Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
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Life Saving Equipment Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1436)

Regulations are current to 2021-02-15 and last amended on 2020-10-06. Previous Versions

PART IIIOperational Requirements and Equipment Standards (continued)

Stowage and Handling of Survival Craft

General Requirements

 Where davits are required for lifeboats, rescue boats or emergency boats, a separate set of davits shall be provided for each boat.

  • SOR/96-218, s. 34

 A survival craft under launching devices shall be capable of being launched with its full complement and equipment, under 10° of trim and listing 20°.

  • SOR/96-218, s. 34
  •  (1) Where a life raft or an inflatable rescue platform is carried in such a position that it may be lost or damaged by weather or another cause, it shall be secured with a lashing that incorporates a senhouse slip, hydrostatic release or other quick-release device.

  • (2) Every ship that is under 25 m in length shall carry its life rafts and inflatable rescue platforms

    • (a) placed in deep chocks, without lashings, so as to float free if the ship sinks; or

    • (b) secured by a lashing fitted with a hydrostatic release unit.

  • SOR/96-218, s. 34
  • SOR/2002-122, s. 7
  •  (1) Survival craft that require launching devices shall be stowed as close to accommodation and service areas as possible.

  • (2) Launching stations shall be located so that survival craft may be launched

    • (a) safely, taking into account the clearance from the propeller and steeply overhanging portions of the hull; and

    • (b) insofar as it is possible, down the straight side of the ship, unless the survival craft are specially designed for free-fall launching.

  • (3) Where launching stations are positioned forward, they shall be located abaft the collision bulkhead in a sheltered position.

  • (4) The preparation and handling of survival craft at any one launching station shall not interfere with the prompt handling of any other survival craft at any other station.

  • (5) Every survival craft shall be stowed

    • (a) as near the waterline as is safe and practicable;

    • (b) so that, when in the embarkation position, it is not less than 2 m above the waterline when the ship is loaded with its full complement and equipment, under 10° of trim and listing by the lesser of 20° and the angle at which the ship’s weatherdeck edge becomes submerged;

    • (c) in a state of continuous readiness so that two crew members may carry out preparation for embarking and launching in less than five minutes; and

    • (d) in such a position as to prevent flooding by any discharge from the ship when the survival craft is being lowered to the water.

  • (6) Paragraph (5)(b) does not apply to an inflatable life raft that does not require launching devices.

  • SOR/96-218, s. 34
  • SOR/2004-253, s. 4(F)


  •  (1) Lifeboats for lowering down the side of the ship shall be stowed

    • (a) on ships under 80 m in length, as far forward of the propeller as is practicable;

    • (b) on cargo ships 80 m or over but under 120 m in length, so that the after end of the lifeboat is not less than the length of the lifeboat forward of the propeller; and

    • (c) on passenger ships 80 m or over in length and cargo ships 120 m or over in length, so that the after end of the lifeboat is not less than 1.5 times the length of the lifeboat forward of the propeller.

  • (2) Lifeboats in their stowed location shall be protected from damage by heavy seas insofar as it is practicable.

  • (3) Lifeboats shall be stowed attached to their launching devices.

  • (4) Lifeboats shall be capable of being launched, where necessary utilizing painters, with the ship making headway at speeds of up to five knots in calm water.

  • SOR/96-218, s. 34

Life Rafts

  •  (1) Life rafts shall be stowed so as to permit manual release from their securing arrangements.

  • (2) Life rafts that are designed to be davit-launched shall be

    • (a) stowed within reach of their lifting hooks; or

    • (b) provided with a means of transfer that is not rendered inoperable by

      • (i) the ship’s motion,

      • (ii) a power failure,

      • (iii) a list of 20° of the ship, or

      • (iv) a trim of 10° of the ship.

  • SOR/96-218, s. 34
  •  (1) On a passenger ship, every life raft that is boarded from a location on deck that is more than 4 m above the waterline of the ship in its lightest seagoing condition shall be davit-launched.

  • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of an existing ship that is a Class II, Class III or Class IV ship referred to in

    • (a) subparagraph 10(d)(ii);

    • (b) subparagraph 11(c)(ii);

    • (c) subparagraph 12(b)(ii);

    • (d) subparagraph 14(d)(ii); or

    • (e) paragraph 16(1)(d).

  • SOR/96-218, s. 34
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), if a life raft on a ship that is not a passenger ship is stowed more than 4 m above the waterline of the ship in its lightest seagoing condition, it shall be davit-launched unless it

    • (a) has a mass of not more than 185 kg; or

    • (b) is stowed for launching directly from the stowed position, from which it may be safely launched against a trim of 10° and a list of 20°.

  • (2) If the ship carries life rafts for more than 200 per cent of the complement, those life rafts in excess of 200 per cent need not be davit-launched.

  • SOR/96-218, s. 34
  • SOR/2001-179, s. 47

Rescue Boats and Emergency Boats

  •  (1) Rescue boats and emergency boats shall be stowed

    • (a) in a state of continuous readiness and capable of being launched in less than five minutes; and

    • (b) in a location suitable for launching and recovery.

  • (2) A rescue boat that is also a lifeboat shall meet the requirements of section 144.

  • (3) Every rescue boat, when loaded with its full complement and equipment, shall be capable of being hoisted at a rate of not less than 0.3 m/s.

  • SOR/96-218, s. 34


  •  (1) Where the survival craft of a ship are stowed in such a location that they may be damaged by the ship’s stabilizer wings, the ship shall be equipped with a means of bringing the stabilizer wings inboard that may be operated

    • (a) from the navigating bridge; and

    • (b) by the ship’s emergency source of power.

  • (2) Indicators that are capable of being operated by the ship’s emergency source of power shall be provided on the navigating bridge to show the position of the stabilizer wings.

  • SOR/96-218, s. 34
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