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Heavy-duty Vehicle and Engine Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations (SOR/2013-24)

Regulations are current to 2020-10-05 and last amended on 2018-11-16. Previous Versions

Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards (continued)

Heavy-duty Engines (continued)

CO2 Emissions (continued)

Marginal note:Alternative emission standard — 2014 to 2016 model years

  •  (1) Heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines of the 2014 to 2016 model years may conform to the CO2 emission standard referred to in section 620 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1036, subpart G, of the CFR instead of the standard set out in paragraph 30(1)(c) if there are no remaining credits that can be used under sections 42 to 46 for the averaging set of those engines for the model years in question.

  • Marginal note:Alternative emission standard — 2013 to 2016 model years

    (2) Heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines of the 2013 to 2016 model years may conform to the CO2 emission standard referred to in section 150(e) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1036, subpart B, of the CFR instead of the standard set out in paragraph 30(1)(c) or in subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:No early action credits

    (3) The engines referred to in subsection (2) are not eligible for early action credits in accordance with section 47.

  • Marginal note:Election to comply with subsection (2)

    (4) A company that elects to conform to the alternative CO2 emission standard referred to in subsection (2) must continue to comply with that subsection for the other model years referred to in that subsection.

  • Marginal note:Alternative emission standard — 2024 to 2026 model years

    (5) For the 2024 to 2026 model years, a company may elect to have its medium heavy-duty engines or heavy heavy-duty engines conform to the applicable alternative CO2 emission standard referred to in section 150(p)(2) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1036, subpart B, of the CFR instead of the applicable standard set out in paragraph 30(1)(d).

  • SOR/2018-98, s. 34

Marginal note:Value

  •  (1) The CO2 emission value for the following heavy-duty engines corresponds to the emission value of the tested engine configuration referred to in section 235(a) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1036, subpart C, of the CFR for the engine family, measured in accordance with the following duty cycles, taking into account sections 108(d) to (f) and 150(g) and (m) of subpart B, sections 235(b) and 241(c) and (d) of subpart C and subparts E and F of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1036, of the CFR:

    • (a) for medium heavy-duty engines and heavy heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines designed to be used in tractors or incomplete tractors, the steady state duty cycle;

    • (b) for medium heavy-duty engines and heavy heavy-duty engines that are compression-ignition engines designed to be used in both vocational vehicles or incomplete vocational vehicles and tractors or incomplete tractors, the steady state duty cycle and transient duty cycle; and

    • (c) for engines other than those referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b), the transient duty cycle.

  • Marginal note:Engine configuration

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the tested engine configuration for the model year in question is determined using the engine sales in Canada if none of the engines of the engine family are sold in the United States.

  • SOR/2018-98, s. 35

Marginal note:Calculation using fleets and subfleets

  •  (1) A company may, instead of complying with section 30 or subsection 31(2) or (5), as the case may be, for all of its heavy-duty engines of a given model year, elect to group those engines into fleets in accordance with section 18 and participate in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 34 to 47.

  • Marginal note:CO2 family certification level

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), every heavy-duty engine within a fleet must conform to the CO2 family certification level for the fleet.

  • SOR/2018-98, s. 36

Trailers

Marginal note:CO2 emission standards — full-aero box van trailers

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (5), every full-aero box van trailer of the 2020 model year or a subsequent model year of a type referred to in column 1 of the table to this subsection must, for the duration of its useful life, have a CO2 emission rate that does not exceed the CO2 emission standard set out in column 2, 3, 4 or 5 for the model year in question.

    TABLE

    Column 1Column 2Column 3Column 4Column 5
    ItemTypeCO2 Emission Standard (grams of CO2 per short ton-mile) for 2020 Model YearCO2 Emission Standard (grams of CO2 per short ton-mile) for 2021 to 2023 Model YearsCO2 Emission Standard (grams of CO2 per short ton-mile) for 2024 to 2026 Model YearsCO2 Emission Standard (grams of CO2 per short ton-mile) for 2027 and Subsequent Model Years
    1Short dry box van trailer125.4123.7120.9118.8
    2Long dry box van trailer81.378.977.275.7
    3Short refrigerated box van trailer129.1127.5124.7122.7
    4Long refrigerated box van trailer83.080.678.977.4
  • Marginal note:CO2 emission standards — partial-aero box van trailers

    (2) For the 2020 model year and subsequent model years, every partial-aero box van trailer of a type referred to in column 1 of the table to this subsection must, for the duration of its useful life, have a CO2 emission rate that does not exceed the CO2 emission standard set out in column 2 or 3 for the model year in question.

    TABLE

    Column 1Column 2Column 3
    ItemTypeCO2 Emission Standard (grams of CO2 per short ton-mile) for 2020 Model YearCO2 Emission Standard (grams of CO2 per short ton-mile) for 2021 and Subsequent Model Years
    1Short dry box van trailer125.4123.7
    2Long dry box van trailer81.380.6
    3Short refrigerated box van trailer129.1127.5
    4Long refrigerated box van trailer83.082.3
  • Marginal note:Demonstrating compliance

    (3) The CO2 emission rate for each trailer must be determined in accordance with sections 501 and 515 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart F, of the CFR, taking into account section 150(x) of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart B, of the CFR.

  • Marginal note:Alternative method for measuring drag area

    (4) Instead of the default method referred to in section 526 of Title 40, chapter I, subchapter U, part 1037, subpart F, of the CFR, a company may elect to measure a trailer’s drag area (CdA) in accordance with any other method referred to in that section, if the test results are adjusted to correlate with the test results that would be obtained if the default method were used, as specified in that section, and if

    • (a) in the case of a trailer that is covered by an EPA certificate, the election has been approved by the EPA for that trailer and the company provides the Minister with evidence of the EPA approval; and

    • (b) in the case of a trailer that is not covered by an EPA certificate, the company provides the Minister with evidence demonstrating that the alternative method for measuring the trailer’s drag area referred to in this subsection is more representative of that trailer’s drag area.

  • Marginal note:Calculation using fleets and subfleets

    (5) For the 2027 model year and subsequent model years, a company may elect to comply with subsection (1) by grouping all of its full-aero box van trailers of a given model year into fleets or subfleets, as the case may be, in accordance with section 18 and participating in the CO2 emission credit system set out in sections 47.1 to 47.5.

  • Marginal note:Family emission limit

    (6) For the purposes of subsection (5), every full-aero box van trailer included within a fleet or subfleet, as the case may be, that is of a type referred to in column 1 of the table to this subsection must, for the duration of its useful life, conform to a CO2 family emission limit that does not exceed the CO2 emission limit set out in column 2.

    TABLE

    Column 1Column 2
    ItemTypeCO2 Emission Limit (grams of CO2 per short ton-mile)
    1Short dry box van trailer125.4
    2Long dry box van trailer81.3
    3Short refrigerated box van trailer129.1
    4Long refrigerated box van trailer83.0
  • SOR/2018-98, s. 36
 
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