Large Fishing Vessel Inspection Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1435)

Regulations are current to 2019-07-01 and last amended on 2017-02-03. Previous Versions

Underwater Fittings

  •  (1) Valves or cocks shall be fitted to all suctions and discharges that pass through the hull of a fishing vessel below the weatherdeck.

  • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to

    • (a) pump discharges of 38 mm or less in internal diameter that are situated above the load water line;

    • (b) keel cooling systems; or

    • (c) scuppers and discharges that pass from the weatherdeck to the ship’s side above the load water line.

  • (3) The valves or cocks required by subsection (1) shall be fitted as close to the side of the fishing vessel as possible.

  • (4) Suction and discharge valves and cocks on a steel fishing vessel shall be attached to the plating of the hull or to the plating of fabricated water boxes by

    • (a) bolts with countersunk heads tapped through the plating, or

    • (b) studs that are screwed into heavy steel pads welded or riveted to the plating and that do not penetrate the plating,

    and such valves or cocks shall be fitted with spigots passing through the plating.

  • (5) Where sea valves are provided with clearing connections from steam or compressed air lines, the scantlings of the valves and the valve stools, if fitted, shall be suitable for the maximum pressure to which the valves or stools may be subjected.

  • (6) Boiler blow-down valves or cocks on the ship’s side shall be fitted above the stokehold plates, in an accessible position, shall be so arranged that it can readily be seen whether they are open or shut, and the handles shall be so made that they cannot be removed unless the valves or cocks are shut.

  • (7) Suction and discharge valves and cocks on a wooden fishing vessel shall be attached to the hull by the methods prescribed by the Board as set out in Schedule VI or any other method accepted by the Board after full particulars have been submitted to it.

  • (8) Side scuppers shall not be fitted from the tween deck area of a fishing vessel when the tween deck is situated less than 760 mm or two per cent of the length, whichever is the greater, above the deepest load water line.

  • (9) Where the tween deck of a fishing vessel is situated at least 760 mm or two per cent of the length, whichever is the greater, above the deepest load water line, side scuppers may be fitted if an automatic non-return valve with positive means of closing it from the tween deck space and with extended spindles to the weatherdeck is fitted to each scupper.

  • (10) The means of closing the valve referred to in subsection (9) shall be readily accessible and an indicator showing whether the valve is open or closed shall be provided at both decks.

  • (11) Where side scuppers are not fitted on a fishing vessel, drainage sumps connected directly to the suction of the offal pump, or to a similar pump, shall be provided at the forward and after ends of the fish processing tween deck area.

  • (12) The pump to which the drainage sumps required by subsection (11) are connected shall be automatic and so arranged that the pump will start to operate whenever water is present in the drainage sumps.

  • (13) An audible alarm that operates only when water in the drainage sumps does not activate the pump in accordance with subsection (12) shall be provided in the wheelhouse.

  • (14) An emergency method of draining the sumps that is independent of the fire or bilge system shall be provided.

  • SOR/80-249, s. 9

Stern Bearings

 Stern bearing assemblies on a fishing vessel shall consist of

  • (a) a stern bearing not less than 3 1/2 shaft diameters in length;

  • (b) a gland situated inside the fishing vessel; and

  • (c) a watertight tube fitted between the bearing and the gland.

Tests of Watertight Compartments

 Before a steel fishing vessel is launched, the compartments within the main hull shall, before the cementing is commenced, be subjected to hose or pressure tests as follows:

  • (a) double bottoms that are not to be used for the carrying of oil shall be tested to a head of water equal to the maximum head that can be experienced in service;

  • (b) deep tanks and peak tanks used for carrying water, and deep tanks and double bottom tanks arranged for carrying oil fuel shall be tested to a head of water equal to the maximum head to which the tanks can be subjected in service, but not less than 2.44 m above the crown of the tanks where the moulded depth to the strength deck exceeds 4.88 m, and 915 mm where the moulded depth does not exceed 3.05 m; intermediate heads may be obtained by interpolation between 4.88 and 3.05 m;

  • (c) peak bulkheads that do not form the boundaries of tanks shall be tested by filling the peaks with water to the level of the load water line;

  • (d) watertight bulkheads, including recesses and watertight flats, watertight tunnels, weatherdecks and waterways, shall be hose tested; the pressure of water in the hose shall not be less than 207 kPa;

  • (e) watertight doors shall be tried under working conditions and hose tested; the pressure in the hose shall not be less than 207 kPa.

  • SOR/80-249, s. 10

Bulkheads

  •  (1) Every fishing vessel shall be fitted with not less than three suitably spaced main transverse watertight bulkheads extending from the keel or horn timber to the weatherdeck, located as follows:

    • (a) in the case of fishing vessels not more than 35.1 m in length, one bulkhead shall be located at a distance from the intersection of the stem and load water line of not less than one-twentieth and not more than one-third of the length;

    • (b) in the case of fishing vessels more than 35.1 m in length, one bulkhead shall be located at a distance from the intersection of the stem and load water line of not more than 3.05 m plus one-twentieth of the length in metres;

    • (c) the other two bulkheads shall be located aft of the one mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b) at positions suitable to the design of the vessel and in accordance with the plans submitted to and approved by the Board.

  • (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), where a fishing vessel has a completely enclosed tween deck space that is

    • (a) used as a fish processing area, and

    • (b) located entirely above the deepest load water line,

    the bulkheads specified in paragraph (1)(c) are not required to be watertight above the lower deck of the tween deck space.

