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Softwood Lumber Products Export Charge Act, 2006 (S.C. 2006, c. 13)

Act current to 2023-01-11 and last amended on 2016-06-17. Previous Versions

General Provisions Concerning Charges and Other Amounts Payable (continued)

Appeal (continued)

Marginal note:Appeal to Tax Court of Canada

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a person who has filed a notice of objection to an assessment may appeal to the Tax Court of Canada to have the assessment vacated or a reassessment made after

    • (a) the Minister has confirmed the assessment or has reassessed; or

    • (b) 180 days have elapsed after the filing of the notice of objection and the Minister has not notified the person that the Minister has vacated or confirmed the assessment or has reassessed.

  • Marginal note:No appeal

    (2) No appeal under subsection (1) may be instituted after the expiry of 90 days after notice that the Minister has reassessed or confirmed the assessment is sent to the person under subsection 54(10).

  • Marginal note:Amendment of appeal

    (3) The Tax Court of Canada may, on any terms that it sees fit, authorize a person who has instituted an appeal in respect of a matter to amend the appeal to include any further assessment in respect of the matter that the person is entitled under this section to appeal.

Marginal note:Extension of time to appeal

  •  (1) If no appeal to the Tax Court of Canada under section 57 has been instituted within the time limited by that section for doing so, a person may make an application to the Tax Court of Canada for an order extending the time within which an appeal may be instituted, and the Court may make an order extending the time for appealing and may impose any terms that it considers just.

  • Marginal note:Contents of application

    (2) An application must set out the reasons why the appeal was not instituted within the time limited under section 57 for doing so.

  • Marginal note:How application made

    (3) An application must be filed in the Registry of the Tax Court of Canada, in accordance with the rules of the Court made under the Tax Court of Canada Act.

  • Marginal note:Copy to Deputy Attorney General of Canada

    (4) The Tax Court of Canada must send a copy of the application to the office of the Deputy Attorney General of Canada.

  • Marginal note:When order to be made

    (5) No order shall be made under this section unless

    • (a) the application was made within one year after the expiry of the time limited under section 57 for appealing; and

    • (b) the person demonstrates that

      • (i) within the time limited under section 57 for appealing, the person

        • (A) was unable to act or to give a mandate to act in their name, or

        • (B) had a bona fide intention to appeal,

      • (ii) given the reasons set out in the application and the circumstances of the case, it would be just and equitable to grant the application,

      • (iii) the application was made as soon as circumstances permitted it to be made, and

      • (iv) there are reasonable grounds for the appeal.

Marginal note:Limitation on appeals to the Tax Court of Canada

  •  (1) Despite section 57, if a person has filed a notice of objection to an assessment, the person may appeal to the Tax Court of Canada to have the assessment vacated, or a reassessment made, only with respect to

    • (a) an issue in respect of which the person has complied with subsection 54(2) in the notice and the relief sought in respect of the issue as specified by the person in the notice; or

    • (b) an issue described in subsection 54(5) if the person was not required to file a notice of objection to the assessment that gave rise to the issue.

  • Marginal note:No appeal if waiver

    (2) Despite section 57, a person may not appeal to the Tax Court of Canada to have an assessment vacated or varied in respect of an issue for which the right of objection or appeal has been waived in writing by the person.

Marginal note:Institution of appeals

 An appeal to the Tax Court of Canada under this Act shall be instituted in accordance with the Tax Court of Canada Act.

Marginal note:Disposition of appeal

 The Tax Court of Canada may dispose of an appeal from an assessment by

  • (a) dismissing it; or

  • (b) allowing it and

    • (i) vacating the assessment, or

    • (ii) referring the assessment back to the Minister for reconsideration and reassessment.

Marginal note:References to Tax Court of Canada

  •  (1) If the Minister and another person agree in writing that a question arising under this Act, in respect of any assessment or proposed assessment of the person, should be determined by the Tax Court of Canada, that question shall be determined by that Court.

