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Bank Act (S.C. 1991, c. 46)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2021-12-23 and last amended on 2021-06-30. Previous Versions

PART XVBank Holding Companies (continued)

DIVISION 6Corporate Governance (continued)

Shareholders (continued)

Marginal note:Notice of refusal

  •  (1) If a bank holding company refuses to include a proposal in a management proxy circular, it shall in writing notify the person submitting the proposal of its intention to omit the proposal from the management proxy circular and of the reasons for the refusal. It shall notify the person within the prescribed period after either the day on which it receives the proposal or, if it has requested proof under subsection 732(1.4), the day on which it receives the proof.

  • Marginal note:Application to court

    (2) On the application of a person submitting a proposal who claims to be aggrieved by a bank holding company’s refusal under subsection (1), a court may restrain the holding of the meeting at which the proposal is sought to be presented and make any further order that it thinks fit.

  • Marginal note:Appeal to court

    (3) A bank holding company or any person claiming to be aggrieved by a proposal may apply to a court for an order permitting the bank holding company to not attach the proposal to the notice of a meeting, and the court, if it is satisfied that subsection 732(5) applies, may make such order as it thinks fit.

  • Marginal note:Notice to Superintendent

    (4) An applicant under subsection (2) or (3) shall give the Superintendent written notice of the application and the Superintendent may appear and be heard at the hearing of the application in person or by counsel.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 96

Marginal note:List of shareholders entitled to notice

  •  (1) A bank holding company shall prepare an alphabetical list of shareholders entitled to receive notice of a meeting showing the number of shares held by each shareholder

    • (a) if a record date is fixed under paragraph 726(5)(c), no later than 10 days after that date; and

    • (b) if no record date is fixed, on the record date determined under paragraph 726(6)(a).

  • Marginal note:Voting list

    (2) The bank holding company shall prepare an alphabetical list of shareholders entitled to vote as of the record date showing the number of shares held by each shareholder

    • (a) if a record date is fixed under paragraph 726(5)(d), no later than 10 days after that date; and

    • (b) if no record date is fixed under paragraph 726(5)(d), no later than 10 days after a record date is fixed under paragraph 726(5)(c) or no later than the record date determined under paragraph 726(6)(a), as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Entitlement to vote

    (3) Subject to section 156.09, a shareholder whose name appears on a list prepared under subsection (2) is entitled to vote the shares shown opposite their name.

  • Marginal note:Examination of list

    (4) A shareholder may examine the list of shareholders

    • (a) during usual business hours at the head office of the bank holding company or at the place where its central securities register is maintained; and

    • (b) at the meeting of shareholders for which the list was prepared.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 97

Marginal note:Quorum

  •  (1) Unless the by-laws otherwise provide, a quorum of shareholders is present at a meeting of shareholders if the holders of a majority of the shares who are entitled to vote at the meeting are present in person or represented by proxyholders.

  • Marginal note:Quorum present at opening

    (2) If a quorum is present at the opening of a meeting of shareholders, the shareholders present may, unless the by-laws otherwise provide, proceed with the business of the meeting, notwithstanding that a quorum is not present throughout the meeting.

  • Marginal note:Quorum not present at opening

    (3) If a quorum is not present at the opening of a meeting of shareholders, the shareholders present may adjourn the meeting to a fixed time and place but may not transact any other business.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:One shareholder meeting

 If a bank holding company has only one shareholder, or only one holder of any class or series of shares, the shareholder present in person or represented by a proxyholder constitutes a meeting of shareholders or a meeting of shareholders of that class or series.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:One share — one vote

 Subject to subsection 156.09, if a share of a bank holding company entitles the holder of the share to vote at a meeting of shareholders, that share entitles the shareholder to one vote at the meeting.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Representative shareholder

  •  (1) If an entity is a shareholder of a bank holding company, the bank holding company shall recognize any natural person authorized by a resolution of the directors or governing body or similar authority of the entity to represent it at meetings of shareholders of the bank holding company.

