Canada Labour Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. L-2)

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Act current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2019-04-01. Previous Versions

PART IIIStandard Hours, Wages, Vacations and Holidays (continued)

DIVISION XIII.1Work-related Illness and Injury

Marginal note:Prohibition

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (4) and to the regulations made under this Division, no employer shall dismiss, suspend, lay off, demote or discipline an employee because of absence from work due to work-related illness or injury.

  • Marginal note:Employer’s obligation

    (2) Every employer shall subscribe to a plan that provides an employee who is absent from work due to work-related illness or injury with wage replacement, payable at an equivalent rate to that provided for under the applicable workers’ compensation legislation in the employee’s province of permanent residence.

  • Marginal note:Return to work

    (3) Subject to the regulations, the employer shall, where reasonably practicable, return an employee to work after the employee’s absence due to work-related illness or injury.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (4) An employer may assign to a different position, with different terms and conditions of employment, any employee who, after an absence due to work-related illness or injury, is unable to perform the work performed by the employee prior to the absence.

  • Marginal note:Benefits continue

    (5) The pension, health and disability benefits and the seniority of an employee who is absent from work due to work-related illness or injury shall accumulate during the entire period of the absence.

  • Marginal note:Contributions by employee

    (6) Where contributions are required from an employee in order for the employee to be entitled to a benefit referred to in subsection (5), the employee is responsible for and must, within a reasonable time, pay those contributions for the period of any absence due to work-related illness or injury unless, at the beginning of the absence or within a reasonable time thereafter, the employee notifies the employer of the employee’s intention to discontinue contributions during that period.

  • Marginal note:Contributions by employer

    (7) An employer who pays contributions in respect of a benefit referred to in subsection (5) shall continue to pay those contributions during an employee’s absence due to work-related illness or injury in at least the same proportion as if the employee were not absent, unless the employee does not pay the employee’s contributions, if any, within a reasonable time.

  • Marginal note:Failure to pay contributions

    (8) For the purposes of calculating the pension, health and disability benefits of an employee in respect of whom contributions have not been paid as required by subsections (6) and (7), the benefits shall not accumulate during the absence, and employment on the employee’s return to work shall be deemed to be continuous with employment before the employee’s absence.

  • Marginal note:Deemed continuous employment

    (9) For the purposes of calculating benefits, other than benefits referred to in subsection (5), of an employee who is absent from work due to work-related illness or injury, employment on the employee’s return to work shall be deemed to be continuous with employment before the employee’s absence.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (10) The Governor in Council may make regulations for carrying out the purposes of this Division and, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, may make regulations

    • (a) for determining the duration of the employer’s obligation under subsection (3);

    • (b) providing terms and conditions applicable to the employer under subsections (1) and (3) in the event of any termination of employment, lay-off or discontinuance of a function in an industrial establishment; and

    • (c) providing for any other terms and conditions respecting the application of subsection (3).

  • Marginal note:Application of section 189

    (11) Section 189 applies for the purposes of this Division.

  • 1993, c. 42, s. 33
  • 2001, c. 34, s. 23(F)

DIVISION XIII.2Long-term Disability Plans

Marginal note:Employer’s obligation

  •  (1) Every employer that provides benefits to its employees under a long-term disability plan must insure the plan with an entity that is licensed to provide insurance under the laws of a province.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) However, an employer may provide those benefits under a long-term disability plan that is not insured, in the circumstances and subject to the conditions provided for in the regulations.

  • 2012, c. 19, s. 434

Marginal note:Regulations

 The Governor in Council may make regulations respecting long-term disability plans, including regulations

  • (a) specifying what constitutes a long-term disability plan; and

  • (b) specifying the circumstances and conditions referred to in subsection 239.2(2).

  • 2012, c. 19, s. 434

DIVISION XIVUnjust Dismissal

Marginal note:Complaint to inspector for unjust dismissal

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and 242(3.1), any person

    • (a) who has completed twelve consecutive months of continuous employment by an employer, and

    • (b) who is not a member of a group of employees subject to a collective agreement,

    may make a complaint in writing to an inspector if the employee has been dismissed and considers the dismissal to be unjust.

