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Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

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Act current to 2024-04-01 and last amended on 2024-01-14. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Operation while impaired

  •  (1) Everyone commits an offence who

    • (a) operates a conveyance while the person’s ability to operate it is impaired to any degree by alcohol or a drug or by a combination of alcohol and a drug;

    • (b) subject to subsection (5), has, within two hours after ceasing to operate a conveyance, a blood alcohol concentration that is equal to or exceeds 80 mg of alcohol in 100 mL of blood;

    • (c) subject to subsection (6), has, within two hours after ceasing to operate a conveyance, a blood drug concentration that is equal to or exceeds the blood drug concentration for the drug that is prescribed by regulation; or

    • (d) subject to subsection (7), has, within two hours after ceasing to operate a conveyance, a blood alcohol concentration and a blood drug concentration that is equal to or exceeds the blood alcohol concentration and the blood drug concentration for the drug that are prescribed by regulation for instances where alcohol and that drug are combined.

  • Marginal note:Operation causing bodily harm

    (2) Everyone commits an offence who commits an offence under subsection (1) and who, while operating the conveyance, causes bodily harm to another person.

  • Marginal note:Operation causing death

    (3) Everyone commits an offence who commits an offence under subsection (1) and who, while operating the conveyance, causes the death of another person.

  • Marginal note:Operation — low blood drug concentration

    (4) Subject to subsection (6), everyone commits an offence who has, within two hours after ceasing to operate a conveyance, a blood drug concentration that is equal to or exceeds the blood drug concentration for the drug that is prescribed by regulation and that is less than the concentration prescribed for the purposes of paragraph (1)(c).

  • Marginal note:Exception — alcohol

    (5) No person commits an offence under paragraph (1)(b) if

    • (a) they consumed alcohol after ceasing to operate the conveyance;

    • (b) after ceasing to operate the conveyance, they had no reasonable expectation that they would be required to provide a sample of breath or blood; and

    • (c) their alcohol consumption is consistent with their blood alcohol concentration as determined in accordance with subsection 320.31(1) or (2) and with their having had, at the time when they were operating the conveyance, a blood alcohol concentration that was less than 80 mg of alcohol in 100 mL of blood.

  • Marginal note:Exception — drugs

    (6) No person commits an offence under paragraph (1)(c) or subsection (4) if

    • (a) they consumed the drug after ceasing to operate the conveyance; and

    • (b) after ceasing to operate the conveyance, they had no reasonable expectation that they would be required to provide a sample of a bodily substance.

  • Marginal note:Exception — combination of alcohol and drug

    (7) No person commits an offence under paragraph (1)(d) if

    • (a) they consumed the drug or the alcohol or both after ceasing to operate the conveyance;

    • (b) after ceasing to operate the conveyance, they had no reasonable expectation that they would be required to provide a sample of a bodily substance; and

    • (c) their alcohol consumption is consistent with their blood alcohol concentration as determined in accordance with subsection 320.31(1) or (2) and with their having had, at the time when they were operating the conveyance, a blood alcohol concentration less than the blood alcohol concentration established under paragraph 320.38(c).

  • 2018, c. 21, s. 15

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