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Heavy-duty Vehicle and Engine Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations (SOR/2013-24)

Regulations are current to 2020-10-05 and last amended on 2018-11-16. Previous Versions

Heavy-duty Vehicle and Engine Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations

SOR/2013-24

CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT, 1999

Registration 2013-02-22

Heavy-duty Vehicle and Engine Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations

P.C. 2013-160 2013-02-22

Whereas, pursuant to subsection 332(1)Footnote a of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999Footnote b, the Minister of the Environment published in the Canada Gazette, Part I, on April 14, 2012, a copy of the proposed Heavy-duty Vehicle and Engine Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations, substantially in the annexed form, and persons were given an opportunity to file comments with respect to the Regulations or to file a notice of objection requesting that a board of review be established and stating the reasons for the objection;

Therefore, His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of the Environment, pursuant to sections 160 and 162 of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999Footnote b, makes the annexed Heavy-duty Vehicle and Engine Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations.

Interpretation

Marginal note:Definitions

  •  (1) The following definitions apply in these Regulations.

    Act

    Act means the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999. (Loi)

    adjusted loaded vehicle weight

    adjusted loaded vehicle weight means the numerical average of the curb weight and the GVWR, and in the case of vehicles referred to in subsection 26(6) with an adjusted loaded vehicle weight of more than 6 350 kg (14,000 pounds), the value corresponding to the nearest 225 kg (500 pounds) increment. (poids ajusté du véhicule chargé)

    aftertreatment device

    aftertreatment device means a catalytic converter, particulate filter or any other system or component mounted downstream of the exhaust valve or exhaust port that is designed to decrease engine exhaust emissions before they are released into the environment. (dispositif de traitement postcombustion)

    A to B testing

    A to B testing means testing performed in pairs to allow comparison of a vehicle A to a vehicle B, an engine A to an engine B or equipment A to equipment B, as the case may be. (essais A à B)

    automatic tire inflation system

    automatic tire inflation system means a pneumatically or electronically activated system that is installed on a vehicle or a trailer to maintain tire pressure at a specified value. (dispositif automatique de gonflage des pneus)

    auxiliary emission control device

    auxiliary emission control device means any element of design that senses temperature, vehicle speed, engine RPM, transmission gear, manifold vacuum, or any other parameter for the purpose of activating, modulating, delaying or deactivating the operation of any part of an emission control system. (dispositif antipollution auxiliaire)

    averaging set

    averaging set means, for the purpose of a company’s participation in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47 or sections 47.1 to 47.5, as the case may be, any of the following groups of fleets of vehicles, engines or trailers:

    • (a) Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles and cab-complete vehicles, excluding those that are vocational vehicles or incomplete vocational vehicles;

    • (b) vocational vehicles that are light heavy-duty vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles that are to become light heavy-duty vehicles;

    • (c) medium heavy-duty vehicles and heavy-duty incomplete vehicles that are to become medium heavy-duty vehicles, other than those that are of a type referred to in the table to subsection 26(1.2) and in respect of which the company has made the election referred to in that subsection;

    • (d) heavy heavy-duty vehicles and heavy-duty incomplete vehicles that are to become heavy heavy-duty vehicles, other than those that are of a type referred to in the table to subsection 26(1.2) and in respect of which the company has made the election referred to in that subsection;

    • (d.1) vocational vehicles that are all of the same type referred to in the table to subsection 26(1.2) and in respect of which the company has made the election referred to in that subsection;

    • (e) light heavy-duty engines and medium heavy-duty engines that are spark-ignition engines;

    • (f) light heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines;

    • (g) medium heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines;

    • (h) heavy heavy-duty engines;

    • (i) full-aero box van trailers that are short dry box van trailers and full-aero box van trailers that are short refrigerated box van trailers; or

    • (j) full-aero box van trailers that are long dry box van trailers and full-aero box van trailers that are long refrigerated box van trailers. (groupe de calcul de points)

    basic vehicle frontal area

    basic vehicle frontal area means the area enclosed by the geometric projection of the basic vehicle — including tires but not mirrors or air deflectors — along the longitudinal axis of the vehicle onto a plane perpendicular to that axis. (surface frontale du véhicule de base)

    box van trailer

    box van trailer means a trailer — other than a tank trailer that is designed to transport liquids or gases — that has an enclosed cargo space that is permanently attached to the trailer chassis, has fixed sides and a fixed nose and roof. (remorque fourgon)

