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Softwood Lumber Products Export Charge Act, 2006 (S.C. 2006, c. 13)

Act current to 2023-01-11 and last amended on 2016-06-17. Previous Versions

Administration and Enforcement (continued)

Offences and Punishment (continued)

Marginal note:Offence re confidential information

  •  (1) Every person is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months, or to both, if the person

    • (a) contravenes subsection 84(2); or

    • (b) knowingly contravenes an order made under subsection 84(7).

  • Marginal note:Offence re confidential information

    (2) Every person

    • (a) to whom confidential information has been provided for a particular purpose under paragraph 84(6)(a), (b), (c), (e), (h) or (k), or

    • (b) who is an official to whom confidential information has been provided for a particular purpose pursuant to paragraph 84(6)(d), (f) or (i)

    and who for any other purpose knowingly uses, provides to any person, allows the provision to any person of, or allows any person access to, that information is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months, or to both.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (3) In subsection (2), official and confidential information have the same meanings as in subsection 84(1).

Marginal note:General offence

 Every person who fails to comply with any provision of this Act or the regulations made under this Act for which no other offence is specified in this Act is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction and liable to a fine not exceeding $1,000.

Marginal note:Defence of due diligence

 No person shall be convicted of an offence under section 68 or 72 if the person establishes that they exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of the offence.

Marginal note:Compliance orders

 If a person is convicted by a court of an offence for a failure to comply with a provision of this Act, the court may make any order that it considers proper in order to enforce compliance with the provision.

Marginal note:Officers of corporations, etc.

 If a person other than an individual commits an offence under this Act, every officer, director or representative of the person who directed, authorized, assented to, acquiesced in or participated in the commission of the offence is a party to and guilty of the offence and liable on conviction to the punishment provided for the offence, whether or not the person has been prosecuted or convicted.

Marginal note:Information or complaint

  •  (1) An information or complaint under this Act may be laid or made by any employee of the Agency, by a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police or by any person authorized to do so by the Minister and, if an information or complaint purports to have been laid or made under this Act, it is deemed to have been laid or made by a person so authorized by the Minister and shall not be called in question for lack of authority of the informant or complainant, except by the Minister or a person acting for the Minister or for Her Majesty in right of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Two or more offences

    (2) An information or complaint in respect of an offence under this Act may be for one or more offences, and no information, complaint, warrant, conviction or other proceeding in a prosecution under this Act is objectionable or insufficient by reason of the fact that it relates to two or more offences.

  • Marginal note:Territorial jurisdiction

    (3) An information or complaint in respect of an offence under this Act may be heard, tried or determined by any court, if the accused is resident, carrying on business, found or apprehended or is in custody within the court’s territorial jurisdiction even if the matter of the information or complaint did not arise within that territorial jurisdiction.

  • Marginal note:Limitation of prosecutions

    (4) An information or complaint under the provisions of the Criminal Code relating to summary convictions, in respect of an offence under this Act, may be laid or made within two years after the day on which the matter of the information or complaint arose.

Inspections

Marginal note:By whom

  •  (1) A person authorized by the Minister to do so may, at all reasonable times, for any purpose related to the administration or enforcement of this Act, inspect, audit or examine the records, processes, property or premises of a person in order to determine whether that or any other person is in compliance with this Act.

  • Marginal note:Powers of authorized person

    (2) For the purposes of an inspection, audit or examination, the authorized person may

    • (a) enter any place in which the authorized person reasonably believes the person keeps records or carries on any activity to which this Act applies; and

    • (b) require any individual to be present during the inspection, audit or examination and require that individual to answer all proper questions and to give to the authorized person all reasonable assistance.

  • Marginal note:Prior authorization

    (3) If any place referred to in paragraph (2)(a) is a dwelling-house, the authorized person may not enter that dwelling-house without the consent of the occupant, except under the authority of a warrant issued under subsection (4).

  • Marginal note:Warrant to enter dwelling-house

    (4) A judge may issue a warrant authorizing a person to enter a dwelling-house subject to the conditions specified in the warrant if, on ex parte application by the Minister, a judge is satisfied by information on oath that

    • (a) there are reasonable grounds to believe that the dwelling-house is a place referred to in paragraph (2)(a);

    • (b) entry into the dwelling-house is necessary for any purpose related to the administration or enforcement of this Act; and

    • (c) entry into the dwelling-house has been, or there are reasonable grounds to believe that entry will be, refused.

