Health of Animals Regulations (C.R.C., c. 296)

Regulations are current to 2016-11-21 and last amended on 2015-07-01. Previous Versions

Pullorum Disease and Fowl Typhoid

 In this section and sections 79.1 to 79.2,

approved hatchery supply flock

approved hatchery supply flock means a flock of chickens or turkeys that is

  • (a) a primary breeding flock or a flock descended from a primary breeding flock, and

  • (b) designated as an approved hatchery supply flock in accordance with any regulations in force in the province in which the flock is located; (troupeau approuvé fournisseur de couvoirs)

approved laboratory

approved laboratory means an establishment or a vehicle approved by the Minister for use in carrying out examinations of poultry, poultry products or poultry by-products; (laboratoire approuvé)

chicken

chicken means any bird of the species Gallus gallus; (poulet)

eradication area

eradication area means a pullorum disease and fowl typhoid eradication area established under section 79.1; (zone d’éradication)

fluff

fluff means the chick down and dust produced in a hatcher during the hatching process; (duvet)

game bird

game bird[Repealed, SOR/97-85, s. 56]

hatcher

hatcher means any equipment in which eggs hatch; (éclosoir)

hatchery

hatchery[Repealed, SOR/2000-184, s. 69]

health monitored hatchery

health monitored hatchery means a hatchery in respect of which a permit has been issued by the Minister

identification tag

identification tag means a tag on which letters or numbers are inscribed for the purpose of identifying a chicken, turkey or game bird; (étiquette d’identification)

primary breeding flock

primary breeding flock means a flock of chickens or turkeys comprising one or more generations of chickens or turkeys that is maintained for the purpose of establishing, continuing or improving parent lines; (troupeau primaire de reproduction)

Regional Veterinary Director

Regional Veterinary Director[Repealed, SOR/2000-184, s. 69]

registered hatchery

registered hatchery[Repealed, SOR/83-901, s. 1]

show

show means a competition or an exhibition in which chickens, turkeys or game birds are judged according to their class, breed or variety characteristics as set out in the American Standard of Perfection published by the American Poultry Association Inc.; (foire)

show flock

show flock means a flock of chickens, turkeys or game birds from which birds of the flock are occasionally or regularly exhibited in shows; (troupeau de foire)

turkey

turkey means any bird of the species Meleagris gallopavo. (dindon)

  • SOR/78-69, s. 30;
  • SOR/79-839, s. 24;
  • SOR/82-670, s. 2;
  • SOR/83-900, s. 5;
  • SOR/83-901, s. 1;
  • SOR/85-689, s. 6(E);
  • SOR/97-85, s. 56;
  • SOR/2000-184, s. 69.

 Vancouver Island, the remainder of British Columbia and each province are established as eradication areas wherein poultry, poultry products and poultry by-products may be inspected segregated and tested for pullorum disease and fowl typhoid and wherein eradication programs are instituted for pullorum disease and fowl typhoid.

  • SOR/82-670, s. 2;
  • SOR/98-415, s. 1.

 Every owner or person in charge of poultry in an eradication area shall, when requested to do so by a veterinary inspector, permit tests for communicable diseases to be conducted on the poultry, their products or by-products.

  • SOR/82-670, s. 2.
  •  (1) The Minister may declare an eradication area to be free of pullorum disease or fowl typhoid if bacteriological tests or epidemiological studies conducted in the area during the previous three years have not identified pullorum disease or fowl typhoid in any approved hatchery supply flock in the area.

  • (2) The Minister may revoke a declaration made under subsection (1) if he is satisfied that

    • (a) any person in the eradication area has contravened or failed to comply with section 79.11, 79.13, 79.14, 79.15, 79.16, 79.17, 79.18, 79.19 or 79.2; or

    • (b) pullorum disease or fowl typhoid infection has been identified in and has spread from a flock of chickens, turkeys or game birds in the eradication area to any other flock of chickens, turkeys or game birds and has not been eradicated within one year of the date that the infection was identified.

  • SOR/82-670, s. 2.

 No person shall transport or permit to be transported day old chicks or hatching eggs into an eradication area that has been declared by the Minister to be free of pullorum disease or fowl typhoid from an eradication area that has not been so declared unless the chicks or eggs are accompanied by a certificate, signed by an inspector or an individual appointed for that purpose by the province from which the chicks or eggs originate, indicating that the flock of origin has been sampled and tested serologically in accordance with subsection 79.17(1) during the previous 15 months and the tests have proven negative for pullorum disease and fowl typhoid.

  • SOR/82-670, s. 2.
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), no owner or person in charge of a chicken, turkey or game bird shall exhibit the chicken, turkey or game bird in a show unless it is

    • (a) identified by an identification tag; and

    • (b) accompanied by a certificate, signed by an inspector or an individual appointed for that purpose by the province from which the bird originates, indicating

      • (i) that serological tests have been conducted within the 12 months preceding the show on all birds in the flock of origin that were four weeks of age and older at the time the tests were conducted,

      • (ii) that the serological tests have proven negative for pullorum disease and fowl typhoid,

      • (iii) that the chicken, turkey or game bird was included in the flock of origin at the time the serological tests were conducted or was a natural increase to the flock of origin since that time,

      • (iv) the date on which the serological tests were conducted, and

      • (v) the details of the identification tag.

  • (2) Subject to subsection (3), no person in charge of a show shall permit to be shown or exhibited at the show a chicken, turkey or game bird that does not have an identification tag or is not accompanied by a certificate described in subsection (1).

  • (3) Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply in respect of a chicken, turkey or game bird that is hatched in a province where serological tests have been conducted since July 1, 1982 on all birds of the age referred to in subparagraph (1)(b)(i) of each show flock in that province and such tests have proven negative for pullorum disease and fowl typhoid.

  • SOR/82-670, s. 2.

 No person shall keep a chicken, turkey or game bird on the same premises as an approved hatchery supply flock unless the chicken, turkey or game bird has been tested serologically and found free of Salmonella pullorum and Salmonella gallinarum or has come directly from a health monitored hatchery.

  • SOR/82-670, s. 2;
  • SOR/83-901, s. 2.
  •  (1) Every owner or person in charge of an approved hatchery supply flock shall keep a record of all mortality in that flock for the life of the flock.

  • (2) Where the mortality of an approved hatchery supply flock of chickens exceeds three per cent or the mortality of an approved hatchery supply flock of turkeys exceeds five per cent for birds during the first two weeks of life, the owner or person in charge of the flock shall immediately submit to an approved laboratory a sample of dead birds from the flock and any other such birds as may be subsequently requested by the person in charge of the laboratory to be cultured for the presence of Salmonella pullorum and Salmonella gallinarum.

  • SOR/82-670, s. 2.
  •  (1) Every owner or person in charge of a primary breeding flock shall have the flock tested serologically for Salmonella pullorum and Salmonella gallinarum at intervals of not less than six months and not more than 15 months in accordance with the serological test schedule set out in Schedule VI and shall report to the Minister, in writing, the results of all such tests.

  • (2) Each chicken or turkey that is tested pursuant to subsection (1) shall be identified by an identification tag.

  • SOR/82-670, s. 2;
  • SOR/2000-184, s. 70.
 
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