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Heavy-duty Vehicle and Engine Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations (SOR/2013-24)

Regulations are current to 2020-09-09 and last amended on 2018-11-16. Previous Versions

Labelling (continued)

Marginal note:Requirements

 Any label that is required by these Regulations, other than a U.S. emission control information label or U.S. engine information label referred to in paragraph 53(d), must

  • (a) be applied to a conspicuous and readily accessible location;

  • (b) be permanently applied to the vehicle or the trailer and, in the case of an engine, be permanently applied to an engine part that is necessary for normal engine operation and does not normally require replacement during the engine’s useful life;

  • (c) be resistant to or protected against any weather condition;

  • (d) have lettering that is

    • (i) clear and indelible,

    • (ii) indented, embossed or in a colour that contrasts with the background colour of the label, and

    • (iii) in block capitals and numerals that are not less than 2 mm in height; and

  • (e) have units that are identified by the appropriate name or symbol.

  • SOR/2018-98, s. 11

Vehicles Manufactured in Stages

Marginal note:Requirements

  •  (1) If a company alters a heavy-duty vehicle or heavy-duty incomplete vehicle that was in conformity with these Regulations in such a manner that its stated type of vehicle referred to in paragraph 18(3)(a) is no longer accurate, or if the company alters the emission control system, alters an engine configuration in a way that might affect emissions or replaces any of the components of the vehicle that might alter the value of a parameter used in the GEM computer simulation model, the company must

    • (a) ensure that the U.S. emission control information label referred to in subparagraph 53(d)(i), the compliance label referred to in section 9 and the national emissions mark, as the case may be, remain applied to the altered vehicle;

    • (b) ensure that the vehicle, once altered, conforms to all applicable standards;

    • (c) apply to the altered vehicle an additional label that sets out the following information:

      • (i) the words “THIS VEHICLE WAS ALTERED BY / CE VÉHICULE A ÉTÉ MODIFIÉ PAR”, followed by the name of the company that altered the vehicle,

      • (ii) the month and year during which the alteration was made to the vehicle,

      • (iii) the national emissions mark, and

      • (iv) the type of vehicle referred to in paragraph 18(3)(a), if it differs from the type set out on the compliance label referred to in section 9 or if the regulatory subcategory that is set out on the U.S. emission control information label referred to in subparagraph 53(d)(i) is changed, as the case may be; and

    • (d) obtain and produce the evidence of conformity referred to in section 54 for the altered vehicle in a form and manner that is satisfactory to the Minister before the vehicle leaves its possession or control.

  • Marginal note:National emissions mark

    (2) The national emissions mark referred to in subparagraph (1)(c)(iii) must be displayed on a label applied to the vehicle immediately beside any previously applied label on which the national emissions mark appears or immediately beside the U.S. emission control information label referred to in subparagraph 53(d)(i).

  • Marginal note:Non-participation in credit system

    (3) A company that alters a vehicle in accordance with this section must not participate in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47 with respect to that altered vehicle.

  • SOR/2018-98, s. 12

Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards

General

Application

[SOR/2018-98, s. 13]

Marginal note:January 1, 2014

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), these Regulations apply to vehicles for which the main assembly is completed on or after January 1, 2014.

  • Marginal note:Election

    (2) A company may elect to comply with these Regulations with respect to its heavy-duty vehicles of the 2014 model year for which the main assembly is completed before January 1, 2014 for the purpose of participation in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47.

Marginal note:January 1, 2020

 These Regulations apply to trailers whose manufacture is completed on or after January 1, 2020.

  • SOR/2018-98, s. 14

Engine Installed in Heavy-duty Vehicle

Marginal note:Vocational vehicles or tractors

  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (4), every vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor and incomplete tractor whose main assembly is completed after the coming into force of this section must be equipped with a heavy-duty engine that conforms to the following standards:

    • (a) the standards set out in the On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations that are applicable to heavy-duty engines as defined in subsection 1(1) of those Regulations that are of the following model year:

      • (i) in the case of a vehicle whose main assembly is completed before January 1, 2021, the model year of the engine with which the vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor is equipped, and

      • (ii) in the case of a vehicle whose main assembly is completed on or after January 1, 2021, the model year that corresponds to

        • (A) the calendar year during which the main assembly of the vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor in which the engine is installed is completed, or

        • (B) if the conditions set out in paragraph 4(3)(a) or subparagraph 4(3)(b)(i) or (ii) are met, the calendar year before the calendar year during which the main assembly of the vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor in which the engine is installed is completed; and

    • (b) the standards set out in these Regulations that are applicable to engines that are of the following model year:

      • (i) in the case of a vehicle whose main assembly is completed before January 1, 2021, the model year of the engine with which the vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor is equipped, and

      • (ii) in the case of a vehicle whose main assembly is completed on or after January 1, 2021, the model year that corresponds to

        • (A) the calendar year during which the main assembly of the vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor in which the engine is installed is completed, or

        • (B) if the conditions set out in paragraph 4(3)(a) or subparagraph 4(3)(b)(i) or (ii) are met, the calendar year before the calendar year during which the main assembly of the vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor in which the engine is installed is completed.

  • Marginal note:Election

    (2) A company may elect not to comply with subsection (1) for a vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor if the company reports this election in its end of model year report in accordance with section 48 and the vehicle’s engine has previously been sold to a first retail purchaser and

    • (a) has not reached the end of its useful life since its original date of manufacture;

    • (b) has accumulated less than 160 935 km (100,000 miles) of operation since its original date of manufacture;

    • (c) less than three years have passed since its original date of manufacture; or

    • (d) is of the 2010 model year or a subsequent model year.

  • Marginal note:Standards — engine installed in vehicle

    (3) The engine referred to in subsection (2) must conform to

    • (a) the standards set out in the On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations that are applicable to heavy-duty engines as defined in subsection 1(1) of those Regulations that are of the model year corresponding to the engine’s original date of manufacture; and

    • (b) the standards set out in these Regulations that are applicable to engines that are of the model year corresponding to the engine’s original date of manufacture.

  • Marginal note:Hybrid vehicles — alternate engine standards

    (4) In the case of vocational vehicles, incomplete vocational vehicles, tractors and incomplete tractors that are or are to become hybrid vehicles whose engine provides energy to the vehicle’s energy storage features, if there are no engines on the market that conform to the standards referred to in subsection (1) and that have the physical or performance characteristics necessary for the operation of the vehicle, a company may, for any given model year up to and including the 2027 model year, elect to equip up to 100 such vehicles with a heavy-duty engine that, instead of conforming to the standards referred to in that subsection, conforms to the alternative standards set out in section 10(g) or 11(g), as the case may be, of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter C, part 86, subpart A, of the CFR.

  • SOR/2018-98, s. 14
 
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