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Large Fishing Vessel Inspection Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1435)

Regulations are current to 2019-11-19 and last amended on 2017-02-03. Previous Versions

Door Sills, Doorways, Side Scuttles, Wheelhouse Windows and Escape Hatches (continued)

 Where a shaft tunnel access cover is fitted in a fish hold, it shall be fitted and secured in such a manner as to prevent dislodgment.

  • SOR/78-918, s. 4

Bulwarks

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), bulwarks, rails, chains, wire rope or any combination of these shall be fitted around the weatherdeck, at least 760 mm in height above the weatherdeck.

  • (2) The Chairman may allow the bulwarks, rails, chains and wire rope mentioned in subsection (1) to be portable or to be dispensed with, at his discretion, at places where, in his opinion, they would interfere with the fishing operations of the vessel.

  • (3) The bulwarks, rails, chains or wire rope referred to in subsection (1) may be less than 760 mm in height in way of deckhouses if suitable handrails are fitted on the sides of such deckhouses.

  • (4) Subject to subsections (5) to (7), where bulwarks on weather parts of the working deck form wells, the minimum freeing port area (expressed in m2) on each side of the vessel for each well on the working deck shall be not less than the lesser of

    • (a) 0.7 + 0.035 l, where l is 20 m or less, and

    • (b) 0.07 l, where l exceeds 20 m

    where l is the lesser of the length of bulwark in the well and 70 per cent of the length of the vessel.

  • (5) Where the height of the bulwark in a well on the working deck is more than 1 200 mm, the minimum freeing port area shall be increased, for each 100 mm in excess of 1 200 mm, by 0.004 m2 per metre of length of well.

  • (6) Where the height of the bulwark in a well on the working deck is less than 900 mm, the minimum freeing port area may be decreased, for each 100 mm less than 900 mm, by 0.004 m2 per metre of length of well.

  • (7) Where the vessel’s sheer is such that the minimum freeing port areas calculated in accordance with subsections (4) to (6) do not provide rapid and effective freeing of water from the deck, those areas shall be increased in order to so provide.

  • (8) The minimum freeing port area for each well on a superstructure deck shall be not less than one-half the minimum freeing port area on the working deck calculated in accordance with subsections (4) to (7).

  • (9) Freeing ports shall be so arranged along the length of bulwarks as to provide rapid and effective freeing of trapped water from the deck, and the lower edges of freeing ports shall be as close to the deck as possible.

  • (10) Poundboards and means of stowage of fishing gear shall be arranged and stowed so that the effectiveness of freeing ports will not be impaired.

  • (11) Poundboards shall be so constructed that they can be secured in position when in use and will not hamper the discharge of shipped water.

  • (12) Freeing ports over 300 mm in depth shall be fitted with bars spaced not more than 230 mm apart or with other suitable protective devices.

  • (13) Where the protective devices fitted in accordance with subsection (12) are covers, they shall be of approved construction.

  • (14) In a vessel intended to operate in areas subject to icing, protective devices fitted in accordance with subsection (12) shall be capable of being easily removed to restrict or reduce ice accretion.

  • SOR/78-629, s. 1
  • SOR/79-903, s. 3
  • SOR/80-249, s. 13

Life Saving Equipment

  •  (1) A seine skiff shall not be considered as being life saving equipment unless it is ordinarily used in a vessel’s fishing operations.

  • (2) Where the weight of a lifeboat, boat, dory or skiff exceeds 1 525 kg, davits shall be substituted for cranes.

