister is authorized or required to serve, issue or send a notice or other document on or to a person that carries on a business, the notice or document is deemed to have been validly served, issued or sent if it is

    • (a) if the person is a partnership, served personally on one of the partners or left with an adult person employed at the place of business of the partnership;

    • (b) if the person is a joint venture, served personally on one of the participants in, or operators of, the joint venture or left with an adult person employed at the place of business of the joint venture; or

    • (c) left with an adult person employed at the place of business of the person.

Marginal note:Timing of receipt

  •  (1) For the purposes of this Part and subject to subsection (2), anything sent by confirmed delivery service or first class mail is deemed to have been received by the person to which it was sent on the day it was mailed or sent.

  • Marginal note:Timing of payment

    (2) A person that is required under this Part to pay an amount is deemed not to have paid it until it is received by the Receiver General.

 
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