Large Fishing Vessel Inspection Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1435)
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Regulations are current to 2023-05-17 and last amended on 2023-02-21. Previous Versions
24.1 (1) A fishing vessel engaged on a voyage beyond the VHF coverage area or beyond sea area A1 as defined in Chapter IV of the Safety Convention shall carry
(a) if the fishing vessel is 500 tons gross tonnage or over, two SARTs stowed so that they are readily accessible for immediate use and for placing in the two survival craft that are launched first; and
(b) if the fishing vessel is 300 tons gross tonnage or over but less than 500 tons, one SART stowed so that it is readily accessible for immediate use and for placing in one of the survival craft that are launched first.
(2) A fishing vessel engaged on a foreign voyage or a home-trade voyage, Class I, shall carry one SART that is stowed so that it is readily accessible for immediate use and for placing in one of the survival craft that are launched first.
(3) Every SART carried on a fishing vessel shall meet the requirements of sections 222 and 231 of the Navigation Safety Regulations, 2020.
(4) Every SART carried on a fishing vessel shall be inspected and tested in accordance with the requirements of subsection 239(2) of the Navigation Safety Regulations, 2020.
(5) Despite subsection (2), a fishing vessel that is less than 300 tons gross tonnage and that on March 31, 2001, was required by these Regulations to carry two Class II EPIRBs may continue to carry them instead of a SART until one of the batteries of the Class II EPIRBs needs to be replaced if
(a) the Class II EPIRBs meet the requirements of sections 222 and 228 to 230 of the Navigation Safety Regulations, 2020; and
(b) the Class II EPIRBs are inspected and tested in accordance with the requirements of subsection 239(1) of the Navigation Safety Regulations, 2020.
- SOR/96-216, s. 4
- SOR/2000-263, s. 3
- SOR/2020-216, s. 401
VHF Radiotelephone Apparatus
24.2 (1) A fishing vessel engaged in a home-trade voyage, Class III, or a voyage that goes beyond a home-trade voyage, Class III, shall carry
(a) if the fishing vessel is 500 tons gross tonnage or over, three survival craft VHF radiotelephone apparatus stowed so that they are readily accessible for immediate use; and
(b) if the fishing vessel is 300 tons gross tonnage or over but less than 500 tons, two survival craft VHF radiotelephone apparatus stowed so that they are readily accessible for immediate use.
(2) Every survival craft VHF radiotelephone apparatus carried on a fishing vessel shall meet the requirements of sections 222 and 232 of the Navigation Safety Regulations, 2020.
(3) Every survival craft VHF radiotelephone apparatus carried on a fishing vessel shall be tested in accordance with the requirements of subsection 239(3) of the Navigation Safety Regulations, 2020.
- SOR/2000-263, s. 3
- SOR/2020-216, s. 402
Fire Protection Arrangements
25 (1) Every fishing vessel shall be provided with one or more pumps with sufficient hydrants and fire hose whereby a powerful jet of water can be rapidly directed into any part of the vessel and the pumps, hydrants, hose and nozzles shall comply with the following requirements:
(a) the capacity of the pump or pumps shall not be less than one-third of the total power bilge pumping capacity required by these Regulations;
(b) the source of power for the pumps shall be independent of the main engines except that, where the main engines can be readily disconnected from the main propeller shafting by means of a clutch, they may be used as a source of power for the fire pump or pumps;
(c) bilge pumps, ballast pumps, general service pumps or any other pumps may be used as fire pumps if they comply with the requirements of these Regulations;
(d) fire pumps shall be so connected that they cannot be used for pumping oil;
(e) relief valves shall be so placed and adjusted as to prevent excessive pressure in any part of the piping but such relief valves need not be fitted where centrifugal pumps are used and an inspector is satisfied that the water service pipes are adequate for the maximum pressure the pumps can develop;
(f) the piping shall have an internal diameter of not less than 38 mm and shall be made of steel, bronze or other material that, in the opinion of the Board, is suitable for the purpose, and if ferrous material is used it shall be galvanized except where the fishing vessels are employed principally in fresh water;
(g) hydrants shall be fitted in such number and position that the jet of water can be provided by a hose not more than 18.3 m in length and each hydrant shall be equipped with a cock or valve;
(h) fire hoses shall have an internal diameter of not less than 38 mm and shall be in lengths of not more than 18.3 m; they shall be made of seamless hemp, closely woven flax canvas, rubber or other material that, in the opinion of the Board, is suitable for the purpose; they shall be fitted with couplings, conductors, valve keys and other necessary fittings, and shall be located in conspicuous positions;
(i) the nozzle shall have an internal diameter at the smallest part of not less than one-eighth of the minimum internal diameter required by these Regulations for the bilge piping; and
(j) the jet of water shall have a horizontal range of at least 12.2 m.
