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Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

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Act current to 2021-11-17 and last amended on 2021-08-27. Previous Versions

PART XVICompelling Appearance of Accused Before a Justice and Interim Release (continued)

Review of Detention where Trial Delayed (continued)

Marginal note:Directions for expediting proceedings

 Subject to subsection 525(4), a court, judge or justice before which or whom an accused appears under this Part may give directions for expediting any proceedings in respect of the accused.

Procedure to Procure Attendance of a Prisoner

Marginal note:Procuring attendance

  •  (1) A judge of a superior court of criminal jurisdiction may order in writing that a person who is confined in a prison be brought before the court, judge, justice or provincial court judge before whom the prisoner is required to attend, from day to day as may be necessary, if

    • (a) the applicant for the order sets out the facts of the case in an affidavit and produces the warrant, if any; and

    • (b) the judge is satisfied that the ends of justice require that an order be made.

  • Marginal note:Provincial court judge’s order

    (2) A provincial court judge has the same powers for the purposes of subsection (1) or (7) as a judge has under that subsection where the person whose attendance is required is within the province in which the provincial court judge has jurisdiction.

  • Marginal note:Conveyance of prisoner

    (3) An order that is made under subsection (1) or (2) shall be addressed to the person who has custody of the prisoner, and on receipt thereof that person shall

    • (a) deliver the prisoner to any person who is named in the order to receive him; or

    • (b) bring the prisoner before the court, judge, justice or provincial court judge, as the case may be, on payment of his reasonable charges in respect thereof.

  • Marginal note:Detention of prisoner required as witness

    (4) Where a prisoner is required as a witness, the judge or provincial court judge shall direct, in the order, the manner in which the prisoner shall be kept in custody and returned to the prison from which he is brought.

  • Marginal note:Detention in other cases

    (5) Where the appearance of a prisoner is required for the purposes of paragraph (1)(a) or (b), the judge or provincial court judge shall give appropriate directions in the order with respect to the manner in which the prisoner is

    • (a) to be kept in custody, if he is ordered to stand trial; or

    • (b) to be returned, if he is discharged on a preliminary inquiry or if he is acquitted of the charge against him.

  • Marginal note:Application of sections respecting sentence

    (6) Sections 718.3 and 743.1 apply where a prisoner to whom this section applies is convicted and sentenced to imprisonment by the court, judge, justice or provincial court judge.

  • Marginal note:Transfer of prisoner

    (7) On application by the prosecutor, a judge of a superior court of criminal jurisdiction may, if a prisoner or a person in the custody of a peace officer consents in writing, order the transfer of the prisoner or other person to the custody of a peace officer named in the order for a period specified in the order, where the judge is satisfied that the transfer is required for the purpose of assisting a peace officer acting in the execution of his or her duties.

  • Marginal note:Conveyance of prisoner

    (8) An order under subsection (7) shall be addressed to the person who has custody of the prisoner and on receipt thereof that person shall deliver the prisoner to the peace officer who is named in the order to receive him.

  • Marginal note:Return

    (9) When the purposes of any order made under this section have been carried out, the prisoner shall be returned to the place where he was confined at the time the order was made.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 527
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), ss. 92, 101(E), 203
  • 1994, c. 44, s. 50
  • 1995, c. 22, s. 10
  • 1997, c. 18, s. 62
  • 2015, c. 3, s. 52(F)

Endorsement of Warrant

Marginal note:Endorsing warrant

  •  (1) Where a warrant for the arrest or committal of an accused, in any form set out in Part XXVIII in relation thereto, cannot be executed in accordance with section 514 or 703, a justice within whose jurisdiction the accused is or is believed to be shall, on application and proof on oath or by affidavit of the signature of the justice who issued the warrant, authorize the arrest of the accused within his jurisdiction by making an endorsement, which may be in Form 28, on the warrant.

  • Marginal note:Copy of affidavit or warrant

    (1.1) A copy of an affidavit or warrant submitted by a means of telecommunication that produces a writing has the same probative force as the original for the purposes of subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Effect of endorsement

    (2) An endorsement that is made on a warrant pursuant to subsection (1) is sufficient authority to the peace officers to whom it was originally directed, and to all peace officers within the territorial jurisdiction of the justice by whom it is endorsed, to execute the warrant and to take the accused before the justice who issued the warrant or before any other justice for the same territorial division.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 528
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 93
  • 1994, c. 44, s. 51

Powers to Enter Dwelling-houses to Carry out Arrests

Marginal note:Including authorization to enter in warrant of arrest

  •  (1) A warrant to arrest or apprehend a person issued by a judge or justice under this or any other Act of Parliament may authorize a peace officer, subject to subsection (2), to enter a dwelling-house described in the warrant for the purpose of arresting or apprehending the person if the judge or justice is satisfied by information on oath in writing that there are reasonable grounds to believe that the person is or will be present in the dwelling-house.

