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Patent Rules (SOR/2019-251)

Full Document:  

Regulations are current to 2019-08-28

Patent Rules

SOR/2019-251

PATENT ACT

Registration 2019-06-25

Patent Rules

P.C. 2019-917 2019-06-22

Her Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Industry, pursuant to section 12Footnote a and subsection 20(18) of the Patent ActFootnote b and section 12Footnote c of that Act as it read immediately before October 1, 1989, makes the annexed Patent Rules.

Interpretation

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Marginal note:Definitions

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     (1) The following definitions apply in these Rules.

    Act

    Act means the Patent Act. (Loi)

    Administrative Instructions

    Administrative Instructions means the Administrative Instructions under the Patent Cooperation Treaty, including any modifications made from time to time. (Instructions administratives)

    associate patent agent

    associate patent agent means a patent agent appointed by another patent agent under section 28. (coagent)

    Budapest Treaty

    Budapest Treaty means the Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure, done at Budapest on April 28, 1977, including any amendments and revisions made from time to time to which Canada is a party. (Traité de Budapest)

    common representative

    common representative means an applicant or patentee appointed under section 26, 218, 219 or 220. (représentant commun)

    description

    description means, except in Form 1 of Schedule 1, the part of a specification other than the claims. (description)

    international application

    international application means an application for a patent filed under the Patent Cooperation Treaty. (demande internationale)

    international depositary authority

    international depositary authority has the same meaning as in Article 2(viii) of the Budapest Treaty. (autorité de dépôt internationale)

    national phase entry date

    national phase entry date means the date determined under subsection 155(2) or section 210, as applicable. (date d’entrée en phase nationale)

    patent agent

    patent agent means, except in subparagraph 19(a)(iii) and paragraphs 22(b) and 23(1)(b), any person or firm whose name is entered on the register of patent agents. (agent de brevets)

    Patent Cooperation Treaty

    Patent Cooperation Treaty means the Patent Cooperation Treaty, done at Washington on June 19, 1970, including any amendments, modifications and revisions made from time to time to which Canada is a party. (Traité de coopération en matière de brevets)

    PCT national phase application

    PCT national phase application means an international application in respect of which the applicant

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      (a) has complied with the requirements of subsection 154(1) and, if applicable, subsection 154(2); or

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      (b) has, before the coming into force of these Rules, complied with the requirements of subsection 58(1) of the Patent Rules, as they read immediately before the coming into force of these Rules, and, if applicable, subsection 58(2) of those Rules. (demande PCT à la phase nationale)

    PCT sequence listing standard

    PCT sequence listing standard means the Standard for the Presentation of Nucleotide and Amino Acid Sequence Listings in International Patent Applications under the PCT set out in the Administrative Instructions. (norme PCT de listages des séquences)

    presentation date

    presentation date means the date determined under subsection 103(2), 186(2) or 202(2), as applicable. (date de soumission)

    Regulations under the Budapest Treaty

    Regulations under the Budapest Treaty means the Regulations under the Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure, including any amendments made from time to time. (Règlement d’exécution du Traité de Budapest)

    Regulations under the PCT

    Regulations under the PCT means the Regulations under the Patent Cooperation Treaty, including any amendments made from time to time. (Règlement d’exécution du PCT)

    sequence listing

    sequence listing has the same meaning as in the PCT sequence listing standard. (listage des séquences)

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    Marginal note:Definition of drawing

    (2) For the purposes of the Act and these Rules, drawing includes a photograph.

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    Marginal note:Reference to period

    (3) A reference to a period of time in these Rules is, if the period is extended under section 3 or subsection 160(2) of these Rules or subsection 78(1) of the Act, to be read as a reference to the period as extended.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Clarification

 For greater certainty, for the purposes of these Rules,

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    (a) an application for the reissue of a patent is not considered to be an application for a patent; and

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    (b) a patent granted on the basis of a divisional application that results from the division of an original application is not a patent granted on the basis of the original application.

PART 1Rules of General Application

Extension of Time

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Marginal note:Time fixed by Rules

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     (1) Subject to these Rules, the Commissioner is authorized to extend any period of time fixed by these Rules for doing anything — whether that period has expired or not — if the Commissioner considers that the circumstances justify the extension and if, before the end of that period, the extension is applied for and, except in the case of the period of time fixed by subsection 86(9), the fee set out in item 1 of Schedule 2 is paid.

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    Marginal note:Clarification

    (2) For greater certainty, for the purpose of subsection (1), a period of time fixed by the Act that is dependent on a date that is prescribed by these Rules is not considered to be a period of time fixed by these Rules.

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    Marginal note:Other authorized extensions

    (3) The Commissioner is also authorized to extend the period of time for the payment of a fee referred to in subsection 44(1), 68(1) or (2), 80(1), 86(1), (6), (10) or (12) or 112(1), paragraph 112(5)(a) or (c) or 154(1)(c), subsection 154(2) or subparagraph 154(3)(a)(iii) or (b)(i) or (ii) — whether that period has expired or not — if the Commissioner considers that the circumstances justify the extension and if

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      (a) the amount of the small entity fee was paid before the end of that period;

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      (b) it is later determined that the standard fee should have been paid;

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      (c) the applicant or patentee files a statement that, to the best of their knowledge, the small entity fee was paid in good faith and the application for the extension is being filed without undue delay after the applicant or patentee became aware that the standard fee should have been paid;

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      (d) the applicant or patentee pays the difference between the amount of the small entity fee that was paid and the standard fee that was applicable on the day on which the small entity fee was paid; and

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      (e) the applicant or patentee pays the fee set out in item 1 of Schedule 2.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Time fixed by subsection 18(2) of Act

 The Commissioner is authorized to extend the period of time fixed by subsection 18(2) of the Act — whether that period has expired or not — if the Commissioner considers that the circumstances justify the extension and if, before the end of that period, the extension is applied for and the fee set out in item 1 of Schedule 2 is paid.

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Marginal note:Prescribed days

 The following days are prescribed for the purposes of subsection 78(1) of the Act:

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    (a) Saturday;

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    (b) Sunday;

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    (c) January 1, or if January 1 falls on a Saturday or a Sunday, the following Monday;

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    (d) Good Friday;

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    (e) Easter Monday;

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    (f) the Monday before May 25;

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    (g) June 24, or if June 24 falls on a Saturday or a Sunday, the following Monday;

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    (h) July 1, or if July 1 falls on a Saturday or a Sunday, the following Monday;

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    (i) the first Monday in August;

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    (j) the first Monday in September;

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    (k) the second Monday in October;

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    (l) November 11, or if November 11 falls on a Saturday or a Sunday, the following Monday;

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    (m) December 25 and 26 or

    • (i) if December 25 falls on a Friday, that Friday and the following Monday, and

    • (ii) if December 25 falls on a Saturday or a Sunday, the following Monday and Tuesday; and

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    (n) any day on which the Patent Office is closed to the public for all or part of the day during ordinary business hours.

Communications

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Marginal note:Written communications to Commissioner

 Written communications intended for the Commissioner or the Patent Office must be addressed to the “Commissioner of Patents”.

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Marginal note:Postal address

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     (1) A person who is doing business before the Patent Office must provide the Commissioner with their postal address and a written communication sent by the Commissioner or the Patent Office to that person at that address is, unless the communication is withdrawn, considered to have been sent to that person on the date that it bears.

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    Marginal note:Email address

    (2) If a person who is doing business before the Patent Office provides the Commissioner with their email address and authorizes the sending of communications to that address, a written communication sent by the Commissioner or the Patent Office as an email attachment to that person at that address is, unless the communication is withdrawn, considered to have been sent to that person on the date borne by the communication.

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Marginal note:One patent or application for patent per communication

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     (1) A written communication intended for the Commissioner or the Patent Office must not relate to more than one patent or one application for a patent.

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    Marginal note:Exceptions

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of a written communication relating to

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      (a) a change in a name or an address;

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      (b) a transfer;

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      (c) a request to register a document;

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      (d) a fee to maintain in effect an application for a patent or the rights accorded by a patent;

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      (e) an appointment, or revocation of an appointment, of a patent agent; or

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      (f) a correction of an error, if the error and correction are the same in each patent or application for a patent.

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Marginal note:Minimum content of written communications — applications

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     (1) A written communication in respect of an application for a patent that is intended for the Commissioner or the Patent Office must include the name of the applicant and the application number or, if the application number is not known, information that allows the application to be identified.

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    Marginal note:Minimum content of written communications — patents

    (2) A written communication in respect of a patent that is intended for the Commissioner or the Patent Office must include the name of the patentee and the patent number.

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Marginal note:Manner of submitting documents, information or fees

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     (1) Unless they are submitted by electronic means under subsection 8.1(1) of the Act, any documents, information or fees must be submitted to the Commissioner or the Patent Office by physical delivery to the Patent Office or to an establishment that is designated by the Commissioner as being accepted for that purpose.

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    Marginal note:Date of receipt — physical delivery to Patent Office

    (2) Documents, information or fees that are submitted to the Commissioner or the Patent Office by physical delivery to the Patent Office are deemed to have been received by the Commissioner

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      (a) if they are delivered when the Office is open to the public, on the day on which they are delivered; and

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      (b) if they are delivered when the Office is closed to the public, on the first day on which the Office is next open to the public.

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    Marginal note:Date of receipt — physical delivery to designated establishment

    (3) Documents, information or fees that are submitted to the Commissioner or the Patent Office by physical delivery to a designated establishment are deemed to have been received by the Commissioner

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      (a) if they are delivered when the establishment is open to the public,

      • (i) in the case where the Patent Office is open to the public for all or part of the day on which they are delivered, on that day, and

      • (ii) in any other case, on the first day on which the Patent Office is next open to the public; and

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      (b) if they are delivered when the establishment is closed to the public, on the first day on which the Patent Office is next open to the public that falls on or after the day on which the establishment is next open to the public.

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    Marginal note:Date of receipt — submission by electronic means

    (4) Documents, information or fees that are submitted by electronic means under subsection 8.1(1) of the Act are deemed to have been received by the Commissioner on the day on which, according to the local time of the place where the Patent Office is located, the Patent Office receives them.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Communication sent before general refusal

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     (1) If the Commissioner refuses to recognize a person as a patent agent or an attorney under section 16 of the Act generally, any communication in respect of a patent or an application for a patent that is sent by the Commissioner or by the Patent Office to that person is considered not to have been sent to the patentee or applicant if

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      (a) it is sent within four months before the date of the refusal and no reply was made before that date; or

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      (b) it is sent on the date of the refusal.

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    Marginal note:Communication sent before specific refusal

    (2) If the Commissioner refuses, under section 16 of the Act, to recognize a person as a patent agent or an attorney in respect of a patent or an application for a patent, any communication in respect of that patent or that application for a patent that is sent by the Commissioner or by the Patent Office to that person is considered not to have been sent to the patentee or applicant if

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      (a) it is sent within four months before the date of the refusal and no reply was made before that date; or

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      (b) it is sent on the date of the refusal.

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    Marginal note:Communication sent before removal

    (3) If the Commissioner removes the name of a person from the register of patent agents under subsection 23(2), any communication respecting a patent or an application for a patent that is sent by the Commissioner or by the Patent Office to that person is considered not to have been sent to the patentee or applicant if

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      (a) it is sent within four months before the date of the removal and no reply was made before that date; or

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      (b) it is sent on the date of the removal.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Acknowledgment by Commissioner

 A written communications submitted to the Commissioner in respect of a filing under section 34.1 of the Act and a written communication submitted to the Commissioner before the granting of a patent with the stated or apparent intention of protesting against the granting of that patent must be acknowledged, but information must not be given as to the action taken unless the application for the patent is open to public inspection at the Patent Office.

Presentation of Documents to Commissioner or Patent Office

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Marginal note:Manner of submission

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     (1) Subject to subsection (2), documents submitted in paper form in connection with a patent and an application for a patent must

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      (a) be submitted on sheets of white paper that are free of creases and folds and that are 21.6 cm x 27.9 cm (8.5” x 11”) or 21 cm x 29.7 cm (A4 format);

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      (b) be submitted in a manner that permits direct reproduction by the Patent Office; and

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      (c) be free of interlineations, cancellations or corrections.

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    Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Certified copies of documents and documents concerning transfers referred to in section 49 of the Act may be submitted on sheets of paper that are not larger than 21.6 cm x 35.6 cm (8.5” x 14”).

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Marginal note:Layout

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     (1) Subject to subsection (2), the contents of each page of a document must be in an upright position.

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    Marginal note:Exception

    (2) If it aids in presentation, figures, tables and chemical or mathematical formulas may appear sideways with the top of the figures, tables or formulas at the left side of the page.

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Marginal note:Documents not in English or French

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     (1) The Commissioner must not have regard to any part of a document submitted to the Commissioner or to the Patent Office in a language other than English or French, except for

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      (a) a document submitted or made available under paragraph 67(2)(b) or 72(3)(a) or subsection 74(1);

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      (b) the specification and the drawings included in an application for a patent on its filing date if, on or before the filing date, the document referred to in paragraph 71(d) is partly or entirely in a language other than English or French;

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      (c) a document submitted under paragraph 85(1)(b);

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      (d) a copy of an international application submitted under paragraph 154(1)(a); or

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      (e) text matter contained in a sequence listing.

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    Marginal note:Translation — previously filed application for a patent

    (2) If, under paragraph 67(2)(b), a copy of a previously filed application for a patent is submitted to the Commissioner or made available in a digital library in a language other than English or French, the applicant must submit to the Commissioner an English or French translation of that application.

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    Marginal note:Translation — document

    (3) If the applicant, for the purpose of obtaining a filing date, submits to the Commissioner a document that is partly or entirely in a language other than English or French and that on its face appears to be a description, the applicant must submit to the Commissioner an English or French translation to replace any part of the specification and the drawings that, on its filing date, is included in the application and is not in English or French.

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    Marginal note:Notice requiring translation

    (4) If an applicant does not submit a translation required by subsection (2) or (3), the Commissioner must by notice require the applicant to submit the translation to the Commissioner not later than two months after the date of the notice.

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    Marginal note:Translation replaces specification and drawings

    (5) The specification and the drawings contained in a translation of a previously filed application for a patent submitted under subsection (2), or submitted after the notice referred to in subsection (4) is sent, replace the specification and the drawings included in the previously filed application that are deemed by subsection 27.01(2) of the Act to have been contained in the application.

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    Marginal note:Restriction

    (6) The specification and the drawings contained in an application for a patent as a result of a replacement under subsection (3), (4) or (5) must not contain any matter not reasonably to be inferred from the specification or the drawings contained in the application on its filing date.

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    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (7) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the time referred to in subsection (4).

Confidentiality

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Marginal note:Information respecting application for patent

 Unless otherwise required by law, the Commissioner and the Patent Office must not provide any information in respect of an application for a patent that is not open to public inspection at the Patent Office to any person other than

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    (a) the applicant or, if there are joint applicants, any of the applicants;

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    (b) a patent agent appointed in respect of that application who resides in Canada; or

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    (c) a person authorized by

    • (i) the applicant, if there is a single applicant,

    • (ii) the common representative, if there are joint applicants, or

    • (iii) a patent agent appointed in respect of that application who resides in Canada.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed date — withdrawal of request for priority

 For the purposes of subsection 10(4) of the Act, if a request for priority is withdrawn with respect to a previously regularly filed application for a patent, the prescribed date is the earlier of

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    (a) the day on which a period of 16 months after the filing date of the previously regularly filed application expires, and

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    (b) if the request for priority is based on more than one previously regularly filed application, the day on which a period of 16 months after the earliest of the filing dates of those applications expires.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed date — withdrawn application

 For the purposes of subsection 10(5) of the Act, the prescribed date is the earlier of

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    (a) the day that is two months before the expiry date of the confidentiality period referred to in subsection 10(2) of the Act, and

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    (b) if applicable, the day on which the applicant submits their approval under subsection 10(2) of the Act for the application for a patent to be open to public inspection before the expiry of the confidentiality period.

Register of Patent Agents

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Eligibility for qualifying examination

 A person is eligible to sit for a paper of the qualifying examination for patent agents if the person meets the following requirements:

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    (a) on the day of that paper, the person resides in Canada and

    • (i) has been employed for at least 24 months on the examining staff of the Patent Office,

    • (ii) has worked in Canada in the area of Canadian patent law and practice, including the preparation and prosecution of applications for a patent, for at least 24 months, or

    • (iii) has worked in the area of patent law and practice, including the preparation and prosecution of applications for a patent, for at least 24 months, at least 12 of which were worked in Canada and the rest of which were worked in another country where the person was authorized to act as a patent agent under the law of that country; and

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    (b) not later than two months after the day on which the notice referred to in subsection 21(2) is published, the person

    • (i) notifies the Commissioner in writing of their intention to sit for that paper,

    • (ii) pays the fee set out in item 2 of Schedule 2 for that paper, and

    • (iii) furnishes the Commissioner with a statement indicating that they will meet the requirements set out in paragraph (a), along with supporting justifications.

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Marginal note:Establishment of Examining Board

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     (1) An Examining Board is established for the purposes of preparing, administering and marking a qualifying examination for patent agents.

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    Marginal note:Membership

    (2) The Commissioner must appoint the members of the Board. The chairperson and at least three other members must be employees of the Patent Office and at least five other members must be patent agents nominated by the Intellectual Property Institute of Canada.

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Marginal note:Frequency of qualifying examination

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     (1) The Examining Board must administer a qualifying examination for patent agents at least once a year.

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    Marginal note:Notice of dates of qualifying examination

    (2) The Commissioner must publish on the website of the Canadian Intellectual Property Office a notice that specifies the dates of the next qualifying examination and indicates that a person must meet the requirements set out in section 19 in order to be eligible to sit for one or more papers of the examination.

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    Marginal note:Designation of place of qualifying examination

    (3) The Commissioner must designate the place or places where the qualifying examination is to be held and must, at least 14 days before the first day of the examination, notify every person who meets the requirements set out in paragraph 19(b) of the designated place or places.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Entry on register

 The Commissioner must, on written request and payment of the fee set out in item 3 of Schedule 2, enter on the register of patent agents kept under section 15 of the Act the name of

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) every resident of Canada who has passed the qualifying examination for patent agents;

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    (b) every resident of a country other than Canada who is authorized to act as a patent agent under the law of that country; and

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    (c) every firm with at least one member who has their name entered on the register.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Maintaining name on register

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     (1) During the period beginning on January 1 and ending on March 31 of each year

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      (a) a resident of Canada whose name is entered on the register of patent agents must, in order to maintain their name on the register, pay the fee set out in item 4 of Schedule 2;

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      (b) a resident of a country other than Canada whose name is entered on the register of patent agents must, in order to maintain their name on the register, file a statement signed by them setting out their country of residence and declaring that they are authorized to act as a patent agent under the law of that country; and

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      (c) a firm whose name is entered on the register of patent agents must, in order to maintain its name on the register, file a statement, signed by one of its members whose name is on the register, that indicates all of the members of the firm whose names are on the register.

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    Marginal note:Removal from register

    (2) The Commissioner must remove from the register of patent agents the name of any patent agent who

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      (a) fails to comply with subsection (1); or

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      (b) is not a person referred to in paragraph 22(a) or (b) or a firm referred to in paragraph 22(c).

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    Marginal note:Notice of removal

    (3) If the Commissioner removes the name of a patent agent from the register of patent agents under subsection (2), the Commissioner must notify them of the decision and publish the decision on the website of the Canadian Intellectual Property Office.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Reinstatement

 If the name of a patent agent has been removed from the register of patent agents under subsection 23(2), it may be reinstated on the register if the patent agent

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    (a) applies in writing to the Commissioner for reinstatement not later than one year after the day on which their name was removed from the register; and

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    (b) is, as the case may be,

    • (i) a person referred to in paragraph 22(a) and pays the fees set out in items 4 and 5 of Schedule 2,

    • (ii) a person referred to in paragraph 22(b) and files the statement referred to in paragraph 23(1)(b), or

    • (iii) a firm referred to in paragraph 22(c) and files the statement referred to in paragraph 23(1)(c).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Amendment of register

 If the Commissioner refuses to recognize a person as a patent agent under section 16 of the Act, the Commissioner must amend the register accordingly and notify that person of the decision and must publish the decision on the website of the Canadian Intellectual Property Office.

Appointment of Common Representative

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Power of joint applicants to appoint common representative

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     (1) If, in respect of an application for a patent, there are joint applicants, one applicant may be appointed by the other applicants as their common representative.

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    Marginal note:Power of joint patentees to appoint common representative

    (2) If, in respect of a patent, there are joint patentees, one patentee may be appointed by the other patentees as their common representative.