(2) Subject to subsection (11), each space occupied by the crew in a fishing vessel shall be equipped with one 9 L soda acid fire extinguisher, one 9 L foam fire extinguisher or one equivalent fire extinguisher.
(3) Every fishing vessel fitted with cooking or heating appliances located outside the machinery space shall, in addition to the other requirements of this section, be provided with one 4.5 L foam fire extinguisher or one equivalent fire extinguisher, as set forth in subsection (13), in each space in which such an appliance is located.
(4) Every fishing vessel propelled by internal combustion engines shall be equipped in the machinery spaces with
(a) two 9 L foam fire extinguishers or equivalent fire extinguishers, where the engines use oil having a flashpoint (Pensky-Marten, closed cup) of not less than 52°C; or
(b) three 9 L foam fire extinguishers or equivalent fire extinguishers, where the engines use oil having a flashpoint (Pensky-Marten, closed cup) of less than 52°C; and
(c) if the vessel is equipped with an oil fired boiler, one 9 L foam fire extinguisher or equivalent fire extinguisher for each burner, which extinguisher shall be stowed adjacent to the boiler.
(5) Every fishing vessel propelled by steam engines and equipped with oil fired boilers shall be equipped in the boiler room with
(a) four 9 L foam fire extinguishers or equivalent fire extinguishers; and
(b) a receptacle containing an adequate quantity of sand or other dry material suitable for quenching oil fires and a scoop for distributing that material.
(6) Every fishing vessel shall be provided with four fire buckets and two fire axes.
(7) Every fishing vessel provided with a liquefied petroleum gas installation shall comply with the Marine Machinery Regulations.
(8) Every fire extinguisher required by these Regulations shall be of a type approved by
(a) the Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada;
(b) the Department of Trade and Industry of Great Britain;
(c) the United States Coast Guard; or
(d) the Board.
(9) Every fire extinguisher provided in compliance with these Regulations shall at all times be kept fully charged (carbon dioxide in steel bottles shall be replenished if the loss of gas exceeds 10 per cent of the original charge as stamped on the bottle).
(10) Fire extinguishers shall, if possible, be stowed near the entrance to the space where they are intended to be used.
(11) Fire extinguishers in which the extinguishing medium is stored under pressure shall not be located in any crew living quarters.
(12) A notice shall be posted on or adjacent to every vapourizing liquid fire extinguisher indicating that if the extinguisher is used for extinguishing fire in a confined space dangerous fumes will be given off that should not be inhaled.
(13) For the purposes of this section, a carbon dioxide or dry chemical fire extinguisher is equivalent to a foam fire extinguisher if it has the capacity set out opposite the foam fire extinguisher capacity in Table II of Schedule IX.
(14) Appliances that burn liquid or gaseous fuel shall be so fitted that there is a free circulation of air all around and below the appliance.
(15) Wooden bulkheads behind cooking or heating appliances shall be insulated where an inspector considers it to be necessary.
(16) All exposed surfaces in corridors, stairway enclosures and control stations and surfaces in concealed or inaccessible spaces in accommodation and service spaces in a fishing vessel shall have low flame spread characteristics.
(17) Paints, varnishes or similar preparations shall not be used on a fishing vessel if they contain a nitro-cellulose base.
(18) Deck surfaces of a fishing vessel within accommodation spaces, control stations, corridors and service spaces, shall have low flame spread characteristics.
(18.1) Notwithstanding subsections (16) and (18), in respect of a vessel built before February 15, 1977, those subsections apply only to the materials used after that date in the maintenance of and the repairs and modifications to the surfaces referred to therein.
