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Bank Act (S.C. 1991, c. 46)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2022-09-22 and last amended on 2022-06-30. Previous Versions

PART XVBank Holding Companies (continued)

DIVISION 6Corporate Governance (continued)

Shareholders (continued)

Marginal note:Quorum

  •  (1) Unless the by-laws otherwise provide, a quorum of shareholders is present at a meeting of shareholders if the holders of a majority of the shares who are entitled to vote at the meeting are present in person or represented by proxyholders.

  • Marginal note:Quorum present at opening

    (2) If a quorum is present at the opening of a meeting of shareholders, the shareholders present may, unless the by-laws otherwise provide, proceed with the business of the meeting, notwithstanding that a quorum is not present throughout the meeting.

  • Marginal note:Quorum not present at opening

    (3) If a quorum is not present at the opening of a meeting of shareholders, the shareholders present may adjourn the meeting to a fixed time and place but may not transact any other business.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:One shareholder meeting

 If a bank holding company has only one shareholder, or only one holder of any class or series of shares, the shareholder present in person or represented by a proxyholder constitutes a meeting of shareholders or a meeting of shareholders of that class or series.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:One share — one vote

 Subject to subsection 156.09, if a share of a bank holding company entitles the holder of the share to vote at a meeting of shareholders, that share entitles the shareholder to one vote at the meeting.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Representative shareholder

  •  (1) If an entity is a shareholder of a bank holding company, the bank holding company shall recognize any natural person authorized by a resolution of the directors or governing body or similar authority of the entity to represent it at meetings of shareholders of the bank holding company.

  • Marginal note:Powers

    (2) A natural person authorized under subsection (1) to represent an entity may exercise on behalf of the entity all the powers the entity could exercise if it were a natural person as well as a shareholder.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Joint shareholders

 Unless the by-laws otherwise provide, if two or more persons hold shares jointly, one of those holders present at a meeting of shareholders may in the absence of the others vote the shares, but if two or more of those persons who are present in person or represented by proxyholder vote, they shall vote as one on the shares jointly held by them.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Voting by hands or ballot

  •  (1) Unless the by-laws otherwise provide, voting at a meeting of shareholders shall take place by show of hands except when a ballot is demanded by either a shareholder or proxyholder entitled to vote at the meeting.

  • Marginal note:Ballot

    (2) A shareholder or proxyholder may demand a ballot either before or after any vote by show of hands.

  • Marginal note:Electronic voting

    (3) Despite subsection (1) and unless the by-laws provide otherwise, any vote referred to in that subsection may be held entirely by means of a telephonic, electronic or other communication facility if the bank holding company makes one available.

  • Marginal note:Voting while participating electronically

    (4) Unless the by-laws provide otherwise, any person who is participating in a meeting of shareholders under subsection 725(2) and entitled to vote at that meeting may vote by means of the telephonic, electronic or other communication facility that the bank holding company has made available for that purpose.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (5) The Governor in Council may make regulations respecting the manner of and conditions for voting at a meeting of shareholders by means of a telephonic, electronic or other communication facility.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 98

Marginal note:Resolution in lieu of meeting

  •  (1) Except where a written statement is submitted by a director under section 762 or by an auditor under subsection 853(1),

    • (a) a resolution in writing signed by all the shareholders entitled to vote on that resolution at a meeting of shareholders is as valid as if it had been passed at a meeting of the shareholders; and

    • (b) a resolution in writing dealing with all matters required by this Part to be dealt with at a meeting of shareholders, and signed by all the shareholders entitled to vote at that meeting, satisfies all the requirements of this Part relating to meetings of shareholders.

  • Marginal note:Filing resolution

    (2) A copy of every resolution referred to in subsection (1) shall be kept with the minutes of the meetings of shareholders.

