PART 3Tackle (continued)
DIVISION 1Cargo Gear (continued)
Category 4 Lifting Appliances Onshore or on Restricted Vessels (continued)
345 A durable placard that sets out the following in clearly legible letters and figures shall be securely fixed to a category 4 lifting appliance’s cab in a location easily visible to an operator seated at the control position:
(a) the load radius chart for the safe working load of the appliance;
(b) the appliance’s model number and serial number;
(c) the length of the appliance’s boom; and
(d) any conditions specified by the manufacturer.
Inspection and Maintenance
346 (1) Category 4 lifting appliances shall be inspected and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.
(2) The requirements of clauses 4.1 to 4.3, 4.5 and 4.6 of the Safety Code on Mobile Cranes shall be met in respect of mobile cranes.
Mechanical, Electrical, Gearing, Hydraulic and Pneumatic Systems
347 The mechanical, electrical, gearing, hydraulic and pneumatic systems that are part of a lifting appliance shall
(a) meet design standards at least equivalent to
(i) if the lifting appliance is operated on board a foreign vessel, design standards approved by the government of the state whose flag the vessel is entitled to fly,
(ii) if the lifting appliance is operated onshore or on a restricted vessel, those set out in
(A) the regulations of the province in which the appliance is being operated,
(B) the standards of the International Standards Organization, or
(C) the standards of the Deutsches Institut für Normung e. V. (DIN), or
(iii) in any other case, the regulations, rules or codes of a classification society; and
(b) be suitably protected or constructed for the environment in which they are likely to be used.
348 (1) Rope shall not be used unless
(a) it is free from patent defects;
(b) it is used in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations;
(c) it is made of one continuous length;
(d) in the case of wire rope, it meets the requirements of sections 188.8.131.52 and 184.108.40.206 of Safety and Health in Ports; and
(e) in the case of wire rope that has a splice in it and is used in the raising or lowering of a load that could rotate, the splice prevents the lay of the wire from opening.
(2) Wire clips shall not be used to form a terminal joint in a wire rope unless the rope is used in standing gear and the clips are fitted in accordance with their manufacturer’s recommendations.
(3) Wire rope shall not be used on a category 1 lifting appliance, a mobile crane on a vessel or a category 5 lifting appliance installed on a vessel if the rope is
(a) anti-rotation or torqueless left-handed laid wire rope of 4 × 29 construction with strands composed of one core wire, seven inner wires, seven filler wires and 14 outer wires, if the core wire or the inner wires have a greater diameter than that of the outer wires; or
(b) of essentially the same design as the rope described in paragraph (a).
(4) Rope made of fibre interspersed with wire strand shall not be used on the main hoist of a lifting appliance.
Thread Diameter of Sheaves
349 (1) If a wire rope is used on a lifting appliance referred to in column 1 of Schedule 8, the thread diameter of a sheave that is used with the rope shall be not less than
(a) the diameter set out in column 2 if the rope is used as a running rope; or
(b) the diameter set out in column 3 if the rope is used as a fixed span rope.
(2) Despite subsection (1), if the manufacturer of the rope has recommended a thread diameter of a sheave that is greater than that required by subsection (1), the thread diameter of the sheave shall be not less than that recommended by the manufacturer.
350 (1) Pallets shall be of adequate strength for the use for which they are proposed and free from visible defects that would likely affect their safe use.
(2) Pallets that are used in conjunction with bar bridles shall have a lip of at least 75 mm.
Mobile Elevating Work Platforms
351 Mobile elevating work platforms that are not lifting appliances shall meet the requirements of any regulations of the province in which they are being operated.
352 (1) The lifting capacity of a forklift truck that is specified by the manufacturer in terms of mass and distance from the mast
(a) shall be marked on the truck in a readily visible location; and
(b) shall not be increased by adding counterweights or by any other means.
(2) The mass of the truck and of any counterweights, as well as their total mass, shall be marked on a forklift truck in a readily visible location.
Wrought Iron Loose Gear
353 Loose gear made of wrought iron shall not be used.
354 (1) Repairs that involve the heating, fairing or welding of structural stress-bearing parts of lifting appliances and repairs to loose gear shall be performed by an expert person.