    brake horsepower

    brake horsepower or BHP means a unit of brake power that is equal to 745.7 watts, expressed in horsepower. (BHP)

    bus

    bus means a vocational vehicle that is designed to carry more than 15 passengers. (autobus)

    cab-complete vehicle

    cab-complete vehicle means a heavy-duty incomplete vehicle with either a completed occupant compartment that requires only the addition of a cargo-carrying surface, work-performing equipment or load-bearing component to perform its intended functions or with the back of the cab cut out for the intended installation of a structure that permits access from the driver’s area to the back of the vehicle. (véhicule à cabine complète)

    calibration

    calibration means the set of specifications and tolerances specific to a particular design, version or application of a component or assembly that describes its operation over its working range. (calibrages)

    CFR

    CFR means the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States, as amended from time to time. (CFR)

    CH4

    CH4 means methane. (CH4)

    Class 2B

    Class 2B means a class of heavy-duty vehicle that has a GVWR of more than 3 856 kg (8,500 pounds) but not more than 4 536 kg (10,000 pounds). (classe 2B)

    Class 3

    Class 3 means a class of heavy-duty vehicle that has a GVWR of more than 4 536 kg (10,000 pounds) but not more than 6 350 kg (14,000 pounds). (classe 3)

    Class 4

    Class 4 means a class of heavy-duty vehicle that has a GVWR of more than 6 350 kg (14,000 pounds) but not more than 7 257 kg (16,000 pounds). (classe 4)

    Class 5

    Class 5 means a class of heavy-duty vehicle that has a GVWR of more than 7 257 kg (16,000 pounds) but not more than 8 845 kg (19,500 pounds). (classe 5)

    Class 6

    Class 6 means a class of heavy-duty vehicle that has a GVWR of more than 8 845 kg (19,500 pounds) but not more than 11 793 kg (26,000 pounds). (classe 6)

    Class 7

    Class 7 means a class of heavy-duty vehicle that has a GVWR of more than 11 793 kg (26,000 pounds) but not more than 14 969 kg (33,000 pounds). (classe 7)

    Class 8

    Class 8 means a class of heavy-duty vehicle that has a GVWR of more than 14 969 kg (33,000 pounds). (classe 8)

    coach bus

    coach bus means a bus that is designed for intercity passenger transport and that is not equipped with features to accommodate standing passengers. (autocar)

    compression-ignition engine

    compression-ignition engine means an engine that operates as a reciprocating internal combustion engine, but does not include an engine that operates under characteristics significantly similar to the theoretical Otto combustion cycle or an engine that uses a spark plug or other sparking device. (moteur à allumage par compression)

    concrete mixer

    concrete mixer means a vocational vehicle that is designed to mix and transport concrete in a revolving drum that is permanently mounted. (bétonnière)

    CO2

    CO2 means carbon dioxide. (CO2)

    CO2 family certification level

    CO2 family certification level, in respect of a company’s heavy-duty engines, means the maximum CO2 emission level determined by the company for a fleet, which is greater than or equal to the maximum CO2 deteriorated emission level value calculated in accordance with subsection 32(1) for the engines that are included in the fleet. (niveau de certification de la famille applicable au CO2)

    curb weight

    curb weight means the actual or manufacturer’s estimated weight of a heavy-duty vehicle in operational status with all standard equipment and includes the weight of fuel at nominal tank capacity and the weight of optional equipment. (masse en état de marche)

    day cab

    day cab means a tractor cab that is not a sleeper cab. (cabine de jour)

    deteriorated emission level

    deteriorated emission level means the emission level that results from applying the applicable deterioration factor to the emission test results for a vehicle or engine. (niveau d’émissions détérioré)

    deterioration factor

    deterioration factor means the factor used to account for the variation, if any, between the maximum emission level during the useful life of a vehicle or engine and the undeteriorated emission level measured at the point corresponding to a maximum of 6 437 km (4,000 miles) of operation in relation to a vehicle that has stabilized emissions and to a maximum of 125 hours of operation in relation to an engine that has stabilized emissions, determined in accordance with

    • (a) sections 1819(d)(5) and 1823(m) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart S, of the CFR, in the case of Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles and cab-complete vehicles, excluding those that are vocational vehicles or incomplete vocational vehicles;

    • (b) section 241(c) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart C, of the CFR, in the case of vocational vehicles, incomplete vocational vehicles, tractors and incomplete tractors; and