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    Marginal note:Manner of appointment

    (3) The appointment of a common representative must be made by one of the following methods:

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      (a) in respect of a patent or an application for a patent, in a notice to that effect that is signed by the other applicants or patentees and submitted to the Commissioner;

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      (b) in respect of an application for a patent — other than a divisional application or an international application — that includes a petition on the filing date, in that petition; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) in respect of a PCT national phase application, in a notice to that effect that is submitted to the Commissioner on or before the national phase entry date of that application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Common representative by default — application for patent

    (4) Subject to subsections (6), (9) and (11), in respect of an application for a patent — other than a divisional application — in relation to which there are joint applicants and no common representative is appointed under subsection (3), the following person is deemed to be appointed as the common representative:

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) in respect of an application for a patent, other than a PCT national phase application,

      • (i) in the case where the application included a petition on the filing date, the first person named as an applicant in that petition,

      • (ii) in the case where, on the filing date, the application did not include a petition but did include a single other document naming the joint applicants, the joint applicant whose name appears first in that document, and

      • (iii) in any other case, the joint applicant whose name appears first when listed in alphabetical order on the filing date; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in respect of a PCT national phase application,

      • (i) if joint applicants are named in the corresponding request under Article 4 of the Patent Cooperation Treaty, if more than one applicant complied with the requirements of subsection 154(1) and, if applicable, subsection 154(2), and if the first person named as an applicant in that request is one of those applicants, the first person named as an applicant in that request, and

      • (ii) in any other case, the joint applicant who complied with the requirements of subsection 154(1) and, if applicable, subsection 154(2), and whose name appears first when listed in alphabetical order.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Common representative by default — divisional application

    (5) Subject to subsections (6), (9) and (11), in respect of a divisional application, in relation to which there are joint applicants and no common representative is appointed under paragraph (3)(a), the following person is deemed to be appointed as the common representative:

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) if, at the end of the day on the presentation date of the divisional application, the person who was the common representative in respect of the original application was an applicant of the divisional application, that person; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in any other case, the first person named as an applicant in the petition contained in the divisional application on its presentation date.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Common representative by default — correction or decision

    (6) Subject to subsections (9) and (11), in respect of an application for a patent in relation to which there are joint applicants and no common representative is appointed under subsection (3), if a correction has been made to the name of a joint applicant under section 104 or subsection 154(6) and the correction has changed the identity of that joint applicant, or if a decision is made by the Commissioner under subsection 31(2), (3) or (4) of the Act, other than a decision refusing an application under one of those subsections, the joint applicant whose name appears first when listed in alphabetical order after that correction or decision — or if there is more than one correction or decision, or both a correction and a decision, after the most recent of those corrections or decisions — is deemed to be appointed as the common representative.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Common representative by default — patent

    (7) Subject to subsections (9) and (11), in respect of a patent — other than a reissued patent — in relation to which there are joint patentees and no common representative is appointed under paragraph (3)(a), the person who, immediately before the patent was granted, was the common representative in respect of the application on the basis of which the patent was granted, is deemed to be appointed as the common representative in respect of the patent.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Common representative by default — reissued patent

    (8) Subject to subsections (9) and (11), in respect of a reissued patent, in relation to which there are joint patentees and no common representative is appointed under paragraph (3)(a), the person who was the common representative in respect of the original patent immediately before the patent was reissued is deemed to be appointed as the common representative in respect of the reissued patent.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Common representative by default — transfer of rights of single applicant or patentee

    (9) Subject to subsection (11), in the case where, under section 49 of the Act, the Commissioner, on or after the applicable date referred to in subsection (10), recorded the transfer of all or part of the rights of an applicant in an application for a patent or all or part of the rights of a patentee in a patent, as set out in the records of the Patent Office immediately before the transfer is recorded, that applicant was the only applicant of the application immediately before the transfer was recorded, or that patentee was the only patentee of the patent immediately before the transfer was recorded, no other person has been a single applicant of that application or a single patentee of that patent since that transfer was recorded and no common representative has been appointed under subsection (3) in respect of that application or that patent, the following person is deemed to be appointed as the common representative in respect of that patent or application:

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) if, immediately after the transfer is recorded, the person who transferred those rights is still an applicant of the application or a patentee of the patent, that person; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if, immediately after the transfer is recorded, the person who transferred those rights is no longer an applicant of the application or a patentee of the patent, the transferee whose name appears first in the request to record the transfer.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Applicable date

    (10) For the purposes of subsection (9), the applicable date is

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) in respect of an application for a patent, other than a PCT national phase application or a divisional application, the filing date of the application;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in respect of a PCT national phase application, the national phase entry date;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) in respect of a divisional application, the presentation date of the application;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (d) despite paragraphs (a) to (c), in respect of an application in relation to which one or more corrections or decisions referred to in subsection (6) have been made, the date of that correction or decision or, if there is more than one correction or decision, or both a correction and a decision, the date of the most recent of those corrections or decisions;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (e) in respect of a patent, other than a reissued patent, the date on which the patent was granted; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (f) in respect of a reissued patent, the date on which the patent was reissued.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Common representative by default — transfer of rights of common representative

    (11) If, under section 49 of the Act, the Commissioner records the transfer of all of the rights of a common representative in a patent or an application for a patent, as set out in the records of the Patent Office immediately before the transfer is recorded, and, immediately after the transfer is recorded, there is still more than one applicant for the patent or more than one patentee for the patent but no other common representative is appointed under paragraph (3)(a), the following person is deemed to be appointed as the common representative in respect of that patent or application:

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) if the rights of the common representative are transferred to a single person, that person; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if the rights of the common representative are transferred to more than one person, the transferee whose name appears first in the request to record the transfer.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Revocation of appointment

    (12) An appointment of a common representative, including a deemed appointment, is revoked by the subsequent appointment of another common representative under paragraph (3)(a) or subsection (11).

Appointment of Patent Agents

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Power to appoint patent agent

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) An applicant for a patent, a patentee or other person may appoint a patent agent to represent them in any business before the Patent Office.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Mandatory appointment of patent agent

    (2) An applicant for a patent must appoint a patent agent to represent them before the Patent Office in respect of their application for a patent if

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the application is filed by a person other than the inventor;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) there is more than one inventor and the application is not filed jointly by all of the inventors; or

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) a transfer, in whole or in part, of the application has been recorded by the Commissioner under section 49 of the Act.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Manner of appointment by applicant or patentee

    (3) The appointment of a patent agent by an applicant for a patent or a patentee must be made by one of the following methods:

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) in respect of a patent or an application for a patent, in a notice to that effect that is submitted to the Commissioner and signed by

      • (i) the applicant or patentee, if there is a single applicant or patentee, or

      • (ii) the common representative, if there are joint applicants or patentees;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in respect of an application for a patent — other than a divisional application or an international application — that includes a petition on the filing date, in that petition;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) in respect of a PCT national phase application, in a notice to that effect submitted to the Commissioner on or before the national phase entry date of that application; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (d) in respect of a divisional application, in the petition included in the application on its presentation date.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Manner of appointment by another person

    (4) The appointment of a patent agent, other than an associate patent agent, by a person other than an applicant for a patent or a patentee must be made in a notice to that effect that is signed by that person and submitted to the Commissioner.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Consent to appointment

    (5) If a person, other than a patent agent, submits to the Commissioner a document appointing a patent agent, other than an associate patent agent, the appointment is not effective until evidence of the consent to that appointment by the patent agent who is being appointed is submitted to the Commissioner.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Patent agent by default — patent

    (6) If a person appoints a patent agent to represent them before the Patent Office in respect of an application for a patent, the person is deemed, unless the appointment document indicates otherwise, to have also appointed the patent agent to represent them before the Patent Office in respect of any patent granted on the basis of that application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Revocation — appointment by applicant or patentee

    (7) The appointment, including a deemed appointment, of a patent agent in respect of any business before the Patent Office by an applicant for a patent or a patentee is revoked if

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) a notice to that effect is submitted to the Commissioner and signed by the patent agent or by

      • (i) the applicant or patentee, if there is a single applicant or patentee, or

      • (ii) the common representative, if there are joint applicants or patentees;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the Commissioner refuses, under section 16 of the Act, to recognize the patent agent as a patent agent either generally or in respect of that business; or

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) the Commissioner, under subsection 23(2), removes the name of the patent agent from the register of patent agents.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Revocation — appointment by another person

    (8) The appointment, including a deemed appointment, of a patent agent, other than an associate patent agent, in respect of any business before the Patent Office by a person other than an applicant for a patent or a patentee is revoked if

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) a notice to that effect, signed by the patent agent or that person, is submitted to the Commissioner;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the Commissioner refuses under section 16 of the Act to recognize the patent agent as a patent agent either generally or in respect of that business; or

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) the Commissioner, under subsection 23(2), removes the name of the patent agent from the register of patent agents.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Power to appoint associate patent agent

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) A patent agent appointed by an applicant for a patent, a patentee or other person to represent them in any business before the Patent Office may appoint a patent agent who resides in Canada as an associate patent agent in respect of that business.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Mandatory appointment of associate patent agent

    (2) A patent agent who does not reside in Canada and is appointed as the patent agent by an applicant for a patent, a patentee or other person to represent them in any business before the Patent Office, must appoint a patent agent who resides in Canada as an associate patent agent in respect of that business.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Manner of appointment

    (3) The appointment of an associate patent agent must be made by one of the following methods:

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) in respect of a patent or an application for a patent, in a notice to that effect that is signed by the patent agent appointing the associate patent agent and submitted to the Commissioner;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in respect of an application for a patent — other than a divisional application or an international application — that includes a petition on the filing date, in that petition if the petition is submitted by a patent agent;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) in respect of a PCT national phase application, in a notice to that effect submitted to the Commissioner by a patent agent on or before the national phase entry date of that application; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (d) in respect of a divisional application, in the petition included in the application on its presentation date if the petition is submitted by a patent agent.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Associate patent agent by default — patents

    (4) If a patent agent appoints an associate patent agent in respect of an application for a patent, the patent agent is deemed, unless the appointment document indicates otherwise, to have also appointed the associate agent in respect of any patent granted on the basis of the application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Revocation of appointment of associate patent agent

    (5) The appointment, including a deemed appointment, of an associate patent agent in respect of any business before the Patent Office is revoked if

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) a notice to that effect, signed by the associate patent agent or the patent agent who appointed the associate patent agent, is submitted to the Commissioner;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the appointment of the patent agent who appointed the associate patent agent is revoked in respect of that business;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) the Commissioner refuses, under section 16 of the Act, to recognize the associate patent agent as a patent agent, either generally or in respect of that business; or

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (d) the Commissioner, under subsection 23(2), removes the name of the associate patent agent from the register of patent agents.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Address

 The patent agent’s postal address must be included in the document appointing the patent agent.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Patent agent by default — transfer

 If the Commissioner records the transfer of a patent or an application for a patent under section 49 of the Act for which a patent agent, other than an associate patent agent, is appointed to represent the applicant or patentee before the Patent Office in respect of that patent or application, the transferee is deemed, unless otherwise indicated in the request to record the transfer, to have appointed the patent agent to represent them in respect of the patent or the application, as applicable.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Notice requiring appointment of patent agent

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If an applicant for a patent is required under subsection 27(2) to appoint a patent agent but no patent agent is appointed, the Commissioner must by notice to the applicant require that, not later than three months after the date of the notice, the applicant appoint either a patent agent who resides in Canada or a non-resident patent agent who, in turn, not later than the same three months, must appoint an associate patent agent.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Notice requiring appointment of Canadian resident

    (2) If an applicant for a patent is required under subsection 27(2) to appoint a patent agent and the applicant appoints a patent agent who does not reside in Canada but, contrary to subsection 28(2), no associate patent agent is appointed, the Commissioner must by notice to the non-resident patent agent require that, not later than three months after the date of the notice, either

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the non-resident patent agent appoint an associate patent agent, or

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the applicant appoint either a patent agent who resides in Canada or a different non-resident patent agent who, in turn, must appoint an associate patent agent not later than the same three months.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Subsection (2) does not apply during the three-month period referred to in subsection (1).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Successor patent agent

 If a patent agent withdraws from practice, a patent agent who is the successor to that patent agent and has demonstrated that fact to the Commissioner, is deemed to be the patent agent appointed under section 27 or 28, as applicable, in respect of any patent or application for a patent in respect of which the patent agent who has withdrawn from practice was appointed.

Representation

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Effect of act by common representative

 Subject to sections 36 and 37, in any business before the Patent Office, an act done in respect of a patent or an application for a patent, by or in relation to a common representative, has the effect of an act done by or in relation to all of the applicants or patentees.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Effect of act by patent agent

 Subject to sections 36 and 37, in any business before the Patent Office, an act done in respect of a patent or an application for a patent, by or in relation to a patent agent, other than an associate patent agent, who resides in Canada and is appointed in respect of that application or patent, has the same effect as an act done by or in relation to the applicant for a patent, a patentee or other person who appointed the patent agent.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Effect of act by associate patent agent

 Subject to sections 36 and 37, in any business before the Patent Office, an act done in respect of a patent or an application for a patent, by or in relation to an associate patent agent appointed in respect of that application or patent, has the same effect as an act done by or in relation to the applicant for a patent, a patentee or other person who appointed the patent agent who appointed the associate patent agent.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prosecuting or maintaining in effect application for patent

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Subject to subsections (2) to (5), in any business before the Patent Office for the purpose of prosecuting or maintaining in effect an application for a patent,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) if, in respect of the application, a patent agent residing in Canada is appointed or if there is a requirement under subsection 27(2) to appoint a patent agent, the applicant must be represented by a patent agent who resides in Canada and is appointed in respect of that application; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in any other case,

      • (i) if there is a single applicant, they must represent themselves, and

      • (ii) if there are joint applicants, they must be represented by the common representative.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exceptions

    (2) For the purposes of filing an application for a patent, paying a fee under subsection 27(2) or section 27.1 of the Act or paying the additional fee for late payment referred to in subsection 154(4) of these Rules, or complying with the requirements of subsection 154(1), (2) or (3) of these Rules,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) if there is a single applicant, they must represent themselves or be represented by a person authorized by the applicant; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if there are joint applicants, they must be represented by one of the applicants or by a person authorized by one of the applicants.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exceptions

    (3) For the purpose of submitting a request to record a transfer under subsection 49(2) of the Act,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) if there is a single applicant, they must represent themselves or be represented by a person authorized by the applicant; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if there are joint applicants,

      • (i) in the case where the transfer is a transfer of the right or interest of a single joint applicant, the joint applicants must be represented by that joint applicant or by the common representative, or by a person authorized by that joint applicant or by the common representative, and

      • (ii) in any other case, the joint applicants must be represented by the common representative or by a person authorized by the common representative.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exceptions

    (4) For the purposes of submitting a request to record a name change under section 125,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) if there is a single applicant, they must represent themselves or be represented by a person authorized by the applicant; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if there are joint applicants, they must be represented by the common representative or by a person authorized by the common representative.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exceptions

    (5) For the purposes of section 27.01 or 28.01 of the Act, for the purpose of paying a fee in respect of an application for a patent — other than a fee under subsection 27(2) or section 27.1 of the Act or a fee referred to in subsection 154(1), (2), (3) or (4) of these Rules — or for the purpose of taking any of the actions required by subparagraphs 73(3)(a)(i) to (iv) of the Act to reinstate an application for a patent deemed to be abandoned under paragraph 73(1)(c) of the Act,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) if there is a single applicant, they may represent themselves; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if there are joint applicants, they may be represented by the common representative.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Procedure relating to patent

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Subject to subsection (2), in any business before the Patent Office for the purpose of a procedure relating to a patent,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) if there is a single patentee, they must represent themselves or be represented by any person authorized by them; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if there are joint patentees,

      • (i) for the purpose of paying a fee under section 46 of the Act, the patentees must be represented by one of the patentees or by a person authorized by one of the patentees,

      • (ii) for the purpose of submitting a request to record a transfer under subsection 49(3) of the Act,

        • (A) in the case where the transfer is a transfer of the right or interest of a single joint patentee, the joint patentees must be represented by that joint patentee or by the common representative, or by a person authorized by that joint patentee or by the common representative, and

        • (B) in any other case, the joint patentees must be represented by the common representative or a person authorized by the common representative, and

      • (iii) for any other purpose, the patentees must be represented by the common representative or by a person authorized by the common representative.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Reissue, disclaimer or participation in re-examination

    (2) In any business before the Patent Office for the purpose of reissuing a patent under section 47 of the Act, making a disclaimer under section 48 of the Act, filing a reply under subsection 48.2(5) of the Act or participating in a re-examination proceeding under section 48.3 of the Act,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) if there is a single patentee, they must represent themselves or be represented by a patent agent who resides in Canada and has been appointed in respect of that business; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if there are joint patentees, the patentees must be represented by the common representative or by a patent agent who resides in Canada and has been appointed in respect of that business.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Clarification

 For greater certainty, sections 33 to 37 do not apply to the act of signing

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) a small entity declaration;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) a notice of appointment of a common representative or a patent agent; or

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) a notice of revocation of an appointment of a patent agent.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Interview with officer or employee

 Only the following persons may have an interview with an officer or employee of the Patent Office regarding an application for a patent:

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) if, in respect of that application, a patent agent residing in Canada is appointed or there is a requirement under subsection 27(2) to appoint a patent agent,

    • (i) a patent agent appointed in respect of that application who resides in Canada,

    • (ii) with the permission of the associate patent agent appointed in respect of that application, a patent agent appointed in respect of that application who does not reside in Canada, and

    • (iii) with the permission of the patent agent appointed in respect of that application who resides in Canada,

      • (A) the applicant, if there is a single applicant, or

      • (B) the common representative, if there are joint applicants; and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) in any other case,

    • (i) the applicant, if there is a single applicant, and

    • (ii) the common representative, if there are joint applicants.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Notice of disregarded communication

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If, in respect of a patent or an application for a patent, a joint applicant or joint patentee who is not the common representative sends a written communication to the Commissioner in respect of any business for which the common representative is entitled to represent the applicants or the patentees, the Commissioner must by notice inform that joint applicant or joint patentee that the Commissioner will not have regard to that communication unless, not later than three months after the date of the notice, that joint applicant or joint patentee is appointed under paragraph 26(3)(a) to represent the applicants or patentees as their common representative and requests that the Commissioner have regard to the communication.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a communication in respect of any business under subsection 36(2), (3) or (4) or to a communication in respect of any business for the purpose of a procedure relating to a patent, other than a communication in respect of business referred to in subsection 37(2).

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Communication deemed received

    (3) If, not later than three months after the date of the notice referred to in subsection (1), the joint applicant or joint patentee who sent a written communication to the Commissioner is appointed under paragraph 26(3)(a) to represent the applicants or patentees as their common representative and requests that the Commissioner have regard to the communication, the communication is deemed to have been received from the common representative on the date on which it was originally received from the joint applicant or joint patentee.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Notice of disregarded communication

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If a patent agent who resides in Canada but who is not appointed to represent an applicant or patentee in respect of a patent or an application for a patent communicates in writing with the Commissioner on behalf of that applicant or patentee in respect of that application or patent, the Commissioner must by notice inform the patent agent that the Commissioner will not have regard to that communication unless, not later than three months after the date of the notice, the patent agent is appointed to represent that applicant or patentee in respect of that application or patent and requests that the Commissioner have regard to the communication.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a communication in respect of any business under subsection 36(2), (3) or (4) or to a communication in respect of any business for the purpose of a procedure relating to a patent, other than a communication in respect of any business referred to in subsection 37(2).

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Communication deemed received

    (3) If, not later than three months after the date of the notice referred to in subsection (1), the patent agent is appointed to represent that applicant or patentee in respect of that patent or application for a patent and requests that the Commissioner have regard to the communication, the communication is deemed to have been received from the applicant or patentee on the date on which the communication was originally received from the patent agent.

Government-owned Patents

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Notice to applicant

 If the Governor in Council orders, under subsection 20(17) of the Act, that an invention described in an application for a patent must be treated for the purposes of section 20 of the Act as if it had been assigned or agreed to be assigned to the Minister of National Defence, the Commissioner must, as soon as the Commissioner is informed of the order, notify the applicant.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Inspection of defence-related application for patent

 The Commissioner must permit a public servant who is authorized in writing by the Minister of National Defence, or an officer of the Canadian Forces who is authorized in writing by the Minister of National Defence, to inspect a pending application for a patent that relates to an instrument or munition of war to do so and to obtain a copy of the application.

Presentation of Application for a Patent

General

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Application fee

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of subsection 27(2) of the Act, the prescribed application fee is

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the small entity fee set out in item 6 of Schedule 2, if the small entity status condition set out in subsection (2) is met and a small entity declaration is filed in respect of the application for a patent in accordance with subsection (3),

      • (i) on or before the filing date of the application or, in the case of a divisional application, on or before the presentation date of the divisional application, or

      • (ii) if a notice is required to be given under subsection 27(7) of the Act, before the notice is given or, if the notice has been given, not later than three months after the date of the notice; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in any other case, the standard fee set out in that item.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Small entity status condition

    (2) The small entity status condition is that

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) in respect of an application for a patent — other than a PCT national phase application or a divisional application — the applicant of the application on the filing date is, on that date, an entity that has 50 employees or less or is a university, other than

      • (i) an entity that is controlled directly or indirectly by an entity, other than a university, that has more than 50 employees, or

      • (ii) an entity that has transferred or licensed, or has an obligation other than a contingent obligation to transfer or license, any right or interest in a claimed invention to an entity, other than a university, that has more than 50 employees;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in respect of an international application, the applicant of the application on the national phase entry date is, on that date, an entity that has 50 employees or less or is a university, other than an entity referred to in subparagraph (a)(i) or (ii); and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) in respect of a divisional application, the applicable requirements of this subsection are met in respect of the original application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Small entity declaration

    (3) A small entity declaration must

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) be filed with the Commissioner in the petition or in a document other than the abstract, the specification or the drawings, that identifies the application for a patent to which the declaration relates;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) contain a statement to the effect that the applicant believes that the small entity status condition set out in subsection (2) is met in respect of that application for a patent;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) be signed by a patent agent appointed in respect of that application or

      • (i) the applicant, if there is a single applicant, or

      • (ii) any one of the applicants, if there are joint applicants; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (d) indicate the name of the applicant and, if applicable, the name of the patent agent signing the declaration.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (4) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the times referred to in subsection (1).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Late fee

 For the purposes of subsection 27(7) of the Act, the prescribed late fee is the fee set out in item 7 of Schedule 2.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Text in English or French

 The text matter in the abstract, the description, the drawings and the claims, other than any text matter contained in a sequence listing, must be entirely in English or entirely in French.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Page margins — description, claims and abstract

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) The minimum margins of pages that contain the description, the claims or the abstract must be as follows:

    • top margin, 2 cm
    • left margin, 2.5 cm
    • right margin, 2 cm
    • bottom margin, 2 cm
  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Page margins — drawings

    (2) The minimum margins of pages containing the drawings must be as follows:

    • top margin, 2.5 cm
    • left margin, 2.5 cm
    • right margin, 1.5 cm
    • bottom margin, 1 cm
  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Blank margins

    (3) Subject to subsections (4) and (5), the margins of the pages referred to in subsections (1) and (2) must be completely blank.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:File reference

    (4) The top margin of the pages referred to in subsections (1) and (2) may contain in either corner an indication of the applicant’s file reference.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Line numbering

    (5) The lines of each page of the description and of the claims may be numbered in the left margin.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Line spacing

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) All text matter in the description and the claims must be at least 1 1/2 line spaced, except for sequence listings, tables and chemical and mathematical formulas.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Font size

    (2) All text matter in the description and the claims must be in characters the capital letters of which are not less than 0.21 cm in height.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:New page

 The petition, the abstract, the description, the drawings and the claims must each begin on a new page.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Page numbering

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) The pages of the specification must be numbered consecutively.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Position of page numbers

    (2) The page numbers must be centered at the top or bottom of each page, but must not be placed in the margin.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:No drawings

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) The petition, the abstract, the description and the claims must not contain drawings.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Formulas

    (2) The abstract, the description and the claims may contain chemical or mathematical formulas.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Identification of trademarks

 A trademark mentioned in an abstract, a specification or a drawing must be identified as such.

Petition

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Title and content

 A petition must bear the title “Petition” or “Request” and must contain

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) a request for the grant of a patent;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) the title of the invention; and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) the name and postal address of the applicant.

Inventors and Entitlement

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Information on inventors

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) The application must indicate the name and postal address of each inventor of the subject-matter of the invention for which an exclusive privilege or property is claimed.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Statement

    (2) The application must contain a statement to the effect that either

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the applicant is or, if there are joint applicants, the applicants are entitled to apply for a patent, or

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the applicant is the sole inventor of the subject-matter of the invention for which an exclusive privilege or property is claimed or, if there are joint applicants, the applicants are all inventors and the sole inventors of that subject-matter.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Manner of presentation

    (3) The statement and information required by this section must be included in the petition or submitted in a document other than the abstract, the specification or the drawings.

