Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

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Act current to 2019-05-22 and last amended on 2018-12-18. Previous Versions

PART II.1Terrorism (continued)

List of Entities

Marginal note:Establishment of list

  •  (1) The Governor in Council may, by regulation, establish a list on which the Governor in Council may place any entity if, on the recommendation of the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, the Governor in Council is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds to believe that

    • (a) the entity has knowingly carried out, attempted to carry out, participated in or facilitated a terrorist activity; or

    • (b) the entity is knowingly acting on behalf of, at the direction of or in association with an entity referred to in paragraph (a).

  • Marginal note:Recommendation

    (1.1) The Minister may make a recommendation referred to in subsection (1) only if he or she has reasonable grounds to believe that the entity to which the recommendation relates is an entity referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or (b).

  • Marginal note:Application to Minister

    (2) On application in writing by a listed entity, the Minister shall decide whether there are reasonable grounds to recommend to the Governor in Council that the applicant no longer be a listed entity.

  • Marginal note:Deeming

    (3) If the Minister does not make a decision on the application referred to in subsection (2) within 60 days after receipt of the application, he or she is deemed to have decided to recommend that the applicant remain a listed entity.

  • Marginal note:Notice of the decision to the applicant

    (4) The Minister shall give notice without delay to the applicant of any decision taken or deemed to have been taken respecting the application referred to in subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Judicial review

    (5) Within 60 days after the receipt of the notice of the decision referred to in subsection (4), the applicant may apply to a judge for judicial review of the decision.

  • Marginal note:Reference

    (6) When an application is made under subsection (5), the judge shall, without delay

    • (a) examine, in private, any security or criminal intelligence reports considered in listing the applicant and hear any other evidence or information that may be presented by or on behalf of the Minister and may, at his or her request, hear all or part of that evidence or information in the absence of the applicant and any counsel representing the applicant, if the judge is of the opinion that the disclosure of the information would injure national security or endanger the safety of any person;

    • (b) provide the applicant with a statement summarizing the information available to the judge so as to enable the applicant to be reasonably informed of the reasons for the decision, without disclosing any information the disclosure of which would, in the judge’s opinion, injure national security or endanger the safety of any person;

    • (c) provide the applicant with a reasonable opportunity to be heard; and

    • (d) determine whether the decision is reasonable on the basis of the information available to the judge and, if found not to be reasonable, order that the applicant no longer be a listed entity.

  • Marginal note:Evidence

    (6.1) The judge may receive into evidence anything that, in the opinion of the judge, is reliable and appropriate, even if it would not otherwise be admissible under Canadian law, and may base his or her decision on that evidence.

  • Marginal note:Publication

    (7) The Minister shall cause to be published, without delay, in the Canada Gazette notice of a final order of a court that the applicant no longer be a listed entity.

  • Marginal note:New application

    (8) A listed entity may not make another application under subsection (2), except if there has been a material change in its circumstances since the time when the entity made its last application or if the Minister has completed the review under subsection (9).

  • Marginal note:Review of list

    (9) Two years after the establishment of the list referred to in subsection (1), and every two years after that, the Minister shall review the list to determine whether there are still reasonable grounds, as set out in subsection (1), for an entity to be a listed entity and make a recommendation to the Governor in Council as to whether the entity should remain a listed entity. The review does not affect the validity of the list.

  • Marginal note:Completion of review

    (10) The Minister shall complete the review as soon as possible and in any event, no later than 120 days after its commencement. After completing the review, he or she shall cause to be published, without delay, in the Canada Gazette notice that the review has been completed.

  • Definition of judge

    (11) In this section, judge means the Chief Justice of the Federal Court or a judge of that Court designated by the Chief Justice.

  • 2001, c. 41, ss. 4, 143
  • 2005, c. 10, ss. 18, 34

Marginal note:Admission of foreign information obtained in confidence

  •  (1) For the purposes of subsection 83.05(6), in private and in the absence of the applicant or any counsel representing it,

    • (a) the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness may make an application to the judge for the admission of information obtained in confidence from a government, an institution or an agency of a foreign state, from an international organization of states or from an institution or an agency of an international organization of states; and

    • (b) the judge shall examine the information and provide counsel representing the Minister with a reasonable opportunity to be heard as to whether the information is relevant but should not be disclosed to the applicant or any counsel representing it because the disclosure would injure national security or endanger the safety of any person.

  • Marginal note:Return of information

    (2) The information shall be returned to counsel representing the Minister and shall not be considered by the judge in making the determination under paragraph 83.05(6)(d), if

    • (a) the judge determines that the information is not relevant;

    • (b) the judge determines that the information is relevant but should be summarized in the statement to be provided under paragraph 83.05(6)(b); or

    • (c) the Minister withdraws the application.

  • Marginal note:Use of information

    (3) If the judge decides that the information is relevant but that its disclosure would injure national security or endanger the safety of persons, the information shall not be disclosed in the statement mentioned in paragraph 83.05(6)(b), but the judge may base the determination under paragraph 83.05(6)(d) on it.

  • 2001, c. 41, s. 4
  • 2005, c. 10, s. 19

Marginal note:Mistaken identity

  •  (1) An entity claiming not to be a listed entity may apply to the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness for a certificate stating that it is not a listed entity.

  • Marginal note:Issuance of certificate

    (2) The Minister shall, within 15 days after receiving the application, issue a certificate if he or she is satisfied that the applicant is not a listed entity.

  • 2001, c. 41, s. 4
  • 2005, c. 10, s. 20

Freezing of Property

Marginal note:Freezing of property

  •  (1) No person in Canada and no Canadian outside Canada shall knowingly

    • (a) deal directly or indirectly in any property that is owned or controlled by or on behalf of a terrorist group;

    • (b) enter into or facilitate, directly or indirectly, any transaction in respect of property referred to in paragraph (a); or

    • (c) provide any financial or other related services in respect of property referred to in paragraph (a) to, for the benefit of or at the direction of a terrorist group.

  • Marginal note:No civil liability

    (2) A person who acts reasonably in taking, or omitting to take, measures to comply with subsection (1) shall not be liable in any civil action arising from having taken or omitted to take the measures, if they took all reasonable steps to satisfy themselves that the relevant property was owned or controlled by or on behalf of a terrorist group.

  • 2001, c. 41, s. 4
  • 2013, c. 9, s. 3

Marginal note:Exemptions

  •  (1) The Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, or a person designated by him or her, may authorize any person in Canada or any Canadian outside Canada to carry out a specified activity or transaction that is prohibited by section 83.08, or a class of such activities or transactions.

  • Marginal note:Ministerial authorization

    (2) The Minister, or a person designated by him or her, may make the authorization subject to any terms and conditions that are required in their opinion and may amend, suspend, revoke or reinstate it.

  • Marginal note:Existing equities maintained

    (3) All secured and unsecured rights and interests in the frozen property that are held by persons, other than terrorist groups or their agents, are entitled to the same ranking that they would have been entitled to had the property not been frozen.

  • Marginal note:Third party involvement

    (4) If a person has obtained an authorization under subsection (1), any other person involved in carrying out the activity or transaction, or class of activities or transactions, to which the authorization relates is not subject to sections 83.08, 83.1 and 83.11 if the terms or conditions of the authorization that are imposed under subsection (2), if any, are met.

  • 2001, c. 41, s. 4
  • 2005, c. 10, s. 21
 
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