    • (c) section 150(g) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1036, subpart B, of the CFR, and section 241(c) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1036, subpart C, of the CFR, in the case of heavy-duty engines. (facteur de détérioration)

    dry box van trailer

    dry box van trailer means a box van trailer other than a refrigerated box van trailer. (remorque fourgon non frigorifique)

    electric vehicle

    electric vehicle means a heavy-duty vehicle that is not equipped with an internal combustion engine and is powered solely by an external source of electricity or solar power or a combination of both electricity and solar power. (véhicule électrique)

    element of design

    element of design means, in respect of a vehicle, engine or trailer,

    • (a) any control system, including computer software, electronic control systems and computer logic;

    • (b) any control system calibrations;

    • (c) the results of systems interaction; or

    • (d) any hardware items. (élément de conception)

    emergency vehicle

    emergency vehicle means a vocational vehicle that is designed for use as an ambulance or fire truck. (véhicule d’urgence)

    emission control system

    emission control system means any emission control device, auxiliary emission control device, engine modification and strategy, and other element of design used to reduce exhaust emissions from a vehicle or engine. (système antipollution)

    engine configuration

    engine configuration means a unique combination of heavy-duty engine hardware and calibration that has an effect on measured emissions within an engine family. (configuration de moteur)

    engine family

    engine family, in respect of a company’s heavy-duty engines other than those referred to in section 25, means

    • (a) if they are covered by an EPA certificate, the grouping for which the EPA certificate was issued; or

    • (b) if they are not covered by an EPA certificate, the grouping determined in accordance with section 230 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1036, subpart C, of the CFR. (famille de moteurs)

    EPA

    EPA means the United States Environmental Protection Agency. (EPA)

    EPA certificate

    EPA certificate means a certificate of conformity with U.S. federal standards issued by the EPA. (certificat de l’EPA)

    family emission limit

    family emission limit means

    • (a) in the case of CO2 emissions,

      • (i) in respect of a company’s vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles, the maximum CO2 emission level determined by the company for a fleet or subfleet, which is greater than or equal to the maximum CO2 emission rate determined in accordance with subsection 26(2) for the vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles that are included in the fleet or subfleet,

      • (ii) in respect of a company’s tractors and incomplete tractors, the maximum CO2 emission level determined by the company for a fleet or subfleet, which is greater than or equal to the maximum CO2 emission rate determined in accordance with subsection 27(2) for the tractors and incomplete tractors that are included in the fleet or subfleet, and

      • (iii) in respect of a company’s full-aero box van trailers, the maximum CO2 emission level determined by the company for a subfleet, which is greater than or equal to the maximum CO2 emission rate determined in accordance with subsection 33.1(3) for the trailers that are included in the subfleet; and

    • (b) in the case of N2O or CH4 emissions,

      • (i) in respect of a company’s Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles and cab-complete vehicles — excluding those that are vocational vehicles or incomplete vocational vehicles — the maximum N2O or CH4 emission level determined by the company for a fleet or subfleet, which is greater than or equal to the maximum N2O or CH4 emission value determined in accordance with section 24 for the vehicles or vehicle configurations that are included in the fleet or subfleet, and

      • (ii) in respect of a company’s heavy-duty engines, the maximum N2O or CH4 emission level determined by the company for a fleet, which is greater than or equal to the maximum N2O or CH4 deteriorated emission level value calculated using the applicable emission value determined in accordance with subsection 29(2) for the engine configurations that are included in the fleet. (limite d’émissions de la famille)

    FTP-based city test

    FTP-based city test means the Federal Test Procedure set out in section 127 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart B, of the CFR, to comply with the FTP emission standards. (essai en ville)

    full-aero

    full-aero, in respect of a box van trailer, means that the trailer does not have any of the following features:

    • (a) a belly box that occupies at least half of the length of both sides of the trailer between the centreline of the landing gear when it is extended and the leading edge of the front wheels;

    • (b) a drop deck;

    • (c) a side-mounted, pull-out platform;

    • (d) one or more steps for side-door access;

    • (e) a side lift gate;

    • (f) a rear hinged loading ramp;

    • (g) a rear mount for a forklift;

    • (h) a rear lift gate or, for the 2023 model year or an earlier model year, a roll-up rear door. (totalement aérodynamique)

    GAWR

    GAWR means the gross axle weight rating that is specified by a manufacturer as the load-carrying capacity of a single axle system, as measured at the tire-ground interface. (PNBE)

    GCWR

    GCWR means the gross combination weight rating that is specified by a manufacturer as the maximum design loaded weight of a vehicle and trailer. (PNBC)

