Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Search

Playpens Regulations (SOR/2018-186)

Full Document:  

Regulations are current to 2020-11-17 and last amended on 2019-04-03. Previous Versions

Specifications (continued)

Requirements for Playpens and Accessories (continued)

Marginal note:Small parts

 Every part of a playpen or accessory that is accessible to the child and that is small enough to be totally enclosed in the small parts cylinder illustrated in Schedule 5 must be affixed to the product so that the part does not become detached when it is subjected to a force of 90 N applied in any direction.

Marginal note:Parts — openings

 Every slot, notch, groove or other opening in a wooden, plastic or metal part of a playpen or accessory — or in a part of one made of a similar hard material — that is accessible to the child must meet one of the following requirements:

  • (a) it must be of such a size and shape that, if it admits a probe that is 5.33 mm in diameter, it will also admit a probe that is 9.53 mm in diameter; or

  • (b) it must have a depth that is not greater than the minor span dimension across its opening, if that minor span dimension is greater than or equal to 5.33 mm and less than 9.53 mm.

Marginal note:Cords and straps — length — general

  •  (1) A cord, strap or other similar item that is attached by only one of its ends to a playpen or sleep accessory must not measure more than 188 mm in length when it is stretched by the gradual application of a force of 22 N.

  • Marginal note:Cords and straps — length — change table accessory

    (2) In the case of a cord, strap or other similar item that is attached by only one of its ends to a change table accessory that is placed on or fixed to a playpen, the portion of the cord, strap or item that extends into the playpen’s occupant retention area must not measure more than 188 mm in length when it is stretched by the gradual application of a force of 22 N.

Marginal note:Cords and straps — loops — general

  •  (1) When tested in accordance with section 1 of Schedule 6, a cord, strap or other similar item that is attached to a playpen or sleep accessory must not be capable of forming either of the following loops:

    • (a) a loop inside the occupant retention area that permits the passage of the small head probe illustrated in the figure to that schedule; or

    • (b) a loop outside the occupant retention area that permits the passage of that probe and that, when the loop is pulled into the occupant retention area, remains there.

  • Marginal note:Cords and straps — loops — change table accessories

    (2) When tested in accordance with section 2 of Schedule 6, a cord, strap or other similar item that is designed to restrain a child in a change table accessory that is placed on or fixed to a playpen must not be capable of forming a loop that can be pulled into the occupant retention area of the playpen and that permits the passage of the small head probe illustrated in the figure to that schedule.

Marginal note:Pads

 A floor pad or mattress pad that is supplied with, or that is designed or advertised to be used with, a playpen or sleep accessory respectively must, when it is installed according to the manufacturer’s instructions, meet the following requirements:

  • (a) it must not be more than 38 mm thick; and

  • (b) it must be of such a size that, when it is pushed firmly against any side of the playpen or sleep accessory, it does not leave a gap of more than 30 mm between the floor pad or mattress pad and any part of any other side.

Additional Requirements for Playpens

Marginal note:Stability

 When a playpen is tested in accordance with Schedule 7, at least three support points, each of which is found below or as close as possible to a post and one of which is not in a straight line with the other two, must remain in contact with the inclined plywood sheet.

Marginal note:Height of sides

 When the top rails of the sides of a playpen are placed in the manufacturer’s recommended use position and no load is applied to its playing surface, the upper surface of the top rail of every side must be at least 508 mm higher than the playing surface.

Marginal note:Side deflection

 The upper surface of the top rail of every side of a playpen must

  • (a) when tested in accordance with paragraphs 1(a) to (e) of Schedule 8, be at least 508 mm higher than the playing surface; and

  • (b) when tested in accordance with paragraphs 1(f) to (k) of Schedule 8, be at least 460 mm higher than the playing surface.

Marginal note:Strength of sides

 The top rail of every side of a playpen that has a hinge and the latching or locking mechanisms of the rail must not, when the playpen is tested in accordance with section 2 of Schedule 8, break or disengage.

