Health of Animals Regulations (C.R.C., c. 296)

Regulations are current to 2017-10-13 and last amended on 2017-05-19. Previous Versions

Prohibition of Overcrowding

  •  (1) No person shall load or cause to be loaded any animal in any railway car, motor vehicle, aircraft, vessel, crate or container if, by so loading, that railway car, motor vehicle, aircraft, vessel, crate or container is crowded to such an extent as to be likely to cause injury or undue suffering to any animal therein.

  • (2) No person shall transport or cause to be transported any animal in any railway car, motor vehicle, aircraft, vessel, crate or container that is crowded to such an extent as to be likely to cause injury or undue suffering to any animal therein.

  • SOR/82-590, s. 11;
  • SOR/97-85, s. 78.

Segregation

  •  (1) Subject to this section, no person shall load on any railway car, motor vehicle, aircraft or vessel and no carrier shall transport animals of different species or of substantially different weight or age unless those animals are segregated.

  • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a female animal and its suckling offspring.

  • (3) Every cow, sow or mare with its suckling offspring shall be segregated from all other animals during transport.

  • (4) Animals of the same species that are incompatible by nature shall be segregated during transport.

  • (5) Groups of bulls, de-tusked boars, rams and goat bucks, if mature, shall be segregated from all other animals during transport.

  • (6) Every mature boar that has not been de-tusked and every mature stallion shall be segregated from all other animals during transport.

  • (7) An equine shall, unless its hind feet are unshod, be segregated from other equines during transport.

  • (8) Every equine over 14 hands in height shall be segregated from all other animals during transport by air.

  • (9) Every mature bull shall be securely tied during transport by air.

  • (10) Every horse shall be segregated from all other animals during transport by sea.

  • SOR/80-428, s. 12.

 No person shall transport or cause to be transported animals in a railway car, motor vehicle, aircraft or vessel unless

  • (a) each animal is able to stand in its natural position without coming into contact with a deck or roof; and

  • (b) provision is made for the drainage or absorption of urine from all decks or levels.

  • SOR/95-475, s. 4;
  • SOR/97-85, s. 79.

Protection of Animals from Injury or Sickness

  •  (1) No person shall transport or cause to be transported any animal in a railway car, motor vehicle, aircraft, vessel, crate or container if injury or undue suffering is likely to be caused to the animal by reason of

    • (a) inadequate construction of the railway car, motor vehicle, aircraft, vessel, container or any part thereof;

    • (b) insecure fittings, the presence of bolt-heads, angles or other projections;

    • (c) the fittings or other parts of the railway car, motor vehicle, aircraft, vessel or container being inadequately padded, fenced off or otherwise obstructed;

    • (d) undue exposure to the weather; or

    • (e) inadequate ventilation.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), every railway car, motor vehicle, aircraft or vessel used to transport livestock shall be

    • (a) strewn with sand or fitted with safe and secure footholds for the livestock; and

    • (b) littered with straw, wood shavings or other bedding material.

  • (3) Where livestock is expected to be confined in a railway car, motor vehicle or aircraft for not more than 12 hours, the railway car, motor vehicle or aircraft need only meet the requirements of paragraph (2)(a) or (b).

  • (4) Every sea carrier who takes an equine on board a vessel for exportation out of Canada where the voyage is to be made during the period from November 1st to the following March 31st shall provide and maintain such facilities and equipment on board the vessel as will ensure that the equine does not become ill from sea-sickness due to rough seas during the voyage.

  • SOR/97-85, s. 80.

Containers

  •  (1) No person shall load or transport or cause to be loaded or transported a container used in the transportation of animals unless the container is constructed and maintained so that

    • (a) animals therein may, where required, be fed and watered without being removed therefrom;

    • (b) animals therein may be readily inspected; and

    • (c) the escape of any liquid or solid waste therefrom is prevented.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (4), no person shall load or transport or cause to be loaded or transported a container used in the transportation of animals unless the container is equipped with a sign or symbol indicating

    • (a) the presence of live animals therein; and

    • (b) the upright position of the container.

  • (3) Every container used in the transportation of animals shall be so secured to the railway car, motor vehicle, aircraft or vessel in which it is carried as to prevent it from being displaced during transportation.

  • (4) Subsection (2) does not apply to a container if all animals therein are readily visible from outside.

  • SOR/97-85, s. 81.

Protective Facilities

 Every carrier shall, at every place where animals are loaded or unloaded for food, water and rest, maintain or have access to facilities at which such animals may be fed, watered and cared for and that provide protection from extremes of weather.

Ventilation of Aircraft

 Every air carrier shall provide every aircraft cabin in which animals are transported with means of ventilation that will provide a change of air not less than once every five minutes when the aircraft is on the ground and not less than once every four minutes when the aircraft is in flight.

Ventilation of Vessel

 Every sea carrier shall provide separate ventilation for each enclosed compartment in which animals are transported and, in addition to any ventilation obtained by means of the hatchways, shall, for each such compartment, provide mechanical means of ventilation of sufficient capacity to change the air entirely once every five minutes, except in the case of a compartment on the main or superstructure deck where natural ventilation may be used.

Food and Water for Animals in Transit

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2), (3) and (7), no person shall confine in a railway car, motor vehicle, aircraft or vessel

    • (a) equines, swine or other monogastric animals for longer than 36 hours; or

    • (b) cattle, sheep, goats or other ruminants for longer than 48 hours.

  • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to ruminants that will reach their final destination in Canada where they may be fed, watered and rested without being confined longer than 52 hours.

  • (3) No person shall confine chicks of any species without food and water for longer than 72 hours from the time of hatching.

  • (4) Livestock that is unloaded from a railway car, motor vehicle, aircraft or vessel to be fed, watered and rested before the livestock is re-loaded, shall be unloaded into a pen, rested for not less than five hours, provided with an ample quantity of suitable food and potable ice-free water, and before the livestock is re-loaded, the floor of the railway car, motor vehicle, aircraft or vessel shall be littered with straw, wood shavings or other bedding material.

  • (5) A pen in which livestock is unloaded pursuant to subsection (4) shall provide

    • (a) sufficient space for all the livestock to lie down at the same time;

    • (b) properly designed racks and troughs for feeding and watering the livestock;

    • (c) well-drained and clean floors of concrete or gravel that provide safe footing;

    • (d) an adequate amount of straw or other litter to bed the livestock; and

    • (e) protection from inclement weather.

  • (6) Every sea carrier shall

    • (a) provide a sufficient amount of suitable food and water for animals carried on a vessel, having regard to the expected duration of the voyage;

    • (b) provide, in addition to the requirements of paragraph (a), two days supply of food and water for each estimated eight days of the voyage;

    • (c) store such food and water in a sanitary manner and in a place not unduly exposed to the weather; and

    • (d) provide sufficient water pipes and taps on the vessel for watering the animals.

  • (7) Subsection (1) does not apply to animals if

    • (a) the railway car, motor vehicle, aircraft or vessel is suitably equipped to feed, water and rest the animals; and

    • (b) the animals are fed, watered and rested at intervals of not more than 48 hours in the case of ruminants and not more than 36 hours in the case of monogastric animals.

  • SOR/97-85, s. 82.
 
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