    GEM computer simulation model

    GEM computer simulation model means the EPA’s GEM computer simulation model referred to in section 520 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart F, of the CFR. (modèle de simulation informatique GEM)

    GVWR

    GVWR means the gross vehicle weight rating that is specified by a manufacturer as the maximum design loaded weight of a vehicle. (PNBV)

    heavy-duty completed vehicle

    heavy-duty completed vehicle[Repealed, SOR/2018-98, s. 1]

    heavy-duty engine

    heavy-duty engine means an engine that is designed to be used for motive power in a vocational vehicle or a tractor. (moteur de véhicule lourd)

    heavy-duty incomplete vehicle

    heavy-duty incomplete vehicle means a heavy-duty vehicle that consists of, at a minimum, a chassis structure, a powertrain and wheels in the state in which all of those components are to be part of the vehicle, but that requires further manufacturing operations to be completed. (véhicule lourd incomplet)

    heavy-duty vehicle

    heavy-duty vehicle means an on-road vehicle that has a GVWR of more than 3 856 kg (8,500 pounds), a curb weight of more than 2 722 kg (6,000 pounds) or a basic vehicle frontal area in excess of 4.2 m2 (45 square feet), but does not include a medium-duty passenger vehicle as defined in subsection 1(1) of the On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations or a vehicle regulated under the Passenger Automobile and Light Truck Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations. (véhicule lourd)

    heavy-haul tractor

    heavy-haul tractor means a tractor of the 2021 model year or a subsequent model year that has a GCWR of 63 503 kg (140,000 pounds) or more. (tracteur routier à chargement lourd)

    heavy heavy-duty engine

    heavy heavy-duty engine means a heavy-duty engine that has cylinder liners designed for multiple rebuilds and is designed to be used in Class 8 heavy-duty vehicles. (gros moteur de véhicule lourd)

    heavy heavy-duty vehicle

    heavy heavy-duty vehicle means

    • (a) for the 2020 model year and earlier model years, a Class 8 heavy-duty vehicle; and

    • (b) for the 2021 model year and subsequent model years,

      • (i) a Class 6, Class 7 or Class 8 vocational vehicle that is equipped with a heavy heavy-duty engine, or

      • (ii) a Class 8 tractor. (gros véhicule lourd)

    HFET-based highway test

    HFET-based highway test means the Highway Fuel Economy Test Procedure referred to in subpart B of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter Q, part 600, of the CFR. (essai sur route)

    high-roof

    high-roof, in relation to a tractor, means having a roof height of 376 cm (148 inches) or more. (toit élevé)

    hybrid engine

    hybrid engine or hybrid powertrain means an engine or a powertrain that is equipped with energy storage features — other than a conventional battery system or conventional flywheel — such as supplemental electric batteries and hydraulic accumulators. (moteur hybride ou groupe motopropulseur hybride)

    hybrid vehicle

    hybrid vehicle means a heavy-duty vehicle that is equipped with energy storage features — other than a conventional battery system or conventional flywheel — such as supplemental electric batteries and hydraulic accumulators, in addition to an internal combustion engine or other engine that uses fuel. (véhicule hybride)

    incomplete tractor

    incomplete tractor means a heavy-duty incomplete vehicle that is designed to become a tractor on completion of manufacturing operations. (tracteur routier incomplet)

    incomplete vocational vehicle

    incomplete vocational vehicle means a heavy-duty incomplete vehicle that is designed to become a vocational vehicle on completion of manufacturing operations. (véhicule spécialisé incomplet)

    innovative technology

    innovative technology means a greenhouse gas emission reduction technology for which the total emission reduction attributable to it cannot be measured by either GEM computer simulation modelling or the test procedures specified under these Regulations. (technologie innovatrice)

    light heavy-duty engine

    light heavy-duty engine means a heavy-duty engine that is designed to be used in Class 2B, Class 3, Class 4 or Class 5 heavy-duty vehicles. (petit moteur de véhicule lourd)

    light heavy-duty vehicle

    light heavy-duty vehicle means a Class 2B, Class 3, Class 4 or Class 5 heavy-duty vehicle. (petit véhicule lourd)

    long

    long, in respect of a trailer, means more than 15.24 metres (50 feet) in length. (longue)

    low-roof

    low-roof, in relation to a tractor, means having a roof height of 305 cm (120 inches) or less. (toit bas)

    medium heavy-duty engine

    medium heavy-duty engine means a heavy-duty engine that is designed to be used in Class 6 and Class 7 heavy-duty vehicles. (moteur moyen de véhicule lourd)

    medium heavy-duty vehicle

    medium heavy-duty vehicle means

    • (a) for the 2020 model year and earlier model years, a Class 6 or Class 7 heavy-duty vehicle; and

