Toys Regulations (SOR/2011-17)

Regulations are current to 2017-09-27 and last amended on 2016-11-25. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Celluloid or cellulose nitrate

 A toy, other than a ping-pong ball, must not be made of or impregnated with celluloid or cellulose nitrate.

Toxicological Hazards

Marginal note:Specific toxic substances

 A toy must not contain any of the following substances if they could, under reasonably foreseeable circumstances, become accessible to a child or, if they are used as a filling, could be released on breakage or leakage:

  • (a) carbon tetrachloride or any substance that contains it;

  • (b) methyl alcohol or any substance that contains more than 1% weight to volume of methyl alcohol;

  • (c) petroleum distillates or any substance that contains more than 10% weight to volume of petroleum distillates;

  • (d) benzene;

  • (e) turpentine or any substance that contains more than 10% weight to volume of turpentine;

  • (f) boric acid or salts of boric acid; or

  • (g) ethyl ether.

Marginal note:Specific substances in surface coatings

 The surface coating material that is applied to a toy must not contain any of the following substances:

  • (a) more than 90 mg/kg of total lead;

  • (b) a compound of antimony, arsenic, cadmium, selenium or barium if more than 0.1% w/w of the compound dissolves in 5% hydrochloric acid after being stirred for 10 minutes at 20°C (68°F); or

  • (c) a compound of mercury.

  • SOR/2016-195, s. 3.
Marginal note:Organic solvents — balloon-blowing kits

 A toy that a child uses to blow balloons must not contain any aromatic, aliphatic or other organic solvent if the solvent or any vapour coming from the solvent may be released directly into the mouth during or as a result of the normal use of the toy.

  • SOR/2012-71, s. 10(E).
Marginal note:General requirements

 If a toy contains a toxic substance, at least one of the following requirements must be met:

  • (a) the substance must not be capable of being ingested, inhaled or absorbed through the skin because of the nature, physical form, size or any other characteristic of the toy;

  • (b) the total quantity of the available substance must not be more than 1% of the acute oral median lethal dose or acute dermal median lethal dose, whichever is the lesser, calculated for a child that has a body weight of 10 kg (22 pounds); or

  • (c) the toxicity of the substance must not exceed the limits set out in Schedule 2.

Marginal note:Corrosive, irritant or sensitizing substances

 If a toy contains a substance that is capable of coming into contact with the skin because of the nature or characteristic of the toy, the substance must not be irritant, corrosive or sensitizing when assessed in accordance with Schedule 3.

  • SOR/2016-302, s. 3.
Marginal note:Substances in plastic materials — prohibition

 The plastic material that is contained in a toy that is likely to be used by a child of less than three years of age must not contain the following substances:

  • (a) a heavy metal or a compound of a heavy metal; or

  • (b) a substance set out in section 22 or 23.

  • SOR/2012-71, s. 11(F);
  • SOR/2016-302, s. 3.

Specific Products

Dolls, Plush Toys and Soft Toys

Marginal note:Fastenings

 A fastening that is used to attach parts, clothing or ornamentation to a doll, plush toy or soft toy must be attached in such a way that no sharp edge or point becomes exposed with reasonably foreseeable use of the toy.

Marginal note:Stuffing

 Material that is used as stuffing in a doll, plush toy or soft toy must meet all of the following requirements:

  • (a) it must be clean and free from vermin;

  • (b) it must be free of hard or sharp foreign matter;

  • (c) its toxicity must not exceed the limits set out in Schedule 2;

  • (d) it must not be irritant when assessed in accordance with Schedule 3.

  • SOR/2016-302, s. 4.
Marginal note:Small parts

 The squeaker, reed, valve or other similar device of a doll, plush toy or soft toy that can be totally enclosed in the small parts cylinder illustrated in Schedule 1, using a force of not more than 4.45 N, must be attached in such a way that it cannot come loose with reasonably foreseeable use of the toy.

  • SOR/2016-195, s. 4.
Marginal note:Eyes and noses

 An eye or a nose — other than those made entirely of felt or another soft textile material — that measures 32 mm (1¼ inches) or less in its greatest dimension and that is attached to a doll, plush toy or soft toy must meet at least one of the following requirements:

  • (a) it must not be capable of being gripped by a three-pronged claw hook as illustrated in Schedule 4; or

  • (b) it must not detach when it is tested in accordance with Schedule 4.

  • SOR/2012-71, s. 12(E).
Marginal note:Flammability of outer covering
  •  (1) The outer covering of a doll, plush toy or soft toy that is made of flat or raised fibre textile material or natural fur must, when tested in accordance with Schedule 5, have a flame spread time greater than seven seconds.

  • Marginal note:Exception — pile of less than 51 mm

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an outer covering whose exposed pile length is less than 51 mm (2 inches) and whose small size prevents the removal of material, including any seam, that is sufficient for at least one of the specimens required for the test set out in Schedule 5.

  • Marginal note:Exception — pile of 51 mm or more

    (3) Subsection (1) does not apply to an outer covering whose exposed pile length is 51 mm (2 inches) or more and whose small size prevents the removal of material, including any seam, that is sufficient for at least one of the specimens required for the test set out in Schedule 5. The outer covering must not ignite on a one-second impingement of the calibrated flame applied by the flammability tester described in section 1 of Schedule 6 or must self-extinguish within two seconds following the removal of the flame, after being subjected to all of the following procedures:

    • (a) if it is known to have a flame-retarding finish or if preliminary testing indicates that such a finish may be present, it is laundered in accordance with section 5 of Schedule 7;

    • (b) it is dried in an oven for 30 minutes at 105°C (221°F) or for 120 minutes at 75°C (167°F);

    • (c) it is removed from the oven; and

    • (d) it is placed until cool in a desiccator over a desiccant such as anhydrous calcium chloride for at least 15 minutes and not more than two hours.

  • SOR/2016-195, s. 5.
Marginal note:Flammability of yarn
  •  (1) The exposed surface of a doll, plush toy or soft toy that is made of spun staple yarn or bulked continuous filament yarn must have a flame spread time greater than seven seconds in either of the following tests:

    • (a) that carried out in accordance with Schedule 7; or

    • (b) that carried out in accordance with Schedule 5 if the short length of the yarn prevents the removal of material that is sufficient for at least one of the specimens required for the test set out in Schedule 7.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a doll, plush toy or soft toy whose size or the short length of its yarn prevents the removal of material, including any seam, that is sufficient for at least one of the specimens required for the test set out in Schedule 5.

  • SOR/2016-195, s. 6.
Marginal note:Flammability of hair or mane

 The hair or mane, or simulated hair or simulated mane, of a doll, plush toy or soft toy, that is made of material other than yarn referred to in subsection 33(1), must not ignite on a one-second impingement of the calibrated flame applied by the flammability tester described in section 1 of Schedule 6 or must self-extinguish within two seconds following the removal of the flame, after being subjected to all of the following procedures:

  • (a) if it is known to have a flame-retarding finish or if preliminary testing indicates that a flame-retarding finish may be present, it is laundered in accordance with section 5 of Schedule 7;

  • (b) it is dried in an oven for 30 minutes at 105°C (221°F) or for 120 minutes at 75°C (167°F);

  • (c) it is removed from the oven; and

  • (d) it is placed until cool in a desiccator over a desiccant such as anhydrous calcium chloride for at least 15 minutes and not more than two hours.

  • SOR/2016-195, s. 7.
 
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