Abstract

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Inclusion of abstract

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) An application for a patent must contain an abstract that has a concise summary of the disclosure that appears in the description, claims and drawings and, if applicable, must include the chemical formula that, among all the formulas included in the application, best characterizes the invention.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Technical field

    (2) The abstract must specify the technical field to which the invention relates.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Drafting

    (3) The abstract must be drafted in a manner that allows an understanding of the technical problem, the gist of the solution of that problem by means of the invention and the principal use or uses of the invention.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Scanning tool

    (4) The abstract must be drafted in a manner that can efficiently serve as a scanning tool for the purposes of searching in the particular art.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Word limit

    (5) The abstract must not contain more than 150 words.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Reference to drawings

    (6) In the abstract, a feature may be followed by a reference character placed between parentheses, if that feature is illustrated in the drawings of the application for a patent.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Amendment or replacement of abstract

    (7) If the Commissioner considers that an abstract does not comply with subsections (1) to (6), the Commissioner is authorized to amend or replace the abstract.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Abstract not relevant

    (8) An abstract must not be taken into account for the purpose of interpreting the scope of protection sought or obtained.

Description

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Contents, manner and order

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) The description must include the following information, set out in the following manner and order:

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the title of the invention must be stated in a short and precise manner and must not include a trademark, coined word or personal name;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the technical field to which the invention relates must be specified;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) the background art that, as far as is known to the applicant, is important for the understanding, searching and examination of the invention must be described;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (d) a description of the invention must be set out in terms that permit the technical problem and its solution to be understood, even if that problem is not expressly stated;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (e) the figures in the drawings, if any, must be concisely described;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (f) at least one mode contemplated by the inventor for carrying out the invention must be set out using examples, if appropriate, and with reference to the drawings, if any; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (g) a sequence listing, if required by subsection 58(1), must be included.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception

    (2) The description may be presented in a different manner or order if, because of the nature of the invention, a different manner or order would result in a better understanding or more economical presentation of the invention.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:No incorporation by reference

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) The description must not incorporate any document by reference.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:No reference to certain documents

    (2) The description must not refer to a document that does not form part of the application for a patent unless the document is available to the public.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Identification of documents

    (3) Every document referred to in the description must be fully identified.

Sequence Listings

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:PCT sequence listing standard

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If a specification discloses a nucleotide sequence or amino acid sequence other than a sequence identified as forming a part of the prior art, the description must contain, in respect of that sequence, a sequence listing in electronic form and both the electronic form and the content of the sequence listing must comply with the PCT sequence listing standard.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:One copy per application

    (2) An application for a patent must not contain more than one copy of a particular sequence listing regardless of its form of presentation.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Statement — application originally filed without sequence listing

    (3) If an application for a patent originally filed without a sequence listing is amended to include one, the applicant must file a statement that the listing does not go beyond the disclosure in the application as filed.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Statement — application not in compliance

    (4) If a sequence listing filed in paper form that does not comply with the PCT sequence listing standard or in an electronic form that does not comply with the PCT sequence listing standard is replaced by a sequence listing in an electronic form that does comply with that standard, the applicant must file a statement that the replacement listing does not go beyond the disclosure in the application for a patent as originally filed.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Definitions

    (5) The following definitions apply in this section.

    amino acid sequence

    amino acid sequence has the same meaning as in the PCT sequence listing standard. (séquence d’acides aminés)

    nucleotide sequence

    nucleotide sequence has the same meaning as in the PCT sequence listing standard. (séquence de nucléotides)

Drawings

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Requirements

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Subject to subsection (2), the drawings must be in black, sufficiently dense and dark, well-defined lines to permit legible reproduction and must not be photographs.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception

    (2) If an invention does not admit of illustration by means of drawings complying with subsection (1) but does admit of illustration by means of photographs, the drawings that must be furnished for the purposes of subsection 27(5.1) or (5.2) of the Act may be photographs.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:No colourings

    (3) Except in the case of photographs, the drawings must be without colourings.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Cross-sections

    (4) Except in the case of photographs, cross-sections in the drawings must be indicated by hatching that does not impede the reading of the reference characters and lead lines.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Numbers, letters and lead lines

    (5) All numbers, letters and lead lines in the drawings must be simple and clear.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Proportionality

    (6) Elements of the same figure must be in proportion to each other unless a difference in proportion is necessary for the clarity of the figure.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Font size

    (7) Numbers and letters in the drawings must be at least 0.32 cm in height.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Multiple figures

    (8) A single page of the drawings may contain several figures.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Figure spread out on multiple pages

    (9) If a figure is spread out over two or more pages, each part of the figure must be so arranged that the entire figure can be assembled without concealing any part of the figure.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Numbering of figures

    (10) If there is more than one figure, the figures must be numbered consecutively.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Reference characters

    (11) A reference character not mentioned in the description must not appear in a drawing and vice versa.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Consistent use of reference characters

    (12) A reference character used for a particular feature must be the same throughout the abstract, the specification and the drawings.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:No unnecessary text

    (13) The drawings must not contain text matter except to the extent necessary to understand the drawings.

Claims

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Form

 The claims must be clear and concise and must be fully supported by the description independently of any document referred to in the description.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Numbering of claims

 If there is more than one claim, the claims must be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals beginning with the number “1”.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:No references to description or drawings

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Subject to subsections (2) to (4), the claims must not, except when necessary, rely, in respect of the features of the invention, on references to the description or the drawings and, in particular, they must not rely on such references as “as described in Part blank line of the description” or “as illustrated in figure blank line of the drawings”.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Reference characters

    (2) If the application for a patent contains drawings, the features mentioned in the claims may be followed by the reference characters, placed between parentheses, that appear in the drawings and relate to those features.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Sequence identifier

    (3) If the description contains a sequence listing, the claims may refer to sequences represented in the sequence listing by the sequence identifier, as defined in the PCT sequence listing standard, and preceded by “SEQ ID NO:”.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Deposit of biological material

    (4) If the description refers to a deposit of biological material, the claims may refer to that deposit.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Dependent claim

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Subject to subsection (2), a claim that includes all the features of one or more other claims (referred to in this section as a “dependent claim”) must refer by number to the other claim or claims and must state the additional features claimed.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Reference to preceding claim

    (2) A dependent claim may only refer to a preceding claim or claims.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Reference to claims in the alternative only

    (3) A dependent claim that refers to more than one claim must refer to those claims in the alternative only.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Limitations

    (4) A dependent claim is considered to include all the limitations contained in the claim to which it refers or, if the dependent claim refers to more than one claim, any particular alternative of the dependent claim is considered to include all the limitations contained in the particular claim in respect of which it is considered.

Non-compliant Application for a Patent

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed date — requirements not met

 For the purposes of subsection 27(6) of the Act, the prescribed date is the last day of a period of three months after the date of the notice referred to in that subsection.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Notice

 If, after the filing date, an application for a patent does not comply with the Act or these Rules, the Commissioner may by notice require the applicant to modify the application in order to meet those requirements not later than three months after the date of the notice.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed date — application fee not paid

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of subsection 27(7) of the Act, the prescribed date is the last day of a period of three months after the date of the notice referred to in that subsection.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Application considered withdrawn

    (2) If an applicant fails to comply with a notice given under subsection 27(7) of the Act, the application for a patent is considered to be withdrawn.

Reference to Previously Filed Application for a Patent

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed period

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purpose of section 27.01 of the Act, the prescribed period begins on the earliest date on which the Commissioner receives any document or information under subsection 28(1) of the Act and ends at the earlier of

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the end of a period of two months after that date or, if a notice is sent under subsection 28(2) of the Act, the earlier of

      • (i) the end of a period of two months after the date of the notice, and

      • (ii) the end of a period of six months after the earliest date on which the Commissioner receives any document or information under subsection 28(1) of the Act, and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the filing date.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Prescribed requirements

    (2) The prescribed requirements for the purposes of section 27.01 of the Act are the following:

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the statement referred to in subsection 27.01(1) of the Act must indicate the name of the country or office of filing of the previously filed application for a patent and

      • (i) if the number of the previously filed application for a patent is known to the applicant or to a patent agent appointed in respect of the application, the statement must indicate the number of the previously filed application, and

      • (ii) if the number of the previously filed application for a patent is not known to the applicant or to a patent agent appointed in respect of the application, the statement must indicate

        • (A) the provisional number for the previously filed application given by that office,

        • (B) the date on which the previously filed application was sent to that office, and the statement must be accompanied by a copy of the request portion of the application, or

        • (C) the reference number given to the previously filed application by the applicant and indicated in it, the name and postal address of the applicant, the title of the invention and the date on which the previously filed application was sent to that office; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if the previously filed application for a patent was not filed in Canada, the applicant must, not later than two months after the date of the submission of that statement, either

      • (i) submit to the Commissioner a copy of the previously filed application for a patent, or

      • (ii) make a copy of the previously filed application available to the Commissioner in a digital library that is specified by the Commissioner as being accepted for that purpose and inform the Commissioner that it is so available.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (3) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the times referred to in subsection (1) or (2).

Maintenance Fees — Application for a Patent

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed fee

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Subject to subsection (2), for the purposes of subsection 27.1(1) of the Act, the prescribed fee to maintain an application for a patent in effect is, for an anniversary date set out item 8 of Schedule 2, other than such an anniversary date that, in the case of a PCT national phase application, falls before the national phase entry date of that application,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the small entity fee set out in that item for that anniversary date, if the small entity status condition set out in subsection 44(2) is met and a small entity declaration is filed in respect of the application in accordance with subsection 44(3)

      • (i) on or before that anniversary date, or

      • (ii) if a notice is required to be sent under paragraph 27.1(2)(b) of the Act, before the notice is sent or, if the notice is sent, before the later of the end of a period of six months after that anniversary date and the end of a period of two months after the date of the notice; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in any other case, the standard fee set out in that item for that anniversary date.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception

    (2) For the purposes of subsection 27.1(1) of the Act, the prescribed fee to maintain a divisional application in effect is, for the period beginning on its filing date and ending on its presentation date, the total of

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the small entity fees set out in item 8 of Schedule 2 for the anniversary dates falling in that period, if the small entity status condition set out in subsection 44(2) is met and a small entity declaration is filed in respect of the application in accordance with subsection 44(3)

      • (i) on or before the presentation date, or

      • (ii) if a notice is required to be sent under paragraph 27.1(2)(b) of the Act, before the notice is sent or, if the notice is sent, before the later of the end of a period of six months after the presentation date and the end of a period of two months after the date of the notice, and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in any other case, the standard fees set out in that item for the anniversary dates falling in that period.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (3) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the times referred to in subsection (1) or (2).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Dates

 For the purposes of subsection 27.1(1) and paragraph 73(1)(c) of the Act, the prescribed dates are

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) for a fee referred to in subsection 68(1) of these Rules, the anniversary date for which it is paid; and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) for the fee referred to in subsection 68(2) of these Rules, the presentation date of the divisional application.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Late fee

 For the purposes of subsection 27.1(2) of the Act, the prescribed late fee is the fee set out in item 9 of Schedule 2.

Filing Date

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed documents and information

 The documents and information prescribed for the purposes of subsection 28(1) of the Act are

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) an explicit or implicit indication that the granting of a Canadian patent is being sought;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) information allowing the identity of the applicant to be established;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) information allowing the Commissioner to contact the applicant; and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (d) a document, in any language, that on its face appears to be a description.

Addition to Specification or Addition of Drawing

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Notice of missing parts of application

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If, within two months after the earliest date on which the Commissioner receives any document or information under subsection 28(1) of the Act, the Commissioner finds that a part of the description appears to be missing from the application for a patent, or that the application refers to a drawing that appears to be missing from the application, the Commissioner must by notice inform the applicant accordingly.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Prescribed period for addition

    (2) For the purposes of subsection 28.01(1) of the Act, the additions referred to in that subsection may be made not later than two months after the earliest date on which the Commissioner receives any document or information under subsection 28(1) of the Act or, if the Commissioner notifies the applicant under subsection (1), before the earlier of

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the end of a period of two months after the date of the notice, and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the end of a period of six months after the earliest date on which the Commissioner receives any document or information under subsection 28(1) of the Act.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Prescribed Requirements

    (3) For the purposes of paragraph 28.01(2)(d) of the Act, the prescribed requirements are that the applicant, within the period prescribed by subsection (2),

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) if the previously regularly filed application for a patent was not filed in Canada, must either

      • (i) submit to the Commissioner a copy of that application, or

      • (ii) make a copy of that application available to the Commissioner in a digital library that is specified by the Commissioner as being accepted for that purpose and inform the Commissioner that it is so available;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if that previously regularly filed application for a patent is partly or entirely in a language other than English or French, must submit to the Commissioner a translation in English or French of any part of the application that is in a language other than English or French; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) must submit to the Commissioner an indication as to where, in that previously regularly filed application for a patent or in the translation referred to in paragraph (b), the addition is included.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Prescribed period for withdrawal

    (4) For the purposes of subsection 28.01(2) of the Act, the addition may be withdrawn not later than two months after the earliest date on which the Commissioner receives any document or information under subsection 28(1) of the Act or, if the Commissioner notifies the applicant under subsection (1), not later than two months after the date of the notice.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (5) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the times referred to in this section.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exceptions

    (6) Subsection 28.01(1) of the Act does not apply to a divisional application filed under subsection 36(2) or (2.1) of the Act or to an application for a patent in respect of which a statement is submitted under section 27.01 of the Act.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Prohibited addition

    (7) An applicant must not, under subsection 28.01(1) of the Act, add to the claims included in their application for a patent.

Request for Priority

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Requirements

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of subsection 28.4(2) of the Act, the request for priority must be made in the petition of the pending application for a patent, or in a document other than the abstract, the specification or the drawings included in that application, before the earlier of

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the later of

      • (i) the end of a period of 16 months after the earliest of the filing dates of the previously regularly filed applications for a patent on which the request is based, and

      • (ii) the end of a period of four months after the filing date of the pending application, and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if applicable, the day on which the applicant submits their approval, under subsection 10(2) of the Act, for the application for a patent to be open to public inspection before the expiry of the confidentiality period, unless that approval is withdrawn in time to permit the Commissioner to stop technical preparations to open the application to public inspection.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Time to submit information

    (2) The information required under subsection 28.4(2) of the Act must be submitted to the Commissioner within the time prescribed by subsection (1).

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Requirement

    (3) A request for priority in respect of a pending application for a patent may be based on a previously regularly filed application only if the filing date of the pending application is, or under subsection 28.4(6) of the Act is deemed to be, within 12 months after the filing date of the previously regularly filed application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Correction — error in filing date

    (4) An error in a filing date submitted under subsection 28.4(2) of the Act may be corrected on request submitted before the earlier of

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the end of the time prescribed by subsection (1), as determined using the corrected filing date, and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the end of the time prescribed by subsection (1), as determined using the uncorrected filing date.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Correction — name or number

    (5) An error in the name of a country or office of filing or in the number of an application for a patent submitted under subsection 28.4(2) of the Act may be corrected on request submitted on or before the day on which the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 is paid or, if the final fee is refunded, on or before the day on which the final fee is paid again.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Withdrawal of request for priority

    (6) If a request for priority in respect of a previously regularly filed application for a patent is withdrawn before the end of a period of 16 months after the filing date of that application, the time prescribed by subsection (1) must be determined as if the request for priority had never been made on the basis of that application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (7) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the time prescribed by subsection (1).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Requirements

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If an applicant for a patent has requested priority in respect of a pending application for a patent on the basis of one or more previously regularly filed applications for a patent — other than an application for a patent previously regularly filed in Canada — the applicant must, not later than the day referred to in subsection (2), with respect to each previously regularly filed application,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) submit to the Commissioner a copy of the previously regularly filed application certified by the patent office with which it was filed and a certificate from that office showing the filing date; or

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) make a copy of the previously regularly filed application available to the Commissioner in a digital library that is specified by the Commissioner as being accepted for that purpose and inform the Commissioner that it is so available.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Date

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the day is the latest of

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the last day of a period of 16 months after the earliest of the filing dates of the previously regularly filed applications for a patent on which the request for priority is based,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the last day of a period of four months after the filing date of the pending application for a patent, and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) if the pending application for a patent is a PCT national phase application, the national phase entry date of that application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Withdrawal of request for priority

    (3) If a request for priority is withdrawn with respect to a previously regularly filed application for a patent before the end of a period of 16 months after the filing date of that application, the time prescribed by subsection (1) must be determined as if the request for priority had never been made on the basis of that application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Notice

    (4) If the applicant does not comply with the requirements of paragraph (1)(a) or (b) within the time prescribed by subsection (1), the Commissioner must by notice require the applicant to comply with the requirements of paragraph (1)(a) or (b) not later than two months after the date of the notice.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Applicant considered to comply

    (5) If the applicant complies with the requirements of paragraph (1)(a) or (b) after the time prescribed by subsection (1) but before a notice is sent under subsection (4) or, if a notice is sent, not later than two months after the date of the notice, the applicant is considered to have complied with subsection (1).

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Request for priority considered withdrawn

    (6) If the applicant fails to comply with the requirements of paragraph (1)(a) or (b) in respect of a previously regularly filed application for a patent not later than two months after the date of the notice referred to in subsection (4), the request for priority is considered to have been withdrawn at the end of that time in respect of that previously regularly filed application unless

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) before the end of the time prescribed by subsection (1), a request is made to the patent office where the previously regularly filed application was filed to provide the copy and certificate referred to in paragraph (1)(a); and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) not later than two months after the date of the notice referred to in subsection (4), the applicant submits to the Commissioner a request that the Commissioner restore the right of priority on the basis of that previously regularly filed application and a statement indicating the patent office to which the request referred to in paragraph (a) was made and the date of that request.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Applicant considered to comply

    (7) If the conditions set out in paragraphs (6)(a) and (b) are met in respect of a previously regularly filed application for a patent, the applicant is considered to have complied with subsection (1) in respect of that application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Submission of copy and certificate

    (8) If the conditions set out in paragraphs (6)(a) and (b) are met in respect of a previously regularly filed application for a patent and if the patent office where that application was filed provides the copy and certificate referred to in paragraph (1)(a), the applicant or the patentee, as applicable, must submit the copy and certificate to the Commissioner not later than three months after the day on which they were provided.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Request for priority considered withdrawn

    (9) If the applicant or patentee fails to comply with subsection (8) in respect of a previously regularly filed application for a patent, the request for priority is considered to have been withdrawn at the end of the time referred to in that subsection in respect of that application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Divisional application

    (10) The applicant of a divisional application is considered to have complied with subsection (1) in respect of a previously regularly filed application for a patent if, on or before the presentation date of the divisional application, the applicant of the original application is considered to have complied with subsection (1) in respect of that previously regularly filed application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Request for priority

    (11) A request for priority in respect of a divisional application is considered to have been withdrawn in respect of a previously regularly filed application for a patent if, in respect of the original application, a request for priority is, on or before the presentation date of the divisional application, considered to have been withdrawn under subsection (6) or (9) in respect of that previously regularly filed application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception

    (12) Subsections (1) to (11) do not apply in respect of a previously regularly filed application on the basis of which an applicant requests priority, if the pending application for a patent is a PCT national phase application or a divisional application resulting from the division of a PCT national phase application and if the requirements of Rule 17.1(a), (b) or (b-bis) of the Regulations under the PCT are complied with in respect of that previously regularly filed application.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Withdrawal of request for priority

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of subsection 28.4(3) of the Act, a request for priority may be withdrawn by filing a request to that effect with the Commissioner.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Effective date

    (2) The effective date of the withdrawal of a request for priority is the date on which the request is received by the Commissioner.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Notice to submit translation

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If a previously regularly filed application for a patent in respect of which a request for priority in respect of a pending application for a patent is based is partly or entirely in a language other than English or French and if, for the purposes of examining the pending application, an examiner takes into account the previously regularly filed application, the examiner may by notice require the applicant of the pending application to submit to the Commissioner an English or French translation of the whole or a specified part of the previously regularly filed application not later than four months after the date of the notice.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Translation not accurate

    (2) If the examiner has reasonable grounds to believe that a translation submitted under subsection (1) is not accurate, the examiner may by notice require the applicant of the pending application for a patent to submit to the Commissioner not later than four months after the date of the notice either

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) a statement by the translator that, to the best of the translator’s knowledge, the translation is accurate; or

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) a new English or French translation, as applicable, together with a statement by the translator that, to the best of the translator’s knowledge, the new translation is accurate.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Request for priority considered withdrawn

    (3) If the applicant of the pending application for a patent does not comply with a notice under subsection (1) or (2) in respect of a previously regularly filed application for a patent, the request for priority is considered to have been withdrawn at the end of the time referred to in subsection (1) or (2), as applicable, in respect of that previously regularly filed application.

Restoration of Right of Priority

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed time

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of paragraph 28.4(6)(b) of the Act,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) in respect of a pending application, or a co-pending application, that is not a PCT national phase application, the applicant must meet the conditions set out in subparagraphs 28.4(6)(b)(i) to (iii) of the Act not later than two months after the filing date of the pending application or the co-pending application, as the case may be; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in respect of a pending application, or a co-pending application, that is a PCT national phase application,

      • (i) the applicant must meet the conditions referred to in subparagraphs 28.4(6)(b)(i) and (ii) of the Act not later than one month after the national phase entry date of that application, and

      • (ii) the applicant must meet the condition referred to in subparagraph 28.4(6)(b)(iii) of the Act before the earlier of

        • (A) the end of the time prescribed by subsection 73(1), and

        • (B) the end of one month after the national phase entry date of that application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Prescribed Requirements

    (2) For the purposes of subparagraph 28.4(6)(b)(iii) of the Act, the prescribed requirements are that the applicant

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) must make a request for priority in the petition or in a document other than the abstract, the specification or the drawings; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) must submit to the Commissioner the filing date and the name of the country or office of filing of the previously regularly filed application for a patent.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (3) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the time prescribed by subsection (1).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Divisional application — within 12 months

 Paragraph 28.4(6)(b) of the Act does not apply in respect of a divisional application, in relation to a previously regularly filed application, if the filing date of the original application is deemed under subsection 28.4(6) of the Act to be within 12 months after the filing date of that previously regularly filed application for a patent.

Request for Examination

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Contents of request

 A request for examination of an application for a patent, referred to in subsection 35(1) of the Act, must contain

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) the name and postal address of the person making the request;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) the name of the applicant, if the person making the request is not the applicant; and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) the application number or other information sufficient to identify the application.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Examination fee

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of subsection 35(1) of the Act, the prescribed fee for an application for a patent to be examined is

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the applicable small entity fee set out in item 10 of Schedule 2, if the small entity status condition set out in subsection 44(2) is met and a small entity declaration is filed in respect of the application in accordance with subsection 44(3)

      • (i) within the applicable time prescribed by section 81, or

      • (ii) if a notice is required to be sent under paragraph 35(3)(b) of the Act, before the notice is sent or, if the notice has been sent, before the end of two months after the date of the notice; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in any other case, the applicable standard fee set out in that item.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (2) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the times prescribed by subsection (1).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed time — subsection 35(2) of Act

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of subsection 35(2) of the Act, the prescribed time for making a request for examination and for paying the fee is any time before

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) in respect of an application for a patent other than a divisional application, the end of a period of four years after the filing date of the application; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in respect of a divisional application, the later of

      • (i) the end of the time that is applicable under this subsection in respect of the original application, and

      • (ii) the end of a period of three months after the presentation date of the divisional application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (2) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the times prescribed by subsection (1).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Late fee

 For the purposes of subsection 35(3) of the Act, the prescribed late fee is the fee set out in item 11 of Schedule 2.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed time — subsection 35(5) and paragraph 73(1)(e) of Act

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of subsection 35(5) and paragraph 73(1)(e) of the Act, the prescribed time for making a request for examination and for paying the fee is any time before the end of a period of three months after the date of the notice referred to in that subsection or that paragraph.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (2) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the time prescribed by subsection (1).