  • (3) Every fishing vessel not more than 33.5 m in length shall carry

    • (a) one approved lifejacket for each person on board the vessel;

    • (a.1) one approved immersion suit for each member of the complement if the vessel makes voyages other than home-trade voyages, Class IV and minor waters voyages, Class II;

    • (b) one approved lifebuoy fitted with 27 m of line;

    • (c) one approved lifebuoy fitted with a self-igniting light that cannot be extinguished by water;

    • (d) in the case of a vessel the keel of which was laid on or after January 6, 1965, the equipment described in one of the following subparagraphs:

      • (i) one or more boats or dories of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board, so stowed under approved single arm crane-type davits that they can readily be placed in the water on either side of the vessel, and life rafts of sufficient capacity to accommodate,

        • (A) if the vessel makes voyages other than inland voyages and goes beyond the limits of home-trade Class III voyages, 75 per cent of the persons on board, or

        • (B) if the vessel makes voyages other than voyages described in clause (A), half the number of persons on board,

      • (ii) one or more boats or dories on each side of the vessel, of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board, stowed under oridinary davits or approved single arm crane-type davits, and life rafts of sufficient capacity to accommodate,

        • (A) if the vessel makes voyages other than inland voyages and goes beyond the limits of home-trade Class III voyages, 75 per cent of the persons on board, or

        • (B) if the vessel makes voyages other than voyages described in clause (A), half the number of persons on board,

      • (iii) a boat, dory or seine skiff of sufficient capacity to accommodate at least half the number of persons on board, and in no case less than four persons, stowed under an approved single arm crane-type davit or a set of ordinary davits or a boom in the case of seine skiffs, and at least one life raft of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board,

      • (iv) a boat, dory or seine skiff not less than 5.5 m in length and capable of being placed in the water on either side of the vessel by means of an approved single arm crane-type davit or a boom in the case of a seine skiff, and

        • (A) where the boat, dory or seine skiff is capable of accommodating at least half the number of persons on board there shall also be carried one or more life rafts of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board, or

        • (B) where the boat, dory or seine skiff is not capable of accommodating at least half the number of persons on board, there shall also be carried a life raft that together with the boat, dory or seine skiff will accommodate 150 per cent of the total number of persons on board, or

      • (v) a Class 1 lifeboat not less than 4.3 m in length stowed under ordinary davits or an approved single arm crane-type davit and two equal-sized life rafts which lifeboat and life rafts collectively shall be capable of accommodating double the total number of persons on board; and

    • (e) subject to subsection (4), in the case of a vessel the keel of which was laid before September 8, 1966, the equipment described in paragraph (d) or in one of the following subparagraphs:

      • (i) one or more approved Class 1 lifeboats of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board the vessel, so stowed that they can be readily placed in the water on either side of the vessel,

      • (ii) one or more approved lifeboats on each side of the vessel, of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board, of which one lifeboat may be a Class 2 lifeboat, and the remainder shall be Class 1,

      • (iii) one or more dories of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board the vessel, so stowed that they can be readily placed in the water on either side of the vessel, or

      • (iv) one or more dories, on each side of the vessel, of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board.

  • (4) Every vessel referred to in paragraph (3)(e) shall comply with the requirements of paragraph (3)(d) or carry in addition to the equipment described in paragraph (3)(e) one or more life rafts of sufficient capacity to accommodate

    • (a) if the vessel makes voyages other than inland voyages and goes beyond the limits of home-trade Class III voyages, 75 per cent of the persons on board; or

    • (b) if the vessel makes voyages other than voyages described in paragraph (a), half the number of persons on board.

  • (5) Every fishing vessel more than 33.5 m and not more than 44.2 m in length shall carry

    • (a) one approved lifejacket for each person on board the vessel;

    • (a.1) one approved immersion suit for each member of the complement if the vessel makes voyages other than home-trade voyages, Class IV and minor waters voyages, Class II;

    • (b) two approved lifebuoys each fitted with 27 m of line;

    • (c) two approved lifebuoys each fitted with a self-igniting light that cannot be extinguished by water; and

    • (d) in the case of a vessel the keel of which was laid on or after January 6, 1965, the equipment described in one of the following subparagraphs:

      • (i) one or more approved lifeboats on each side of the vessel of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board, of which one lifeboat may be a Class 2 lifeboat and the remainder shall be Class 1 and the lifeboats shall be stowed under separate ordinary davits or approved single arm crane-type davits and, if the vessel makes voyages other than inland voyages and goes beyond the limits of home-trade Class III voyages, life rafts of sufficient capacity to accommodate 75 per cent of the persons on board,