(2) Webbing slings shall not be repaired.
Structural and Control Safety Measures
Eliminating the Possibility of Dangerous Contact
355 (1) Chain and friction drives, cog wheels, electric conductors, gearing, motors, shafting, sheaves and steam pipes that are part of cargo gear shall be covered, shielded, fenced, enclosed or otherwise protected by covers or casings, barriers, guardrails, screens, mats or platforms to eliminate the possibility of dangerous contact by persons or objects.
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of parts that are, by their position or construction, as safe as if they were protected as required by that subsection.
Reducing Risk of Accidental Descent
356 (1) Cranes and winches shall be provided with means that minimize the risk of the accidental raising or lowering of a load.
(2) For the purpose of subsection (1),
(a) the lever that is used to raise or lower the load shall
(i) raise the load when moved back or towards the operator,
(ii) lower the load when moved forward or away from the operator, and
(iii) return to the neutral position when released by an operator;
(b) a lever that controls the link motion reversing gear of a crane or winch shall be provided with a spring or other locking arrangement; and
(c) the motion of the slew control and the resultant direction of the slew shall be consistent.
Use of Lifting Appliances with Limit Switches
357 (1) If limit switches are provided on a lifting appliance, the appliance shall not be used unless the switches are in good working order.
(2) Limit switches shall not be left in the by-pass condition when the appliance is in operation.
Equipment for Lifting Appliances
358 (1) Lifting appliances shall have an emergency stop button at the operator’s position.
(2) A lifting appliance’s machinery shall have a means for promptly cutting off its power in the event of an emergency.
(3) A category 2 lifting appliance shall have
(a) an adjustable automatic slow-down device on the lowering function; and
(b) an indicator specifying the overrun to be expected under normal working conditions.
(4) If wind speed is a limiting condition for the use of a lifting appliance, the appliance shall have an anemometer that
(a) is located on a part of the appliance that is exposed to the wind; and
(b) has a read-out in the operator’s cab or, in the case of a self-unloading vessel, on the bridge or in the control room of the vessel.
Control of Steam
359 If workers are present, exhaust steam and, so far as is feasible, live steam from a crane or winch shall not obscure any part of the decks, gangways, stages or wharves.
Report of Accident or Incident
360 (1) If a serious accident or incident occurs involving a lifting appliance that is part of a vessel’s equipment, the vessel’s master shall immediately report the accident or incident to the Department of Transport Marine Safety Office nearest to the accident or incident by the quickest means available.
(2) If a serious accident or incident occurs involving a lifting appliance that is not part of a vessel’s equipment, the appliance’s owner shall immediately report the accident or incident to the Department of Transport Marine Safety Office nearest to the accident or incident by the quickest means available.
361 (1) Unitized cargo shall not be lifted by using the material that unitizes the cargo unless the material is wire banding or flat steel strapping.
(2) The mass of unitized cargo lifted by using wire banding or flat steel strapping that unitizes the cargo shall not exceed the mass determined by the formula A/B
- is the breaking strength of the banding or strapping; and
- is the minimum safety factor required by subsection (3) or paragraph (4)(b).
(3) Subject to paragraph (4)(b),
(a) if the banding or strapping is for a single lift, the minimum safety factor shall be 3.5; and
(b) if the banding or strapping is for multiple lifts, the minimum safety factor shall be 4.
(4) If the banding or strapping is not designed to be vertical during lifting,
(a) the banding or strapping shall provide for a bridle angle of at least 40°; and
(b) the minimum safety factor shall be obtained by the formula A × 1/2B
- is the minimum safety factor required under subsection (3); and
- is the secant of the maximum bridle angle during lifting.
(5) In subsection (4), bridle angle means the maximum angle between the vertical at one of the top corners of the unitized cargo and the banding or strapping during lifting.
362 (1) This section applies in respect of wire banding or flat steel strapping that unitizes cargo when the unitized cargo is lifted using the banding or strapping.
(2) If the banding or strapping is for a single lift, it shall not be used to lift the unitized cargo more than once.
