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Cribs, Cradles and Bassinets Regulations (SOR/2016-152)

Regulations are current to 2022-11-16 and last amended on 2016-12-29. Previous Versions

Cribs, Cradles and Bassinets Regulations

SOR/2016-152

CANADA CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT

Registration 2016-06-17

Cribs, Cradles and Bassinets Regulations

P.C. 2016-568 2016-06-17

His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Health, pursuant to section 37 of the Canada Consumer Product Safety ActFootnote a, makes the annexed Cribs, Cradles and Bassinets Regulations.

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

 The following definitions apply in these Regulations.

accessory

accessory means a product, including a change table accessory and a sleep accessory, that is designed or advertised to be used with a crib, cradle or bassinet and that has the following characteristics:

  • (a) it is designed to support the weight of a child;

  • (b) it can be placed on or fixed to the crib, cradle or bassinet; and

  • (c) its primary function is

    • (i) in the case of a change table accessory, to allow the changing of a child’s diaper or the dressing of a child,

    • (ii) in the case of a sleep accessory that has sides to confine the child, to provide sleeping accommodation for a child, and

    • (iii) in any other case, to provide a play area for a child or an area to enable caregiver-child interaction. (accessoire)

access side

access side means a side of a crib, cradle, bassinet or sleep accessory the bottom part of which is stationary and the top part of which has one or more adjustment positions. (côté d’accès)

adjustment position

adjustment position means a position in which the movable part of an access side latches or locks and from which it cannot be moved without being unlatched or unlocked. (position de réglage)

bassinet

bassinet means a product that has the following characteristics:

  • (a) its primary function is to provide sleeping accommodation for a child and it has sides to confine the child;

  • (b) it has a sleeping surface area that is less than or equal to 4 000 cm2; and

  • (c) it can be used alone, or both alone and as an accessory. (moïse)

cradle

cradle means a product that has the following characteristics:

  • (a) its primary function is to provide sleeping accommodation for a child and it has sides to confine the child;

  • (b) it has a sleeping surface area that is greater than 4 000 cm2 but less than or equal to 5 500 cm2; and

  • (c) it can be used alone, or both alone and as an accessory. (berceau)

crib

crib means a product that has the following characteristics:

  • (a) its primary function is to provide sleeping accommodation for a child and it has sides to confine the child;

  • (b) it has a sleeping surface area that is greater than 5 500 cm2; and

  • (c) it can be used alone, or both alone and as an accessory. (lit d’enfant)

fastener

fastener includes all of the following items:

  • (a) items that, once installed on a product, are capable of being joined or unjoined without the use of any tool or equipment, such as

    • (i) string, cords, straps, wire and other similar items, and

    • (ii) zippers, buttons, snaps and other similar items; and

  • (b) items that join two objects together on being installed on a product, such as screws, bolts, hinges, nails and other similar items. (attaches)

good laboratory practices

good laboratory practices means practices that are in accordance with the principles set out in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development document entitled OECD Principles of Good Laboratory Practice, Number 1 of the OECD Series on Principles of Good Laboratory Practice and Compliance Monitoring, ENV/MC/CHEM(98)17, the English version of which is dated January 21, 1998 and the French version of which is dated March 6, 1998. (bonnes pratiques de laboratoire)

key structural component

key structural component, in respect of a crib, cradle, bassinet or accessory, means a side, mattress support, stabilizing bar, structural cover and stand. (composant structurel essentiel)

mattress support

mattress support includes, in the case of a crib, cradle, bassinet or sleep accessory that is designed to be used without a mattress, the surface that supports the weight of the child. (support du matelas)

occupant retention area

occupant retention area, in respect of a crib, cradle, bassinet or sleep accessory, means the space that is bounded by the sleeping surface and the interior surfaces of the sides. (espace de confinement)

responsible person

responsible person means

  • (a) the manufacturer, in the case of a crib, cradle, bassinet, accessory or stand that is manufactured in Canada for commercial purposes; and