    • (b) for the 2021 model year and subsequent model years,

      • (i) a Class 6, Class 7 or Class 8 vocational vehicle that is equipped with an engine other than a heavy heavy-duty engine, or

      • (ii) a Class 7 tractor. (véhicule mi-lourd)

    mid-roof

    mid-roof, in relation to a tractor, means having a roof height of more than 305 cm (120 inches) but less than 376 cm (148 inches). (toit moyen)

    mixed-use vocational vehicle

    mixed-use vocational vehicle means a vocational vehicle that

    • (a) is designed to operate at low speeds that are unsuitable for normal highway operation, has affixed components that are designed to operate in an off-road environment or has both of those characteristics; or

    • (b) has one or more of the following characteristics:

      • (i) it has an axle that has a GAWR of 13 154 kg (29,000 pounds) or more,

      • (ii) it cannot attain a speed of more than 53 km/h (33 miles per hour) over 3.2 km (2 miles),

      • (iii) it cannot attain a speed of more than 72 km/h (45 miles per hour) over 3.2 km (2 miles), it has an unloaded vehicle weight that is not less than 95% of its GVWR and it cannot carry occupants other than the driver and operating crew,

      • (iv) it cannot attain a speed of more than 87 km/h (54 miles per hour)

        • (A) due to parameters that are not adjustable parameters as defined in subsection 15(1), or

        • (B) without the engine with which it is equipped being at 95% or more of its maximum test speed in the highest available gear ratio. (véhicule spécialisé à usages divers)

    model year

    model year means the year, determined in accordance with section 4, that is used by a manufacturer to designate a model of vehicle, engine or trailer. (année de modèle)

    motor home

    motor home means a vocational vehicle that is designed to provide temporary residential accommodations and that is equipped with at least four of the following features:

    • (a) a cooking appliance;

    • (b) a refrigerator;

    • (c) a self-contained toilet;

    • (d) a heating or air-conditioning system;

    • (e) a potable water supply system, including a faucet and a sink;

    • (f) a 110-125 volt alternating current (VAC) electrical supply system or propane supply system. (autocaravane)

    multi-purpose vocational vehicle

    multi-purpose vocational vehicle means a vocational vehicle that is neither a regional vocational vehicle nor an urban vocational vehicle. (véhicule spécialisé à usages multiples)

    nominal tank capacity

    nominal tank capacity means the fuel tank’s volume that is specified by a manufacturer to the nearest three eighths of a litre (one tenth of a U.S. gallon). (capacité nominale du réservoir à carburant)

    non-aero box van trailer

    non-aero box van trailer means

    • (a) a box van trailer that is at least 10.67 metres (35 feet) in length and that has

      • (i) at least one of the following rear features:

        • (A) a hinged loading ramp,

        • (B) a lift gate,

        • (C) a mount for a forklift,

        • (D) for the 2023 model year or an earlier model year, a roll-up door, and

      • (ii) at least one of the following side features:

        • (A) a belly box that occupies at least half of the length of both sides of the trailer between the centreline of the landing gear when it is extended and the leading edge of the front wheels,

        • (B) a drop deck,

        • (C) a mounted, pull-out platform,

        • (D) one or more steps for side-door access,

        • (E) a lift gate; or

    • (b) a short refrigerated box van trailer that is less than 10.67 metres (35 feet) in length and has at least one of the side features listed in clauses (a)(ii)(A) to (E). (remorque fourgon non aérodynamique)

    non-box trailer

    non-box trailer means a tank trailer that is designed to transport liquids or gases, a trailer that is designed to carry a temporarily mounted shipping container or a trailer that is designed to accommodate side-loading cargo onto a single, continuous load-bearing surface that runs from the rear of the trailer to at least the trailer’s kingpin and that may have curtains, straps or other devices to restrain or protect the cargo during transport, including side walls that do not completely enclose the cargo space. (remorque sans fourgon)

    N2O

    N2O means nitrous oxide. (N2O)

    on-road vehicle

    on-road vehicle means a self-propelled vehicle that is designed for or capable of transporting persons, property, material or permanently or temporarily affixed apparatus on a highway, but does not mean a vehicle that

    • (a) cannot exceed a speed of 40 km/h (25 miles per hour) on a level paved surface;