      • (ii) one or more approved Class 1 lifeboats of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board, so stowed under approved single arm crane-type davits that they can readily be placed in the water on either side of the vessel, and approved life rafts of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board,

      • (iii) a Class 1 lifeboat not less than 4.3 m in length stowed under ordinary davits or an approved single arm crane-type davit and two equal-sized life rafts which lifeboat and rafts collectively shall be of sufficient capacity to accommodate double the total number of persons on board,

      • (iv) dories of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board, so stowed under ordinary davits or approved single arm crane-type davits that they can readily be placed in the water, and life rafts of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board, or

      • (v) a boat, dory or seine skiff not less than 5.5 m in length, capable of being placed in the water on either side of the vessel by means of an approved single arm crane-type davit or a boom in the case of a seine skiff, and at least two life rafts of equal size each of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board; and

    • (e) in the case of a vessel the keel of which was laid before January 6, 1965, the equipment described in one of the following subparagraphs:

      • (i) one or more approved lifeboats on each side of the vessel of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board, of which one lifeboat may be a Class 2 lifeboat and the remainder shall be Class 1,

      • (ii) one or more approved Class 1 lifeboats of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board the vessel, so stowed that they can be readily placed in the water on either side of the vessel, and in addition, sufficient boats, dories, skiffs or approved life rafts to accommodate all persons on board the vessel, or

      • (iii) dories of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board the vessel, together with life rafts of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board.

  • (6) Every vessel

    • (a) equipped in accordance with subparagraph (5)(e)(i) shall, if the vessel makes voyages other than inland voyages and goes beyond the limit of home-trade Class III voyages, carry life rafts of sufficient capacity to accommodate 75 per cent of the persons on board; and

    • (b) equipped in accordance with subparagraph (5)(e)(ii) shall include in its equipment approved life rafts of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board.

  • (7) Every fishing vessel more than 44.2 m in length shall carry

    • (a) one approved lifejacket for each person on board the vessel;

    • (a.1) one approved immersion suit for each member of the complement if the vessel makes voyages other than home-trade voyages, Class IV and minor waters voyages, Class II;

    • (b) two approved lifebuoys each fitted with 27 m of line;

    • (c) two approved lifebuoys each fitted with a self-igniting light that cannot be extinguished by water; and

    • (d) the equipment described in one of the following subparagraphs:

      • (i) one or more approved lifeboats on each side of the vessel, of sufficient capacity to accommodate all persons on board, of which one lifeboat may be a Class 2 lifeboat and the remainder shall be Class 1 and such lifeboats shall be stowed under separate ordinary davits or approved single arm crane-type davits, and, if the vessel makes voyages other than inland voyages and goes beyond the limits of home-trade Class III voyages, life rafts of sufficient capacity to accommodate 75 per cent of the persons on board,

      • (ii) a Class 1 lifeboat not less than 4.3 m in length stowed under ordinary davits or an approved single arm crane-type davit and two life rafts of equal size which lifeboat and rafts collectively shall be capable of accommodating double the total number of persons on board, or

      • (iii) on each side of the vessel, one or more boats, dories or seine skiffs which shall

        • (A) collectively be capable of accommodating all persons on board,

        • (B) each be not less than 5.5 m in length, and

        • (C) each be stowed under separate ordinary davits or approved single arm crane-type davits or a boom in the case of seine skiffs,

        and at least two life rafts of equal size each capable of accommodating half of all persons on board.