  • (3) Openings in watertight bulkheads shall be fitted with watertight doors of ample strength to withstand the water pressure to which they may be subjected and they shall be carefully fitted and constructed.

  • (4) Where a crew space is below the main deck and adjoins or is connected to the engine room in any way, the bulkheads and decks between the engine room and the crew space shall be so constructed as to prevent the infiltration of fumes into the crew space, either by being made watertight or by the close-fitting of the materials, and any doors fitted in those bulkheads and decks shall be close fitting and as efficient in preventing the infiltration of fumes as the bulkhead or deck in which they are fitted.

  • SOR/80-249, s. 11

 To control the movement of fish carried in bulk, every fishing vessel engaged in the carriage of herring or capelin in bulk shall be provided with both longitudinal and transverse portable fish hold divisions that meet the requirements set out in Schedule X.

  • SOR/78-918, s. 3

Hatches

  •  (1) Scantlings of hatch coamings, beams and covers of a fishing vessel shall not be less than those set forth in Schedule II.

  • (2) Hatchways shall be provided with efficient means for battening them down and making them watertight.

  • (3) Flush deck scuttles on a fishing vessel shall be watertight and strongly constructed of steel, bronze or aluminum and shall have effectively secured covers that are retained on hinges or by a chain that is permanently attached to the ship’s structure.

  • (4) Non-ferrous deck scuttles in a steel vessel shall be properly isolated from the steel structure of the vessel.

  • SOR/81-490, s. 2
  • SOR/90-241, s. 1

Ventilators

 Ventilators on a fishing vessel shall be sufficient in number and size to provide adequate ventilation for all spaces.

Door Sills, Doorways, Side Scuttles, Wheelhouse Windows and Escape Hatches

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the sills of doors giving access to the main hull shall have a minimum height of 300 mm.

  • (2) Where doors are situated on top of any superstructure, deckhouse or raised forecastle the height of sills giving access to the main hull shall not be less than 150 mm.

  • (3) Side scuttles fitted below the weatherdeck shall be equipped with

    • (a) deadlights, where the diameter of the glass exceeds 150 mm; and

    • (b) deadlights or wooden plugs, where the diameter of the glass does not exceed 150 mm.

  • (4) Plate glass having a minimum thickness of 6 mm shall be fitted in the wheelhouse windows of

    • (a) all new fishing vessels; and

    • (b) existing fishing vessels when replacement of these windows becomes necessary.

  • (5) In the case of a fishing vessel that proceeds more than 20 nautical miles from land, where there is no other means of preventing water from entering the main hull by way of a broken window or side scuttle that is situated above the weather deck, there shall be provided

    • (a) storm shutters for windows;

    • (b) deadlights or portable steel plates for side scuttles where the diameter of the glass is more than 152 mm; and

    • (c) deadlights, portable steel plates or wooden plugs for side scuttles where the diameter of the glass is not more than 152 mm.

  • (6) Subsection (5) does not apply to

    • (a) side scuttles or windows, other than forward wheel-house windows, the sills of which are more than 2.59 m above the weatherdeck; or

    • (b) any side scuttle or window if, in the opinion of the Board, the nature of the voyage makes those requirements unnecessary.

  • (7) Doors giving access to the main hull shall be strongly constructed and hung on substantial hinges, and locking arrangements shall be such that a door can be opened from either side.

  • (8) Where entrance to the crew space is by way of the engine room, an escape hatch shall be fitted from the crew space to the open deck.

  • (8.1) Subject to subsection (8.3), a fishing vessel shall have at least two means of escape, including the main entrance, in each crew space and area in which the crew may be normally employed.

  • (8.2) For the purposes of subsection (8.1), one of the means of escape shall be located as far as possible from the main entrance and may be a window or a scuttle that is of sufficient proportions to provide for easy exit by the crew members and that is capable of being retained in an open position by mechanical means while being used as an escape route.

  • (8.3) The requirements of subsections (8.1) and (8.2) do not apply

    • (a) in respect of a fishing vessel the keel of which was laid before September 1, 1989; or

    • (b) where a second means of escape is not practicable owing to size limitations or to the use of the space or area in which the crew may be normally employed.

  • (9) Where a single entrance only is provided to a crew space, an emergency escape hatch shall be fitted as near as possible to the centre line of the ship, but if, in the opinion of the Chairman, the fitting of such escape hatch is impracticable, the single entrance shall be of sufficient proportions to provide for easy exit for the number of men berthed and shall be as near the centre line of the ship as is practicable.

  • (10) Where a single entrance only is provided to an engine room, an emergency escape hatch shall be fitted as near as possible to the centre line of the ship.

  • (11) Where there is a direct access from the wheelhouse to the main hull or accommodation spaces of a fishing vessel, a gastight door shall be fitted to protect the wheelhouse from smoke in case of fire.

  • (12) Where the wheelhouse of a fishing vessel is provided with a forced ventilation system, the supply duct shall be fitted with a manually operated fire damper at the bulkhead capable of being operated from inside the wheelhouse and a remote trip of the ventilation supply fan shall be installed inside the wheelhouse.

  • SOR/80-249, s. 12
  • SOR/81-490, s. 3
  • SOR/90-241, s. 2
  • SOR/95-372, s. 7
 
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