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Canada Elections Act (S.C. 2000, c. 9)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2019-06-13. Previous Versions

PART 9Voting (continued)

Polling Day (continued)

Proceedings at the Poll (continued)

Marginal note:Counting of ballots before opening of poll

 Candidates or their representatives who are in attendance at least 15 minutes before a polling station opens are entitled to have the ballots intended to be used at the polling station carefully counted in their presence and to inspect the ballots and all other documents relating to the vote.

Marginal note:Examining and sealing ballot box

 When the polling station opens, an election officer who is assigned to the polling station shall, in full view of the candidates or their representatives who are present, open the ballot box and ascertain that it is empty, and shall

  • (a) seal the ballot box with the seals provided by the Chief Electoral Officer; and

  • (b) place the ballot box on a table in full view of all present and ensure that the box remains there until the polling station closes.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 140
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 91

Admitting Voters

Marginal note:Calling electors

 Immediately after the ballot box is sealed, an election officer who is assigned to the polling station shall call on the electors to vote.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 141
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 92

Marginal note:Electors not to be impeded

 An election officer who is assigned to the polling station shall ensure that every elector is admitted into the polling station and that the electors are not disturbed when they are in or near the polling station.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 142
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 92

Marginal note:Elector to give name and address

  •  (1) Each elector, in order to receive a ballot, shall give his or her name and address to an election officer who is assigned to the polling station, and, on request, to a candidate or a candidate’s representative.

  • Marginal note:Proof of identity and residence

    (2) If the election officer determines that the elector’s name and address appear on the list of electors or that the elector is allowed to vote under section 146, 147, 148 or 149, then, subject to subsection (3), the elector shall provide the election officer with the following proof of his or her identity and residence:

    • (a) one piece of identification issued by a Canadian government, whether federal, provincial or local, or an agency of such a government, that contains a photograph of the elector and his or her name and address; or

    • (b) two pieces of identification of a type authorized under subsection (2.1), each of which establishes the elector’s name and at least one of which establishes the elector’s address.

  • Marginal note:Authorized types of identification

    (2.1) The Chief Electoral Officer may authorize types of identification for the purposes of paragraph (2)(b). For greater certainty, any document may be authorized, regardless of who issued it.

  • Marginal note:Person registered as an Indian

    (2.2) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(b), a document issued by the Government of Canada that certifies that a person is registered as an Indian under the Indian Act constitutes an authorized piece of identification.

  • Marginal note:Solemn declaration

    (3) An elector may instead prove his or her identity and residence by making the solemn declaration referred to in subsection 549.1(1) in writing if he or she is accompanied by another elector whose name appears on the list of electors for the same polling station and who

    • (a) provides the election officer referred to in subsection (1) with the piece or pieces of identification referred to in paragraph (2)(a) or (b), respectively; and

    • (b) vouches for the elector by making the solemn declaration referred to in subsection 549.1(2) in writing.

  • Marginal note:Vouching for electors in long-term care institution

    (3.01) If an elector who resides in an institution for seniors or persons with a disability wishes to prove his or her identity and residence under subsection (3), the other elector referred to in that subsection who accompanies him or her may be an employee of the institution who resides — despite that subsection — in any polling division in the elector’s electoral district or an adjacent electoral district.

  • Marginal note:Definition of employee

    (3.02) In subsection (3.01), employee includes an owner of the institution and any person who occupies a management position at the institution.

  • Marginal note:Proof of residence

    (3.1) If the address contained in the piece or pieces of identification provided under subsection (2) or paragraph (3)(a) does not prove the elector’s residence but is consistent with information related to the elector that appears on the list of electors, the elector’s residence is deemed to have been proven.

  • Marginal note:Request to make solemn declaration

    (3.2) Despite subsection (3.1), if the election officer referred to in subsection (1), a candidate or a candidate’s representative has reasonable doubts concerning the residence of an elector referred to in subsection (3.1), the officer, candidate or representative may request that the elector make the solemn declaration referred to in subsection 549.1(1) in writing, in which case the elector’s residence is deemed to have been proven only if he or she makes that solemn declaration.

  • Marginal note:Examination of identification documents

    (3.3) A candidate or their representative may examine but not handle any piece of identification presented under this section.

  • Marginal note:Voting

    (4) If the election officer is satisfied that an elector’s identity and residence have been proven in accordance with subsection (2), (3), (3.1) or (3.2), the elector’s name shall be crossed off the list and, subject to section 144, the elector shall be immediately allowed to vote.

  • (5) [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 93]

  • (6) [Repealed, 2018, c. 31, s. 93]

  • Marginal note:Publication

    (7) The Chief Electoral Officer shall publish each year, and within three days after the issue of a writ, in a manner that he or she considers appropriate, a notice setting out the types of identification that are authorized for the purpose of paragraph (2)(b). The first annual notice shall be published no later than six months after the coming into force of this subsection.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 143
  • 2007, c. 21, s. 21, c. 37, s. 1
  • 2014, c. 12, s. 46
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 93

Marginal note:Requirement before making solemn declaration — elector

  •  (1) If a person decides to prove his or her identity and residence by making the solemn declaration referred to in subsection 549.1(1) in writing, an election officer shall, before the person makes the solemn declaration, advise him or her in writing of the qualifications for electors and the penalty that may be imposed under this Act on a person who is found guilty of voting or attempting to vote at an election knowing that he or she is not qualified as an elector or who contravenes subsection 549(3).

  • Marginal note:Requirement before making solemn declaration — vouching for elector

    (2) If a person decides to vouch for an elector by making the solemn declaration referred to in subsection 549.1(2) in writing, an election officer shall, before the person makes the solemn declaration, advise him or her in writing of the penalty that may be imposed under this Act on a person who contravenes any of subsections 282.1(1) to (3) or 549(3).

  • 2007, c. 21, s. 21
  • 2014, c. 12, s. 47
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 94

Marginal note:Proof of qualification as elector

 If the election officer referred to in subsection 143(1), a candidate or a candidate’s representative has reasonable doubts concerning whether a person intending to vote is qualified as an elector, the officer, candidate or representative may request that the person make the solemn declaration referred to in subsection 549.1(1) in writing, in which case the person shall not be allowed to vote unless he or she makes that solemn declaration.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 144
  • 2007, c. 21, s. 21
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 94

Marginal note:Proof of identity, etc., or oath not required

 Once an elector has been given a ballot, no person shall require the elector to prove his or her identity and residence in accordance with subsection 143(2) or (3).

  • 2007, c. 21, s. 21

 [Repealed, 2007, c. 21, s. 21]

Marginal note:Name and address corresponding closely to another

 If the name and address of a person who asks for a ballot do not appear in the list of electors but a different name and address in that list correspond so closely as to suggest that they are intended to refer to that person, the person shall not be allowed to vote unless he or she makes a solemn declaration in the prescribed form.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 146
  • 2007, c. 21, s. 22
  • 2018, c. 31, s. 95
 
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