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Heavy-duty Vehicle and Engine Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations (SOR/2013-24)

Regulations are current to 2020-09-09 and last amended on 2018-11-16. Previous Versions

Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards (continued)

CO2 Emission Credit System — Vehicles and Engines

[SOR/2018-98, s. 37]

Calculation of Credits and Deficits

Marginal note:Credits

  •  (1) For the purposes of subparagraph 162(1)(b)(i) of the Act and subject to subsections 26(7.1) and 27(8.1), a company obtains CO2 emission credits if the CO2 emissions for a fleet or subfleet, as the case may be, of heavy-duty vehicles or heavy-duty engines of a given model year are lower than the CO2 emission standard applicable

    • (a) in the case of a fleet of Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles and cab-complete vehicles, to that fleet for the model year in question; and

    • (b) in any other case, to the vehicles or engines of that fleet or subfleet, as the case may be, for the model year in question.

  • Marginal note:Deficits

    (2) A company incurs deficits if the CO2 emissions for a fleet or subfleet, as the case may be, of heavy-duty vehicles or heavy-duty engines of a given model year are higher than the CO2 emission standard applicable

    • (a) in the case of a fleet of Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles and cab-complete vehicles, to that fleet for the model year in question; and

    • (b) in any other case, to the vehicles or engines of that fleet or subfleet, as the case may be, for the model year in question.

  • Marginal note:End of model year report

    (3) The company must report any credits obtained and any deficits incurred in its end of model year report in accordance with section 48.

  • SOR/2018-98, s. 38

Marginal note:Calculation

  •  (1) A company must calculate the credits or deficits for each of its fleets or subfleets, as the case may be, using the equation set out in one of the following paragraphs, whichever applies:

    • (a) for Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles and cab-complete vehicles, excluding those that are vocational vehicles or incomplete vocational vehicles,

      ECD = ((A – B) × C × D) ÷ (1 000 000)

      where

      ECD
      is the number of credits, if the result is positive, or the number of deficits, if the result is negative, expressed in megagrams of CO2,
      A
      is the fleet average CO2 emission standard calculated in accordance with section 22, expressed in grams of CO2 per mile,
      B
      is the fleet average CO2 emission value calculated in accordance with section 23, expressed in grams of CO2 per mile,
      C
      is the number of vehicles in the fleet, and
      D
      is the useful life of the vehicles of the fleet, expressed in miles;
    • (b) for vocational vehicles and incomplete vocational vehicles and subject to subsection 38(2) and clause 41(1)(b)(ii)(A),

      ECD = ((A – B) × C × D × E) ÷ (1 000 000)

      where

      ECD
      is the number of credits, if the result is positive, or the number of deficits, if the result is negative, expressed in megagrams of CO2,
      A
      is the CO2 emission standard under subsection 26(1), (1.1) or (1.2) that applies to the vehicles of the fleet or subfleet, as the case may be, expressed in grams of CO2 per short ton-mile,
      B
      is the CO2 family emission limit for the fleet or subfleet, as the case may be, expressed in grams of CO2 per short ton-mile,
      C
      is the payload for the class of vehicles, which is
      • (i) 2.85 short tons for light heavy-duty vehicles,

      • (ii) 5.6 short tons for medium heavy-duty vehicles, and

      • (iii) 7.5 short tons for heavy heavy-duty vehicles,

      D
      is the number of vehicles in the fleet or subfleet, as the case may be, and
      E
      is the useful life of the vehicles of the fleet or subfleet, as the case may be, expressed in miles;
    • (c) for tractors and incomplete tractors and subject to subsection 38(2) and clause 41(1)(b)(ii)(B),

      ECD = ((A – B) × C × D × E) ÷ (1 000 000)

      where

      ECD
      is the number of credits, if the result is positive, or the number of deficits, if the result is negative, expressed in megagrams of CO2,
      A
      is the CO2 emission standard under subsection 27(1), (1.1) or (1.2) that applies to the tractors and incomplete tractors of the fleet or subfleet, as the case may be, expressed in grams of CO2 per short ton-mile,
      B
      is the CO2 family emission limit for the fleet or subfleet, as the case may be, expressed in grams of CO2 per short ton-mile,
      C
      is the payload for the tractors and incomplete tractors, which is
      • (i) 12.5 short tons for Class 7 tractors and incomplete tractors,

      • (ii) 19 short tons for Class 8 tractors and incomplete tractors of the 2020 model year or an earlier model year and for Class 8 tractors and incomplete tractors of the 2021 model year or a subsequent model year that have a GCWR of less than 54 431 kg (120,000 pounds), and

      • (iii) 43 short tons for Class 8 tractors and incomplete tractors of the 2021 model year or a subsequent model year that have a GCWR of 54 431 kg (120,000 pounds) or more,

      D
      is the number of tractors and incomplete tractors in the fleet or subfleet, as the case may be, and
      E
      is the useful life of the tractors or incomplete tractors of the fleet or subfleet, as the case may be, expressed in miles; and
    • (d) for heavy-duty engines and subject to subparagraph 41(1)(c)(iii),