Examination

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Advancing examination

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) In respect of an application for a patent that is open to public inspection at the Patent Office, the Commissioner must advance out of its routine order the examination of the application on the request of

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) any person, if they pay the fee set out in item 12 of Schedule 2 and file with the Commissioner a statement indicating that failure to advance the examination of the application is likely to prejudice that person’s rights; or

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the applicant, if the applicant files with the Commissioner a statement indicating that the application relates to technology the commercialization of which would help to resolve or mitigate environmental impacts or to conserve the natural environment or natural resources.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception

    (2) In respect of a request made under subsection (1) by an applicant, the Commissioner must not advance the examination of the application for a patent out of its routine order or, if the examination is advanced, must return it to its routine order if

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the Commissioner has, under subsection 3(1), extended the time fixed for doing anything in respect of the application; or

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the application is or was deemed to be abandoned.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Notice — invention in foreign application

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If, in the course of examining an application for a patent, an examiner has reasonable grounds to believe that an application for a patent disclosing the same invention has been filed, in or for any country other than Canada, by an inventor of that invention or a person claiming through them, the examiner may by notice requisition the applicant

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) to submit the following information or, if any of the information is not known to the applicant, to so indicate:

      • (i) any prior art cited in respect of the foreign application for a patent,

      • (ii) the application number of the foreign application for a patent, the filing date and, if the patent has been granted, the patent number, and

      • (iii) particulars of any opposition, re-examination, impeachment or similar proceedings in respect of the foreign application or any patent granted on the basis of that application;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) to submit a copy of any document related to the information referred to in paragraph (a) or, if the document is not available to the applicant, to so indicate; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) to submit an English or French translation of any document, or part of a document, related to the information referred to in paragraph (a), that is not in either English or French or, if such a translation is not available to the applicant, to so indicate.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Notice — invention previously published or patented

    (2) If, in the course of examining an application for a patent, an examiner has reasonable grounds to believe that an invention disclosed in an application for a patent was, before the filing date of the application, published or the subject of a patent, the examiner may by notice requisition the applicant to identify the first publication of or patent for that invention or, if that information is not known to the applicant, to so indicate.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Notice — application found allowable by examiner

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If an examiner has reasonable grounds to believe that an application for a patent complies with the Act and these Rules, the Commissioner must by notice inform the applicant that the application has been found to be allowable and require the payment of the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 not later than four months after the date of the notice.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Notice of defects

    (2) If an examiner has reasonable grounds to believe that an application for a patent does not comply with the Act or these Rules, the examiner must by notice inform the applicant of the application’s defects and requisition the applicant to amend the application in order to comply with the Act and these Rules, or to submit arguments as to why the application does comply, not later than four months after the date of the notice.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Rejection for defect

    (3) If an applicant replies in good faith to the requisition made under subsection (2), on or before the date set out in subsection (4), but the examiner, after receiving the reply, has reasonable grounds to believe that the application for a patent still does not comply with the Act or these Rules in respect of any of the defects referred to in the requisition and that the applicant will not amend the application to comply with the Act and these Rules, the examiner may reject the application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Date

    (4) For the purpose of subsection (3), the date is the last day of the period referred to in subsection (2) or, if the application for a patent is deemed to be abandoned under paragraph 73(1)(a) of the Act for failure to reply in good faith to a requisition made under subsection (2), the day on which the conditions for reinstatement set out in subsection 73(3) of the Act are met in respect of that abandonment.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Final action

    (5) If an examiner rejects an application for a patent, the examiner must send a notice bearing the notation “Final Action” or “Décision finale”, indicating the outstanding defects and requisitioning the applicant to amend the application in order to comply with the Act and these Rules, or to submit arguments as to why the application does comply, not later than four months after the date of the notice.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Notice — application found allowable after final action

    (6) If an applicant, on or before the date set out in subsection (8), replies in good faith to a requisition made under subsection (5) and the examiner has reasonable grounds to believe that the application for a patent complies with the Act and these Rules, the Commissioner must by notice inform the applicant that the rejection is withdrawn and the application has been found to be allowable and require the payment of the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 not later than four months after the date of the notice.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Rejection not withdrawn after final action

    (7) If an applicant replies in good faith to a requisition made under subsection (5) on or before the date set out in subsection (8) but, after that date, the examiner still has reasonable grounds to believe that the application for a patent does not comply with the Act or these Rules,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the Commissioner must by notice inform the applicant that the rejection has not been withdrawn;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) any amendments made to that application during the period beginning on the date of the final action notice and ending on the date set out in subsection (8) are considered never to have been made; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) the application must be reviewed by the Commissioner.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Date

    (8) For the purposes of subsections (6) and (7), the date is four months after the date of the notice referred to in subsection (5) or, if the application for a patent is deemed to be abandoned under paragraph 73(1)(a) of the Act for failure to reply in good faith to a requisition made under subsection (5), the day on which the conditions for reinstatement set out in subsection 73(3) of the Act are met in respect of that abandonment.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Additional defects

    (9) If, during the review of a rejected application for a patent, the Commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that the application does not comply with the Act or these Rules in respect of defects other than those indicated in the final action notice, the Commissioner must by notice inform the applicant of those defects and invite the applicant to submit arguments, not later than one month after the date of the notice, as to why the application does comply.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Notice — rejection withdrawn

    (10) If, after review of a rejected application for a patent, the Commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that the application complies with the Act and these Rules, the Commissioner must by notice inform the applicant that the rejection is withdrawn and that the application has been found to be allowable and require the payment of the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 not later than four months after the date of the notice.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Notice requiring certain amendments

    (11) If, after review of a rejected application for a patent, the Commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that the application does not comply with the Act or these Rules and certain amendments are necessary in order to make the application allowable, the Commissioner must by notice inform the applicant that those amendments must be made not later than three months after the date of the notice.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Notice — application found allowable after amendments

    (12) If the applicant complies with the notice sent under subsection (11), the Commissioner must by notice inform the applicant that the rejection is withdrawn and that the application has been found to be allowable and require the payment of the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 not later than four months after the date of the notice.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Right to hearing

    (13) Before refusing an application for a patent under section 40 of the Act, the Commissioner must give the applicant an opportunity to be heard.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Withdrawal of notice of allowance

    (14) If, after a notice of allowance is sent but before a patent is issued, the Commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that the application for a patent does not comply with the Act or these Rules, the Commissioner must

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) by notice, inform the applicant of that fact and that the notice of allowance is withdrawn; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if the final fee has been paid, refund it.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception

    (15) Subsection (14) does not apply in respect of an application for a patent at any time at which it is deemed to be abandoned.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Consequence of notice sent under subsection (14)

    (16) If a notice is sent to the applicant under subsection (14),

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the notice of allowance that was sent is considered never to have been sent; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the application for a patent is subject to further examination.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Notice of allowance considered not sent

    (17) A notice of allowance that is sent under subsection (1), (6) or (10) is considered never to have been sent and the application for a patent is subject to further examination if, not later than four months after the day on which the Commissioner sends the notice to the applicant but before the day on which the final fee is paid, the applicant pays the fee set out in item 14 of Schedule 2 and requests that the notice of allowance be withdrawn and that the application be subject to further examination.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (18) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the time prescribed by subsection (1), (6), (10), (12) or (17).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Basic fee of final fee

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of calculating, in respect of an application for a patent, the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2, the prescribed basic fee is

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the small entity fee set out in that item, if the small entity status condition set out in subsection 44(2) is met and if a small entity declaration is filed in respect of the application in accordance with subsection 44(3) before the end of the applicable time for the payment of that fee; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in any other case, the standard fee set out in that item.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (2) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the time referred to in subsection (1).

Divisional Applications

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Definition of one invention

 For the purposes of section 36 of the Act, one invention includes a group of inventions linked in such a manner that they form a single general inventive concept.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Requirements

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) An application for a patent is a divisional application only if

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the application on its presentation date contains a petition that includes a statement to the effect that the application is a divisional application that results from the division of an original application filed in Canada;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the original application number is submitted to the Commissioner not later than three months after the presentation date;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) the applicant, or if there are joint applicants, at least one of the joint applicants, was an applicant of the original application at any time during the period beginning on the filing date of the original application and ending on the presentation date;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (d) the application on its presentation date contains one or more claims; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (e) if the applicant of the original application is required, under subsection 15(2) or (3), to provide a translation in respect of that application, that applicant has provided the translation to the Commissioner not later than the presentation date.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (2) Subsection 3(1) does not apply to the time referred to in paragraph (1)(b).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Time for filing if original application refused

 Unless a shorter time is applicable under subsection 36(2), (2.1) or (3) of the Act, if an application for a patent is refused by the Commissioner under section 40 of the Act, the time for filing a divisional application resulting from the division of that application is any time before

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) if an appeal is not taken under section 41 of the Act, the end of a period of six months after the notice as provided for in section 40 of the Act is mailed;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) if an appeal is taken under section 41 of the Act and no appeal is taken to the Federal Court of Appeal from the final judgment of the Federal Court on that appeal, the later of

    • (i) the end of the period referred to in paragraph (a), and

    • (ii) the end of a period of two months after the day on which final judgment is rendered in the appeal by the Federal Court or, if the appeal is discontinued, the end of a period of two months after the day on which the appeal is discontinued;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) if an appeal is taken under section 41 of the Act and the final judgment of the Federal Court in that appeal is appealed to the Federal Court of Appeal and no appeal is taken to the Supreme Court of Canada from the final judgment of the Federal Court of Appeal in that appeal, the later of

    • (i) the end of a period of two months after the day on which the final judgment of the Federal Court of Appeal is rendered in the appeal or, if the appeal to the Federal Court of Appeal is discontinued, the end of a period of two months after the day on which the appeal is discontinued, and

    • (ii) if an application is made in accordance with the Supreme Court Act for leave to appeal to the Supreme Court of Canada from the final judgment of the Federal Court of Appeal, the end of a period of two months after the day on which the application is dismissed or granted; and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (d) if an appeal is taken under section 41 of the Act and the final judgment of the Federal Court in that appeal is appealed to the Federal Court of Appeal and an appeal is taken to the Supreme Court of Canada from the final judgment of the Federal Court of Appeal in that appeal, the end of a period of two months after the day on which the final judgment of the Supreme Court is rendered in the appeal or, if the appeal to the Supreme Court is discontinued, the end of a period of two months after the day on which the appeal is discontinued.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Clarification

 For greater certainty, the specification and the drawings contained in a divisional application on its presentation date must not contain matter that is not in the specification and the drawings contained in the original application on its filing date, or if the original application is itself a divisional application, on its presentation date, unless

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) the matter may be or could have been added, under section 38.2 of the Act without taking into account subsection 38.2(4) of the Act, to the specification and the drawings contained in the original application; or

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) it is admitted in the specification that the matter is prior art with respect to the application.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Actions considered taken — divisional application

 If, on or before the presentation date of a divisional application, any of the following measures has been taken with respect to the original application, the same measure is considered to have been taken, with respect to the divisional application, on the date the action was taken in respect of the original application:

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) a small entity declaration has been filed;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) a request for priority has been made and has not been withdrawn;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) information required under subsection 28.4(2) of the Act has been submitted to the Commissioner in respect of a request for priority;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (d) a copy or an English or French translation of a previously regularly filed application for a patent, or a certificate showing its filing date, has been submitted to the Commissioner;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (e) a copy of a previously regularly filed application for a patent has been made available to the Commissioner in a digital library;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (f) information required by paragraph 93(1)(b) in respect of a deposit of biological material has been submitted to the Commissioner; or

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (g) a request has been submitted under subsection 95(1).

Deposit of Biological Material

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Conditions

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purpose of subsection 38.1(1) of the Act, the following conditions apply to a deposit of biological material:

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the deposit of biological material must be made by the applicant or their predecessor in title with an international depositary authority on or before the filing date of the application for a patent;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the applicant must, before the day on which the application for a patent becomes open to public inspection at the Patent Office, inform the Commissioner of the name of the international depositary authority and the accession number given by the authority to the deposit;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) the information required by paragraph (b) must be included in the description;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (d) in the case where a sample of the biological material is transferred to a substitute authority under Rule 5 of the Regulations under the Budapest Treaty, the applicant or patentee must inform the Commissioner of the accession number given to the deposit by that authority not later than three months after the day on which the authority issues a receipt;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (e) in the case where the depositor is notified under Article 4 of the Budapest Treaty of the inability of the international depositary authority to furnish samples, a new deposit must be made in accordance with that Article; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (f) in the case where a new deposit of the biological material is made with another international depositary authority under Article 4(1)(b)(i) or (ii) of the Budapest Treaty, the applicant or patentee must inform the Commissioner of the accession number given to the deposit by that authority not later than after the day on which the authority issues a receipt.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (2) Subsection 3(1) does not apply to the time referred to in paragraph (1)(b).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Inclusion of date of deposit of biological material

 If a specification refers to a deposit of biological material and the deposit is taken into consideration by an examiner in determining whether the specification complies with subsection 27(3) of the Act and the date of that deposit is not already included in the description, the examiner may by notice requisition the applicant to amend the description to include the date of that deposit.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Request to furnish sample to independent expert

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If the specification contained in an application for a patent refers to a deposit of biological material, the applicant may, before the day on which the application becomes open to public inspection at the Patent Office, submit to the Commissioner a request that, until a patent has been issued on the basis of the application or the application is refused, withdrawn or deemed to be abandoned and no longer subject to reinstatement, the Commissioner only authorize in respect of that application the furnishing of a sample of the deposited biological material to an independent expert nominated under section 96.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (2) Subsection 3(1) does not apply to the time for submitting the request referred to in subsection (1).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Nomination of independent expert

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If an applicant submits a request under section 95, the Commissioner must, on the request of any person and with the agreement of the applicant, nominate an independent expert.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:No agreement on nomination

    (2) If the Commissioner and the applicant cannot agree on the nomination of an independent expert, the request under section 95 is considered not to have been submitted.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Form for submitting request

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) The Commissioner must publish on the website of the Canadian Intellectual Property Office a form for submitting a request for the furnishing of a sample of deposited biological material, the contents of which must be the same as the contents of the form referred to in Rule 11.3(a) of the Regulations under the Budapest Treaty.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Certification

    (2) Subject to section 98, if a specification contained in a Canadian patent, or in an application for a patent filed in Canada that is open to public inspection at the Patent Office, refers to a deposit of biological material by the applicant and if a person submits a request to the Commissioner on the form referred to in subsection (1), the Commissioner must make the certification referred to in Rule 11.3(a) of the Regulations under the Budapest Treaty in respect of that person if

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) a patent has been issued on the basis of the application or the application has been refused, withdrawn or deemed to be abandoned and is no longer subject to reinstatement; or

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the Commissioner has received an undertaking by that person

      • (i) not to make any sample of biological material furnished by the international depositary authority or any material derived from such a sample available to any other person before either a patent is issued on the basis of the application or the application is refused, withdrawn or deemed to be abandoned and no longer subject to reinstatement, and

      • (ii) to use the sample of biological material furnished by the international depositary authority and any material derived from such a sample solely for the purpose of experiments that relate to the subject-matter of the application until either a patent is issued on the basis of the application or the application is refused, withdrawn or deemed to be abandoned and no longer subject to reinstatement.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Copy of request and certification to be sent

    (3) Except in the case where subsection 98(2) applies, if the Commissioner makes a certification under subsection (2), the Commissioner must send a copy of the request together with the certification to the person who submitted the request.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Person authorized to submit request

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If an applicant submits a request under section 95, until a patent is issued on the basis of the application or the application is refused, withdrawn or deemed to be abandoned and no longer subject to reinstatement, a request under section 97 may only be submitted by an independent expert nominated under section 96.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Copy of request and certification to be sent

    (2) If the Commissioner makes a certification under subsection 97(2) in respect of an independent expert nominated by the Commissioner, the Commissioner must send a copy of the request together with the certification to the applicant and to the person who requested the nomination of the expert.

Amendment to Specification and Drawings

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:No amendment before submission of translation

 If an applicant is required to submit a translation under subsection 15(2) or (3), the specification and the drawings contained in the application for a patent must not be amended by the applicant before they submit the translation to the Commissioner.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:No amendment after notice of allowance

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Subject to subsection (2), the specification and the drawings contained in an application for a patent must not be amended by the applicant after a notice of allowance is sent.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception — obvious error

    (2) The specification and the drawings may be amended by the applicant on or before the day on which the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 is paid or, if the final fee is refunded, on or before the day on which the final fee is paid again if, from the specification and the drawings contained in the application for a patent on the day on which the notice of allowance was sent, it is obvious that something other than what appears in the specification and the drawings was intended and that nothing other than the proposed amendment could have been intended.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:No amendment after rejection

 If an application for a patent is rejected by an examiner under subsection 86(3), the specification and the drawings contained in the application must not be amended by the applicant after the date prescribed by subsection 86(8), unless

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) a notice is sent to the applicant informing them that the rejection is withdrawn;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) the amendments are those required in a notice sent under subsection 86(11); or

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) the Supreme Court of Canada, the Federal Court of Appeal or the Federal Court orders the amendments to be made.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Amendment to specification or drawings

 An amendment by the applicant to the specification or the drawings contained in an application for a patent must be made by submitting a new page to replace each page altered by the amendment and a statement explaining the purpose of the amendment and identifying the differences between the new page and the replaced page.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed Documents and information — divisional application

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purpose of paragraph 38.2(3.1)(b) of the Act, the prescribed documents and information are

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) an explicit or implicit indication that the granting of a Canadian patent is being sought;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) information allowing the identity of the applicant to be established;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) information allowing the Commissioner to contact the applicant; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (d) a document that, on its face, appears to be a description.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Presentation date

    (2) The presentation date of an application for a patent is the date on which the Commissioner receives the documents and information referred to in subsection (1) or, if they are received on different dates, the latest of those dates.

Corrections

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Error in name of applicant

 An error in the name of an applicant in an application for a patent, other than a PCT national phase application, that arises from inadvertence, accident or mistake, without any fraudulent or deceptive intention, must be corrected by the Commissioner on the request of the person who submitted the application on their own behalf or on behalf of the applicant, if the request contains a statement to the effect that the error arose from inadvertence, accident or mistake without any fraudulent or deceptive intention and the request is made not later than the earlier of

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) the day on which the application becomes open to public inspection at the Patent Office, and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) if the Commissioner records a transfer of the application under section 49 of the Act, the day on which the Commissioner received the request to record that transfer.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Error in name of inventor

 An error in the name of an inventor in an application for a patent must be corrected by the Commissioner on the request of the applicant if the correction changes the identity of the inventor and the request is made before the day on which a notice of allowance is sent.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Error in name of applicant or inventor

 An error in the name of an applicant or an inventor in an application for a patent must be corrected by the Commissioner on the request of the applicant if the request is made on or before the day on which the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 is paid or, if the final fee is refunded, on or before the day on which the final fee is paid again, and the correction does not result in a change in their identity.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Obvious error made by Commissioner

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) The Commissioner may, on his or her own initiative within 12 months after the day on which a patent is issued under the Act, or on the request of the patentee made within that period, correct an error made by the Commissioner in the patent or in the specification or the drawings referenced in the patent if, from the documents that were in the possession of the Patent Office on that day, it is obvious that something other than what appears in the patent, the specification or the drawings was intended and that nothing other than the correction could have been intended.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Date of correction

    (2) A correction made under subsection (1) is considered to have been made on the day on which the patent was issued.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Obvious error made by re-examination board

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) The Commissioner may, on his or her own initiative within six months after the day on which a certificate is issued under section 48.4 of the Act, or on the request of the patentee made within that period, correct an error made by the re-examination board in the certificate if, from the documents that were in the possession of the Patent Office on that day, it is obvious that something other than what appears in the certificate was intended and that nothing other than the correction could have been intended.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Date of correction

    (2) A correction made under subsection (1) is considered to have been made on the day on which the certificate was issued.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Correction on request of patentee

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) On the request of the patentee, made in accordance with subsection (2), not later than 12 months after the day on which a patent is issued under the Act and on payment of the fee set out in item 24 of Schedule 2, the Commissioner must correct

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) an error in the name of the patentee or an inventor included in the patent, if the correction does not change their identity; or

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) an error in the specification or the drawings referenced in the patent, if from the specification or the drawings referenced in the patent at the time the patent was issued it would have been obvious to a person skilled in the art or science to which the patent pertains that something other than what appears in the specification or the drawings was intended and that nothing other than the correction could have been intended.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Contents of request

    (2) A request under subsection (1) must contain

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) an indication that a correction of an error is being requested;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the number of the patent concerned;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) the correction to be made; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (d) new pages to replace the pages altered by the correction, if the error is in the specification or the drawings and the error was not made by the Commissioner.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Notice

    (3) If a request is made under subsection (1) during the 12-month period referred to in that subsection but the request does not comply with subsection (2) or the fee referred to in subsection (1) is not paid, the Commissioner must by notice require the patentee to submit the elements referred to in subsection (2) or pay the fee referred to in subsection (1), as applicable, not later than three months after the date of the notice.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Correction after notice

    (4) The Commissioner must make the correction if the applicant complies with the notice not later than three months after the date of the notice and if the error is one referred to in subsection (1).

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Date of correction

    (5) A correction made under subsection (1) or (4) is considered to have been made on the day on which the patent was issued.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

 Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the times referred to in subsection 107(1), 108(1) or 109(1), (3) or (4).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Certificate

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If the Commissioner corrects an error under section 107, 108 or 109, the Commissioner must, under the seal of the Patent Office, issue a certificate setting out the correction.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Obvious error made by Commissioner

    (2) The Commissioner may correct an error made in the certificate if, from the documents that were in the possession of the Patent Office on the day on which the certificate was issued, it is obvious that something other than what appears in the certificate was intended and that nothing other than the correction could have been intended.