  • Marginal note:Execution

    (2) An authorization to enter a dwelling-house granted under subsection (1) is subject to the condition that the peace officer may not enter the dwelling-house unless the peace officer has, immediately before entering the dwelling-house, reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be arrested or apprehended is present in the dwelling-house.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 529
  • 1994, c. 44, s. 52
  • 1997, c. 39, s. 2

Marginal note:Warrant to enter dwelling-house

 A judge or justice may issue a warrant in Form 7.1 authorizing a peace officer to enter a dwelling-house described in the warrant for the purpose of arresting or apprehending a person identified or identifiable by the warrant if the judge or justice is satisfied by information on oath that there are reasonable grounds to believe that the person is or will be present in the dwelling-house and that

  • (a) a warrant referred to in this or any other Act of Parliament to arrest or apprehend the person is in force anywhere in Canada;

  • (b) grounds exist to arrest the person without warrant under paragraph 495(1)(a) or (b) or section 672.91; or

  • (c) grounds exist to arrest or apprehend without warrant the person under an Act of Parliament, other than this Act.

  • 1997, c. 39, s. 2
  • 2002, c. 13, s. 23

Marginal note:Reasonable terms and conditions

 Subject to section 529.4, the judge or justice shall include in a warrant referred to in section 529 or 529.1 any terms and conditions that the judge or justice considers advisable to ensure that the entry into the dwelling-house is reasonable in the circumstances.

  • 1997, c. 39, s. 2

Marginal note:Authority to enter dwelling without warrant

  •  (1) Without limiting or restricting any power a peace officer may have to enter a dwelling-house under this or any other Act or law, the peace officer may enter the dwelling-house for the purpose of arresting or apprehending a person, without a warrant referred to in section 529 or 529.1 authorizing the entry, if the peace officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person is present in the dwelling-house, and the conditions for obtaining a warrant under section 529.1 exist but by reason of exigent circumstances it would be impracticable to obtain a warrant.

  • Marginal note:Exigent circumstances

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), exigent circumstances include circumstances in which the peace officer

    • (a) has reasonable grounds to suspect that entry into the dwelling-house is necessary to prevent imminent bodily harm or death to any person; or

    • (b) has reasonable grounds to believe that evidence relating to the commission of an indictable offence is present in the dwelling-house and that entry into the dwelling-house is necessary to prevent the imminent loss or imminent destruction of the evidence.

  • 1997, c. 39, s. 2

Marginal note:Omitting announcement before entry

  •  (1) A judge or justice who authorizes a peace officer to enter a dwelling-house under section 529 or 529.1, or any other judge or justice, may authorize the peace officer to enter the dwelling-house without prior announcement if the judge or justice is satisfied by information on oath that there are reasonable grounds to believe that prior announcement of the entry would

    • (a) expose the peace officer or any other person to imminent bodily harm or death; or

    • (b) result in the imminent loss or imminent destruction of evidence relating to the commission of an indictable offence.

  • Marginal note:Execution of authorization

    (2) An authorization under this section is subject to the condition that the peace officer may not enter the dwelling-house without prior announcement despite being authorized to do so unless the peace officer has, immediately before entering the dwelling-house,

    • (a) reasonable grounds to suspect that prior announcement of the entry would expose the peace officer or any other person to imminent bodily harm or death; or

    • (b) reasonable grounds to believe that prior announcement of the entry would result in the imminent loss or imminent destruction of evidence relating to the commission of an indictable offence.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) A peace officer who enters a dwelling-house without a warrant under section 529.3 may not enter the dwelling-house without prior announcement unless the peace officer has, immediately before entering the dwelling-house,

    • (a) reasonable grounds to suspect that prior announcement of the entry would expose the peace officer or any other person to imminent bodily harm or death; or

    • (b) reasonable grounds to believe that prior announcement of the entry would result in the imminent loss or imminent destruction of evidence relating to the commission of an indictable offence.

  • 1997, c. 39, s. 2

Marginal note:Telewarrant

 If a peace officer believes that it would be impracticable in the circumstances to appear personally before a judge or justice to make an application for a warrant under section 529.1 or an authorization under section 529 or 529.4, the warrant or authorization may be issued on an information submitted by telephone or other means of telecommunication and, for that purpose, section 487.1 applies, with any modifications that the circumstances require, to the warrant or authorization.