    • (b) lacks features customarily associated with safe and practical highway use such as a reverse gear, a differential or safety features that are required by federal or provincial laws;

    • (c) exhibits features that render its use on a highway unsafe, impractical or highly unlikely, such as tracked road contact means or inordinate size; or

    • (d) is a military vehicle that is designed for use in combat or combat support. (véhicule routier)

    partial-aero

    partial-aero, in respect of a box van trailer other than a non-aero box van trailer, means that the trailer

    • (a) has at least one of the following side features:

      • (i) a belly box that occupies at least half of the length of both sides of the trailer between the centreline of the landing gear when it is extended and the leading edge of the front wheels,

      • (ii) a drop deck,

      • (iii) a mounted, pull-out platform,

      • (iv) one or more steps for side-door access,

      • (v) a lift gate; or

    • (b) in the case of a long dry box van trailer or a long refrigerated box van trailer, has at least one of the following rear features:

      • (i) a hinged loading ramp,

      • (ii) a lift gate,

      • (iii) a mount for a forklift,

      • (iv) for the 2023 model year or an earlier model year, a roll-up door. (partiellement aérodynamique)

    plug-in hybrid vehicle

    plug-in hybrid vehicle means a hybrid vehicle that has an energy storage system that can be recharged from an electric source that is not on board the vehicle. (véhicule hybride rechargeable)

    power take-off

    power take-off means a secondary engine shaft or other system of a vehicle that provides substantial auxiliary power for purposes unrelated to vehicle propulsion or the functioning of customary vehicle accessories such as air conditioning, power steering and basic accessories. (prise de mouvement)

    refrigerated box van trailer

    refrigerated box van trailer means a box van trailer that has a self-contained heating, ventilation or air-conditioning system. (remorque fourgon frigorifique)

    regional vocational vehicle

    regional vocational vehicle means a vocational vehicle that has any of the characteristics of a vehicle to which the regional duty cycle is applicable under section 510 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart F, of the CFR. (véhicule spécialisé régional)

    short

    short, in respect of a trailer, means not more than 15.24 metres (50 feet) in length. (courte)

    sleeper cab

    sleeper cab means a tractor cab that has a compartment located behind the driver’s seat that is designed to be used as a sleeping accommodation and that is accessible either from the driver’s compartment or from outside the vehicle. (cabine couchette)

    spark-ignition engine

    spark-ignition engine means an engine that operates under characteristics significantly similar to the theoretical Otto combustion cycle and uses a spark plug or other sparking device. (moteur à allumage commandé)

    static loaded radius

    static loaded radius means the distance between the level surface where the vehicle is located and the axle centre measured at curb weight when the vehicle is stationary, with the wheels parallel to the vehicle’s longitudinal centre line and the tires inflated to the manufacturer’s recommended cold tire inflation pressure. (rayon sous charge statique)

    steady state duty cycle

    steady state duty cycle means the test cycle that is referred to in section 1362 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart N, of the CFR. (cycle de service permanent)

    test group

    test group, in respect of a company’s Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles, excluding those that are vocational vehicles or incomplete vocational vehicles, and the company’s engines referred to in section 25, means

    • (a) if they are covered by an EPA certificate, the grouping for which the EPA certificate was issued; and

    • (b) if they are not covered by an EPA certificate, the grouping determined in accordance with section 1827 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart S, of the CFR. (groupe d’essai)

    test weight

    test weight means the vehicle weight that is used or represented during testing. (masse à l’essai)

    tire pressure monitoring system

    tire pressure monitoring system means a system that is installed on a vehicle or a trailer to monitor the air pressure in each tire and alert the driver when the tire pressure falls below a specified value. (système de surveillance de la pression des pneus)

    tire rolling resistance level

    tire rolling resistance level means the rolling resistance of a tire configuration, expressed in kilograms per tonne. (niveau de résistance au roulement du pneu)

    tractor

    tractor means a Class 7 or Class 8 heavy-duty vehicle that is manufactured primarily for pulling a trailer but not for carrying cargo other than cargo in the trailer. (tracteur routier)

    trailer

    trailer means equipment with wheels that is designed to carry cargo and be pulled by a tractor when coupled to the tractor’s fifth wheel, excluding equipment that

    • (a) is less than 10.67 metres (35 feet) in length and has three axles;

    • (b) has four or more axles;

    • (c) has adjacent axles whose centrelines are at least 305 cm (120 inches) apart and, if the distance between the axles is adjustable, cannot be set closer together;