Maintaining Rights Accorded by a Patent

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed fee

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Subject to subsection (5), for the purposes of subsection 46(1) of the Act, the prescribed fee to maintain the rights accorded by a patent issued under the Act in effect is, for an anniversary date set out in item 25 of Schedule 2 that falls on or after the day on which the patent was issued,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the applicable small entity fee set out in that item for that anniversary date, if the small entity status condition set out in subsection (2) is met and a small entity declaration is filed in accordance with subsection (3) in respect of the patent, or in accordance with subsection 44(3) in respect of the application on the basis of which the patent is granted,

      • (i) on or before that anniversary date, or

      • (ii) if a notice is required to be sent under paragraph 46(2)(b) of the Act, before the notice is sent or, if the notice is sent, before the later of the end of six months after that anniversary date and the end of two months after the date of the notice; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in any other case, the standard fee set out in that item for that anniversary date.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Small entity status condition

    (2) The small entity status condition is that

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) in respect of a patent granted on the basis of an application for a patent — other than a PCT national phase application or a divisional application — the applicant of the application on the filing date is, on that date, an entity that has 50 employees or less or is a university, other than

      • (i) an entity that is controlled directly or indirectly by an entity, other than a university, that has more than 50 employees, or

      • (ii) an entity that has transferred or licensed, or has an obligation other than a contingent obligation to transfer or license, any right or interest in a claimed invention to an entity, other than a university, that has more than 50 employees;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in respect of a patent granted on the basis of a PCT national phase application, the applicant of the application on the national phase entry date is, on that date, an entity that has 50 employees or less or is a university, other than an entity referred to in subparagraph (a)(i) or (ii); and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) in respect of a patent granted on the basis of a divisional application, the applicable requirements set out in subsection 44(2) are met in respect of the original application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Small entity declaration

    (3) A small entity declaration must

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) be filed with the Commissioner in a document other than the abstract, the specification or the drawings of the application on the basis of which the patent was granted, that identifies the patent to which the declaration relates;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) contain a statement that the patentee believes that the small entity status condition set out in subsection (2) is met in respect of the patent;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) be signed by a patent agent appointed in respect of that patent or by

      • (i) the patentee, if there is a single patentee, or

      • (ii) any one of the patentees, if there are joint patentees; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (d) indicate the name of the patentee and, if applicable, the name of the patent agent signing the declaration.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (4) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the times referred to in subsection (1).

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception

    (5) If a patent is granted on the basis of an application for a patent, in respect of which a fee was payable under subsection 27.1(1) of the Act within the 12-month period preceding the day on which the patent was issued but tha was not yet paid before that day, the prescribed fee, for the purposes of subsection 46(1) of the Act, to maintain in effect the rights accorded by the patent is, for the day of the first of the anniversaries of the filing date of the application that fall on or after the day on which the patent was issued, the total of

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the unpaid fee,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the late fee set out in item 26 of Schedule 2, and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) the fee prescribed by paragraph (1)(a) or (b) of this section for that anniversary, as applicable.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed Dates

 For the purposes of subsection 46(1) of the Act, the prescribed dates are

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) for a fee referred to in subsection 112(1) of these Rules, the anniversary date for which it is paid; and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) for a fee referred to in subsection 112(5) of these Rules, the date of the first of the anniversaries of the filing date of the application that fall on or after the day on which the patent was issued.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Clarification

 For greater certainty, for the purposes of sections 112 and 113, a reissued patent is considered to be granted on the basis of the original application and is considered to be issued on the day on which it is reissued.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Late fee

 For the purposes of subsection 46(2) of the Act, the prescribed late fee is the fee set out in item 26 of Schedule 2.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Time — paragraph 46(5)(a) of Act

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of paragraph 46(5)(a) of the Act, the prescribed time is 12 months after the end of the six-month period referred to in subsection 46(4) of the Act.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (2) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the time prescribed by subsection (1).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Additional prescribed fee

 For the purpose of subparagraph 46(5)(a)(iii) of the Act, the additional prescribed fee is the fee set out in item 27 of Schedule 2.

Reissue

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Form

 An application for the reissue of a patent under section 47 of the Act must be filed in Form 1 of Schedule 1.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed fee

 For the purpose of subsection 47(1) of the Act, the prescribed fee is the fee set out in item 28 of Schedule 2.

Disclaimer of Any Part of a Patent

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Form

 A disclaimer under section 48 of the Act must be filed in Form 2 of Schedule 1.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed fee

 For the purpose of subsection 48(1) of the Act, the prescribed fee is the fee set out in item 29 of Schedule 2.

Re-examination

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed fee

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of subsection 48.1(1) of the Act, the prescribed fee for a request for re-examination of one or more claims of a patent is

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the small entity fee set out in item 30 of Schedule 2 if

      • (i) the person requesting re-examination is the patentee, the small entity status condition set out in subsection 112(2) is met and a small entity declaration is filed in accordance with subsection 112(3) in respect of the patent or filed in accordance with subsection 44(3) in respect of the application on the basis of which the patent is granted, or

      • (ii) the person requesting re-examination is not the patentee, the small entity status condition set out in subsection (3) is met and a small entity declaration is filed in respect of the request for re-examination in accordance with subsection (4); and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in any other case, the standard fee set out in that item.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Clarification

    (2) For greater certainty, for the purposes of subparagraph (1)(a)(i), a reissued patent is considered to be granted on the basis of the original application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception — small entity status condition

    (3) In respect of a request for re-examination under subsection 48.1(1) of the Act by a person other than the patentee, the small entity status condition is that the person requesting the re-examination is, on the date of the request, an entity that has 50 employees or less or is a university, other than an entity that is controlled directly or indirectly by an entity, other than a university, that has more than 50 employees.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception — small entity declaration

    (4) In respect of a request for re-examination under subsection 48.1(1) of the Act by a person other than the patentee, a small entity declaration must

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) be filed with the Commissioner;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) identify the request for re-examination to which it relates;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) contain a statement that the person requesting re-examination believes that the small entity status condition set out in subsection (3) is met in respect of that request;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (d) be signed by the person requesting re-examination or by a patent agent appointed in respect of that request; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (e) indicate the name of the person requesting re-examination and, if applicable, the name of the patent agent signing the declaration.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Numbering of claims

 An amended claim or a new claim proposed by a patentee under subsection 48.3(2) of the Act must be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals, beginning with the number immediately following the number of the last claim in the patent.

Registration of Documents and Recording of Transfers

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Related documents

 The Commissioner must, on the receipt of a request and the fee set out in item 33 of Schedule 2, register in the Patent Office a document relating to a patent or an application for a patent.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Name change

 If an applicant for a patent or a patentee changes their name, the Commissioner must, on the receipt of a request from that applicant or patentee and the fee set out in item 34 of Schedule 2, record that name change.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Request to record transfer

 A request to record a transfer under section 49 of the Act must contain the name and postal address of the transferee and be accompanied by the fee set out in item 35 of Schedule 2.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Condition for recording transfer of application

 The Commissioner must not record the transfer of an application for a patent under subsection 49(2) of the Act if the request to record the transfer is submitted after the day on which the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 is paid or, if the final fee is refunded, after the day on which the final fee is paid again.

Third party Rights

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Period

 For the purposes of subsections 55.11(2), (3), (7) and (9) of the Act, the prescribed periods are

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) in the case of a patent that was granted on the basis of an application referred to in subparagraph 55.11(1)(a)(i) of the Act, any period beginning six months after a day on which a prescribed fee referred to in subsection 27.1(1) of the Act was due under that subsection but was not paid, without taking into account subsection 27.1(3) of the Act, and ending

    • (i) if the Commissioner, under paragraph 27.1(2)(b) of the Act, sent a notice to the applicant because of that omission, and if the application is deemed to be abandoned under paragraph 73(1)(c) of the Act because the prescribed fee and the late fee referred to in that notice were not paid within the time referred to in that paragraph, on the earlier of

      • (A) the day on which the conditions for reinstatement set out in subsection 73(3) of the Act are met in respect of that abandonment, and

      • (B) the day on which the patent was granted, or

    • (ii) if the application was not deemed to be abandoned under paragraph 73(1)(c) of the Act for the reason referred to in subparagraph (i), on the earlier of

      • (A) the day on which that prescribed fee and the late fee referred to in subsection 27.1(2) of the Act were paid — or, if they were paid on different days, the later of those days — without taking into account subsection 27.1(3) of the Act, and

      • (B) the day on which the patent was granted;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) in the case of a patent that was granted on the basis of an application referred to in subparagraph 55.11(1)(a)(ii) of the Act, the period beginning six months after the end of the prescribed time referred to in subsection 35(2) of the Act and ending

    • (i) if the application was deemed to be abandoned under paragraph 73(1)(d) of the Act, on the earlier of

      • (A) the day on which the conditions for reinstatement set out in subsection 73(3) of the Act are met in respect of that abandonment, and

      • (B) the day on which the patent was granted, or

    • (ii) if the application was not deemed to be abandoned under paragraph 73(1)(d) of the Act, on the earlier of

      • (A) the day on which the request referred to in subsection 35(3) of the Act was made and the prescribed fee and late fee referred to in that subsection were paid — or, if the request was made on a different day than the day on which those fees were paid, or those fees were paid on different days, the latest of those days — without taking into account subsection 35(4) of the Act, and

      • (B) the day on which the patent was granted;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) in the case of a patent that was granted on the basis of a divisional application referred to in paragraph 55.11(1)(b) of the Act, any period that applies under this section in respect of a patent granted on the basis of the original application, or that would apply to that patent if it were granted, but excluding any part of that period that is after the presentation date of the divisional application; and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (d) in the case of a patent referred to in paragraph 55.11(1)(c) of the Act, any period beginning six months after a day on which a prescribed fee referred to in subsection 46(1) of the Act was due under that subsection but was not paid, without taking into account subsection 46(3) of the Act, and ending

    • (i) if the Commissioner, under paragraph 46(2)(b) of the Act, sent a notice to the patentee because of that omission and if, without taking into account subsection 46(5) of the Act, the patent was deemed to have expired under subsection 46(4) of the Act because the prescribed fee and the late fee referred to in subsection 46(2) of the Act were not paid within the time referred to in subsection 46(4) of the Act, on the day on which subsection 46(4) of the Act is deemed never to have produced its effects under subsection 46(5) of the Act, or

    • (ii) if, without taking into account subsection 46(5) of the Act, the term limited for the duration of the patent is not deemed to have expired under subsection 46(4) of the Act for the reason referred to in subparagraph (i), on the day on which that prescribed fee and the late fee referred to in subsection 46(2) of the Act were paid — or, if they were paid on different days, the later of those days — without taking into account subsection 46(3) of the Act.

Abuse of Rights Under Patents

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Application fee

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) A person who makes an application under section 65 or 127 of the Act must pay the fee set out in item 31 of Schedule 2.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Fee for advertisement

    (2) If the applicant requests advertisement of the application on the website of the Canadian Intellectual Property Office, they must pay the fee set out in item 32 of Schedule 2.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Time to deliver counter statement

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of subsection 69(1) of the Act, including that subsection as modified by section 128 of the Act, the prescribed time is four months after the latest of the following dates:

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) in respect of a person that is served with copies of the application and the statutory declarations referred to in subsection 68(1) of the Act, the day on which that person is served or, if the copies of the application and the statutory declarations are served on that person on different days, the later of those days,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the day on which the application is advertised in the Canada Gazette, and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) the day on which the application is advertised on the website of the Canadian Intellectual Property Office.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (2) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the time prescribed by subsection (1).

Abandonment and Reinstatement

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Time to reply

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of paragraph 73(1)(a) of the Act, the prescribed time is four months after the date of the notice of the requisition made by the examiner.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception to subsection 3(1)

    (2) Subsection 3(1) does not authorize the Commissioner to extend the time prescribed by subsection (1) beyond six months after the date of the notice.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Application deemed abandoned

 For the purposes of subsection 73(2) of the Act, an application for a patent is deemed to be abandoned if

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) the applicant does not comply with a notice of the Commissioner referred to in subsection 15(4) within the time referred to in that subsection;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) a notice is sent under section 31 and the requirements are not complied with within the applicable time referred to in that section;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) the applicant does not reply in good faith to a request of the Commissioner for further drawings under subsection 27(5.2) of the Act not later than three months after the date of the request;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (d) the applicant does not reply in good faith to a notice of the Commissioner referred to in section 65 within the time referred to in that section; or

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (e) the applicant does not pay the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 within the applicable time referred to in subsection 86(1), (6), (10) or (12).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed time — request for reinstatement

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of paragraph 73(3)(a) of the Act, in respect of a failure to take an action, the prescribed time is 12 months after the day on which the application for a patent is deemed, as a result of that failure, to be abandoned.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Request for reinstatement — multiple failures

    (2) A request for reinstatement may be made in respect of more than one failure to take an action, if the request is made before the end of the applicable prescribed time that is the first to end.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Failure to pay certain fees

    (3) If an application for a patent is deemed to be abandoned for failure to pay a fee referred to in subsection 68(1) or (2), 80(1) or 87(1), the action that should have been taken in order to avoid that abandonment and that the applicant must take before the end of the time prescribed by subsection (1) in order to reinstate the application is

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the payment of the applicable standard fee; or

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if the small entity status condition set out in subsection 44(2) is met, the filing of a small entity declaration in respect of the application in accordance with subsection 44(3) and the payment of the applicable small entity fee.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (4) Subsection 3(1) does not apply to the time prescribed by subsection (1).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed fee

 For the purposes of subparagraph 73(3)(a)(iv) of the Act, the prescribed fee is the fee set out in item 15 of Schedule 2.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Non-application of certain portions of subsection 73(3) of Act

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Subparagraph 73(3)(a)(ii) and paragraph 73(3)(b) of the Act do not apply

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) in respect of a failure under paragraph 73(1)(a), (b) or (e) or subsection 73(2) of the Act; or

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in respect of a failure under paragraph 73(1)(d) of the Act if, within six months after the applicable time prescribed by subsection 35(2) of the Act and in respect of that failure, the applicant makes a request for reinstatement to the Commissioner, takes the action that should have been taken in order to avoid the abandonment and pays the fee prescribed by section 134 of these Rules.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (2) Subsection 3(1) does not apply to the time prescribed by paragraph (1)(b).

Fees for Services

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Fee for certified copies

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) A person who requests from the Commissioner a certified copy of a document that is in the Commissioner’s possession must pay the fee set out in item 36 or 37 of Schedule 2, as applicable.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of a certified copy transmitted under rule 318 of the Federal Courts Rules, including that rule as modified by rule 350 of those Rules.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Fee for non-certified copies

 A person who requests from the Commissioner a non-certified copy of a document that is in the Commissioner’s possession must pay the fee set out in item 38 or 39 of Schedule 2, as applicable.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Fee for requesting information

 A person who requests that the Patent Office provide information concerning the status of a patent or an application for a patent must pay the fee set out in item 40 of Schedule 2.

Refund and Waiver of Fees

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Refund of fees

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Subject to subsection (2), the Commissioner must refund

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) a fee paid by a person in respect of a paper of a qualifying examination, if the Commissioner notifies the person that they passed an equivalent paper of a previous qualifying examination and the person notifies the Commissioner in writing not later than the thirtieth day after receipt of the notification from the Commissioner that they no longer intend to sit for the paper;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) any fee, other than the fee referred to in subsection 27(2) of the Act, paid in respect of an application, other than a PCT national phase application, that was filed through inadvertence, accident or mistake and that was withdrawn not later than the fourteenth day after the earliest date on which the Commissioner received any document or information in respect of that application under subsection 28(1) of the Act or, in the case of a divisional application, not later than the fourteenth day after the earliest date on which the Commissioner received any document or information referred to in subsection 103(1) in respect of that application;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) any fee, other than the fee set out in any of items 16 to 21 of Schedule 2, paid in respect of an international application, if one or more of the requirements for entry into the national phase were met in respect of the application through inadvertence, accident or mistake and, if the international application has become a PCT national phase application, that PCT national phase application was withdrawn not later than the fourteenth day after its national phase entry date;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (d) a fee paid in respect of a request for the registration of a document relating to a patent or an application for a patent, if the fee is received but the document is not submitted;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (e) a fee paid for advertising on the website of the Canadian Intellectual Property Office an application presented to the Commissioner under section 65 of the Act, if the application was not advertised on that website;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (f) a fee paid in respect of a request for a copy of a document if the request is withdrawn before the copy is made;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (g) a fee paid in respect of a request for a copy of a document, if the Patent Office does not have that document;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (h) any overpayment of a fee; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (i) any fee paid, if payment of the fee is waived by the Commissioner.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Request

    (2) The Commissioner must not give a refund under any of paragraphs (1)(a) to (h) unless a request for the refund is received not later than three years after the day on which the fee was paid.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Waiver of fee — request to correct errors

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) The Commissioner is authorized to waive the payment of the fee set out in item 24 of Schedule 2 that is payable for a request for a correction if the request is in regard to an error made by the Commissioner and if the Commissioner is satisfied that the circumstances justify it.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Waiver of fee — reissue of patent

    (2) The Commissioner is authorized to waive the payment of the fee set out in item 28 of Schedule 2 for filing an application to reissue a patent if the application for reissue is as a result of an error made by the Commissioner and if the Commissioner is satisfied that the circumstances justify it.

PART 2Patent Cooperation Treaty

Definitions

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Definitions

 The following definitions apply in this Part.

international filing date

international filing date means the date accorded to an international application under Article 11 of the Patent Cooperation Treaty. (date du dépôt international)

priority date

priority date has the same meaning as in Article 2(xi) of the Patent Cooperation Treaty. (date de priorité)

Application of Treaty

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:International applications

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Subject to subsection (2) and subsections 154(11) and (12), the provisions of the Patent Cooperation Treaty, the Regulations under the PCT and the Administrative Instructions apply in respect of

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) an international application filed with the Commissioner; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) an international application in which Canada is designated under the Patent Cooperation Treaty.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exceptions

    (2) Article 24(2) of the Patent Cooperation Treaty and Rule 49.6 of the Regulations under the PCT do not apply in respect of an international application in which Canada is designated under the Patent Cooperation Treaty.

International Phase

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Receiving Office

 If an international application is filed with the Commissioner and the applicant or, if there is more than one applicant, at least one of the applicants, is a national or resident of Canada, the Commissioner must act as a receiving Office in accordance with the Patent Cooperation Treaty, the Regulations under the PCT and the Administrative Instructions.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Application in English or French

 An international application, other than any text matter contained in a sequence listing, that is filed with the Commissioner must be entirely in English or entirely in French.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:International Searching Authority and International Preliminary Examining Authority

 The Commissioner must act as an International Searching Authority and an International Preliminary Examining Authority in accordance with the Patent Cooperation Treaty, the Regulations under the PCT and the Administrative Instructions.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Fees payable in Canadian currency

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Fees payable under Rules 15 and 57 of the Regulations under the PCT must be paid in Canadian currency.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Patent Cooperation Treaty Fund

    (2) Money received under Rules 15 and 57 of the Regulations under the PCT must be deposited in the account entitled the Patent Cooperation Treaty Fund within the account entitled the Canadian Intellectual Property Office Revolving Fund and must be paid out of that account in accordance with those Rules.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Transmittal fee

 An applicant of an international application filed with the Commissioner must pay the transmittal fee set out in item 16 of Schedule 2 for the performance of the tasks referred to in Rule 14 of the Regulations under the PCT.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Search fee

 An applicant of an international application filed with the Commissioner must pay the search fee set out in item 17 of Schedule 2 for the performance of the tasks referred to in Rule 16 of the Regulations under the PCT.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Additional fee

 The amount of the additional fee for searching under Article 17(3)(a) of the Patent Cooperation Treaty is the fee set out in item 18 of Schedule 2.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Preliminary examination fee

 An applicant of an international application filed with the Commissioner who requests an international preliminary examination must pay the preliminary examination fee set out in item 19 of Schedule 2 for the performance of the tasks referred to in Rule 58 of the Regulations under the PCT.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Additional fee

 The amount of the additional fee for an international preliminary examination under Article 34(3)(a) of the Patent Cooperation Treaty is the fee set out in item 20 of Schedule 2.

National Phase

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Designated Office

 If an international application in which Canada is designated under the Patent Cooperation Treaty is filed, the Commissioner must act as the designated Office in accordance with the Patent Cooperation Treaty, the Regulations under the PCT and the Administrative Instructions.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Elected Office

 If an international application in which Canada is designated under the Patent Cooperation Treaty is filed and the applicant has elected Canada under Article 31 of the treaty, the Commissioner must act as an elected Office in accordance with the Patent Cooperation Treaty, the Regulations under the PCT and the Administrative Instructions.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Requirements

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) An applicant who designates Canada in an international application must, not later than 30 months after the priority date,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) if the International Bureau of the World Intellectual Property Organization has not published the international application, submit to the Commissioner a copy of the international application;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if the international application, other than any text matter contained in a sequence listing, is partly or entirely in a language other than English or French, submit to the Commissioner a translation in English or French of any part of the international application, other than any text matter contained in a sequence listing, that is in a language other than English or French; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) pay the basic national fee, which is

      • (i) the small entity fee set out in item 21 of Schedule 2, if the small entity status condition set out in subsection 44(2) is met and if, not later than 30 months after the priority date, a small entity declaration is filed in respect of the application in accordance with subsection 44(3), and

      • (ii) in any other case, the standard fee set out in that item.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Fee

    (2) An applicant who complies with the requirements of subsection (1) after the second anniversary of the international filing date must, not later than 30 months after the priority date, pay

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the small entity fee set out in item 8 of Schedule 2 for the second anniversary of the filing date of an application for a patent, if the small entity status condition set out in subsection 44(2) is met and if, not later than 30 months after the priority date, a small entity declaration is filed in respect of the application for a patent in accordance with subsection 44(3); and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in any other case, the standard fee set out in that item for the second anniversary of the filing date of an application for a patent.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Reinstatement of rights

    (3) An applicant who fails to comply with the requirements of subsection (1) and, if applicable, subsection (2) not later than 30 months after the priority date, is considered to have complied with those requirements within that time if

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) not later than 12 months after that time, the applicant

      • (i) submits to the Commissioner a request that the rights of the applicant be reinstated with respect to that international application and a statement that the failure was unintentional,

      • (ii) complies with the requirements of paragraphs (1)(a) and (b),

      • (iii) pays the basic national fee, which is

        • (A) the small entity fee set out in item 21 of Schedule 2, if the small entity status condition set out in subsection 44(2) is met and if, not later than 12 months after the time referred to in subsection (1), a small entity declaration is filed in respect of the application in accordance with subsection 44(3), and

        • (B) in any other case, the standard fee set out in that item, and

      • (iv) pays the fee for reinstatement of rights set out in item 22 of Schedule 2; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if the applicant complies with the requirements of paragraph (a) after the second anniversary of the international filing date, the applicant,

      • (i) on or before the third anniversary of the international filing date but not later than 12 months after the time referred to in subsection (1), pays

        • (A) if the small entity status condition set out in subsection 44(2) is met and if, on or before that third anniversary, a small entity declaration is filed in respect of the application for a patent in accordance with subsection 44(3), the small entity fee set out in item 8 of Schedule 2 for the second anniversary of the filing date of an application for a patent, and

        • (B) in any other case, the standard fee set out in that item for the second anniversary of the filing date of an application for a patent, or

      • (ii) after the third anniversary of the international filing date but not later than 12 months after the time referred to in subsection (1), pays

        • (A) if the small entity status condition set out in subsection 44(2) is met and if, not later than 12 months after the time referred to in subsection (1), a small entity declaration is filed in respect of the application for a patent in accordance with subsection 44(3), the small entity fee set out in item 8 of Schedule 2 for the second and third anniversary of the filing date of an application for a patent, and

        • (B) in any other case, the standard fee set out in that item for the second and third anniversary of the filing date of an application for a patent.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Extension in case of attempted payment

    (4) If the applicant of an international application fails to comply with the requirements of subsection (1) and, if applicable, subsection (2), not later than 30 months after the priority date and if, before the end of a period of 12 months after that time, the Commissioner receives a communication clearly indicating the applicant’s intention to pay some or all of the fees required by subsection (3), but all of the fees required by subsection (3) are not paid before the end of that 12-month period, those fees are considered to have been paid on the day on which that communication is received if the unpaid fees, together with the additional fee for late payment set out in item 23 of Schedule 2, are paid after the end of that 12-month period but not later than two months after the day on which the communication is received.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Fee considered paid

    (5) If the Commissioner has, under subsection 3(3), extended the time period for the payment of a fee prescribed by paragraph (1)(c), subsection (2) or subparagraph (3)(a)(iii) or (b)(i) or (ii) and the fee is paid before the end of the extended period, for the purposes of subsection (1), (2) or (3), as applicable, that fee is considered to have been paid on the day on which the small entity fee was paid.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Correction of error in name of applicant

    (6) An error in the records of the patent office in the name of the applicant, who complied with the requirements of subsection (1) and, if applicable, subsection (2), that arises from inadvertence, accident or mistake, without any fraudulent or deceptive intention, must be corrected by the Commissioner on the request of the person who paid the basic national fee prescribed by paragraph (1)(c) or subparagraph (3)(a)(iii), if the request contains a statement that the error arose from inadvertence, accident or mistake, without any fraudulent or deceptive intention and the request is made not later than the earlier of

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the later of

      • (i) the day on which a period of three months after the national phase entry date of that application expires, and

      • (ii) if the Commissioner sends a notice under subsection (7) before the end of a period of three months after the national phase entry date of that application, the day on which a period of three months after the date of the notice expires, and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if the Commissioner records a transfer of the application for a patent under section 49 of the Act, on or before the day on which the Commissioner received the request to record that transfer.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Notice

    (7) If the Commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that the person who complied with the requirements of subsection (1) and, if applicable, subsection (2), is neither the applicant of the international application nor their legal representative, the Commissioner must by notice require that person to establish that they are either the applicant of the international application or their legal representative.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Person considered never to have complied

    (8) If the person who complied with the requirements of subsection (1) and, if applicable, subsection (2), fails to comply with the notice not later than three months after the date of the notice, that person is considered never to have complied with those requirements.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (9) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the times referred to in subsection (1), (2), (3), (4) or (6).