Marginal note:Rigid top rails — folding playpen

 A rigid top rail of a folding playpen that has at least two hinges that latch or lock when the playpen is placed in the manufacturer’s recommended use position and that permits the top rail to fold vertically downwards from that position when unlatched or unlocked must meet the following requirements:

  • (a) when the top rail is tested in accordance with section 1 of Schedule 9, it must be possible to insert the probe described in that section into the space that is created by the folding of the top rail to a depth that is equal to or greater than the minimum distance between the opposite folded segments of the top rail; and

  • (b) if at least one of the hinges can be unlatched or unlocked independently from any other hinge, when the top rail is tested in accordance with section 2 of Schedule 9, the interior angle that is formed by the folding of the top rail must be at least 75°, measured within a radius of 76 mm of the hinge that is unlatched or unlocked.

Marginal note:Non-rigid top rails

 A non-rigid top rail of a playpen must not, when tested in accordance with section 3 of Schedule 9, deform so that the surfaces or points that are identified on the template that is illustrated in the figure to that section and that are set out in columns 1 and 2 of the table to that section are in simultaneous contact with the top rail.

Marginal note:Top rails affixed to brackets

 A playpen that has brackets that are affixed to its top rails and that are located above its posts must, when the playpen is tested in accordance with Schedule 10, meet the following requirements:

  • (a) the brackets must be free from any visible cracks;

  • (b) the fasteners of each bracket must not pass completely through any bracket wall; and

  • (c) any part of a fastener must not completely detach.

Marginal note:Latching or locking mechanisms — folding playpens

  •  (1) A folding playpen must have a latching or locking mechanism that prevents the playpen from spontaneously folding up or collapsing when the playpen is placed in the manufacturer’s recommended use position.

  • Marginal note:Latching or locking mechanisms — top rails that fold down

    (2) A latching or locking mechanism that is on the top rail of a folding playpen that has a hinge permitting the rail to fold downwards must latch or lock automatically when the rail is placed in the manufacturer’s recommended use position.

Marginal note:Latching or locking mechanisms — operation

 Every latching or locking mechanism on a playpen must meet one of the following requirements:

  • (a) the mechanism requires a single action to latch or lock it and requires a force of at least 45 N to unlatch or unlock it; or

  • (b) the mechanism requires at least two separate, deliberate and simultaneous actions to unlatch or unlock it.

Marginal note:Appearance of latching or locking — top rails

 When a playpen is tested in accordance with Schedule 11, a top rail of a playpen that has a latching or locking mechanism must fold when the mechanism is unlatched or unlocked.

Marginal note:Entanglement

 When a playpen is tested in accordance with Schedule 12, the load illustrated in Figure 2 to that schedule must not remain caught on any mechanism, fastener or projection of the playpen that is accessible to the child.

Marginal note:Structural integrity

 The playing surface of a playpen, any component of the playpen that is located below the playing surface as well as the playpen’s rigid structural components must not exhibit any damage when the playpen is tested in accordance with Schedule 13.

Marginal note:Vertical displacement — removable floor pad with panel

  •  (1) A removable floor pad of a playpen that is composed of a rigid panel or a series of rigid panels must not, when the playpen is tested in accordance with section 1 of Schedule 14, be displaced upwards more than 133 mm.

  • Marginal note:Vertical displacement — removable and foldable component

    (2) A removable and foldable component of a playpen that is composed of a rigid panel or a series of rigid panels and on which a removable floor pad rests must not, when the playpen is tested in accordance with section 2 of Schedule 14, be displaced upwards more than 133 mm.

Additional Requirements for Accessories

Marginal note:Entrapment — accessory placed on or fixed to playpen

  •  (1) When tested in accordance with section 1 of Schedule 15, any opening that is created when an accessory is placed on or fixed to a playpen must not permit the passage of the small head probe illustrated in Figure 1 to that section unless the opening also permits the passage of the large head probe illustrated in Figure 2 to that section.

  • Marginal note:Entrapment — accessory detached or displaced

    (2) When tested in accordance with section 2 of Schedule 15, any opening that is created when an accessory detaches or is displaced from a playpen must not permit the passage of the small head probe illustrated in Figure 1 to section 1 of that schedule.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply in respect of a manufacturer’s recommended use position for an accessory if, in that position, the playpen’s floor pad cannot be used with the playpen.

 
Date modified: