Maritime Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (SOR/2010-120)

Regulations are current to 2019-06-20 and last amended on 2018-06-25. Previous Versions

PART 3Crew Accommodation (continued)

Sleeping Quarters (continued)

Berths (continued)

  •  (1) No more than one berth is to be placed over another.

  • (2) A berth must not be placed over another if a sidelight is located above a berth that is placed along the ship’s side.

  • (3) If one berth is placed over another,

    • (a) the lower berth must be at least 30 cm above the floor;

    • (b) the upper berth must be placed approximately midway between the bottom of the lower berth and the lower side of the deckhead beams; and

    • (c) a dust-proof bottom must be fitted beneath the bottom mattress or spring bottom of the upper berth.

  •  (1) Each berth must be fitted with a mattress with a cushioning bottom or a combined cushioning mattress that includes a spring bottom or a spring mattress.

  • (2) The employer must provide a set of clean bedding to be used on board a vessel during the employee’s service.

  • (3) The bedding set must, at a minimum, consist of the following items of appropriate size for the berth:

    • (a) one pillow;

    • (b) one pillow case;

    • (c) two flat bedsheets; and

    • (d) one blanket.

  • (4) The employee must return the bedding set on completion of service on board a vessel.

 In sleeping quarters, an electric reading lamp must be installed at the head of each berth.


 Sleeping quarters must be equipped with

  • (a) a table or desk, which may be of the fixed, drop-leaf or slide-out type;

  • (b) comfortable seating accommodation;

  • (c) a mirror, small cabinets for toiletries, a book rack and one coat hook per occupant; and

  • (d) curtains or an equivalent covering for the portholes.

  •  (1) Each occupant must be provided with a clothes locker with a capacity of at least 475 l and a drawer or equivalent space with a capacity of at least 56 l, unless the drawer is incorporated into the clothes locker, in which case the combined minimum volume must be 500 l.

  • (2) The clothes locker must be fitted with a shelf and be capable of being locked.

 The furniture must be constructed of a smooth, hard material that is not prone to warping or corrosion.

Galleys and Dining Areas

  •  (1) When an employee is required to eat on board a vessel there must be, as far as practicable, a galley or dining area equipped with, at a minimum, the following items:

    • (a) a hot plate or a range;

    • (b) a microwave oven;

    • (c) a toaster;

    • (d) a refrigerator or a cooler;

    • (e) dish washing facilities; and

    • (f) pots, pans, strainers, dishes and utensils, in sufficient number to accommodate the greatest number of employees likely to use them at any one time.

  • (2) Every dining area provided by the employer must be

    • (a) of sufficient size to allow individual seating and table space for each employee using the area;

    • (b) provided with non-combustible covered receptacles for the disposal of food waste or garbage; and

    • (c) separated from any place where a hazardous substance may contaminate food, dishes or utensils.

Mess Rooms

 Mess rooms must be located as close as practicable to the galley and as far as practicable from the sleeping quarters and any place where a hazardous substance may contaminate food, dishes or utensils.

 On vessels, other than passenger vessels, the floor area of mess rooms for employees must not be less than 1.5 m2 per person of the planned seating capacity.

  •  (1) In all vessels, mess rooms must be equipped with tables and seats sufficient to accommodate the number of employees likely to use them at any one time.

  • (2) The tops of tables and seats must be made of a moisture-resistant material.

 The following things must be available at all times in mess rooms when employees are on board a vessel:

  • (a) a conveniently located refrigerator of a capacity sufficient for the number of employees using the mess room;

  • (b) facilities for hot beverages and cool water;

  • (c) non-combustible covered receptacles for the disposal of food waste or garbage; and

  • (d) adequate lockers for mess utensils and suitable facilities for washing utensils, if pantries are not accessible from mess rooms.

Sanitary Facilities

 All employees, on vessels normally engaged on voyages of more than four hours’ duration, must have convenient access to sanitary facilities.

  •  (1) As far as practicable, separate sanitary facilities must be provided for men and women.

  • (2) If separate sanitary facilities are provided, each sanitary facility must be equipped with a door that is self-closing and clearly marked to indicate the sex of the employees for whom the facility is provided.

  • (3) If male and female employees use the same sanitary facilities, the doors to the facilities must be fitted with an inside locking device.

 Sanitary facilities for vessels engaged in voyages of more than four hours must be equipped with

  • (a) a minimum of one toilet, one wash basin and one tub or shower, provided at a convenient location for every group of not more than six persons who do not have a personal toilet, wash basin and tub or shower;

  • (b) fresh water running from taps that are clearly marked to indicate whether the water supply is hot or cold;

  • (c) wash basins made of vitreous china, vitreous enamelled iron or other material having a smooth and impervious surface that is not likely to crack, flake or corrode; and

  • (d) toilets that have

    • (i) a bowl of vitreous china or other suitable material,

    • (ii) a hinged seat,

    • (iii) a trap constructed in a manner that facilitates cleaning,

    • (iv) an adequate flush of water, and

    • (v) a soil pipe of adequate size that is constructed in a manner that facilitates cleaning and minimizes the risk of obstruction.

 Sanitary facilities must be located

  • (a) not more than one deck above or below each work place;

  • (b) close to the sleeping quarters of the employee for whom the sanitary facility is provided; and

  • (c) as far as practicable, within easy access of the navigating bridge and the machinery space or the engine room control centre.

 A sanitary facility must meet the following requirements:

  • (a) it must be completely enclosed by bulkheads that are non-transparent from the outside;

  • (b) it must not be directly accessible from a dining area or galley or sleeping quarters, unless it is a part of that sleeping quarters’ private accommodation;

  • (c) if practicable, it must be directly accessible from a passageway; and

  • (d) if it contains more than one water closet, each water closet must be enclosed in a separate compartment fitted with a door and an inside locking device.


 If an employee is required to live on board a vessel, the employer must provide a laundry facility or other arrangement so that laundry can be done on a regular basis.

Open Deck

 If employees are required to live on board a vessel, they must be given access to a specified open deck when they are off-duty.

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