  • Marginal note:Evidence

    (3) Unless a ballot is demanded, an entry in the minutes of a meeting that the chairperson declared a resolution to be carried or defeated is in the absence of evidence to the contrary proof of that fact without proof of the number or proportion of votes recorded in favour of or against the resolution.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 99

Marginal note:Requisitioned meeting

  •  (1) Shareholders who together hold not less than 5 per cent of the issued and outstanding shares of a bank holding company that carry the right to vote at a meeting sought to be held may requisition the directors to call a meeting of shareholders for the purposes stated in the requisition.

  • Marginal note:Form

    (2) A requisition referred to in subsection (1)

    • (a) must state the business to be transacted at the meeting and must be sent to each director and to the head office of the bank holding company; and

    • (b) may consist of several documents of like form, each signed by one or more shareholders.

  • Marginal note:Directors calling meeting

    (3) On receipt of a requisition referred to in subsection (1), the directors shall call a meeting of shareholders to transact the business stated in the requisition, unless

    • (a) a record date has been fixed under paragraph 726(5)(c) and notice of it has been given under subsection 726(7);

    • (b) the directors have called a meeting of shareholders and have given notice thereof under section 727; or

    • (c) the business of the meeting as stated in the requisition includes matters described in paragraphs 732(5)(b) to (e).

  • Marginal note:Shareholders’ power

    (4) If the directors do not call a meeting within twenty-one days after receiving the requisition referred to in subsection (1), any shareholder who signed the requisition may call the meeting.

  • Marginal note:Procedure

    (5) A meeting called under this section shall be called as nearly as possible in the manner in which meetings are to be called pursuant to the by-laws and this Part.

  • Marginal note:Reimbursement

    (6) Unless the shareholders otherwise resolve at a meeting called under subsection (4), the bank holding company shall reimburse the shareholders for any expenses reasonably incurred by them in requisitioning, calling and holding the meeting.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 100

Marginal note:Court may order meeting to be called

  •  (1) A court may, on the application of a director, a shareholder who is entitled to vote at a meeting of shareholders or the Superintendent, order a meeting to be called, held or conducted in the manner that the court directs if

    • (a) it is impracticable to call the meeting within the time or in the manner in which it is to be called;

    • (b) it is impracticable to conduct the meeting in the manner required by this Part or the by-laws; or

    • (c) the court thinks that the meeting ought to be called, held or conducted within the time or in the manner that it directs for any other reason.

  • Marginal note:Varying quorum

    (2) Without restricting the generality of subsection (1), a court may order that the quorum required by the by-laws or this Part be varied or dispensed with at a meeting called, held and conducted pursuant to this section.

  • Marginal note:Valid meeting

    (3) A meeting called, held and conducted pursuant to this section is for all purposes a meeting of shareholders of the bank holding company duly called, held and conducted.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
  • 2005, c. 54, s. 101

Marginal note:Court review of election

  •  (1) A bank holding company or a shareholder or director of a bank holding company may apply to a court to resolve any dispute in respect of the election or appointment of a director or an auditor of the bank holding company.

  • Marginal note:Powers of court

    (2) On an application under subsection (1), a court may make any order it thinks fit including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing,

    • (a) an order restraining a director or auditor whose election or appointment is challenged from acting pending determination of the dispute;

    • (b) an order declaring the result of the disputed election or appointment;

    • (c) an order requiring a new election or appointment, and including in the order directions for the management of the business and affairs of the bank holding company until a new election is held or the new appointment is made; and

    • (d) an order determining the voting rights of shareholders and of persons claiming to own shares.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Notice to Superintendent

  •  (1) A person who makes an application under subsection 743(1) or 744(1) shall give notice of the application to the Superintendent before the hearing and shall deliver a copy of the order of the court, if any, to the Superintendent.

  • Marginal note:Superintendent representation

    (2) The Superintendent may appear and be heard in person or by counsel at the hearing of an application referred to in subsection (1).