(19) For the purposes of this section,
- control station
control station means every enclosed or partially enclosed space in which the ship’s radio, main navigating equipment or emergency source of power is located; poste de sécurité
- low flame spread characteristic
low flame spread characteristic, with reference to a surface, means that the surface has a flame spread rating not in excess of 20, when tested in accordance with the requirements contained in the most recent issue of Structural Fire Protection Standards — Specifications, Procedures and Testing published by the Department of Transport; faible taux de propagation de la flamme
- service spaces
service spaces means
(a) spaces used for galleys, pantries, stores and workshops other than those forming part of machinery spaces, and
(b) spaces similar to those described in paragraph (a),
and includes trunks to any such spaces. locaux de service
- SOR/78-78, s. 3
- SOR/80-249, s. 15
- SOR/95-372, s. 7
26 Every vessel, the construction of which is commenced after May 31, 1974, shall be fitted with a carbon dioxide smothering system that
(a) discharges into the machinery space; and
(b) complies with the requirements of section 3 of Schedule III to the Fire Detection and Extinguishing Equipment Regulations, as they read immediately before being repealed.
- SOR/2017-14, s. 408
Lights, Signals and Navigating Equipment
27 (1) Every fishing vessel fitted with electric navigation lights shall be provided with
(a) spare oil-burning port, starboard, mast and stern lights; or
(b) two independent sources of electrical power supply and two independent systems of wiring to the port, starboard, mast and stern lights.
(2) Every fishing vessel shall carry 12 Type A distress signals as defined in section 2 of the Life Saving Equipment Regulations.
(3) Every fishing vessel shall carry navigating equipment that satisfies the requirements of the Navigating Appliances Regulations.
(4) Every fishing vessel shall carry sufficient lights and equipment to comply with the Collision Regulations.
- SOR/84-327, s. 1
Anchors and Cables
28 (1) Subject to this section, every fishing vessel shall carry a total anchor of not less than that derived from the following formulae:
(a) for cubic number up to 566 W = 0.64 CN,
(b) for cubic number over 566 W = 0.48 CN + 91,
(c) W = total anchor weight in kilograms,
(d) CN= cubic number (L × B × D),
(e) L = length of vessel in metres as defined in section 2,
(f) B = greatest breadth of vessel in metres, measured to the inside of planking or plating, and
(g) D = the depth of the vessel in metres, measured at amidships from the top of keel to the top of the deck beam at side except that in the case of a vessel that has a raised deck aft that extends forward of amidships, the depth D shall be measured to the line of that deck and in the case of an open construction vessel, the depth D shall be measured to the top of the gunwale.
(2) Where approved patent anchors are adopted, 40 per cent of the total anchor weight shall be deducted but the length and size of the anchor cable shall be based on the normal anchor weight.
(3) Where “W” is more than 135 kg or 80 kg in the case of patent anchors, two anchors shall be carried.
(4) Where two anchors are carried, the weight of the main anchor shall not be less than 60 per cent of “W” and that of the second anchor shall not be less than 40 per cent of “W”.
(5) Trawl boards or scallop nets used in normal fishing operations may be used on a fishing vessel in lieu of the anchors if they do not weigh less than the required total anchor weight, and in such case the trawl board or scallop net cable used may be accepted in lieu of the anchor cable required by subsection (7).
(6) A windlass or winch shall be provided on a fishing vessel that carries an anchor weighing more than 70 kg or, if a winch normally used for fishing operations can be used, it may be accepted in lieu of an anchor windlass.
(7) Subject to subsection (5), an anchor cable of link chain, wire rope, manilla rope or other rope of a material of equal or greater strength than manilla hemp, shall be carried and shall be in accordance with Schedule IV.
- SOR/80-249, s. 16
- SOR/82-348, s. 2
29 [Repealed, SOR/2021-135, s. 61]
30 [Repealed, SOR/2021-135, s. 61]
31 [Repealed, SOR/2021-135, s. 61]
32 [Repealed, SOR/2021-135, s. 61]
33 [Repealed, SOR/2021-135, s. 61]
34 [Repealed, SOR/2021-135, s. 61]
35 [Repealed, SOR/2021-135, s. 61]
36 [Repealed, SOR/2021-135, s. 61]
37 [Repealed, SOR/2021-135, s. 61]
38 [Repealed, SOR/2021-135, s. 61]
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