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception to subsection 3(1)

    (10) Subsection 3(1) does not authorize the Commissioner to extend the time referred to in subsection (8) for complying with the notice beyond the later of the end of a period of six months after the date of the notice and the end of a period of 30 months after the priority date.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of Article 48(2) of Patent Cooperation Treaty

    (11) Article 48(2) of the Patent Cooperation Treaty does not apply in respect of the times referred to in subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4) of this section or in respect of any time limit applicable to a PCT national phase application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of certain Rules under the PCT

    (12) Rules 49ter.1(f) and 49ter.2 of the Regulations under the PCT do not apply to a PCT national phase application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:New PCT national phase application

    (13) Once an international application becomes a PCT national phase application, it may not become a new PCT national phase application unless the earlier PCT national phase application is withdrawn.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Application of Canadian legislation

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If an international application becomes a PCT national phase application, the application is considered, beginning on its national phase entry date, to be an application for a patent filed in Canada and, subject to sections 157 to 163, the Act and these Rules apply beginning on that date in respect of that application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:National phase entry date

    (2) Subject to section 210, the national phase entry date of an application for a patent is

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) if the applicant has not complied with the applicable requirements of subsection 154(3), the day on which the applicant complied with the requirements of subsection 154(1) and, if applicable, subsection 154(2) or, if the applicant complied with those requirements on different days, the latest of those days; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if the applicant has complied with the applicable requirements of subsection 154(3), the day on which the applicant complied with those requirements or, if the applicant complied with those requirements on different days, the latest of those days.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Small entity declaration

    (3) For the purpose of subsection (2), an applicant is not considered to have paid the fee referred to in subparagraph 154(1)(c)(i), paragraph 154(2)(a) or clause 154(3)(a)(iii)(A) or 154(3)(b)(i)(A) or (ii)(A) until the small entity declaration has been filed.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Translation replaces original

    (4) If a translation of the international application has been submitted under paragraph 154(1)(b), the translation replaces the text of the PCT national phase application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Restriction

    (5) The specification and the drawings contained in a PCT national phase application as a result of the replacement referred to in subsection (4) must not contain any matter not reasonably to be inferred from both

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the specification or the drawings contained in the application on its filing date; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the specification or the drawings contained in the application immediately before the replacement.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Clarification

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For greater certainty, in respect of an international application that has become a PCT national phase application, for the purposes of the Act and these Rules,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) documents or information included in the international application as filed are deemed to have been received by the Commissioner on the international filing date; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) documents or information, other than the documents or information referred to in paragraph (a), furnished in accordance with the requirements of the Patent Cooperation Treaty before the application became a PCT national phase application are deemed to have been received by the Commissioner on the day on which they were so furnished.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception — sequence listings

    (2) Paragraph (1)(b) does not apply in respect of sequence listings that do not form part of the international application.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Application considered open to public inspection

 If an international application is published in English or French by the International Bureau of the World Intellectual Property Organization under Article 21 of the Patent Cooperation Treaty on or before its national phase entry date, the application is considered to be open to public inspection under section 10 of the Act beginning on the date of that publication.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 27(2) of Act

 The requirements of subsection 27(2) of the Act regarding the petition and the application fee do not apply in respect of a PCT national phase application.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Non-application of certain provisions of Act

 Subsection 27(7), sections 27.01, 28 and 28.01, subsection 78.1(2) and section 78.2 of the Act do not apply in respect of a PCT national phase application.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Non-application of section 78 of Act

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Section 78 of the Act does not apply in respect of a period of time fixed under the Act for furnishing to the Commissioner, in relation to an international application that has become a PCT national phase application, a document or information in accordance with the Patent Cooperation Treaty before that international application became a PCT national phase application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Extension in accordance with Regulations under the PCT

    (2) If the period referred to in subsection (1) ended in respect of the application referred to in that subsection on a day referred to in an item of Rule 80.5 of the Regulations under the PCT, that period is extended to the next day that is not such a day.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Filing date

 The filing date of a PCT national phase application is the international filing date.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Filing date deemed to be within 12 months

 For the purposes of paragraph 28.1(1)(b) of the Act and subparagraphs 28.2(1)(d)(iii) and 28.4(5)(a)(i) and (ii) of the Act, even if the conditions referred to in paragraph 28.4(6)(b) of the Act are not met, the filing date of the pending application or the co-pending application, as the case may be, shall be deemed to be within 12 months after the filing date of the previously regularly filed application if

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) the filing date of the pending application or the co-pending application, as the case may be, is more than 12 months after the filing date of the previously regularly filed application, but within two months after the end of those 12 months;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) the pending application or the co-pending application, as the case may be, is a PCT national phase application or a divisional application resulting from the division of a PCT national phase application; and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) the right of priority, in respect of the previously regularly filed application, was restored under Rule 26bis.3 of the Regulations under the PCT and that restoration is, under Rule 49ter.1 of those Regulations, effective in Canada.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Application considered not to be referred to in paragraph 28.2(1)(c) or (d) of Act

 An international application is considered not to be an application for a patent referred to in paragraph 28.2(1)(c) of the Act or not to be a co-pending application referred to in paragraph 28.2(1)(d) of the Act, unless it has become a PCT national phase application.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Patent not invalid

 A patent that was granted on the basis of an international application must not be declared invalid by reason only that a fee referred to in section 154 was not paid.

PART 3Transitional Provisions

DIVISION 1Interpretation

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Definitions

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) The following definitions apply in this Part.

    application preceding the coming-into-force date

    application preceding the coming-into-force date means an application for a patent for which the filing date is before the coming-into-force date. (demande antérieure à la date d’entrée en vigueur)

    category 1 application

    category 1 application means an application for a patent for which the filing date is before October 1, 1989. (demande de catégorie 1)

    category 2 application

    category 2 application means an application for a patent for which the filing date is on or after October 1, 1989 but before October 1, 1996. (demande de catégorie 2)

    category 3 application

    category 3 application means an application for a patent for which the filing date is on or after October 1, 1996 but before the coming-into-force date. (demande de catégorie 3)

    coming-into-force date

    coming-into-force date means the day on which section 121 of the Economic Action Plan 2014 Act, No. 2 comes into force. (date d’entrée en vigueur)

    former Rules

    former Rules means the Patent Rules as they read immediately before the coming-into-force date. (anciennes règles)

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Interpretation

    (2) If the filing date of an application for a patent, other than a PCT national phase application, as determined in accordance with section 78.2 of the Act, precedes the coming-into-force date, the filing date of that application is, for the purposes of these Rules, the filing date determined in accordance with that section.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Reissued patents

 For greater certainty, for the purposes of this Part, a reissued patent is considered to be issued on the basis of the original application.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Application of subsection 3(1)

 For greater certainty, subsection 3(1) applies in respect of any time limit fixed by the former Rules that continues to apply under these Rules.

DIVISION 2Rules in Respect of Category 1 Applications

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Non-application of certain provisions of these Rules

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Sections 14, 47 to 51, 55, 56, 58 to 63, 65, 74 and 93 to 96, subsections 97(2) and (3) and sections 98 and 104 do not apply in respect of a category 1 application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 86(14)

    (2) Subsection 86(14) does not apply in respect of a category 1 application at any time at which it is forfeited under subsection 73(1) of the Act, as it read immediately before October 1, 1989.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Application of section 100

    (3) Section 100 applies in respect of a category 1 application only if a notice of allowance is sent on or after the coming-into-force date.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Application of certain provisions of former Rules

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Subject to subsection (3), sections 170, 171, 174, 175, 177, 181 and 183 to 186 of the former Rules continue to apply in respect of a category 1 application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Application of section 32 of former Rules

    (2) Section 32 of the former Rules continues to apply in respect of a category 1 application for which a notice of allowance was sent before the coming-into-force date, other than such an application that is forfeited under subsection 73(1) of the Act, as it read immediately before October 1, 1989, and is subsequently restored.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Photographs

    (3) Paragraphs 177(1)(a), (b), (e) and (h) of the former Rules do not apply in respect of photographs provided in respect of a category 1 application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Application of section 179 of former Rules

    (4) Section 179 of the former Rules continues to apply in respect of a category 1 application, except that the reference to “the filing date and number of each application in a country other than Canada on which the applicant bases the claim” in that section is to be read as a reference to “the filing date and the name of the country of filing of each application that was filed in a country other than Canada on which the claim is based”.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Reference to “the Act”

 A reference in section 42 and subsection 86(13) to “the Act”, in relation to a category 1 application, is to be read as a reference to “the Act as it read immediately before October 1, 1989”.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Final fee

 With respect to a category 1 application,

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) the reference to “the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 not later than four months after the date of the notice” in subsections 86(1), (6), (10) and (12) is to be read as a reference to “the final fee set out in paragraph 6(b) of Schedule II to the former Rules within six months after the date of the notice”; and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) the reference to “the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2”, “the small entity fee set out in that item ” and “the standard fee set out in that item” in subsection 87(1) is to be read as a reference to “the final fee set out in paragraph 6(b) of Schedule II to the former Rules”, “the small entity fee set out in paragraph 6(b) of Schedule II to the former Rules” and “the standard fee set out in paragraph 6(b) of Schedule II to the former Rules”, respectively.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Rejection for defects

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If an applicant of a category 1 application replies in good faith to a requisition made under subsection 30(2) of the former Rules, on or before the date set out in subsection (4) of this section, but the examiner, after receiving the reply, has reasonable grounds to believe that the application does not comply with the Act or these Rules in respect of any of the defects referred to in the requisition and that the applicant will not amend the application to comply with the Act and these Rules, the examiner may reject the application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Notice — application found allowable after final action

    (2) If an applicant of a category 1 application replies in good faith to a requisition made under subsection 30(4) of the former Rules, on or before the date set out in subsection (4) of this section, if the examiner has reasonable grounds to believe that the application complies with the Act and these Rules and if the Commissioner has not sent a notice of allowance under subsection 30(5) of the former Rules, the Commissioner must by notice inform the applicant that the rejection is withdrawn and the application has been found to be allowable and must require the payment of the final fee set out in paragraph 6(b) of Schedule II to the former Rules not later than four months after the date of that notice.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Rejection not withdrawn after final action

    (3) If an applicant of a category 1 application replies in good faith to a requisition made under subsection 30(4) of the former Rules, on or before the date set out in subsection (4) of this section, but the examiner, after that date, still has reasonable grounds to believe that the application does not comply with the Act or these Rules,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) if a notice was not sent under paragraph 30(6)(a) of the former Rules, the Commissioner must by notice inform the applicant that the rejection has not been withdrawn;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) any amendments made during the period beginning on the date of the final action notice and ending on the date set out in subsection (4) of this section are considered never to have been made; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) the application must be reviewed by the Commissioner.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Date

    (4) For the purposes of subsections (1) to (3), the date is the later of

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the day that is six months after the date of the requisition referred to in subsection 30(2) or (4) of the former Rules, as applicable, and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if the application is deemed to be abandoned under subsection 30(1) of the Act, as it read immediately before October 1, 1989, for the failure of the applicant to prosecute the application following the requisition made under subsection 30(2) or (4) of the former Rules, as applicable, the day on which the conditions for reinstatement set out in subsection 30(2) of the Act, as it read immediately before October 1, 1989, are met in respect of that abandonment.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Notice — application found allowable after amendments

    (5) If the applicant of a category 1 application has complied with a notice sent under subsection 30(6.3) of the former Rules in respect of amendments that have to be made and if a notice of allowance was not sent under that subsection, the Commissioner must by notice inform the applicant that the rejection is withdrawn and the application has been found to be allowable and require the payment of the final fee set out in paragraph 6(b) of Schedule II to the former Rules not later than four months after the date of the notice sent under this subsection.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of paragraph (3)(b)

    (6) Paragraph (3)(b) does not apply in respect of an application for a patent that, before December 29, 2013, was rejected by an examiner under subsection 30(3) of the former Rules unless the rejection has been withdrawn.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (7) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the time referred to in subsection (2) or (5).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:No amendment after rejection

 If a category 1 application is rejected by an examiner under subsection 172(1) of these Rules or subsection 30(3) of the former Rules, the specification and the drawings contained in the application must not be amended after the date prescribed by subsection 172(4) of these Rules, unless

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) a notice is sent to the applicant informing them that the rejection is withdrawn;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) the amendments made are those required in a notice sent under subsection 86(11) of these Rules or subsection 30(6.3) of the former Rules; or

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) the Supreme Court of Canada, the Federal Court of Appeal or the Federal Court orders the amendments to be made.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Reference

 The reference to “may be or could have been added, under section 38.2 of the Act without taking into account subsection 38.2(4) of the Act, to the specification and the drawings contained in the original application” in paragraph 91(a) is to be read, in relation to a category 1 application, as a reference to “results from an amendment to the specification or drawings that is not prohibited by section 181 of the former Rules”.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Reference to subsection 28.4(2) of Act and paragraph 93(1)(b) of these Rules

 The reference to “subsection 28.4(2) of the Act” in paragraph 92(c) and the reference to “paragraph 93(1)(b)” in paragraph 92(f), in relation to a category 1 application, are to be read as a reference to “section 179 of the former Rules” and “subsection 184(3) of the former Rules”, respectively.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Additional fee for restoration of application

 The additional fee to be paid for the restoration of a category 1 application that was forfeited under subsection 73(1) of the Act, as it read immediately before October 1, 1989, is $200.

DIVISION 3Rules in Respect of Category 2 Applications

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Non-application of certain provisions of these Rules

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Sections 17, 18, 47 to 51, 55, 56, 58 to 63, 73 and 74, subsections 81(1) and 84(2), sections 93 to 96, subsections 97(2) and (3), section 98, subsection 103(2) and sections 104 and 132 do not apply in respect of a category 2 application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Application of section 100

    (2) Section 100 applies in respect of a category 2 application only if a notice of allowance is sent on or after the coming-into-force date.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 103(1)

    (3) Subsection 103(1) does not apply in respect of a category 2 application that has a presentation date before the coming-into-force date.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Application of certain provisions of former Rules

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Subject to subsection (4), sections 66 and 134, subsections 135(1) and (3) to (5) and sections 138, 139, 141, 145, 146, 159 to 162 and 164 to 166 of the former Rules continue to apply in respect of a category 2 application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Application of section 26.1 of former Rules

    (2) Section 26.1 of the former Rules continues to apply in respect of the time prescribed by section 152 of the former Rules in respect of a category 2 application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Application of section 32 of former Rules

    (3) Section 32 of the former Rules continues to apply in respect of a category 2 application for which a notice of allowance was sent before the coming-into-force date, other than such an application that is deemed to be abandoned under paragraph 73(1)(f) of the Act, as it read immediately before the coming-into-force date, and is subsequently reinstated.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Photographs

    (4) Paragraphs 141(1)(a), (b), (e) and (h) of the former Rules do not apply in respect of photographs provided in respect of a category 2 application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Application of section 152 of former Rules

    (5) If, under section 78.51 or 78.52 of the Act, section 73 of the Act, as it read immediately before the coming-into-force date, applies in respect of an abandonment of a category 2 application, section 152 of the former Rules continues to apply in respect of that abandonment.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Application of subsections 163(2) and (3) of former Rules

    (6) Subsections 163(2) and (3) of the former Rules continue to apply in respect of a category 2 application, except that the reference to subsection (1) in subsection 163(2) is to be read as a reference to subsection 97(1) of these Rules.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Extension of time

 The Commissioner is authorized to extend, in respect of a category 2 application, the time referred to in the former Rules for payment of the fee referred to in subsection 3(3), (5) or (7) of the former Rules or the time referred to in subsection 184(2) or (5) of these Rules for the payment of the final fee — whether that time has expired or not — if the Commissioner considers that the circumstances justify the extension and if the conditions referred to in subsection 3(3) of these Rules are met.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Requirements for request for priority

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Subject to subsection (4), for the purposes of subsection 28.4(2) of the Act, a request for priority in respect of a category 2 application must be made in the petition of that application, or in a separate document, before the end of a period of six months after the filing date of the application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (2) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the time referred to in subsection (1).

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Time to submit information

    (3) Subject to subsection (4), the information required under subsection 28.4(2) of the Act in respect of an application for a patent, on the basis of which a request for priority has been made in relation to a category 2 application, must be submitted to the Commissioner within the time referred to in subsection (1).

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception

    (4) In the case of a request for priority made in respect of a category 2 application that is a PCT national phase application, the applicant, instead of complying with the requirements of subsections (1) and (3), may comply with the requirements of Rule 4.10 of the Regulations under the PCT, as they read immediately before July 1, 1998.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Notice requiring application to be made accessible

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If, for the purpose of examining a pending category 2 application in respect of which a request for priority was made before the coming-into-force date, the examiner takes into account a previously regularly filed application for a patent — other than such an application that was filed in Canada — on which the request for priority is based, the examiner may by notice require the applicant of the pending application to do one of the following, not later than four months after the date of the notice:

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) to submit to the Commissioner a copy of that previously regularly filed application, certified by the patent office where it was filed, as well as a certificate from that office indicating the filing date; or

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) to make a copy of that previously regularly filed application available to the Commissioner in a digital library that is specified by the Commissioner as being accepted for that purpose, and inform the Commissioner that it is so available.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Request for priority considered withdrawn

    (2) If the applicant fails to comply with the requirements of paragraph (1)(a) or (b) in respect of a previously regularly filed application for a patent not later than four months after the date of the notice referred to in subsection (1), the request for priority is considered to have been withdrawn at the end of that time in respect of that previously regularly filed application unless

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) a request is made to the patent office where the previously regularly filed application was filed to provide the copy and certificate referred to in paragraph (1)(a); and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the applicant submits to the Commissioner a request that the Commissioner restore the right of priority on the basis of that previously regularly filed application and a statement indicating the patent office to which the request referred to in paragraph (a) was made and the date of that request.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Applicant considered to comply

    (3) If the conditions set out in paragraphs (2)(a) and (b) are met in respect of a previously regularly filed application for a patent, the applicant is considered to have complied with subsection (1) in respect of that application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Submission of copy and certificate

    (4) If the conditions set out in paragraphs (2)(a) and (b) are met in respect of a previously regularly filed application for a patent and if the patent office where that application was filed provides the copy and certificate referred to in paragraph (1)(a), the applicant or the patentee, as applicable, must submit the copy and certificate to the Commissioner not later than three months after the day on which they were provided.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Request for priority considered withdrawn

    (5) If the applicant or patentee fails to comply with subsection (4) in respect of a previously regularly filed application for a patent, the request for priority is considered to have been withdrawn at the end of the time referred to in that subsection in respect of that application.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed time — subsection 35(2) of Act

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of subsection 35(2) of the Act, in respect of a category 2 application that is a divisional application, the prescribed time for making a request for examination and for paying the fee is not later than three months after the presentation date of the divisional application or, if the presentation date precedes the coming-into-force date, not later than six months after the presentation date of the divisional application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (2) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the times prescribed by subsection (1).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Exception to subsection 84(1)

 If a request is made by an applicant under subsection 84(1) in relation to a category 2 application, the Commissioner must not, despite that subsection, advance the examination of that application out of its routine order or, if the examination has been advanced, must return it to its routine order if

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) the Commissioner has, under subsection 3(1), extended the time fixed for doing anything in respect of the application;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) after April 30, 2011, the Commissioner has, under subsection 26(1) of the former Rules, extended the time fixed for doing anything in respect of the application;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) after April 30, 2011, the application is or was deemed to be abandoned under

    • (i) subsection 73(1) of the Act, or

    • (ii) subsection 73(1) of the Act as it read immediately before the coming-into-force date; or

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (d) on or after the coming-into-force date, the application is or was deemed to be abandoned under subsection 73(2) of the Act.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Rejection for defects

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If an applicant of a category 2 application replies in good faith to a requisition made under subsection 30(2) of the former Rules, on or before the date set out in subsection (4) of this section, but the examiner, after receiving the reply, has reasonable grounds to believe that the application does not comply with the Act or these Rules in respect of any of the defects referred to in the requisition and that the applicant will not amend the application to comply with the Act and these Rules, the examiner may reject the application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Notice — application found allowable after final action