  • (8) The number of persons that one lifeboat, boat, dory, skiff or life raft shall be deemed capable of carrying is

    • (a) in the case of an approved lifeboat, boat or life raft, the number prescribed for that equipment in the Life Saving Equipment Regulations;

    • (b) in the case of a seine skiff of normal construction built in accordance with plans accepted by the Board and fitted with internal buoyance appliances of 0.0283 m3 standard unit of capacity per person, the number determined in accordance with the following formula:

      N = (L × B × D) / 0.566

      where

      N =
      number of persons,
      L =
      overall length in metres,
      B =
      maximum breadth in metres, at level of gunwale, to outside of plank, and
      D =
      the least vertical distance in metres measured from the top of the keel to the top of the gunwale or from the top of the keel to the lowest point of the transom, whichever is the smaller dimension;
    • (c) in the case of a seine skiff of heavy construction that is built in accordance with plans accepted by the Board and is not fitted with internal buoyancy appliances, the number assigned to it by the Board;

    • (d) in the case of a dory, the length of which is

      • (i) 3.7 m, three persons,

      • (ii) 4.3 m, four persons,

      • (iii) 4.6 m, four persons,

      • (iv) 4.9 m, five persons,

      • (v) 5.2 m, five persons,

      • (vi) 5.5 m, six persons,

      • (vii) 5.8 m, six persons; and

    • (e) in the case of a boat or skiff other than a boat or skiff described in paragraph (a), (b) or (c), the number determined in accordance with the following formula:

      N = (L × B × D) / 0.75

      where

      N =
      number of persons,
      L =
      overall length in metres,
      B =
      maximum breadth in metres, at level of gunwale, to outside of plank, and
      D =
      the least vertical distance in metres measured from the top of the keel to the top of the gunwale or from the top of the keel to the lowest point of the transom, whichever is the smaller dimension.
  • (9) Subject to subsection (10), there shall be stowed in each lifeboat, boat, dory or skiff required by this section

    • (a) one full bank of oars and a complete set of rowlocks or thole pins;

    • (b) where the vessel operates in salt water, one suitable container holding at least 1 L of fresh water for each person the lifeboat, boat, dory or skiff is considered capable of carrying;

    • (c) one watertight can containing 12 approved self-igniting red flares;

    • (d) one bucket and one bailer;

    • (e) two sheath knives or hatchets, except that only one sheath knife or hatchet is required for a dory;

    • (f) one boat hook or fishing gaff;

    • (g) one storm lantern with sufficient oil to burn for at least 7 hours and a watertight can of matches;

    • (h) one painter, attached to the bow;

    • (i) one dory compass; and

    • (j) one sea anchor, oil bag and 4.5 L can of vegetable oil except that such equipment is not required for a dory.

  • (10) Where a boat, dory or skiff is used in the fishing operations of a vessel, the equipment prescribed by subsection (9) may be carried in a place on the vessel where it is readily available for use in an emergency in lieu of being carried on the boat, dory or skiff.

  • (11) Except as otherwise specified in Schedule VII, every life raft of every vessel making foreign, home-trade Class I or home-trade Class II voyages shall carry all the equipment set out in items 1 to 24 of that Schedule, which equipment shall be known as Class A equipment.

  • (12) Except as otherwise specified in Schedule VII, every life raft of every vessel making home-trade Class III, inland waters Class I, inland waters Class II or minor waters Class I voyages shall carry all the equipment set out in items 1 to 13 of that Schedule, which equipment shall be known as Class B equipment.

  • (13) Every life raft of every vessel making voyages other than those referred to in subsections (11) and (12) shall carry a knife, two paddles and a heaving line with a quoit.

  • (14) The weight of each seine skiff carried on board a fishing vessel shall be both established and certified to the satisfaction of an inspector who shall then cause the following details to be marked on the stem or sheer strake thereof, in permanent characters, clearly visible and as near as possible to 75 mm in height:

    • (a) the operating weight of the skiff measured in tons, when it is fully equipped with fuel and its fresh water tanks are full;

    • (b) the date on which the measurement is taken; and

    • (c) the inspector’s initials.

  • (15) Every seine skiff and dory used as life saving equipment on board a fishing vessel shall be marked with retroreflective tape in the manner required by Schedule V to the Life Saving Equipment Regulations as illustrated in Figures 1 and 2 of Schedule XI.

  • SOR/78-918, s. 5
  • SOR/80-249, s. 14
  • SOR/85-182, s. 2
  • SOR/95-372, s. 7
  • SOR/96-216, s. 7
  • SOR/2002-15, s. 19(E)
 
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