    • (d) is intended to be used as a temporary or permanent residence or as an office or other work space; or

    • (e) is designed for use in military combat or combat support. (remorque)

    trailer family

    trailer family, in respect of a company’s trailers, means

    • (a) if they are covered by an EPA certificate, the grouping for which the EPA certificate was issued; or

    • (b) if they are not covered by an EPA certificate, the trailers within a grouping referred to in section 230 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart C, of the CFR, except that a reference to “vehicle” in sections 230(b) and (d)(3) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart C, of the CFR must be read as a reference to “trailer”. (famille de remorques)

    transient duty cycle

    transient duty cycle means the test cycle that is referred to in section 1333 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart N, of the CFR. (cycle de service transitoire)

    urban vocational vehicle

    urban vocational vehicle means a vocational vehicle that has any of the characteristics of a vehicle to which the urban duty cycle is applicable under section 510 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart F, of the CFR. (véhicule spécialisé urbain)

    vehicle configuration

    vehicle configuration means, in respect of Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles and cab-complete vehicles, a configuration as defined in section 1819(d)(12)(i) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart S, of the CFR. (configuration de véhicule)

    vehicle family

    vehicle family, in respect of a company’s tractors or vocational vehicles, means 

    • (a) if they are covered by an EPA certificate, the grouping for which the EPA certificate was issued; or

    • (b) if they are not covered by an EPA certificate, the grouping determined in accordance with section 230 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart C, of the CFR. (famille de véhicules)

    vehicle service class

    vehicle service class means any one of the following groups:

    • (a) light heavy-duty vehicles;

    • (b) medium heavy-duty vehicles; or

    • (c) heavy heavy-duty vehicles. (classe de service)

    vehicle subconfiguration

    vehicle subconfiguration means, within a vehicle configuration of Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles and cab-complete vehicles, a unique combination of equivalent test weight and road load horsepower, and any other operational characteristics or parameters that may significantly affect CO2 emissions within the vehicle configuration. (sous-configuration de véhicule)

    vocational tractor

    vocational tractor means any of the following tractors that are not designed primarily to operate at high and constant speeds such as on highways, or that would not benefit from efficiency improvements designed for line-haul tractors:

    • (a) a low-roof tractor that is designed for local pickup and delivery;

    • (b) a tractor that is designed for both on-road and off-road use, such as a tractor with a reinforced frame and increased ground clearance; or

    • (c) a tractor of the 2020 model year or an earlier model year that has a GCWR of 54 431 kg (120,000 pounds) or more. (tracteur routier spécialisé)

    vocational vehicle

    vocational vehicle means any of the following:

    • (a) a Class 4, Class 5 or Class 6 heavy-duty vehicle;

    • (b) a Class 7 or Class 8 heavy-duty vehicle that is not a tractor;

    • (c) a vocational tractor;

    • (d) a heavy-duty incomplete vehicle that is not a cab-complete vehicle and is equipped with an engine conforming to the alternative standard referred to in section 25; or

    • (e) a Class 2B or Class 3 heavy-duty vehicle that is not subject to section 1819 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart S, of the CFR. (véhicule spécialisé)

  • Marginal note:CFR

    (2) Standards that are incorporated by reference in these Regulations from the CFR are those expressly set out in the CFR and must be read as excluding

    • (a) references to the EPA or the Administrator of the EPA exercising discretion in any way;

    • (b) references to the Secretary of Transportation exercising discretion in any way;

    • (c) alternative standards related to fleet averages, other averages, emission credits, small volume manufacturers or financial hardship; and

    • (d) standards or evidence of conformity of any authority other than the EPA.

  • Marginal note:Interpretation

    (3) For the purposes of subsection (2), a reference in the CFR to “carbon-related exhaust emissions” and “CREE” must be read as “CO2 emissions”.

  • Marginal note:Rounding

    (4) The calculations and measurements in these Regulations must be rounded in accordance with section 20(e) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1065, subpart A, of the CFR, unless otherwise provided in

    • (a) these Regulations;

    • (b) part 1037 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, of the CFR, for the applicable standards and test procedures in the case of trailers and heavy-duty vehicles other than those referred to in paragraph (b.1);

    • (b.1) section 1819 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart S, of the CFR, for the applicable standards and test procedures in the case of Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles and cab-complete vehicles, excluding those that are vocational vehicles or incomplete vocational vehicles; or

    • (c) part 1036 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, of the CFR, for the applicable standards and test procedures in the case of heavy-duty engines.

