PART IIIStandard Hours, Wages, Vacations and Holidays (continued)
DIVISION IHours of Work (continued)
Marginal note:Overtime pay or time off
(2) An employee is entitled to time off for overtime worked only if,
(a) at their request, they and the employer enter into an agreement in writing providing for the taking of time off, subject to paragraph (b) and subsections (3) to (5), on a date or dates agreed on by them and the employer; and
(b) the time off is taken within a period of three months after the end of the pay period in which the overtime was worked, or within any longer period set out in
Marginal note:Maximum period
(3) The longer period referred to in paragraph (2)(b) shall not be more than 12 months for an employee who is not subject to a collective agreement.
Marginal note:Time off not taken within specified period
(4) If the employee does not take all or part of the time off within the applicable period referred to in paragraph (2)(b), the employer shall, within 30 days after the day on which that period ends, pay the employee’s wages for the overtime for which the time off was not taken, at a rate of wages not less than one and one-half times the employee’s regular rate of wages on the day on which they worked the overtime.
Marginal note:Termination of employment
(5) If an employee ceases to be employed before the employee takes all or part of the time off referred to in paragraph (1)(b), the employer shall, within 30 days after the day on which the employee ceases to be employed, pay the employee’s wages for the overtime for which the time off was not taken, at a rate of wages not less than one and one-half times the employee’s regular rate of wages on the day on which the employee worked the overtime.
Marginal note:Application of section 189
(6) Section 189 applies for the purposes of this section.
- R.S., 1985, c. L-2, s. 174
- 2017, c. 33, s. 197
Marginal note:Right to refuse
174.1 (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), an employee may refuse to work the overtime requested by the employer in order to carry out the employee’s family responsibilities referred to in paragraph 206.6(1)(b) or (c).
Marginal note:Reasonable steps
(2) An employee may refuse to work overtime only if
(3) An employee is not to refuse to work overtime if it is necessary for them to work overtime to deal with a situation that the employer could not have reasonably foreseen and that presents or could reasonably be expected to present an imminent or serious
(4) An employer shall not dismiss, suspend, lay off, demote or discipline an employee because the employee has refused to work overtime under subsection (1) or take such a refusal into account in any decision to promote or train the employee.
- 2017, c. 33, s. 197
- 2018, c. 27, s. 511
Marginal note:Regulations for the purpose of this Division
(a) modifying any provision of this Division for the purpose of the application of this Division to classes of employees who are employed in or in connection with the operation of any industrial establishment if, in the opinion of the Governor in Council, the application of those sections without modification
(b) exempting any class of employees from the application of any provision of this Division if the Governor in Council is satisfied that it cannot reasonably be applied to that class of employees;
(b.1) respecting rest periods under section 169.2, including defining the terms “shift” and “work period” for the purposes of that section;
(c) providing that section 174 does not apply in circumstances where work practices specified in the regulations are followed that in the opinion of the Governor in Council make the application of that section either unreasonable or inequitable; and
(d) providing for the calculation of hours worked by employees of any class who are employed in any industrial establishment or in any class of industrial establishment.
(2) [Repealed, 2017, c. 33, s. 198]
- R.S., 1985, c. L-2, s. 175
- 2017, c. 33, s. 198
- 2018, c. 27, s. 446
Marginal note:Excess hours under permit
176 (1) On the application of an employer or an employer’s organization, the Head, having regard to the conditions of employment in any industrial establishment and the welfare of the employees, may, by a permit in writing, authorize hours to be worked by any class of employees set out in the permit in excess of the maximum hours of work specified in or prescribed under section 171, established under section 172 or prescribed by regulations made under section 175.
Marginal note:Justifying permit
(2) No permit may be issued under subsection (1) unless the applicant has satisfied the Head
(a) that exceptional circumstances exist that justify the working of additional hours;
(b) that the employer had posted a notice of the application for the permit, for at least 30 days before its proposed effective date, in places readily accessible to the affected class of employees where they were likely to see it; and
(c) that the employer had informed the trade union in writing of the application for the permit, if those employees are represented by a trade union.
Marginal note:Duration of permit
(3) A permit under subsection (1) shall be issued for the period specified therein, which shall not be longer than the period during which it is anticipated that the exceptional circumstances that justified the permit will continue.
Marginal note:Additional hours may be specified
(4) A permit under subsection (1) may specify either
(5) If a permit has been issued under this section, the employer for whom or on whose behalf the permit was issued shall report in writing to the Head, within 15 days after the expiration of the period specified in the permit or within such time as the Head may fix in the permit, stating the number of employees who worked in excess of the maximum hours specified in or prescribed under section 171 or by regulations made under section 175 and the number of additional hours each of them worked.
- R.S., 1985, c. L-2, s. 176
- 1993, c. 42, s. 17
- 2018, c. 27, s. 571
Marginal note:Emergency work
177 (1) The maximum hours of work in a week specified in or prescribed under section 171, established pursuant to section 172 or prescribed by regulations made under section 175 may be exceeded, but only to the extent necessary to prevent serious interference with the ordinary working of the industrial establishment affected, in cases of
Marginal note:Reporting additional work
(2) Where the maximum hours of work in an industrial establishment have been exceeded under the authority of subsection (1), the employer shall report in writing to the Head, and also to the trade union if the affected employees are subject to a collective agreement, within 15 days after the end of the month in which the maximum was exceeded, stating the nature of the circumstances in which the maximum was exceeded, the number of employees who worked in excess of the maximum and the number of additional hours each of them worked.
- R.S., 1985, c. L-2, s. 177
- 1993, c. 42, s. 18
- 2018, c. 27, s. 572
- Date modified: