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Maritime Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (SOR/2010-120)

Regulations are current to 2021-09-11 and last amended on 2021-07-01. Previous Versions

PART 10Protection Equipment (continued)

Fall-protection Systems

  •  (1) The employer must provide a fall-protection system to every person, other than an employee who is installing or removing a fall-protection system, who is granted access to

    • (a) an unguarded work area that is

      • (i) more than 2.4 m above the nearest permanent safe level,

      • (ii) above any moving parts of machinery or any other surface or thing that could cause injury to a person on contact, or

      • (iii) above an open hold;

    • (b) a structure referred to in Part 2 that is more than 3 m above a permanent safe level; or

    • (c) a ladder at a height of more than 2.4 m above the nearest permanent safe level and because of the nature of the work, that person can use only one hand to hold onto the ladder.

  • (2) The components of a fall-protection system must meet the following standards:

    • (a) CSA Standard Z259.1-05, Body Belts and Saddles for Work Positioning and Travel Restraint;

    • (b) CSA Standard CAN/CSA-Z259.2.1-98 (R2008), Fall Arresters, Vertical Lifelines and Rails;

    • (c) CSA Standard CAN/CSA-Z259.2.2-98 (R2009), Self-Retracting Devices for Personal Fall-Arrest Systems;

    • (d) CSA Standard Z259.2.3-99 (R2004), Descent Control Devices;

    • (e) CSA Standard Z259.10-06, Full Body Harnesses;

    • (f) CSA Standard Z259.11-05, Energy Absorbers and Lanyards;

    • (g) CSA Standard CAN/CSA-Z259.12-01 (R2006), Connecting Components for Personal Fall Arrest Systems (PFAS);

    • (h) CSA Standard Z259.13-04 (R2009), Flexible Horizontal Lifeline Systems; and

    • (i) CSA Standard Z259.16-04 (R2009), Design of Active Fall-Protection Systems.

  • (3) The anchor of a fall-protection system must be capable of withstanding a force of 17.8 kN.

  • (4) A fall-protection system that is used to arrest the fall of a person must prevent that person

    • (a) from being subjected to a peak fall arrest force of more than 8 kN; and

    • (b) from falling freely for more than 1.2 m.

  • (5) An employer must train and instruct every employee required to install or remove a fall-protection system in a work place in the procedures to be followed for the installation or removal of the system.

Loose Clothing

 Loose clothing, long hair, dangling accessories, jewellery or other similar items that may be hazardous to the health or safety of an employee in a work place must not be worn unless they are tied, covered or otherwise secured as to prevent the hazard.

Protection Against Moving Vehicles

 If persons granted access to a work place are regularly exposed to the risk of coming into contact with moving vehicles during their work, the employer must ensure that they wear a high-visibility vest or other similar clothing that is readily visible under all conditions of use or that they are protected by a barricade that is readily visible under all conditions of use.

Protection Against Drowning

  •  (1) If, in a work place, there is a hazard of drowning, as a result of work activities, other than vessel abandonment drills, the employer must provide every person granted access to the work place with

    • (a) a life jacket or other flotation device that meets the buoyancy standards set out in

      • (i) the Canadian General Standards Board (CGSB) Standard CAN/CGSB-65.7-2007, Life Jackets; or

      • (ii) Regulation 2 of Part 1 to IMO Resolution MSC.81(70), adopted on December 11, 1998 and entitled Revised Recommendation on Testing of Life-Saving Appliances; or

    • (b) a safety net or a fall-protection system.

  • (2) If, in a work place, there is a hazard of drowning,

    • (a) emergency equipment must be provided and held in readiness;

    • (b) a qualified person to operate all the emergency equipment provided must be present and ready to intervene;

    • (c) if appropriate, a vessel must be provided and held in readiness; and

    • (d) written emergency procedures must be prepared by the employer.


  •  (1) A record of all self-contained breathing apparatus provided by the employer must be kept by the employer on the vessel on which the breathing apparatus is located for the duration of its use and must remain on the vessel on which the breathing apparatus was located for a period of two years after the day on which the apparatus ceases to be used.

  • (2) The record must contain

    • (a) a description of the breathing apparatus and the date of its acquisition by the employer;

    • (b) the date and result of each inspection and test of the breathing apparatus;

    • (c) the date and nature of any maintenance work performed on the breathing apparatus since its acquisition by the employer; and

    • (d) the name of the person who performed the inspection, test or maintenance of the breathing apparatus.

Training and Instruction

  •  (1) An employer must instruct every person granted access to a work place who is to use protection equipment in the use of the equipment.

  • (2) An employer must train and instruct every employee who uses protection equipment in the use, operation and maintenance of the equipment.

  • (3) The instruction referred to in subsections (1) and (2) must be

    • (a) set out in writing; and

    • (b) kept by the employer and made readily available for examination by every person granted access to the work place.

Defective Protection Equipment

  •  (1) If an employee finds any defect in protection equipment that may render it unsafe for use, they must report the defect to their employer as soon as feasible.

  • (2) An employer must mark or tag as unsafe and remove from service any protection equipment used by employees that has a defect that may render it unsafe for use.

PART 11Lighting


 In this Part, VDT means a visual display terminal.


  •  (1) This Part does not apply in respect of

    • (a) a vessel of less than 500 gross tonnage;

    • (b) the bridge of a vessel; and

    • (c) the exterior deck of a vessel where lighting levels may create a hazard to navigation.

  • (2) Subject to any special arrangements that may be permitted in passenger vessels by the Marine Technical Review Board established under subsection 26(1) of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001, sleeping quarters and mess rooms must be illuminated by natural light and provided with adequate artificial light.

  • (3) Emergency lighting must, in the event of the failure of the main electric lighting, provide sufficient illumination to allow the crew to safely exit from confined spaces and proceed through passageways and stairways to the open deck.

  • (4) The lighting levels must meet one of the following standards:

    • (a) ANSI/IES RP-7-01, Lighting Industrial Facilities; or

    • (b) the standard entitled The IESNA Lighting Handbook: Reference and Application, 9th Edition published by the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA).

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