PART 6Medical Care (continued)
First Aid Kit, Medicine Chest, Medical Equipment and Medical Guide (continued)
115 (1) Every vessel that is engaged on an unlimited voyage, a near coastal voyage, Class 1 or an international voyage of more than three days’ duration, other than an inland voyage, must carry a medicine chest, medical equipment and the most recent edition of the International Medical Guide for Ships, published by the World Health Organization.
(2) The medicine chest and its contents, as well as the medical equipment and the International Medical Guide for Ships must be properly maintained and inspected at regular intervals of not more than 12 months by a qualified person to ensure that medicines are properly stored and labelled with directions for their use and their expiry date, that all equipment functions as required and that all supplies and medicines have not reached or exceeded their expiry dates and are not set to expire before the next scheduled inspection date.
(3) Every medicine chest must be
(4) The employer must provide and maintain a medicine chest with supplies and medicine in accordance with the recommendations of the most recent version of the International Medical Guide for Ships, taking into consideration the particulars of the intended voyage.
116 If a hazard of skin or eye injury from a hazardous substance exists in a work place, shower facilities to wash the skin and eye wash facilities to irrigate the eyes must be provided for immediate use by employees, or if it is not practicable to do so, portable equipment must be provided.
117 Before assigning employees to a detached work place, the employer must provide them with the following for that work place:
(a) suitable means of transporting an injured employee to the vessel, a medical facility or a hospital;
(b) a person who holds a first aid certificate to accompany an injured employee and to render first aid in transit if required; and
(c) a means of communication between the detached work place and the vessel.
Posting of Information
(2) At a detached work place, the information referred to in subsection (1) must be kept inside the first aid kit referred to in section 114.
119 (1) If an injured or ill employee reports for first aid to a person in accordance with section 110 or if a person who holds a first aid certificate renders first aid to an employee, the person must
(a) enter in a first aid record the following information:
(i) the date and time of the reporting of the injury, disabling injury or illness,
(ii) the full name of the injured or ill employee,
(iii) the date, time and location of the occurrence of the injury, disabling injury or illness,
(iv) a brief description of the injury, disabling injury or illness,
(v) a brief description of the first aid rendered, if any, and
(vi) a brief description of arrangements made for the treatment or transportation of the injured or ill employee; and
(b) sign the first aid record beneath the information entered in accordance with paragraph (a).
(2) The employer must keep a first aid record for a period of two years after the day on which information is entered in it.
PART 7Hazard Prevention Program
120 The employer must, in consultation with and with the participation of the policy committee, or, if there is no policy committee, the work place committee or the health and safety representative, develop, implement and monitor a program for the prevention of hazards, including ergonomics-related hazards, in the work place that is appropriate to the size of the work place and the nature of the hazards and that includes the following components:
(a) an implementation plan;
(b) a hazard identification and assessment methodology;
(c) hazard identification and assessment;
(d) preventive measures;
(e) employee education; and
(f) a program evaluation.
(a) develop an implementation plan that specifies the time frame for each phase of the development and implementation of the prevention program;
(b) monitor the progress of the implementation of the preventive measures; and
(c) review the time frame of the implementation plan regularly and, if necessary, revise it.
(2) In implementing the prevention program, the employer must ensure, as far as practicable, that ergonomics-related hazards are identified and assessed and that they are eliminated or reduced, as required by subsection 124(1), and that any person assigned to identify and assess ergonomics-related hazards has the necessary training and instructions.
Hazard Identification and Assessment Methodology
122 (1) The employer must develop a hazard identification and assessment methodology, including an identification and assessment methodology for ergonomics-related hazards, taking into account the following documents and information:
(a) any hazardous occurrence investigation reports;
(b) first aid records and minor injury records;
(c) work place health protection programs;
(d) results of any work place inspections;
(e) any employee reports made under paragraph 126(1)(g) or (h) of the Act or under section 275;
(f) any government or employer reports, studies and tests concerning the health and safety of employees;
(g) any reports made under the Safety and Health Committees and Representatives Regulations;
(h) the record of hazardous substances; and
(i) any other relevant information, including ergonomics-related information.
(2) The hazard identification and assessment methodology must include
Hazard Identification and Assessment
123 (1) The employer must identify and assess the hazards in the work place, including ergonomics-related hazards, in accordance with the methodology developed under section 122 and taking into account
(a) the nature of the hazard;
(b) in the case of ergonomics-related hazards, all ergonomics-related factors, such as
(i) the physical demands of the work activities, the work environment, the work procedures, the organization of the work and the circumstances in which the work activities are performed, and
(ii) the characteristics of materials, goods, persons, animals, things and workspaces and the features of tools and equipment;
(c) the employees’ level of exposure to the hazard;
(d) the frequency and duration of the employees’ exposure to the hazard;
(e) the effects, real or apprehended, of the exposure on the health and safety of the employee;
(f) the preventive measures in place to address the hazard;
(g) any employee reports made under paragraphs 126(1)(g) or (h) of the Act or under section 275; and
(h) any other relevant information.
(2) The employer must assess a cargo hold in accordance with subsection (1) to determine if it is a confined space and each time there is a change in conditions that may create a hazard.
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