Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada


Health of Animals Regulations (C.R.C., c. 296)

Regulations are current to 2020-01-08 and last amended on 2019-04-15. Previous Versions

PART XIVeterinary Biologics (continued)

[SOR/95-54, s. 4(F)]

Requirements of Operation in a Licensed Establishment (continued)

  •  (1) Subject to this section, every label of a veterinary biologic imported, sold, advertised or offered for sale in Canada shall show

    • (a) the assigned name of the veterinary biologic,

    • (b) the name of the manufacturer of the veterinary biologic or, if there is more than one manufacturer of that veterinary biologic, the name of the first or the name of the final manufacturer,

    • (c) the place where the manufacturer referred to in paragraph (b) manufactures the veterinary biologic,

    • (d) the lot or serial number or other means of identifying the veterinary biologic,

    • (e) the same establishment licence number, whether Canadian or foreign, on all components of the label except that the Minister may, in writing, exempt from that requirement diluents manufactured in Canada,

    • (f) directions for use of the veterinary biologic or that directions for its use are contained inside the package,

    • (g) the expiration date of the veterinary biologic,

    • (h) the components of the veterinary biologic, including

      • (i) viruses, bacteria, toxoids and antibodies, and

      • (ii) antibiotics, if added during the production process as preservatives,

      • (iii) [Repealed, SOR/80-428, s. 11]

    • (i) the net quantity of the veterinary biologic in the container, expressed in metric units or in doses,

    • (j) the temperature range, expressed in metric units, necessary to maintain prescribed potency of the veterinary biologic,

    • (k) in the case of a veterinary biologic manufactured for use in food producing animals, the cautionary statement indicating the appropriate withdrawal period as stated in the product outline on the basis of which the import permit or product licence was issued, and

    • (l) in the case of modified live virus rabies vaccines, the cautionary statement

      “In the event of accidental human exposure to the vaccine virus, the possible hazard to health should be considered and public health officials or a physician should be consulted” or “En cas d’exposition accidentelle d’une personne au vaccin viral, il faut prendre en considération le risque sanitaire et consulter les responsables de la santé publique ou un médecin.

    and shall be marked with the words “For veterinary use only” or “Pour usage vétérinaire seulement” or alternative wording approved by the Minister.

  • (2) Where the label of a veterinary biologic is too small to show all the information required by subsection (1), any such information as the Minister may permit may be shown on the directions for use inside the package.

  • (3) The information contained on the label of a veterinary biologic imported into or sold, advertised or offered for sale in Canada shall be shown in its entirety in either or both official languages and, if both official languages are shown, may additionally be shown in whole or in part in any other language.

  • SOR/79-839, s. 31
  • SOR/80-428, s. 11
  • SOR/82-590, s. 8
  • SOR/86-291, s. 2
  • SOR/97-85, s. 74
  • SOR/98-409, s. 13
  • SOR/2002-438, ss. 15(F), 18(F)

 No person shall sell or offer for sale a veterinary biologic after its expiration date.

  • SOR/82-590, s. 9
  • SOR/2002-438, s. 18(F)
  •  (1) Except as provided in subsection (2), no person shall sell or offer for sale a rabies vaccine to anyone other than a veterinarian of the Department of Agriculture of Canada or a veterinarian who holds a valid licence to practice veterinary medicine issued by the veterinary licensing body of a province.

  • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of rabies vaccine that is sold or offered for sale in accordance with the written permission granted by the Minister for its use

    • (a) in a temporary emergency veterinary clinic; or

    • (b) in a remote area where veterinary services are not readily available.

  • SOR/85-81, s. 1
  •  (1) No person shall, in any advertisement for the sale of a veterinary biologic, make any claim with respect to the purity, safety, potency and efficacy of the veterinary biologic that is not supported by the product outline for such veterinary biologic.

  • (2) No person shall, in any advertisement for the sale of a veterinary biologic, make any representation that is false, misleading or deceptive or that is likely to create an erroneous impression regarding the character, value, quality, composition, merit or safety of the advertised veterinary biologic.

  • (3) [Repealed, SOR/97-85, s. 75]

  • SOR/82-590, s. 10
  • SOR/97-85, s. 75
  • SOR/2002-438, s. 16(F)

 Every holder of a licence or permit issued under this Part shall report to the Minister, in writing, any information concerning, or any evidence of, a significant deficiency in safety, potency or efficacy of a veterinary biologic within 15 days after the date on which that information or evidence is known to the holder.

  • SOR/79-839, s. 32
  • SOR/2002-438, s. 17
  • SOR/2015-55, s. 7

PART XIITransportation of Animals


 This Part applies to the transportation of animals entering or leaving Canada or within Canada.

Animals Subject to Inspection

 Every animal transported by railway car, motor vehicle, aircraft or vessel shall be subject to inspection at all times by an inspector.

Sick, Pregnant and Unfit Animals

  •  (1) No air carrier or sea carrier shall take on board for exportation out of Canada an animal affected with or suffering from a communicable disease.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), no person shall load or cause to be loaded on any railway car, motor vehicle, aircraft or vessel and no one shall transport or cause to be transported an animal

    • (a) that by reason of infirmity, illness, injury, fatigue or any other cause cannot be transported without undue suffering during the expected journey;

    • (b) that has not been fed and watered within five hours before being loaded, if the expected duration of the animal’s confinement is longer than 24 hours from the time of loading; or

    • (c) if it is probable that the animal will give birth during the journey.

  • (2.1) For the purpose of paragraph (2)(a), a non-ambulatory animal is an animal that cannot be transported without undue suffering during the expected journey.

  • (2.2) Despite paragraph (2)(a), a non-ambulatory animal may be transported for veterinary treatment or diagnosis on the advice of a veterinarian.

  • (3) Paragraph (2)(b) does not apply to a chick of any species if the expected duration of the chick’s confinement is less than 72 hours from the time of hatching.

  • (4) No railway company or motor carrier shall continue to transport an animal that is injured or becomes ill or otherwise unfit for transport during a journey beyond the nearest suitable place at which it can receive proper care and attention.

  • SOR/97-85, s. 76
  • SOR/2005-181, s. 2

Loading and Unloading Equipment

  •  (1) No person shall beat an animal being loaded or unloaded in a way likely to cause injury or undue suffering to it.

  • (2) No person shall load or unload, or cause to be loaded or unloaded, an animal in a way likely to cause injury or undue suffering to it.

  • (3) Every ramp, gangway, chute, box or other apparatus used by a carrier in loading or unloading animals shall be so maintained and used as not to cause injury or undue suffering to animals and where livestock is loaded or unloaded by a ramp, gangway, chute or other apparatus, the slope shall not be greater than 45 degrees.

  • (4) Every ramp and gangway used by a carrier in loading or unloading animals shall have sides of sufficient strength and height to prevent animals from falling off the ramp or gangway.

  • (5) Every ramp used by a carrier in loading or unloading animals shall be so placed that no unprotected gap exists between the ramp or either side thereof and the railway car, motor vehicle, vessel or aircraft.

  • (6) Subject to subsection (7), every motor vehicle and aircraft in which livestock is transported shall be provided by the carrier with a loading gate or chute that is

    • (a) fitted with safe and secure footholds; and

    • (b) suitable for the loading and unloading of livestock.

  • (7) Subsection (6) does not apply to an aircraft equipped for the loading of livestock in containers.

  • SOR/97-85, s. 77
Date modified: