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Canada Elections Act (S.C. 2000, c. 9)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2019-08-15 and last amended on 2019-06-13. Previous Versions

PART 5Conduct of an Election (continued)

Writs of Election (continued)

Marginal note:Writs forwarded to returning officer

 The Chief Electoral Officer shall issue a writ in Form 1 of Schedule 1 to the returning officer for the electoral district in which the election is to be held without delay after the proclamation is issued or the order is made under section 57.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 58
  • 2001, c. 21, s. 6
  • 2007, c. 10, s. 3

Marginal note:Withdrawal of writ

  •  (1) The Governor in Council may order the withdrawal of a writ for any electoral district for which the Chief Electoral Officer certifies that by reason of a flood, fire or other disaster it is impracticable to carry out the provisions of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Duties of Chief Electoral Officer

    (2) If the Governor in Council orders the withdrawal of a writ, the Chief Electoral Officer shall publish a notice of the withdrawal in the Canada Gazette and, on being ordered by the Governor in Council to do so, shall, within three months after the date of publication of the notice, issue a new writ ordering an election to be held.

  • Marginal note:Polling day

    (3) The day named in the new writ for polling day is determined by the Governor in Council, but may be no later than the 50th day after the day on which the new writ was issued.

  • Marginal note:Postponement of election and new polling day

    (4) If the Chief Electoral Officer certifies that by reason of a flood, fire or other disaster it is impracticable to carry out the provisions of this Act with regard to an electoral district, but the Governor in Council is of the opinion that the withdrawal of the writ under subsection (1) is not warranted, the Governor in Council may, by order, postpone the election by up to seven days for that electoral district and, correspondingly, extend the election period and fix the date for the new polling day.

  • Marginal note:Postponement of election — rules

    (5) If the Governor in Council orders the postponement of an election for an electoral district under subsection (4), then, in respect of that electoral district, the following rules apply in respect of any time period before polling day specified under this Act:

    • (a) if this Act authorizes or requires anything to be done on a day that is a certain number of days before polling day or done within a period that ends before polling day, and the day occurs or the period ends before the day on which the postponement order is made, then polling day is deemed to still be the day fixed under paragraph 57(1.2)(c) and not the day fixed under subsection (4);

    • (b) if this Act authorizes or requires anything to be done within a period that ends on or before polling day and the period ends on or after the day on which the postponement order is made, then

      • (i) anything done as authorized or required on or before the day on which the postponement order is made is valid, and

      • (ii) in respect of anything not done as authorized or required on or before that day, the period during which the thing is authorized or required to be done is extended by the number of days by which the election is postponed;

    • (c) if this Act authorizes or requires anything to be done on a day that is a certain number of days before polling day and that day occurs on the day on which the postponement order is made, then

      • (i) anything done as authorized or required on that day is valid, and

      • (ii) in respect of anything not done as authorized or required on that day, the day on which the thing is authorized or required to be done is postponed by the number of days by which the election is postponed;

    • (d) if a period is extended under subparagraph (b)(ii) or a day is postponed under subparagraph (c)(ii), then any mention of a number of days before polling day prevails over any mention of a day of the week before polling day; and

    • (e) for the purposes of this subsection, if the original polling day fixed under paragraph 57(1.2)(c) is a Tuesday because of section 56.2 or subsection 57(4), it is deemed to be a Monday.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 59
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 48

Marginal note:Returning officer to open and maintain office

  •  (1) Every returning officer shall, without delay after receiving the writ or notice by the Chief Electoral Officer of the issue of the writ, open an office in premises that are accessible to electors with a disability in a convenient place in the electoral district and shall maintain the office throughout the election period.

  • Marginal note:Hours

    (2) The Chief Electoral Officer may fix the hours that the office must be open and the minimum number of hours of compulsory attendance at it by the returning officer and the assistant returning officer.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 60
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 49

Marginal note:Appointment of staff

  •  (1) The Chief Electoral Officer may authorize returning officers to appoint the staff that they consider necessary for the purposes of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Employment of staff

    (2) Staff mentioned in subsection (1) shall

    • (a) be appointed in the prescribed form;

    • (b) make a solemn declaration in the prescribed form; and

    • (c) be discharged as soon as their services are no longer needed.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 61
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 50

Notice of Election by Returning Officer

Marginal note:Notice of election

 Within four days after the issue of the writ, each returning officer shall sign and issue a Notice of Election in Form 2 of Schedule 1 that indicates

  • (a) the deadline for the receipt of nominations;

  • (b) the date for polling day;

  • (c) the date and time, not later than seven days after polling day, for the validation of results; and

  • (d) the address of the returning officer’s office.

Return by Acclamation

Marginal note:Return by acclamation

  •  (1) When, as of 2:00 p.m. on the 19th day before polling day, the returning officer has confirmed a nomination for only one candidate, the returning officer shall

    • (a) without delay declare the candidate elected by endorsing the return of the writ in the prescribed form on the back of the writ and returning it to the Chief Electoral Officer; and

    • (b) within 48 hours after the return of the writ, send a certified copy of it to the elected candidate.

  • Marginal note:Report with return

    (2) When the returning officer returns the writ to the Chief Electoral Officer, the returning officer shall include with it a report of the proceedings during the election period, including any nomination proposed and rejected for non-compliance with this Act.

Holding of an Election

Marginal note:Holding of election

  •  (1) If the nomination of more than one candidate is confirmed in an electoral district, an election shall be held.

  • Marginal note:Notice of grant of a poll

    (2) The returning officer shall, within five days after the closing day for nominations, if more than one candidate is nominated, post in the returning office a notice of grant of a poll in the prescribed form that indicates

    • (a) the name and political affiliation, if any, of each candidate, as stated in the nomination papers, in the order in which their names are to be placed on the ballots;

    • (b) the name of the official agent for each candidate, as stated in the nomination papers; and

    • (c) the name, if any, and the number of each of the polling divisions and the addresses of the polling stations in that electoral district.

  • Marginal note:Notice to election officers

    (3) The returning officer shall make the notice of grant of a poll available to, for each polling station, an election officer who is assigned to work in the polling station. The election officer shall post the notice in the polling station.

  • Marginal note:Documents to candidates

    (4) The returning officer shall send to each candidate, on the later of the 31st day before polling day and the day on which the candidate’s nomination is confirmed, up to 10 copies of a document that sets out a description of the boundaries of the polling divisions in the electoral district.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 64
  • 2014, c. 12, s. 24
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 51

PART 6Candidates

Qualifications

Marginal note:Ineligible candidates

 The following persons are not eligible to be a candidate:

  • (a) a person who is not qualified as an elector on the date on which his or her nomination paper is filed;

  • (b) a person who is disentitled under paragraph 502(3)(a) while they are so disentitled;

  • (c) a member of the legislative assembly of a province;

  • (d) [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 52]

  • (e) the Chief Electoral Officer;

  • (f) a judge appointed by the Governor in Council, other than a citizenship judge appointed under the Citizenship Act;

  • (g) a person who is imprisoned in a correctional institution;

  • (h) an election officer; and

  • (i) a person who was a candidate in a previous election and for whom a return, report, document or declaration has not been provided under subsection 477.59(1), if the time and any extension for providing it have expired.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 65
  • 2002, c. 7, s. 92
  • 2014, c. 2, s. 49, c. 12, s. 25
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 52
 
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