  • Marginal note:Time during consideration not to count

    (2) For the purposes of making an assessment, filing a notice of objection to an assessment or instituting an appeal from an assessment, the time between the day on which proceedings are instituted in the Tax Court of Canada to have a question determined and the day on which the question is finally determined shall not be counted in the computation of

    • (a) the four-year period referred to in subsection 53(1);

    • (b) the period within which a notice of objection to an assessment may be filed under subsection 54(1); or

    • (c) the period within which an appeal may be instituted under subsection 57(2).

Marginal note:Reference of common questions to Tax Court of Canada

  •  (1) If the Minister is of the opinion that a question arising out of one and the same transaction or occurrence or series of transactions or occurrences is common to assessments or proposed assessments in respect of two or more persons, the Minister may apply to the Tax Court of Canada for a determination of the question.

  • Marginal note:Contents of application

    (2) An application shall set out

    • (a) the question in respect of which the Minister requests a determination;

    • (b) the names of the persons that the Minister seeks to have bound by the determination; and

    • (c) the facts and reasons on which the Minister relies and on which the Minister based or intends to base assessments of each person named in the application.

  • Marginal note:Service

    (3) A copy of the application shall be served by the Minister on each of the persons named in it and on any other person who, in the opinion of the Tax Court of Canada, is likely to be affected by the determination of the question.

  • Marginal note:Determination by Tax Court of Canada of question

    (4) If the Tax Court of Canada is satisfied that a determination of a question set out in an application will affect assessments or proposed assessments in respect of two or more persons who have been served with a copy of the application and who are named in an order of the Tax Court of Canada under this subsection, it may

    • (a) if none of the persons so named has appealed from such an assessment, proceed to determine the question in any manner that it considers appropriate; or

    • (b) if one or more of the persons so named has or have appealed, make any order that it considers appropriate joining a party or parties to that appeal or those appeals and proceed to determine the question.

  • Marginal note:Determination final and conclusive

    (5) Subject to subsection (6), if a question set out in an application is determined by the Tax Court of Canada, the determination is final and conclusive for the purposes of any assessments of persons named by the Court under subsection (4).

  • Marginal note:Appeal

    (6) If a question set out in an application is determined by the Tax Court of Canada, the Minister or any person who has been served with a copy of the application and who is named in an order of the Court under subsection (4) may appeal from the determination, in accordance with the provisions of this Act, the Tax Court of Canada Act or the Federal Courts Act, as those provisions relate to appeals from the Tax Court of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Parties to appeal

    (7) The parties who are bound by a determination are parties to any appeal from the determination.

  • Marginal note:Time during consideration not counted

    (8) For the purpose of making an assessment of a person, filing a notice of objection to an assessment or instituting an appeal from an assessment, the periods described in subsection (9) shall not be counted in the computation of

    • (a) the four-year period referred to in subsection 53(1);

    • (b) the period within which a notice of objection to an assessment may be filed under subsection 54(1); or

    • (c) the period within which an appeal may be instituted under subsection 57(2).

  • Marginal note:Excluded periods

    (9) The period that is not to be counted in the computation of the periods described in paragraphs (8)(a) to (c) is the time between the day on which an application that is made under this section is served on a person under subsection (3) and

    • (a) in the case of a person named in an order of the Tax Court of Canada under subsection (4), the day on which the determination becomes final and conclusive and not subject to any appeal; or

    • (b) in the case of any other person, the day on which the person is served with a notice that the person has not been named in an order of the Tax Court of Canada under subsection (4).

Administration and Enforcement

Penalties

Marginal note:Failure to file a return when required

 Every person who fails to file a return as and when required under section 26 shall pay a penalty equal to the total of

  • (a) an amount equal to 1% of the amount of charges unpaid at the expiry of the time for filing the return, and

  • (b) the amount obtained when one quarter of the amount determined under paragraph (a) is multiplied by the number of complete months, not exceeding 12, from the day on which the return was required to be filed to the day on which the return is filed.

Marginal note:Failure to answer demand

 Every person who fails to file a return as and when required under a demand issued under section 33 is liable to a penalty of $250.

Marginal note:Failure to provide information

 Every person who fails to provide any information or record as and when required under this Act is liable to a penalty of $100 for every failure unless, in the case of information required in respect of another person, a reasonable effort was made by the person to obtain the information.

