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Bank Act (S.C. 1991, c. 46)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2021-12-23 and last amended on 2021-06-30. Previous Versions

PART VIIIBusiness and Powers (continued)

General Business (continued)

Accounts (continued)

Marginal note:No increase or new charges without disclosure

  •  (1) A bank shall not increase any charge applicable to a personal deposit account with the bank or introduce any new charge applicable to a personal deposit account with the bank unless the bank discloses the charge at the prescribed time and place and in the prescribed form and manner to the customer in whose name the account is kept.

  • Marginal note:Mandatory disclosure

    (2) With respect to prescribed services in relation to deposit accounts, other than personal deposit accounts, a bank shall not increase any charge for any such service in relation to a deposit account with the bank or introduce any new charge for any such service in relation to a deposit account with the bank unless the bank discloses the charge at the prescribed time and place and in the prescribed form and manner to the customer in whose name the account is kept.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 447
  • 2012, c. 5, s. 40

Marginal note:Application

 Sections 445 to 447 apply only in respect of charges applicable to deposit accounts with the bank in Canada and services provided by the bank in Canada.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 448
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 117

Marginal note:Retail deposit accounts

  •  (1) Subject to regulations made under subsection (3), a member bank shall, at any prescribed point of service in Canada or any branch in Canada at which it opens retail deposit accounts through a natural person, open a retail deposit account for an individual who meets the prescribed conditions at his or her request made there in person.

  • Marginal note:No minimum deposit or balance requirements

    (2) A member bank shall not require that, in the case of an account opened under subsection (1), the individual make an initial minimum deposit or maintain a minimum balance.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (3) The Governor in Council may make regulations

    • (a) for the purposes of subsection (1), defining point of service and prescribing points of service;

    • (b) respecting circumstances in which subsection (1) does not apply; and

    • (c) prescribing conditions to be met by an individual for the purposes of subsection (1).

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 117

Marginal note:Low-fee retail deposit accounts — regulations

 The Governor in Council may make regulations

  • (a) requiring a member bank, at any prescribed point of service in Canada or any branch referred to in subsection 448.1(1), to open a low-fee retail deposit account for an individual who meets the prescribed conditions at his or her request made there in person;

  • (b) for the purposes of paragraph (a), defining point of service and prescribing points of service;

  • (c) prescribing the characteristics, including the name, of a low-fee retail deposit account;

  • (d) respecting circumstances in which a regulation made under paragraph (a) does not apply; and

  • (e) prescribing conditions to be met by an individual for the purposes of paragraph (a).

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 117

Registered Products

Marginal note:Disclosure required concerning registered products

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a bank shall not open an account that is or forms part of a registered product in the name of a customer, or enter into an agreement with a customer for a prescribed product or service that is or forms part of a registered product, unless the bank provides, in the prescribed manner, to the individual requesting the account or the prescribed product or service

    • (a) information about all charges applicable to the registered product;

    • (b) information about how the customer will be notified of any increase in those charges and of any new charges applicable to the registered product;

    • (c) information about the bank’s procedures relating to complaints about the application of any charge applicable to the registered product; and

    • (d) any other information that may be prescribed.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (2) The Governor in Council may make regulations specifying the circumstances under which a bank need not provide the information.

  • Definition of registered product

    (3) In this section, registered product means a product that is defined to be a registered product by the regulations.

  • 2007, c. 6, s. 31

Borrowing Costs

Definition of cost of borrowing

 For the purposes of this section and sections 449.1 to 456, cost of borrowing means, in respect of a loan made by a bank,

  • (a) the interest or discount applicable to the loan;

  • (b) any amount charged in connection with the loan that is payable by the borrower to the bank; and

  • (c) any charge prescribed to be included in the cost of borrowing.

