Administration and Enforcement (continued)
Offences and Punishment (continued)
Marginal note:Information or complaint
76 (1) An information or complaint under this Act may be laid or made by any employee of the Agency, by a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police or by any person authorized to do so by the Minister and, if an information or complaint purports to have been laid or made under this Act, it is deemed to have been laid or made by a person so authorized by the Minister and shall not be called in question for lack of authority of the informant or complainant, except by the Minister or a person acting for the Minister or for Her Majesty in right of Canada.
Marginal note:Two or more offences
(2) An information or complaint in respect of an offence under this Act may be for one or more offences, and no information, complaint, warrant, conviction or other proceeding in a prosecution under this Act is objectionable or insufficient by reason of the fact that it relates to two or more offences.
Marginal note:Territorial jurisdiction
(3) An information or complaint in respect of an offence under this Act may be heard, tried or determined by any court, if the accused is resident, carrying on business, found or apprehended or is in custody within the court’s territorial jurisdiction even if the matter of the information or complaint did not arise within that territorial jurisdiction.
Marginal note:Limitation of prosecutions
(4) An information or complaint under the provisions of the Criminal Code relating to summary convictions, in respect of an offence under this Act, may be laid or made within two years after the day on which the matter of the information or complaint arose.
Marginal note:By whom
77 (1) A person authorized by the Minister to do so may, at all reasonable times, for any purpose related to the administration or enforcement of this Act, inspect, audit or examine the records, processes, property or premises of a person in order to determine whether that or any other person is in compliance with this Act.
Marginal note:Powers of authorized person
(2) For the purposes of an inspection, audit or examination, the authorized person may
(a) enter any place in which the authorized person reasonably believes the person keeps records or carries on any activity to which this Act applies; and
(b) require any individual to be present during the inspection, audit or examination and require that individual to answer all proper questions and to give to the authorized person all reasonable assistance.
Marginal note:Prior authorization
(3) If any place referred to in paragraph (2)(a) is a dwelling-house, the authorized person may not enter that dwelling-house without the consent of the occupant, except under the authority of a warrant issued under subsection (4).
Marginal note:Warrant to enter dwelling-house
(4) A judge may issue a warrant authorizing a person to enter a dwelling-house subject to the conditions specified in the warrant if, on ex parte application by the Minister, a judge is satisfied by information on oath that
(a) there are reasonable grounds to believe that the dwelling-house is a place referred to in paragraph (2)(a);
(b) entry into the dwelling-house is necessary for any purpose related to the administration or enforcement of this Act; and
(c) entry into the dwelling-house has been, or there are reasonable grounds to believe that entry will be, refused.
Marginal note:Orders if entry not authorized
(5) If the judge is not satisfied that entry into the dwelling-house is necessary for any purpose related to the administration or enforcement of this Act, the judge may, to the extent that access was or may be expected to be refused and that a record or property is or may be expected to be kept in the dwelling-house,
Definition of dwelling-house
(6) In this section, dwelling-house means the whole or any part of a building or structure that is kept or occupied as a permanent or temporary residence, and includes
Marginal note:Compliance order
78 (1) On application by the Minister, a judge may, despite section 74, order a person to provide any access, assistance, information or record sought by the Minister under section 49 or 77 if the judge is satisfied that
Marginal note:Notice required
(2) An application under subsection (1) must not be heard before the end of five clear days after the day on which the notice of application is served on the person against whom the order is sought.
Marginal note:Judge may impose conditions
(3) The judge making an order under subsection (1) may impose any conditions in respect of the order that the judge considers appropriate.
Marginal note:Contempt of court
(4) If a person fails or refuses to comply with an order, a judge may find the person in contempt of court and the person is subject to the processes and the punishments of the court to which the judge is appointed.
(5) An order by a judge under subsection (1) may be appealed to a court having appellate jurisdiction over decisions of the court to which the judge is appointed. An appeal does not suspend the execution of the order unless it is so ordered by a judge of the court to which the appeal is made.
79 If any record is seized, inspected, audited, examined or provided under any of sections 49, 77, 78 and 83, the person by whom it is seized, inspected, audited or examined or to whom it is provided or any officer of the Agency may make or cause to be made one or more copies of it and, in the case of an electronic document, make or cause to be made a print-out of the electronic document. Any document purporting to be certified by the Minister or an authorized person to be a copy of the record, or to be a print-out of an electronic document, made under this section is evidence of the nature and content of the original record and has the same probative force as the original record would have if it were proven in the ordinary way.
(2) Every person shall, unless the person is unable to do so, do everything the person is required to do by or pursuant to any of sections 49, 77 to 79 and 83.
Definition of foreign-based information or record
81 (1) For the purposes of this section, foreign-based information or record means any information or record that is available or located outside Canada and that may be relevant to the administration or enforcement of this Act, including the collection of any amount payable under this Act by any person.
Marginal note:Requirement to provide foreign-based information
(2) Despite any other provision of this Act, the Minister may, by notice served personally or sent by registered or certified mail, require a person resident in Canada or a non-resident person who carries on business in Canada to provide any foreign-based information or record.
Marginal note:Content of notice
(3) A notice referred to in subsection (2) shall set out
(a) a reasonable period of not less than 90 days for the provision of the information or record;
(b) a description of the information or record being sought; and
(c) the consequences under subsection (8) to the person of the failure to provide the information or record being sought within the period set out in the notice.
Marginal note:Review by judge
(4) The person on whom a notice of a requirement is served or to whom a notice of requirement is sent under subsection (2) may, within 90 days after the service or sending of the notice, apply to a judge for a review of the requirement.
Marginal note:Powers on review
(5) On hearing an application under subsection (4) in respect of a requirement, a judge may
(6) For the purposes of subsection (5), a requirement to provide information or a record shall not be considered to be unreasonable because the information or record is under the control of or available to a non-resident person that is not controlled by the person on whom the notice of the requirement is served or to whom the notice of requirement is sent under subsection (2) if that person is related to the non-resident person.
Marginal note:Time during consideration not to count
(7) The period between the day on which an application for the review of a requirement is made under subsection (4) and the day on which the review is decided shall not be counted in the computation of
Marginal note:Consequence of failure
(8) If a person fails to comply substantially with a notice served or sent under subsection (2) and if the notice is not set aside under subsection (5), any court having jurisdiction in a civil proceeding relating to the administration or enforcement of this Act shall, on motion of the Minister, prohibit the introduction by that person of any foreign-based information or record covered by that notice.
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