  • (b) the importer, in the case of a crib, cradle, bassinet, accessory or stand that is imported for commercial purposes. (responsable)

slat

slat includes a post, bar, rod or other similar part of a crib, cradle, bassinet or sleep accessory. (barreau)

stand

stand means a product that is designed or advertised to elevate a crib, cradle or bassinet but not to transport a child. (soutien)

stationary side

stationary side means a side of a crib, cradle, bassinet or sleep accessory that has no adjustment positions. (côté fixe)

structural cover

structural cover means a key structural component of a crib, cradle, bassinet or sleep accessory that has the following characteristics:

  • (a) it is made of a textile or other pliable material;

  • (b) it attaches to the frame of the product with a zipper, snaps, buttons or other similar fasteners;

  • (c) it completely or partially defines the occupant retention area; and

  • (d) it is removable. (recouvrement structurel)

supplied with

supplied with, in respect of an accessory, a stand or a mattress, means designed to be used and sold together with a specific crib, cradle, bassinet or accessory that is made by the same manufacturer. (fourni)

Specifications

Requirements for Cribs, Cradles, Bassinets, Accessories and Stands

Marginal note:Key structural components — assembly

 Every key structural component must meet one of the following requirements:

  • (a) it must be manufactured so that it can only be assembled correctly one way according to the manufacturer’s instructions; or

  • (b) if the component can be assembled in more than one way, it must have permanent markings on it that indicate how to assemble it and that remain conspicuous when the crib, cradle, bassinet, accessory or stand is not correctly assembled.

Marginal note:Surface coating materials

 Every crib, cradle, bassinet, accessory and stand must be free from any surface coating material that contains any of the following substances:

  • (a) more than 90 mg/kg total lead when the material is tested in accordance with a method that conforms to good laboratory practices;

  • (b) any compound of antimony, arsenic, cadmium, selenium or barium if more than 0.1% w/w of the compound dissolves in 5% hydrochloric acid after being stirred for 10 minutes at 20°C; or

  • (c) any compound of mercury when the material is tested in accordance with a method that conforms to good laboratory practices.

Marginal note:Angle

  •  (1) Every crib, cradle, bassinet and sleep accessory must be manufactured so that the angle of the mattress support does not exceed 7° from the horizontal.

  • Marginal note:Angle — stands

    (2) Every stand must be manufactured so that the angle of the mattress support of a crib, cradle or bassinet that is placed on or fixed to it does not exceed 7° from the horizontal.

Marginal note:Angle — products that rock or swing

 Every crib, cradle, bassinet, sleep accessory and stand that rocks or swings must meet the following requirements:

  • (a) it does not rock or swing beyond a 20° angle from the horizontal; and

  • (b) its angle at rest does not exceed 7° from the horizontal.

Marginal note:Shearing and pinching

 A crib, cradle, bassinet, accessory or stand must not have any part that is located above the mattress support when the mattress support is in any position, that is accessible to the child and that may cause injury to the child due to shearing or pinching.

Marginal note:Types of sides

 A crib, cradle, bassinet and sleep accessory must have only stationary sides and access sides.

Marginal note:Strength and integrity of slats

 The slats of a side of a crib, cradle, bassinet or sleep accessory must not turn or dislodge or become deformed or otherwise damaged when tested in accordance with Schedule 1.

Marginal note:Posts

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a post of a crib, cradle, bassinet or sleep accessory must not extend more than 1.5 mm — measured within 76 mm from the outermost surface of the post — above the lowest point on the upper surface of the higher of the sides that adjoin the post.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) A post may extend more than 406 mm above the highest point on the upper surface of the higher of the sides that adjoin the post if the crib, cradle, bassinet or sleep accessory meets the requirements of the cut-out test method set out in section 7.9 of the ASTM International standard F1169, entitled Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Full-Size Baby Cribs, as amended from time to time.

  • Marginal note:Extensions

    (3) A post whose height is extended by the attachment of one or more removable extensions must meet the requirements of subsection (2).

Marginal note:Entrapment — cribs

  •  (1) When a crib is tested in accordance with the following provisions of Schedule 2, there must not be any completely bounded opening through which a solid rectangular block with the dimensions 60 mm × 100 mm × 100 mm is capable of passing in any orientation:

    • (a) section 1, if the crib has a rigid side; and

    • (b) section 2, if the crib has a side that is made of a textile or other pliable material.