Marginal note:False statements or omissions

 Every person who knowingly, or under circumstances amounting to gross negligence or, in the Province of Quebec, gross fault, makes or participates in, assents to or acquiesces in the making of a false statement or omission in a return, application, form, certificate, statement, invoice or answer (each of which is in this section referred to as a “return”) is liable to a penalty of the greater of $250 and 25% of the total of

  • (a) if the false statement or omission is relevant to the determination of an amount payable under this Act by the person, the amount, if any, by which

    • (i) the amount payable

    exceeds

    • (ii) the amount that would be payable by the person if the amount payable were determined on the basis of the information provided in the return, and

  • (b) if the false statement or omission is relevant to the determination of a refund or any other payment that may be obtained under this Act, the amount, if any, by which

    • (i) the amount that would be the refund or other payment payable to the person if the refund or other payment were determined on the basis of the information provided in the return

    exceeds

    • (ii) the amount of the refund or other payment payable to the person.

Offences and Punishment

Marginal note:Offence for failure to file return or to comply with demand or order

  •  (1) Every person who fails to file or make a return as and when required under this Act or who fails to comply with an obligation under subsection 48(5) or (8) or section 49 or an order made under section 74 is guilty of an offence and, in addition to any penalty otherwise provided, is liable on summary conviction to a fine of not less than $1,000 and not more than $25,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months, or to both.

  • Marginal note:Saving

    (2) A person who is convicted of an offence under subsection (1) for a failure to comply with a provision of this Act is not liable to pay a penalty imposed under section 65 or 66 for the same failure, unless a notice of assessment for the penalty was issued before the information or complaint giving rise to the conviction was laid or made.

Marginal note:Offences for false or deceptive statement

  •  (1) Every person commits an offence who

    • (a) makes, or participates in, assents to or acquiesces in the making of, a false or deceptive statement in a return, application, certificate, record or answer filed or made as required under this Act;

    • (b) for the purposes of evading payment of any amount payable under this Act, or obtaining a refund to which the person is not entitled under this Act,

      • (i) destroys, alters, mutilates, conceals or otherwise disposes of any records of a person, or

      • (ii) makes, or assents to or acquiesces in the making of, a false or deceptive entry, or omits, or assents to or acquiesces in the omission, to enter a material particular in the records of a person;

    • (c) wilfully, in any manner, evades or attempts to evade compliance with this Act or payment of an amount payable under this Act;

    • (d) wilfully, in any manner, obtains or attempts to obtain a refund to which the person is not entitled under this Act; or

    • (e) conspires with any person to commit an offence described in any of paragraphs (a) to (d).

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (2) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and, in addition to any penalty otherwise provided, is liable to

    • (a) a fine of not less than 50%, and not more than 200%, of the amount payable that was sought to be evaded, or of the refund sought, or, if the amount that was sought to be evaded cannot be ascertained, a fine of not less than $1,000 and not more than $25,000;

    • (b) imprisonment for a term not exceeding 18 months; or

    • (c) both a fine referred to in paragraph (a) and imprisonment for a term not exceeding 18 months.

  • Marginal note:Penalty on conviction

    (3) A person who is convicted of an offence under subsection (1) is not liable to pay a penalty imposed under any of sections 64 to 67 for the same evasion or attempt unless a notice of assessment for that penalty was issued before the information or complaint giving rise to the conviction was laid or made.

  • Marginal note:Stay of appeal

    (4) If, in any appeal under this Act, substantially the same facts are at issue as those that are at issue in a prosecution under this section, the Minister may file a stay of proceedings with the Tax Court of Canada and, on doing so, the proceedings before the Tax Court of Canada are stayed pending a final determination of the outcome of the prosecution.

Marginal note:Failure to pay charges

 Every person who wilfully fails to pay a charge as and when required under this Act is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and, in addition to any penalty or interest otherwise provided, is liable to

  • (a) a fine not exceeding the aggregate of $1,000 and an amount equal to 20% of the amount of the charge that should have been paid;

  • (b) imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months; or

  • (c) both a fine referred to in paragraph (a) and imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months.

 
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