      ECD = ((A – B) × C × D × E) ÷ (1 000 000)

      where

      ECD
      is the number of credits, if the result is positive, or the number of deficits, if the result is negative, expressed in megagrams of CO2,
      A
      is the CO2 emission standard that applies to the fleet of heavy-duty engines under section 30 or subsection 31(2) or (5), as the case may be, expressed in grams per brake horsepower-hour,
      B
      is the CO2 family certification level for the fleet, subject to subsection (3), expressed in grams of CO2 per brake horsepower-hour,
      C
      is the transient cycle conversion factor calculated in accordance with the applicable variable “CF” in section 705(b) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1036, subpart H, of the CFR, except that a reference to “production volumes” in that section must be read as a reference to “number of engines of that engine family that a company imports or manufactures in Canada for the purpose of sale in Canada to the first retail purchaser”,
      D
      is the number of engines in the fleet, and
      E
      is the useful life of the engines of the fleet, expressed in miles.
  • (2) [Repealed, SOR/2018-98, s. 39]

  • Marginal note:Duty cycle

    (3) In the case of medium heavy-duty engines and heavy heavy-duty engines that are designed to be used in both vocational vehicles or incomplete vocational vehicles and in tractors or incomplete tractors, a company must select the duty cycle set out in paragraph 32(1)(b) that corresponds to the vehicle in which the engine is installed for the purpose of calculating the value determined for B in the formula set out in paragraph (1)(d).

  • SOR/2018-98, ss. 39, 60

Additional Credits

Marginal note:Obtaining additional credits

  •  (1) A company may obtain additional credits for vehicles or engines as follows:

    • (a) for the 2020 model year and earlier model years, in accordance with sections 37 to 41;

    • (b) for the 2021 to 2027 model years, in accordance with sections 40.1 and 41; and

    • (c) for the 2028 model year and subsequent model years, in accordance with section 41.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (2) Additional credits may only be obtained once for a vehicle or engine with regard to the same type of greenhouse gas emission reduction technology.

  • SOR/2018-98, s. 40

Marginal note:Credit multiplier — Class 2B and Class 3 vehicles

 A company that obtains credits under paragraph 35(1)(a) for Class 2B and Class 3 heavy-duty vehicles and cab-complete vehicles that are electric vehicles, fuel cell vehicles, hybrid vehicles or are equipped with an engine that includes a Rankine-cycle or other bottoming cycle exhaust energy recovery system, may multiply the number of credits obtained for those vehicles by 1.5.

Marginal note:Equivalent conventional vehicle and footprint

  •  (1) For the purpose of the calculation in subsection (2),

    • (a) equivalent conventional vehicle means a vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor that is being compared with a vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor that is an electric vehicle, a fuel cell vehicle, a hybrid vehicle, or that is equipped with an engine that includes a Rankine-cycle or other bottoming cycle exhaust energy recovery system that has, as a minimum, the same footprint, class, coefficient of aerodynamic drag, tires and wheels, and has the same number of power take-off circuits and the equivalent take-off power as the vehicle in question; and

    • (b) footprint means the result of the product of the average width, measured in inches and rounded to the nearest tenth of an inch, of the lateral distance between the centrelines of the front and rear base tires at ground level, multiplied by the longitudinal distance between the front and rear wheel centrelines, measured in inches and rounded to the nearest tenth of an inch, divided by 144 and rounded to the nearest tenth of a square foot.

  • Marginal note:Calculation — tractors and vocational vehicles

    (2) In the case of vocational vehicles, incomplete vocational vehicles, tractors or incomplete tractors that are electric vehicles, fuel cell vehicles, hybrid vehicles or that are equipped with an engine that includes a Rankine-cycle or other bottoming cycle exhaust energy recovery system, a company may obtain additional credits by replacing the value determined for (A – B) in the equation set out in paragraph 35(1)(b) or (c), as the case may be, with the following benefit to emission credits, expressed in grams of CO2 per short ton-mile and determined by the equation

    (A – B) = improvement factor x modelling result B

    where

    improvement factor
    is the value determined by the formula

    (emission rate A – emission rate B) ÷ (emission rate A)

    where

    emission rate A
    is the emission test result, expressed in grams of CO2 per short ton-mile, obtained by an equivalent conventional vehicle when tested using the duty cycle test set out in section 510 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart F, of the CFR, taking into account section 501 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart F, of the CFR; and
    emission rate B
    is the emission test result, expressed in grams of CO2 per short ton-mile, obtained by the vehicle in question, which is
    • (a) for an electric vehicle, zero grams of CO2 per short ton-mile, and

    • (b) for any other vehicle, subject to subsection (3), the result obtained by the vehicle when tested using the duty cycle test set out in section 510 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart F, of the CFR, taking into account sections 501 and 540 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart F, of the CFR; and

    modelling result B
    is the CO2 emission rate obtained for the vocational vehicle, incomplete vocational vehicle, tractor or incomplete tractor that is an electric vehicle, a fuel cell vehicle, a hybrid vehicle, or that is equipped with an engine that includes a Rankine-cycle or other bottoming cycle exhaust energy recovery system, when modelled in accordance with subsection 26(2) or subsection 27(2), as the case may be.
  • Marginal note:Emission rate B

    (3) In the case of fuel cell vehicles, the company may use the alternative procedure referred to in section 615 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart G, of the CFR to calculate emission rate B in the equation set out in subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Credit multiplier — tractors and vocational vehicles

    (4) The additional credits calculated in subsection (2) may be multiplied by 1.5 if the company does not use the early action credit multiplier referred to in subsection 47(6) for the same vehicles.

  • SOR/2018-98, ss. 41, 61
 
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