  • Marginal note:Orders if entry not authorized

    (5) If the judge is not satisfied that entry into the dwelling-house is necessary for any purpose related to the administration or enforcement of this Act, the judge may, to the extent that access was or may be expected to be refused and that a record or property is or may be expected to be kept in the dwelling-house,

    • (a) order the occupant of the dwelling-house to provide a person with reasonable access to any record or property that is or should be kept in the dwelling-house; and

    • (b) make any other order that is appropriate in the circumstances to carry out the purposes of this Act.

  • Definition of dwelling-house

    (6) In this section, dwelling-house means the whole or any part of a building or structure that is kept or occupied as a permanent or temporary residence, and includes

    • (a) a building within the curtilage of a dwelling-house that is connected to it by a doorway or by a covered and enclosed passageway; and

    • (b) a unit that is designed to be mobile and to be used as a permanent or temporary residence and that is being used as such a residence.

Marginal note:Compliance order

  •  (1) On application by the Minister, a judge may, despite section 74, order a person to provide any access, assistance, information or record sought by the Minister under section 49 or 77 if the judge is satisfied that

    • (a) the person was required under section 49 or 77 to provide the access, assistance, information or record and did not do so; and

    • (b) in the case of information or a record, the information or record is not protected from disclosure by solicitor-client privilege.

  • Marginal note:Notice required

    (2) An application under subsection (1) must not be heard before the end of five clear days after the day on which the notice of application is served on the person against whom the order is sought.

  • Marginal note:Judge may impose conditions

    (3) The judge making an order under subsection (1) may impose any conditions in respect of the order that the judge considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Contempt of court

    (4) If a person fails or refuses to comply with an order, a judge may find the person in contempt of court and the person is subject to the processes and the punishments of the court to which the judge is appointed.

  • Marginal note:Appeal

    (5) An order by a judge under subsection (1) may be appealed to a court having appellate jurisdiction over decisions of the court to which the judge is appointed. An appeal does not suspend the execution of the order unless it is so ordered by a judge of the court to which the appeal is made.

Marginal note:Copies

 If any record is seized, inspected, audited, examined or provided under any of sections 49, 77, 78 and 83, the person by whom it is seized, inspected, audited or examined or to whom it is provided or any officer of the Agency may make or cause to be made one or more copies of it and, in the case of an electronic document, make or cause to be made a print-out of the electronic document. Any document purporting to be certified by the Minister or an authorized person to be a copy of the record, or to be a print-out of an electronic document, made under this section is evidence of the nature and content of the original record and has the same probative force as the original record would have if it were proven in the ordinary way.

Marginal note:Prohibition

  •  (1) No person shall, physically or otherwise, do or attempt to do either of the following:

    • (a) interfere with, hinder or molest any person doing anything the person is authorized to do under this Act; or

    • (b) prevent any person from doing anything the person is authorized to do under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Compliance

    (2) Every person shall, unless the person is unable to do so, do everything the person is required to do by or pursuant to any of sections 49, 77 to 79 and 83.

Definition of foreign-based information or record

  •  (1) For the purposes of this section, foreign-based information or record means any information or record that is available or located outside Canada and that may be relevant to the administration or enforcement of this Act, including the collection of any amount payable under this Act by any person.

  • Marginal note:Requirement to provide foreign-based information

    (2) Despite any other provision of this Act, the Minister may, by notice served personally or sent by registered or certified mail, require a person resident in Canada or a non-resident person who carries on business in Canada to provide any foreign-based information or record.

  • Marginal note:Content of notice

    (3) A notice referred to in subsection (2) shall set out

    • (a) a reasonable period of not less than 90 days for the provision of the information or record;

    • (b) a description of the information or record being sought; and

    • (c) the consequences under subsection (8) to the person of the failure to provide the information or record being sought within the period set out in the notice.

  • Marginal note:Review by judge

    (4) The person on whom a notice of a requirement is served or to whom a notice of requirement is sent under subsection (2) may, within 90 days after the service or sending of the notice, apply to a judge for a review of the requirement.

  • Marginal note:Powers on review

    (5) On hearing an application under subsection (4) in respect of a requirement, a judge may

    • (a) confirm the requirement;

    • (b) vary the requirement if satisfied that it is appropriate to do so in the circumstances; or

    • (c) set aside the requirement if satisfied that it is unreasonable.