For those purposes, however, cost of borrowing does not include any charge prescribed to be excluded from the cost of borrowing.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 449
  • 1997, c. 15, s. 49
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 118

Marginal note:Rebate of borrowing costs

  •  (1) Where a bank makes a loan in respect of which the disclosure requirements of section 450 apply, and the loan is not secured by a mortgage on real property and is required to be repaid either on a fixed future date or by instalments, the bank shall, if there is a prepayment of the loan, rebate to the borrower a portion of the charges included in the cost of borrowing in respect of the loan.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) The charges to be rebated do not include the interest or discount applicable to the loan.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (3) The Governor in Council may make regulations governing the rebate of charges under subsection (1). The rebate shall be made in accordance with those regulations.

  • 1997, c. 15, s. 49

Marginal note:Disclosing borrowing costs

  •  (1) A bank shall not make a loan to a natural person that is repayable in Canada unless the cost of borrowing, as calculated and expressed in accordance with section 451, and other prescribed information have been disclosed by the bank to the borrower at the prescribed time and place and in the prescribed form and manner.

  • Marginal note:Non-application

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of a loan that is of a prescribed class of loans.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 450
  • 1997, c. 15, s. 49
  • 2012, c. 5, s. 41

Marginal note:Calculating borrowing costs

 The cost of borrowing shall be calculated, in the prescribed manner, on the basis that all obligations of the borrower are duly fulfilled and shall be expressed as a rate per annum and, in prescribed circumstances, as an amount in dollars and cents.

Marginal note:Additional disclosure

  •  (1) Where a bank makes a loan in respect of which the disclosure requirements of section 450 are applicable and the loan is required to be repaid either on a fixed future date or by instalments, the bank shall disclose to the borrower, in accordance with the regulations,

    • (a) whether the borrower has the right to repay the amount borrowed before the maturity of the loan and, if applicable,

      • (i) any terms and conditions relating to that right, including the particulars of the circumstances in which the borrower may exercise that right, and

      • (ii) whether, in the event that the borrower exercises the right, any portion of the cost of borrowing is to be rebated, the manner in which any such rebate is to be calculated or, if a charge or penalty will be imposed on the borrower, the manner in which the charge or penalty is to be calculated;

    • (b) in the event that an amount borrowed is not repaid at maturity or, if applicable, an instalment is not paid on the day the instalment is due to be paid, particulars of the charges or penalties to be paid by the borrower because of the failure to repay or pay in accordance with the contract governing the loan;

    • (c) at the prescribed time and place and in the prescribed form and manner, any prescribed changes respecting the cost of borrowing or the loan agreement;

    • (d) particulars of any other rights and obligations of the borrower; and

    • (e) any other prescribed information, at the prescribed time and place and in the prescribed form and manner.

  • Marginal note:Disclosure in credit card applications

    (1.1) A bank shall, in accordance with the regulations, at the prescribed time and place and in the prescribed form and manner, provide prescribed information in any application forms or related documents that it prepares for the issuance of credit, payment or charge cards and provide prescribed information to any person applying to it for a credit, payment or charge card.

  • Marginal note:Disclosure re credit cards

    (2) Where a bank issues or has issued a credit, payment or charge card to a natural person, the bank shall, in addition to disclosing the costs of borrowing in respect of any loan obtained through the use of the card, disclose to the person, in accordance with the regulations,

    • (a) any charges or penalties described in paragraph (1)(b);

    • (b) particulars of the person’s rights and obligations;

    • (c) any charges for which the person becomes responsible by accepting or using the card;

    • (d) at the prescribed time and place and in the prescribed form and manner, any prescribed changes respecting the cost of borrowing or the loan agreement; and

    • (e) any other prescribed information, at the prescribed time and place and in the prescribed form and manner.

  • Marginal note:Additional disclosure re other loans

    (3) Where a bank enters into or has entered into an arrangement, including a line of credit, for the making of a loan in respect of which the disclosure requirements of section 450 apply and the loan is not a loan in respect of which subsection (1) or (2) applies, the bank shall, in addition to disclosing the costs of borrowing, disclose to the person to whom the loan is made, in accordance with the regulations,

    • (a) any charges or penalties described in paragraph (1)(b);

    • (b) particulars of the person’s rights and obligations;

    • (c) any charges for which the person is responsible under the arrangement;

    • (d) at the prescribed time and place and in the prescribed form and manner, any prescribed changes respecting the cost of borrowing under the arrangement; and

    • (e) any other prescribed information, at the prescribed time and place and in the prescribed form and manner.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 452
  • 1997, c. 15, s. 50
  • 2012, c. 5, s. 42

Marginal note:Renewal statement

 If a bank makes a loan in respect of which the disclosure requirements of section 450 apply and the loan is secured by a mortgage on real property, the bank shall disclose to the borrower, at the prescribed time and place and in the prescribed form and manner, any information that is prescribed respecting the renewal of the loan.