    (2) If an applicant of a category 2 application replies in good faith to a requisition made under subsection 30(4) of the former Rules, on or before the date set out in subsection (4) of this section, if the examiner has reasonable grounds to believe that the application complies with the Act and these Rules and if the Commissioner has not sent a notice of allowance under subsection 30(5) of the former Rules, the Commissioner must by notice inform the applicant that the rejection is withdrawn and the application has been found to be allowable and require the payment of the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 not later than four months after the date of the notice sent under this subsection.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Rejection not withdrawn after final action

    (3) If an applicant of a category 2 application replies in good faith to a requisition made under subsection 30(4) of the former Rules, on or before the date set out in subsection (4) of this section, but the examiner, after that date, has reasonable grounds to believe that the application does not comply with the Act or these Rules,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) if a notice was not sent under paragraph 30(6)(a) of the former Rules, the Commissioner must by notice inform the applicant that the rejection has not been withdrawn;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) any amendments made to that application during the period beginning on the date of the final action notice and ending on the date set out in subsection (4) of this section are considered never to have been made; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) the application must be reviewed by the Commissioner.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Date

    (4) For the purposes of subsections (1) to (3), the date is the later of

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the earlier of

      • (i) the day that is six months after the date of the requisition referred to in subsection 30(2) or (4) of the former rules, as applicable, and

      • (ii) the last day of the period determined by the Commissioner, if any, under paragraph 73(1)(a) of the Act, as it read immediately before the coming-into-force date, and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if the category 2 application is deemed to be abandoned under paragraph 73(1)(a) of the Act, as it read immediately before the coming-into-force date, for failure to reply in good faith to the requisition made under subsection 30(2) or (4) of the former Rules, as applicable, the day on which the conditions for reinstatement set out in subsection 73(3) of the Act, as it read immediately before the coming-into-force date, are met in respect of that abandonment.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Notice — application found allowable after amendments

    (5) If the applicant of a category 2 application has complied with a notice sent under subsection 30(6.3) of the former Rules in respect of amendments that have to be made and if a notice of allowance was not sent under that subsection, the Commissioner must by notice inform the applicant that the rejection is withdrawn and that the application has been found to be allowable and require the payment of the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 not later than four months after the date of the notice sent under this subsection.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of paragraph (3)(b)

    (6) Paragraph (3)(b) does not apply in respect of an application for a patent that, before December 29, 2013, was rejected by an examiner under subsection 30(3) of the former Rules unless the rejection has been withdrawn.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (7) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the time referred to in subsection (2) or (5).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:No amendment after rejection

 If a category 2 application is rejected by an examiner under subsection 184(1) of these Rules or subsection 30(3) of the former Rules, the specification and the drawings contained in the application must not be amended after the date prescribed by subsection 184(4) of these Rules, unless

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) a notice is sent to the applicant informing them that the rejection is withdrawn;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) the amendments are those that are specified in a notice sent under subsection 86(11) of these Rules or subsection 30(6.3) of the former Rules; or

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) the Supreme Court of Canada, the Federal Court of Appeal or the Federal Court orders the amendments to be made.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Documents and information — divisional application

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purpose of paragraph 38.2(3.1)(b) of the Act, the prescribed documents and information in respect of a category 2 application that has a presentation date before the coming-into-force date are

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) in the case of such an application that has a presentation date before October 1, 1996, the documents and information referred to in clauses 78.2(a)(ii)(A) to (D) of the Act;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in the case of such an application that has a presentation date on or after October 1, 1996 but before June 2, 2007, the documents and information referred to in clauses 78.2(a)(iii)(A) to (D) of the Act; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) in the case of such an application that has a presentation date on or after June 2, 2007 but before the coming-into-force date, the documents and information referred to in clauses 78.2(a)(iv)(A) to (D) of the Act.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Presentation date

    (2) The presentation date of a category 2 application is

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) if all of the elements referred to in clauses 78.2(a)(ii)(A) to (E) of the Act were received by the Commissioner before October 1, 1996, the day on which they were received or, if they were received on different days, the latest of those days;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if paragraph (a) does not apply and if at least one of the elements referred to in clauses 78.2(a)(iii)(A) to (E) of the Act was received by the Commissioner on or after October 1, 1996, and all of those elements were received by the Commissioner before June 2, 2007, the day on which they were received or, if they were received on different days, the latest of those days;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) if paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply and if least one of the elements referred to in clauses 78.2(a)(iv)(A) to (E) of the Act was received by the Commissioner on or after June 2, 2007 and all of those elements were received by the Commissioner before the coming-into-force date, the day on which they were received or, if they were received on different days, the latest of those days; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (d) if paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) do not apply and if all of the documents and information referred to in subsection 103(1) of these Rules were received by the Commissioner and least one of those elements was received by the Commissioner on or after the coming-into-force date, the day on which they were received or, if they were received on different days, the latest of those days.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Application deemed abandoned

 For the purposes of subsection 73(2) of the Act, a category 2 application is deemed to be abandoned if

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) a notice is sent under section 31 and the requirements are not complied with within the applicable time referred to in that section;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) the applicant fails to reply in good faith to a request of the Commissioner for further drawings under subsection 27(5.2) of the Act not later than three months after the date of the request;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) the applicant does not reply in good faith to a notice of the Commissioner referred to in section 65 within the time referred to in that section; or

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (d) the applicant does not pay the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 within the applicable time referred to in subsection 86(1), (6), (10) or (12) or 184(2) or (5).

DIVISION 4Rules in Respect of Category 3 Applications

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Non-application of certain provisions of these Rules

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Subsections 73(1) and (4), 81(1), 84(2) and 103(2) and section 132 do not apply in respect of a category 3 application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of section 74

    (2) Section 74 does not apply in respect of a request for priority made in relation to a category 3 application before the coming-into-force date.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Application of section 100

    (3) Section 100 applies in respect of a category 3 application only if a notice of allowance is sent on or after the coming-into-force date.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 103(1)

    (4) Subsection 103(1) does not apply in respect of a category 3 application that has a presentation date before the coming-into-force date.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of section 104

    (5) Section 104 does not apply in relation to a category 3 application in respect of which an assignment was registered under subsection 49(2) of the Act, as it read immediately before the coming-into-force date.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Application of section 26.1 of former Rules

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Section 26.1 of the former Rules continues to apply in respect of the time prescribed by section 98 of the former Rules in respect of a category 3 application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Application of section 32 of former Rules

    (2) Section 32 of the former Rules continues to apply in respect of a category 3 application for which a notice of allowance was sent before the coming-into-force date other than such an application that is deemed to be abandoned under paragraph 73(1)(f) of the Act, as it read immediately before the coming-into-force date, and is subsequently reinstated.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Application of section 66 of the former Rules

    (3) Section 66 of the former Rules continues to apply in relation to a category 3 application in respect of which the applicant, before the coming-into-force date, complied with the requirements of subsection 58(1) of the former Rules and, if applicable, with the requirements of subsection 58(2) of those Rules.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Application of section 98 of former Rules

    (4) If, under section 78.51 or 78.52 of the Act, section 73 of the Act, as it read immediately before the coming-into-force date, applies in respect of the abandonment of a category 3 application, section 98 of the former Rules continues to apply in respect of that abandonment.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Extension of time

 The Commissioner is authorized to extend, in respect of a category 3 application, the time referred to in the former Rules for payment of the fee referred to in subsection 3(3), (5) or (7) of the former Rules or the time referred to in subsection 199(2) or (5) of these Rules for the payment of the final fee — whether that time has expired or not — if the Commissioner considers that the circumstances justify the extension and if the conditions referred to in subsection 3(3) of these Rules are met.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed date — withdrawal of request for priority

 For the purposes of subsection 10(4) of the Act, if a request for priority that was made in respect of a category 3 application has been withdrawn with respect to a previously regularly filed application for a patent before the coming-into-force date, the prescribed date is, despite section 17, the later of

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) the earlier of

    • (i) the day on which a period of 16 months after the filing date of the previously regularly filed application expires, and

    • (ii) if the request for priority is based on more than one previously regularly filed application, the day on which a period of 16 months after the earliest of the filing dates of those applications expires, and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) if the Commissioner is able to stop the technical preparations to open the category 3 application to public inspection before the expiry of the confidentiality period referred to in subsection 10(2) of the Act, the day on which the Commissioner stops those preparations.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed date — withdrawn application

 If a category 3 application is withdrawn before the coming-into-force date, for the purposes of subsection 10(5) of the Act, the prescribed date is, despite section 18 of these Rules, the day that is two months before the expiry date of the confidentiality period referred to in subsection 10(2) of the Act or, if the Commissioner is able to stop the technical preparations to open the application to public inspection at a subsequent date preceding the expiry of that period, that subsequent date.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Exception to subsection 50(1)

 In respect of a category 3 application, the applicant may comply with the requirements of subsection 73(1) of the former Rules instead of the requirements of subsection 50(1) of these Rules.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Exception to section 58

 In respect of a category 3 application for which the filing date was before June 2, 2007, the applicant may comply with the requirements of sections 111 to 131 of the Patent Rules, as they read immediately before June 2, 2007, instead of the requirements of section 58 of these Rules.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Requirements for request for priority

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of subsection 28.4(2) of the Act, a request for priority in respect of a category 3 application must be made in the petition of that application or in a separate document, before the later of the end of

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) a period 16 months after the earliest of the filing dates of the previously regularly filed applications for a patent on which the request is based, and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) a period four months after the filing date of the category 3 application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Time prescribed by subsection 73(1)

    (2) With respect to a request for priority made in relation to a category 3 application, the reference to “the time prescribed by subsection (1)” in subsections 73(2) and (6) is to be read as a reference to “the time prescribed by subsection 195(1)”.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Correction — error in filing date

    (3) An error in a filing date submitted under subsection 28.4(2) of the Act in relation to a request for priority in respect of a category 3 application may be corrected on request submitted before the earliest of

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the end of the period referred to in subsection (1), as determined using the corrected filing date,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the end of the period referred to in subsection (1), as determined using the uncorrected filing date, and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) if applicable, the day on which the applicant submits their approval, under subsection 10(2) of the Act, for the category 3 application to be open to public inspection before the expiry of the confidentiality period, unless that approval is withdrawn in time to permit the Commissioner to stop the technical preparations to open the application to public inspection.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (4) Subsection 3(1) does not apply to the time referred to in subsection (1).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Notice requiring application to be made accessible

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If, for the purpose of examining a pending category 3 application in respect of which a request for priority was made before the coming-into-force date, the examiner takes into account a previously regularly filed application for a patent — other than such an application that was filed in Canada — on which the request for priority is based, the examiner may by notice require the applicant of the pending application to do one of the following not later than four months after the date of the notice:

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) to submit to the Commissioner a copy of that previously regularly filed application, certified by the patent office where it was filed, as well as a certificate from that office indicating the filing date; or

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) to make a copy of that previously regularly filed application available to the Commissioner in a digital library that is specified by the Commissioner as being accepted for that purpose, and inform the Commissioner that it is so available.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Request for priority considered withdrawn

    (2) If the applicant fails to comply with the requirements of paragraph (1)(a) or (b) in respect of a previously regularly filed application for a patent not later than four months after the date of the notice referred to in subsection (1), the request for priority is considered to have been withdrawn at the end of that time in respect of that previously regularly filed application unless, before the end of that time,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) a request is made to the patent office where the previously regularly filed application was filed to provide the copy and certificate referred to in paragraph (1)(a); and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the applicant submits to the Commissioner a request that the Commissioner restore the right of priority on the basis of that previously regularly filed application and a statement indicating the patent office to which the request referred to in paragraph (a) was made and the date of that request.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Applicant considered to comply

    (3) If the conditions set out in paragraphs (2)(a) and (b) are met by the applicant in respect of a previously regularly filed application for a patent, the applicant is considered to have complied with subsection (1) in respect of that application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Submission of copy and certificate

    (4) If the conditions set out in paragraphs (2)(a) and (b) are met in respect of a previously regularly filed application for a patent and if the patent office where that application was filed provides the copy and certificate referred to in paragraph (1)(a), the applicant or the patentee, as applicable, must submit the copy and certificate to the Commissioner not later than three months after the day on which they were provided.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Request for priority considered withdrawn

    (5) If the applicant or patentee fails to comply with subsection (4) in respect of a previously regularly filed application for a patent, the request for priority is considered to have been withdrawn at the end of the time referred to in that subsection in respect of that application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception

    (6) Subsections (1) to (5) do not apply in respect of a previously regularly filed application on the basis of which an applicant requests priority if the pending category 3 application is a PCT national phase application or a divisional application resulting from the division of a PCT national phase application and if the requirements of Rule 17.1(a), (b) or (b-bis) of the Regulations under the PCT are complied with in respect of that previously regularly filed application.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Prescribed time — subsection 35(2) of Act

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of subsection 35(2) of the Act, in respect of a category 3 application, the prescribed time for making a request for examination and for paying the fee is any time before

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) in the case of such an application that is not a divisional application, the end of a period of five years after the filing date of the application; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in the case of such an application that is a divisional application, the later of

      • (i) the end of the time that is applicable under this subsection in respect of the original application, and

      • (ii) the end of a period of three months after the presentation date of the divisional application or, if the presentation date precedes the coming-into-force date, the end of a period of six months after the presentation date of the divisional application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (2) Subsection 3(1) does not apply to the times prescribed by subsection (1).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Exception to subsection 84(1)

 If a request is made by an applicant under subsection 84(1) in relation to a category 3 application, the Commissioner must not, despite that subsection, advance the examination of that application out of its routine order or, if the examination has been advanced, must return it to its routine order if

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) the Commissioner has, under subsection 3(1), extended the time fixed for doing anything in respect of the application;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) after April 30, 2011, the Commissioner has, under subsection 26(1) of the former Rules, extended the time fixed for doing anything in respect of the application;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) after April 30, 2011, the application is or was deemed to be abandoned under

    • (i) subsection 73(1) of the Act, or

    • (ii) subsection 73(1) of the Act, as it read immediately before the coming-into-force date; or

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (d) on or after the coming-into-force date, the application is or was deemed to be abandoned under subsection 73(2) of the Act.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Rejection for defects

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) If an applicant of a category 3 application replies in good faith to a requisition made under subsection 30(2) of the former Rules on or before the date set out in subsection (4) of this section but the examiner, after receiving the reply, has reasonable grounds to believe that the application does not comply with the Act or these Rules in respect of any of the defects referred to in the requisition and that the applicant will not amend the application to comply with the Act and these Rules, the examiner may reject the application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Notice — application found allowable after final action

    (2) If an applicant of a category 3 application replies in good faith to a requisition made under subsection 30(4) of the former Rules, on or before the date set out in subsection (4) of this section, and the examiner has reasonable grounds to believe that the application complies with the Act and these Rules and if the Commissioner has not sent a notice of allowance under subsection 30(5) of the former Rules, the Commissioner must by notice inform the applicant that the rejection is withdrawn and the application has been found to be allowable and require the payment of the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 not later than four months after the date of notice sent under this subsection.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Rejection not withdrawn after final action

    (3) If an applicant of a category 3 application replies in good faith to a requisition made under subsection 30(4) of the former Rules on or before the date set out in subsection (4) of this section but the examiner, after that date, still has reasonable grounds to believe that the application does not comply with the Act or these Rules,

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) if a notice was not sent under paragraph 30(6)(a) of the former Rules, the Commissioner must by notice inform the applicant that the rejection has not been withdrawn;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) any amendments made to that application during the period beginning on the date of the final action notice and ending on the date set out in subsection (4) of this section are considered never to have been made; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) the application must be reviewed by the Commissioner.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Date

    (4) For the purposes of subsections (1) to (3), the date is the later of

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the earlier of

      • (i) the day that is six months after the date of the requisition referred to in subsection 30(2) or (4) of the former Rules, as applicable, and

      • (ii) the last day of the period determined by the Commissioner, if any, under paragraph 73(1)(a) of the Act, as it read immediately before the coming-into-force date, and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if the category 3 application is deemed to be abandoned under paragraph 73(1)(a) of the Act, as it read immediately before the coming-into-force date, for failure to reply in good faith to a requisition made under subsection 30(2) or (4) of the former Rules, as applicable, the day on which the conditions for reinstatement set out in subsection 73(3) of the Act, as it read immediately before the coming-into-force date, are met in respect of that abandonment.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Notice — application found allowable after amendments

    (5) If the applicant of a category 3 application has complied with a notice sent under subsection 30(6.3) of the former Rules in respect of specific amendments that have to be made and if a notice of allowance was not sent under that subsection, the Commissioner must by notice inform the applicant that the rejection is withdrawn and that the application has been found to be allowable and require the payment of the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 not later than four months after the date of notice sent under this subsection.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of paragraph (3)(b)

    (6) Paragraph (3)(b) does not apply in respect of an application for a patent that, before December 29, 2013, was rejected by an examiner under subsection 30(3) of the former Rules unless the rejection has been withdrawn.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Non-application of subsection 3(1)

    (7) Subsection 3(1) does not apply in respect of the time referred to in subsection (2) or (5).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:No amendment after rejection

 If a category 3 application is rejected by an examiner under subsection 199(1) of these Rules or subsection 30(3) of the former Rules, the specification and the drawings contained in the application must not be amended after the date prescribed by subsection 199(4) of these Rules, unless

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) a notice is sent to the applicant informing them that the rejection is withdrawn;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) the amendments are those required in a notice sent under subsection 86(11) of these Rules or subsection 30(6.3) of the former Rules; or

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) the Supreme Court of Canada, the Federal Court of Appeal or the Federal Court orders the amendments to be made.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Request to furnish sample to independent expert

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) A notice referred to in subsection 104(4) of the former Rules that was filed in respect of a category 3 application is considered to be a request referred to in section 95 of these Rules.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Independent expert considered to be nominated

    (2) An independent expert who was nominated under subsection 109(1) of the former Rules is considered to be nominated under section 96 of these Rules.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Documents and information — divisional application

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of paragraph 38.2(3.1)(b) of the Act, the prescribed documents and information in respect of a category 3 application that has a presentation date before the coming-into-force date are

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) in the case of such an application that has a presentation date before June 2, 2007, the documents and information referred to in clauses 78.2(a)(iii)(A) to (D) of the Act; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) in the case of such an application that has a presentation date on or after June 2, 2007 but before the coming-into-force date, the documents and information referred to in clauses 78.2(a)(iv)(A) to (D) of the Act.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Presentation date

    (2) The presentation date of a category 3 application is

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) if all of the elements referred to in clauses 78.2(a)(iii)(A) to (E) of the Act were received by the Commissioner before June 2, 2007, the day on which they were received or, if they were received on different days, the latest of those days;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) if paragraph (a) does not apply and if at least one of the elements referred to in clauses 78.2(a)(iv)(A) to (E) of the Act was received by the Commissioner on or after June 2, 2007 and all of those elements were received by the Commissioner before the coming-into-force date, the day on which they were received, or if they were received on different days, the latest of those days; and

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) if paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply and if all of the documents and information referred to in subsection 103(1) of these Rules were received by the Commissioner and at least one of those elements was received by the Commissioner on or after the coming-into-force date, the day on which they were received or, if they were received on different days, the latest of those days.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Application deemed abandoned

 For the purposes of subsection 73(2) of the Act, a category 3 application is deemed to be abandoned if

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) a notice is sent under section 31 and the requirements are not complied with within the applicable time referred to in that section;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) the applicant does not reply in good faith to a request of the Commissioner for further drawings under subsection 27(5.2) of the Act not later than three months after the date of the request;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) the applicant does not reply in good faith to a notice of the Commissioner referred to in section 65 within the time referred to in that section; or

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (d) the applicant does not pay the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 within the applicable time referred to in subsection 86(1), (6), (10) or (12) or 199(2) or (5).

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Refund of final fee

 If a category 3 application is deemed to be abandoned under paragraph 73(1)(f) of the Act, as it read immediately before the coming-into-force date, and is subsequently reinstated,

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) the Commissioner must refund the final fee paid in respect of that application if a request for a refund of the fee is received not later than one month after the date of the reinstatement of the application; and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) if the final fee paid in respect of that application has not been refunded, despite subsections 86(1), (6), (10) and (12), the Commissioner must not require payment of that fee in any notice of allowance sent after the reinstatement of the application.

DIVISION 5Rules Applicable to Certain Patents

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Non-application of subsections 97(2) and (3)

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Subsections 97(2) and (3) do not apply in respect of a patent granted on the basis of a category 1 or category 2 application.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Application of subsections 187(2) and (3) of former Rules

    (2) Subsections 187(2) and (3) of the former Rules continue to apply in respect of a patent issued on the basis of a category 1 application, except that the reference to subsection (1) in subsection 187(2) is to be read as a reference to subsection 97(1) of these Rules.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Application of subsections 163(2) and (3) of former Rules

    (3) Subsections 163(2) and (3) of the former Rules continue to apply in respect of a patent issued on the basis of a category 2 application, except that the reference to subsection (1) in subsection 163(2) shall be read as a reference to subsection 97(1) of these Rules.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Application of certain provisions of former Rules to patents granted on basis of category 1 application

 Subsections 3(9) and 182(1) to (3) of the former Rules and item 32 of Schedule II to those Rules continue to apply in respect of the applicable fee payable to maintain the rights accorded by a patent granted on the basis of a category 1 application, if the time — not including the period of grace — referred to in that item for the payment of that fee ends before the coming-into-force date.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Application of certain provisions of former Rules to patents granted on basis of category 3 application

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) Subsection 3(8) and sections 100 and 101 of the former Rules and item 31 of Schedule II to those Rules continue to apply in respect of the applicable fee payable to maintain the rights accorded by a patent granted on the basis of a category 3 application, if the time — not including the period of grace — referred to in that item for the payment of that fee ends before the coming-into-force date.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Extension of time

    (2) The Commissioner is authorized to extend the time for payment of the fee referred to in subsection 3(8) of the former Rules in respect of a patent issued on the basis of a category 3 application — whether the time, including a period of grace, has expired or not — the Commissioner considers that the circumstances justify the extension and if the conditions referred to in subsection 3(3) of these Rules are met.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Maintenance fee — patent

 In respect of a patent granted on the basis of a category 1 application, the reference to “set out in item 25 of Schedule 2” in subsection 112(1) is to be read as a reference to “set out in item 1 of Schedule 3”.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Patent not invalid

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) A patent that was granted on the basis of an international application must not be declared invalid by reason only that a fee referred to in section 58 of the former Rules was not paid.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of a patent that was granted before the coming-into-force date or a reissued patent if the original patent was granted before that date.