  • Marginal note:Powers

    (2) A natural person authorized under subsection (1) to represent an entity may exercise on behalf of the entity all the powers the entity could exercise if it were a natural person as well as a shareholder.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Joint shareholders

 Unless the by-laws otherwise provide, if two or more persons hold shares jointly, one of those holders present at a meeting of shareholders may in the absence of the others vote the shares, but if two or more of those persons who are present in person or represented by proxyholder vote, they shall vote as one on the shares jointly held by them.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Voting by hands or ballot

  •  (1) Unless the by-laws otherwise provide, voting at a meeting of shareholders shall take place by show of hands except when a ballot is demanded by either a shareholder or proxyholder entitled to vote at the meeting.

  • Marginal note:Ballot

    (2) A shareholder or proxyholder may demand a ballot either before or after any vote by show of hands.

  • Marginal note:Electronic voting

    (3) Despite subsection (1) and unless the by-laws provide otherwise, any vote referred to in that subsection may be held entirely by means of a telephonic, electronic or other communication facility if the bank holding company makes one available.

  • Marginal note:Voting while participating electronically

    (4) Unless the by-laws provide otherwise, any person who is participating in a meeting of shareholders under subsection 725(2) and entitled to vote at that meeting may vote by means of the telephonic, electronic or other communication facility that the bank holding company has made available for that purpose.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (5) The Governor in Council may make regulations respecting the manner of and conditions for voting at a meeting of shareholders by means of a telephonic, electronic or other communication facility.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 98

Marginal note:Resolution in lieu of meeting

  •  (1) Except where a written statement is submitted by a director under section 762 or by an auditor under subsection 853(1),

    • (a) a resolution in writing signed by all the shareholders entitled to vote on that resolution at a meeting of shareholders is as valid as if it had been passed at a meeting of the shareholders; and

    • (b) a resolution in writing dealing with all matters required by this Part to be dealt with at a meeting of shareholders, and signed by all the shareholders entitled to vote at that meeting, satisfies all the requirements of this Part relating to meetings of shareholders.

  • Marginal note:Filing resolution

    (2) A copy of every resolution referred to in subsection (1) shall be kept with the minutes of the meetings of shareholders.

  • Marginal note:Evidence

    (3) Unless a ballot is demanded, an entry in the minutes of a meeting that the chairperson declared a resolution to be carried or defeated is in the absence of evidence to the contrary proof of that fact without proof of the number or proportion of votes recorded in favour of or against the resolution.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 99

Marginal note:Requisitioned meeting

  •  (1) Shareholders who together hold not less than 5 per cent of the issued and outstanding shares of a bank holding company that carry the right to vote at a meeting sought to be held may requisition the directors to call a meeting of shareholders for the purposes stated in the requisition.

  • Marginal note:Form

    (2) A requisition referred to in subsection (1)

    • (a) must state the business to be transacted at the meeting and must be sent to each director and to the head office of the bank holding company; and

    • (b) may consist of several documents of like form, each signed by one or more shareholders.

  • Marginal note:Directors calling meeting

    (3) On receipt of a requisition referred to in subsection (1), the directors shall call a meeting of shareholders to transact the business stated in the requisition, unless

    • (a) a record date has been fixed under paragraph 726(5)(c) and notice of it has been given under subsection 726(7);

    • (b) the directors have called a meeting of shareholders and have given notice thereof under section 727; or

    • (c) the business of the meeting as stated in the requisition includes matters described in paragraphs 732(5)(b) to (e).

  • Marginal note:Shareholders’ power

    (4) If the directors do not call a meeting within twenty-one days after receiving the requisition referred to in subsection (1), any shareholder who signed the requisition may call the meeting.

  • Marginal note:Procedure

    (5) A meeting called under this section shall be called as nearly as possible in the manner in which meetings are to be called pursuant to the by-laws and this Part.