  • 1997, c. 15, s. 51
  • 2012, c. 5, s. 43

Marginal note:Disclosure in advertising

 No person shall authorize the publication, issue or appearance of any advertisement in Canada relating to arrangements referred to in subsection 452(3), loans, credit cards, payment cards or charge cards, offered to natural persons by a bank, and purporting to disclose prescribed information about the cost of borrowing or about any other matter unless the advertisement discloses prescribed information at the prescribed time and place and in the prescribed form and manner.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 453
  • 1997, c. 15, s. 51
  • 2012, c. 5, s. 43

Marginal note:Regulations re borrowing costs

 The Governor in Council may make regulations

  • (a) respecting the time and place at which, and the form and manner in which, a bank is to disclose to a borrower

    • (i) the cost of borrowing,

    • (ii) any rebate of the cost of borrowing, and

    • (iii) any other information relating to a loan, arrangement, credit card, payment card or charge card referred to in section 452;

  • (b) respecting the contents of any statement disclosing the cost of borrowing and other information required to be disclosed by a bank to a borrower;

  • (c) respecting the manner of calculating the cost of borrowing;

  • (d) respecting the circumstances under which the cost of borrowing is to be expressed as an amount in dollars and cents;

  • (e) specifying any class of loans that are not to be subject to section 449.1 or subsection 450(1) or 452(1) or (3) or section 452.1 or 453 or the regulations or any specified provisions of the regulations;

  • (f) respecting the time and place at which, and the form and manner in which, any rights, obligations, charges or penalties referred to in sections 449.1 to 453 are to be disclosed;

  • (g) prohibiting the imposition of any charge or penalty referred to in section 452 or providing that the charge or penalty, if imposed, will not exceed a prescribed amount;

  • (h) respecting the nature or amount of any charge or penalty referred to in paragraph 452(1)(b), (2)(a) or (3)(a) and the costs of the bank that may be included or excluded in the determination of the charge or penalty;

  • (i) respecting the method of calculating the amount of rebate of the cost of borrowing, or the portion of the cost of borrowing referred to in subparagraph 452(1)(a)(ii);

  • (j) respecting advertisements made by a bank regarding arrangements referred to in subsection 452(3), loans, credit cards, payment cards or charge cards;

  • (k) respecting the renewal of loans; and

  • (l) respecting such other matters or things as are necessary to carry out the purposes of sections 449.1 to 453.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 454
  • 1997, c. 15, s. 51
  • 2012, c. 5, s. 44

Complaints

Marginal note:Procedures for dealing with complaints

  •  (1) A bank shall

    • (a) establish procedures for dealing with complaints made by persons having requested or received products or services in Canada from a bank;

    • (b) designate an officer or employee of the bank to be responsible for implementing those procedures; and

    • (c) designate one or more officers or employees of the bank to receive and deal with those complaints.

  • Marginal note:Procedures to be filed with Commissioner

    (2) A bank shall file with the Commissioner a copy of its procedures established under paragraph (1)(a).

  • Marginal note:How procedures to be made available

    (3) A bank shall make its procedures established under paragraph (1)(a) available

    • (a) in the form of a brochure, at its branches where products or services are offered in Canada;

    • (b) on its websites through which products or services are offered in Canada; and

    • (c) in written format to be sent to any person who requests them.

  • Marginal note:Information on contacting Agency

    (4) A bank shall also make prescribed information on how to contact the Agency available whenever it makes its procedures established under paragraph (1)(a) available under subsection (3).

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 455
  • 1997, c. 15, s. 52
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 120
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 32
 
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