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Proxies and Voting Restrictions

Marginal note:Sections 156.01 to 156.09 apply

 Sections 156.01 to 156.09 apply in respect of bank holding companies, subject to the following:

  • (a) references to “bank” in those sections are to be read as references to “bank holding company”;

  • (b) references to “this Part” in those sections are to be read as references to “this Division”;

  • (c) the English version of subsection 156.05(1) is to be read without reference to “or auditors”;

  • (d) the reference to “section 375” in subsection 156.09(4) is to be read as a reference to “section 878”; and

  • (e) the reference to “subsection 138(1.1)” in subsection 156.09(11) is to be read as a reference to “subsection 727(2)”.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Directors and Officers

Duties

Marginal note:Duty to manage

  •  (1) Subject to this Act, the directors of a bank holding company shall manage or supervise the management of the business and affairs of the bank holding company.

  • Marginal note:Specific duties

    (2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), the directors of a bank holding company shall

    • (a) establish an audit committee to perform the duties referred to in subsections 782(3) and (4);

    • (b) establish procedures to resolve conflicts of interest, including techniques for the identification of potential conflict situations and for restricting the use of confidential information;

    • (c) designate a committee of the board of directors to monitor the procedures referred to in paragraph (b); and

    • (d) establish investment and lending policies, standards and procedures in accordance with section 927.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Paragraph (2)(a) does not apply to the directors of a bank holding company if

    • (a) all the voting shares of the bank holding company are beneficially owned by a Canadian financial institution described in any of paragraphs (a) to (d) of the definition financial institution in section 2; and

    • (b) the audit committee of the financial institution performs for and on behalf of the bank holding company all the functions that would otherwise be required to be performed by the audit committee of the bank holding company under this Part.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183

Marginal note:Duty of care

  •  (1) Every director and officer of a bank holding company in exercising any of the powers of a director or an officer and discharging any of the duties of a director or an officer shall

    • (a) act honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interests of the bank holding company; and

    • (b) exercise the care, diligence and skill that a reasonably prudent person would exercise in comparable circumstances.

  • Marginal note:Duty to comply

    (2) Every director, officer and employee of a bank holding company shall comply with this Act, the regulations, the bank holding company’s incorporating instrument and the by-laws of the bank holding company.

  • Marginal note:No exculpation

    (3) No provision in any contract, in any resolution or in the by-laws of a bank holding company relieves any director, officer or employee of the bank holding company from the duty to act in accordance with this Act and the regulations or relieves a director, officer or employee from liability for a breach thereof.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
Qualification and Number — Directors

Marginal note:Minimum number of directors

  •  (1) A bank holding company shall have at least seven directors.

  • Marginal note:Residency requirement

    (2) At least one half of the directors of a bank holding company that is a subsidiary of a foreign bank and a majority of the directors of any other bank holding company must be, at the time of each director’s election or appointment, resident Canadians.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 114

Marginal note:Disqualified persons

 The following persons are disqualified from being directors of a bank holding company:

  • (a) a person who is less than eighteen years of age;

  • (b) a person who is of unsound mind and has been so found by a court in Canada or elsewhere;

  • (c) a person who has the status of a bankrupt;

  • (d) a person who is not a natural person;

  • (e) a person who is prohibited by subsection 156.09(9) or section 901 or 914 from exercising voting rights attached to shares of the bank holding company;

  • (f) a person who is an officer, director or full time employee of an entity that is prohibited by subsection 156.09(9) or section 901 or 914 from exercising voting rights attached to shares of the bank holding company;

  • (f.1) a person who is an officer, director, employee or agent of — or any other person acting on behalf of — an eligible agent within the meaning of subsection 370(1);

  • (g) [Repealed, 2013, c. 40, s. 163]

  • (h) a minister of Her Majesty in right of Canada or in right of a province; and

  • (i) a person who is an agent or employee of the government of a foreign country or any political subdivision thereof.

  • 2001, c. 9, s. 183
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 335, c. 31, s. 119
  • 2013, c. 40, s. 163
 
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