  • Marginal note:Reimbursement

    (6) Unless the shareholders otherwise resolve at a meeting called under subsection (4), the bank holding company shall reimburse the shareholders for any expenses reasonably incurred by them in requisitioning, calling and holding the meeting.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 100

Marginal note:Court may order meeting to be called

  •  (1) A court may, on the application of a director, a shareholder who is entitled to vote at a meeting of shareholders or the Superintendent, order a meeting to be called, held or conducted in the manner that the court directs if

    • (a) it is impracticable to call the meeting within the time or in the manner in which it is to be called;

    • (b) it is impracticable to conduct the meeting in the manner required by this Part or the by-laws; or

    • (c) the court thinks that the meeting ought to be called, held or conducted within the time or in the manner that it directs for any other reason.

  • Marginal note:Varying quorum

    (2) Without restricting the generality of subsection (1), a court may order that the quorum required by the by-laws or this Part be varied or dispensed with at a meeting called, held and conducted pursuant to this section.

  • Marginal note:Valid meeting

    (3) A meeting called, held and conducted pursuant to this section is for all purposes a meeting of shareholders of the bank holding company duly called, held and conducted.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 101

Marginal note:Court review of election

  •  (1) A bank holding company or a shareholder or director of a bank holding company may apply to a court to resolve any dispute in respect of the election or appointment of a director or an auditor of the bank holding company.

  • Marginal note:Powers of court

    (2) On an application under subsection (1), a court may make any order it thinks fit including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing,

    • (a) an order restraining a director or auditor whose election or appointment is challenged from acting pending determination of the dispute;

    • (b) an order declaring the result of the disputed election or appointment;

    • (c) an order requiring a new election or appointment, and including in the order directions for the management of the business and affairs of the bank holding company until a new election is held or the new appointment is made; and

    • (d) an order determining the voting rights of shareholders and of persons claiming to own shares.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Notice to Superintendent

  •  (1) A person who makes an application under subsection 743(1) or 744(1) shall give notice of the application to the Superintendent before the hearing and shall deliver a copy of the order of the court, if any, to the Superintendent.

  • Marginal note:Superintendent representation

    (2) The Superintendent may appear and be heard in person or by counsel at the hearing of an application referred to in subsection (1).

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Proxies and Voting Restrictions

Marginal note:Sections 156.01 to 156.09 apply

 Sections 156.01 to 156.09 apply in respect of bank holding companies, subject to the following:

  • (a) references to “bank” in those sections are to be read as references to “bank holding company”;

  • (b) references to “this Part” in those sections are to be read as references to “this Division”;

  • (c) the English version of subsection 156.05(1) is to be read without reference to “or auditors”;

  • (d) the reference to “section 375” in subsection 156.09(4) is to be read as a reference to “section 878”; and

  • (e) the reference to “subsection 138(1.1)” in subsection 156.09(11) is to be read as a reference to “subsection 727(2)”.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Directors and Officers

Duties

Marginal note:Duty to manage

  •  (1) Subject to this Act, the directors of a bank holding company shall manage or supervise the management of the business and affairs of the bank holding company.

  • Marginal note:Specific duties

    (2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), the directors of a bank holding company shall

    • (a) establish an audit committee to perform the duties referred to in subsections 782(3) and (4);

    • (b) establish procedures to resolve conflicts of interest, including techniques for the identification of potential conflict situations and for restricting the use of confidential information;

    • (c) designate a committee of the board of directors to monitor the procedures referred to in paragraph (b); and

    • (d) establish investment and lending policies, standards and procedures in accordance with section 927.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Paragraph (2)(a) does not apply to the directors of a bank holding company if

    • (a) all the voting shares of the bank holding company are beneficially owned by a Canadian financial institution described in any of paragraphs (a) to (d) of the definition financial institution in section 2; and

    • (b) the audit committee of the financial institution performs for and on behalf of the bank holding company all the functions that would otherwise be required to be performed by the audit committee of the bank holding company under this Part.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
 
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