(3) If the banding or strapping is for multiple lifts, it shall not be used
(a) to lift the unitized cargo more than four times; or
(b) more than four months after the first time it is used.
(4) The banding or strapping shall not be used to lift the unitized cargo for more than four minutes at a time or any longer period that is necessary to complete the lift.
(5) The banding or strapping shall be used to lift the unitized cargo only in accordance with the lifting method indicated on the certificate under paragraph (8)(i).
(6) The knot strength of wire banding shall be at least 90% of the breaking strength of the wires.
(7) The banding or strapping shall be accompanied by a certificate that is signed by the person responsible for unitizing the cargo, that certifies the breaking strength and the safety factor of the banding or strapping and that
(a) in the case of banding, the strength of joints was tested at least once for every 1 000 tonnes of cargo unitized and at least three times for every consignment;
(b) in the case of strapping, the strength of joints was tested at least once for every 300 units; and
(c) in the case of multiple-use banding or strapping, the banding or strapping meets the requirements of section 30 of Unitized Cargo Standard, TP 11232, published by the Department of Transport, or equivalent requirements.
(8) The certificate shall also set out
(a) whether the material used to unitize the cargo is wire banding or flat steel strapping;
(b) whether the banding or strapping is single-lift or multiple-lift;
(c) the plant, warehouse or other location at which the banding or strapping was fitted on the cargo;
(d) any identifying marks on the banding or strapping;
(e) a description of the cargo;
(f) the number of units of cargo that the certificate covers;
(g) the approximate mass of the units;
(h) the unitizing system used;
(i) the lifting method that should be used, including the number and type of hooks or other lifting devices and the bridle angle, if any;
(j) in the case of banding,
(i) the number of bands fitted on each unit and how many times each band is wrapped around a unit,
(ii) the diameter and breaking strength of the wires in the banding, and
(iii) the type of knot used to tie the banding and the breaking strength of the knot;
(k) in the case of strapping,
(i) the number of straps fitted on each unit,
(ii) the width, thickness and breaking strength of the straps, and
(iii) the type and number of seals and their location and breaking strength; and
(l) if the banding or strapping has been used to lift unitized cargo, the date of the lift and the name of the vessel and of the port, if any, involved.
DIVISION 2Access Equipment
Shore-based Power-operated Ramps
363 (1) The owner of a shore-based power-operated ramp that is constructed one year or more after the coming into force of this section shall ensure that the requirements of CAN/CSA Standard S826.1-01, Ferry Boarding Facilities, other than Appendices A to D, that apply in respect of the ramp are met.
(2) The owner, as defined in CAN/CSA Standards S826.3-01 and S826.4-01, Ferry Boarding Facilities, of a shore-based power-operated ramp shall ensure that it is maintained and inspected in accordance with the requirements of those Standards.
364 (1) The authorized representative of a vessel shall ensure that every accommodation ladder fitted on the vessel and the vessel’s support and suspension points for the ladder meet
(a) the requirements of ISO Standard 5488, Shipbuilding — Accommodation Ladders or of a classification society; or
(b) if the ladder is part of pilot transfer equipment referred to in regulation 23 of Chapter V of SOLAS, the requirements of the annex to IMO Resolution A.889(21), Pilot Transfer Arrangements.
(2) Every accommodation ladder fitted on the vessel and the vessel’s support and suspension points for the ladder shall be thoroughly examined by a competent person at least once every year.
(3) An accommodation ladder passes the examination if
(a) certificates have been issued under section 312 for the loose gear used with the ladder;
(b) the parts that align and swivel under load are free;
(c) the mechanical, electrical. gearing, hydraulic and pneumatic systems are in good working order;
(d) parts are not affected by corrosion to the extent that they cannot be opened; and
(e) no defects or signs of permanent deformation are detected.
(4) The vessel’s support and suspension points for the ladder pass the examination if no defects or signs of permanent deformation are detected.
(5) The ladder shall not be used if it and the vessel’s support and suspension points for it did not pass the most recent examination.
(6) The competent person shall provide the authorized representative with a record of the examination, including measurements taken at intervals not exceeding five years of any corrosion, deformation or significant wear in structural or moving parts.
(7) The record shall be kept on board the vessel.
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