DIVISION 6Other Rules

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Exception — national phase entry date

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) For the purposes of these Rules, if the applicant of an international application for which the international filing date, as defined in section 141, precedes the coming-into-force date has, before the coming-into-force date, complied with the requirements of subsection 58(1) and, if applicable, subsection 58(2) of the former Rules, the national phase entry date in respect of that application is the date on which the applicant complied with those requirements, or, if the applicant complied with those requirements on different dates, the latest of those dates.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Fee considered paid

    (2) If the Commissioner has, under section 179 or 190 of these Rules or subsection 26(3) of the former Rules, extended the time for the payment of a fee referred to in subsection 3(5) or (7) of the former Rules, and the fee is paid before the end of the extended period, for the purposes of subsection (1), that fee is considered to have been paid on the day on which the amount of the small entity fee was paid.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception — national phase entry date

    (3) In these Rules, if the applicant of an international application for which the international filing date, as defined in section 141, precedes the coming-into-force date has, on or after the coming-into-force date, complied with the requirements of subparagraphs 154(3)(a)(ii) to (iv) and paragraph 154(3)(b), the national phase entry date in respect of that application is the date on which the applicant complied with those requirements, or, if the applicant complied with those requirements on different dates, the latest of those dates.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Small entity declaration

    (4) For the purpose of subsection (3), an applicant is not considered to have paid the fee referred to in clause 154(3)(a)(iii)(A) or 154(3)(b)(i)(A) or (ii)(A) until the small entity declaration has been filed.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Extension of period — section 208

 The Commissioner is authorized to extend the time for the payment of a fee referred to in subsection 112(1), as modified by section 208 — whether that time has expired or not — if the Commissioner considers that the circumstances justify the extension and if the conditions referred to in subsection 3(3) are met.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Extension of period established by Commissioner

 If, under paragraph 73(1)(a) of the Act, as it read immediately before the coming-into-force date, the Commissioner established a shorter period for replying in good faith to any requisition made by an examiner in connection with an examination, the Commissioner is authorized to extend that period for up to six months after the requisition was made — whether that time has expired or not — if the Commissioner considers that the circumstances justify the extension and if, before the expiration of that period, the extension is applied for and the fee set out in item 1 of Schedule 2 is paid.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Extension of time fixed by former Rules

 If, before the coming-into-force date, a requisition referred to in section 23, 25, 37 or 94 of the former Rules was sent by notice by the Commissioner, the Commissioner is authorized to extend the time period to reply in good faith under that section to the requisition — whether that period has expired or not — if the Commissioner considers that the circumstances justify the extension and if, before the expiration of that period, the extension is applied for and the fee referred to in item 1 of Schedule 2 to these Rules is paid.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Communication sent before refusal

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) In respect of a communication in relation to an application preceding the coming-into-force date, or in relation to a patent granted on the basis of such an application, the reference to “four months” in subsections 11(1) and (2) is to be read as a reference to “six months” if the refusal to recognize the person to whom that communication is sent as a patent agent or an attorney occurred on the coming-into-force date or within six months following that date.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Communication sent before removal

    (2) In respect of a communication in relation to an application preceding the coming-into-force date, or in relation to a patent granted on the basis of such an application, the reference to “four months” in subsection 11(3) is to be read as a reference to “six months” if the name of the person to whom that communication is sent is removed from the register of patent agents on the coming-into-force date or within “six months” following that date.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Documents not in English or French

 Despite section 15, the Commissioner must have regard to any document or part of a document that is submitted or made available in a language other than English or French under subsection 181(1) or 196(1) of these Rules, or provided under subsection 29(1) or paragraph 58(1)(a) of the former Rules or filed under section 89, 143 or 180 of the former Rules, in a language other than English or French.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Patent agent deemed to be appointed

 If, before the coming-into-force date, a patent agent was appointed in the petition or in a notice to that effect signed by the applicant and submitted to the Commissioner, the appointment of the patent agent is deemed to have been made in accordance with section 27.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Associate patent agent deemed to be appointed

 If, before the coming-into-force date, an associate patent agent was appointed in the petition or in a notice that was signed by the patent agent who appointed the associate patent agent and submitted to the Commissioner, the appointment of the associate patent agent is deemed to have been made in accordance with section 28.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Representation — application preceding coming-into-force date

 In respect of an application preceding the coming-into-force date — other than a divisional application that has a presentation date on or after the coming-into-force date — for which there are joint applicants and in respect of which no common representative is appointed under paragraph 26(3)(a) or (c), in respect of which no correction or decision referred to in subsection 26(6) was made — other than a decision made before the coming-into-force date — and in respect of which subsection 26(9) does not apply,

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) if, immediately before these Rules come into force, no patent agent residing in Canada is appointed

    • (i) subsections 26(4) to (6) do not apply, and

    • (ii) subject to subsection 26(11), the joint applicant who, immediately before these Rules come into force was the authorized correspondent under the former Rules, is deemed to be appointed as the common representative; and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) if, immediately before these Rules come into force, a patent agent residing in Canada is appointed,

    • (i) if the appointment of that patent agent has been revoked, the joint applicant whose name appears first when listed in alphabetical order at the time of the revocation is, subject to subsection 26(11), deemed to be appointed as the common representative, and

    • (ii) in any other case,

      • (A) subsections 26(4) to (6) and paragraph 27(7)(a) do not apply,

      • (B) any appointment of a patent agent by the applicants on or after the coming-into-force date may, despite subsection 27(3), be made only by a notice to that effect signed by all of the applicants and submitted to the Commissioner, and

      • (C) an appointment of a patent agent may be revoked by submitting to the Commissioner a notice to that effect signed by all of the applicants or by that patent agent.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Representation — patent granted before coming-into-force date

 In respect of a patent — other than a reissued patent — granted before the coming-into-force date for which there are joint patentees and in respect of which no common representative is appointed under paragraph 26(3)(a) and in respect of which subsection 26(9) does not apply,

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) if, immediately before the patent was granted, no patent agent residing in Canada was appointed in respect of the application on which the patent was based and if the joint applicant who, immediately before the patent was granted, was the authorized correspondent under the former Rules, is a patentee immediately before these Rules come into force,

    • (i) subsection 26(7) does not apply, and

    • (ii) subject to subsection 26(11), that applicant is deemed to be appointed as the common representative; and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) in any other case,

    • (i) subsection 26(7) and paragraph 27(7)(a) do not apply,

    • (ii) any appointment of a patent agent by the patentees on or after the coming-into-force date may, despite subsection 27(3), be made only by a notice to that effect signed by all of the patentees and submitted to the Commissioner, and

    • (iii) an appointment of a patent agent, including a deemed appointment, may be revoked by submitting to the Commissioner a notice to that effect signed by all of the patentees or by that patent agent.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Representation — patent reissued before coming-into-force date

 In respect of a patent that is reissued before the coming-into-force date for which there are joint patentees and in respect of which no common representative is appointed under paragraph 26(3)(a) and in respect of which subsection 26(9) does not apply,

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) if, immediately before the original patent was granted, no patent agent residing in Canada was appointed in respect of the application on which the original patent was based and if the joint applicant who, immediately before the original patent was granted, was the authorized correspondent under the former Rules, is a patentee of the reissued patent immediately before these Rules come into force,

    • (i) subsection 26(8) does not apply, and

    • (ii) subject to subsection 26(11), that applicant is deemed to be appointed as the common representative; and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) in any other case,

    • (i) subsection 26(8) and paragraph 27(7)(a) do not apply,

    • (ii) any appointment of a patent agent by the patentees on or after the coming-into-force date may, despite subsection 27(3), be made only by a notice to that effect signed by all of the patentees and submitted to the Commissioner, and

    • (iii) an appointment of a patent agent, including a deemed appointment, may be revoked by submitting to the Commissioner a notice to that effect signed by all of the patentees or by that patent agent.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Representation — patent granted on or after coming-into-force date

 In respect of a patent — other than a reissued patent — granted on or after the coming-into-force date, on the basis of an application preceding the coming-into-force date, for which there are joint patentees and in respect of which no common representative is appointed under paragraph 26(3)(a), if, immediately before the patent was granted, no common representative was appointed in respect of that application,

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) subsection 26(7) and paragraph 27(7)(a) do not apply;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) any appointment of a patent agent on or after the coming-into-force date may, despite subsection 27(3), be made by the patentees only by a notice to that effect signed by all of the patentees and submitted to the Commissioner; and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) an appointment of a patent agent, including a deemed appointment, may be revoked by submitting to the Commissioner a notice to that effect signed by all of the patentees or by that patent agent.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Representation — patent reissued on or after coming-into-force date

 In respect of a patent that is reissued — on the basis of an application preceding the coming-into-force date — on or after the coming-into-force date, for which there are joint patentees and in respect of which no common representative is appointed under paragraph 26(3)(a), if, immediately before the patent was reissued, no common representative was appointed in respect of the original patent,

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) subsection 26(8) and paragraph 27(7)(a) do not apply;

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) any appointment of a patent agent on or after the coming-into-force date may, despite subsection 27(3), be made by the patentees only by a notice to that effect signed by all of the patentees and submitted to the Commissioner; and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (c) an appointment of a patent agent may be revoked by submitting to the Commissioner a notice to that effect signed by all of the patentees or by that patent agent.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Non-application of section 37

 Section 37 does not apply in respect of business before the Patent Office for the purpose of a procedure commenced before the coming-into-force date.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Small entity declaration for patent or application

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) A small entity declaration filed before the coming-into-force date in respect of a patent or an application for a patent in accordance with section 3.01 of the former Rules is considered to be filed in accordance with subsection 44(3) or 112(3) of these Rules, as applicable.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Small entity declaration — patent

    (2) A small entity declaration filed in respect of a patent in accordance with section 3.02 of the former Rules before the coming-into-force date is considered to be filed in accordance with subsection 122(4) of these Rules.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Exception to section 54 — filing date before June 2, 2007

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) In respect of an application for a patent, other than a PCT national phase application, that has a filing date before June 2, 2007, the applicant, instead of complying with the requirements of section 54, may comply with

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the requirements of section 37 of the former Rules;

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the requirements of section 77 of the Patent Rules, as they read immediately before October 1, 2010; or

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (c) the requirements of sections 37 and 77 of the Patent Rules, as they read immediately before June 2, 2007.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception — compliance with other requirements

    (2) In respect of a PCT national phase application for which the filing date is before June 2, 2007, the applicant may, instead of complying with the requirements of section 54, comply with the requirements of paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) or file a declaration as to the applicant’s entitlement on the filing date to apply for and be granted a patent in accordance with Rule 4.17 of the Regulations under the PCT.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Exception to section 54 — filing date before October 1, 2010

  • The following provision is not in force.

     (1) In respect of an application for a patent, other than a PCT national phase application, for which the filing date is June 2, 2007 or later but before October 1, 2010, the applicant, instead of complying with the requirements of section 54, may comply with

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (a) the requirements of section 37 of the former Rules; or

    • The following provision is not in force.

      (b) the requirements of section 77 of the Patent Rules, as they read immediately before October 1, 2010.

  • The following provision is not in force.

    Marginal note:Exception — compliance wth other requirements

    (2) In respect of a PCT national phase application for which the filing date is June 2, 2007 or later but before October 1, 2010, the applicant may, instead of complying with the requirements of section 54, comply with the requirements of paragraph (1)(a) or (b) or file a declaration as to the applicant’s entitlement on the filing date to apply for and be granted a patent in accordance with Rule 4.17 of the Regulations under the PCT.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Exception to section 54 — filing date before coming-into-force date

 In respect of an application for a patent for which the filing date is October 1, 2010 or later but before the coming-into-force date, the applicant, instead of complying with the requirements of section 54, may comply with the requirements of section 37 of the former Rules.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Clarification

 For greater certainty, the dates prescribed by sections 69 and 113 do not include any dates that precede the coming-into-force date.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Final fee paid before coming-into-force date

 If, before the coming-into-force date, the applicant of an application preceding the coming-into-force date paid, in respect of that application, the applicable final fee set out in item 6 of Schedule II to the former Rules and that fee was not refunded before that date,

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (a) the reference to “on or before the day on which the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 is paid or, if the final fee is refunded, on or before the day on which the final fee is paid again” in subsections 73(5) and 100(2) and section 106 is to be read, in respect of that application, as a reference to “on or before the day on which the applicable final fee set out in item 6 of Schedule II to the former Rules is paid or, if the final fee is refunded, on or before the day on which the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 is paid”; and

  • The following provision is not in force.

    (b) the reference to “after the day on which the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 is paid or, if the final fee is refunded, after the day on which the final fee is paid again” in section 127 is to be read as “after the day on which the applicable final fee set out in item 6 of Schedule II to the former Rules is paid or, if the final fee is refunded, after the day on which the final fee set out in item 13 of Schedule 2 is paid”.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Notice of allowance considered not sent

 For greater certainty, a notice of allowance is considered not to have been sent if it was deemed not to have been sent before the coming-into-force date.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Non-application of section 89

 Section 89 does not apply in respect of an application for a patent for which the presentation date preceded the coming-into-force date.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Periods referred to in section 128

 For greater certainty, the periods prescribed by paragraph 128(a), (b) or (d) do not include any period that begins less than six months after the coming-into-force date.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Publication in Canadian Patent Office Record

 For the purposes of paragraph 130(1)(c), an application that was advertised in the Canadian Patent Office Record before the coming-into-force date is considered to have been advertised on the website of the Canadian Intellectual Property Office on the day on which it was advertised in the Canadian Patent Office Record.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Non-application of subparagraph 154(3)(a)(i)

 Subparagraph 154(3)(a)(i) does not apply in respect of an international application for which the international filing date, as defined in section 141, precedes the coming-into-force date.

The following provision is not in force.

Marginal note:Exception to section 162

 If the right of priority in respect of a previously regularly filed application, on which the request for priority in relation to a pending application is based, was restored under Rule 26bis.3 of the Regulations under the PCT before the coming-into-force date, section 162 does not apply in respect of that previously regularly filed application.

PART 4Repeal and Coming into Force

Repeal

The following provision is not in force.

 [Amendments]

Coming into Force

Marginal note:S.C. 2015, c. 36

Footnote * These Rules come into force on the day on which section 53 of the Economic Action Plan 2015 Act, No. 1 comes into force.

The following schedule is not in force.

SCHEDULE 1(Sections 1, 118 and 120)Prescribed Forms

FORM 1(Section 47 of the Patent Act)Application for Reissue

  • 1 The patentee of Patent No. blank line, granted on blank line for an invention entitledblank line, requests that a new patent be issued, in accordance with the accompanying amended description and specification, and agrees to surrender the original patent effective on the issue of a new patent.

  • 2 The name and postal address of the patentee is blank line.

  • 3 The reasons why the patent is deemed defective or inoperative are as follows: blank line.

  • 4 The error arose from inadvertence, accident or mistake, without any fraudulent or deceptive intention, in the following manner: blank line

    The following provision is not in force.

    blank line.

  • 5 The knowledge of the new facts giving rise to the application were obtained by the patentee on or about blank line

    The following provision is not in force.

    in the following manner: blank line.

FORM 2(Section 48 of the Patent Act)Disclaimer

  • 1 The patentee of Patent No.blank line, granted on blank line for an invention entitledblank line, blank line, has, by mistake, accident or inadvertence, and without any wilful intent to defraud or mislead the public,

    • (a) made the specification too broad, claiming more than that of which the patentee or the person through whom the patentee claims was the inventor; or

    • (b) in the specification, claimed that the patentee or the person through whom the patentee claims was the inventor of any material or substantial part of the invention patented of which the patentee was not the inventor and to which the patentee had no lawful right.

  • 2 The name and postal address of the patentee is blank line.

  • 3
    • (1) The patentee disclaims the entirety of claim blank line.

    • (2) The patentee disclaims the entirety of claim blank line with the exception of the subject-matter of the invention defined by the following claim: blank line.

The following schedule is not in force.

Schedule 2(Sections 3, 4, 19, 22 to 24, 44, 45, 68, 70, 73, 80, 82, 84, 86, 87, 100, 106, 109, 112, 115, 117, 119, 121, 122, 124 to 127, 129, 132, 134, 136 to 140, 147 to 151, 154, 171, 184, 187, 199, 203, 208, 212, 213 and 229)Tariff of Fees

PART 1

Fee in Respect of Extension of Time

Column 1Column 2
ItemDescriptionAmount ($)
1Fee for applying for an extension of time, in respect of each period of time referred to in the application for an extension blank line200.00

PART 2

Fees in Respect of Patent Agents

Column 1Column 2
ItemDescriptionAmount ($)
2Fee for notifying the Commissioner of the intention to sit for one or more papers of the qualifying examination, per paper blank line200.00
3Fee for applying for entry on the register of patent agents blank line350.00
4Fee for maintaining the name of a patent agent on the register of patent agents blank line350.00
5Fee for applying for reinstatement on the register of patent agents blank line200.00

PART 3

Fees in Respect of Applications for a Patent

Column 1Column 2
ItemDescriptionAmount ($)
6Application fee
  • (a) small entity fee blank line

200.00
  • (b) standard fee blank line

400.00
7Late fee under subsection 27(7) of the Act blank line150.00
8Fee for maintaining an application for a patent in effect
  • (a) for the dates of each of the second, third and fourth anniversaries of the filing date of the application,

  • (i) small entity fee blank line

50.00
100.00
  • (b) for the dates of each of the fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth anniversaries of the filing date of the application,

  • (i) small entity fee blank line

100.00
200.00
  • (c) for the dates of each of the 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th anniversaries of the filing date of the application,

  • (i) small entity fee blank line

125.00
250.00
  • (d) for the dates of each of the 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th and 19th anniversaries of the filing date of the application,

  • (i) small entity fee blank line

225.00
450.00
9Late fee under subsection 27.1(2) of the Act blank line150.00
10Fee for examination of an application for a patent
  • (a) if the application for a patent has been the subject of an international search by the Commissioner in the Commissioner’s capacity as an International Search Authority,

  • (i) small entity fee blank line

100.00
200.00
  • (b) in any other case,

  • (i) small entity fee blank line

400.00
800.00
11Late fee under subsection 35(3) of the Act blank line150.00
12Fee to advance an application for a patent out of its routine order blank line500.00
13Final fee
  • (a) the basic fee

  • (i) small entity fee blank line

150.00
300.00
  • (b) for each page of specification and drawings, other than pages of a sequence listing submitted in electronic form, in excess of 100 pages blank line

6.00
14Fee for a notice of allowance to be withdrawn and for an application for a patent to be subject to further examination blank line400.00
15Fee for reinstatement of an application demed to be abandoned, in respect of each failure to take an action referred to in the request for reinstatementblank line200.00

PART 4

Fees in Respect of International Applications

Column 1Column 2
ItemDescriptionAmount ($)
16Transmittal fee for the performance of the tasks referred to in Rule 14 of the Regulations under the PCT blank line300.00
17Search fee for the performance of the tasks referred to in Rule 16 of the Regulations under the PCT blank line1,600.00
18Additional fee for conducting a search under Article 17(3)(a) of the Patent Cooperation Treaty, in respect of each invention other than the main inventionblank line1,600.00
19Preliminary examination fee for the performance of the tasks referred to in Rule 58 of the Regulations under the PCTblank line800.00
20Additional fee for an international preliminary examination under Article 34(3)(a) of the Patent Cooperation Treaty, in respect of each invention other than the main inventionblank line800.00
21Basic national fee
  • (a) small entity fee blank line

200.00
  • (b) standard fee blank line

400.00
22Fee for reinstatement of rights blank line200.00
23Additional fee for late payment under subsection 154(4) of these Rules blank line150.00

PART 5

Fees in Respect of Patents

Column 1Column 2
ItemDescriptionAmount ($)
24Fee for requesting the correction of an error under subsection 109(1) of these Rules, for each patent referred to in the request for correctionblank line200.00
25Fee for maintaining the rights accorded by a patent in effect
  • (a) for the dates of each of the second, third and fourth anniversaries of the filing date of the application on the basis of which the patent was granted,

  • (i) small entity fee blank line

50.00
100.00
  • (b) for the dates of each of the fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth anniversaries of the filing date of that application,

  • (i) small entity fee blank line

100.00
200.00
  • (c) for the dates of each of the 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th anniversaries of the filing date of that application,

  • (i) small entity fee blank line

125.00
250.00
  • (d) for the dates of each of the 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th and 19th anniversaries of the filing date of that application,

  • (i) small entity fee blank line

225.00
450.00
26Late fee under subsection 46(2) of the Act blank line150.00
27Additional fee under subparagraph 46(5)(a)(iii) of the Act blank line200.00
28Fee for filing an application to reissue a patent blank line1,600.00
29Fee for a disclaimer blank line100.00
30Fee for re-examination of one or more claims of a patent
  • (a) small entity fee blank line

1,000.00
  • (b) standard fee blank line

2,000.00
31Fee for presenting an application under section 65 or 127 of the Act
  • (a) for the first patent or certificate of supplementary protection to which the application relates blank line

2,500.00
  • (b) for each additional patent or certificate to which the application relates blank line

250.00
32Fee to advertise an application under section 65 or 127 of the Act on the website of the Canadian Intellectual Property Office blank line200.00

PART 6

Fees in Respect of Registration of Documents or Recording of Transfers

Column 1Column 2
ItemDescriptionAmount ($)
33Fee for requesting the registration of a document relating to a patent or an application for a patent, for each patent or application for a patent to which the document relates.blank line100.00
34Fee for requesting the recording of a change of name, for each patent or application for a patent to which the change of name relates blank line100.00
35Fee for requesting that a transfer be recorded under section 49 of the Act, for each patent or application for a patent to which the transfer relates blank line100.00

PART 7

Fees in Respect of Information or Copies

Column 1Column 2
ItemDescriptionAmount ($)
36Fee for requesting a certified copy in paper form
  • (a) for each certification blank line

35.00
  • (b) for each page blank line

1.00
37Fee for requesting a certified copy in electronic form
  • (a) for each certification blank line

35.00
  • (b) for each patent or application for a patent to which the request relates blank line

10.00
38Fee for requesting a non-certified copy in paper form, for each page
  • (a) if the person requesting makes the copy using Patent Office equipment blank line

0.50
  • (b) if the Patent Office makes the copy blank line

1.00
39Fee for requesting a non-certified copy in electronic form
  • (a) for each request blank line

10.00
  • (b) for each patent or application for a patent to which the request relates blank line

10.00
  • (c) if the copy is requested on more than one physical medium, for each additional physical medium requestedblank line

10.00
40Fee for requesting that the Patent Office provide information concerning the status of a patent or an application for a patent, for each patent or application for a patent blank line15.00
The following schedule is not in force.

SCHEDULE 3(Section 208)Transitional Provisions

Column 1Column 2
ItemDescriptionAmount ($)
1Fee for maintaining in effect the rights accorded by a patent granted on the basis of a category 1 application
  • (a) for the dates of each of the second, third and fourth anniversaries of the day on which the patent was issued,

  • (i) small entity fee blank line

50.00
100.00
  • (b) for the dates of each of the fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth anniversaries of the day on which the patent was issued,

  • (i) small entity fee blank line

100.00
200.00
  • (c) for the dates of each of the 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th anniversaries of the day on which the patent was issued,

  • (i) small entity fee blank line

125.00
250.00
  • (d) for the dates of each of the 15th and 16th anniversaries of the day on which the patent was issued,

  • (i) small entity fee blank line

225.00
450.00
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