  • Marginal note:Entrapment — other products

    (2) When a cradle, bassinet or sleep accessory is tested in accordance with the following provisions of Schedule 2, there must not be any completely bounded opening through which a solid rectangular block with the dimensions 60 mm × 100 mm × 100 mm is capable of passing in any orientation:

    • (a) section 3, if the product has a rigid side; and

    • (b) section 4, if the product has a side that is made of a textile or other pliable material.

Marginal note:Openings formed or exposed — structural covers — cribs

  •  (1) When tested in accordance with section 2 of Schedule 2, a structural cover of a crib must not form or expose any completely bounded opening that permits the passage of a solid rectangular block with the dimensions 60 mm × 100 mm × 100 mm in any orientation.

  • Marginal note:Openings formed or exposed — structural covers — other products

    (2) When tested in accordance with section 4 of Schedule 2, a structural cover of a cradle, bassinet or sleep accessory must not form or expose any completely bounded opening that permits the passage of a solid rectangular block with the dimensions 60 mm × 100 mm × 100 mm in any orientation.

Marginal note:Mesh — strength and integrity

  •  (1) Any mesh that is made of a textile or other pliable material and that forms part of the sides or bottom of a crib, cradle, bassinet or accessory must not, when tested in accordance with Schedule 3, tear or become detached from its supporting structure or anything to which it is attached.

  • Marginal note:Size of openings in mesh

    (2) The openings in mesh that is made of a textile or other pliable material and that forms part of the sides or bottom of a crib, cradle, bassinet or accessory must be of such a size that the hemispherical tip of a probe described in Schedule 4 is unable to pass through the openings when tested in accordance with that Schedule.

Marginal note:Flammability

 Any part of a crib, cradle, bassinet, accessory or stand that is made of a textile or any other pliable material must have a flame spread time greater than seven seconds, when tested in accordance with the Canadian General Standards Board standard CAN/CGSB-4.2 No. 27.5, entitled Textile Test Methods: Flame Resistance — 45° Angle Test — One-Second Flame Impingement, as amended from time to time, in either of the following circumstances:

  • (a) it does not have a raised fibre surface; or

  • (b) it has a raised fibre surface and, when tested, exhibits ignition or fusion of its base fibres.

Marginal note:Entanglement — cribs and stands

  •  (1) When a crib or stand is tested in accordance with section 1 of Schedule 5, the instrument illustrated in the figure to that Schedule must not catch on any mechanism, fastener or projection of the crib or stand that is located above the mattress support or that protrudes above it.

  • Marginal note:Entanglement — other products

    (2) When a cradle, bassinet, sleep accessory or stand is tested in accordance with section 2 of Schedule 5, the instrument illustrated in the figure to that Schedule must not catch on any mechanism, fastener or projection of the cradle, bassinet, sleep accessory or stand that is located inside the occupant retention area or that protrudes into it.

  • Marginal note:Presumption

    (3) For the purpose of subsections (1) and (2), a post that is described in subsections 9(2) and (3) is deemed to not be a projection.

Marginal note:Parts — wood, plastic or similar hard material

  •  (1) Every exposed part of a crib, cradle, bassinet, accessory or stand that is made of wood, plastic or a similar hard material must be free from cracks, burrs and other defects and be smoothly finished to eliminate sharp edges and points.

  • Marginal note:Parts — metal

    (2) Every exposed part of a crib, cradle, bassinet, accessory or stand that is made of metal must be smoothly finished to eliminate sharp edges and points.

  • Marginal note:Metal tubing

    (3) Every cut edge of any metal tubing that is part of a crib, cradle, bassinet, accessory or stand must meet one of the following requirements if the tubing is located above the mattress support when the mattress support is in any position and is accessible to the child:

    • (a) it must be smoothly finished to eliminate sharp edges and points; or

    • (b) it must be protected by a cap that remains in place when it is subjected to a force of 90 N applied in any direction.

  • Marginal note:Bolts

    (4) The threaded end of every bolt of a crib, cradle, bassinet, accessory or stand must, if the end is located above the mattress support when the mattress support is in any position and is accessible to the child, be covered by an acorn nut or a device that offers equivalent protection.

 
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