  • Marginal note:Clarification

    (6) For the purposes of subsection (5), a requirement to provide information or a record shall not be considered to be unreasonable because the information or record is under the control of or available to a non-resident person that is not controlled by the person on whom the notice of the requirement is served or to whom the notice of requirement is sent under subsection (2) if that person is related to the non-resident person.

  • Marginal note:Time during consideration not to count

    (7) The period between the day on which an application for the review of a requirement is made under subsection (4) and the day on which the review is decided shall not be counted in the computation of

    • (a) the period set out in the notice of the requirement; and

    • (b) the period within which an assessment may be made under section 50 or 51.

  • Marginal note:Consequence of failure

    (8) If a person fails to comply substantially with a notice served or sent under subsection (2) and if the notice is not set aside under subsection (5), any court having jurisdiction in a civil proceeding relating to the administration or enforcement of this Act shall, on motion of the Minister, prohibit the introduction by that person of any foreign-based information or record covered by that notice.

Marginal note:Information respecting non-resident persons

 Every corporation that, at any time in a taxation year, was resident in Canada or carried on business in Canada shall, in respect of each non-resident person with whom it was not dealing at arm’s length at any time in the year, file with the Minister, within six months after the end of the year, information specified by the Minister for the year in respect of transactions with that person.

Investigation

Marginal note:Search warrant

  •  (1) A judge may, on ex parte application by the Minister, issue a warrant authorizing any person named in the warrant to enter and search any building, receptacle or place for any record or thing that may afford evidence of the commission of an offence under this Act and to seize the record or thing and, as soon as is practicable, bring it before, or make a report in respect of it to, the judge or, where that judge is unable to act, another judge of the same court, to be dealt with by the judge in accordance with this section.

  • Marginal note:Evidence on oath

    (2) An application under subsection (1) shall be supported by information on oath establishing the facts on which the application is based.

  • Marginal note:Issue of warrant

    (3) A judge may issue a warrant referred to in subsection (1) if the judge is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds to believe that

    • (a) an offence under this Act has been committed;

    • (b) a record or thing that may afford evidence of the commission of the offence is likely to be found; and

    • (c) the building, receptacle or place specified in the application is likely to contain such a record or thing.

  • Marginal note:Contents of warrant

    (4) A warrant issued under subsection (1) shall refer to the offence for which it is issued, identify the building, receptacle or place to be searched and the person who is alleged to have committed the offence, and it shall be reasonably specific as to any record or thing to be searched for and seized.

  • Marginal note:Seizure of record

    (5) Any person who executes a warrant issued under subsection (1) may seize, in addition to the record or thing referred to in that subsection, any other record or thing that the person believes on reasonable grounds affords evidence of the commission of an offence under this Act and shall, as soon as is practicable, bring the record or thing before, or make a report in respect of it to, the judge who issued the warrant or, if that judge is unable to act, another judge of the same court, to be dealt with by the judge in accordance with this section.

  • Marginal note:Retention of things seized

    (6) Subject to subsection (7), if any record or thing seized under subsection (1) or (5) is brought before a judge or a report in respect of it is made to a judge, the judge shall, unless the Minister waives retention, order that it be retained by the Minister, who shall take reasonable care to ensure that it is preserved until the conclusion of any investigation into the offence in relation to which the record or thing was seized or until it is required to be produced for the purposes of a criminal proceeding.

  • Marginal note:Return of things seized

    (7) If any record or thing seized under subsection (1) or (5) is brought before a judge or a report in respect of it is made to a judge, the judge may, on the judge’s own motion or on summary application by a person with an interest in the record or thing on three clear days notice of application to the Deputy Attorney General of Canada, order that the record or thing be returned to the person from whom it was seized or the person who is otherwise legally entitled to it, if the judge is satisfied that the record or thing

    • (a) will not be required for an investigation or a criminal proceeding; or

    • (b) was not seized in accordance with the warrant or this section.

  • Marginal note:Access and copies

    (8) The person from whom any record or thing is seized under this section is entitled, at all reasonable times and subject to any reasonable conditions that may be imposed by the Minister, to inspect the record or thing and, in the case of a record, to obtain one copy of the record at the expense of the Minister.

 
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