  • Marginal note:Time for making complaint

    (2) Subject to subsection (3), a complaint under subsection (1) shall be made within ninety days from the date on which the person making the complaint was dismissed.

  • Marginal note:Extension of time

    (3) The Minister may extend the period of time referred to in subsection (2) where the Minister is satisfied that a complaint was made in that period to a government official who had no authority to deal with the complaint but that the person making the complaint believed the official had that authority.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-2, s. 240
  • R.S., 1985, c. 9 (1st Supp.), s. 15

Marginal note:Reasons for dismissal

  •  (1) Where an employer dismisses a person described in subsection 240(1), the person who was dismissed or any inspector may make a request in writing to the employer to provide a written statement giving the reasons for the dismissal, and any employer who receives such a request shall provide the person who made the request with such a statement within fifteen days after the request is made.

  • Marginal note:Inspector to assist parties

    (2) On receipt of a complaint made under subsection 240(1), an inspector shall endeavour to assist the parties to the complaint to settle the complaint or cause another inspector to do so.

  • Marginal note:Where complaint not settled within reasonable time

    (3) Where a complaint is not settled under subsection (2) within such period as the inspector endeavouring to assist the parties pursuant to that subsection considers to be reasonable in the circumstances, the inspector shall, on the written request of the person who made the complaint that the complaint be referred to an adjudicator under subsection 242(1),

    • (a) report to the Minister that the endeavour to assist the parties to settle the complaint has not succeeded; and

    • (b) deliver to the Minister the complaint made under subsection 240(1), any written statement giving the reasons for the dismissal provided pursuant to subsection (1) and any other statements or documents the inspector has that relate to the complaint.

  • 1977-78, c. 27, s. 21

Marginal note:Reference to adjudicator

  •  (1) The Minister may, on receipt of a report pursuant to subsection 241(3), appoint any person that the Minister considers appropriate as an adjudicator to hear and adjudicate on the complaint in respect of which the report was made, and refer the complaint to the adjudicator along with any statement provided pursuant to subsection 241(1).

  • Marginal note:Powers of adjudicator

    (2) An adjudicator to whom a complaint has been referred under subsection (1)

    • (a) shall consider the complaint within such time as the Governor in Council may by regulation prescribe;

    • (b) shall determine the procedure to be followed, but shall give full opportunity to the parties to the complaint to present evidence and make submissions to the adjudicator and shall consider the information relating to the complaint; and

    • (c) has, in relation to any complaint before the adjudicator, the powers conferred on the Canada Industrial Relations Board, in relation to any proceeding before the Board, under paragraphs 16(a), (b) and (c).

  • Marginal note:Decision of adjudicator

    (3) Subject to subsection (3.1), an adjudicator to whom a complaint has been referred under subsection (1) shall

    • (a) consider whether the dismissal of the person who made the complaint was unjust and render a decision thereon; and

    • (b) send a copy of the decision with the reasons therefor to each party to the complaint and to the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Limitation on complaints

    (3.1) No complaint shall be considered by an adjudicator under subsection (3) in respect of a person where

    • (a) that person has been laid off because of lack of work or because of the discontinuance of a function; or

    • (b) a procedure for redress has been provided elsewhere in or under this or any other Act of Parliament.

  • Marginal note:Where unjust dismissal

    (4) Where an adjudicator decides pursuant to subsection (3) that a person has been unjustly dismissed, the adjudicator may, by order, require the employer who dismissed the person to

    • (a) pay the person compensation not exceeding the amount of money that is equivalent to the remuneration that would, but for the dismissal, have been paid by the employer to the person;

    • (b) reinstate the person in his employ; and

    • (c) do any other like thing that it is equitable to require the employer to do in order to remedy or counteract any consequence of the dismissal.

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-2, s. 242
  • R.S., 1985, c. 9 (1st Supp.), s. 16
  • 1998, c. 26, s. 58
 
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