  • Marginal note:Useful life

    (5) Unless otherwise provided in these Regulations, useful life refers to the period of time or use in respect of which an emission standard applies to, as the case may be,

    • (a) Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles and cab-complete vehicles — excluding those that are vocational vehicles or incomplete vocational vehicles — namely,

      • (i) for the 2020 model year and earlier model years, 11 years or 193 121 km (120,000 miles), whichever occurs first, and

      • (ii) for the 2021 model year and subsequent model years, 15 years or 241 401 km (150,000 miles), whichever occurs first;

    • (b) vocational vehicles that are light heavy-duty vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles that are to become light heavy-duty vehicles, namely,

      • (i) for the 2020 model year and earlier model years, 10 years or 177 027 km (110,000 miles), whichever occurs first, and

      • (ii) for the 2021 model year and subsequent model years, 15 years or 241 401 km (150,000 miles), whichever occurs first;

    • (c) vocational vehicles that are medium heavy-duty vehicles, incomplete vocational vehicles that are to become medium heavy-duty vehicles, Class 7 tractors and incomplete tractors that are to become Class 7 tractors, namely, 10 years or 297 728 km (185,000 miles), whichever occurs first;

    • (d) vocational vehicles that are heavy heavy-duty vehicles, incomplete vocational vehicles that are to become heavy heavy-duty vehicles, Class 8 tractors and incomplete tractors that are to become Class 8 tractors, namely, 10 years or 700 064 km (435,000 miles), whichever occurs first;

    • (e) heavy-duty engines, namely,

      • (i) in the case of spark-ignition engines and of light heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines of the 2021 model year or a subsequent model year, 15 years or 241 401 km (150,000 miles), whichever occurs first, and

      • (ii) in any other case, the same useful life as that which is set out for the type of engine in question in section 2 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart A, of the CFR for emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOX), hydrocarbon (HC), particulate matter (PM) and carbon monoxide (CO); and

    • (f) trailers, namely, 10 years.

  • Marginal note:Roof height — tractors

    (6) Subject to subsections (7) and (8), “roof height” refers to the maximum height of a tractor, rounded to the nearest inch, excluding small accessories such as exhaust pipes and antennas, but including large accessories such as roof fairings, and measured with tires inflated to the manufacturer’s recommended cold tire inflation pressure and without occupants or cargo onboard.

  • Marginal note:Roof height measurement — tractors

    (7) The roof height of a tractor must be measured with a static loaded radius equal to the arithmetic mean of the largest and smallest static loaded radius of the tires that are recommended for the tractor by the manufacturer.

  • Marginal note:Adjustable roof fairing — tractors

    (8) In the case of a tractor equipped with an adjustable roof fairing, the roof height must be measured with the fairing in its lowest setting.

  • Marginal note:Length — trailer

    (8.1) The length of a trailer corresponds to

    • (a) the outer dimensions of its load-carrying structure, excluding any aerodynamic devices and any heating, ventilating or air-conditioning systems; and

    • (b) in the case of a B-train trailer, the outer dimensions of its load-carrying structure, excluding its rear fifth-wheel coupling section, any aerodynamic devices and any heating, ventilating or air-conditioning systems.

  • Marginal note:Number of axles

    (8.2) The number of axles on a vehicle or trailer includes any axles that can be used to carry the loaded or unloaded weight of the vehicle or the trailer while in motion, including lift axles.

  • Marginal note:Family emission limit

    (9) A family emission limit and a CO2 family certification level must be expressed to the same number of decimal places as the emission standard they replace.

  • Marginal note:Spark-ignition engines

    (10) For the purposes of these Regulations, a spark-ignition engine of the 2020 model year or an earlier model year that is regulated as a diesel engine under part 86 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, of the CFR must conform to the standards, test procedures and calculation methods applicable to a compression-ignition engine of the same model year.

  • Marginal note:Compression-ignition engines

    (11) For the purposes of these Regulations, a compression-ignition engine of the 2020 model year or an earlier model year that is regulated as an Otto-cycle engine under part 86 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, of the CFR must conform to the standards, test procedures and calculation methods applicable to a spark-ignition engine of the same model year.

  • Marginal note:Various engines

    (12) For the purposes of these Regulations, the following engines must conform to the standards, test procedures and calculation methods applicable to a compression-ignition engine of the same model year:

    • (a) a gas turbine heavy-duty engine; and

    • (b) a heavy-duty engine that is not a spark-ignition engine or compression-ignition engine.

  • SOR/2018-98, s. 1
 
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