  • 1997, c. 39, s. 2

PART XVIILanguage of Accused

Marginal note:Language of accused

  •  (1) On application by an accused whose language is one of the official languages of Canada, made not later than the time of the appearance of the accused at which their trial date is set, a judge, provincial court judge, judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice or justice of the peace shall grant an order directing that the accused be tried before a justice of the peace, provincial court judge, judge or judge and jury, as the case may be, who speak the official language of Canada that is the language of the accused or, if the circumstances warrant, who speak both official languages of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (2) On application by an accused whose language is not one of the official languages of Canada, made not later than the time of the appearance of the accused at which their trial date is set, a judge, provincial court judge, judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice or justice of the peace may grant an order directing that the accused be tried before a justice of the peace, provincial court judge, judge or judge and jury, as the case may be, who speak the official language of Canada in which the accused, in the opinion of the judge, provincial court judge, judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice or justice of the peace, can best give testimony or, if the circumstances warrant, who speak both official languages of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Accused to be advised of right

    (3) The judge, provincial court judge, judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice or justice of the peace before whom an accused first appears shall ensure that they are advised of their right to apply for an order under subsection (1) or (2) and of the time before which such an application must be made.

  • Marginal note:Remand

    (4) If an accused fails to apply for an order under subsection (1) or (2) and the judge, provincial court judge, judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice or justice of the peace before whom the accused is to be tried, in this Part referred to as “the court”, is satisfied that it is in the best interests of justice that the accused be tried before a justice of the peace, provincial court judge, judge or judge and jury who speak the official language of Canada that is the language of the accused or, if the language of the accused is not one of the official languages of Canada, the official language of Canada in which the accused, in the opinion of the court, can best give testimony, the court may, if it does not speak that language, by order remand the accused to be tried by a justice of the peace, provincial court judge, judge or judge and jury, as the case may be, who speak that language or, if the circumstances warrant, who speak both official languages of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Variation of order

    (5) An order under this section that a trial be held in one of the official languages of Canada may, if the circumstances warrant, be varied by the court to require that it be held in both official languages of Canada, and vice versa.

  • Marginal note:Circumstances warranting order directing trial in both official languages

    (6) The facts that two or more accused who are to be tried together are each entitled to be tried before a justice of the peace, provincial court judge, judge or judge and jury who speak one of the official languages of Canada and that those official languages are different may constitute circumstances that warrant that an order be granted directing that they be tried before a justice of the peace, provincial court judge, judge or judge and jury who speak both official languages of Canada.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 530
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), ss. 94, 203
  • 1999, c. 3, s. 34
  • 2008, c. 18, s. 18
  • 2019, c. 25, s. 237

Marginal note:Translation of documents

  •  (1) If an order is granted under section 530, a prosecutor — other than a private prosecutor — shall, on application by the accused,

    • (a) cause the portions of an information or indictment against the accused that are in an official language that is not that of the accused or that in which the accused can best give testimony to be translated into the other official language; and

    • (b) provide the accused with a written copy of the translated text at the earliest possible time.

  • Marginal note:Original version prevails

    (2) In the case of a discrepancy between the original version of a document and the translated text, the original version shall prevail.

  • 2008, c. 18, s. 19

Marginal note:If order granted

 If an order is granted under section 530,

  • (a) the accused and his counsel have the right to use either official language for all purposes during the preliminary inquiry and trial of the accused;

  • (b) the accused and his counsel may use either official language in written pleadings or other documents used in any proceedings relating to the preliminary inquiry or trial of the accused;

  • (c) any witness may give evidence in either official language during the preliminary inquiry or trial;

  • (c.1) the presiding justice or judge may, if the circumstances warrant, authorize the prosecutor to examine or cross-examine a witness in the official language of the witness even though it is not that of the accused or that in which the accused can best give testimony;

  • (d) the accused has a right to have a justice presiding over the preliminary inquiry who speaks the official language of the accused or both official languages, as the case may be;

  • (e) the accused has a right to have a prosecutor — other than a private prosecutor — who speaks the official language of the accused or both official languages, as the case may be;

  • (f) the court shall make interpreters available to assist the accused, his counsel or any witness during the preliminary inquiry or trial;

  • (g) the record of proceedings during the preliminary inquiry or trial shall include

    • (i) a transcript of everything that was said during those proceedings in the official language in which it was said,

    • (ii) a transcript of any interpretation into the other official language of what was said, and

    • (iii) any documentary evidence that was tendered during those proceedings in the official language in which it was tendered; and

  • (h) any trial judgment, including any reasons given therefor, issued in writing in either official language, shall be made available by the court in the official language that is the language of the accused.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 31 (4th Supp.), s. 94
  • 2008, c. 18, s. 20
 
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