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Maritime Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (SOR/2010-120)

Regulations are current to 2021-02-15 and last amended on 2021-01-01. Previous Versions

PART 3Crew Accommodation (continued)

Sleeping Quarters (continued)

Berths (continued)

 The minimum inner dimensions of a berth must be 198 cm by 80 cm.

  •  (1) The framework and the lee-board, if any, of a berth must be constructed from material that is hard, smooth and impervious to moisture and not likely to corrode or to harbour vermin.

  • (2) If tubular frames are used for the construction of berths, the tubes must be completely sealed and without perforations.

  • SOR/2019-246, s. 234(F)
  •  (1) No more than one berth is to be placed over another.

  • (2) A berth must not be placed over another if a sidelight is located above a berth that is placed along the ship’s side.

  • (3) If one berth is placed over another,

    • (a) the lower berth must be at least 30 cm above the floor;

    • (b) the upper berth must be placed approximately midway between the bottom of the lower berth and the lower side of the deckhead beams; and

    • (c) a dust-proof bottom must be fitted beneath the bottom mattress or spring bottom of the upper berth.

  •  (1) Each berth must be fitted with a mattress with a cushioning bottom or a combined cushioning mattress that includes a spring bottom or a spring mattress.

  • (2) The employer must provide a set of clean bedding to be used on board a vessel during the employee’s service.

  • (3) The bedding set must, at a minimum, consist of the following items of appropriate size for the berth:

    • (a) one pillow;

    • (b) one pillow case;

    • (c) two flat bedsheets; and

    • (d) one blanket.

  • (4) The employee must return the bedding set on completion of service on board a vessel.

 In sleeping quarters, an electric reading lamp must be installed at the head of each berth.


 Sleeping quarters must be equipped with

  • (a) a table or desk, which may be of the fixed, drop-leaf or slide-out type;

  • (b) comfortable seating accommodation;

  • (c) a mirror, small cabinets for toiletries, a book rack and one coat hook per occupant; and

  • (d) curtains or an equivalent covering for the portholes.

  • SOR/2019-246, s. 235(F)
  •  (1) Each occupant must be provided with a clothes locker with a capacity of at least 475 l and a drawer or equivalent space with a capacity of at least 56 l, unless the drawer is incorporated into the clothes locker, in which case the combined minimum volume must be 500 l.

  • (2) The clothes locker must be fitted with a shelf and be capable of being locked.

 The furniture must be constructed of a smooth, hard material that is not likely to warp or corrode.

  • SOR/2019-246, s. 236(E)

Galleys and Dining Areas

  •  (1) If an employee is required to eat on board a vessel there must be, if feasible, a galley or dining area that is equipped with, at a minimum, the following items:

    • (a) a hot plate or a range;

    • (b) a microwave oven;

    • (c) a toaster;

    • (d) a refrigerator or a cooler;

    • (e) dish washing facilities; and

    • f) pots, pans, strainers, dishes and utensils, in sufficient number to accommodate the greatest number of employees that could use them at any one time.

  • (2) Every dining area provided by the employer must be

    • (a) of sufficient size to allow individual seating and table space for each employee using the area;

    • (b) provided with non-combustible covered receptacles for the disposal of food waste or garbage; and

    • (c) separated from any place where a hazardous substance may contaminate food, dishes or utensils.

  • SOR/2019-246, s. 237

Mess Rooms

 Mess rooms must be located as close as possible to the galley and as far as possible from the sleeping quarters and any place if a hazardous substance may contaminate food, dishes or utensils.

  • SOR/2019-246, s. 238

 On vessels, other than passenger vessels, the floor area of mess rooms for employees must not be less than 1.5 m2 per person of the planned seating capacity.

  •  (1) In all vessels, mess rooms must be equipped with tables and seats sufficient to accommodate the number of employees that could use them at any one time.

  • (2) The tops of tables and seats must be made of a moisture-resistant material.

  • SOR/2019-246, s. 239

 The following things must be available at all times in mess rooms when employees are on board a vessel:

  • (a) a conveniently located refrigerator of a capacity sufficient for the number of employees using the mess room;

  • (b) facilities for hot beverages and cool water;

  • (c) non-combustible covered receptacles for the disposal of food waste or garbage; and

  • (d) adequate lockers for mess utensils and suitable facilities for washing utensils, if pantries are not directly accessible from mess rooms.

  • SOR/2019-246, s. 240(E)

Sanitary Facilities

 All employees on vessels normally engaged on voyages of more than four hours’ duration must have access to sanitary facilities.

  • SOR/2019-246, s. 241(E)
  •  (1) If feasible, separate sanitary facilities must be provided for men and women.

  • (2) If separate sanitary facilities are provided, each sanitary facility must be equipped with a door that is self-closing and clearly marked to indicate the sex of the employees for whom the facility is provided.

  • (3) If male and female employees use the same sanitary facilities, the doors to the facilities must be fitted with an inside locking device.

  • SOR/2019-246, s. 242(E)

 Sanitary facilities for vessels engaged in voyages of more than four hours must be equipped with

  • (a) a minimum of one toilet, one wash basin and one tub or shower, provided at a convenient location for every group of not more than six persons who do not have a personal toilet, wash basin and tub or shower;

  • (b) taps that provide fresh water are clearly marked to indicate whether the water supply is hot or cold;

  • (c) wash basins made of vitreous china, vitreous enamelled iron or other material having a smooth and impervious surface that is not likely to crack, flake or corrode; and

  • (d) toilets that have

    • (i) a bowl of vitreous china or other suitable material,

    • (ii) a hinged seat,

    • (iii) a trap constructed in a manner that facilitates cleaning,

    • (iv) an adequate flush of water, and

    • (v) a soil pipe of adequate size that is constructed in a manner that facilitates cleaning and minimizes the risk of obstruction.

  • SOR/2019-246, s. 243

 Sanitary facilities must be located

  • (a) not more than one deck above or below each work place;

  • (b) close to the sleeping quarters of the employee for whom the sanitary facility is provided; and

  • (c) if feasible, within easy access of the navigating bridge and the machinery space or the engine room control centre.

  • SOR/2019-246, s. 244
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